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Sir Michael Scudamore Redgrave CBE (20 March 1908 – 21 March 1985) was an English stage and film actor, director, manager and author.

Contents

1 Youth and education 2 Theatre career

2.1 1930s 2.2 Second World War 2.3 Post-war years 2.4 1950s 2.5 1960s 2.6 1970s

3 Film and television work 4 Personal life

4.1 Family 4.2 Bisexuality 4.3 Illness and death

5 Honours, awards and appointments 6 Box office ranking 7 Filmography

7.1 Film

8 Radio appearances 9 Theatre 10 Writings 11 References 12 Further reading 13 External links

Youth and education[edit] Redgrave was born in Bristol, England, the son of the silent film actor Roy Redgrave
Roy Redgrave
and actress Margaret Scudamore. He never knew his father, who left when the boy was six months old to pursue a career in Australia. He died when Redgrave was fourteen. His mother subsequently married Captain James Anderson, a tea planter. Redgrave greatly disliked his stepfather.[1] He studied at Clifton College
Clifton College
and Magdalene College, Cambridge. Clifton College's theatre, the Redgrave Theatre, was later named after him. He was a schoolmaster at Cranleigh School
Cranleigh School
in Surrey before becoming an actor in 1934. He directed the boys in Hamlet, King Lear and The Tempest, but played all the leading roles himself.[2] The "Redgrave Room" at the school was named after him. In the new Guildford School of Acting
Guildford School of Acting
building, which opened in January 2010, the "Sir Michael Redgrave
Michael Redgrave
Studio" was named for him. Theatre career[edit] Redgrave made his first professional appearance at the Playhouse in Liverpool
Liverpool
on 30 August 1934 as Roy Darwin in Counsellor-at-Law (by Elmer Rice), then spent two years with its Liverpool
Liverpool
Repertory Company where he met his future wife Rachel Kempson. They married on 18 July 1935. 1930s[edit] Offered a job by Tyrone Guthrie, Redgrave made his first professional debut in London at the Old Vic
Old Vic
on 14 September 1936, playing Ferdinand in Love's Labours Lost. During 1936–37 he also played Mr Horner in The Country Wife, Orlando in As You Like It, Warbeck in The Witch of Edmonton and Laertes to Laurence Olivier's Hamlet. His hit of the season was Orlando. Edith Evans
Edith Evans
was his Rosalind and the two fell very much in love. As he later explained: "Edith always had a habit of falling in love with her leading men; with us it just went rather further."[2] As You Like It
As You Like It
transferred to the New Theatre in February 1937 and Redgrave again played Orlando. At the Embassy Theatre in March 1937, he played Anderson in a mystery play, The Bat, before returning to the Old Vic
Old Vic
in April, succeeding Marius Goring
Marius Goring
as Chorus in Henry V. Other roles that year included Christopher Drew in Daisy Fisher's comedy A Ship Comes Home at the St Martin's Theatre in May and Larry Starr in Philip Leaver's comedy Three Set Out at the Embassy in June, before joining John Gielgud's Company at the Queen's Theatre, September 1937 to April 1938, where he played Bolingbroke in Richard II, Charles Surface in The School for Scandal and Baron Tusenbach in Three Sisters. Other roles included:

Alexei Turbin in The White Guard (The Days of the Turbins by Mikhail Bulgakov), Phoenix Theatre October 1938 Sir Andrew Aguecheek in Twelfth Night, Phoenix December 1938 Harry, Lord Monchesney in The Family Reunion
The Family Reunion
(T.S. Eliot), Westminster Theatre March 1939 Henry in Springtime for Henry, touring 1939

Second World War[edit] Once the London theatres were re-opened, after the outbreak of war, he played:

Captain Macheath
Captain Macheath
in The Beggar's Opera, Theatre Royal, Haymarket, March 1940 Charleston in Thunder Rock, by Robert Ardrey, Neighbourhood Theatre June 1940; Globe Theatre
Globe Theatre
July 1940. (He would reprise this role in the 1942 Boulting Brothers
Boulting Brothers
film version.)

Redgrave joined the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
as an ordinary seaman in July 1941, (HMS Illustrious) but was discharged on medical grounds in November 1942.[3] Having spent most of 1942 in the Reserve he managed to direct Lifeline (Norman Armstrong) starring Frank Pettingell at the Duchess Theatre
Duchess Theatre
in July; and The Duke in Darkness
The Duke in Darkness
(Patrick Hamilton) starring Leslie Banks
Leslie Banks
at the St James's Theatre
St James's Theatre
in October, also taking the role of Gribaud.[4] Resuming his stage career he played/directed:

Rakitin in A Month in the Country (Turgenev), St James's Theatre
St James's Theatre
March 1943 Lafont in six matinees of Parisienne, a comedy by Henry Becque, translated by Ashley Dukes, (Redgrave also directed and managed) co-starring Sonia Dresdel, St James's Theatre
St James's Theatre
June 1943 Blow Your Own Trumpet, a comedy by Peter Ustinov, (directed), Playhouse Theatre
Playhouse Theatre
August 1943 The Wingless Victory, a period romance by Maxwell Anderson, (directed) starring Rachel Kempson
Rachel Kempson
as Faith Ingalls, Phoenix Theatre September 1943 Harry Quincey in Uncle Harry, a thriller by Thomas Job, (also co-directed with William Armstrong) with Beatrix Lehmann as Leslie Quincey and Rachel Kempson
Rachel Kempson
as Lucy Forrest, Garrick Theatre
Garrick Theatre
March 1944 Colonel Stjerbinsky in Jacobowsky and the Colonel, a comedy by Franz Werfel, adapted by S.N. Behrman, (Redgrave also directed) with Rachel Kempson as Marianne, Piccadilly Theatre, June 1945

Post-war years[edit]

Title role in Macbeth, Aldwych Theatre
Aldwych Theatre
December 1947; National Theatre, New York City (NYC debut, with Flora Robson
Flora Robson
as Lady Macbeth) 31 March 1948 Captain in The Father (August Strindberg) directed by Dennis Arundell with Freda Jackson
Freda Jackson
as Laura, Embassy Theatre November 1948; and Duchess Theatre
Duchess Theatre
January 1949 Etienne in A Woman in Love (also co-adapted with Diana Gould and directed) with Margaret Rawlings
Margaret Rawlings
as Germaine, Embassy April 1949

Joining the Old Vic
Old Vic
Company at the New Theatre for its 1949–50 season, he played:

Berowne in Love's Labours Lost Marlow in She Stoops to Conquer Rakitin in A Month in the Country His first Hamlet, which he also played at the Zürich
Zürich
Festival, the Holland Festival
Holland Festival
and at Kronborg Castle
Kronborg Castle
in Elsinore, June 1950

1950s[edit] Redgrave joined the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre
Shakespeare Memorial Theatre
company at Stratford-upon-Avon
Stratford-upon-Avon
and for the 1951 season appeared as Prospero in The Tempest
The Tempest
as well as playing Richard II, Hotspur and Chorus in the Cycle of Histories, for which he also directed Henry IV Part Two. After appearing as Frank Elgin in Winter Journey at the St James's April 1952, he rejoined the Stratford company in 1953 (together with his actress wife Rachel Kempson) appearing as Shylock, King Lear
King Lear
and Antony in Antony and Cleopatra, also playing Antony when the company transferred to the Prince's Theatre
Prince's Theatre
in November 1953 before touring in the Netherlands, Belgium
Belgium
and Paris.[5]:p.163 At the Apollo in June 1955 he played Hector in Tiger at the Gates, appearing in the same role at the Plymouth Theatre, New York City in October 1955 for which he received the New York Critics' Award. While in New York he directed A Month in the Country at the Phoenix Theatre in April 1956, and directed and played the Prince Regent in The Sleeping Prince at the Coronet Theatre in November 1956. Returning to London in January 1958, Redgrave appeared as Philip Lester in A Touch of the Sun (N. C. Hunter) at the Saville Theatre. He won Best Actor in the Evening Standard Awards 1958 for this role. He rejoined the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre
Shakespeare Memorial Theatre
Company in June 1958, to play Hamlet
Hamlet
and Benedick, also playing Hamlet
Hamlet
with the company in Leningrad
Leningrad
and Moscow
Moscow
in December 1958. (His wife Rachel Kempson
Rachel Kempson
played Ursula in Much Ado About Nothing
Much Ado About Nothing
and Lady Capulet in Romeo and Juliet). At the Queen's Theatre
Queen's Theatre
in London in August 1959, he played H.J. in his own adaptation of the Henry James
Henry James
novella The Aspern Papers. His play was later successfully revived on Broadway in 1962, with Dame Wendy Hiller and Maurice Evans. The 1984 London revival featured his daughter, Vanessa Redgrave, along with Christopher Reeve
Christopher Reeve
and Hiller, this time in the role of Miss Bordereau. 1960s[edit] Roles included:

Jack Dean in The Tiger and the Horse by Robert Bolt (which Redgrave also co-presented, directed by Frith Banbury), Queen's Theatre
Queen's Theatre
August 1960 Victor Rhodes in The Complaisant Lover by Graham Greene, Ethel Barrymore Theatre, New York, November 1961 – 101 performances

Michael Redgrave
Michael Redgrave
in costume for lead role in Uncle Vanya, backstage at Chichester Festival Theatre, 1962. Photo: Tony French.

Returning to Britain, in July 1962 he took part in the Chichester Festival Theatre's opening season, playing the title role in Chekhov's Uncle Vanya
Uncle Vanya
to the Astrov of Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
who also directed. Alongside John Dexter's Chichester staging of Saint Joan, Olivier's Uncle Vanya
Uncle Vanya
was first revived in Chichester in 1963 before transferring to the Old Vic
Old Vic
as part of the nascent Royal National Theatre's inaugural season, winning rave reviews and Redgrave's second win as Best Actor in the 1963 Evening Standard Awards. Critic Michael Billington recalled: "In Redgrave's Vanya you saw both a tremulous victim of a lifetime's emotional repression and the wasted potential of a Chekhovian might-have-been: as Redgrave and Olivier took their joint curtain call, linked hands held triumphantly aloft, we were not to know that this was to symbolise the end of their artistic amity."[6] Redgrave played (and co-presented) Lancelot Dodd MA in Arthur Watkyn's Out of Bounds at Wyndham's Theatre
Wyndham's Theatre
in November 1962, following it at the Old Vic
Old Vic
with his portrayal of Claudius opposite the Hamlet
Hamlet
of Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
on 22 October 1963. This Hamlet
Hamlet
was in fact the National Theatre's official opening production, directed by Olivier, but Simon Callow has dubbed it "slow, solemn, long", while Ken Campbell vividly described it as "brochure theatre."[7] In January 1964 at the National he played the title role in Hobson's Choice, which he admitted was well outside his range: "I couldn't do the Lancashire
Lancashire
accent and that shook my nerve terribly – all the other performances suffered." While still at the National in June 1964 he also played Halvard Solness in The Master Builder, which he said 'went wrong'. At this time he had incipient Parkinson's disease, although he did not know it.[2] In May and June 1965 Redgrave directed the opening festival of the Yvonne Arnaud Theatre
Yvonne Arnaud Theatre
in Guildford, including directing and playing Rakitin in A Month in the Country (co-starring with Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
as Natalya Petrovna), and Samson in Samson Agonistes (co-starring with Rachel Kempson
Rachel Kempson
as Chorus). He again played Rakitin in September 1965, when his production transferred to the Cambridge Theatre
Cambridge Theatre
in London. For the Glyndebourne Festival Opera
Glyndebourne Festival Opera
he directed Werther
Werther
in 1966 and La bohème in 1967.[8] 1970s[edit] At the Mermaid Theatre
Mermaid Theatre
in July 1971 he played Mr Jaraby in The Old Boys (William Trevor) and had an unfortunate experience: "My memory went, and on the first night they made me wear a deaf aid to hear some lines from the prompter and it literally fell to pieces – there were little bits of machinery all over the floor, so I then knew I really couldn't go on, at least not learning new plays."[2] Nevertheless, he successfully took over the part of Father in John Mortimer's A Voyage Round My Father
A Voyage Round My Father
at the Theatre Royal, Haymarket, also touring Canada and Australia in the role in 1972–73. International touring continued in 1974–75 with a Royal Shakespeare Company production of The Hollow Crown, visiting major venues in the USA, New Zealand and Australia, while in 1976–77 he toured South America, Canada and the UK in the anthology, Shakespeare's People. Redgrave's final theatre appearance came in May 1979 when he portrayed Jasper in Simon Gray's Close of Play, directed on the Lyttelton stage at the National Theatre by Harold Pinter. It was a silent, seated role, based on Gray's own father, who had died a year before he wrote the play. As Gray has said: "Jasper is in fact dead but is forced to endure, as if alive, a traditional English Sunday, helpless in his favourite armchair as his three sons and their wives fall to pieces in the usual English middle class style, sometimes blaming him, sometimes appealing to him for help and sobbing at his feet for forgiveness, but basically ignoring him. In other words I had stuck him in Hell, which turns out to be 'life, old life itself'."[9] His final work, in 1975, a narrative of the epic poem, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, a poem that Redgrave taught as a young schoolmaster and visualised by producer-director Raul da Silva, received six international film festival prizes of which five were first place in category. This work was to be his last before the onslaught of Parkinson's disease.[10] Film and television work[edit] Redgrave first appeared on BBC television at the Alexandra Palace
Alexandra Palace
in 1937, in scenes from Romeo and Juliet. His first major film role was in Alfred Hitchcock's The Lady Vanishes (1938). Redgrave also starred in The Stars Look Down (1940), with James Mason
James Mason
in the film of Robert Ardrey's play Thunder Rock (1942), and in the ventriloquist's dummy episode of the Ealing
Ealing
compendium film Dead of Night
Dead of Night
(1945). His first American film role was opposite Rosalind Russell
Rosalind Russell
in Mourning Becomes Electra (1947), for which he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor. In 1951 he starred in The Browning Version, from Sir Terrence Rattigan's play of the same name. The Daily Mirror described Redgrave's performance as Crocker-Harris as "one of the greatest performances ever seen in films".[11] The 1950s also saw Redgrave in The Importance of Being Earnest (1952), The Dambusters (1954) with his portrayal of the inventor Barnes Wallis, 1984 (1956), Time Without Pity
Time Without Pity
(1957), for which he was nominated for a BAFTA Award, and The Quiet American (1958). Notable television performances include narration for The Great War (1964), a history of the First World War using stills and 'stretched' archive film, and the less successful Lost Peace series (BBC Television, 1964 and 1966). Of the latter, Philip Purser wrote: "The commentary, spoken by Sir Michael Redgrave, took on an unremittingly pessimistic tone from the outset."[12] Personal life[edit] Family[edit] Main article: Redgrave family Redgrave was married to the actress Rachel Kempson
Rachel Kempson
for 50 years from 1935 until his death. Their children Vanessa (b. 1937), Corin (1939–2010) and Lynn Redgrave
Lynn Redgrave
(1943–2010), and their grandchildren: Natasha Richardson
Natasha Richardson
(1963–2009), Joely Richardson
Joely Richardson
(b. 1965) and Jemma Redgrave
Jemma Redgrave
(b. 1965) are also involved in theatre or film as actors. Their grandson Carlo Gabriel Nero is a screenwriter and film director; only Luke Redgrave has taken a path outside the theatre. His daughter Lynn wrote a one-woman play for herself called Shakespeare for My Father. She was nominated for Broadway's Tony Award for this role. She traced her love for Shakespeare as a way of following and finding her often absent father.[13] Redgrave owned White Roding Windmill
White Roding Windmill
from 1937 to 1946.[14] He and his family lived in "Bedford House" on Chiswick
Chiswick
Mall from 1945 to 1954.[15] His entry for Who's Who in the Theatre (1981) gives his address as Wilks Water, Odiham, Hampshire. Bisexuality[edit] Corin helped his father in the writing of his last autobiography. During one of Corin's visits to his father, the latter said, "There is something I ought to tell you". Then, after a very long pause, "I am, to say the least of it, bisexual". Corin encouraged him to acknowledge his bisexuality in the book. Michael agreed to do so, but in the end he chose to remain silent about it.[5]:p.274 Alan Strachan's 2004 biography of Redgrave discusses his affairs with both men and women.[16] Although Redgrave had some long-term relationships with men, he also was prone to cruising Victoria or Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
for what he called "a necessary degradation", a habit of quick pick-ups that left him with a lasting sense of self-disgust.[17] The 1996 BBC documentary film Michael Redgrave: My Father, narrated by Corin Redgrave, and based on his book of the same name, discusses the older actor's bisexuality in some depth.[18] Rachel Kempson
Rachel Kempson
recounted that, when she proposed to him, Redgrave said that there were "difficulties to do with his nature, and that he felt he ought not to marry". She said that she understood, it didn't matter and that she loved him.[19] To this, Redgrave replied, "Very well. If you're sure, we will".[20] During the filming of Fritz Lang's Secret Beyond the Door (1948), Redgrave met Bob Michell. They became lovers. Michell set up house close to the Redgraves, and he became a surrogate "uncle" to Redgrave's children (then aged 11, 9 and 5), who adored him. Michell later had children of his own, including a son he named Michael.[5]:p.193 Fred Sadoff was an actor/director who became Redgrave's assistant and lover; they shared lodgings in New York and London.[5]:p.178–183 A card was found among Redgrave's effects after his death. The card was signed "Tommy, Liverpool, January 1940", and on it were the words (quoted from W.H. Auden): "The word is love. Surely one fearless kiss would cure the million fevers".[21] Illness and death[edit] In 1976, after suffering symptoms for many years, Redgrave was diagnosed with rapidly advancing Parkinson's disease. He began a regimen of therapies and medications that caused disorientation and other side effects. Costs for his healthcare expenses and his diminished earning power caused the family to apply for public assistance from the King George's Pension Fund. In an interview on his seventieth birthday, he said: "For a long time, nobody understood the Parkinson's condition, and directors thought I was just forgetful or drunk--and even now the work isn't easy. The difficulty is not just remembering lines but getting from place to place."[5]:p.258 Redgrave died in a nursing home in Denham, Buckinghamshire
Denham, Buckinghamshire
on 21 March 1985, from Parkinson's disease, one day after his 77th birthday and his ashes were scattered in the garden of St Paul's, Covent Garden (The Actors’ Church), London.[22] Honours, awards and appointments[edit] In 1951 Redgrave received the Best Actor Award (Cannes Film Festival) for The Browning Version. Redgrave twice (1958 and 1963) won Best Actor trophies in the Evening Standard Awards and twice received the Variety Club of Great Britain
Variety Club of Great Britain
'Actor of the Year' award (in the same years). He was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Order of the British Empire
(CBE) in 1952 and was knighted in 1959. He was also appointed Commander of the Order of the Dannebrog, Denmark in 1955. Redgrave became the First President of the English Speaking Board in 1953, and President of the Questors Theatre, Ealing
Ealing
in 1958. In 1966, he received an honorary DLitt degree from the University of Bristol. In 1986, he was inducted posthumously into the American Theater Hall of Fame.[23] The Redgrave Theatre in Farnham, Surrey, 1974–1998, was named in his honour. Box office ranking[edit] For a number of years, British film exhibitors voted him among the top ten British stars at the box office via an annual poll in the Motion Picture Herald.

1946: 4th[24] 1951: 9th[25]

Filmography[edit]

Sir Michael Redgrave
Michael Redgrave
by Allan Warren, 1973

Film[edit]

Year Title Role Notes

1938 The Lady Vanishes Gilbert First major role

Climbing High Nicky Brooke

1939 Stolen Life Alan MacKenzie

1940 The Stars Look Down Davey Fenwick

A Window in London Peter Released as Lady in Distress in USA

1941 Kipps Kipps Released as The Remarkable Mr. Kipps in USA

Atlantic Ferry Charles MacIver

Jeannie Stanley Smith

1942 The Big Blockade Russian

Thunder Rock David Charleston

1945 The Way to the Stars David Archdale Released as Johnny in the Clouds in USA

Dead of Night Maxwell Frere

1946 The Captive Heart Captain Karel Hasek

The Years Between Michael Wentworth

1947 The Man Within Richard Carlyon Released as The Smugglers in the USA

Fame Is the Spur Hamer Radshaw

Mourning Becomes Electra Orin Mannon

Secret Beyond the Door... Mark Lamphere

1951 The Browning Version Andrew Crocker-Harris

The Magic Box Mr Lege

1952 The Importance of Being Earnest Jack/Ernest Worthing

1954 The Green Scarf Maitre Deliot

The Sea Shall Not Have Them Air Commodore Waltby

1955 The Night My Number Came Up Air Marshal Hardie

The Dam Busters Barnes Wallis

Mr. Arkadin Burgomil Trebitsch

Oh... Rosalinda!! Colonel Eisenstein

1956 1984 O'Connor

1957 The Happy Road General Medworth

Time Without Pity David Graham

1958 The Quiet American Thomas Fowler

Law and Disorder Percy Brand

Behind the Mask Sir Arthur Benson Gray

1959 Shake Hands with the Devil The General

The Wreck of the Mary Deare Mr Nyland

1961 No My Darling Daughter Sir Matthew Carr

The Innocents The Uncle

1962 The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner Ruxton Towers Reformatory Governor

1963 Uncle Vanya Uncle Vanya

1965 Young Cassidy W. B. Yeats

The Hill The Medical Officer (credited as Sir Michael Redgrave)

The Heroes of Telemark Uncle

1966 Alice in Wonderland Caterpillar (credited as Sir Michael Redgrave)

1967 The 25th Hour Defence lawyer

1968 Assignment K Harris

Heidi Grandfather TV Movie

1969 Oh! What a Lovely War General Sir Henry Wilson

Battle of Britain Air Vice Marshal Evill

Goodbye, Mr. Chips The Headmaster

1970 David Copperfield Dan Peggotty TV Movie

Connecting Rooms James Wallraven

Goodbye Gemini James Harrington-Smith

1971 The Go-Between Leo Colston

A Christmas Carol (1971) Narrator Voice

Nicholas and Alexandra Sazonov

1972 The Last Target Erik Fritsch

1975 Rime of the Ancient Mariner The Ancient Mariner narration, (final film role)

Radio appearances[edit]

Year Programme Episode/source

1952 Theatre Guild on the Air The Unguarded Hour[26]

1953 Theatre Guild on the Air Jane[27]

Theatre[edit]

Year Title Role Director Playwright(s) Theatre

1936 Love's Labours Lost Ferdinand

William Shakespeare Old Vic
Old Vic
Theatre, London

1936-37 The Witch of Edmonton Warbeck Saint Denis Thomas Dekker Old Vic
Old Vic
Theatre, London

1936-37 As You Like It Orlando Ejme Church William Shakespeare Old Vic
Old Vic
Theatre, London

1936-37 The Country Wife Mr Horner Tyrone Gathrie William Wycherley Old Vic
Old Vic
Theatre, London

1937 The Bat Anderson

Mary Roberts Rinehart
Mary Roberts Rinehart
and Avery Hopwood Embassy Theatre

A Ship Comes Home Christopher Drew

Daisy Fisher St Martins Theatre

1938 The White Guard Alexi Turbin

Mikhail Bulgakov Phoenix Theatre

Twelfth Night Sir Andrew Agnechek

William Shakespeare Phoenix Theatre

1939 The Family Reunion Harry, Lord Monchesney

T. S. Eliot Westminster Theatre

1940 The Beggar's Opera Captain Macheath

John Gay Theatre Royal, Haymarket

1943 A Month in the Country Rakitin

Ivan Turgenev St James' Theatre

1947 Macbeth Macbeth

William Shakespeare Aldwych Theatre

1958 A Touch of the Sun Philip Lester

N. C. Hunter Saville Theatre

1959 The Aspern Papers H.J

Henry James Queen's Theatre, London

1960 The Tiger and the Horse Jack Dean Frith Banbury Robert Bolt Queen's Theatre, London

1961 The Complaisant Lover Victor Rhodes

Graham Greene Ethel Barrymore Theatre, New York

1962 Out of Bounds Launcelot Dodd MA

Arthur Watkyn Wyndham's Theatre

1962-63 Uncle Vanya Uncle Vanya Laurence Olivier Anton Chekhov Chichester Festival Theatre

1963 Hamlet King Claudius Laurence Olivier William Shakespeare National Theatre

1964 Hobson's Choice Henry Horatio Hobson

Harold Brighouse National Theatre

1971 The Old Boys Mr Jaraby

William Trevor Mermaid Theatre

A Voyage Round My Father Father

John Mortimer Theatre Royal, Haymarket

1979 Close of Play Jasper

Simon Gray National Theatre

Writings[edit] Redgrave wrote five books:

Water Music for a Botanist W. Heffer, Cambridge (1929) Poem The Actor's Ways and Means Heinemann (1953) Mask or Face: Reflections in an Actor's Mirror Heinemann (1958) The Mountebank's Tale Heinemann (1959) In My Mind's I: An Actor's Autobiography Viking (1983) ISBN 0-670-14233-6

His plays include The Seventh Man and Circus Boy, both performed at the Liverpool Playhouse
Liverpool Playhouse
in 1935, and his adaptations of A Woman in Love (Amourese) at the Embassy Theatre in 1949 and the Henry James novella The Aspern Papers
The Aspern Papers
at the Queen's Theatre
Queen's Theatre
in 1959. References[edit]

^ Michael Redgrave: My Father, 1996 BBC documentary film narrated by his son Corin Redgrave, based on his book of the same name; produced and directed by Roger Michell ^ a b c d The Great Stage Stars, Sheridan Morley ^ Redgrave provided his friend the actor and writer Godfrey Winn (also in the Navy at the time), with a memorable signal his ship made. The aircraft carrier HMS Illustrious was in collision with another carrier, HMS Formidable in poor weather visibility in the Atlantic, after the collision Illustrious signalled: "If you touch me in that place again, I shall scream". Winn, Godfrey (1944). Home from Sea. London: Hutchinson & Co. p. 115.  ^ The Great Stage Stars, Sheridan Morley, and Who's Who in the Theatre 1981 ^ a b c d e Spoto, Donald (2012). The Redgraves: A Family Epic. New York: Random House. ISBN 978-0307720146.  ^ Michael Billington State of the Nation: British Theatre Since 1945, London: Faber, 2007, p.142 ISBN 978-0-571-21034-3 ^ The National: 1963–1997 by Simon Callow, Nick Hern Books (1997) ISBN 1-85459-323-4 ^ "Michael Redgrave". Performances. Glyndebourne. Archived from the original on 6 November 2013. Retrieved 6 November 2013.  ^ An Unnatural Pursuit and Other Pieces by Simon Gray, Faber (1985) ^ Bowker's Complete Video Directory, Volume 4. New York: R.R. Bowker. 1998. p. 1972. ISBN 978-0835240147.  ^ Geoffrey Wansell, Terence Rattigan, p. 213 ^ Halliwell's Television Companion Third Edition, Grafton Books (1986) ^ Vellela, Tony (28 May 1993). "From our files: An interview with Lynn Redgrave". The Christian Science Monitor:. Retrieved 6 November 2013.  ^ Farries, Kenneth (1985). Essex Windmills, Millers and Millwrights – Volume Four – A Review by Parishes, F-R. Edinburgh: Charles Skilton. pp. 121–123. ISBN 0-284-98647-X.  ^ Roe, William P., Glimpses of Chiswick's Development, 1999, ISBN 0-9516512-2-6, page 94 ^ [1][permanent dead link] ^ Barber, Lynn (28 Apr 2004). "His necessary degradations". The Telegraph. Retrieved 6 November 2013.  ^ "Corin Redgrave, Actor and Activist, Dies at 70". The New York Times. 6 April 2010. Retrieved 3 January 2013.  ^ " Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
'Grieving and Glorying' After Sister Lynn Redgrave's Death". ABC News. 2010.  ^ "Rachel Kempson, 92, Matriarch of Acting Family". The New York Times. 26 May 2003. Retrieved 3 January 2013.  ^ "Sir Michael Redgrave
Michael Redgrave
(1908–1985)". OutStories Bristol. Retrieved 6 November 2013.  ^ Wilson, Scott. Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed.: 2 (Kindle Location 38997). McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. Kindle Edition. ^ "9 Stage Veterans Enter Theater Hall of Fame". New York Times. April 22, 1986.  ^ "FILM WORLD". The West Australian. Perth: National Library of Australia. 28 February 1947. p. 20 Edition: SECOND EDITION. Retrieved 27 April 2012.  ^ "Vivien Leigh Actress of the Year". Townsville Daily Bulletin. Qld.: National Library of Australia. 29 December 1951. p. 1. Retrieved 27 April 2012.  ^ Kirby, Walter (December 28, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 36. Retrieved June 5, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ Kirby, Walter (January 11, 1953). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 42. Retrieved June 19, 2015 – via Newspapers.com. 

Further reading[edit]

Who's Who in the Theatre 17th edition, Gale (1981) ISBN 0-8103-0235-7 Theatre Record and its annual Indexes The Great Stage Stars by Sheridan Morley, Angus & Robertson (1986) ISBN 0-207-14970-4

External links[edit]

Michael Redgrave
Michael Redgrave
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Michael Redgrave
Michael Redgrave
at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Michael Redgrave
Michael Redgrave
on IMDb Michael Redgrave
Michael Redgrave
at the British Film Institute's Screenonline The Sir Michael Redgrave
Michael Redgrave
Archive is held by the Victoria and Albert Museum Theatre and Performance Department.

Awards for Michael Redgrave

v t e

Evening Standard Theatre Award for Best Actor

1955-1959

Richard Burton
Richard Burton
(1955) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
(1956) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1957) Michael Redgrave
Michael Redgrave
(1958) Eric Porter (1959)

1960-1969

Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1960) Christopher Plummer
Christopher Plummer
(1961) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
(1962) Michael Redgrave
Michael Redgrave
(1963) Nicol Williamson
Nicol Williamson
(1964) Ian Holm
Ian Holm
(1965) Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(1966) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1967) Alec McCowen
Alec McCowen
(1968) Nicol Williamson
Nicol Williamson
(1969)

1970–1979

John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1970) Alan Bates
Alan Bates
(1971) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1972) Alec McCowen
Alec McCowen
(1973) John Wood (1974) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1975) Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(1976) Donald Sinden
Donald Sinden
(1977) Alan Howard (1978) Warren Mitchell
Warren Mitchell
(1979)

1980–1989

Tom Courtenay
Tom Courtenay
(1980) Alan Howard (1981) Alec McCowen
Alec McCowen
(1982) Derek Jacobi
Derek Jacobi
(1983) Ian McKellen
Ian McKellen
(1984) Antony Sher (1985) Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(1986) Michael Gambon
Michael Gambon
(1987) Eric Porter (1988) Ian McKellen
Ian McKellen
(1989)

1990–1999

Richard Harris
Richard Harris
(1990) John Wood (1991) Nigel Hawthorne (1992) Ian Holm
Ian Holm
(1993) Tom Courtenay
Tom Courtenay
(1994) Michael Gambon
Michael Gambon
(1995) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
(1996) Ian Holm
Ian Holm
(1997) Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
(1998) Stephen Dillane
Stephen Dillane
(1999)

2000–2009

Simon Russell Beale
Simon Russell Beale
(2000) Alex Jennings (2001) Simon Russell Beale
Simon Russell Beale
(2002) Michael Sheen
Michael Sheen
(2003) Richard Griffiths
Richard Griffiths
(2004) Simon Russell Beale
Simon Russell Beale
(2005) Rufus Sewell
Rufus Sewell
(2006) Patrick Stewart
Patrick Stewart
(2007) Chiwetel Ejiofor
Chiwetel Ejiofor
(2008) Mark Rylance
Mark Rylance
(2009)

2010–9999

Rory Kinnear
Rory Kinnear
(2010) Benedict Cumberbatch
Benedict Cumberbatch
and Jonny Lee Miller
Jonny Lee Miller
(2011) Simon Russell Beale
Simon Russell Beale
(2012) Adrian Lester and Rory Kinnear
Rory Kinnear
(2013) Tom Hiddleston
Tom Hiddleston
(2014) James McAvoy
James McAvoy
(2015) Ralph Fiennes
Ralph Fiennes
(2016) Andrew Garfield
Andrew Garfield
(2017)

v t e

Cannes Film Festival Best Actor Award

1946-1975

Ray Milland
Ray Milland
(1946) Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(1949) Michael Redgrave
Michael Redgrave
(1951) Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
(1952) Charles Vanel
Charles Vanel
(1953) Spencer Tracy/cast of Bolshaya Semya (1955) John Kitzmiller
John Kitzmiller
(1957) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1958) Bradford Dillman/Dean Stockwell/ Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1959) Anthony Perkins
Anthony Perkins
(1961) Dean Stockwell/Jason Robards/Ralph Richardson/ Murray Melvin
Murray Melvin
(1962) Richard Harris
Richard Harris
(1963) Antal Páger/ Saro Urzì
Saro Urzì
(1964) Terence Stamp
Terence Stamp
(1965) Per Oscarsson
Per Oscarsson
(1966) Oded Kotler
Oded Kotler
(1967) Jean-Louis Trintignant
Jean-Louis Trintignant
(1969) Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1970) Riccardo Cucciolla
Riccardo Cucciolla
(1971) Jean Yanne (1972) Giancarlo Giannini
Giancarlo Giannini
(1973) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1974) Vittorio Gassman
Vittorio Gassman
(1975)

1976-2000

José Luis Gómez
José Luis Gómez
(1976) Fernando Rey
Fernando Rey
(1977) Jon Voight
Jon Voight
(1978) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1979) Michel Piccoli
Michel Piccoli
(1980) Ugo Tognazzi
Ugo Tognazzi
(1981) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1982) Gian Maria Volontè
Gian Maria Volontè
(1983) Alfredo Landa/ Francisco Rabal
Francisco Rabal
(1984) William Hurt
William Hurt
(1985) Michel Blanc/ Bob Hoskins
Bob Hoskins
(1986) Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1987) Forest Whitaker
Forest Whitaker
(1988) James Spader
James Spader
(1989) Gérard Depardieu
Gérard Depardieu
(1990) John Turturro
John Turturro
(1991) Tim Robbins
Tim Robbins
(1992) David Thewlis
David Thewlis
(1993) Ge You (1994) Jonathan Pryce
Jonathan Pryce
(1995) Pascal Duquenne/ Daniel Auteuil
Daniel Auteuil
(1996) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(1997) Peter Mullan
Peter Mullan
(1998) Emmanuel Schotte (1999) Tony Leung Chiu-wai
Tony Leung Chiu-wai
(2000)

2001-present

Benoît Magimel
Benoît Magimel
(2001) Olivier Gourmet
Olivier Gourmet
(2002) Muzaffer Ozdemir/Emin Toprak (2003) Yūya Yagira (2004) Tommy Lee Jones
Tommy Lee Jones
(2005) Jamel Debbouze/Samy Naceri/Roschdy Zem/Sami Bouajila/Bernard Blancan (2006) Konstantin Lavronenko (2007) Benicio del Toro
Benicio del Toro
(2008) Christoph Waltz
Christoph Waltz
(2009) Javier Bardem/ Elio Germano
Elio Germano
(2010) Jean Dujardin
Jean Dujardin
(2011) Mads Mikkelsen
Mads Mikkelsen
(2012) Bruce Dern
Bruce Dern
(2013) Timothy Spall
Timothy Spall
(2014) Vincent Lindon
Vincent Lindon
(2015) Shahab Hosseini
Shahab Hosseini
(2016) Joaquin Phoenix
Joaquin Phoenix
(2017)

v t e

National Board of Review Award for Best Actor

Ray Milland
Ray Milland
(1945) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1946) Michael Redgrave
Michael Redgrave
(1947) Walter Huston
Walter Huston
(1948) Ralph Richardson
Ralph Richardson
(1949) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1950) Richard Basehart
Richard Basehart
(1951) Ralph Richardson
Ralph Richardson
(1952) James Mason
James Mason
(1953) Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
(1954) Ernest Borgnine
Ernest Borgnine
(1955) Yul Brynner
Yul Brynner
(1956) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1957) Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
(1958) Victor Sjöström
Victor Sjöström
(1959) Robert Mitchum
Robert Mitchum
(1960) Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(1961) Jason Robards
Jason Robards
(1962) Rex Harrison
Rex Harrison
(1963) Anthony Quinn
Anthony Quinn
(1964) Lee Marvin
Lee Marvin
(1965) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
(1966) Peter Finch
Peter Finch
(1967) Cliff Robertson
Cliff Robertson
(1968) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(1969) George C. Scott
George C. Scott
(1970) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1971) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(1972) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
/ Robert Ryan
Robert Ryan
(1973) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1974) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1975) David Carradine
David Carradine
(1976) John Travolta
John Travolta
(1977) Jon Voight
Jon Voight
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1978) Peter Sellers
Peter Sellers
(1979) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(1980) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1981) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(1982) Tom Conti
Tom Conti
(1983) Victor Banerjee
Victor Banerjee
(1984) William Hurt
William Hurt
/ Raúl Juliá
Raúl Juliá
(1985) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1986) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(1987) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1988) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(1989) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
/ Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(1990) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1991) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1992) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1993) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(1994) Nicolas Cage
Nicolas Cage
(1995) Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
(1996) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1997) Ian McKellen
Ian McKellen
(1998) Russell Crowe
Russell Crowe
(1999) Javier Bardem
Javier Bardem
(2000) Billy Bob Thornton
Billy Bob Thornton
(2001) Campbell Scott
Campbell Scott
(2002) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2003) Jamie Foxx
Jamie Foxx
(2004) Philip Seymour Hoffman
Philip Seymour Hoffman
(2005) Forest Whitaker
Forest Whitaker
(2006) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2007) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2008) George Clooney
George Clooney
/ Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2009) Jesse Eisenberg
Jesse Eisenberg
(2010) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2011) Bradley Cooper
Bradley Cooper
(2012) Bruce Dern
Bruce Dern
(2013) Michael Keaton
Michael Keaton
/ Oscar Isaac
Oscar Isaac
(2014) Matt Damon
Matt Damon
(2015) Casey Affleck
Casey Affleck
(2016) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 64163491 LCCN: n82220456 ISNI: 0000 0001 2136 6632 GND: 119542536 SUDOC: 05025829X BNF: cb13521720n (data) MusicBrainz: 4c088473-b572-417a-97b3-a9ced38449d9 BNE: XX1172909 SN

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