MICHAEL JEFFREY JORDAN (born February 17, 1963), also known by his
initials, MJ, is an American retired professional basketball player,
businessman , and principal owner and chairman of the Charlotte
Hornets . Jordan played 15 seasons in the National Basketball
Association (NBA) for the
Chicago Bulls and
Washington Wizards . His
biography on the NBA website states: "By acclamation, Michael Jordan
is the greatest basketball player of all time." Jordan was one of the
most effectively marketed athletes of his generation and was
considered instrumental in popularizing the NBA around the world in
the 1980s and 1990s.
Jordan played three seasons for coach
Dean Smith at the University of
North Carolina . As a freshman, he was a member of the Tar Heels\'
national championship team in 1982 . Jordan joined the Bulls in 1984
as the third overall draft pick. He quickly emerged as a league star,
entertaining crowds with his prolific scoring. His leaping ability,
demonstrated by performing slam dunks from the free throw line in slam
dunk contests , earned him the nicknames AIR JORDAN and HIS AIRNESS.
He also gained a reputation for being one of the best defensive
players in basketball. In 1991 , he won his first NBA championship
with the Bulls, and followed that achievement with titles in 1992 and
1993 , securing a "three-peat ". Although Jordan abruptly retired from
basketball before the beginning of the
1993–94 NBA season to pursue
a new venture in minor league baseball , he returned to the Bulls in
March 1995 and led them to three additional championships in 1996 ,
1997 , and 1998 , as well as a then-record 72 regular-season wins in
the 1995–96 NBA season. Jordan retired for a second time in January
1999 , but returned for two more NBA seasons from 2001 to 2003 as a
member of the Wizards.
Jordan's individual accolades and accomplishments include five Most
Valuable Player (MVP) Awards , ten All-NBA First Team designations,
nine All-Defensive First Team honors, fourteen NBA All-Star Game
appearances, three All-Star Game MVP Awards , ten scoring titles ,
three steals titles, six
NBA Finals MVP Awards , and the 1988 NBA
Defensive Player of the Year Award . Among his numerous
accomplishments, Jordan holds the NBA records for highest career
regular season scoring average (30.12 points per game) and highest
career playoff scoring average (33.45 points per game). In 1999, he
was named the greatest North American athlete of the 20th century by
ESPN , and was second to
Babe Ruth on the
Associated Press 's list of
athletes of the century. Jordan is a two-time inductee into the
Basketball Hall of Fame , having been enshrined in 2009 for his
individual career, and again in 2010 as part of the group induction of
the 1992 United States men\'s Olympic basketball team ("The Dream
Team"). He became a member of the
FIBA Hall of Fame in 2015.
Jordan is also known for his product endorsements. He fueled the
success of Nike\'s
Air Jordan sneakers, which were introduced in 1985
and remain popular today. Jordan also starred in the 1996 feature
Space Jam as himself. In 2006, he became part-owner and head of
basketball operations for the then-Charlotte Bobcats, buying a
controlling interest in 2010. In 2015, Jordan became the first
billionaire NBA player in history as a result of the increase in value
of NBA franchises. He is the third-richest African-American, behind
Oprah Winfrey and Robert F. Smith .
* 1 Early years
* 2 High school career
* 3 College career
* 4 Professional career
* 4.1 Early NBA years (1984–1987)
* 4.2 Pistons roadblock (1987–1990)
* 4.3 First three-peat (1991–1993)
* 4.3.1 Gambling controversy
* 4.4 First retirement and stint in minor league baseball
* 4.5 "I\'m back": Return to the NBA (1995)
* 4.6 Second three-peat (1995–1998)
* 4.7 Second retirement (1999–2001)
Washington Wizards comeback (2001–2003)
* 5 Olympic career
* 6 Post-retirement
* 6.1 Charlotte Bobcats/Hornets
* 7 Player profile
* 8 NBA career statistics
* 8.1 Regular season
* 8.2 Playoffs
* 9 Legacy
* 10 Personal life
* 11 Media figure and business interests
* 12 Awards and honors
* 13 See also
* 14 Notes
* 15 References
* 16 Bibliography
* 17 Further reading
* 18 External links
Jordan was born in
Brooklyn , New York , to Deloris (née Peoples),
who worked in banking, and
James R. Jordan Sr. , an equipment
supervisor. His family moved to
Wilmington, North Carolina
Wilmington, North Carolina , when he
was a toddler.
Jordan is the fourth of five children. He has two older brothers,
Larry Jordan and James R. Jordan, Jr., one older sister, Deloris, and
one younger sister, Roslyn. Jordan's brother James retired in 2006 as
Sergeant Major of the 35th Signal Brigade of the XVIII
Airborne Corps in the U.S. Army.
HIGH SCHOOL CAREER
Jordan getting ready to slam-dunk for the Laney High School
varsity basketball team in 1979–80.
Emsley A. Laney High School in Wilmington, where he
highlighted his athletic career by playing basketball, baseball, and
football . He tried out for the varsity basketball team during his
sophomore year, but at 5'11" (1.80 m), he was deemed too short to play
at that level. His taller friend, Harvest Leroy Smith , was the only
sophomore to make the team.
Motivated to prove his worth, Jordan became the star of Laney's
junior varsity squad, and tallied several 40-point games. The
following summer, he grew four inches (10 cm) and trained
rigorously. Upon earning a spot on the varsity roster, Jordan averaged
about 20 points per game over his final two seasons of high school
play. As a senior , he was selected to the McDonald\'s All-American
Team after averaging a triple-double : 29.2 points, 11.6 rebounds ,
and 10.1 assists .
Jordan was recruited by numerous college basketball programs,
including Duke , North Carolina , South Carolina , Syracuse , and
Virginia . In 1981, Jordan accepted a basketball scholarship to North
Carolina, where he majored in cultural geography .
Jordan's jersey in the rafters of The
Dean Smith Center
As a freshman in coach
Dean Smith 's team-oriented system, he was
named ACC Freshman of the Year after he averaged 13.4 points per game
(ppg) on 53.4% shooting (field goal percentage ). He made the
game-winning jump shot in the 1982 NCAA Championship game against
Georgetown , which was led by future NBA rival
Patrick Ewing . Jordan
later described this shot as the major turning point in his basketball
career. During his three seasons at North Carolina, he averaged 17.7
ppg on 54.0% shooting, and added 5.0 rebounds per game (rpg). He was
selected by consensus to the NCAA All-American First Team in both his
sophomore (1983) and junior (1984) seasons. After winning the Naismith
and the Wooden College Player of the Year awards in 1984, Jordan left
North Carolina one year before his scheduled graduation to enter the
NBA draft . The
Chicago Bulls selected Jordan with the third
overall pick, after
Hakeem Olajuwon (
Houston Rockets ) and Sam Bowie
Portland Trail Blazers
Portland Trail Blazers ). One of the primary reasons why Jordan was
not drafted sooner was because the first two teams were in need of a
center . However, Trail Blazers general manager
Stu Inman contended
that it was not a matter of drafting a center, but more a matter of
Sam Bowie over Jordan, in part because Portland already had
Clyde Drexler , who was a guard with similar skills to Jordan.
citing Bowie's injury-laden college career, named the Blazers' choice
of Bowie as the worst draft pick in North American professional sports
history. Jordan returned to North Carolina to complete his degree in
EARLY NBA YEARS (1984–1987)
During his rookie season in the NBA, Jordan averaged 28.2 ppg on
51.5% shooting. He quickly became a fan favorite even in opposing
arenas, and appeared on the cover of
Sports Illustrated with the
heading "A Star Is Born" just over a month into his professional
career. Jordan was also voted in as an All-Star starter by the fans
in his rookie season. Controversy arose before the All-Star game when
word surfaced that several veteran players—led by Isiah Thomas
—were upset by the amount of attention Jordan was receiving. This
led to a so-called "freeze-out" on Jordan, where players refused to
pass the ball to him throughout the game. The controversy left Jordan
relatively unaffected when he returned to regular season play, and he
would go on to be voted Rookie of the Year. The Bulls finished the
season 38–44 and lost to the
Milwaukee Bucks in four games in the
first round of the playoffs .
Jordan's second season was cut short when he broke his foot in the
third game of the year, causing him to miss 64 games. Despite
Jordan's injury and a 30–52 record (at the time it was fifth worst
record of any team to qualify for the playoffs in NBA history), the
Bulls made the playoffs . Jordan recovered in time to participate in
the playoffs and performed well upon his return. Against a 1985–86
Boston Celtics team that is often considered one of the greatest in
NBA history, Jordan set the still-unbroken record for points in a
playoff game with 63 in Game 2. The Celtics, however, managed to
sweep the series.
Jordan had completely recovered in time for the 1986–87 season ,
and he had one of the most prolific scoring seasons in NBA history. He
Wilt Chamberlain as the only two players to score 3,000 points
in a season, averaging a league high 37.1 points on 48.2% shooting.
In addition, Jordan demonstrated his defensive prowess, as he became
the first player in NBA history to record 200 steals and 100 blocked
shots in a season. Despite Jordan's success,
Magic Johnson won the
league's Most Valuable Player Award . The Bulls reached 40 wins, and
advanced to the playoffs for the third consecutive year. However, they
were again swept by the Celtics .
PISTONS ROADBLOCK (1987–1990)
Jordan (center) in 1987
Jordan again led the league in scoring during the 1987–88 season ,
averaging 35.0 ppg on 53.5% shooting and won his first league MVP
Award. He was also named the Defensive Player of the Year , as he had
averaged 1.6 blocks and a league high 3.16 steals per game. The Bulls
finished 50–32, and made it out of the first round of the playoffs
for the first time in Jordan's career, as they defeated the Cleveland
Cavaliers in five games. However, the Bulls then lost in five games
to the more experienced
Detroit Pistons , who were led by Isiah
Thomas and a group of physical players known as the "Bad Boys ".
In the 1988–89 season , Jordan again led the league in scoring,
averaging 32.5 ppg on 53.8% shooting from the field, along with 8 rpg
and 8 assists per game (apg). The Bulls finished with a 47–35
record, and advanced to the Eastern Conference Finals, defeating the
New York Knicks
New York Knicks along the way. The Cavaliers series
included a career highlight for Jordan when he hit
The Shot over Craig
Ehlo at the buzzer in the fifth and final game of the series.
However, the Pistons again defeated the Bulls, this time in six games,
by utilizing their "
Jordan Rules " method of guarding Jordan, which
consisted of double and triple teaming him every time he touched the
The Bulls entered the 1989–90 season as a team on the rise, with
their core group of Jordan and young improving players like Scottie
Horace Grant , and under the guidance of new coach Phil
Jackson . Jordan averaged a league leading 33.6 ppg on 52.6% shooting,
to go with 6.9 rpg and 6.3 apg in leading the Bulls to a 55–27
record. They again advanced to the Eastern Conference Finals after
beating the Bucks and
Philadelphia 76ers . However, despite pushing
the series to seven games, the Bulls lost to the Pistons for the third
FIRST THREE-PEAT (1991–1993)
In the 1990–91 season , Jordan won his second MVP award after
averaging 31.5 ppg on 53.9% shooting, 6.0 rpg, and 5.5 apg for the
regular season. The Bulls finished in first place in their division
for the first time in 16 years and set a franchise record with 61 wins
in the regular season. With
Scottie Pippen developing into an
All-Star, the Bulls had elevated their play. The Bulls defeated the
New York Knicks
New York Knicks and the
Philadelphia 76ers in the opening two rounds
of the playoffs . They advanced to the Eastern Conference Finals where
their rival, the
Detroit Pistons , awaited them. However, this time
the Bulls beat the Pistons in a four-game sweep.
The Bulls advanced to the
NBA Finals for the first time in franchise
history to face the
Los Angeles Lakers
Los Angeles Lakers , who had
Magic Johnson and
James Worthy , two formidable opponents. The Bulls won the series four
games to one, and compiled an outstanding 15–2 playoff record along
the way. Perhaps the best known moment of the series came in Game 2
when, attempting a dunk, Jordan avoided a potential
Sam Perkins block
by switching the ball from his right hand to his left in mid-air to
lay the shot into the basket. In his first Finals appearance, Jordan
posted per game averages of 31.2 points on 56% shooting from the
field, 11.4 assists, 6.6 rebounds, 2.8 steals, and 1.4 blocks. Jordan
won his first
NBA Finals MVP award, and he cried while holding the
NBA Finals trophy.
Jordan and the Bulls continued their dominance in the 1991–92
season , establishing a 67–15 record, topping their franchise record
from 1990 to 91. Jordan won his second consecutive MVP award with
averages of 30.1 points, 6.4 rebounds and 6.1 assists per game on 52%
shooting. After winning a physical 7-game series over the New York
Knicks in the second round of the playoffs and finishing off the
Cleveland Cavaliers in the Conference Finals in 6 games, the Bulls met
Clyde Drexler and the
Portland Trail Blazers
Portland Trail Blazers in the Finals . The
media, hoping to recreate a Magic–Bird rivalry , highlighted the
similarities between "Air" Jordan and Clyde "The Glide" during the
pre-Finals hype. In the first game, Jordan scored a Finals-record 35
points in the first half, including a record-setting six three-point
field goals . After the sixth three-pointer, he jogged down the court
shrugging as he looked courtside.
Marv Albert , who broadcast the
game, later stated that it was as if Jordan was saying, "I can't
believe I'm doing this." The Bulls went on to win Game 1, and defeat
the Blazers in six games. Jordan was named Finals MVP for the second
year in a row and finished the series averaging 35.8 ppg, 4.8 rpg,
and 6.5 apg, while shooting 53% from the floor.
In the 1992–93 season , despite a 32.6 ppg, 6.7 rpg, and 5.5 apg
campaign, Jordan's streak of consecutive MVP seasons ended as he lost
the award to his friend
Charles Barkley . Coincidentally, Jordan and
the Bulls met Barkley and his
Phoenix Suns in the
1993 NBA Finals .
The Bulls won their third NBA championship on a game-winning shot by
John Paxson and a last-second block by
Horace Grant , but Jordan was
once again Chicago's leader. He averaged a Finals-record 41.0 ppg
during the six-game series, and became the first player in NBA
history to win three straight Finals MVP awards. He scored more than
30 points in every game of the series, including 40 or more points in
4 consecutive games. With his third Finals triumph, Jordan capped off
a seven-year run where he attained seven scoring titles and three
championships, but there were signs that Jordan was tiring of his
massive celebrity and all of the non-basketball hassles in his life.
During the Bulls' playoff run in 1993 , controversy arose when Jordan
was seen gambling in
Atlantic City, New Jersey
Atlantic City, New Jersey , the night before a
game against the
New York Knicks
New York Knicks . In that same year, he admitted
that he had to cover $57,000 in gambling losses, and author Richard
Esquinas wrote a book claiming he had won $1.25 million from Jordan on
the golf course. In 2005, Jordan talked to
Ed Bradley of the CBS
60 Minutes about his gambling and admitted that he made
some reckless decisions. Jordan stated, "Yeah, I've gotten myself into
situations where I would not walk away and I've pushed the envelope.
Is that compulsive? Yeah, it depends on how you look at it. If you're
willing to jeopardize your livelihood and your family, then yeah."
When Bradley asked him if his gambling ever got to the level where it
jeopardized his livelihood or family, Jordan replied, "No."
FIRST RETIREMENT AND STINT IN MINOR LEAGUE BASEBALL (1993–1994)
BIRMINGHAM BARONS – NO. 45 text-align:left;">
Birmingham Barons (1994–1995)
Scottsdale Scorpions (1994)
Jordan in training with the
On October 6, 1993, Jordan announced his retirement, citing a loss of
desire to play the game. Jordan later stated that the death of his
father earlier in the year also shaped his decision. Jordan's father
was murdered on July 23, 1993, at a highway rest area in Lumberton,
North Carolina , by two teenagers, Daniel Green and Larry Martin
Demery, who carjacked the luxury vehicle. The assailants were traced
from calls that they made on James Jordan's cellular phone. The two
criminals were caught, convicted at trial, and sentenced to life in
prison. Jordan was close to his father; as a child he had imitated his
father's proclivity to stick out his tongue while absorbed in work. He
later adopted it as his own signature, displaying it each time he
drove to the basket. In 1996, he founded a
Chicago area Boys he would
later comment that Jordan "didn't look like the old Michael Jordan"
and that "No. 45 doesn't explode like No. 23 used to."
Jordan responded by scoring 38 points in the next game, which Chicago
won. Before the game, Jordan decided that he would resume wearing his
former number, 23, immediately. The Bulls were fined $25,000 for
failing to report the impromptu number change to the NBA. Jordan was
fined an additional $5,000 for opting to wear white shoes as the rest
of the Bulls wore black. He averaged 31 points per game in the
series, but Orlando won the series in 6 games.
SECOND THREE-PEAT (1995–1998)
Freshly motivated by the playoff defeat, Jordan trained aggressively
for the 1995–96 season . Strengthened by the addition of rebound
Dennis Rodman , the Bulls dominated the league, starting
the season 41–3, and eventually finishing with the then-best
regular season record in NBA history (later surpassed by the 2015–16
Golden State Warriors
Golden State Warriors ): 72–10. Jordan led the league in scoring
with 30.4 ppg, and won the league's regular season and All-Star Game
In the playoffs , the Bulls lost only three games in four series
Miami Heat 3–0,
New York Knicks
New York Knicks 4–1,
Orlando Magic 4–0). They
defeated the Seattle SuperSonics 4–2 in the
NBA Finals to win their
fourth championship. Jordan was named Finals MVP for a record fourth
Magic Johnson 's three Finals MVP awards. He also
achieved only the second sweep of the MVP Awards in the All-Star Game,
regular season and NBA Finals,
Willis Reed having achieved the first,
during the 1969–70 season . Because this was Jordan's first
championship since his father's murder, and it was won on Father\'s
Day , Jordan reacted very emotionally upon winning the title,
including a memorable scene of him crying on the locker room floor
with the game ball.
In the 1996–97 season , the Bulls started out 69–11, but missed
out on a second consecutive 70-win season by losing their final two
games to finish 69–13. However, this year Jordan was beaten for the
NBA MVP Award by
Karl Malone . The Bulls again advanced to the Finals
, where they faced Malone and the
Utah Jazz . The series against the
Jazz featured two of the more memorable clutch moments of Jordan's
career. He won Game 1 for the Bulls with a buzzer-beating jump shot.
In Game 5, with the series tied at 2, Jordan played despite being
feverish and dehydrated from a stomach virus. In what is known as the
"Flu Game ", Jordan scored 38 points, including the game-deciding
3-pointer with 25 seconds remaining. The Bulls won 90–88 and went
on to win the series in six games. For the fifth time in as many
Finals appearances, Jordan received the Finals MVP award . During the
NBA All-Star Game , Jordan posted the first triple double in
All-Star Game history in a victorious effort; however, he did not
receive the MVP award. Jordan with coach
Phil Jackson in 1997
Jordan and the Bulls compiled a 62–20 record in the 1997–98
season . Jordan led the league with 28.7 points per game, securing
his fifth regular-season MVP award, plus honors for All-NBA First
Team, First Defensive Team and the All-Star Game MVP. The Bulls won
the Eastern Conference Championship for a third straight season,
including surviving a seven-game series with the
Indiana Pacers in the
Eastern Conference Finals; it was the first time Jordan had played in
a Game 7 since the 1992 Eastern Conference Semifinals with the Knicks
. After winning, they moved on for a rematch with the Jazz in the
The Bulls returned to the
Delta Center for Game 6 on June 14, 1998,
leading the series 3–2. Jordan executed a series of plays,
considered to be one of the greatest clutch performances in NBA Finals
history. With the Bulls trailing 86–83 with 41.9 seconds remaining
in the fourth quarter,
Phil Jackson called a timeout. When play
resumed, Jordan received the inbound pass, drove to the basket, and
hit a shot over several Jazz defenders, cutting the Utah lead to
86–85. The Jazz brought the ball upcourt and passed the ball to
forward Karl Malone, who was set up in the low post and was being
guarded by Rodman. Malone jostled with Rodman and caught the pass, but
Jordan cut behind him and took the ball out of his hands for a steal.
Jordan then dribbled down the court and paused, eyeing his defender,
Bryon Russell . With 10 seconds remaining, Jordan started
to dribble right, then crossed over to his left, possibly pushing off
Russell, although the officials did not call a foul . With 5.2
seconds left, Jordan gave
Chicago an 87–86 lead with a game-winning
jumper, the climactic shot of his Bulls career. Afterwards, John
Stockton missed a game-winning three-pointer. Jordan and the Bulls won
their sixth NBA championship and second three-peat. Once again, Jordan
was voted the Finals MVP, having led all scorers averaging 33.5
points per game, including 45 in the deciding Game 6. Jordan's six
Finals MVPs is a record; Shaquille O\'Neal ,
Magic Johnson , LeBron
Tim Duncan are tied for second place with three apiece. The
1998 Finals holds the highest television rating of any Finals series
in history. Game 6 also holds the highest television rating of any
game in NBA history.
SECOND RETIREMENT (1999–2001)
Plaque at the
United Center chronicling Jordan's career
Phil Jackson 's contract expiring, the pending departures of
Scottie Pippen and
Dennis Rodman looming, and being in the latter
stages of an owner-induced lockout of NBA players, Jordan retired for
the second time on January 13, 1999. On January 19, 2000, Jordan
returned to the NBA not as a player, but as part owner and President
Basketball Operations for the
Washington Wizards . Jordan's
responsibilities with the Wizards were comprehensive. He controlled
all aspects of the Wizards' basketball operations, and had the final
say in all personnel matters. Opinions of Jordan as a basketball
executive were mixed. He managed to purge the team of several highly
paid, unpopular players (such as forward
Juwan Howard and point guard
Rod Strickland ), but used the first pick in the 2001
NBA draft to
select high schooler
Kwame Brown , who did not live up to expectations
and was traded away after four seasons.
Despite his January 1999 claim that he was "99.9% certain" that he
would never play another NBA game, in the summer of 2001 Jordan
expressed interest in making another comeback, this time with his
new team. Inspired by the NHL comeback of his friend
Mario Lemieux the
previous winter, Jordan spent much of the spring and summer of 2001
in training, holding several invitation-only camps for NBA players in
Chicago. In addition, Jordan hired his old
Chicago Bulls head coach,
Doug Collins , as Washington's coach for the upcoming season, a
decision that many saw as foreshadowing another Jordan return.
WASHINGTON WIZARDS COMEBACK (2001–2003)
Jordan as a member of the
Washington Wizards on April 14, 2003
On September 25, 2001, Jordan announced his return to the NBA to play
for the Washington Wizards, indicating his intention to donate his
salary as a player to a relief effort for the victims of the September
11, 2001 attacks . In an injury-plagued 2001–02 season , he led
the team in scoring (22.9 ppg), assists (5.2 apg), and steals (1.42
spg). However, torn cartilage in his right knee ended Jordan's season
after only 60 games, the fewest he had played in a regular season
since playing 17 games after returning from his first retirement
during the 1994–95 season . Jordan started 53 of his 60 games for
the season, averaging 24.3 points, 5.4 assists, and 6.0 rebounds, and
shooting 41.9% from the field in his 53 starts. His last seven
appearances were in a reserve role, in which he averaged just over 20
minutes per game.
Playing in his 14th and final
NBA All-Star Game in 2003, Jordan
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar as the all-time leading scorer in All-Star
Game history (a record since broken by
Kobe Bryant ). That year,
Jordan was the only Washington player to play in all 82 games,
starting in 67 of them. He averaged 20.0 points, 6.1 rebounds, 3.8
assists, and 1.5 steals per game. He also shot 45% from the field,
and 82% from the free throw line. Even though he turned 40 during the
season, he scored 20 or more points 42 times, 30 or more points nine
times, and 40 or more points three times. On February 21, 2003,
Jordan became the first 40-year-old to tally 43 points in an NBA game.
During his stint with the Wizards, all of Jordan's home games at the
MCI Center were sold out, and the Wizards were the second most-watched
team in the NBA, averaging 20,172 fans a game at home and 19,311 on
the road. However, neither of Jordan's final two seasons resulted in
a playoff appearance for the Wizards, and Jordan was often unsatisfied
with the play of those around him. At several points he openly
criticized his teammates to the media, citing their lack of focus and
intensity, notably that of the number one draft pick in the 2001 NBA
Kwame Brown .
With the recognition that 2002–03 would be Jordan's final season,
tributes were paid to him throughout the NBA. In his final game at his
old home court, the
United Center in Chicago, Jordan received a
four-minute standing ovation. The
Miami Heat retired the number 23
jersey on April 11, 2003, even though Jordan never played for the
team. At the 2003 All-Star Game, Jordan was offered a starting spot
Tracy McGrady and
Allen Iverson , but refused both. In the end,
he accepted the spot of
Vince Carter , who decided to give it up under
great public pressure.
Jordan played in his final NBA game on April 16, 2003 in Philadelphia
. After scoring only 13 points in the game, Jordan went to the bench
with 4 minutes and 13 seconds remaining in the third quarter and with
his team trailing the
Philadelphia 76ers , 75–56. Just after the
start of the fourth quarter, the
First Union Center crowd began
chanting "We want Mike!". After much encouragement from coach Doug
Collins , Jordan finally rose from the bench and re-entered the game,
Larry Hughes with 2:35 remaining. At 1:45, Jordan was
intentionally fouled by the 76ers'
Eric Snow , and stepped to the line
to make both free throws. After the second foul shot, the 76ers
in-bounded the ball to rookie
John Salmons , who in turn was
intentionally fouled by
Bobby Simmons one second later, stopping time
so that Jordan could return to the bench. Jordan received a
three-minute standing ovation from his teammates, his opponents, the
officials and the crowd of 21,257 fans.
Jordan on the "Dream Team" in 1992
Jordan played on two
Olympic gold medal -winning American basketball
teams. He won a gold medal as a college player in the 1984 Summer
Olympics . The team was coached by
Bob Knight and featured players
Patrick Ewing ,
Sam Perkins , Chris Mullin ,
Steve Alford ,
Wayman Tisdale . Jordan led the team in scoring, averaging 17.1
ppg for the tournament.
1992 Summer Olympics
1992 Summer Olympics , he was a member of the star-studded
squad that included
Magic Johnson ,
Larry Bird , and David Robinson
and was dubbed the "Dream Team ". Jordan was the only player to start
all 8 games in the Olympics. Playing limited minutes due to the
frequent blowouts , Jordan averaged 14.9 ppg, finishing second on the
team in scoring. Jordan and fellow Dream Team members Patrick Ewing
and Chris Mullin are the only American men's basketball players to win
Olympic gold medals as amateurs and professionals.
Jordan on a golf course in 2007
After his third retirement, Jordan assumed that he would be able to
return to his front office position as Director of Basketball
Operations with the Wizards. However, his previous tenure in the
Wizards' front office had produced the aforementioned mixed results
and may have also influenced the trade of Richard "Rip" Hamilton for
Jerry Stackhouse (although Jordan was not technically Director of
Basketball Operations in 2002). On May 7, 2003, Wizards owner Abe
Pollin fired Jordan as Washington's President of Basketball
Operations. Jordan later stated that he felt betrayed, and that if he
knew he would be fired upon retiring he never would have come back to
play for the Wizards.
Jordan kept busy over the next few years. He stayed in shape, played
golf in celebrity charity tournaments, and spent time with his family
in Chicago. He also promoted his Jordan Brand clothing line and rode
motorcycles. Since 2004, Jordan has owned
Michael Jordan Motorsports,
a professional closed-course motorcycle road racing team that competed
with two Suzukis in the premier Superbike championship sanctioned by
American Motorcyclist Association
American Motorcyclist Association (AMA) until the end of the 2013
season. In 2006, Jordan and his wife Juanita pledged $5 million to
Hales Franciscan High School . The Jordan Brand has made
Habitat for Humanity
Habitat for Humanity and a
Louisiana branch of the Boys
"> Jordan goes to the basket for a score in 1987.
Jordan was a shooting guard who was also capable of playing as a
small forward (the position he would primarily play during his second
return to professional basketball with the
Washington Wizards ), and
as a point guard . Jordan was known throughout his career for being a
strong clutch performer. With the Bulls, he decided 25 games with
field goals or free throws in the last 30 seconds, including two NBA
Finals games and five other playoff contests. His competitiveness was
visible in his prolific trash-talk and well-known work ethic. As
the Bulls organization built the franchise around Jordan, management
had to trade away players who were not "tough enough" to compete with
him in practice. To help improve his defense, he spent extra hours
studying film of opponents. On offense, he relied more upon instinct
and improvisation at game time. Noted as a durable player, Jordan did
not miss four or more games while active for a full season from
1986–87 to 2001–02, when he injured his right knee. He played
all 82 games nine times. Jordan has frequently cited David Thompson ,
Walter Davis , and
Jerry West as influences. Confirmed at the start
of his career, and possibly later on, Jordan had a special "Love of
the Game Clause" written into his contract (unusual at the time) which
allowed him to play basketball against anyone at any time, anywhere.
Jordan had a versatile offensive game. He was capable of aggressively
driving to the basket, as well as drawing fouls from his opponents at
a high rate; his 8,772 free throw attempts are the ninth-highest total
of all time. As his career progressed, Jordan also developed the
ability to post up his opponents and score with his trademark fadeaway
jump shot , using his leaping ability to "fade away" from block
attempts. According to
Hubie Brown , this move alone made him nearly
unstoppable. Despite media criticism as a "selfish" player early in
his career, Jordan's 5.3 assists per game also indicate his
willingness to defer to his teammates. After shooting under 30% from
three-point range in his first five seasons in the NBA, including a
career-low 13% in the 1987–88 season, Jordan improved to a
career-high 50% in the 1994–95 season. The three-point shot became
more of a focus of his game from 1994–95 to 1996–97, when the NBA
shortened its three-point line to 22 ft (6.7 m) (from 23 ft 9 in (7.24
m)). His three-point field-goal percentages ranged from 35% to 43% in
seasons in which he attempted at least 230 three-pointers between
1989–90 and 1996–97. For a guard, Jordan was also a good
rebounder (6.2 per game).
In 1988, Jordan was honored with the NBA's Defensive Player of the
Year Award and became the first NBA player to win both the Defensive
Player of the Year and MVP awards in a career (since equaled by Hakeem
Olajuwon , David Robinson , and
Kevin Garnett ; Olajuwon is the only
player other than Jordan to win both during the same season). In
addition, he set both seasonal and career records for blocked shots by
a guard, and combined this with his ball-thieving ability to become a
standout defensive player. He ranks third in NBA history in total
steals with 2,514, trailing
John Stockton and
Jason Kidd . Jerry West
often stated that he was more impressed with Jordan's defensive
contributions than his offensive ones. He was also known to have
strong eyesight; broadcaster
Al Michaels said that he was able to read
baseball box scores on a 27-inch television clearly from about 50 feet
NBA CAREER STATISTICS
For a comprehensive listing of Jordan's statistics, see List of
career achievements by
Michael Jordan .
Minutes per game
Field goal percentage
3-point field goal percentage
Free throw percentage
Rebounds per game
Assists per game
Steals per game
Blocks per game
Points per game
Denotes seasons in which Jordan won an NBA championship
Led the league
Jordan in 1997
Jordan's marked talent was clear from his rookie season. In his
first game in
Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden against the New York Knicks,
Jordan received a prolonged standing ovation, a rarity for an
opposing player. After Jordan scored a playoff record 63 points
Boston Celtics on April 20, 1986, Celtics star Larry Bird
described him as "God disguised as Michael Jordan."
Jordan led the NBA in scoring in 10 seasons (NBA record) and tied
Wilt Chamberlain 's record of seven consecutive scoring titles. He
was also a fixture on the NBA All-Defensive First Team, making the
roster nine times (NBA record shared with
Gary Payton , Kevin Garnett
Kobe Bryant ). Jordan also holds the top career regular season
and playoff scoring averages of 30.1 and 33.4 points per game,
respectively. By 1998, the season of his Finals-winning shot against
the Jazz, he was well known throughout the league as a clutch
performer. In the regular season, Jordan was the Bulls' primary threat
in the final seconds of a close game and in the playoffs, Jordan would
always demand the ball at crunch time. Jordan's total of 5,987 points
in the playoffs is the second-highest in NBA history . He retired
with 32,292 points in regular season play, placing him fourth on the
NBA's all-time scoring list behind
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar ,
Karl Malone ,
Kobe Bryant .
With five regular-season MVPs (tied for second place with Bill
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar has won more, with six), six
Finals MVPs (NBA record), and three All-Star MVPs, Jordan is the most
decorated NBA player. Jordan finished among the top three in
regular-season MVP voting a record 10 times, and was named one of the
50 Greatest Players in NBA History in 1996. He is one of only seven
players in history to win an NCAA championship, an NBA championship,
Olympic gold medal (doing so twice with the 1984 and 1992 U.S.
men's basketball teams). Since 1976, the year of the NBA's merger
with the American
Basketball Association , Jordan and Pippen are the
only two players to win six
NBA Finals playing for one team. In the
All-Star Game fan ballot , Jordan received the most votes nine times,
more than any other player. "There's
Michael Jordan and then there
is the rest of us." —
Many of Jordan's contemporaries say that Jordan is the greatest
basketball player of all time. In 1999, an
ESPN survey of
journalists, athletes and other sports figures ranked Jordan the
greatest North American athlete of the 20th century, above such
Babe Ruth and
Muhammad Ali . Jordan placed second to
Babe Ruth in the
Associated Press 's December 1999 list of 20th
century athletes. In addition, the
Associated Press voted him as the
greatest basketball player of the 20th century. Jordan has also
appeared on the front cover of
Sports Illustrated a record 50 times.
In the September 1996 issue of Sport , which was the publication's
50th anniversary issue, Jordan was named the greatest athlete of the
past 50 years.
Jordan's athletic leaping ability, highlighted in his back-to-back
slam dunk contest championships in 1987 and 1988, is credited by many
with having influenced a generation of young players. Several
current NBA All-Stars have stated that they considered Jordan their
role model while growing up, including
LeBron James and Dwyane Wade
. In addition, commentators have dubbed a number of next-generation
players "the next Michael Jordan" upon their entry to the NBA,
Anfernee "Penny" Hardaway ,
Grant Hill ,
Allen Iverson ,
Kobe Bryant , LeBron James,
Vince Carter , and Dwyane Wade.
Although Jordan was a well-rounded player, his "Air Jordan" image is
also often credited with inadvertently decreasing the jump shooting
skills, defense, and fundamentals of young players, a fact Jordan
himself has lamented.
I think it was the exposure of Michael Jordan; the marketing of
Michael Jordan. Everything was marketed towards the things that people
wanted to see, which was scoring and dunking. That Michael Jordan
still played defense and an all-around game, but it was never really
Although Jordan has done much to increase the status of the game,
some of his impact on the game's popularity in America appears to be
fleeting. Television ratings in particular increased only during his
time in the league, and Finals ratings have not returned to the level
reached during his last championship-winning season. Jordan
Presidential Medal of Freedom
Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Barack
Obama at the White House .
In August 2009, the
Basketball Hall of Fame in Springfield,
Massachusetts , opened a
Michael Jordan exhibit that contained items
from his college and NBA careers, as well as from the 1992 "Dream
Team" . The exhibit also has a batting glove to signify Jordan's short
career in minor league baseball. After Jordan received word of his
acceptance into the Hall of Fame, he selected Class of 1996 member
David Thompson to present him. As Jordan would later explain during
his induction speech in September 2009, growing up in North Carolina,
he was not a fan of the Tar Heels, and greatly admired Thompson, who
played at rival North Carolina State . He was inducted into the Hall
in September, with several former Bulls teammates in attendance,
Scottie Pippen ,
Dennis Rodman ,
Charles Oakley , Ron Harper
Steve Kerr , and
Toni Kukoč . Two of Jordan's former coaches, Dean
Smith and Doug Collins, were also among those present. His emotional
reaction during his speech—when he began to cry—was captured by
Associated Press photographer
Stephan Savoia and would later become
widely shared on social media as the
Crying Jordan Internet meme. In
Barack Obama honored Jordan with a Presidential Medal
of Freedom .
Jordan married Juanita Vanoy in September 1989, and they had two
sons, Jeffrey Michael and Marcus James , and a daughter, Jasmine.
Jordan and Vanoy filed for divorce on January 4, 2002, citing
irreconcilable differences, but reconciled shortly thereafter. They
again filed for divorce and were granted a final decree of dissolution
of marriage on December 29, 2006, commenting that the decision was
made "mutually and amicably". It is reported that Juanita received a
$168 million settlement (equivalent to $200 million in 2016), making
it the largest celebrity divorce settlement on public record at the
In 1991, Jordan purchased a lot in
Highland Park, Illinois , to build
a 56,000 square foot mansion, which was completed four years later.
Jordan listed his Highland Park mansion for sale in 2012. Both of his
Loyola Academy , a private Roman Catholic high school
located in Wilmette , Illinois. Jeffrey graduated as a member of the
2007 graduating class and played his first collegiate basketball game
on November 11, 2007, for the University of Illinois . After two
seasons, Jeffrey left the Illinois basketball team in 2009. He later
rejoined the team for a third season, then received a release to
transfer to the University of Central Florida , where Marcus was
attending. Marcus transferred to Whitney Young High School after his
sophomore year at
Loyola Academy and graduated in 2009. He began
attending UCF in the fall of 2009, and played three seasons of
basketball for the school.
On July 21, 2006, a judge in
Cook County, Illinois
Cook County, Illinois , determined that
Jordan did not owe his alleged former lover Karla Knafel $5 million in
a breach of contract claim. Jordan had allegedly paid Knafel $250,000
to keep their relationship a secret. Knafel claimed Jordan promised
her $5 million for remaining silent and agreeing not to file a
paternity suit after Knafel learned she was pregnant in 1991. A DNA
test showed Jordan was not the father of the child.
He proposed to his longtime girlfriend, Cuban-American model Yvette
Prieto , on Christmas 2011, and they were married on April 27, 2013,
at Bethesda-by-the-Sea Episcopal Church. It was announced on
November 30, 2013, that the two were expecting their first child
together. On February 11, 2014, Prieto gave birth to identical twin
daughters named Victoria and Ysabel.
MEDIA FIGURE AND BUSINESS INTERESTS
Michael Jordan in 2008
Jordan is one of the most marketed sports figures in history. He has
been a major spokesman for such brands as Nike ,
Coca-Cola , Chevrolet
Gatorade , McDonald\'s ,
Ball Park Franks
Ball Park Franks ,
Hanes , and MCI . Jordan has had a long relationship with Gatorade,
appearing in over 20 commercials for the company since 1991, including
Be Like Mike " commercials in which a song was sung by children
wishing to be like Jordan.
Nike created a signature shoe for him, called the
Air Jordan . One of
Jordan's more popular commercials for the shoe involved Spike Lee
playing the part of
Mars Blackmon . In the commercials Lee, as
Blackmon, attempted to find the source of Jordan's abilities and
became convinced that "it's gotta be the shoes". The hype and demand
for the shoes even brought on a spate of "shoe-jackings" where people
were robbed of their sneakers at gunpoint. Subsequently, Nike spun off
the Jordan line into its own division named the "Jordan Brand". The
company features an impressive list of athletes and celebrities as
endorsers. The brand has also sponsored college sports programs such
as those of North Carolina , Cal , Georgetown , and Marquette .
Jordan also has been associated with the
Looney Tunes cartoon
characters. A Nike commercial shown during 1992's Super Bowl XXVI
featured Jordan and
Bugs Bunny playing basketball. The Super Bowl
commercial inspired the 1996 live action/animated film
Space Jam ,
which starred Jordan and Bugs in a fictional story set during the
former's first retirement from basketball. They have subsequently
appeared together in several commercials for MCI. Jordan also made an
appearance in the music video of
Michael Jackson 's "Jam " (1992).
Jordan's yearly income from the endorsements is estimated to be over
forty million dollars. In addition, when Jordan's power at the
ticket gates was at its highest point, the Bulls regularly sold out
both their home and road games. Due to this, Jordan set records in
player salary by signing annual contracts worth in excess of US $30
million per season. An academic study found that Jordan's first NBA
comeback resulted in an increase in the market capitalization of his
client firms of more than $1 billion.
Most of Jordan's endorsement deals, including his first deal with
Nike, were engineered by his agent,
David Falk . Jordan has described
Falk as "the best at what he does" and that "marketing-wise, he's
great. He's the one who came up with the concept of 'Air Jordan.'"
In June 2010, Jordan was ranked by
Forbes magazine as the 20th-most
powerful celebrity in the world with $55 million earned between June
2009 and June 2010. According to the
Forbes article, Jordan Brand
generates $1 billion in sales for Nike. In June 2014, Jordan was
named the first NBA player to become a billionaire, after he increased
his stake in the
Charlotte Hornets from 80% to 89.5%. On January 20,
2015, Jordan was honored with the Charlotte Business Journal's
Business Person of the Year for 2014. As of April 2017, his current
net worth is estimated at $1.31 billion by Forbes. Jordan is the
third-richest African-American as of 2017, behind
Oprah Winfrey and
Robert F. Smith .
AWARDS AND HONORS
James Worthy , Jordan, and
Dean Smith at a North Carolina Tar
Heels men\'s basketball game honoring the 1957 and 1982 men's
basketball teams. Main article: List of career achievements by
* Two-time Naismith Memorial
Basketball Hall of Fame
* class of 2009 – individual
* class of 2010 – as a member of the "Dream Team"
U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame – class of 2009 (as a member of the
FIBA Hall of Fame – class of 2015
* Two-time Olympic Gold Medal winner – 1984 , 1992
* Six-time NBA champion
NBA Finals MVP
* Five-time NBA MVP
* 10-time NBA scoring leader (1987–1993, 1996–1998)
* 14-time NBA All-Star
NBA All-Star Game MVP
* 11-time All-NBA
NBA All-Defensive First Team
* Two-time NBA
Slam Dunk Contest champion – 1987 , 1988
* NBA Rookie of the Year – 1984–85
NBA Defensive Player of the Year – 1987–88
IBM Award winner
* NCAA national championship – University of North Carolina at
Chapel Hill : 1981–82
* ACC Freshman of the Year – 1981–82
* Two-time Consensus NCAA All-American First Team – 1982–83,
* ACC Men\'s
Basketball Player of the Year – 1983–84
* USBWA College Player of the Year – 1983–84
Naismith College Player of the Year – 1983–84
John R. Wooden Award – 1983–84
Adolph Rupp Trophy – 1983–84
* "Triple Crown" winner
Sportsman of the Year – 1991
* Section of Madison Street in
Michael Jordan Drive
* Named one of the
50 Greatest Players in NBA History in 1996
* Ranked No.1 by SLAM Magazine's Top 50 Players of All-Time
* Ranked No.1 by
ESPN SportsCentury's Top North American Athletes of
the 20th century
North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame
Marca Leyenda winner
ESPY Award winner (in various categories)
* Number 23 retired by the
* Number 23 retired by the North Carolina Tar Heels
* Number 23 retired by the
* Statue in front of the United Center
Presidential Medal of Freedom
Presidential Medal of Freedom
* African American portal
National Basketball Association
National Basketball Association portal
Michael Jordan Steakhouse
* Michael Jordan\'s Restaurant
* Michael Jordan: Chaos in the Windy City
Michael Jordan in Flight
* ^ Jordan wore a nameless no. 12 jersey in a February 14, 1990
game against the
Orlando Magic because his no. 23 jersey had been
stolen. Jordan scored 49 points, setting a franchise record for
players wearing that jersey number.
* ^ Strauss, Chris. "The greatest No. 12 that no one is talking
about", USA Today, December 12, 2012. Retrieved December 12, 2012.
* ^ Smith, Sam (February 15, 1990). "Magic has the Bulls' number:
Catledge leads rally; Jordan scores 49 points",
Chicago Tribune , pg.
* ^ Rein, Kotler and Shields, pg. 173.
* ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T Michael Jordan,
Basketball Association. Retrieved January 15, 2007.
* ^ Markovits and Rensman, pg. 89.
* ^ Berkow, Ira. "Sports of The Times;
Air Jordan And Just Plain
The New York Times
The New York Times , June 15, 1991. Retrieved February 11,
* ^ Skidmore, Sarah. "23 years later, Air Jordans maintain
The Seattle Times
The Seattle Times , January 10, 2008. Retrieved February
Michael Jordan biography, 23jordan.com. Retrieved November 23,
* Sachare, pgs. 172–173.
* ^ Associated Press, "Michael Jordan\'s big brother ends Army
career", charlotte.com, May 16, 2006. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
* ^ A B Halberstam, pgs. 20–21.
* ^ A B Poppel, Seth. "
Michael Jordan Didn\'t Make Varsity—At
First", Newsweek, October 17, 2015. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
* ^ A B C D E F Michael Jordan, basketball-reference.com. Retrieved
February 8, 2008.
* ^ A B Michael Jordan: The Stats, infoplease .com. Retrieved March
* ^ Williams, Lena. PLUS: Basketball; "A McDonald\'s Game For
The New York Times
The New York Times , December 7, 2001. Retrieved January
ESPN , air date February 2, 2007.
* Lucas, Adam. Lucas: One Extraordinary Night, tarheelblue.cstv.com,
February 10, 2007. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
* ^ Halberstam, pgs. 67–68.
* ^ LeFeber, pg. 32.
* ^ A B C D E F G H I J K Michael Jordan, databaseBasketball.com,
archived link, archive date February 11, 2009. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
* ^ qtd. in Lazenby, Roland. "Michaelangelo: Portrait of a
Champion". Michael Jordan: The Ultimate Career Tribute. Bannockburn,
Illinois: H&S Media, 1999. pg. 128.
* ^ DuPree, David (November 26, 1984). "Trail Blazers don't regret
USA Today . p. 6C.
* ^ Sakamoto, Bob (November 25, 1984). "Portland GM is happy with
Chicago Tribune . p. B2.
* ^ Schoenfield, David. The 100 worst draft picks ever, ESPN.
Retrieved October 20, 2013.
* ^ Morris, Mike. "The Legend: A Highlight-Reel History of the
NBA's Greatest Player". Michael Jordan: The Ultimate Career Tribute.
Bannockburn, Illinois: H Bulls Brush Aside Pistons for Eastern Title,
The New York Times, May 28, 1991. Retrieved April 8, 2008.
* ^ Wilbon, Michael . Great Shot! Jordan\'s Best Amazingly Goes One
Better, The Washington Post, pg. D01, June 7, 1991. Retrieved March 7,
* ^ 1991 Finals stats, National
Basketball Association. Retrieved
March 24, 2008.
* ^ A B C D E F G H Finals Most Valuable Player, National
Basketball Association. Retrieved February 6, 2008.
* ^ A B C Schwartz, Larry.
Michael Jordan transcends hoops,
Retrieved January 16, 2007.
Sports Illustrated cover, May 11, 1992. Sports Illustrated.
Retrieved March 5, 2017.
* ^ Jordan Blazes Away From Long Range, National Basketball
Association. Retrieved March 9, 2007.
* ^ A Stroll Down Memory Lane, National
Retrieved February 23, 2007.
* ^ Paxson\'s Trey Propels Bulls Into NBA History, National
Basketball Association. Retrieved January 20, 2007.
* ^ McCallum, Jack. "\'The Desire Isn\'t There\'", Sports
Illustrated, October 18, 1993. Retrieved March 5, 2017.
* ^ Anderson, Dave . "Sports of The Times; Jordan\'s Atlantic City
Caper", The New York Times, May 27, 1993. Retrieved April 8, 2008.
* ^ A B Thomas, Monifa. "Jordan on gambling: \'Very embarrassing\'"
(scroll down to see article),
Chicago Sun-Times , available at
winningstreak.com, October 21, 2005. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
* ^ A B C
Michael Jordan Still Flying High,
CBS News, August 20,
2006. Retrieved January 15, 2007.
* ^ Berkow, Ira. "A Humbled Jordan Learns New Truths", The New York
Times, April 11, 1994. Retrieved January 16, 2007.
* ^ Mitchell, Alison. The Nation; "So Many Criminals Trip
Themselves Up", The New York Times, August 22, 1993. Retrieved March
* ^ Janofsky, Michael (August 16, 1993). "Two Men Are Charged With
Murder Of Jordan", The New York Times. Retrieved February 9, 2017.
* ^ Walsh, Edward. "On the City\'s West Side, Jordan\'s Legacy Is
Hope", The Washington Post, January 14, 1998. Retrieved January 16,
* ^ "Michael Jordan, family attend groundbreaking ceremony for
James Jordan Center". Jet .
Johnson Publishing Company . 88 (14):
51–53. August 14, 1995. ISSN 0021-5996 .
* ^ Jordan, pg. 100.
* ^ Thomsen, Ian; Rodgers, Ted (October 18, 1993). "Europe loses a
role model; Even in countries where basketball is a minor pursuit,
Jordan's profile looms large – includes related article on Jordan's
stature in Japan".
The Sporting News . 216 (16): 35. ISSN 0038-805X .
The Sporting News Official NBA Register 1994–95, pg. 334.
* ^ A B
Michael Jordan Chronology, Sports Illustrated, January 12,
1999. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
* ^ Michael Jordan: A Tribute, Sports Illustrated. Retrieved May 9,
* ^ Araton, Harvey. Basketball; "Jordan Keeping the Basketball
World in Suspense", The New York Times, March 10, 1995. Retrieved
March 24, 2008.
* ^ "
Michael Jordan Statue".
United Center . Retrieved March 19,
* ^ Artner, Alan G. (November 2, 1994). "Jordan Truly Larger Than
Life: Sculpture Shows Spirit Of The Man, But Little More". Chicago
Tribune . Retrieved September 3, 2011.
* ^ "Bye-bye, No. 23: Buzz went to see Michael Jordan\'s
Chicago Tribune . November 8, 1994. Retrieved September
* ^ Taylor, Phil. "What Goes Up ... Must Come Down, Or So It
Seems", Sports Illustrated, March 20, 1995. Retrieved March 19, 2017.
* ^ Lazenby, pgs. 513–515.
* ^ Lazenby, pgs. 511–512.
* ^ A B "
Michael Jordan returns to Bulls in overtime loss to
Indiana Pacers –
Chicago Bulls". Jet .
Johnson Publishing Company .
87 (21): 51–53. April 3, 1995. ISSN 0021-5996 .
* ^ Hausman, Jerry A. and Gregory K. Leonard. "Superstars in the
Basketball Association: Economic Value and Policy." Journal
of Labor Economics , 15 (4): 586–624 , 1997. doi :10.1086/209839 .
* ^ Lawrence, Mitch. Memories of MJ\'s first two acts, ESPN,
September 10, 2001. Retrieved December 16, 2008.
* ^ A B Walks, Matt (May 7, 2015). "Flashback: 20 years ago today,
Anderson forces MJ back to No. 23".
ESPN . Retrieved May 8, 2015.
* ^ Heisler, Mark. "NBA Fines Jordan for Shoes, Bulls for No. 23",
Los Angeles Times, May 12, 1995. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
* ^ Kerr, Steve. The greatest team in history – day four: Chicago
Bulls, BBC. Retrieved March 16, 2007.
Chicago Bulls 1995–96 Game Log and Scores, Archived January
25, 2016, at the
Wayback Machine . databasebasketball.com. Retrieved
June 9, 2017.
* ^ NBA Team Regular Season Records for Wins, Basketball-Reference.
Retrieved April 22, 2016.
* ^ 1995–96
Chicago Bulls, National
Retrieved January 15, 2007.
* ^ A B
Chicago Bulls 1996–97 Game Log and Scores, Archived
January 25, 2016, at the
Wayback Machine . databasebasketball.com.
Retrieved June 9, 2017.
* ^ Burns, Marty. 23 to remember, Sports Illustrated, January 16,
1999. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
* ^ Belock, Joe (February 11, 2015). "NBA All-Star Game\'s most
memorable moments", New York Daily News. Retrieved June 5, 2016.
* ^ Porter, pg. 119.
* ^ Smith, Stephen A. (May 30, 1998). "Still In The Hunt: Pacers
Hold Off Bulls To Force Game 7", The
Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved
May 14, 2017.
* ^ Lazenby, pg. 596.
* ^ A B C Greatest Finals Moments, National
Retrieved February 6, 2007.
* ^ Kerber, Fred. Former NBA Ref Blasts Officiating, New York Post
, August 17, 2007. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
* ^ Knott, Tom. "Someone has to win Eastern Conference", The
Washington Times , December 8, 2006. Retrieved November 17, 2008.
* ^ Deveney, Sean. Crying Foul, sportingnews.com, March 14, 2005.
Retrieved May 9, 2017.
* ^ Ryan, Jeff. History of the NBA Finals:
Chicago Bulls vs. Utah
Jazz – 1998, sportingnews.com. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
* ^ Cohen, Rachel. Lakers-Celtics should grab big TV ratings,
charleston.net, June 5, 2008. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
* ^ "
NBA Finals Game 6 nets ratings record for NBC". Jet . Johnson
Publishing Company . 94 (6): 47. July 6, 1998. ISSN 0021-5996 .
* ^ Kruger, pgs. 55–56, 59.
* ^ Wise, Mike (January 19, 2002). "Pro Basketball; It\'s Bitter In
Chicago For Jordan", The New York Times. Retrieved June 5, 2016.
* ^ Wise, Mike (January 21, 1999). "Pro Basketball; The Business Of
Basketball Now Begins In Earnest", The New York Times. Retrieved June
* ^ Sandomir, Richard. Jordan Sheds Uniform for Suit as a Wizards
Owner, The New York Times, January 20, 2000. Retrieved March 24, 2008.
* ^ A B C D Pollin\'s decision to cut ties leaves Jordan livid,
ESPN, May 9, 2003. Retrieved December 23, 2008.
* ^ Brady, Erik. "Wizards show Jordan the door", USA Today, May 7,
2003. Retrieved February 23, 2007.
* ^ Associated Press. Making his move, Sports Illustrated, February
22, 2001. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
* ^ Matthews, Marcus. Losing never looked so good for Wizards, USA
Today, March 1, 2001. Retrieved February 23, 2007.
* ^ Wilbon, Michael . "So Long, Kwame, Thanks for Nothing", The
Washington Post, July 16, 2005. Retrieved February 23, 2007.
* ^ A B Araton, Harvey. "Sports of The Times; Old Coach Rejoins Old
The New York Times
The New York Times , October 2, 2001. Retrieved February 12,
* ^ A B White, Joseph. "Jordan comeback raises questions", cbc.ca ,
September 23, 2001. Retrieved February 12, 2009.
* ^ Associated Press. Jordan watched Lemieux\'s comeback very
closely, ESPN, October 2, 2001. Retrieved March 7, 2007.
* ^ Penny outshines MJ at \'Comeback Camp\', CNNSI.com, August 25,
2001. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
* ^ Pollin Establishes Education Fund, National Basketball
Association, September 9, 2002. Retrieved January 16, 2007.
* ^ News Summary, The New York Times, September 26, 2001. Retrieved
April 8, 2008.
Michael Jordan 2001–02 Splits, Basketball-Reference.
Retrieved August 8, 2015.
* ^ Bryant, West hold on to win NBA All-Star game, National
Basketball Association, February 26, 2012. Retrieved February 26,
* ^ Jordan Pours in History-Making 43, National Basketball
Association, February 21, 2003. Retrieved January 16, 2007.
* ^ NBA Attendance Report – 2003. ESPN. Retrieved February 12,
* ^ A B Maaddi, Rob. Collins feels Jordan\'s pain, Associated Press
, USA Today, November 29, 2001. Retrieved March 11, 2007.
* ^ A B Associated Press. Bad chemistry left MJ unable to win in
Washington, Sports Illustrated, April 12, 2003. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
* ^ Johnson, K. C. Lengthy ovation moves Jordan,
Chicago Tribune ,
January 25, 2003. Retrieved October 7, 2010.
* ^ Heat retires first number, Sports Illustrated, April 11, 2003.
Retrieved May 9, 2017.
* ^ Associated Press. Thanks, but no thanks: Jordan not interested
in ceremonial starting role, Sports Illustrated, February 8, 2003.
Retrieved May 9, 2017.
* ^ Zeisberger, Mike. Vince\'s wild ride, slam.canoe.ca, December
18, 2004. Retrieved April 18, 2007.
* ^ Sixers Prevail in Jordan\'s Final Game, National Basketball
Association, April 16, 2003. Retrieved January 16, 2007.
* ^ A B Games of the XXIIIrd Olympiad – 1984, USA Basketball,
Inc. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
* ^ A B Games of the XXVth Olympiad – 1992, USA
Retrieved March 26, 2017.
* ^ Hareas, John. 1992 Dream Team: By the Numbers, National
Basketball Association. Retrieved March 23, 2012.
* ^ Wise, Mike. "Pro Basketball; Jordan\'s Strained Ties to Wizards
May Be Cut", The New York Times, May 4, 2003. Retrieved February 12,
* ^ Grass, Ray. "
Michael Jordan is now riding superbikes",
deseretnews.com, June 22, 2006. Retrieved October 3, 2008.
* ^ Jordan
Suzuki Previews The
AMA Superbike Championship Finale At
Mazda Raceway Laguna Seca, Roadracing World & Motorcycle Technology,
September 11, 2007. Retrieved March 26, 2009.
* ^ Swarts, David.
Michael Jordan Motorsports Suspending AMA Pro
Road Racing Operations, Focusing On Move To International Competition,
Roadracing World & Motorcycle Technology, October 29, 2013. Retrieved
October 24, 2015.
* ^ Meyer, Gregory. Jordans to pledge $5M to Hales Franciscan H.S.,
chicagobusiness.com, March 13, 2006. Retrieved July 28, 2008.
* ^ Jordan Brand Donates $500,000 to Boys and Girls Club in
Reuters , February 14, 2008. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
Michael Jordan to Become Part Owner of the Charlotte Bobcats,
Basketball Association, June 15, 2006. Retrieved March 26,
* ^ Associated Press. Jordan writes state of Bobcats letter to
fans, ESPN, June 15, 2006. Retrieved February 21, 2007.
* ^ Associated Press. Shinn says others interested in buying piece
of Hornets, lubbockonline.com, May 10, 1999. Retrieved January 3,
Michael Jordan &
Charlotte Bobcats – NBA Legend Wants to Buy
Team, Report, National Ledger, February 16, 2010. Retrieved February
Associated Press . MJ to buy controlling stake in Bobcats, ESPN
, February 27, 2010. Retrieved February 27, 2010.
* ^ Associated Press. Jordan purchase of Bobcats approved, ESPN,
March 17, 2010. Retrieved March 17, 2010.
* ^ Rhoden, William C. "Want to Make an Impact? Join Jordan", The
New York Times, April 27, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
* ^ Beck, Howard (November 5, 2011). "Hard-Line Factions Threaten
Latest N.B.A. Negotiations". The New York Times. p. D7. Archived from
the original on November 7, 2011. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
* ^ A B Whitlock, Jason (November 5, 2011). "MJ sells out players
with hard-line stance". FoxSports.com. Archived from the original on
November 7, 2011. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
* ^ "Knicks earn No. 7, Bobcats set dubious record". Fox News.
April 27, 2012. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
* ^ "
Michael Jordan committed to Bobcats". ESPN. November 2, 2012.
Retrieved November 17, 2012.
* ^ Michael Jordan\'s Game-Winners: How Many Has Michael Made?.
Basketball Association. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
* ^ DeCourcy, Mike. A suspension for talking trash? Mamma mia!,
sportingnews.com, July 21, 2006. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
* ^ Jackson, Phil. "Michael and Me", Inside Stuff, June/July 1998,
available at nba.com. Retrieved January 16, 2007.
* ^ Donnelly, Sally B. "Great Leapin\' Lizards! Michael Jordan
Can\'t Actually Fly, But", Time, January 9, 1989. Retrieved March 7,
* ^ Condor, pgs. xviii–xx.
* ^ Pro Basketball; Jordan\'s Knee Problems May Force Him to
Sideline. The New York Times, February 26, 2002. Retrieved April 18,
* ^ Jordan, pg. 155.
* ^ DuPree, David (February 9, 2003). Jordan wears \'greatest\'
crown, USA Today. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
* ^ Jordan, pg. 5.
* ^ Career Leaders for Free Throw Attempts,
basketball-reference.com. Retrieved May 16, 2008.
* ^ Brown, Hubie .
Hubie Brown on Jordan, National Basketball
Association. Retrieved January 15, 2007.
* ^ Strauss, Ethan Sherwood (August 13, 2013). Jordan\'s forgotten
advantage over LeBron, ESPN. Retrieved January 14, 2017.
* ^ Ladewski, Paul. What Does He Do for an Encore?, Hoop Magazine,
December 1987, available at nba.com. Retrieved January 16, 2007.
* ^ Career Leaders for Steals, basketball-reference.com. Retrieved
May 23, 2008.
* ^ A B Michael Jordan: A tribute: Praise from his peers, NBA\'s 50
greatest sing MJ\'s praises, Sports Illustrated, February 1, 1999.
Retrieved May 9, 2017.
* ^ Simmons, Bill (June 19, 2014). B.S. Report: Al Michaels,
Grantland, 1:29–2:45. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
* ^ NBA & ABA All-Defensive Teams, Basketball-Reference. Retrieved
February 3, 2015.
* ^ Sachare, Alex. Go-Two Guys, Hoop Magazine, June 1996. Retrieved
February 12, 2009.
* ^ NBA & ABA Career Playoff Leaders and Records for Points,
Basketball-Reference. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
* ^ A B NBA History – Points Leaders, espn.com. Retrieved January
* ^ A B "Basketball\'s Triple Crown". The Post Game.com. Retrieved
July 19, 2012.
* ^ Malinowski, Erik. Four decades after NBA merger, ABA\'s spirit
stronger than ever, Fox Sports, June 17, 2014. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
* ^ Most NBA Championships Won, basketball-reference.com. Retrieved
May 8, 2017.
* ^ Moving Pictures: All-Star Ballot winners, National Basketball
Association, January 21, 2005. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
* ^ A B Top N. American athletes of the century, ESPN. Retrieved
May 3, 2007.
* ^ "Ruth, Didrikson Named Top Athletes", Los Angeles Times,
December 12, 1999. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
* ^ AP
Basketball Player of the Century, lubbockonline.com,
December 11, 1999. Retrieved January 18, 2008.
* ^ Michael Jordan\'s 50 SI Covers, Sports Illustrated. Retrieved
May 14, 2017.
* ^ "Final Out: 1996", Sport , volume 90, issue 7, July 1999, pg.
* ^ A B C Hubbard, Jan.
Michael Jordan interview, Hoop Magazine,
April 1997, via nba.com. Retrieved March 6, 2007.
* ^ Fitzpatrick, Curry. "In An Orbit All His Own", Sports
Illustrated , November 9, 1987. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
* ^ Associated Press. James says he\'ll decide his future soon,
Sports Illustrated, April 16, 2003. Retrieved May 19, 2017.
* ^ Ginsbrug, Steve. "Wade scoffs at Jordan comparisons", Reuters,
June 21, 2006. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
* ^ Stein, Mark. Kobe, Hill deal with being the next Michael, ESPN,
October 29, 2001. Retrieved March 6, 2007.
* ^ Isidore, Chris. The next \'next Jordan\', money.cnn.com, June
23, 2006. Retrieved March 6, 2007.
* ^ Araton, Harvey. "Sports of The Times; Will James Be the Next
Jordan or the Next Carter?", The New York Times, December 28, 2005.
Retrieved April 8, 2008.
* ^ A B Rovell, Darren. NBA could cash in if TV ratings soar with
Jordan, ESPN, September 23, 2001. Retrieved March 10, 2007.
* ^ Kent, Milton (June 17, 2015). "
NBA Finals TV ratings finish
highest since Michael Jordan\'s last title", The Washington Post.
Retrieved July 17, 2016.
* ^ "Hall opens a Jordan exhibit",
The New York Times
The New York Times (August 3,
2009), pg. D5.
* ^ Spears, Marc J. "Thompson to open Hall\'s doors for Jordan",
Yahoo! Sports, September 7, 2009. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
* ^ Smith, Sam. Jordan makes a Hall of Fame address, National
Basketball Association, September 12, 2009. Retrieved October 31,
* ^ Germano, Sara (February 4, 2016). "
Michael Jordan Surges on Web
as \'Crying Jordan\'", The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 7,
* ^ Carson, Dan (April 5, 2016). How
Crying Jordan became the most
divisive image on the Internet, Fox Sports. Retrieved April 19, 2016.
* ^ A B "President Obama Names Recipients of the Presidential Medal
of Freedom", whitehouse.gov.
The White House
The White House . November 16, 2016.
Retrieved November 16, 2016.
* ^ Associated Press. Jordan, wife end marriage \'mutually,
amicably\', ESPN, December 30, 2006. Retrieved January 15, 2007.
* ^ Michael Jordan, Wife to Divorce After 17 Years, People,
December 30, 2006. Retrieved January 15, 2007.
* ^ Forbes: Jordan Divorce Most Costly Ever, The Washington Post,
April 14, 2007. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
* ^ Tadena, Nathalie and Momo Zhou. Divorce Has a Hefty Price Tag
for Celebrities, Billionaires, abcnews.go.com, August 20, 2009.
Retrieved March 1, 2013.
* ^ Rodkin, Dennis. "
Michael Jordan Lists Highland Park Mansion for
Chicago Magazine, February 29, 2012. Retrieved May 16,
* ^ Associated Press. Heir Jordan out to prove he can play like
Mike, nbcsports.msnbc.com, July 9, 2005. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
* ^ Associated Press. Jeff Jordan prepares for life after hoops,
ESPN, June 24, 2009. Retrieved August 28, 2009.
* ^ Jordan Returns to Illini, Illinois Fighting Illini, October 16,
2009. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
* ^ Associated Press. Jordan\'s Career at Illinois Ends, The New
York Times, May 21, 2010. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
Jeffrey Jordan lands at Central Florida, ESPN, June 1, 2010.
Retrieved December 14, 2010.
* ^ Weir, Tom. "Second Jordan son headed to Division-I, at UCF",
USA Today, April 7, 2009. Retrieved December 24, 2011.
* ^ "
Marcus Jordan leaving Central Florida\'s program", SI.com,
August 20, 2012. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
* ^ A B Associated Press. "Judge says Jordan not obligated to pay
ex-lover", USA Today, June 12, 2003. Retrieved January 16, 2007.
* ^ Associated Press. "Judge: Alleged deal between Jordan, ex-lover
invalid", ESPN, July 22, 2006. Retrieved March 3, 2011,
* ^ Jordan\'s former girlfriend shouldn\'t get another cent, USA
Today, November 25, 2002. Retrieved February 12, 2009.
* ^ Jordan\'s Ex-Lover Counters With $5 Million Lawsuit,
whiotv.com, November 19, 2002. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
* ^ Troop, Caleb. "Bobcats owner
Michael Jordan is engaged",
WCNC-TV, December 29, 2011. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
* ^ Garcia, Jennifer. "
Michael Jordan Marries Model Yvette Prieto",
People, April 27, 2013. Retrieved April 27, 2013.
* ^ Reuters.
Michael Jordan marries longtime girlfriend, Chicago
Tribune, April 27, 2013. Retrieved October 29, 2013.
* ^ Golliver, Ben. Reports: Michael Jordan, wife Yvette Prieto
expecting first child, Sports Illustrated, November 30, 2013.
Retrieved May 14, 2017.
* ^ Webber, Stephanie. Michael Jordan, Wife
Yvette Prieto Expecting
First Child Seven Months After Tying the Knot, Us Weekly, November 30,
2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
* ^ Michael Jordan,
Yvette Prieto welcome twin girls,
February 12, 2014. Retrieved February 20, 2014.
* ^ A B C Rovell, Darren. "Jordan\'s 10 greatest commercials ever",
ESPN, February 17, 2003. Retrieved January 16, 2007.
* ^ Vancil, Mark. "Michael Jordan: Phenomenon", Hoop Magazine,
December 1991. Retrieved March 7, 2007.
* ^ "Michael Jordan", Forbes. Retrieved February 23, 2007.
* ^ Team Jordan, nike.com. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
* ^ Jordan Brand Gearing Up For March Madness, nikeinc.com, March
14, 2012. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
* ^ Horovitz, Bruce. \'Hare Jordan\' May Give Animation Ads a Lift,
Los Angeles Times, January 28, 1992. Retrieved December 18, 2013.
* ^ A B Porter, pg. 96.
* ^ ""Jam" (1992) – Michael Jackson\'s 20 Greatest Videos: The
Stories Behind the Vision",
Rolling Stone . Retrieved April 21, 2016.
* ^ Redenbach, Andrew. A Multiple Product Endorser can be a
Credible Source, Cyber-Journal of Sport Marketing. Retrieved May 15,
* ^ #18 Michael Jordan, Forbes. Retrieved February 16, 2009.
* ^ Rovell, Darren. "Cashing in on the ultimate cash cow", ESPN,
April 15, 2003. Retrieved January 16, 2007.
* ^ "
Michael Jordan signs deal with Bulls worth more than $30
million". Jet .
Johnson Publishing Company . 82 (17): 51. September
15, 1997. ISSN 0021-5996 .
* ^ Mathur, Lynette Knowles, Ike Mathur and Nanda Rangan. "The
Wealth Effects Associated with a Celebrity Endorser: The Michael
Jordan Phenomenon." Journal of Advertising Research, May, 67–73,
* ^ Powell, Shaun (March 29, 1999). "Executive privilege". The
Sporting News . 223 (13): 10. ISSN 0038-805X .
* ^ "Making Millions for NBA Stars: the High-Powered World of Super
Agents David Falk, Curtis Polk and Mike Higgins", cigaraficionado.com.
Retrieved June 22, 2007.
* ^ "#20 Michael Jordan". Forbes, 2010. Retrieved September 8,
* ^ Davis, Adam (June 20, 2014).
Michael Jordan Becomes First
Billionaire NBA Player. Fox Business Network. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
* ^ Ozanian, Mike (June 12, 2014). "
Michael Jordan Is A Billionaire
After Increasing Stake In Hornets". Forbes. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
* ^ Spanberg, Eric (January 20, 2015). "
Michael Jordan in tears as
he accepts Business Person of the Year honors", Charlotte Business
Journal. Retrieved January 21. 2015.
* ^ "Michael Jordan". Forbes. Retrieved April 27. 2017.
* ^ Nsehe, Mfonobong (March 20, 2017). "The Black Billionaires
2017". Forbes. Retrieved April 27, 2017.
* ^ Jordan\'s Streak Crashes and Burns at Indy, National Basketball
Association, December 27, 2001. Retrieved April 27, 2013.
* ^ Cover. Sports Illustrated, December 23, 1991. Retrieved May 14,
* ^ "
Michael Jordan to be inducted into FIBA Hall of Fame", ESPN,
July 17, 2015. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
* ^ Davis, Robert (March 1, 1994). "Jordan to get his own street
Chicago Tribune . Retrieved November 26, 2016.
* ^ "The New Top 50". SLAM Magazine. June 19, 2009. Archived from
the original on May 15, 2013.
Discussion with Halberstam on Playing for Keeps: Michael Jordan
and the World He Made, February 22, 1999,
* Condor, Bob. Michael Jordan's 50 Greatest Games. Carol Publishing
Group, 1998. ISBN 978-0-8065-2030-8 .
* Halberstam, David . Playing for Keeps:
Michael Jordan and the
World He Made. Broadway Books, 2000. ISBN 978-0-7679-0444-5 .
* Jordan, Michael. For the Love of the Game: My Story. New York
City: Crown Publishers, 1998. ISBN 978-0-609-60206-5 .
* Kruger, Mitchell. One Last Shot: The Story of Michael Jordan's
Comeback. New York City: St. Martin's Paperbacks, 2003. ISBN
* Lazenby, Roland. Michael Jordan: The Life. New York City: Little,
Brown and Company, 2014. ISBN 978-0-316-19477-8 .
* LaFeber, Walter .
Michael Jordan and the New Global Capitalism. W.
W. Norton, 2002. ISBN 978-0-393-32369-6 .
* Markovits, Andrei S. and Lars Rensman. Gaming the World: How
Sports are Reshaping Global Politics and Culture. Princeton University
Press, June 3, 2010. ISBN 978-0-691-13751-3 .
* Porter, David L. Michael Jordan: A Biography, Greenwood Publishing
Group, 2007. ISBN 978-0-313-33767-3 .
* Rein, Irving J.; Kotler, Philip; Shields, Ben (2006). The Elusive
Fan: Reinventing Sports in a Crowded Marketplace. The McGraw-Hill
Companies, Inc . ISBN 978-0-07-149114-3 .
* Sachare, Alex. The
Chicago Bulls Encyclopedia. Chicago:
Contemporary Books, 1999. ISBN 978-0-8092-2515-6 .
The Sporting News Official NBA Register 1994–95. The Sporting
News, 1994. ISBN 978-0-89204-501-3 .
* Leahy, Michael (2004), When Nothing Else Matters: Michael
Jordan\'s Last Comeback, Simon & Schuster, ISBN 978-0-7432-7648-1
* McGovern, Mike (2005), Michael Jordan: basketball player,
Ferguson, ISBN 978-0-8160-5876-1
LISTEN TO THIS ARTICLE (info/dl )
This audio file was created from a revision of the "Michael
Jordan" article dated 2013-01-19, and does not reflect subsequent
edits to the article. (Audio help ) MORE SPOKEN ARTICLES Find more
aboutMICHAEL JORDANat's sister projects