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The Info List - Michael Jordan


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Michael Jeffrey Jordan
Jeffrey Jordan
(born February 17, 1963), also known by his initials, MJ,[3] is a retired American professional basketball player. Jordan played 15 seasons in the National Basketball Association
National Basketball Association
(NBA) for the Chicago Bulls
Chicago Bulls
and Washington Wizards. His biography on the NBA website states: "By acclamation, Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan
is the greatest basketball player of all time."[4] Jordan was one of the most effectively marketed athletes of his generation and was considered instrumental in popularizing the NBA around the world in the 1980s and 1990s.[5] He is currently the principal owner and chairman of the Charlotte Hornets
Charlotte Hornets
of the NBA. Jordan played three seasons for coach Dean Smith
Dean Smith
at the University of North Carolina. As a freshman, he was a member of the Tar Heels' national championship team in 1982. Jordan joined the Bulls in 1984 as the third overall draft pick. He quickly emerged as a league star, entertaining crowds with his prolific scoring. His leaping ability, demonstrated by performing slam dunks from the free throw line in slam dunk contests, earned him the nicknames Air Jordan
Air Jordan
and His Airness. He also gained a reputation for being one of the best defensive players in basketball.[6] In 1991, he won his first NBA championship with the Bulls, and followed that achievement with titles in 1992 and 1993, securing a "three-peat". Although Jordan abruptly retired from basketball before the beginning of the 1993–94 NBA season and started a new career playing minor league baseball, he returned to the Bulls in March 1995 and led them to three additional championships in 1996, 1997, and 1998, as well as a then-record 72 regular-season wins in the 1995–96 NBA season. Jordan retired for a second time in January 1999, but returned for two more NBA seasons from 2001 to 2003 as a member of the Wizards. Jordan's individual accolades and accomplishments include five Most Valuable Player (MVP) Awards, ten All-NBA First Team designations, nine All-Defensive First Team honors, fourteen NBA All-Star Game appearances, three All-Star Game MVP Awards, ten scoring titles, three steals titles, six NBA Finals
NBA Finals
MVP Awards, and the 1988 NBA Defensive Player of the Year Award. Among his numerous accomplishments, Jordan holds the NBA records for highest career regular season scoring average (30.12 points per game) and highest career playoff scoring average (33.45 points per game). In 1999, he was named the greatest North American athlete of the 20th century by ESPN, and was second to Babe Ruth
Babe Ruth
on the Associated Press's list of athletes of the century. Jordan is a two-time inductee into the Basketball
Basketball
Hall of Fame, having been enshrined in 2009 for his individual career, and again in 2010 as part of the group induction of the 1992 United States men's Olympic basketball team ("The Dream Team"). He became a member of the FIBA Hall of Fame in 2015. Jordan is also known for his product endorsements. He fueled the success of Nike's Air Jordan
Air Jordan
sneakers, which were introduced in 1985 and remain popular today.[7] Jordan also starred in the 1996 film Space Jam
Space Jam
as himself. In 2006, he became part-owner and head of basketball operations for the then-Charlotte Bobcats, buying a controlling interest in 2010. In 2015, Jordan became the first billionaire NBA player in history as a result of the increase in value of NBA franchises. He is the third-richest African-American, behind Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
and Robert F. Smith.

Contents

1 Early years 2 High school career 3 College career 4 Professional career

4.1 Early NBA years (1984–1987) 4.2 Pistons roadblock (1987–1990) 4.3 First three-peat (1991–1993)

4.3.1 Gambling controversy

4.4 First retirement and stint in minor league baseball (1993–1994) 4.5 "I'm back": Return to the NBA (1995) 4.6 Second three-peat (1995–1998) 4.7 Second retirement (1999–2001) 4.8 Washington Wizards
Washington Wizards
comeback (2001–2003)

5 Olympic career 6 Post-retirement

6.1 Charlotte Bobcats/Hornets

7 Player profile 8 NBA career statistics

8.1 Regular season 8.2 Playoffs

9 Legacy 10 Personal life 11 Media figure and business interests 12 Awards and honors

12.1 College awards and honors 12.2 NBA awards and honors 12.3 Other awards and honors

13 See also 14 Notes 15 References 16 Bibliography 17 Further reading 18 External links

Early years Jordan was born in Brooklyn, New York, to Deloris (née Peoples), who worked in banking, and James R. Jordan Sr., an equipment supervisor. His family moved to Wilmington, North Carolina, when he was a toddler.[8] Jordan is the fourth of five children. He has two older brothers, Larry Jordan and James R. Jordan, Jr., one older sister, Deloris, and one younger sister, Roslyn. Jordan's brother James retired in 2006 as the Command Sergeant Major
Sergeant Major
of the 35th Signal Brigade of the XVIII Airborne Corps in the U.S. Army.[9] High school career

Jordan getting ready to slam-dunk for the Laney High School varsity basketball team in 1979–80.

Jordan attended Emsley A. Laney High School
Emsley A. Laney High School
in Wilmington, where he highlighted his athletic career by playing basketball, baseball, and football. He tried out for the varsity basketball team during his sophomore year, but at 5'11" (1.80 m), he was deemed too short to play at that level. His taller friend, Harvest Leroy Smith, was the only sophomore to make the team.[10][11] Motivated to prove his worth, Jordan became the star of Laney's junior varsity squad, and tallied several 40-point games.[10] The following summer, he grew four inches (10 cm)[11][4] and trained rigorously. Upon earning a spot on the varsity roster, Jordan averaged about 20 points per game over his final two seasons of high school play.[12][13] As a senior, he was selected to the McDonald's All-American Team[14] after averaging a triple-double: 29.2 points, 11.6 rebounds, and 10.1 assists.[15] Jordan was recruited by numerous college basketball programs, including Duke, North Carolina, South Carolina, Syracuse, and Virginia.[16] In 1981, Jordan accepted a basketball scholarship to North Carolina, where he majored in cultural geography.[17] College career

Jordan's jersey in the rafters of The Dean Smith
Dean Smith
Center

As a freshman in coach Dean Smith's team-oriented system, he was named ACC Freshman of the Year after he averaged 13.4 points per game (ppg) on 53.4% shooting (field goal percentage).[18] He made the game-winning jump shot in the 1982 NCAA Championship game against Georgetown, which was led by future NBA rival Patrick Ewing.[4] Jordan later described this shot as the major turning point in his basketball career.[19] During his three seasons at North Carolina, he averaged 17.7 ppg on 54.0% shooting, and added 5.0 rebounds per game (rpg).[12] He was selected by consensus to the NCAA All-American First Team in both his sophomore (1983) and junior (1984) seasons. After winning the Naismith and the Wooden College Player of the Year awards in 1984, Jordan left North Carolina one year before his scheduled graduation to enter the 1984 NBA draft. The Chicago Bulls
Chicago Bulls
selected Jordan with the third overall pick, after Hakeem Olajuwon
Hakeem Olajuwon
(Houston Rockets) and Sam Bowie (Portland Trail Blazers). One of the primary reasons why Jordan was not drafted sooner was because the first two teams were in need of a center.[20] However, Trail Blazers general manager Stu Inman contended that it was not a matter of drafting a center, but more a matter of taking Sam Bowie
Sam Bowie
over Jordan, in part because Portland already had Clyde Drexler, who was a guard with similar skills to Jordan.[21] ESPN, citing Bowie's injury-laden college career, named the Blazers' choice of Bowie as the worst draft pick in North American professional sports history.[22] Jordan returned to North Carolina to complete his degree in 1986.[23] Professional career Early NBA years (1984–1987) During his rookie season in the NBA, Jordan averaged 28.2 ppg on 51.5% shooting.[18] He quickly became a fan favorite even in opposing arenas,[24][25][26] and appeared on the cover of Sports Illustrated with the heading "A Star Is Born" just over a month into his professional career.[27][28] Jordan was also voted in as an All-Star starter by the fans in his rookie season.[4] Controversy arose before the All-Star game when word surfaced that several veteran players—led by Isiah Thomas—were upset by the amount of attention Jordan was receiving.[4] This led to a so-called "freeze-out" on Jordan, where players refused to pass the ball to him throughout the game.[4] The controversy left Jordan relatively unaffected when he returned to regular season play, and he would go on to be voted Rookie of the Year.[29] The Bulls finished the season 38–44[30] and lost to the Milwaukee Bucks
Milwaukee Bucks
in four games in the first round of the playoffs.[29] Jordan's second season was cut short when he broke his foot in the third game of the year, causing him to miss 64 games.[4] Despite Jordan's injury and a 30–52 record (at the time it was fifth worst record of any team to qualify for the playoffs in NBA history),[30][31] the Bulls made the playoffs. Jordan recovered in time to participate in the playoffs and performed well upon his return. Against a 1985–86 Boston Celtics
Boston Celtics
team that is often considered one of the greatest in NBA history,[32] Jordan set the still-unbroken record for points in a playoff game with 63 in Game 2.[33] The Celtics, however, managed to sweep the series.[29] Jordan had completely recovered in time for the 1986–87 season, and he had one of the most prolific scoring seasons in NBA history. He joined Wilt Chamberlain
Wilt Chamberlain
as the only two players to score 3,000 points in a season, averaging a league high 37.1 points on 48.2% shooting.[18] In addition, Jordan demonstrated his defensive prowess, as he became the first player in NBA history to record 200 steals and 100 blocked shots in a season.[34] Despite Jordan's success, Magic Johnson won the league's Most Valuable Player Award. The Bulls reached 40 wins,[30] and advanced to the playoffs for the third consecutive year. However, they were again swept by the Celtics.[29] Pistons roadblock (1987–1990)

Jordan (center) in 1987

Jordan again led the league in scoring during the 1987–88 season, averaging 35.0 ppg on 53.5% shooting[18] and won his first league MVP Award. He was also named the Defensive Player of the Year, as he had averaged 1.6 blocks and a league high 3.16 steals per game.[35] The Bulls finished 50–32,[30] and made it out of the first round of the playoffs for the first time in Jordan's career, as they defeated the Cleveland Cavaliers
Cleveland Cavaliers
in five games.[36] However, the Bulls then lost in five games to the more experienced Detroit Pistons,[29] who were led by Isiah Thomas
Isiah Thomas
and a group of physical players known as the "Bad Boys".[37] In the 1988–89 season, Jordan again led the league in scoring, averaging 32.5 ppg on 53.8% shooting from the field, along with 8 rpg and 8 assists per game (apg).[18] The Bulls finished with a 47–35 record,[30] and advanced to the Eastern Conference Finals, defeating the Cavaliers and New York Knicks
New York Knicks
along the way. The Cavaliers series included a career highlight for Jordan when he hit The Shot over Craig Ehlo at the buzzer in the fifth and final game of the series.[38] However, the Pistons again defeated the Bulls, this time in six games,[29] by utilizing their "Jordan Rules" method of guarding Jordan, which consisted of double and triple teaming him every time he touched the ball.[4] The Bulls entered the 1989–90 season as a team on the rise, with their core group of Jordan and young improving players like Scottie Pippen and Horace Grant, and under the guidance of new coach Phil Jackson. Jordan averaged a league leading 33.6 ppg on 52.6% shooting, to go with 6.9 rpg and 6.3 apg[18] in leading the Bulls to a 55–27 record.[30] They again advanced to the Eastern Conference Finals after beating the Bucks and Philadelphia
Philadelphia
76ers. However, despite pushing the series to seven games, the Bulls lost to the Pistons for the third consecutive season.[29] First three-peat (1991–1993) In the 1990–91 season, Jordan won his second MVP award after averaging 31.5 ppg on 53.9% shooting, 6.0 rpg, and 5.5 apg for the regular season.[18] The Bulls finished in first place in their division for the first time in 16 years and set a franchise record with 61 wins in the regular season.[30] With Scottie Pippen
Scottie Pippen
developing into an All-Star, the Bulls had elevated their play. The Bulls defeated the New York Knicks
New York Knicks
and the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
76ers in the opening two rounds of the playoffs. They advanced to the Eastern Conference Finals where their rival, the Detroit Pistons, awaited them. However, this time the Bulls beat the Pistons in a four-game sweep.[39][40] The Bulls advanced to the NBA Finals
NBA Finals
for the first time in franchise history to face the Los Angeles Lakers, who had Magic Johnson
Magic Johnson
and James Worthy, two formidable opponents. The Bulls won the series four games to one, and compiled a 15–2 playoff record along the way.[39] Perhaps the best known moment of the series came in Game 2 when, attempting a dunk, Jordan avoided a potential Sam Perkins
Sam Perkins
block by switching the ball from his right hand to his left in mid-air to lay the shot into the basket.[41] In his first Finals appearance, Jordan posted per game averages of 31.2 points on 56% shooting from the field, 11.4 assists, 6.6 rebounds, 2.8 steals, and 1.4 blocks.[42] Jordan won his first NBA Finals
NBA Finals
MVP award,[43] and he cried while holding the NBA Finals
NBA Finals
trophy.[44] Jordan and the Bulls continued their dominance in the 1991–92 season, establishing a 67–15 record, topping their franchise record from 1990–91.[30] Jordan won his second consecutive MVP award with averages of 30.1 points, 6.4 rebounds and 6.1 assists per game on 52% shooting.[35] After winning a physical 7-game series over the New York Knicks in the second round of the playoffs and finishing off the Cleveland Cavaliers
Cleveland Cavaliers
in the Conference Finals in 6 games, the Bulls met Clyde Drexler
Clyde Drexler
and the Portland Trail Blazers
Portland Trail Blazers
in the Finals. The media, hoping to recreate a Magic–Bird rivalry, highlighted the similarities between "Air" Jordan and Clyde "The Glide" during the pre-Finals hype.[45] In the first game, Jordan scored a Finals-record 35 points in the first half, including a record-setting six three-point field goals.[46] After the sixth three-pointer, he jogged down the court shrugging as he looked courtside. Marv Albert, who broadcast the game, later stated that it was as if Jordan was saying, "I can't believe I'm doing this."[47] The Bulls went on to win Game 1, and defeat the Blazers in six games. Jordan was named Finals MVP for the second year in a row[43] and finished the series averaging 35.8 ppg, 4.8 rpg, and 6.5 apg, while shooting 53% from the floor.[43] In the 1992–93 season, despite a 32.6 ppg, 6.7 rpg, and 5.5 apg campaign,[35] Jordan's streak of consecutive MVP seasons ended as he lost the award to his friend Charles Barkley. Coincidentally, Jordan and the Bulls met Barkley and his Phoenix Suns
Phoenix Suns
in the 1993 NBA Finals. The Bulls won their third NBA championship on a game-winning shot by John Paxson and a last-second block by Horace Grant, but Jordan was once again Chicago's leader. He averaged a Finals-record 41.0 ppg during the six-game series,[48] and became the first player in NBA history to win three straight Finals MVP awards.[43] He scored more than 30 points in every game of the series, including 40 or more points in 4 consecutive games. With his third Finals triumph, Jordan capped off a seven-year run where he attained seven scoring titles and three championships, but there were signs that Jordan was tiring of his massive celebrity and all of the non-basketball hassles in his life.[49] Gambling controversy During the Bulls' playoff run in 1993, controversy arose when Jordan was seen gambling in Atlantic City, New Jersey, the night before a game against the New York Knicks.[50] In that same year, he admitted that he had to cover $57,000 in gambling losses,[51] and author Richard Esquinas wrote a book claiming he had won $1.25 million from Jordan on the golf course.[51] In 2005, Jordan talked to Ed Bradley of the CBS
CBS
evening show 60 Minutes
60 Minutes
about his gambling and admitted that he made some reckless decisions. Jordan stated, "Yeah, I've gotten myself into situations where I would not walk away and I've pushed the envelope. Is that compulsive? Yeah, it depends on how you look at it. If you're willing to jeopardize your livelihood and your family, then yeah."[52] When Bradley asked him if his gambling ever got to the level where it jeopardized his livelihood or family, Jordan replied, "No."[52] First retirement and stint in minor league baseball (1993–1994)

Michael Jordan

Birmingham Barons
Birmingham Barons
– No. 45 & No. 35

Outfielder

Batted: Right Threw: Right

Professional debut

Southern League: April 8, 1994, for the Birmingham Barons

Arizona Fall League: 1994, for the Scottsdale Scorpions

Last Southern League appearance

March 10, 1995, for the Birmingham Barons

Southern League statistics (through 1994)

Batting average .202

Home runs 3

Runs batted in 51

Arizona Fall League
Arizona Fall League
statistics

Batting average .252

Teams

Birmingham Barons
Birmingham Barons
(1994–1995) Scottsdale Scorpions
Scottsdale Scorpions
(1994)

Jordan in training with the Scottsdale Scorpions

On October 6, 1993, Jordan announced his retirement, citing a loss of desire to play the game. Jordan later stated that the death of his father three months earlier also shaped his decision.[53] Jordan's father was murdered on July 23, 1993, at a highway rest area in Lumberton, North Carolina, by two teenagers, Daniel Green and Larry Martin Demery, who carjacked his luxury Lexus
Lexus
bearing the license plate "UNC 0023".[54][55] His body was dumped in a South Carolina swamp and was not discovered until August 3.[55] The assailants were traced from calls that they made on James Jordan's cell phone.[56] The two criminals were caught, convicted at trial, and sentenced to life in prison. Jordan was close to his father; as a child he had imitated his father's proclivity to stick out his tongue while absorbed in work. He later adopted it as his own signature, displaying it each time he drove to the basket.[4] In 1996, he founded a Chicago
Chicago
area Boys & Girls Club and dedicated it to his father.[57][58] In his 1998 autobiography For the Love of the Game, Jordan wrote that he had been preparing for retirement as early as the summer of 1992.[59] The added exhaustion due to the Dream Team run in the 1992 Olympics solidified Jordan's feelings about the game and his ever-growing celebrity status. Jordan's announcement sent shock waves throughout the NBA and appeared on the front pages of newspapers around the world.[60] Jordan then further surprised the sports world by signing a minor league baseball contract with the Chicago White Sox
Chicago White Sox
on February 7, 1994.[61] He reported to spring training in Sarasota, Florida, and was assigned to the team's minor league system on March 31, 1994.[62] Jordan has stated this decision was made to pursue the dream of his late father, who had always envisioned his son as a Major League Baseball
Baseball
player.[63] The White Sox were another team owned by Bulls owner Jerry Reinsdorf, who continued to honor Jordan's basketball contract during the years he played baseball.[64] In 1994, Jordan played for the Birmingham Barons, a Double-A minor league affiliate of the Chicago
Chicago
White Sox, batting .202 with three home runs, 51 runs batted in, 30 stolen bases, 114 strikeouts, 51 base on balls, and 11 errors.[13] He also appeared for the Scottsdale Scorpions in the 1994 Arizona Fall League, batting .252 against the top prospects in baseball.[62] On November 1, 1994, his number 23 was retired by the Bulls in a ceremony that included the erection of a permanent sculpture known as The Spirit outside the new United Center.[65][66][67] "I'm back": Return to the NBA (1995) In the 1993–94 season, the Bulls, without Jordan, achieved a 55–27 record,[30] and lost to the New York Knicks
New York Knicks
in the second round of the playoffs. But the 1994–95 Bulls were a shell of the championship team of just two years earlier. Struggling at mid-season to ensure a spot in the playoffs, Chicago
Chicago
was 31–31 at one point in mid-March.[68] The team received help, however, when Jordan decided to return to the NBA for the Bulls.[69] In March 1995, Jordan decided to quit baseball due to the ongoing Major League Baseball
Baseball
strike, as he wanted to avoid becoming a potential replacement player.[70] On March 18, 1995, Jordan announced his return to the NBA through a two-word press release: "I'm back."[4] The next day, Jordan took to the court with the Bulls to face the Indiana Pacers
Indiana Pacers
in Indianapolis, scoring 19 points.[71] The game had the highest Nielsen rating of a regular season NBA game since 1975.[72] Although he could have opted to wear his normal number in spite of the Bulls having retired it, Jordan instead wore number 45, as he had while playing baseball.[71] Although he had not played an NBA game in a year and a half, Jordan played well upon his return, making a game-winning jump shot against Atlanta in his fourth game back. He then scored 55 points in the next game against the Knicks at Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden
on March 28, 1995.[29] Boosted by Jordan's comeback, the Bulls went 13–4 to make the playoffs and advanced to the Eastern Conference Semifinals against the Orlando Magic. At the end of Game 1, Orlando's Nick Anderson stripped Jordan from behind, leading to the game-winning basket for the Magic; he would later comment that Jordan "didn't look like the old Michael Jordan"[73] and that "No. 45 doesn't explode like No. 23 used to."[74] Jordan responded by scoring 38 points in the next game, which Chicago won. Before the game, Jordan decided that he would resume wearing his former number, 23, immediately. The Bulls were fined $25,000 for failing to report the impromptu number change to the NBA.[74] Jordan was fined an additional $5,000 for opting to wear white shoes as the rest of the Bulls wore black.[75] He averaged 31 points per game in the series, but Orlando won the series in 6 games.[12] Second three-peat (1995–1998) Freshly motivated by the playoff defeat, Jordan trained aggressively for the 1995–96 season.[76] Strengthened by the addition of rebound specialist Dennis Rodman, the Bulls dominated the league, starting the season 41–3,[77] and eventually finishing with the then-best regular season record in NBA history (later surpassed by the 2015–16 Golden State Warriors): 72–10.[78] Jordan led the league in scoring with 30.4 ppg,[79] and won the league's regular season and All-Star Game MVP awards.[4] In the playoffs, the Bulls lost only three games in four series (Miami Heat 3–0, New York Knicks
New York Knicks
4–1, Orlando Magic
Orlando Magic
4–0). They defeated the Seattle SuperSonics 4–2 in the NBA Finals
NBA Finals
to win their fourth championship. Jordan was named Finals MVP for a record fourth time,[43] surpassing Magic Johnson's three Finals MVP awards. He also achieved only the second sweep of the MVP Awards in the All-Star Game, regular season and NBA Finals, Willis Reed
Willis Reed
having achieved the first, during the 1969–70 season.[29] Because this was Jordan's first championship since his father's murder, and it was won on Father's Day, Jordan reacted very emotionally upon winning the title, including a memorable scene of him crying on the locker room floor with the game ball.[4][44] In the 1996–97 season, the Bulls started out 69–11, but missed out on a second consecutive 70-win season by losing their final two games to finish 69–13.[80] However, this year Jordan was beaten for the NBA MVP Award by Karl Malone. The Bulls again advanced to the Finals, where they faced Malone and the Utah Jazz. The series against the Jazz featured two of the more memorable clutch moments of Jordan's career. He won Game 1 for the Bulls with a buzzer-beating jump shot. In Game 5, with the series tied at 2, Jordan played despite being feverish and dehydrated from a stomach virus. In what is known as the "Flu Game", Jordan scored 38 points, including the game-deciding 3-pointer with 25 seconds remaining.[81] The Bulls won 90–88 and went on to win the series in six games.[80] For the fifth time in as many Finals appearances, Jordan received the Finals MVP award.[43] During the 1997 NBA All-Star Game, Jordan posted the first triple double in All-Star Game history in a victorious effort; however, he did not receive the MVP award.[82]

Jordan with coach Phil Jackson
Phil Jackson
in 1997

Jordan and the Bulls compiled a 62–20 record in the 1997–98 season.[30] Jordan led the league with 28.7 points per game,[35] securing his fifth regular-season MVP award, plus honors for All-NBA First Team, First Defensive Team and the All-Star Game MVP.[4] The Bulls won the Eastern Conference Championship for a third straight season, including surviving a seven-game series with the Indiana Pacers in the Eastern Conference Finals; it was the first time Jordan had played in a Game 7 since the 1992 Eastern Conference Semifinals with the Knicks.[83][84] After winning, they moved on for a rematch with the Jazz in the Finals.[85] The Bulls returned to the Delta Center
Delta Center
for Game 6 on June 14, 1998, leading the series 3–2. Jordan executed a series of plays, considered to be one of the greatest clutch performances in NBA Finals history.[86] With the Bulls trailing 86–83 with 41.9 seconds remaining in the fourth quarter, Phil Jackson
Phil Jackson
called a timeout. When play resumed, Jordan received the inbound pass, drove to the basket, and hit a shot over several Jazz defenders, cutting the Utah lead to 86–85.[86] The Jazz brought the ball upcourt and passed the ball to forward Karl Malone, who was set up in the low post and was being guarded by Rodman. Malone jostled with Rodman and caught the pass, but Jordan cut behind him and took the ball out of his hands for a steal.[86] Jordan then dribbled down the court and paused, eyeing his defender, Jazz guard Bryon Russell. With 10 seconds remaining, Jordan started to dribble right, then crossed over to his left, possibly pushing off Russell,[87][88][89] although the officials did not call a foul. With 5.2 seconds left, Jordan gave Chicago
Chicago
an 87–86 lead with a game-winning jumper, the climactic shot of his Bulls career. Afterwards, John Stockton
John Stockton
missed a game-winning three-pointer. Jordan and the Bulls won their sixth NBA championship and second three-peat. Once again, Jordan was voted the Finals MVP,[43] having led all scorers averaging 33.5 points per game, including 45 in the deciding Game 6.[90] Jordan's six Finals MVPs is a record; Shaquille O'Neal, Magic Johnson, LeBron James
LeBron James
and Tim Duncan
Tim Duncan
are tied for second place with three apiece.[43] The 1998 Finals holds the highest television rating of any Finals series in history. Game 6 also holds the highest television rating of any game in NBA history.[91][92] Second retirement (1999–2001)

Plaque at the United Center chronicling Jordan's career achievements.

With Phil Jackson's contract expiring, the pending departures of Scottie Pippen
Scottie Pippen
and Dennis Rodman
Dennis Rodman
looming, and being in the latter stages of an owner-induced lockout of NBA players, Jordan retired for the second time on January 13, 1999.[93][94][95] On January 19, 2000, Jordan returned to the NBA not as a player, but as part owner and President of Basketball
Basketball
Operations for the Washington Wizards.[96] Jordan's responsibilities with the Wizards were comprehensive. He controlled all aspects of the Wizards' basketball operations, and had the final say in all personnel matters. Opinions of Jordan as a basketball executive were mixed.[97][98] He managed to purge the team of several highly paid, unpopular players (such as forward Juwan Howard and point guard Rod Strickland),[99][100] but used the first pick in the 2001 NBA draft
NBA draft
to select high schooler Kwame Brown, who did not live up to expectations and was traded away after four seasons.[97][101] Despite his January 1999 claim that he was "99.9% certain" that he would never play another NBA game,[44] in the summer of 2001 Jordan expressed interest in making another comeback,[102][103] this time with his new team. Inspired by the NHL comeback of his friend Mario Lemieux the previous winter,[104] Jordan spent much of the spring and summer of 2001 in training, holding several invitation-only camps for NBA players in Chicago.[105] In addition, Jordan hired his old Chicago Bulls head coach, Doug Collins, as Washington's coach for the upcoming season, a decision that many saw as foreshadowing another Jordan return.[102][103] Washington Wizards
Washington Wizards
comeback (2001–2003)

Jordan as a member of the Washington Wizards
Washington Wizards
on April 14, 2003

On September 25, 2001, Jordan announced his return to the NBA to play for the Washington Wizards, indicating his intention to donate his salary as a player to a relief effort for the victims of the September 11, 2001 attacks.[106][107] In an injury-plagued 2001–02 season, he led the team in scoring (22.9 ppg), assists (5.2 apg), and steals (1.42 spg).[4] However, torn cartilage in his right knee ended Jordan's season after only 60 games, the fewest he had played in a regular season since playing 17 games after returning from his first retirement during the 1994–95 season.[18] Jordan started 53 of his 60 games for the season, averaging 24.3 points, 5.4 assists, and 6.0 rebounds, and shooting 41.9% from the field in his 53 starts. His last seven appearances were in a reserve role, in which he averaged just over 20 minutes per game.[108] Playing in his 14th and final NBA All-Star Game in 2003, Jordan passed Kareem Abdul-Jabbar
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar
as the all-time leading scorer in All-Star Game history (a record since broken by Kobe Bryant).[109] That year, Jordan was the only Washington player to play in all 82 games, starting in 67 of them. He averaged 20.0 points, 6.1 rebounds, 3.8 assists, and 1.5 steals per game.[4] He also shot 45% from the field, and 82% from the free throw line.[4] Even though he turned 40 during the season, he scored 20 or more points 42 times, 30 or more points nine times, and 40 or more points three times.[29] On February 21, 2003, Jordan became the first 40-year-old to tally 43 points in an NBA game.[110] During his stint with the Wizards, all of Jordan's home games at the MCI Center were sold out, and the Wizards were the second most-watched team in the NBA, averaging 20,172 fans a game at home and 19,311 on the road.[111] However, neither of Jordan's final two seasons resulted in a playoff appearance for the Wizards, and Jordan was often unsatisfied with the play of those around him.[112][113] At several points he openly criticized his teammates to the media, citing their lack of focus and intensity, notably that of the number one draft pick in the 2001 NBA draft, Kwame Brown.[112][113] With the recognition that 2002–03 would be Jordan's final season, tributes were paid to him throughout the NBA. In his final game at his old home court, the United Center in Chicago, Jordan received a four-minute standing ovation.[114] The Miami Heat
Miami Heat
retired the number 23 jersey on April 11, 2003, even though Jordan never played for the team.[115] At the 2003 All-Star Game, Jordan was offered a starting spot from Tracy McGrady
Tracy McGrady
and Allen Iverson,[116] but refused both. In the end, he accepted the spot of Vince Carter, who decided to give it up under great public pressure.[117] Jordan played in his final NBA game on April 16, 2003 in Philadelphia. After scoring only 13 points in the game, Jordan went to the bench with 4 minutes and 13 seconds remaining in the third quarter and with his team trailing the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
76ers, 75–56. Just after the start of the fourth quarter, the First Union Center
First Union Center
crowd began chanting "We want Mike!" After much encouragement from coach Doug Collins, Jordan finally rose from the bench and re-entered the game, replacing Larry Hughes
Larry Hughes
with 2:35 remaining. At 1:45, Jordan was intentionally fouled by the 76ers' Eric Snow, and stepped to the line to make both free throws. After the second foul shot, the 76ers in-bounded the ball to rookie John Salmons, who in turn was intentionally fouled by Bobby Simmons
Bobby Simmons
one second later, stopping time so that Jordan could return to the bench. Jordan received a three-minute standing ovation from his teammates, his opponents, the officials, and the crowd of 21,257 fans.[118] Olympic career

Jordan on the "Dream Team" in 1992

Jordan played on two Olympic gold medal-winning American basketball teams. He won a gold medal as a college player in the 1984 Summer Olympics. The team was coached by Bob Knight
Bob Knight
and featured players such as Patrick Ewing, Sam Perkins, Chris Mullin, Steve Alford, and Wayman Tisdale. Jordan led the team in scoring, averaging 17.1 ppg for the tournament.[119] In the 1992 Summer Olympics, he was a member of the star-studded squad that included Magic Johnson, Larry Bird, and David Robinson and was dubbed the "Dream Team". Jordan was the only player to start all 8 games in the Olympics. Playing limited minutes due to the frequent blowouts, Jordan averaged 14.9 ppg,[120] finishing second on the team in scoring.[121] Jordan and fellow Dream Team members Patrick Ewing and Chris Mullin are the only American men's basketball players to win Olympic gold medals as amateurs and professionals.[119][120] Post-retirement

Jordan on a golf course in 2007

After his third retirement, Jordan assumed that he would be able to return to his front office position as Director of Basketball Operations with the Wizards.[122] However, his previous tenure in the Wizards' front office had produced the aforementioned mixed results and may have also influenced the trade of Richard "Rip" Hamilton for Jerry Stackhouse
Jerry Stackhouse
(although Jordan was not technically Director of Basketball
Basketball
Operations in 2002).[97] On May 7, 2003, Wizards owner Abe Pollin fired Jordan as Washington's President of Basketball Operations.[97] Jordan later stated that he felt betrayed, and that if he had known he would be fired upon retiring he never would have come back to play for the Wizards.[52] Jordan kept busy over the next few years. He stayed in shape, played golf in celebrity charity tournaments, and spent time with his family in Chicago. He also promoted his Jordan Brand clothing line and rode motorcycles.[123] Since 2004, Jordan has owned Michael Jordan Motorsports, a professional closed-course motorcycle road racing team that competed with two Suzukis in the premier Superbike championship sanctioned by the American Motorcyclist Association
American Motorcyclist Association
(AMA) until the end of the 2013 season.[124][125] In 2006, Jordan and his wife Juanita pledged $5 million to Chicago's Hales Franciscan High School.[126] The Jordan Brand has made donations to Habitat for Humanity and a Louisiana
Louisiana
branch of the Boys & Girls Clubs of America.[127] Charlotte Bobcats/Hornets On June 15, 2006, Jordan bought a minority stake in the Charlotte Bobcats, becoming the team's second-largest shareholder behind majority owner Robert L. Johnson. As part of the deal, Jordan took full control over the basketball side of the operation, with the title "Managing Member of Basketball
Basketball
Operations."[128] Despite Jordan's previous success as an endorser, he has made an effort not to be included in Charlotte's marketing campaigns.[129] A decade earlier, Jordan had made a bid to become part-owner of Charlotte's original NBA team, the Charlotte Hornets, but talks collapsed when owner George Shinn refused to give Jordan complete control of basketball operations.[130] In February 2010, it was reported that Jordan was seeking majority ownership of the Bobcats.[131] As February wore on, it became apparent that Jordan and former Houston Rockets
Houston Rockets
president George Postolos were the leading contenders for ownership of the team. On February 27, the Bobcats announced that Johnson had reached an agreement with Jordan and his group, MJ Basketball
Basketball
Holdings, to buy the team pending NBA approval.[132] On March 17, the NBA Board of Governors unanimously approved Jordan's purchase, making him the first former player to become the majority owner of an NBA team.[133] It also made him the league's only African-American majority owner of an NBA team.[134] During the 2011 NBA lockout, The New York Times
The New York Times
wrote that Jordan led a group of 10 to 14 hardline owners who wanted to cap the players' share of basketball-related income at 50 percent and as low as 47. Journalists observed that, during the labor dispute in 1998, Jordan had told Washington Wizards
Washington Wizards
then-owner Abe Pollin, "If you can't make a profit, you should sell your team."[135] Jason Whitlock of FoxSports.com
FoxSports.com
called Jordan a "sellout" wanting "current players to pay for his incompetence."[136] He cited Jordan's executive decisions to draft disappointing players Kwame Brown
Kwame Brown
and Adam Morrison.[136] During the 2011–12 NBA season that was shortened to 66 games by the lockout, the Bobcats posted a 7–59 record. Their .106 winning percentage was the worst in NBA history.[137] "I'm not real happy about the record book scenario last year. It's very, very frustrating", Jordan said later that year.[138] Player profile

Jordan goes to the basket for a score in 1987.

Jordan was a shooting guard who was also capable of playing as a small forward (the position he would primarily play during his second return to professional basketball with the Washington Wizards), and as a point guard.[12] Jordan was known throughout his career for being a strong clutch performer. With the Bulls, he decided 25 games with field goals or free throws in the last 30 seconds, including two NBA Finals games and five other playoff contests.[139] His competitiveness was visible in his prolific trash-talk[140] and well-known work ethic.[141][142] As the Bulls organization built the franchise around Jordan, management had to trade away players who were not "tough enough" to compete with him in practice. To help improve his defense, he spent extra hours studying film of opponents. On offense, he relied more upon instinct and improvisation at game time.[143] Noted as a durable player, Jordan did not miss four or more games while active for a full season from 1986–87 to 2001–02, when he injured his right knee.[12][144] He played all 82 games nine times. Jordan has frequently cited David Thompson, Walter Davis, and Jerry West
Jerry West
as influences.[145][146] Confirmed at the start of his career, and possibly later on, Jordan had a special "Love of the Game Clause" written into his contract (unusual at the time) which allowed him to play basketball against anyone at any time, anywhere.[147] Jordan had a versatile offensive game. He was capable of aggressively driving to the basket, as well as drawing fouls from his opponents at a high rate; his 8,772 free throw attempts are the ninth-highest total of all time.[148] As his career progressed, Jordan also developed the ability to post up his opponents and score with his trademark fadeaway jump shot, using his leaping ability to "fade away" from block attempts. According to Hubie Brown, this move alone made him nearly unstoppable.[149] Despite media criticism as a "selfish" player early in his career, Jordan's 5.3 assists per game[18] also indicate his willingness to defer to his teammates. After shooting under 30% from three-point range in his first five seasons in the NBA, including a career-low 13% in the 1987–88 season, Jordan improved to a career-high 50% in the 1994–95 season.[18] The three-point shot became more of a focus of his game from 1994–95 to 1996–97, when the NBA shortened its three-point line to 22 ft (6.7 m) (from 23 ft 9 in (7.24 m)).[150] His three-point field-goal percentages ranged from 35% to 43% in seasons in which he attempted at least 230 three-pointers between 1989–90 and 1996–97.[12] For a guard, Jordan was also a good rebounder (6.2 per game).[18] In 1988, Jordan was honored with the NBA's Defensive Player of the Year Award and became the first NBA player to win both the Defensive Player of the Year and MVP awards in a career (since equaled by Hakeem Olajuwon, David Robinson, and Kevin Garnett; Olajuwon is the only player other than Jordan to win both during the same season). In addition, he set both seasonal and career records for blocked shots by a guard,[151] and combined this with his ball-thieving ability to become a standout defensive player. He ranks third in NBA history in total steals with 2,514, trailing John Stockton
John Stockton
and Jason Kidd.[152] Jerry West
Jerry West
often stated that he was more impressed with Jordan's defensive contributions than his offensive ones.[153] He was also known to have strong eyesight; broadcaster Al Michaels
Al Michaels
said that he was able to read baseball box scores on a 27-inch television clearly from about 50 feet away.[154] NBA career statistics For a comprehensive listing of Jordan's statistics, see List of career achievements by Michael Jordan.

Legend

  GP Games played   GS  Games started  MPG  Minutes per game

 FG%  Field goal percentage  3P%  3-point field goal percentage  FT%  Free throw
Free throw
percentage

 RPG  Rebounds per game  APG  Assists per game  SPG  Steals per game

 BPG  Blocks per game  PPG  Points per game  Bold  Career high

† Denotes seasons in which Jordan won an NBA championship

* Led the league

NBA record

Regular season

Year Team GP GS MPG FG% 3P% FT% RPG APG SPG BPG PPG

1984–85 Chicago 82* 82* 38.3 .515 .173 .845 6.5 5.9 2.4 .8 28.2

1985–86 Chicago 18 7 25.1 .457 .167 .840 3.6 2.9 2.1 1.2 22.7

1986–87 Chicago 82* 82* 40.0 .482 .182 .857 5.2 4.6 2.9 1.5 37.1*

1987–88 Chicago 82 82* 40.4* .535 .132 .841 5.5 5.9 3.2* 1.6 35.0*

1988–89 Chicago 81 81 40.2* .538 .276 .850 8.0 8.0 2.9 .8 32.5*

1989–90 Chicago 82* 82* 39.0 .526 .376 .848 6.9 6.3 2.8* .7 33.6*

1990–91† Chicago 82* 82* 37.0 .539 .312 .851 6.0 5.5 2.7 1.0 31.5*

1991–92† Chicago 80 80 38.8 .519 .270 .832 6.4 6.1 2.3 .9 30.1*

1992–93† Chicago 78 78 39.3 .495 .352 .837 6.7 5.5 2.8* .8 32.6*

1994–95 Chicago 17 17 39.3 .411 .500 .801 6.9 5.3 1.8 .8 26.9

1995–96† Chicago 82 82 37.7 .495 .427 .834 6.6 4.3 2.2 .5 30.4*

1996–97† Chicago 82 82* 37.9 .486 .374 .833 5.9 4.3 1.7 .5 29.6*

1997–98† Chicago 82* 82* 38.8 .465 .238 .784 5.8 3.5 1.7 .5 28.7*

2001–02 Washington 60 53 34.9 .416 .189 .790 5.7 5.2 1.4 .4 22.9

2002–03 Washington 82 67 37.0 .445 .291 .821 6.1 3.8 1.5 .5 20.0

Career 1,072 1,039 38.3 .497 .327 .835 6.2 5.3 2.3 .8 30.1

All-Star 13 13 29.4 .472 .273 .750 4.7 4.2 2.8 .5 20.2

Playoffs

Year Team GP GS MPG FG% 3P% FT% RPG APG SPG BPG PPG

1985 Chicago 4 4 42.8 .436 .125 .828 5.8 8.5 2.8 1.0 29.3

1986 Chicago 3 3 45.0 .505 1.000 .872 6.3 5.7 2.3 1.3 43.7

1987 Chicago 3 3 42.7 .417 .400 .897 7.0 6.0 2.0 2.3 35.7

1988 Chicago 10 10 42.7 .531 .333 .869 7.1 4.7 2.4 1.1 36.3

1989 Chicago 17 17 42.2 .510 .286 .799 7.0 7.6 2.5 .8 34.8

1990 Chicago 16 16 42.1 .514 .320 .836 7.2 6.8 2.8 .9 36.7

1991† Chicago 17 17 40.5 .524 .385 .845 6.4 8.4 2.4 1.4 31.1

1992† Chicago 22 22 41.8 .499 .386 .857 6.2 5.8 2.0 .7 34.5

1993† Chicago 19 19 41.2 .475 .389 .805 6.7 6.0 2.1 .9 35.1

1995 Chicago 10 10 42.0 .484 .367 .810 6.5 4.5 2.3 1.4 31.5

1996† Chicago 18 18 40.7 .459 .403 .818 4.9 4.1 1.8 .3 30.7

1997† Chicago 19 19 42.3 .456 .194 .831 7.9 4.8 1.6 .9 31.1

1998† Chicago 21 21 41.5 .462 .302 .812 5.1 3.5 1.5 .6 32.4

Career 179 179 41.8 .487 .332 .828 6.4 5.7 2.1 .8 33.4

Legacy

Jordan in 1997

Jordan's marked talent was clear from his rookie season.[24][26] In his first game in Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden
against the New York Knicks, Jordan received a prolonged standing ovation,[26] a rarity for an opposing player. After Jordan scored a playoff record 63 points against the Boston Celtics
Boston Celtics
on April 20, 1986, Celtics star Larry Bird described him as "God disguised as Michael Jordan."[33] Jordan led the NBA in scoring in 10 seasons (NBA record) and tied Wilt Chamberlain's record of seven consecutive scoring titles.[4] He was also a fixture on the NBA All-Defensive First Team, making the roster nine times (NBA record shared with Gary Payton, Kevin Garnett
Kevin Garnett
and Kobe Bryant).[155] Jordan also holds the top career regular season and playoff scoring averages of 30.1 and 33.4 points per game,[4] respectively. By 1998, the season of his Finals-winning shot against the Jazz, he was well known throughout the league as a clutch performer. In the regular season, Jordan was the Bulls' primary threat in the final seconds of a close game and in the playoffs, Jordan would always demand the ball at crunch time.[156] Jordan's total of 5,987 points in the playoffs is the second-highest in NBA history.[157] He retired with 32,292 points in regular season play,[158] placing him fourth on the NBA's all-time scoring list behind Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Karl Malone, and Kobe Bryant.[158] With five regular-season MVPs (tied for second place with Bill Russell—only Kareem Abdul-Jabbar
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar
has won more, with six), six Finals MVPs (NBA record), and three All-Star MVPs, Jordan is the most decorated NBA player. Jordan finished among the top three in regular-season MVP voting a record 10 times, and was named one of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History
50 Greatest Players in NBA History
in 1996. He is one of only seven players in history to win an NCAA championship, an NBA championship, and an Olympic gold medal
Olympic gold medal
(doing so twice with the 1984 and 1992 U.S. men's basketball teams).[159] Since 1976, the year of the NBA's merger with the American Basketball
Basketball
Association,[160] Jordan and Pippen are the only two players to win six NBA Finals
NBA Finals
playing for one team.[161] In the All-Star Game fan ballot, Jordan received the most votes nine times, more than any other player.[162]

"There's Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan
and then there is the rest of us."

—Magic Johnson[4]

Many of Jordan's contemporaries say that Jordan is the greatest basketball player of all time.[153] In 1999, an ESPN
ESPN
survey of journalists, athletes and other sports figures ranked Jordan the greatest North American athlete of the 20th century, above such luminaries as Babe Ruth
Babe Ruth
and Muhammad Ali.[163] Jordan placed second to Babe Ruth
Babe Ruth
in the Associated Press's December 1999 list of 20th century athletes.[164] In addition, the Associated Press
Associated Press
voted him as the greatest basketball player of the 20th century.[165] Jordan has also appeared on the front cover of Sports Illustrated
Sports Illustrated
a record 50 times.[166] In the September 1996 issue of Sport, which was the publication's 50th anniversary issue, Jordan was named the greatest athlete of the past 50 years.[167] Jordan's athletic leaping ability, highlighted in his back-to-back slam dunk contest championships in 1987 and 1988, is credited by many with having influenced a generation of young players.[168][169] Several current NBA All-Stars have stated that they considered Jordan their role model while growing up, including LeBron James[170] and Dwyane Wade.[171] In addition, commentators have dubbed a number of next-generation players "the next Michael Jordan" upon their entry to the NBA, including Anfernee "Penny" Hardaway, Grant Hill, Allen Iverson, Kobe Bryant, LeBron James, Vince Carter, and Dwyane Wade.[172][173][174] Although Jordan was a well-rounded player, his "Air Jordan" image is also often credited with inadvertently decreasing the jump shooting skills, defense, and fundamentals of young players,[168] a fact Jordan himself has lamented.

I think it was the exposure of Michael Jordan; the marketing of Michael Jordan. Everything was marketed towards the things that people wanted to see, which was scoring and dunking. That Michael Jordan still played defense and an all-around game, but it was never really publicized.[168]

Although Jordan has done much to increase the status of the game, some of his impact on the game's popularity in America appears to be fleeting.[175] Television ratings in particular increased only during his time in the league,[175] and Finals ratings have not returned to the level reached during his last championship-winning season.[176]

Jordan receiving the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Presidential Medal of Freedom
from President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
at the White House .

In August 2009, the Basketball
Basketball
Hall of Fame in Springfield, Massachusetts, opened a Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan
exhibit that contained items from his college and NBA careers, as well as from the 1992 "Dream Team". The exhibit also has a batting glove to signify Jordan's short career in minor league baseball.[177] After Jordan received word of his acceptance into the Hall of Fame, he selected Class of 1996 member David Thompson to present him.[178] As Jordan would later explain during his induction speech in September 2009, growing up in North Carolina, he was not a fan of the Tar Heels, and greatly admired Thompson, who played at rival North Carolina State. He was inducted into the Hall in September, with several former Bulls teammates in attendance, including Scottie Pippen, Dennis Rodman, Charles Oakley, Ron Harper, Steve Kerr, and Toni Kukoč.[179] Two of Jordan's former coaches, Dean Smith
Dean Smith
and Doug Collins, were also among those present. His emotional reaction during his speech—when he began to cry—was captured by Associated Press
Associated Press
photographer Stephan Savoia and would later become widely shared on social media as the Crying Jordan Internet meme.[180][181] In 2016, President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
honored Jordan with a Presidential Medal of Freedom.[182] Personal life Jordan married Juanita Vanoy in September 1989, and they had two sons, Jeffrey Michael and Marcus James, and a daughter, Jasmine. Jordan and Vanoy filed for divorce on January 4, 2002, citing irreconcilable differences, but reconciled shortly thereafter. They again filed for divorce and were granted a final decree of dissolution of marriage on December 29, 2006, commenting that the decision was made "mutually and amicably".[183][184] It is reported that Juanita received a $168 million settlement (equivalent to $204 million in 2017), making it the largest celebrity divorce settlement on public record at the time.[185][186] In 1991, Jordan purchased a lot in Highland Park, Illinois, to build a 56,000 square foot mansion, which was completed four years later. Jordan listed his Highland Park mansion for sale in 2012.[187] Both of his sons attended Loyola Academy, a private Roman Catholic high school located in Wilmette, Illinois.[188] Jeffrey graduated as a member of the 2007 graduating class and played his first collegiate basketball game on November 11, 2007, for the University of Illinois. After two seasons, Jeffrey left the Illinois basketball team in 2009. He later rejoined the team for a third season,[189][190] then received a release to transfer to the University of Central Florida, where Marcus was attending.[191][192] Marcus transferred to Whitney Young High School after his sophomore year at Loyola Academy
Loyola Academy
and graduated in 2009. He began attending UCF in the fall of 2009,[193] and played three seasons of basketball for the school.[194] On July 21, 2006, a judge in Cook County, Illinois, determined that Jordan did not owe his alleged former lover Karla Knafel $5 million in a breach of contract claim.[195] Jordan had allegedly paid Knafel $250,000 to keep their relationship a secret.[196][197][198] Knafel claimed Jordan promised her $5 million for remaining silent and agreeing not to file a paternity suit after Knafel learned she was pregnant in 1991. A DNA test showed Jordan was not the father of the child.[195] He proposed to his longtime girlfriend, Cuban-American model Yvette Prieto, on Christmas 2011,[199] and they were married on April 27, 2013, at Bethesda-by-the-Sea
Bethesda-by-the-Sea
Episcopal Church.[200][201] It was announced on November 30, 2013, that the two were expecting their first child together.[202][203] On February 11, 2014, Prieto gave birth to identical twin daughters named Victoria and Ysabel.[204] Media figure and business interests

Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan
in 2008

Jordan is one of the most marketed sports figures in history. He has been a major spokesman for such brands as Nike, Coca-Cola, Chevrolet, Gatorade, McDonald's, Ball Park Franks, Rayovac, Wheaties, Hanes, and MCI.[205] Jordan has had a long relationship with Gatorade, appearing in over 20 commercials for the company since 1991, including the "Be Like Mike" commercials in which a song was sung by children wishing to be like Jordan.[205][206] Nike created a signature shoe for him, called the Air Jordan. One of Jordan's more popular commercials for the shoe involved Spike Lee playing the part of Mars Blackmon. In the commercials Lee, as Blackmon, attempted to find the source of Jordan's abilities and became convinced that "it's gotta be the shoes".[205] The hype and demand for the shoes even brought on a spate of "shoe-jackings" where people were robbed of their sneakers at gunpoint. Subsequently, Nike spun off the Jordan line into its own division named the "Jordan Brand". The company features an impressive list of athletes and celebrities as endorsers.[207][208] The brand has also sponsored college sports programs such as those of North Carolina, Cal, Georgetown, and Marquette.[209] Jordan also has been associated with the Looney Tunes
Looney Tunes
cartoon characters. A Nike commercial shown during 1992's Super Bowl XXVI featured Jordan and Bugs Bunny
Bugs Bunny
playing basketball.[210] The Super Bowl commercial inspired the 1996 live action/animated film Space Jam, which starred Jordan and Bugs in a fictional story set during the former's first retirement from basketball.[211] They have subsequently appeared together in several commercials for MCI.[211] Jordan also made an appearance in the music video of Michael Jackson's "Jam" (1992).[212] Jordan's yearly income from the endorsements is estimated to be over forty million dollars.[213][214] In addition, when Jordan's power at the ticket gates was at its highest point, the Bulls regularly sold out both their home and road games.[215] Due to this, Jordan set records in player salary by signing annual contracts worth in excess of US $30 million per season.[216] An academic study found that Jordan's first NBA comeback resulted in an increase in the market capitalization of his client firms of more than $1 billion.[217] Most of Jordan's endorsement deals, including his first deal with Nike, were engineered by his agent, David Falk.[218] Jordan has described Falk as "the best at what he does" and that "marketing-wise, he's great. He's the one who came up with the concept of 'Air Jordan.'"[219] In June 2010, Jordan was ranked by Forbes
Forbes
magazine as the 20th-most powerful celebrity in the world with $55 million earned between June 2009 and June 2010. According to the Forbes
Forbes
article, Jordan Brand generates $1 billion in sales for Nike.[220] In June 2014, Jordan was named the first NBA player to become a billionaire, after he increased his stake in the Charlotte Hornets
Charlotte Hornets
from 80% to 89.5%.[221][222] On January 20, 2015, Jordan was honored with the Charlotte Business Journal's Business Person of the Year for 2014.[223] In 2017, he became a part owner of the Miami Marlins
Miami Marlins
of Major League Baseball.[224] Forbes
Forbes
designated Jordan as the athlete with the highest career earnings in 2017.[225] From his Jordan Brand income and endorsements, Jordan's 2015 income was an estimated $110 million, the most of any retired athlete.[226] As of April 2017, his current net worth is estimated at $1.31 billion by Forbes.[227] Jordan is the third-richest African-American as of 2017, behind Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
and Robert F. Smith.[228] Awards and honors

James Worthy, Jordan, and Dean Smith
Dean Smith
at a North Carolina Tar Heels men's basketball game honoring the 1957 and 1982 men's basketball teams.

Main article: List of career achievements by Michael Jordan College awards and honors

Two-time Naismith Memorial Basketball
Basketball
Hall of Fame

class of 2009 – individual class of 2010 – as a member of the "Dream Team"

NCAA national championship – University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: 1981–82 ACC Freshman of the Year – 1981–82 Two-time Consensus NCAA All-American First Team – 1982–83, 1983–84 ACC Men's Basketball
Basketball
Player of the Year – 1983–84 USBWA College Player of the Year – 1983–84 Naismith College Player of the Year – 1983–84 Adolph Rupp
Adolph Rupp
Trophy – 1983–84 John R. Wooden Award – 1983–84 Number 23 retired by the North Carolina Tar Heels

NBA awards and honors

Six-time NBA champion Six-time NBA Finals
NBA Finals
MVP Five-time NBA MVP 10-time NBA scoring leader (1987–1993, 1996–1998) 14-time NBA All-Star Three-time NBA All-Star Game MVP 11-time All-NBA Nine-time NBA All-Defensive First Team Two-time NBA Slam Dunk Contest champion – 1987, 1988 NBA Rookie of the Year – 1984–85 IBM Award
IBM Award
winner – 1985 NBA Defensive Player of the Year – 1987–88 Named one of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History
50 Greatest Players in NBA History
in 1996 Number 23 retired by the Chicago
Chicago
Bulls Number 23 retired by the Miami
Miami
Heat

Other awards and honors

U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame – class of 2009 (as a member of the "Dream Team") FIBA Hall of Fame
FIBA Hall of Fame
– class of 2015[229] Two-time Olympic Gold Medal winner – 1984, 1992 "Triple Crown of Basketball" winner[159] Three-time AP Athlete of the Year – 1991, 1992, 1993[230] Sports Illustrated
Sports Illustrated
Sportsman of the Year – 1991 Section of Madison Street in Chicago
Chicago
renamed Michael Jordan Drive – 1994[231] Ranked No.1 by SLAM Magazine's Top 50 Players of All-Time[232] Ranked No.1 by ESPN
ESPN
SportsCentury's Top North American Athletes of the 20th century[163] North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame 1997 Marca Leyenda winner Seven-time ESPY Award
ESPY Award
winner (in various categories) Statue in front of the United Center 2016 Presidential Medal of Freedom[182]

Sources:[4][233][234] See also

African American portal Basketball
Basketball
portal National Basketball Association
National Basketball Association
portal

Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan
Steakhouse Michael Jordan's Restaurant Michael Jordan: Chaos in the Windy City Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan
in Flight NBA 2K11 NBA 2K12

Notes

^ Jordan wore a nameless no. 12 jersey in a February 14, 1990 game against the Orlando Magic
Orlando Magic
because his no. 23 jersey had been stolen.[1] Jordan scored 49 points, setting a franchise record for players wearing that jersey number.[2]

References

^ Strauss, Chris. "The greatest No. 12 that no one is talking about", USA Today, December 12, 2012. Retrieved December 12, 2012. ^ Smith, Sam (February 15, 1990). "Magic has the Bulls' number: Catledge leads rally; Jordan scores 49 points", Chicago
Chicago
Tribune, pg. A1. ^ Rein, Kotler and Shields, pg. 173. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Michael Jordan, National Basketball
Basketball
Association. Retrieved January 15, 2007. ^ Markovits and Rensman, pg. 89. ^ Berkow, Ira. "Sports of The Times; Air Jordan
Air Jordan
And Just Plain Folks", The New York Times, June 15, 1991. Retrieved February 11, 2009. ^ Skidmore, Sarah. "23 years later, Air Jordans maintain mystique", The Seattle Times, January 10, 2008. Retrieved February 12, 2009. ^ Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan
biography, 23jordan.com. Retrieved November 23, 2007.

Sachare, pgs. 172–173.

^ Associated Press, "Michael Jordan's big brother ends Army career", charlotte.com, May 16, 2006. Retrieved May 9, 2017. ^ a b Halberstam, pgs. 20–21. ^ a b Poppel, Seth. " Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan
Didn't Make Varsity—At First", Newsweek, October 17, 2015. Retrieved June 28, 2017. ^ a b c d e f Michael Jordan, basketball-reference.com. Retrieved February 8, 2008. ^ a b Michael Jordan: The Stats, infoplease.com. Retrieved March 15, 2007. ^ Williams, Lena. PLUS: Basketball; "A McDonald's
McDonald's
Game For Girls, Too", The New York Times, December 7, 2001. Retrieved January 16, 2007. ^ SportsCenter, ESPN, air date February 2, 2007.

Lucas, Adam. Lucas: One Extraordinary Night, tarheelblue.cstv.com, February 10, 2007. Retrieved May 9, 2017.

^ Halberstam, pgs. 67–68. ^ LeFeber, pg. 32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Michael Jordan, databaseBasketball.com, archived link, archive date February 11, 2009. Retrieved August 10, 2017. ^ qtd. in Lazenby, Roland. "Michaelangelo: Portrait of a Champion". Michael Jordan: The Ultimate Career Tribute. Bannockburn, Illinois: H&S Media, 1999. pg. 128. ^ DuPree, David (November 26, 1984). "Trail Blazers don't regret bypassing Jordan". USA Today. p. 6C.  ^ Sakamoto, Bob (November 25, 1984). "Portland GM is happy with Bowie". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. p. B2.  ^ Schoenfield, David. The 100 worst draft picks ever, ESPN. Retrieved October 20, 2013. ^ Morris, Mike. "The Legend: A Highlight-Reel History of the NBA's Greatest Player". Michael Jordan: The Ultimate Career Tribute. Bannockburn, Illinois: H&S Media, 1999. pg. 67. ^ a b Gross, Jane. "Jordan Makes People Wonder: Is He the New Dr. J?", The New York Times, October 21, 1984. Retrieved March 7, 2007. ^ Goldaper, Sam. "Jordan dazzles crowd at Garden", The New York Times, October 19, 1984. Retrieved March 7, 2007. ^ a b c Johnson, Roy S. "Jordan-Led Bulls Romp Before 19,252", The New York Times, November 9, 1984. Retrieved March 7, 2007. ^ SI cover search December 10, 1984, Sports Illustrated. Retrieved March 26, 2017. ^ Chicago Bulls
Chicago Bulls
1984–85 Game Log and Scores, Archived June 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. databasebasketball.com. Retrieved June 9, 2017. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan
bio, National Basketball Association. Retrieved May 9, 2017. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Chicago Bulls
Chicago Bulls
(1966 –), Archived October 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. databasebasketball.com. Retrieved June 9, 2017. ^ "Worst Records of Playoff Teams", The Sporting News (April 28, 1986), pg. 46. ^ Top 10 Teams in NBA History at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
(archived March 6, 2007), National Basketball
Basketball
Association. Retrieved April 22, 2016. ^ a b God Disguised as Michael Jordan, National Basketball Association. Retrieved January 17, 2007. ^ "Jordan Adds Most Valuable Player Award to Honors", The Washington Post (May 26, 1988), pg. D8. ^ a b c d Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan
statistics, National Basketball
Basketball
Association. Retrieved January 16, 2007. ^ Chicago Bulls
Chicago Bulls
1987–88 Game Log and Scores, Archived June 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. databasebasketball.com. Retrieved June 9, 2017. ^ Halberstam, pg. 235. ^ Jordan Hits "The Shot", National Basketball
Basketball
Association. Retrieved May 24, 2010. ^ a b Chicago Bulls
Chicago Bulls
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NBA Finals
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Michael Jordan
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Crying Jordan
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Michael Jordan
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Jeffrey Jordan
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Bibliography

External video

Discussion with Halberstam on Playing for Keeps: Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan
and the World He Made, February 22, 1999, C-SPAN

Condor, Bob. Michael Jordan's 50 Greatest Games. Carol Publishing Group, 1998. ISBN 978-0-8065-2030-8. Halberstam, David. Playing for Keeps: Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan
and the World He Made. Broadway Books, 2000. ISBN 978-0-7679-0444-5. Jordan, Michael. For the Love of the Game: My Story. New York City: Crown Publishers, 1998. ISBN 978-0-609-60206-5. Kruger, Mitchell. One Last Shot: The Story of Michael Jordan's Comeback. New York City: St. Martin's Paperbacks, 2003. ISBN 978-0-312-99223-1. Lazenby, Roland. Michael Jordan: The Life. New York City: Little, Brown and Company, 2014. ISBN 978-0-316-19477-8. LaFeber, Walter. Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan
and the New Global Capitalism. W. W. Norton, 2002. ISBN 978-0-393-32369-6. Markovits, Andrei S. and Lars Rensman. Gaming the World: How Sports are Reshaping Global Politics and Culture. Princeton University Press, June 3, 2010. ISBN 978-0-691-13751-3. Porter, David L. Michael Jordan: A Biography, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2007. ISBN 978-0-313-33767-3. Rein, Irving J.; Kotler, Philip; Shields, Ben (2006). The Elusive Fan: Reinventing Sports in a Crowded Marketplace. The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. ISBN 978-0-07-149114-3.  Sachare, Alex. The Chicago Bulls
Chicago Bulls
Encyclopedia. Chicago: Contemporary Books, 1999. ISBN 978-0-8092-2515-6. The Sporting News Official NBA Register 1994–95. The Sporting News, 1994. ISBN 978-0-89204-501-3.

Further reading

Leahy, Michael (2004), When Nothing Else Matters: Michael Jordan's Last Comeback, Simon & Schuster, ISBN 978-0-7432-7648-1  McGovern, Mike (2005), Michael Jordan: basketball player, Ferguson, ISBN 978-0-8160-5876-1 

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Atlantic

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Partners (Boston Celtics) Mikhail Prokhorov
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Brooklyn
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Company (New York Knicks) Joshua Harris ( Philadelphia
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Chicago
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Southeast

Tony Ressler (Atlanta Hawks) Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan
(Charlotte Hornets) Micky Arison
Micky Arison
( Miami
Miami
Heat) RDV Sports, Inc. (Orlando Magic) Ted Leonsis
Ted Leonsis
(Washington Wizards)

Western Conference

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Mark Cuban
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Tilman Fertitta
(Houston Rockets) Robert Pera (Memphis Grizzlies) Gayle Benson (New Orleans Pelicans) Spurs Sports & Entertainment (Julianna Holt, Chairman & CEO) (San Antonio Spurs)

Northwest

Ann Walton Kroenke (Denver Nuggets) Glen Taylor
Glen Taylor
(Minnesota Timberwolves) Professional Basketball
Basketball
Club (Clayton Bennett, Chairman & CEO) (Oklahoma City Thunder) Paul Allen
Paul Allen
(Portland Trail Blazers) Gail Miller (Utah Jazz)

Pacific

Peter Guber and Joe Lacob (Golden State Warriors) Steve Ballmer
Steve Ballmer
(Los Angeles Clippers) Jeanie Buss
Jeanie Buss
(Los Angeles Lakers) Robert Sarver
Robert Sarver
(Phoenix Suns) Vivek Ranadivé (Sacramento Kings)

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Oscar Robertson Trophy
winners

1959: Robertson 1960: Robertson 1961: Lucas 1962: Lucas 1963: Heyman 1964: Hazzard 1965: Bradley 1966: Russell 1967: Alcindor 1968: Alcindor 1969: Maravich 1970: Maravich 1971: Wicks 1972: Walton 1973: Walton 1974: Walton 1975: Thompson 1976: Dantley 1977: M. Johnson 1978: Ford 1979: Bird 1980: Aguirre 1981: Sampson 1982: Sampson 1983: Sampson 1984: Jordan 1985: Mullin 1986: Berry 1987: D. Robinson 1988: Hawkins 1989: Ferry 1990: Simmons 1991: L. Johnson 1992: Laettner 1993: Cheaney 1994: G. Robinson 1995: O'Bannon 1996: Camby 1997: Duncan 1998: Jamison 1999: Brand 2000: Martin 2001: Battier 2002: Williams 2003: West 2004: Nelson 2005: Bogut 2006: Morrison & Redick 2007: Durant 2008: Hansbrough 2009: Griffin 2010: Turner 2011: Fredette 2012: Davis 2013: Burke 2014: McDermott 2015: Kaminsky 2016: Hield 2017: Mason III 2018: Brunson

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Adolph Rupp Trophy
Adolph Rupp Trophy
winners

1972: Walton 1973: Walton 1974: Walton 1975: Thompson 1976: May 1977: Johnson 1978: Lee 1979: Bird 1980: Aguirre 1981: Sampson 1982: Sampson 1983: Sampson 1984: Jordan 1985: Ewing 1986: Berry 1987: D. Robinson 1988: Hawkins 1989: Elliott 1990: Simmons 1991: O'Neal 1992: Laettner 1993: Cheaney 1994: G. Robinson 1995: Smith 1996: Camby 1997: Duncan 1998: Jamison 1999: Brand 2000: Martin 2001: Battier 2002: Williams 2003: West 2004: Nelson 2005: Redick 2006: Redick 2007: Durant 2008: Hansbrough 2009: Griffin 2010: Wall 2011: Fredette 2012: Davis 2013: Oladipo 2014: McDermott 2015: Kaminsky

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Sporting News Men's College Basketball
Basketball
Player of the Year

1943: Phillip 1944: Hall 1945: Mikan 1946: Kurland 1947–49: None selected 1950: Arizin 1951: White 1952–57: None selected 1958: Robertson 1959: Robertson 1960: Robertson 1961: Lucas 1962: Lucas 1963: Heyman 1964: Bradley 1965: Bradley 1966: Russell 1967: Alcindor 1968: Hayes 1969: Alcindor 1970: Maravich 1971: Wicks 1972: Walton 1973: Walton 1974: Walton 1975: Thompson 1976: May 1977: M. Johnson 1978: P. Ford 1979: Bird 1980: Griffith 1981: Aguirre 1982: Sampson 1983: Jordan 1984: Jordan 1985: Ewing 1986: Berry 1987: D. Robinson 1988: Hawkins 1989: King 1990: Scott 1991: L. Johnson 1992: Laettner 1993: Cheaney 1994: G. Robinson 1995: Respert 1996: Camby 1997: Duncan 1998: Jamison 1999: Brand 2000: Martin 2001: Battier 2002: Williams 2003: T. J. Ford 2004: Nelson 2005: Brown 2006: Redick 2007: Durant 2008: Hansbrough 2009: Griffin 2010: Turner 2011: Fredette 2012: Davis 2013: Oladipo 2014: McDermott 2015: Kaminsky 2016: Hield 2017: Mason III 2018: Brunson

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Associated Press
Associated Press
Men's College Basketball
Basketball
Player of the Year

1961: Lucas 1962: Lucas 1963: Heyman 1964: Bradds 1965: Bradley 1966: Russell 1967: Alcindor 1968: Hayes 1969: Alcindor 1970: Maravich 1971: Carr 1972: Walton 1973: Walton 1974: Thompson 1975: Thompson 1976: May 1977: Johnson 1978: Lee 1979: Bird 1980: Aguirre 1981: Sampson 1982: Sampson 1983: Sampson 1984: Jordan 1985: Ewing 1986: Berry 1987: D. Robinson 1988: Hawkins 1989: Elliott 1990: Simmons 1991: O'Neal 1992: Laettner 1993: Cheaney 1994: G. Robinson 1995: Smith 1996: Camby 1997: Duncan 1998: Jamison 1999: Brand 2000: Martin 2001: Battier 2002: Williams 2003: West 2004: Nelson 2005: Bogut 2006: Redick 2007: Durant 2008: Hansbrough 2009: Griffin 2010: Turner 2011: Fredette 2012: Davis 2013: Burke 2014: McDermott 2015: Kaminsky 2016: Valentine 2017: Mason III 2018: Brunson

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Naismith Men's College Player of the Year

1969: Alcindor 1970: Maravich 1971: Carr 1972: Walton 1973: Walton 1974: Walton 1975: Thompson 1976: May 1977: M. Johnson 1978: Lee 1979: Bird 1980: Aguirre 1981: Sampson 1982: Sampson 1983: Sampson 1984: Jordan 1985: Ewing 1986: Dawkins 1987: D. Robinson 1988: Manning 1989: Ferry 1990: Simmons 1991: L. Johnson 1992: Laettner 1993: Cheaney 1994: G. Robinson 1995: Smith 1996: Camby 1997: Duncan 1998: Jamison 1999: Brand 2000: Martin 2001: Battier 2002: Williams 2003: Ford 2004: Nelson 2005: Bogut 2006: Redick 2007: Durant 2008: Hansbrough 2009: Griffin 2010: Turner 2011: Fredette 2012: Davis 2013: Burke 2014: McDermott 2015: Kaminsky 2016: Hield 2017: Mason III 2018: Brunson

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NABC Player of the Year

1975: Thompson 1976: May 1977: M. Johnson 1978: Ford 1979: Bird 1980: Brooks 1981: Ainge 1982: Sampson 1983: Sampson 1984: Jordan 1985: Ewing 1986: Berry 1987: D. Robinson 1988: Manning 1989: Elliott 1990: Simmons 1991: L. Johnson 1992: Laettner 1993: Cheaney 1994: G. Robinson 1995: Respert 1996: Camby 1997: Duncan 1998: Jamison 1999: Brand 2000: Martin 2001: Williams 2002: Gooden & Williams 2003: Collison 2004: Nelson & Okafor 2005: Bogut 2006: Morrison & Redick 2007: Durant 2008: Hansbrough 2009: Griffin 2010: Turner 2011: Fredette 2012: Green 2013: Burke 2014: McDermott 2015: Kaminsky 2016: Valentine 2017: Mason 2018: Brunson

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UPI College Basketball
Basketball
Player of the Year Award winners

1955: Gola 1956: B. Russell 1957: Forte 1958: Robertson 1959: Robertson 1960: Robertson 1961: Lucas 1962: Lucas 1963: Heyman 1964: Bradds 1965: Bradley 1966: C. Russell 1967: Alcindor 1968: Hayes 1969: Alcindor 1970: Maravich 1971: Carr 1972: Walton 1973: Walton 1974: Walton 1975: Thompson 1976: May 1977: Johnson 1978: Lee 1979: Bird 1980: Aguirre 1981: Sampson 1982: Sampson 1983: Sampson 1984: Jordan 1985: Mullin 1986: Berry 1987: D. Robinson 1988: Hawkins 1989: Ferry 1990: Simmons 1991: O'Neal 1992: Jackson 1993: Cheaney 1994: G. Robinson 1995: Smith 1996: Allen

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John R. Wooden Men's Player of the Year Award winners

1977: M. Johnson 1978: P. Ford 1979: Bird 1980: Griffith 1981: Ainge 1982: Sampson 1983: Sampson 1984: Jordan 1985: Mullin 1986: Berry 1987: D. Robinson 1988: Manning 1989: Elliott 1990: Simmons 1991: L. Johnson 1992: Laettner 1993: Cheaney 1994: G. Robinson 1995: O'Bannon 1996: Camby 1997: Duncan 1998: Jamison 1999: Brand 2000: Martin 2001: Battier 2002: Williams 2003: T. J. Ford 2004: Nelson 2005: Bogut 2006: Redick 2007: Durant 2008: Hansbrough 2009: Griffin 2010: Turner 2011: Fredette 2012: Davis 2013: Burke 2014: McDermott 2015: Kaminsky 2016: Hield 2017: Mason III

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Atlantic Coast Conference
Atlantic Coast Conference
Men's Basketball
Basketball
Player of the Year

1954: Hemric 1955: Hemric 1956: Shavlik 1957: Rosenbluth 1958: Brennan 1959: Pucillo 1960: Shaffer 1961: Chappell 1962: Chappell 1963: Heyman 1964: Mullins 1965: Cunningham 1966: Vacendak 1967: Miller 1968: Miller 1969: Roche 1970: Roche 1971: Davis 1972: Parkhill 1973: Thompson 1974: Thompson 1975: Thompson 1976: Kupchak 1977: Griffin 1978: Ford 1979: Gminski 1980: King 1981: Sampson 1982: Sampson 1983: Sampson 1984: Jordan 1985: Bias 1986: Bias 1987: Grant 1988: Ferry 1989: Ferry 1990: Scott 1991: Monroe 1992: Laettner 1993: Rogers 1994: Hill 1995: J. Smith 1996: Duncan 1997: Duncan 1998: Jamison 1999: Brand 2000: Carrawell 2001: Battier & Forte 2002: Dixon 2003: Howard 2004: Hodge 2005: Redick 2006: Redick 2007: Dudley 2008: Hansbrough 2009: Lawson 2010: Vásquez 2011: N. Smith 2012: Zeller 2013: Green & Larkin 2014: Warren 2015: Okafor 2016: Brogdon 2017: Jackson 2018: Bagley

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ACC Athlete of the Year

Athlete of the Year

1954: Joel Shankle 1955: Dickie Hemric 1956: Dave Sime 1957: Lennie Rosenbluth 1958: Dick Christy 1959: Lou Pucillo 1960: Mike McGee 1961: Roman Gabriel 1962: Len Chappell 1963: Art Heyman 1964: Jeff Mullins 1965: Brian Piccolo 1966: Danny Talbott 1967: Bobby Bryant 1968: Larry Miller 1969: Frank Quayle 1970: Charlie Scott 1971: Don McCauley 1972: Barry Parkhill 1973: David Thompson 1974: Tony Waldrop 1975: David Thompson 1976: John Lucas 1977: Phil Ford 1978: Phil Ford 1979: Renaldo Nehemiah 1980: Julie Shea 1981: Julie Shea 1982: James Worthy 1983: Ralph Sampson 1984: Michael Jordan 1985: B. J. Surhoff 1986: Len Bias 1987: Riccardo Ingram 1988: Danny Ferry 1989: Danny Ferry

Male Athlete of the Year

1990: Clarkston Hines 1991: Christian Laettner 1992: Christian Laettner 1993: Charlie Ward 1994: Charlie Ward 1995: Randolph Childress 1996: Kris Benson 1997: Tim Duncan 1998: Antawn Jamison 1999: Elton Brand 2000: Joe Hamilton 2001: Shane Battier 2002: Juan Dixon 2003: Chris Rotelli 2004: Philip Rivers 2005: Sean May 2006: J. J. Redick 2007: Walter Dix 2008: Tyler Hansbrough 2009: Matt Hill 2010: Ned Crotty 2011: Ngoni Makusha 2012: Luke Kuechly 2013: Jarmere Jenkins 2014: Jameis Winston 2015: Laken Tomlinson 2016: Deshaun Watson 2017: Deshaun Watson

Female Athlete of the Year

1990: Shannon Higgins 1991: Dawn Staley 1992: Dawn Staley 1993: Mia Hamm 1994: Beverly Smith 1995: Tisha Venturini 1996: Kelly Amonte Hiller 1997: Sarah Forbes 1998: Vanessa Webb 1999: Cindy Parlow 2000: Jen Adams 2001: Jen Adams 2002: Bea Bielik 2003: Alana Beard 2004: Alana Beard 2005: Kelly Dostal 2006: Paula Infante 2007: Lindsey Harding 2008: Angela Tincher 2009: Casey Nogueira 2010: Whitney Engen 2011: Katie O'Donnell 2012: Rebecca Ward 2013: Crystal Dunn 2014: Alyssa Thomas 2015: Morgan Brian 2016: Molly Seidel 2017: Kenzie Kent

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1983 NCAA Men's Basketball
Basketball
Consensus All-Americans

First Team

Dale Ellis Patrick Ewing Michael Jordan Keith Lee Sam Perkins Ralph Sampson Wayman Tisdale

Second Team

Clyde Drexler Sidney Green John Paxson Steve Stipanovich Jon Sundvold Darrell Walker Randy Wittman

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1984 NCAA Men's Basketball
Basketball
Consensus All-Americans

First Team

Patrick Ewing Michael Jordan Akeem Olajuwon Sam Perkins Wayman Tisdale

Second Team

Michael Cage Devin Durrant Keith Lee Chris Mullin Melvin Turpin Leon Wood

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North Carolina Tar Heels men's basketball
North Carolina Tar Heels men's basketball
1981–82 NCAA champions

21 Jimmy Black 22 Buzz Peterson 23 Michael Jordan 32 John Brownlee 41 Sam Perkins 44 Matt Doherty 50 Cecil Exum 52 James Worthy
James Worthy
(MOP)

Head coach Dean Smith

Assistant coaches Bill Guthridge Eddie Fogler Roy Williams

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1984 NBA Draft

First round

Hakeem Olajuwon Sam Bowie Michael Jordan Sam Perkins Charles Barkley Melvin Turpin Alvin Robertson Lancaster Gordon Otis Thorpe Leon Wood Kevin Willis Tim McCormick Jay Humphries Michael Cage Terence Stansbury John Stockton Jeff Turner Vern Fleming Bernard Thompson Tony Campbell Kenny Fields Tom Sewell Earl Jones Michael Young

Second round

Devin Durrant Victor Fleming Ron Anderson Cory Blackwell Stuart Gray Steve Burtt Jay Murphy Eric Turner Steve Colter Tony Costner Othell Wilson Charles Jones Ben Coleman Charlie Sitton Danny Young Anthony Teachey Tom Sluby Willie White Greg Wiltjer Fred Reynolds Gary Plummer Jerome Kersey Ronnie Williams

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NBA Rookie of the Year Award

1953: Meineke 1954: Felix 1955: Pettit 1956: Stokes 1957: Heinsohn 1958: Sauldsberry 1959: Baylor 1960: Chamberlain 1961: Robertson 1962: Bellamy 1963: Dischinger 1964: Lucas 1965: Reed 1966: Barry 1967: Bing 1968: Monroe 1969: Unseld 1970: Alcindor 1971: Cowens & Petrie 1972: Wicks 1973: McAdoo 1974: DiGregorio 1975: Wilkes 1976: Adams 1977: Dantley 1978: Davis 1979: Ford 1980: Bird 1981: Griffith 1982: Williams 1983: Cummings 1984: Sampson 1985: Jordan 1986: Ewing 1987: Person 1988: Jackson 1989: Richmond 1990: Robinson 1991: Coleman 1992: Johnson 1993: O'Neal 1994: Webber 1995: Hill & Kidd 1996: Stoudamire 1997: Iverson 1998: Duncan 1999: Carter 2000: Brand & Francis 2001: Miller 2002: Gasol 2003: Stoudemire 2004: James 2005: Okafor 2006: Paul 2007: Roy 2008: Durant 2009: Rose 2010: Evans 2011: Griffin 2012: Irving 2013: Lillard 2014: Carter-Williams 2015: Wiggins 2016: Towns 2017: Brogdon

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IBM Award

1984: Johnson 1985: Jordan 1986: Barkley 1987: Barkley 1988: Barkley 1989: Jordan 1990: Robinson 1991: Robinson 1992: Rodman 1993: Olajuwon 1994: Robinson 1995: Robinson 1996: Robinson 1997: Hill 1998: K. Malone 1999: Mutombo 2000: O'Neal 2001: O'Neal 2002: Duncan

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NBA Defensive Player of the Year
NBA Defensive Player of the Year
Award

1983: Moncrief 1984: Moncrief 1985: Eaton 1986: Robertson 1987: Cooper 1988: Jordan 1989: Eaton 1990: Rodman 1991: Rodman 1992: Robinson 1993: Olajuwon 1994: Olajuwon 1995: Mutombo 1996: Payton 1997: Mutombo 1998: Mutombo 1999: Mourning 2000: Mourning 2001: Mutombo 2002: Wallace 2003: Wallace 2004: Artest 2005: Wallace 2006: Wallace 2007: Camby 2008: Garnett 2009: Howard 2010: Howard 2011: Howard 2012: Chandler 2013: Gasol 2014: Noah 2015: Leonard 2016: Leonard 2017: Green

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NBA Most Valuable Player Award

1956: Pettit 1957: Cousy 1958: Russell 1959: Pettit 1960: Chamberlain 1961: Russell 1962: Russell 1963: Russell 1964: Robertson 1965: Russell 1966: Chamberlain 1967: Chamberlain 1968: Chamberlain 1969: Unseld 1970: Reed 1971: Alcindor 1972: Abdul-Jabbar 1973: Cowens 1974: Abdul-Jabbar 1975: McAdoo 1976: Abdul-Jabbar 1977: Abdul-Jabbar 1978: Walton 1979: M. Malone 1980: Abdul-Jabbar 1981: Erving 1982: M. Malone 1983: M. Malone 1984: Bird 1985: Bird 1986: Bird 1987: Johnson 1988: Jordan 1989: Johnson 1990: Johnson 1991: Jordan 1992: Jordan 1993: Barkley 1994: Olajuwon 1995: Robinson 1996: Jordan 1997: K. Malone 1998: Jordan 1999: K. Malone 2000: O'Neal 2001: Iverson 2002: Duncan 2003: Duncan 2004: Garnett 2005: Nash 2006: Nash 2007: Nowitzki 2008: Bryant 2009: James 2010: James 2011: Rose 2012: James 2013: James 2014: Durant 2015: Curry 2016: Curry 2017: Westbrook

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NBA All-Star Game Most Valuable Player Award

1951: Macauley 1952: Arizin 1953: Mikan 1954: Cousy 1955: Sharman 1956: Pettit 1957: Cousy 1958: Pettit 1959: Baylor & Pettit 1960: Chamberlain 1961: Robertson 1962: Pettit 1963: Russell 1964: Robertson 1965: Lucas 1966: A. Smith 1967: Barry 1968: Greer 1969: Robertson 1970: Reed 1971: Wilkens 1972: West 1973: Cowens 1974: Lanier 1975: Frazier 1976: Bing 1977: Erving 1978: R. Smith 1979: Thompson 1980: Gervin 1981: Archibald 1982: Bird 1983: Erving 1984: Thomas 1985: Sampson 1986: Thomas 1987: Chambers 1988: Jordan 1989: Malone 1990: Johnson 1991: Barkley 1992: Johnson 1993: Stockton & Malone 1994: Pippen 1995: Richmond 1996: Jordan 1997: Rice 1998: Jordan 1999: No game played 2000: O'Neal & Duncan 2001: Iverson 2002: Bryant 2003: Garnett 2004: O'Neal 2005: Iverson 2006: James 2007: Bryant 2008: James 2009: Bryant & O'Neal 2010: Wade 2011: Bryant 2012: Durant 2013: Paul 2014: Irving 2015: Westbrook 2016: Westbrook 2017: Davis

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Slam Dunk Contest winners

1984: Nance 1985: Wilkins 1986: Webb 1987: Jordan 1988: Jordan 1989: Walker 1990: Wilkins 1991: Brown 1992: Ceballos 1993: Miner 1994: Rider 1995: Miner 1996: Barry 1997: Bryant 2000: Carter 2001: Mason 2002: Richardson 2003: Richardson 2004: Jones 2005: Smith 2006: Robinson 2007: Green 2008: Howard 2009: Robinson 2010: Robinson 2011: Griffin 2012: Evans 2013: Ross 2014: Wall 2015: LaVine 2016: LaVine 2017: Robinson III 2018: Mitchell

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Chicago Bulls
Chicago Bulls
1990–91 NBA champions

2 Hopson 5 Paxson 10 Armstrong 14 Hodges 23 Jordan (Finals MVP) 24 Cartwright 32 Perdue 33 Pippen 34 King 42 Williams 53 Levingston 54 Grant

Head coach Jackson

Assistant coaches Winter Bach Cleamons

Regular season Playoffs

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Chicago Bulls
Chicago Bulls
1991–92 NBA champions

5 Paxson 10 Armstrong 14 Hodges 20 Hansen 21 King 23 Jordan (Finals MVP) 24 Cartwright 32 Perdue 33 Pippen 42 Williams 53 Levingston 54 Grant

Head coach Jackson

Assistant coaches Winter Bach Cleamons

Regular season Playoffs

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Chicago Bulls
Chicago Bulls
1992–93 NBA champions

5 Paxson 6 Tucker 10 Armstrong 20 Walker 21 King 22 McCray 23 Jordan (Finals MVP) 24 Cartwright 32 Perdue 33 Pippen 42 Williams 54 Grant

Head coach Jackson

Assistant coaches Winter Bach Cleamons

Regular season Playoffs

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Chicago Bulls
Chicago Bulls
1995–96 NBA champions

0 Brown 7 Kukoč 9 Harper 13 Longley 22 Salley 23 Jordan (Finals MVP) 25 Kerr 30 Buechler 33 Pippen 34 Wennington 53 Edwards 91 Rodman

Head coach Jackson

Assistant coaches Winter Rodgers Cleamons Paxson

Regular season Playoffs

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Chicago Bulls
Chicago Bulls
1996–97 NBA champions

00 Parish 1 Brown 7 Kukoč 9 Harper 13 Longley 18 Dele 23 Jordan (Finals MVP) 25 Kerr 30 Buechler 33 Pippen 34 Wennington 35 Caffey 91 Rodman

Head coach Phil Jackson

Assistant coaches Winter Cartwright Rodgers Hamblen

Regular season Playoffs

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Chicago Bulls
Chicago Bulls
1997–98 NBA champions

1 Brown 7 Kukoč 8 Simpkins 9 Harper 13 Longley 23 Jordan (Finals MVP) 24 Burrell 25 Kerr 30 Buechler 33 Pippen 34 Wennington 91 Rodman

Head coach Jackson

Assistant coaches Winter Cartwright Rodgers Hamblen

Regular season Playoffs

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Bill Russell
Bill Russell
NBA Finals
NBA Finals
Most Valuable Player Award

1969: West 1970: Reed 1971: Alcindor 1972: Chamberlain 1973: Reed 1974: Havlicek 1975: Barry 1976: White 1977: Walton 1978: Unseld 1979: D. Johnson 1980: E. Johnson 1981: Maxwell 1982: E. Johnson 1983: Malone 1984: Bird 1985: Abdul-Jabbar 1986: Bird 1987: E. Johnson 1988: Worthy 1989: Dumars 1990: Thomas 1991: Jordan 1992: Jordan 1993: Jordan 1994: Olajuwon 1995: Olajuwon 1996: Jordan 1997: Jordan 1998: Jordan 1999: Duncan 2000: O'Neal 2001: O'Neal 2002: O'Neal 2003: Duncan 2004: Billups 2005: Duncan 2006: Wade 2007: Parker 2008: Pierce 2009: Bryant 2010: Bryant 2011: Nowitzki 2012: James 2013: James 2014: Leonard 2015: Iguodala 2016: James 2017: Durant

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NBA season scoring leaders

1947: Fulks 1948: Zaslofsky 1949: Mikan 1950: Mikan 1951: Mikan 1952: Arizin 1953: Johnston 1954: Johnston 1955: Johnston 1956: Pettit 1957: Arizin 1958: Yardley 1959: Pettit 1960: Chamberlain 1961: Chamberlain 1962: Chamberlain 1963: Chamberlain 1964: Chamberlain 1965: Chamberlain 1966: Chamberlain 1967: Barry 1968: Bing 1969: Hayes 1970: West 1971: Alcindor 1972: Abdul-Jabbar 1973: Archibald 1974: McAdoo 1975: McAdoo 1976: McAdoo 1977: Maravich 1978: Gervin 1979: Gervin 1980: Gervin 1981: Dantley 1982: Gervin 1983: English 1984: Dantley 1985: King 1986: Wilkins 1987: Jordan 1988: Jordan 1989: Jordan 1990: Jordan 1991: Jordan 1992: Jordan 1993: Jordan 1994: Robinson 1995: O'Neal 1996: Jordan 1997: Jordan 1998: Jordan 1999: Iverson 2000: O'Neal 2001: Iverson 2002: Iverson 2003: McGrady 2004: McGrady 2005: Iverson 2006: Bryant 2007: Bryant 2008: James 2009: Wade 2010: Durant 2011: Durant 2012: Durant 2013: Anthony 2014: Durant 2015: Westbrook 2016: Curry 2017: Westbrook

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NBA season steals leaders

1974: Steele 1975: Barry 1976: Watts 1977: Buse 1978: Lee 1979: Carr 1980: Richardson 1981: Johnson 1982: Johnson 1983: Richardson 1984: Green 1985: Richardson 1986: Robertson 1987: Robertson 1988: Jordan 1989: Stockton 1990: Jordan 1991: Robertson 1992: Stockton 1993: Jordan 1994: McMillan 1995: Pippen 1996: Payton 1997: Blaylock 1998: Blaylock 1999: Gill 2000: Jones 2001: Iverson 2002: Iverson 2003: Iverson 2004: Davis 2005: Hughes 2006: Wallace 2007: Davis 2008: Paul 2009: Paul 2010: Rondo 2011: Paul 2012: Paul 2013: Paul 2014: Paul 2015: Leonard 2016: Curry 2017: Green

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National Basketball
Basketball
Association's 50 Greatest Players in NBA History

Kareem Abdul-Jabbar Nate Archibald Paul Arizin Charles Barkley Rick Barry Elgin Baylor Dave Bing Larry Bird Wilt Chamberlain Bob Cousy Dave Cowens Billy Cunningham Dave DeBusschere Clyde Drexler Julius Erving Patrick Ewing Walt Frazier George Gervin Hal Greer John Havlicek Elvin Hayes Magic Johnson Sam Jones Michael Jordan Jerry Lucas Karl Malone Moses Malone Pete Maravich Kevin McHale George Mikan Earl Monroe Hakeem Olajuwon Shaquille O'Neal Robert Parish Bob Pettit Scottie Pippen Willis Reed Oscar Robertson David Robinson Bill Russell Dolph Schayes Bill Sharman John Stockton Isiah Thomas Nate Thurmond Wes Unseld Bill Walton Jerry West Lenny Wilkens James Worthy

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Naismith Memorial Basketball
Basketball
Hall of Fame Class of 2009

Players

Michael Jordan David Robinson John Stockton

Coaches

Jerry Sloan C. Vivian Stringer

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Members of the Naismith Memorial Basketball
Basketball
Hall of Fame

Players

Guards

R. Allen Archibald Beckman Belov Bing Blazejowski Borgmann Brennan Cervi Cheeks Clayton Cooper-Dyke Cousy Dampier Davies Drexler Dumars Edwards Frazier Friedman Galis Gervin Goodrich Greer Guerin Hanson Haynes Holman Hyatt Isaacs Iverson Jeannette D. Johnson E. Johnson K. Jones S. Jones Jordan Kidd Lieberman Maravich Marcari Marčiulionis Martin McDermott McGrady D. McGuire Meyers R. Miller Monroe C. Murphy Nash Page Payton Petrović Phillip Posey Richmond Robertson Rodgers Roosma J. Russell Schommer Scott Sedran Sharman K. Smith Staley Steinmetz Stockton Swoopes Thomas Thompson Vandivier Wanzer West J. White Wilkens Woodard Wooden

Forwards

Arizin Barkley Barry Baylor Bird Bradley R. Brown Cunningham Curry Dalipagić Dantley DeBusschere Dehnert Endacott English Erving Foster Fulks Gale Gates Gola Hagan Havlicek Hawkins Hayes Haywood Heinsohn Hill Howell G. Johnson King Lucas Luisetti K. Malone McClain B. McCracken J. McCracken McGinnis McHale Mikkelsen C. Miller Mullin Pettit Pippen Pollard Radja Ramsey Rodman Schayes E. Schmidt O. Schmidt Stokes C. Thompson T. Thompson Twyman Walker Washington N. White Wilkes Wilkins Worthy Yardley

Centers

Abdul-Jabbar Barlow Beaty Bellamy Chamberlain Ćosić Cowens Crawford Daniels DeBernardi Donovan Ewing Gallatin Gilmore Gruenig Harris-Stewart Houbregs Issel W. Johnson Johnston M. Krause Kurland Lanier Leslie Lovellette Lapchick Macauley M. Malone McAdoo Meneghin Mikan Mourning S. Murphy Mutombo Olajuwon O'Neal Parish Pereira Reed Risen Robinson B. Russell Sabonis Sampson Semjonova Thurmond Unseld Wachter Walton Yao

Coaches

Alexeeva P. Allen Anderson Auerbach Auriemma Barmore Barry Blood Boeheim L. Brown Calhoun Calipari Cann Carlson Carnesecca Carnevale Carril Case Chancellor Chaney Conradt Crum Daly Dean Díaz-Miguel Diddle Drake Driesell Ferrándiz Gaines Gamba Gardner Gaze Gill Gomelsky Gunter Hannum Harshman Haskins Hatchell Heinsohn Hickey Hobson Holzman Hughes Hurley Iba Izzo P. Jackson Julian Keaney Keogan Knight Krzyzewski Kundla Lambert Leonard Lewis Litwack Loeffler Lonborg Magee McCutchan McGraw A. McGuire F. McGuire McLendon Meanwell Meyer Miller Moore Nelson Nikolić Novosel Olson Pitino Ramsay Richardson Riley Rubini Rupp Rush Sachs Self Sharman Shelton Sloan D. Smith Stringer Summitt Tarkanian Taylor Teague J. Thompson VanDerveer Wade Watts Wilkens G. Williams R. Williams Wooden Woolpert Wootten Yow

Contributors

Abbott Barksdale Bee Biasone H. Brown W. Brown Bunn Buss Clifton Colangelo Cooper Davidson Douglas Duer Embry Fagan Fisher Fleisher Gavitt Gottlieb Granik Gulick Harrison Hearn Henderson Hepp Hickox Hinkle Irish M. Jackson Jernstedt Jones Kennedy Knight J. Krause Lemon Liston Lloyd McLendon Lobo Mokray Morgan Morgenweck Naismith Newell Newton J. O'Brien L. O'Brien Olsen Podoloff Porter Raveling Reid Reinsdorf Ripley Sanders Saperstein Schabinger St. John Stagg Stanković Steitz Stern Taylor Thorn Tower Trester Vitale Wells Welts Wilke Winter Zollner

Referees

Bavetta Enright Garretson Hepbron Hoyt Kennedy Leith Mihalik Nichols Nucatola Quigley Rudolph Shirley Strom Tobey Walsh

Teams

1960 United States Olympic Team 1992 United States Olympic Team All-American Red Heads Buffalo Germans The First Team Harlem Globetrotters Immaculata College New York Renaissance Original Celtics Texas Western

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FIBA Hall of Fame
FIBA Hall of Fame
inductees

Coaches (22)

Alexeyeva Canavesi Díaz-Miguel Donohue Ferrándiz A. Gomelsky E. Gomelsky Gaze Iba Ivković Kondrashin Newell Nikolić Novosel Primo Rubini Smith Soares Stirling Summitt Yow Žeravica

Contributors (35)

Airaldi Rivarola Ashry Atakol Bouffard Busnel Calvo Carneiro Dos Reis Greim Hepp Jones Killian Klieger Kozlowski López Martín Naismith Otto Pitzl Popović Ramsay Samaranch Šaper Saporta Scuri Seguro de Luna Semashko Seye Moreau Stanković Steitz Stern Ueda Vitale Wahby Yoon

Players (55)

A. Belov S. Belov Berkovich Cameron Chazalon Ćosić Cruz Dalipagić Daneu Delibašić Divac Donovan Edwards Epi Fasoulas Furlong Galis Gaze Gonçalves González Herrera Jean-Jacques Jordan Kićanović Korać Kukoč Maciel Marcari Marčiulionis Martín Marzorati Meneghin Meyers Miller Mujanović Olajuwon O'Neal Pasos Petrović Raga Rigaudeau Robertson Robinson Rodríguez Ronchetti Russell Sabonis Schmidt Semjonova Slavnić Timms Tkachenko Valters Voynova Zasulskaya

Teams (1)

United States Men's 1992 Olympic Dream Team

Technical officials (14)

Arabadjian Bain Belošević Blanchard Dimou Hopenhaym Kassai Kostin Lazarov Pfeuti Rae Reverberi Rigas Righetto

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United States men's basketball squad – 1983 Pan American Games
Pan American Games
– Gold medal

Cage Jordan Master Mullin Perkins Pinckney Price Reynolds Sitton Stokes Tisdale Wood Coach: Hartman

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United States men's basketball squad – 1984 Summer Olympics
1984 Summer Olympics
– Gold medal

4 Alford 5 Turner 6 Ewing 7 Fleming 8 Robertson 9 Jordan 10 Kleine 11 Koncak 12 Mullin 13 Tisdale 14 Perkins 15 Wood Coach: Knight

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United States squad – 1992 Tournament of the Americas
1992 Tournament of the Americas
– Gold medal

4 Laettner 5 Robinson 6 Ewing 7 Bird 8 Pippen 9 Jordan 10 Drexler 11 Malone 12 Stockton 13 Mullin 14 Barkley 15 Johnson Coach: Daly

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United States men's basketball squad – 1992 Summer Olympics
1992 Summer Olympics
– Gold medal

4 Laettner 5 Robinson 6 Ewing 7 Bird 8 Pippen 9 Jordan 10 Drexler 11 Malone 12 Stockton 13 Mullin 14 Barkley 15 Johnson Coach: Daly

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Sports Illustrated
Sports Illustrated
Sportsperson of the Year

1954: Roger Bannister 1955: Johnny Podres 1956: Bobby Morrow 1957: Stan Musial 1958: Rafer Johnson 1959: Ingemar Johansson 1960: Arnold Palmer 1961: Jerry Lucas 1962: Terry Baker 1963: Pete Rozelle 1964: Ken Venturi 1965: Sandy Koufax 1966: Jim Ryun 1967: Carl Yastrzemski 1968: Bill Russell 1969: Tom Seaver 1970: Bobby Orr 1971: Lee Trevino 1972: Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
& John Wooden 1973: Jackie Stewart 1974: Muhammad Ali 1975: Pete Rose 1976: Chris Evert 1977: Steve Cauthen 1978: Jack Nicklaus 1979: Terry Bradshaw
Terry Bradshaw
& Willie Stargell 1980: U.S. Olympic Hockey Team 1981: Sugar Ray Leonard 1982: Wayne Gretzky 1983: Mary Decker 1984: Edwin Moses
Edwin Moses
& Mary Lou Retton 1985: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar 1986: Joe Paterno 1987: Bob Bourne, Judi Brown King, Kipchoge Keino, Dale Murphy, Chip Rives, Patty Sheehan, Rory Sparrow, & Reggie Williams 1988: Orel Hershiser 1989: Greg LeMond 1990: Joe Montana 1991: Michael Jordan 1992: Arthur Ashe 1993: Don Shula 1994: Bonnie Blair
Bonnie Blair
& Johann Olav Koss 1995: Cal Ripken Jr. 1996: Tiger Woods 1997: Dean Smith 1998: Mark McGwire
Mark McGwire
& Sammy Sosa 1999: U.S. Women's Soccer Team 2000: Tiger Woods 2001: Curt Schilling
Curt Schilling
& Randy Johnson 2002: Lance Armstrong 2003: David Robinson & Tim Duncan 2004: Boston Red Sox 2005: Tom Brady 2006: Dwyane Wade 2007: Brett Favre 2008: Michael Phelps 2009: Derek Jeter 2010: Drew Brees 2011: Mike Krzyzewski
Mike Krzyzewski
& Pat Summitt 2012: LeBron James 2013: Peyton Manning 2014: Madison Bumgarner 2015: Serena Williams 2016: LeBron James 2017: José Altuve
José Altuve
& J. J. Watt

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Sporting News Sportsman/Pro Athlete of the Year

1968: Denny McLain 1969: Tom Seaver 1970: John Wooden 1971: Lee Trevino 1972: Charlie Finley 1973: O. J. Simpson 1974: Lou Brock 1975: Archie Griffin 1976: Larry O'Brien 1977: Steve Cauthen 1978: Ron Guidry 1979: Willie Stargell 1980: George Brett 1981: Wayne Gretzky 1982: Whitey Herzog 1983: Bowie Kuhn 1984: Peter Ueberroth 1985: Pete Rose 1986: Larry Bird 1987: None 1988: Jackie Joyner-Kersee 1989: Joe Montana 1990: Nolan Ryan 1991: Michael Jordan 1992: Mike Krzyzewski 1993: Cito Gaston
Cito Gaston
& Pat Gillick 1994: Emmitt Smith 1995: Cal Ripken Jr. 1996: Joe Torre 1997: Mark McGwire 1998: Mark McGwire
Mark McGwire
& Sammy Sosa 1999: New York Yankees 2000: Marshall Faulk
Marshall Faulk
& Kurt Warner 2001: Curt Schilling 2002: Tyrone Willingham 2003: Dick Vermeil
Dick Vermeil
& Jack McKeon 2004: Tom Brady 2005: Matt Leinart 2006: Dwyane Wade 2007: Tom Brady 2008: Eli Manning 2009: Mariano Rivera 2010: Roy Halladay 2011: Aaron Rodgers 2012: LeBron James

v t e

USA Basketball
Basketball
Male Athlete of the Year

1980: Thomas 1981: Boyle 1982: Rivers 1983: Jordan 1984: Jordan & Perkins 1985: Person 1986: Robinson 1987: Manning 1988: Majerle 1989: Johnson 1990: Mourning 1991: Laettner 1992: U.S. Olympic team 1993: Finley 1994: O'Neal 1995: Allen 1996: Pippen 1997: Boykins 1998: Brand 1999: Payton 2000: Mourning 2001: Duhon 2002: Miller 2003: Duncan 2004: May & Paul 2005: Williams 2006: Anthony 2007: Kidd 2008: U.S. Olympic team 2009: McAdoo 2010: Durant 2011: Parker 2012: James 2013: Gordon 2014: Irving 2015: Brunson 2016: Anthony & Durant 2017: Warney

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Associated Press
Associated Press
Male Athlete of the Year

1931: Pepper Martin 1932: Gene Sarazen 1933: Carl Hubbell 1934: Dizzy Dean 1935: Joe Louis 1936: Jesse Owens 1937: Don Budge 1938: Don Budge 1939: Nile Kinnick 1940: Tom Harmon 1941: Joe DiMaggio 1942: Frank Sinkwich 1943: Gunder Hägg 1944: Byron Nelson 1945: Byron Nelson 1946: Glenn Davis 1947: Johnny Lujack 1948: Lou Boudreau 1949: Leon Hart 1950: Jim Konstanty 1951: Dick Kazmaier 1952: Bob Mathias 1953: Ben Hogan 1954: Willie Mays 1955: Howard Cassady 1956: Mickey Mantle 1957: Ted Williams 1958: Herb Elliott 1959: Ingemar Johansson 1960: Rafer Johnson 1961: Roger Maris 1962: Maury Wills 1963: Sandy Koufax 1964: Don Schollander 1965: Sandy Koufax 1966: Frank Robinson 1967: Carl Yastrzemski 1968: Denny McLain 1969: Tom Seaver 1970: George Blanda 1971: Lee Trevino 1972: Mark Spitz 1973: O. J. Simpson 1974: Muhammad Ali 1975: Fred Lynn 1976: Bruce Jenner 1977: Steve Cauthen 1978: Ron Guidry 1979: Willie Stargell 1980: U.S. Olympic Hockey Team 1981: John McEnroe 1982: Wayne Gretzky 1983: Carl Lewis 1984: Carl Lewis 1985: Dwight Gooden 1986: Larry Bird 1987: Ben Johnson 1988: Orel Hershiser 1989: Joe Montana 1990: Joe Montana 1991: Michael Jordan 1992: Michael Jordan 1993: Michael Jordan 1994: George Foreman 1995: Cal Ripken Jr. 1996: Michael Johnson 1997: Tiger Woods 1998: Mark McGwire 1999: Tiger Woods 2000: Tiger Woods 2001: Barry Bonds 2002: Lance Armstrong 2003: Lance Armstrong 2004: Lance Armstrong 2005: Lance Armstrong 2006: Tiger Woods 2007: Tom Brady 2008: Michael Phelps 2009: Jimmie Johnson 2010: Drew Brees 2011: Aaron Rodgers 2012: Michael Phelps 2013: LeBron James 2014: Madison Bumgarner 2015: Stephen Curry 2016: LeBron James 2017: José Altuve

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Best Male Athlete ESPY Award
ESPY Award
winners

1993: Jordan 1994: Bonds 1995: Young 1996: Ripken Jr. 1997: Johnson 1998: Woods / Griffey Jr. 1999: McGwire 2000: Woods 2001: Woods 2002: Woods 2003: Armstrong 2004: Armstrong 2005: Armstrong 2006: Armstrong 2007: Tomlinson 2008: Woods 2009: Phelps 2010: Brees 2011: Nowitzki 2012: James 2013: James 2014: Durant 2015: Curry 2016: James 2017: Westbrook

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Chicago
Chicago
Bulls

Founded in 1966 Based in Chicago, Illinois

Franchise

Franchise Expansion Draft All-time roster Draft history Seasons Records Broadcasters Head coaches Current season

Arenas

International Amphitheatre Chicago
Chicago
Stadium United Center

Personnel

Owner: Jerry Reinsdorf Vice president of basketball operations: John Paxson General manager: Gar Forman Head coach: Fred Hoiberg

Culture

Air Jordan

Jumpman

Tommy Edwards Benny the Bull "Sirius" Ray Clay Jordan Rules Triangle offense Ashland Green/Pink Line Station Tex Winter The Spirit ( Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan
statue)

Lore

Phantom Buzzer Game The Shot Disputed foul against Scottie Pippen 72–10 Michael Jordan's last shot

Rivals

Cleveland Cavaliers Detroit Pistons Miami
Miami
Heat New York Knicks

Retired numbers

4 10 23 33 Coach General Manager

G League affiliate

Windy City Bulls

NBA Championships (6)

1991 1992 1993 1996 1997 1998

Eastern Conference Championships (6)

1991 1992 1993 1996 1997 1998

Division titles (9)

1975 1991 1992 1993 1996 1997 1998 2011 2012

Hall of Famers

George Gervin Artis Gilmore Phil Jackson Michael Jordan Robert Parish Scottie Pippen Dennis Rodman Jerry Sloan Nate Thurmond Tex Winter Jerry Reinsdorf

Media

TV WGN (through WGN Sports) NBC Sports Chicago CN100 Radio WSCR Announcers Neil Funk Stacey King Chuck Swirsky Bill Wennington

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Charlotte Hornets

Founded in 1988 Formerly the Charlotte Bobcats
Charlotte Bobcats
(2004–14) Based in Charlotte, North Carolina

Franchise

History Seasons 1988 Expansion Draft 2004 Expansion Draft Draft history All-time roster Head coaches Accomplishments Broadcasters Current season

Arenas

Charlotte Coliseum Spectrum Center

Administration

Owner Michael Jordan President of Basketball
Basketball
Operations Rod Higgins General Manager Buzz Peterson
Buzz Peterson
(interim)

General Managers

Scheer Bass Bickerstaff Higgins Cho Peterson (interim)

G League affiliate

Greensboro Swarm

Retired numbers

13

Hall of Famers

Robert Parish Alonzo Mourning Dave Cowens Larry Brown

Culture and lore

Buzz City George Shinn Hugo Charlotte Honey Bees "Grandmama" "Zo"

NBA Playoff Appearances (10)

1993 1995 1997 1998 2000 2001 2002 2010 2014 2016

Media

TV Fox Sports Carolinas Fox Sports Southeast Radio WFNZ Announcers Eric Collins Dell Curry Stephanie Ready Steve Martin

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Miami
Miami
Heat

Founded in 1988 Based in Miami, Florida

Franchise

Franchise Team history Expansion Draft All-time roster Draft history Seasons Records Broadcasters Head coaches Current season

Arenas

Miami
Miami
Arena American Airlines Arena

G League affiliates

Florida Flame Arkansas RimRockers Albuquerque Thunderbirds Sioux Falls Skyforce

General managers

Schaffel Wohl Pfund Riley Elisburg

NBA Championships (3)

2006 2012 2013

Eastern Conference Championships (5)

2006 2011 2012 2013 2014

Culture and lore

Micky Arison Pat Riley Michael Baiamonte Burnie "The Heat Is On" (Glenn Frey song) Shaq The Decision The Big Three 27 in a row The Shot

Retired numbers

10 23 32 33

Rivals

Chicago
Chicago
Bulls New York Knicks

Media

TV Fox Sports Sun Radio 790 The Ticket Announcers Eric Reid Tony Fiorentino Jason Jackson Mike Inglis

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 114945073 LCCN: n86020198 ISNI: 0000 0001 1455 4934 GND: 119184486 SUDOC: 032511205 BNF: cb139910665 (data) BIBSYS: 26929 NDL: 00514147 BNE: XX1017

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