HOME
The Info List - Miami


--- Advertisement ---



Miami
Miami
(/maɪˈæmi/; Spanish pronunciation: [miˈami]) is a major port city on the Atlantic coast of south Florida
Florida
in the southeastern United States. As the seat of Miami-Dade County, the municipality is the principal, central, and the most populous city of the Miami metropolitan area and part of the second-most populous metropolis in the southeastern United States.[8] According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Miami's metro area is the eighth-most populous and fourth-largest urban area in the U.S., with a population of around 5.5 million.[9][10] Miami
Miami
is a major center, and a leader in finance, commerce, culture, media, entertainment, the arts, and international trade.[11][12] In 2012, Miami
Miami
was classified as an "Alpha−" level world city in the World Cities Study Group's inventory.[13] In 2010, Miami
Miami
ranked seventh in the United States and 33rd among global cities in terms of business activity, human capital, information exchange, cultural experience, and political engagement.[14][15] In 2008, Forbes
Forbes
magazine ranked Miami
Miami
"America's Cleanest City", for its year-round good air quality, vast green spaces, clean drinking water, clean streets, and citywide recycling programs.[16] According to a 2009 UBS study of 73 world cities, Miami
Miami
was ranked as the richest city in the United States, and the world's seventh-richest city in terms of purchasing power.[17] Miami
Miami
is nicknamed the "Capital of Latin America"[1] and is the largest city with a Cuban-American
Cuban-American
plurality.[18] Miami
Miami
has the third tallest skyline in the U.S. with over 300 high-rises. Downtown Miami
Downtown Miami
is home to the largest concentration of international banks in the United States, and many large national and international companies.[19][20] The Civic Center is a major center for hospitals, research institutes, medical centers, and biotechnology industries. For more than two decades, the Port
Port
of Miami, known as the "Cruise Capital of the World", has been the number one cruise passenger port in the world. It accommodates some of the world's largest cruise ships and operations, and is the busiest port in both passenger traffic and cruise lines.[21][22] Metropolitan Miami
Miami
is also a major tourism hub in the southeastern U.S. for international visitors, ranking number two in the country after New York City.[23]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Geology 2.2 Cityscape

2.2.1 Neighborhoods

2.3 Climate

3 Demographics

3.1 Poverty 3.2 Languages 3.3 Religion 3.4 Civic engagement

4 Economy 5 Culture

5.1 Entertainment and performing arts 5.2 Museums and art 5.3 Music 5.4 Cuisine 5.5 Dialect 5.6 In popular culture

6 Sports 7 Parks 8 Government

8.1 City Commission

9 Education

9.1 Public schools 9.2 Private schools 9.3 Colleges and universities 9.4 Professional training programs

10 Media 11 Transportation

11.1 Airports 11.2 PortMiami 11.3 Public transportation 11.4 Miami
Miami
Public Transportation statistics 11.5 Rail 11.6 Road 11.7 Bicycling 11.8 Walkability

12 Notable people 13 International relations

13.1 Twin and sister cities 13.2 Cooperation agreements

14 See also 15 Notes 16 References 17 Further reading 18 External links

History Main articles: History of Miami
History of Miami
and Timeline of Miami See also: National Register of Historic Places listings in Miami, Florida

Approximately 400 men voted for Miami's incorporation in 1896 in the building to the left.

The Miami
Miami
area was inhabited for thousands of years by indigenous Native American tribes. The Tequestas occupied the area for a thousand years before encountering Europeans. An Indian village of hundreds of people dating to 500–600 B.C. was located at the mouth of the Miami River.[24] In 1566 admiral Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, Florida's first governor, claimed the area for Spain. A Spanish mission was constructed one year later in 1567. Spain
Spain
and Great Britain successively controlled Florida, and Spain
Spain
ceded it to the United States in 1821. In 1836, the US built Fort Dallas
Fort Dallas
as part of its development of the Florida Territory and attempt to suppress and remove the Seminole. The Miami area subsequently became a site of fighting during the Second Seminole War. Miami
Miami
is noted as "the only major city in the United States conceived by a woman, Julia Tuttle",[25] a local citrus grower and a wealthy Cleveland
Cleveland
native. The Miami
Miami
area was better known as "Biscayne Bay Country" in the early years of its growth. In the late 19th century, reports described the area as a promising wilderness.[26] The area was also characterized as "one of the finest building sites in Florida."[27] The Great Freeze of 1894–95 hastened Miami's growth, as the crops of the Miami
Miami
area were the only ones in Florida
Florida
that survived. Julia Tuttle
Julia Tuttle
subsequently convinced Henry Flagler, a railroad tycoon, to expand his Florida
Florida
East Coast Railway to the region, for which she became known as "the mother of Miami."[28][29] Miami
Miami
was officially incorporated as a city on July 28, 1896 with a population of just over 300.[30] It was named for the nearby Miami River, derived from Mayaimi, the historic name of Lake Okeechobee.[31]

The Freedom Tower, built in 1925, is Miami's historical landmark.

Black labor played a crucial role in Miami's early development. During the beginning of the 20th century, migrants from the Bahamas and African-Americans constituted 40 percent of the city's population.[32]:25 Whatever their role in the city's growth, their community's growth was limited to a small space. When landlords began to rent homes to African-Americans in neighborhoods close to Avenue J (what would later become NW Fifth Avenue), a gang of white men with torches visited the renting families and warned them to move or be bombed.[32]:33 During the early 20th century, northerners were attracted to the city, and Miami
Miami
prospered during the 1920s with an increase in population and infrastructure. The legacy of Jim Crow was embedded in these developments. Miami's chief of police, H. Leslie Quigg, did not hide the fact that he, like many other white Miami
Miami
police officers, was a member of the Ku Klux Klan. Unsurprisingly, these officers enforced social codes far beyond the written law. Quigg, for example, "personally and publicly beat a colored bellboy to death for speaking directly to a white woman."[32]:53 The collapse of the Florida
Florida
land boom of the 1920s, the 1926 Miami Hurricane, and the Great Depression
Great Depression
in the 1930s slowed development. When World War II began, Miami, well-situated on the southern coast of Florida, became a base for US defense against German submarines. The war brought an increase in Miami's population; by 1940, 172,172 people lived in the city. After Fidel Castro
Fidel Castro
rose to power in Cuba
Cuba
in 1959, many wealthy Cubans sought refuge in Miami, further increasing the population. The city developed businesses and cultural amenities as part of the New South. In the 1980s and 1990s, South Florida
Florida
weathered social problems related to drug wars, immigration from Haiti
Haiti
and Latin America, and the widespread destruction of Hurricane Andrew.[33] Racial and cultural tensions were sometimes sparked, but the city developed in the latter half of the 20th century as a major international, financial, and cultural center. It is the second-largest US city (after El Paso, Texas) with a Spanish-speaking majority, and the largest city with a Cuban-American
Cuban-American
plurality.[18] Miami
Miami
and its metropolitan area grew from just over 1,000 residents to nearly 5.5 million residents in just 110 years (1896–2006). The city's nickname, The Magic City, comes from this rapid growth. Winter visitors remarked that the city grew so much from one year to the next that it was like magic.[33] Geography

The mouth of the Miami
Miami
River at Brickell
Brickell
Key

Miami
Miami
and its suburbs are located on a broad plain between the Florida Everglades
Everglades
to the west and Biscayne Bay
Biscayne Bay
to the east, which also extends from Florida
Florida
Bay north to Lake Okeechobee. The elevation of the area never rises above 40 ft (12 m)[34] and averages at around 6 ft (1.8 m)[35] above mean sea level in most neighborhoods, especially near the coast. The highest undulations are found along the coastal Miami
Miami
Rock Ridge, whose substrate underlies most of the eastern Miami
Miami
metropolitan region. The main portion of the city lies on the shores of Biscayne Bay
Biscayne Bay
which contains several hundred natural and artificially created barrier islands, the largest of which contains Miami Beach
Miami Beach
and South Beach. The Gulf Stream, a warm ocean current, runs northward just 15 miles (24 km) off the coast, allowing the city's climate to stay warm and mild all year. Geology

View from one of the higher points in Miami, west of downtown. The highest natural point in the city of Miami
Miami
is in Coconut Grove, near the bay, along the Miami Rock Ridge at 24 feet (7.3 m) above sea level.[36]

The surface bedrock under the Miami
Miami
area is called Miami
Miami
oolite or Miami
Miami
limestone. This bedrock is covered by a thin layer of soil, and is no more than 50 feet (15 m) thick. Miami
Miami
limestone formed as the result of the drastic changes in sea level associated with recent glaciations or ice ages. Beginning some 130,000 years ago the Sangamonian Stage raised sea levels to approximately 25 feet (8 m) above the current level. All of southern Florida
Florida
was covered by a shallow sea. Several parallel lines of reef formed along the edge of the submerged Florida
Florida
plateau, stretching from the present Miami
Miami
area to what is now the Dry Tortugas. The area behind this reef line was in effect a large lagoon, and the Miami
Miami
limestone formed throughout the area from the deposition of oolites and the shells of bryozoans. Starting about 100,000 years ago the Wisconsin glaciation began lowering sea levels, exposing the floor of the lagoon. By 15,000 years ago, the sea level had dropped to 300 to 350 feet (90 to 110 m) below the contemporary level. The sea level rose quickly after that, stabilizing at the current level about 4000 years ago, leaving the mainland of South Florida
Florida
just above sea level. Beneath the plain lies the Biscayne Aquifer,[37] a natural underground source of fresh water that extends from southern Palm Beach County
Palm Beach County
to Florida
Florida
Bay, with its highest point peaking around the cities of Miami Springs and Hialeah. Most of the Miami metropolitan area
Miami metropolitan area
obtains its drinking water from this aquifer. As a result of the aquifer, it is not possible to dig more than 15 to 20 ft (5 to 6 m) beneath the city without hitting water, which impedes underground construction, though some underground parking garages exist. For this reason, the mass transit systems in and around Miami
Miami
are elevated or at-grade.[citation needed] Most of the western fringes of the city extend into the Everglades, a subtropical marshland located in the southern portion of the U.S. state of Florida. Alligators have ventured into Miami
Miami
communities and on major highways. In terms of land area, Miami
Miami
is one of the smallest major cities in the United States. According to the US Census Bureau, the city encompasses a total area of 55.27 sq mi (143.1 km2). Of that area, 35.67 sq mi (92.4 km2) is land and 19.59 sq mi (50.7 km2) is water. That means Miami comprises over 400,000 people in 35 square miles (91 km2), making it one of the most densely populated cities in the United States, along with New York City, San Francisco, Boston, Chicago, and Philadelphia. Cityscape See also: List of tallest buildings in Miami

Downtown Miami
Downtown Miami
Skyline (in 2014) as seen from the Rusty Pelican restaurant on Virginia Key.

Downtown Miami
Downtown Miami
skyline (in 2008) as seen from South Beach.

Downtown Miami
Downtown Miami
skyline (in 2009) as seen from the Port
Port
of Miami.

Neighborhoods

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Main article: Neighborhoods in Miami

The Downtown Miami
Downtown Miami
Historic District is the city's largest historic district, with buildings ranging from 1896 to 1939 in the heart of Downtown.

Map of Miami
Miami
neighborhoods.

The Downtown area has the fastest-growing neighborhoods in the city.

Miami
Miami
is partitioned into many different sections, roughly into North, South, West and Downtown. The heart of the city is Downtown Miami
Downtown Miami
and is technically on the eastern side of the city. This area includes Brickell, Virginia Key, Watson Island, and PortMiami. Downtown is South Florida's central business district, and Florida's largest and most influential central business district. Downtown has the largest concentration of international banks in the U.S. along Brickell Avenue. Downtown is home to many major banks, courthouses, financial headquarters, cultural and tourist attractions, schools, parks and a large residential population. East of Downtown, across Biscayne Bay
Biscayne Bay
is South Beach. Just northwest of Downtown, is the Civic Center, which is Miami's center for hospitals, research institutes and biotechnology with hospitals such as Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami
Miami
VA Hospital, and the University of Miami's Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine. The southern side of Miami
Miami
includes Coral Way, The Roads
The Roads
and Coconut Grove. Coral Way
Coral Way
is a historic residential neighborhood built in 1922 connecting Downtown with Coral Gables, and is home to many old homes and tree-lined streets. Coconut Grove
Coconut Grove
was established in 1825 and is the location of Miami's City Hall
City Hall
in Dinner Key, the Coconut Grove Playhouse, CocoWalk, many nightclubs, bars, restaurants and bohemian shops, and as such, is very popular with local college students. It is a historic neighborhood with narrow, winding roads, and a heavy tree canopy. Coconut Grove
Coconut Grove
has many parks and gardens such as Villa Vizcaya, The Kampong, The Barnacle Historic State Park, and is the home of the Coconut Grove
Coconut Grove
Convention Center and numerous historic homes and estates. The western side of Miami
Miami
includes Little Havana, West Flagler, and Flagami, and is home to many of the city's traditionally immigrant neighborhoods. Although at one time a mostly Jewish neighborhood, today western Miami
Miami
is home to immigrants from mostly Central America and Cuba, while the west central neighborhood of Allapattah
Allapattah
is a multicultural community of many ethnicities. The northern side of Miami
Miami
includes Midtown, a district with a great mix of diversity with many West Indians, Hispanics, European Americans, bohemians, and artists. Edgewater, and Wynwood, are neighborhoods of Midtown and are made up mostly of high-rise residential towers and are home to the Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts. The wealthier residents usually live in the northeastern part, in Midtown, the Design District, and the Upper East Side, with many sought after 1920s homes and home of the MiMo Historic District, a style of architecture originated in Miami
Miami
in the 1950s. The northern side of Miami
Miami
also has notable African American
African American
and Caribbean immigrant communities such as Little Haiti, Overtown (home of the Lyric Theater), and Liberty City. Climate Main article: Climate of Miami Miami
Miami
has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am)[38][39] with a marked drier season in the winter. Its sea-level elevation, coastal location, position just above the Tropic of Cancer, and proximity to the Gulf Stream
Gulf Stream
shape its climate. With January averaging 68.2 °F (20.1 °C), winter features highs generally ranging between 73–80 °F (23–27 °C). Cool air usually settles after the passage of a cold front, which produces much of the little amount of rainfall during the season. Lows fall below 50 °F (10 °C), an average of 10–15 nights during the winter season following the passage of cold fronts.

Typical summer afternoon thunderstorm rolling in from the Everglades.

The wet season begins some time in May, ending in mid-October. During this period, temperatures are in the mid 80s to low 90s (29–35 °C), accompanied by high humidity, though the heat is often relieved by afternoon thunderstorms or a sea breeze that develops off the Atlantic Ocean, which then allow lower temperatures, but conditions still remain very muggy. Much of the year's 55.9 inches (1,420 mm) of rainfall occurs during this period. Dew points in the warm months range from 71.9 °F (22.2 °C) in June to 73.7 °F (23.2 °C) in August.[40] Extremes range from 27 °F (−2.8 °C) on February 3, 1917 to 100 °F (38 °C) on July 21, 1940.[41] While Miami
Miami
has never officially recorded snowfall at any official weather station since records have been kept, snow flurries fell in some parts of Miami
Miami
on January 19, 1977.[42][43][44][45] Hurricane season officially runs from June 1 through November 30, although hurricanes can develop beyond those dates. The most likely time for Miami
Miami
to be hit is during the peak of the Cape Verde season, which is mid-August through the end of September.[46] Although tornadoes are uncommon in the area, one struck in 1925 and again in 1997. Around 40% of homes in Miami
Miami
are built upon floodplains and are considered as flood-risk zones.[47]

Miami
Miami
falls under the USDA
USDA
10b/11a Plant Hardiness zone.[48]

Climate data for Miami
Miami
(MIA), 1981−2010 normals,[a] extremes 1895−present[b]

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 88 (31) 89 (32) 93 (34) 96 (36) 98 (37) 98 (37) 100 (38) 98 (37) 97 (36) 95 (35) 91 (33) 89 (32) 100 (38)

Mean maximum °F (°C) 84.3 (29.1) 85.5 (29.7) 87.9 (31.1) 90.2 (32.3) 92.3 (33.5) 94.0 (34.4) 94.6 (34.8) 95.0 (35) 93.1 (33.9) 90.7 (32.6) 86.9 (30.5) 84.8 (29.3) 96.1 (35.6)

Average high °F (°C) 76.4 (24.7) 78.1 (25.6) 80.3 (26.8) 83.2 (28.4) 87.0 (30.6) 89.5 (31.9) 90.9 (32.7) 91.0 (32.8) 89.3 (31.8) 86.2 (30.1) 81.7 (27.6) 77.9 (25.5) 84.3 (29.1)

Daily mean °F (°C) 68.2 (20.1) 70.2 (21.2) 72.6 (22.6) 75.8 (24.3) 79.9 (26.6) 82.7 (28.2) 84.1 (28.9) 84.2 (29) 82.9 (28.3) 79.9 (26.6) 74.9 (23.8) 70.5 (21.4) 77.2 (25.1)

Average low °F (°C) 59.9 (15.5) 62.3 (16.8) 64.9 (18.3) 68.3 (20.2) 72.9 (22.7) 76.0 (24.4) 77.3 (25.2) 77.4 (25.2) 76.5 (24.7) 73.5 (23.1) 68.1 (20.1) 63.0 (17.2) 70.0 (21.1)

Mean minimum °F (°C) 43.1 (6.2) 46.6 (8.1) 50.6 (10.3) 57.3 (14.1) 65.3 (18.5) 70.7 (21.5) 72.3 (22.4) 72.3 (22.4) 72.1 (22.3) 63.8 (17.7) 54.9 (12.7) 46.3 (7.9) 40.1 (4.5)

Record low °F (°C) 28 (−2) 27 (−3) 32 (0) 39 (4) 50 (10) 60 (16) 66 (19) 67 (19) 62 (17) 45 (7) 36 (2) 30 (−1) 27 (−3)

Average rainfall inches (mm) 1.62 (41.1) 2.25 (57.2) 3.00 (76.2) 3.14 (79.8) 5.34 (135.6) 9.67 (245.6) 6.50 (165.1) 8.88 (225.6) 9.86 (250.4) 6.33 (160.8) 3.27 (83.1) 2.04 (51.8) 61.9 (1,572.3)

Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 in) 6.9 6.5 7.0 6.4 10.0 16.4 16.9 18.9 17.9 12.7 8.4 7.2 135.2

Average relative humidity (%) 72.7 70.9 69.5 67.3 71.6 76.2 74.8 76.2 77.8 74.9 73.8 72.5 73.2

Mean monthly sunshine hours 219.8 216.9 277.2 293.8 301.3 288.7 308.7 288.3 262.2 260.2 220.8 216.1 3,154

Percent possible sunshine 66 69 75 77 72 70 73 71 71 73 68 66 71

Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990),[40][49][50] The Weather Channel[51]

Demographics

Historical population

Census Pop.

1900 1,681

1910 5,471

225.5%

1920 29,571

440.5%

1930 110,637

274.1%

1940 172,172

55.6%

1950 249,276

44.8%

1960 291,688

17.0%

1970 334,859

14.8%

1980 346,681

3.5%

1990 358,548

3.4%

2000 362,470

1.1%

2010 399,457

10.2%

Est. 2016 453,579 [7] 13.5%

U.S. Decennial Census[52]

The city proper is home to less than one-thirteenth of the population of South Florida. Miami
Miami
is the 42nd-most populous city in the United States. The Miami metropolitan area
Miami metropolitan area
however, which includes Miami-Dade, Broward and Palm Beach counties, had a combined population of more than 5.5 million people, ranked seventh largest in the United States,[53] and is the largest metropolitan area in the Southeastern section of the country. As of 2008[update], the United Nations estimates that the Miami
Miami
Urban Agglomeration is the 44th-largest in the world.[54]

Map of racial distribution in Miami, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: White, Hispanic, Black, Asian

The 2010 US Census reports that of the Latino population in Miami proper, [55] 34.4% of those were of Cuban origin, 15.8% shared a Central American
Central American
background (7.2% Nicaraguan, 5.8% Honduran, 1.2% Salvadoran, and 1.0% Guatemalan) and further, 8.7% were of South American descent (3.2% Colombian, 1.4% Venezuelan, 1.2% Peruvian, 1.2% Argentinean, and 0.7% Ecuadorian), 4.0% had other Hispanic or Latino origins (0.5% Spaniard), 3.2% descended from Puerto Ricans, 2.4% were Dominican, and 1.5% had Mexican ancestry. As of 2010[update], those of African ancestry accounted for 19.2% of Miami's population, Out of that, 5.6% were West Indian or Afro-Caribbean American
Afro-Caribbean American
origin (4.4% Haitian, 0.4% Jamaican, 0.4% Bahamian, 0.1% British West Indian, and 0.1% Trinidadian and Tobagonian, 0.1% Other or Unspecified West Indian),[56] 3.0% were Black Hispanics,[55] and 0.4% were Subsaharan African origin.[57][58] As of 2010[update], those of (non-Hispanic white) European ancestry accounted for 11.9% of Miami's population. Out of the 11.9%, 1.7% were German, 1.6% Italian, 1.4% Irish, 1.0% English, 0.8% French, 0.6% Russian, and 0.5% were Polish.[57][58] As of 2010[update], those of Asian ancestry accounted for 1.0% of Miami's population. Out of the 1.0%, 0.3% were Indian people/ Indo-Caribbean American
Indo-Caribbean American
(1,206 people), 0.3% Chinese (1,804 people), 0.2% Filipino (647 people), 0.1% were other Asian (433 people), 0.1% Japanese (245 people), 0.1% Korean (213 people), and 0.0% were Vietnamese (125 people).[57] In 2010, 1.9% of the population considered themselves to be of only American ancestry (regardless of race or ethnicity.)[57][58] And 0.5% were of Arab ancestry, as of 2010[update].[57] As of 2010[update], there were 158,317 households of which 14.0% were vacant. 22.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.3% were married couples living together, 18.1% have a female head of household with no husband present, and 43.1% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older (4.0% male and 7.3% female.) The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.15.[57][59] In 2010, the city population was spread out with 18.8% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 33.1% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.8 years. For every 100 females there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.1 males.[57][59] As of 2010[update], the median income for a household in the city was $29,621, and the median income for a family was $33,379. Males had a median income of $27,849 versus $24,518 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,745. In 2010, 58.1% of the county's population was foreign born, with 41.1% being naturalized American citizens. Of foreign-born residents, 95.4% were born in Latin America, 2.4% were born in Europe, 1.4% born in Asia, 0.5% born in Africa, 0.2% in North America, and 0.1% were born in Oceania.[58] In 2004, the United Nations
United Nations
Development Program (UNDP) reported that Miami
Miami
had the highest proportion of foreign-born residents of any major city worldwide (59%), followed by Toronto (50%). In 1960, non-Hispanic whites represented 80% of Miami-Dade county's population.[60] In 1970, the Census Bureau reported Miami's population as 45.3% Hispanic, 32.9% non-Hispanic White, and 22.7% Black.[61] Miami's explosive population growth has been driven by internal migration from other parts of the country, primarily up until the 1980s, as well as by immigration, primarily from the 1960s to the 1990s. Today, immigration to Miami
Miami
has slowed significantly and Miami's growth today is attributed greatly to its fast urbanization and high-rise construction, which has increased its inner city neighborhood population densities, such as in Downtown, Brickell, and Edgewater, where one area in Downtown alone saw a 2,069% increase in population in the 2010 Census. Miami
Miami
is regarded as more of a multicultural mosaic, than it is a melting pot, with residents still maintaining much of, or some of their cultural traits. The overall culture of Miami
Miami
is heavily influenced by its large population of Hispanics and blacks mainly from the Caribbean islands.

Miami
Miami
demographics

2010 Census Miami[62] Miami-Dade County Florida

Total population 399,457 2,496,435 18,801,310

Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010 +10.2% +10.8% +17.6%

Population density 11,135.9/sq mi 1,315.5/sq mi 350.6/sq mi

White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic) 72.6% 73.8% 75.0%

Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 70.0% 65.0% 22.5%

Black or African-American 19.2% 18.9% 16.0%

(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian) 11.9% 15.4% 57.9%

Asian 1.0% 1.5% 2.4%

Native American or Native Alaskan 0.3% 0.2% 0.4%

Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian 0.0% 0.0% 0.1%

Two or more races (Multiracial) 2.7% 2.4% 2.5%

Some Other Race 4.2% 3.2% 3.6%

Historic ethnic makeup of Miami[63][64]

Year White (includes White Hispanics) Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Other Asian (of any race)

1910 58.7% – 41.3% – 0.1% –

1920 68.5% – 31.3% – 0.1% –

1930 77.3% – 22.7% – 0.1% –

1940 78.5% – 21.4% – 0.1% –

1950 83.7% – 16.2% – 0.1% –

1960 77.4% 17.6% 22.4% – 0.1% –

1970 76.6% 44.6% 22.7% 41.7% 0.4% 0.3%

1980 66.6% 55.9% 25.1% 19.4% 7.8% 0.5%

1990 65.6% 62.5% 27.4% 12.2% 6.4% 0.6%

2000 66.6% 65.8% 22.3% 11.8% 5.6% 0.7%

2010 72.6% 70.0% 19.2% 11.9% 4.2% 1.0%

Poverty About 22.2% of families and 27.3% of the population were below the poverty line at the census, including 37.1% of those under age 18 and 32.8% of those aged 65 or over.[65] Languages As of 2010[update], 70.2% of Miami's population age five and over spoke only Spanish at home while 22.7% of the population spoke English at home. About 6.3% spoke other Indo-European languages
Indo-European languages
at home. About 0.4% spoke Asian languages or Pacific Islander languages/Oceanic languages at home. The remaining 0.3% of the population spoke other languages at home. In total, 77.3% spoke another language other than English.[57] As of 2000, 66.75% of residents spoke Spanish at home, while those who only spoke English made up 25.45%. Speakers of Haitian Creole (French-based) were 5.20%, French speakers comprised 0.76% of the population, and Portuguese at 0.41%.[66] Among U.S. cities, Miami
Miami
has one of the highest proportions of residents who speak languages other than English at home (74.55% in 2000).[66] Due to English-speakers moving away from the area, the percentage of residents who speak only English is expected to continue to decline.[67] Religion

Plymouth Congregational Church in Coconut Grove.

Christianity
Christianity
is the most prevalently practiced religion in Miami (68%), according to a 2014 study by the Pew Research Center, with 39% professing attendance at a variety of churches that could be considered Protestant, and 27% professing Roman Catholic beliefs.[68][69] followed by Judaism
Judaism
(8%); Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, and a variety of other religions have smaller followings; atheism or no self-identifying organized religious affiliation was practiced by 24%. There has been a Norwegian Seamen's church in Miami
Miami
since the early 1980s. In November 2011, Crown Princess Mette-Marit
Crown Princess Mette-Marit
opened a new building for the church. The church was built as a center for the 10,000 Scandinavians that live in Florida. Around 4,000 of them are Norwegian. The church is also an important place for the 150 Norwegians
Norwegians
that work at Disney World.[70] Civic engagement Organizations such as the Miami-Dade Salvation Army
Salvation Army
and its iconic Red Kettle Christmas Campaign, Hands On Miami, City Year
City Year
Miami, Human Services Coalition of South Florida, and Citizens for a Better South Florida, among many other organizations have been working to engage Miamians in volunteerism. Economy

It has been suggested that this section be split out into another article. (Discuss) (November 2015)

Downtown is South Florida's main hub for finance, commerce and international business. Brickell
Brickell
Avenue has the largest concentration of international banks in the U.S.

As seen in 2006, the high-rise construction in Miami
Miami
has inspired popular opinion of " Miami
Miami
manhattanization"

Brickell
Brickell
Avenue in Downtown Miami's Brickell
Brickell
Financial District

PortMiami
PortMiami
is the world's largest cruise ship port, and is the headquarters of many of the world's largest cruise companies

Miami
Miami
is a major center of commerce, finance, and boasts a strong international business community. According to the ranking of world cities undertaken by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group & Network (GaWC) in 2010 and based on the level of presence of global corporate service organizations, Miami
Miami
is considered a "Alpha minus world city".[71] Miami
Miami
has a Gross Metropolitan Product of $257 billion and is ranked 20th worldwide in GMP, and 11th in the United States.[72][73] Several large companies are headquartered in or around Miami, including but not limited to: Akerman Senterfitt, Alienware, Arquitectonica, Arrow Air, Bacardi, Benihana, Brightstar Corporation, Burger King, Celebrity Cruises, Carnival Corporation, Carnival Cruise Lines, Crispin Porter + Bogusky, Duany Plater-Zyberk & Company, Espírito Santo Financial Group, Fizber.com, Greenberg Traurig, Holland & Knight, Inktel Direct, Interval International, Lennar, Navarro Discount Pharmacies, Norwegian Cruise Lines, Oceania Cruises, Perry Ellis International, RCTV International, Royal Caribbean Cruise Lines, Ryder
Ryder
Systems, Seabourn Cruise Line, Sedano's, Telefónica
Telefónica
USA, UniMÁS, Telemundo, Univision, U.S. Century Bank, Vector Group, and World Fuel Services. Because of its proximity to Latin America, Miami serves as the headquarters of Latin American operations for more than 1400 multinational corporations, including AIG, American Airlines, Cisco, Disney, Exxon, FedEx, Kraft Foods, LEO Pharma
LEO Pharma
Americas, Microsoft, Yahoo, Oracle, SBC Communications, Sony, Symantec, Visa International, and Wal-Mart.[74] Miami
Miami
is a major television production center, and the most important city in the U.S. for Spanish language media. Univisión, Telemundo
Telemundo
and UniMÁS
UniMÁS
have their headquarters in Miami, along with their production studios. The Telemundo
Telemundo
Television Studios produces much of the original programming for Telemundo, such as their telenovelas and talk shows. In 2011, 85% of Telemundo's original programming was filmed in Miami.[75] Miami
Miami
is also a major music recording center, with the Sony Music Latin and Universal Music Latin Entertainment
Universal Music Latin Entertainment
headquarters in the city, along with many other smaller record labels. The city also attracts many artists for music video and film shootings. During the mid-2000s, the city witnessed its largest real estate boom since the Florida
Florida
land boom of the 1920s. During this period, the city had well over a hundred approved high-rise construction projects in which 50 were actually built.[76] Rapid high-rise construction led to fast population growth in the city's inner neighborhoods, primarily in Downtown, Brickell
Brickell
and Edgewater, with these neighborhoods becoming the fastest-growing areas in the city. Miami's skyline is ranked third-most impressive in the U.S., behind New York City and Chicago, and 19th in the world according to the Almanac of Architecture and Design.[77] The city currently has the eight tallest (as well as thirteen of the fourteen tallest) skyscrapers in the state of Florida, with the tallest being the 789-foot (240 m) Four Seasons Hotel & Tower.[78] A housing market crash in 2007 caused a foreclosure crisis in the area.[79] In 2012, Forbes
Forbes
magazine named Miami
Miami
the most miserable city in the United States because of a crippling housing crisis that has cost multitudes of residents their homes and jobs. The metro area has one of the highest violent crime rates in the country and workers face lengthy daily commutes.[80] Like other metro areas in the United States, crime in Miami
Miami
is localized to specific neighborhoods.[81] In a 2016 study by the website 24/7 Wall Street, Miami
Miami
was rated as the worst U.S. city in which to live, based on crime, poverty, income inequality and housing costs that far exceed the national median.[82] Miami International Airport
Miami International Airport
and PortMiami
PortMiami
are among the nation's busiest ports of entry, especially for cargo from South America and the Caribbean. The Port of Miami
Port of Miami
is the world's busiest cruise port, and MIA is the busiest airport in Florida, and the largest gateway between the United States and Latin America.[83] Additionally, the city has the largest concentration of international banks in the country, primarily along Brickell
Brickell
Avenue in Brickell, Miami's financial district. Due to its strength in international business, finance and trade, many international banks have offices in Downtown such as Espírito Santo Financial Group, which has its U.S. headquarters in Miami. Miami
Miami
was also the host city of the 2003 Free Trade Area of the Americas negotiations. Tourism is also an important industry in Miami. Along with finance and business, the beaches, conventions, festivals and events draw over 38 million visitors annually into the city, from across the country and around the world, spending $17.1 billion.[84][85] The Art Deco District in South Beach, is reputed as one of the most glamorous in the world for its nightclubs, beaches, historical buildings, and shopping. Annual events such as the Sony
Sony
Ericsson Open, Art Basel, Winter Music Conference, South Beach
South Beach
Wine & Food Festival, and Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Miami attract millions to the metropolis every year. Miami
Miami
is the home to the National Hurricane Center
National Hurricane Center
and the headquarters of the United States Southern Command, responsible for military operations in Central and South America. In addition to these roles, Miami
Miami
is also an industrial center, especially for stone quarrying and warehousing. These industries are centered largely on the western fringes of the city near Doral and Hialeah. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, in 2004, Miami
Miami
had the third highest incidence of family incomes below the federal poverty line in the United States, making it the third poorest city in the USA, behind only Detroit, Michigan (ranked #1) and El Paso, Texas
El Paso, Texas
(ranked #2). Miami
Miami
is also one of the very few cities where its local government went bankrupt, in 2001.[86] On the other hand, Miami
Miami
has won accolades for its environmental policies: in 2008, it was ranked as "America's Cleanest City" according to Forbes
Forbes
for its year-round good air quality, vast green spaces, clean drinking water, clean streets and citywide recycling programs.[16]

Largest employers in Miami

Employer Employees

Miami-Dade County
Miami-Dade County
Public Schools 48,571

Miami-Dade County 29,000

United States Government 19,500

Florida
Florida
Government 17,100

University of Miami 16,100

Baptist Health South Florida 13,376

Jackson Health 12,576

Publix 10,800

American Airlines 9,000

Florida
Florida
International University 8,000

Miami
Miami
Dade College 6,200

Precision Response Corporation 5,000

City of Miami 4,309

Florida
Florida
Power and Light Company 3,840

Carnival Cruise Lines 3,500

Culture

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Entertainment and performing arts

Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts, the second-largest performing arts center in the United States.

In addition to such annual festivals like Calle Ocho Festival and Carnaval Miami, Miami
Miami
is home to many entertainment venues, theaters, museums, parks and performing arts centers. The newest addition to the Miami
Miami
arts scene is the Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts, the second-largest performing arts center in the United States after the Lincoln Center
Lincoln Center
in New York City, and is the home of the Florida Grand Opera. Within it are the Ziff Ballet Opera House, the center's largest venue, the Knight Concert Hall, the Carnival Studio Theater and the Peacock Rehearsal Studio. The center attracts many large-scale operas, ballets, concerts, and musicals from around the world and is Florida's grandest performing arts center. Other performing arts venues in Miami
Miami
include the Gusman Center for the Performing Arts, Coconut Grove
Coconut Grove
Playhouse, Colony Theatre, Lincoln Theatre, Actor's Playhouse at the Miracle Theatre Manuel Artime
Manuel Artime
Theater, Playground Theatre, Wertheim Performing Arts Center, the Fair Expo Center and the Bayfront Park Amphitheater
Bayfront Park Amphitheater
for outdoor music events. The city attracts a large number of musicians, singers, actors, dancers, and orchestral players. Miami
Miami
has numerous orchestras, symphonies and performing art conservatories. Some of these include the Florida
Florida
Grand Opera, FIU School of Music, Frost School of Music, Miami
Miami
Wind Symphony, New World School of the Arts, as well as the music, theater and art schools of the city's many universities and schools. Miami
Miami
is also a major fashion center, home to models and some of the top modeling agencies in the world. Miami
Miami
is also host to many fashion shows and events, including the annual Miami Fashion Week and the Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Miami held in the Wynwood
Wynwood
Art District.[87] Museums and art Some of the museums in Miami
Miami
include the Frost Art Museum, Frost Museum of Science, Institute of Contemporary Art,[88] Miami
Miami
Children's Museum, Vizcaya Museum and Gardens, as well as HistoryMiami
HistoryMiami
and Pérez Art Museums, both located in the Miami-Dade Cultural Center which also houses the Miami
Miami
main library. Music

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

The city is a major music production city and attracts many annual music festivals, such as Ultra Music Festival

Miami
Miami
music is varied. Cubans
Cubans
brought the conga[89] and rumba, while Haitians and the rest of the French West Indies
French West Indies
have brought kompa and zouk to Miami
Miami
from their homelands instantly popularizing them in American culture. Dominicans brought bachata, and merengue, while Colombians brought vallenato and cumbia, and Brazilians brought samba. West Indians and Caribbean people have brought, reggae, soca, calypso, and steel pan to the area as well.[90] In the early 1970s, the Miami
Miami
disco sound came to life with TK Records,[91] featuring the music of KC and the Sunshine Band, with such hits as "Get Down Tonight", "(Shake, Shake, Shake) Shake Your Booty" and "That's the Way (I Like It)";[92] and the Latin-American disco group, Foxy (band), with their hit singles "Get Off" and "Hot Number".[93] Miami-area natives George McCrae[94] and Teri DeSario[95] were also popular music artists during the 1970s disco era. The Bee Gees moved to Miami
Miami
in 1975 and have lived here ever since then.[96] Miami-influenced, Gloria Estefan
Gloria Estefan
and the Miami
Miami
Sound Machine, hit the popular music scene with their Cuban-oriented sound and had hits in the 1980s with "Conga" and "Bad Boys".[97] Miami
Miami
is also considered a "hot spot" for dance music,[98][99] Freestyle, a style of dance music popular in the 1980s and 90s was heavily influenced by Electro, hip-hop, and disco.[100] Many popular Freestyle acts such as Pretty Tony, Debbie Deb,[101] Stevie B,[102] and Exposé,[103] originated in Miami. Indie/folk acts Cat Power
Cat Power
and Iron & Wine are based in the city,[104] while alternative hip hop artist Sage Francis, electro artist Uffie, and the electroclash duo Avenue D were born in Miami, but musically based elsewhere. Also, ska punk band Against All Authority is from Miami, and rock/metal bands Nonpoint
Nonpoint
and Marilyn Manson each formed in neighboring Fort Lauderdale.[105][106] Cuban American female recording artist, Ana Cristina, was born in Miami
Miami
in 1985.[107] The 1980s and '90s also brought the genre of high energy Miami Bass to dance floors and car subwoofers throughout the country.[108] Miami Bass spawned artists like 2 Live Crew
2 Live Crew
(featuring Uncle Luke),[108] 95 South,[109] Tag Team,[110] 69 Boyz,[111] Quad City DJ's, and Freak Nasty. Examples of these songs are "Whoomp! (There It Is)" by Tag Team in 1993, "Tootsee Roll" by 69 Boyz in 1994, and "C'mon N' Ride It (The Train)" by the Quad City DJ's in 1996.[112] This was also a period of alternatives to nightclubs, the warehouse party, acid house, rave and outdoor festival scenes of the late 1980s and early 1990s were havens for the latest trends in electronic dance music,[113] especially house and its ever-more hypnotic, synthetic offspring techno and trance, in clubs like the infamous Warsaw Ballroom better known as Warsaw and The Mix where DJs like David Padilla (who was the resident DJ for both) and radio. The new sound fed back into mainstream clubs across the country. The scene in SoBe, along with a bustling secondhand market for electronic instruments and turntables, had a strong democratizing effect, offering amateur, "bedroom" DJs the opportunity to become proficient and popular as both music players and producers, regardless of the whims of the professional music and club industries. Some of these notable DJs are John Benetiz (better known as JellyBean Benetiz), Danny Tenaglia, and David Padilla.[114] Miami
Miami
is also home to a vibrant techno and dance scene and hosts the Winter Music Conference, the largest dance event in the world, Ultra Music Festival and many electronica music-themed celebrations and festivals. There are also several rap and hip hop artists out of Miami. They include Trick Daddy, Rick Ross, Trina, Pitbull, Pretty Ricky, and the Miami Bass group 2 Live Crew. Cuisine

A cortadito is a popular espresso beverage found in cafeterias around Miami. It is particularly popular for breakfast or in the afternoon with a pastelito.

The cuisine of Miami
Miami
is a reflection of its diverse population, with a heavy influence especially from Caribbean cuisine
Caribbean cuisine
and from Latin American cuisine. By combining the two with American cuisine, it has spawned a unique South Florida
Florida
style of cooking known as Floribbean cuisine. Floribbean cuisine
Floribbean cuisine
is widely available throughout Miami
Miami
and South Florida, and can be found in restaurant chains such as Pollo Tropical. Cuban immigrants in the 1960s brought the Cuban sandwich, medianoche, Cuban espresso, and croquetas, all of which have grown in popularity to all Miamians, and have become symbols of the city's varied cuisine. Today, these are part of the local culture, and can be found throughout the city in window cafés, particularly outside of supermarkets and restaurants.[115][116] Restaurants such as Versailles restaurant in Little Havana
Little Havana
are landmark eateries of Miami. Located on the Atlantic Ocean, and with a long history as a seaport, Miami
Miami
is also known for its seafood, with many seafood restaurants located along the Miami
Miami
River, and in and around Biscayne Bay.[117] Miami
Miami
is also the home of restaurant chains such as Burger King, Tony Roma's and Benihana. Dialect Main article: Miami
Miami
accent The Miami
Miami
area has a unique dialect, (commonly called the "Miami accent") which is widely spoken. The dialect developed among second- or third-generation Hispanics, including Cuban-Americans, whose first language was English (though some non-Hispanic white, black, and other races who were born and raised in the Miami
Miami
area tend to adopt it as well).[118] It is based on a fairly standard American accent but with some changes very similar to dialects in the Mid-Atlantic (especially the New York area dialect, Northern New Jersey English, and New York Latino English.) Unlike Virginia Piedmont, Coastal Southern American, and Northeast American dialects and Florida
Florida
Cracker dialect (see section below), " Miami
Miami
accent" is rhotic; it also incorporates a rhythm and pronunciation heavily influenced by Spanish (wherein rhythm is syllable-timed).[119] However, this is a native dialect of English, not learner English or interlanguage; it is possible to differentiate this variety from an interlanguage spoken by second-language speakers in that " Miami
Miami
accent" does not generally display the following features: there is no addition of /ɛ/ before initial consonant clusters with /s/, speakers do not confuse of /dʒ/ with /j/, (e.g., Yale with jail), and /r/ and /rr/ are pronounced as alveolar approximant [ɹ] instead of alveolar tap [ɾ] or alveolar trill [r] in Spanish.[120][121][122][123] In popular culture

This section appears to contain trivial, minor, or unrelated references to popular culture. Please reorganize this content to explain the subject's impact on popular culture rather than simply listing appearances; add references to reliable sources if possible. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2017)

View of the "Moon over Miami", a famous phrase that has inspired many pop culture items, including a movie, TV series, and song.

See also: List of films and television shows set in Miami
List of films and television shows set in Miami
and Miami (song) The video game Scarface: The World Is Yours takes place in Miami. The game is based on and is a quasi-sequel to the 1983 motion picture Scarface starring Al Pacino
Al Pacino
reprising his role as Tony Montana, with André Sogliuzzo providing Montana's voice. The game begins in the film's final scene, with Tony Montana's mansion being raided by Alejandro Sosa's (Robert Davi) assassins.[124] Sports

American Airlines
American Airlines
Arena, home of the Miami
Miami
Heat

See also: Sport in Miami

Miami
Miami
Jai Alai fronton, known as "The Yankee Stadium of Jai Alai"

Miami's main four sports teams are the Miami Dolphins
Miami Dolphins
of the National Football League, the Miami Heat
Miami Heat
of the National Basketball Association, the Miami Marlins
Miami Marlins
of Major League Baseball, and the Florida
Florida
Panthers of the National Hockey League. As well as having all four major professional teams, Miami
Miami
is also home to the Major League Soccer expansion team led by David Beckham, Sony
Sony
Ericsson Open for professional tennis, numerous greyhound racing tracks, marinas, jai alai venues, and golf courses. The city streets has hosted professional auto races, the Miami Indy Challenge
Miami Indy Challenge
and later the Grand Prix Americas. The Homestead-Miami Speedway
Homestead-Miami Speedway
oval hosts NASCAR
NASCAR
national races. The Heat and the Marlins play within Miami's city limits. The Heat play at the American Airlines Arena
American Airlines Arena
in Downtown Miami. The Miami Marlins home ballpark is Marlins Park, located in Little Havana
Little Havana
on the site of the old Orange Bowl stadium. The Miami Dolphins
Miami Dolphins
play at Hard Rock Stadium
Hard Rock Stadium
in suburban Miami Gardens. The Florida
Florida
Panthers play in nearby Sunrise at the BB&T Center. Miami FC
Miami FC
of the North American Soccer League, the second tier of the American soccer pyramid, play at FIU Stadium, and the Fort Lauderdale Strikers play at Lockhart Stadium in nearby Fort Lauderdale, also in the North American Soccer League. Miami
Miami
is also home to Paso Fino horses, where competitions are held at Tropical Park Equestrian Center. The Orange Bowl, a member of the Bowl Championship Series, hosts their college football championship games at Hard Rock Stadium. The stadium has also hosted the Super Bowl; the Miami
Miami
metro area has hosted the game a total of ten times (five Super Bowls at the current Hard Rock Stadium, including Super Bowl
Super Bowl
XLI and five at the Miami
Miami
Orange Bowl), tying New Orleans for the most games.[citation needed] Miami
Miami
is also the home of many college sports teams. The two largest are the University of Miami
University of Miami
Hurricanes, whose football team plays at Hard Rock Stadium, and Florida
Florida
International University Panthers whose football team plays at FIU Stadium. The following table shows the Miami
Miami
area major professional teams and Division I teams with an average attendance of more than 10,000:

Major professional and D-I college teams (attendance > 10,000)

Club Sport League Venue (Capacity) Attendance League Championships

Miami
Miami
Dolphins Football National Football League Hard Rock Stadium
Hard Rock Stadium
(80,120) 70,035 Super Bowl
Super Bowl
(2) — 1972, 1973

Miami
Miami
Hurricanes Football NCAA D-I (ACC) Hard Rock Stadium
Hard Rock Stadium
(80,120) 53,837 National titles (5) — 1983, 1987, 1989, 1991, 2001

Miami
Miami
Marlins Baseball Major League Baseball Marlins Park
Marlins Park
(36,742) 21,386 World Series
World Series
(2) — 1997, 2003

Miami
Miami
Heat Basketball National Basketball
Basketball
Association American Airlines Arena
American Airlines Arena
(19,600) 19,710 NBA Finals
NBA Finals
(3) — 2006, 2012, 2013

FIU Panthers Football NCAA D-I (Conference USA) FIU Stadium
FIU Stadium
(23,500) 15,453 None

Florida
Florida
Panthers Hockey National Hockey League BB&T Center (19,250) 10,250 None

Miami
Miami
MLS team Soccer Major League Soccer Miami
Miami
MLS Stadium None None

Parks

The Barnacle Historic State Park, built in 1891 in Miami's Coconut Grove neighborhood.

Miami's tropical weather allows for year-round outdoor activities. The city has numerous marinas, rivers, bays, canals, and the Atlantic Ocean, which make boating, sailing, and fishing popular outdoor activities. Biscayne Bay
Biscayne Bay
has numerous coral reefs that make snorkeling and scuba diving popular. There are over 80 parks and gardens in the city.[125] The largest and most popular parks are Bayfront Park
Bayfront Park
and Bicentennial Park (located in the heart of Downtown and the location of the American Airlines Arena
American Airlines Arena
and Bayside Marketplace), Tropical Park, Peacock Park, Morningside Park, Virginia Key, and Watson Island. Other popular cultural destinations in or near Miami
Miami
include Zoo Miami, Jungle Island, Miami
Miami
Seaquarium, Monkey Jungle, Coral Castle, St. Bernard de Clairvaux Church, Charles Deering Estate, Fairchild Botanical Gardens, and Key Biscayne. Government

Miami
Miami
City Hall
City Hall
at Dinner Key in Coconut Grove. The city's primary administrative offices are held here.

Miami-Dade County
Miami-Dade County
Courthouse

Main article: Government of the City of Miami The government of the City of Miami
Miami
(proper) uses the mayor-commissioner type of system. The city commission consists of five commissioners that are elected from single member districts. The city commission constitutes the governing body with powers to pass ordinances, adopt regulations, and exercise all powers conferred upon the city in the city charter. The mayor is elected at large and appoints a city manager. The City of Miami
Miami
is governed by Mayor Tomás Regalado and 5 City commissioners that oversee the five districts in the city. The commission's regular meetings are held at Miami
Miami
City Hall, which is located at 3500 Pan American Drive on Dinner Key in the neighborhood of Coconut Grove
Coconut Grove
. City Commission See also: List of mayors of Miami

Francis X. Suarez Mayor of the City of Miami Wifredo "Willy" Gort – Miami
Miami
Commissioner, District 1

Allapattah
Allapattah
and Grapeland Heights

Ken Russell – Miami
Miami
Commissioner, District 2 (Vice-Chairman)

Brickell, Coconut Grove, Coral Way, Downtown Miami, Edgewater, Midtown Miami, Omni, Park West and the Upper Eastside

Joe Carollo – Miami
Miami
Commissioner, District 3

Coral Way, Little Havana
Little Havana
and The Roads

Manolo Reyes – Miami
Miami
Commissioner, District 4

Coral Way, Flagami
Flagami
and West Flagler

Keon Hardemon – Miami
Miami
Commissioner, District 5 (Chairman)

Buena Vista, Design District, Liberty City, Little Haiti, Little River, Lummus Park, Overtown, Spring Garden and Wynwood

Emilio T. Gonzalez, PhD – City Manager Victoria Méndez – City Attorney Todd B. Hannon – City Clerk

Education

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Public schools Main article: Miami-Dade County
Miami-Dade County
Public Schools

Miami
Miami
Senior High School, Miami's oldest continuously used high school structure

Florida
Florida
International University has the largest enrollment of any university in South Florida, and is one of the state's primary research universities.

Public schools in Miami
Miami
are governed by Miami-Dade County
Miami-Dade County
Public Schools, which is the largest school district in Florida
Florida
and the fourth-largest in the United States. As of September 2008 it has a student enrollment of 385,655 and over 392 schools and centers. The district is also the largest minority public school system in the country, with 60% of its students being of Hispanic origin, 28% Black or West Indian American, 10% White (non-Hispanic) and 2% non-white of other minorities.[126] Miami
Miami
is home to some of the nation's best high schools, such as Design and Architecture High School, ranked the nation's best magnet school, MAST Academy, Coral Reef High School, ranked 20th-best public high school in the U.S., Miami
Miami
Palmetto High School, and the New World School of the Arts.[127] M-DCPS is also one of a few public school districts in the United States to offer optional bilingual education in Spanish, French, German, Haitian Creole, and Mandarin Chinese. Private schools Miami
Miami
is home to several well-known Roman Catholic, Jewish and non-denominational private schools. The Archdiocese of Miami
Archdiocese of Miami
operates the city's Catholic private schools, which include: St. Hugh Catholic School, St. Agatha Catholic School, St. Theresa School, Immaculata-Lasalle High School, Monsignor Edward Pace High School, Archbishop Curley-Notre Dame High School, St. Brendan High School, amongst numerous other Catholic elementary and high schools. Catholic preparatory schools operated by religious orders are Christopher Columbus High School and Belen Jesuit Preparatory School for boys and Carrollton School of the Sacred Heart
Carrollton School of the Sacred Heart
and Our Lady of Lourdes Academy for girls. Non-denominational private schools in Miami
Miami
are Ransom Everglades, Gulliver Preparatory School, and Miami
Miami
Country Day School. Other schools in the area include Samuel Scheck Hillel Community Day School, Dade Christian School, Palmer Trinity School, Westminster Christian School, and Riviera Schools Colleges and universities

Founded in 1925, the University of Miami
University of Miami
is the oldest college in Florida
Florida
south of Winter Park.

Miami
Miami
has over 200,000 students enrolled in local colleges and universities, placing it seventh in the nation in per capita university enrollment. In 2010, the city's four largest colleges and universities (MDC, FIU, UM, and Barry) graduated 28,000 students.[128] Colleges and universities in and around Miami:

Barry University
Barry University
(private) Carlos Albizu University
Carlos Albizu University
(private) Florida
Florida
International University (FIU) (public) Florida
Florida
Memorial University (private) Johnson and Wales University
Johnson and Wales University
(private) Keiser University
Keiser University
(private) Manchester Business School
Manchester Business School
(satellite location, UK public) Miami Culinary Institute (public) Miami Dade College
Miami Dade College
(public) Miami
Miami
International University of Art & Design (private) Nova Southeastern University
Nova Southeastern University
(private) St. Thomas University (private) Talmudic University (private) University of Miami
University of Miami
(private)

Overall, amongst Miamians 25 years and older, 67% had a high school diploma, and 22% had a bachelor's degree or higher.[129] In 2011, Miami
Miami
was ranked as the sixth-most-read city in the U.S. with high book sales.[130] Professional training programs Miami
Miami
is also home to both for-profit and nonprofit organizations that offer a range of professional training and other, related educational programs. Per Scholas, for example is a nonprofit organization that offers free professional certification training directed towards successfully passing CompTIA
CompTIA
A+ and Network+ certification exams as a route to securing jobs and building careers.[131] [132] [133] Media Main article: Media in Miami See also: List of newspapers in Florida, List of radio stations in Florida, and List of television stations in Florida

Former headquarters of The Miami
Miami
Herald

Miami
Miami
has one of the largest television markets in the nation and the second largest in the state of Florida.[134] Miami
Miami
has several major newspapers, the main and largest newspaper being The Miami
Miami
Herald. El Nuevo Herald is the major and largest Spanish-language newspaper. The Miami Herald
Miami Herald
and El Nuevo Herald
El Nuevo Herald
are Miami's and South Florida's main, major and largest newspapers. The papers left their longtime home in downtown Miami
Miami
in 2013. The newspapers are now headquartered at the former home of U.S. Southern Command
U.S. Southern Command
in Doral.[135] Other major newspapers include Miami
Miami
Today, headquartered in Brickell, Miami
Miami
New Times, headquartered in Midtown, Miami
Miami
Sun Post, South Florida
Florida
Business Journal, Miami
Miami
Times, and Biscayne Boulevard
Biscayne Boulevard
Times. An additional Spanish-language newspapers, Diario Las Americas also serve Miami. The Miami Herald
The Miami Herald
is Miami's primary newspaper with over a million readers and is headquartered in Downtown in Herald Plaza. Several other student newspapers from the local universities, such as the oldest, the University of Miami's The Miami
Miami
Hurricane, Florida International University's The Beacon, Miami-Dade College's The Metropolis, Barry University's The Buccaneer, amongst others. Many neighborhoods and neighboring areas also have their own local newspapers such as the Aventura News, Coral Gables
Coral Gables
Tribune, Biscayne Bay Tribune, and the Palmetto Bay News. A number of magazines circulate throughout the greater Miami
Miami
area, including Miami
Miami
Monthly, Southeast Florida's only city/regional; Ocean Drive, a hot-spot social scene glossy, and South Florida
Florida
Business Leader. Miami
Miami
is also the headquarters and main production city of many of the world's largest television networks, record label companies, broadcasting companies and production facilities, such as Telemundo, TeleFutura, Galavisión, Mega TV, Univisión, Univision Communications, Inc., Universal Music Latin Entertainment, RCTV International and Sunbeam Television. In 2009, Univisión
Univisión
announced plans to build a new production studio in Miami, dubbed 'Univisión Studios'. Univisión
Univisión
Studios is currently headquartered in Miami, and will produce programming for all of Univisión
Univisión
Communications' television networks.[136] Miami
Miami
is the twelfth largest radio market[137] and the seventeenth largest television market[138] in the United States. Television stations serving the Miami
Miami
area include: WAMI (Telefutura), WBFS (My Network TV), WSFL (The CW), WFOR (CBS), WHFT (TBN), WLTV (Univision), WPLG
WPLG
(ABC), WPXM (Ion), WSCV (Telemundo), WSVN
WSVN
(Fox), WTVJ
WTVJ
(NBC), WPBT (PBS), and WLRN (also PBS). Transportation

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Main article: Transportation in South Florida Airports Miami International Airport
Miami International Airport
serves as the primary international airport of the Greater Miami
Miami
Area. One of the busiest international airports in the world, Miami International Airport
Miami International Airport
caters to over 35 million passengers a year. The airport is a major hub and the single largest international gateway for American Airlines. Miami International is the busiest airport in Florida, and is the United States' second-largest international port of entry for foreign air passengers behind New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport, and is the seventh-largest such gateway in the world. The airport's extensive international route network includes non-stop flights to over seventy international cities in North and South America, Europe, Asia, and the Middle East. Alternatively, nearby Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport also serves commercial traffic in the Miami
Miami
area.[139] Miami-Opa Locka Executive Airport in Opa-locka and Miami Executive Airport in an unincorporated area southwest of Miami
Miami
serve general aviation traffic in the Miami
Miami
area. PortMiami

The Royal Caribbean International
Royal Caribbean International
headquarters at the Port
Port
of Miami.

Further information: PortMiami Miami
Miami
is home to one of the largest ports in the United States, the PortMiami. It is the largest cruise ship port in the world. The port is often called the "Cruise Capital of the World" and the "Cargo Gateway of the Americas".[140] It has retained its status as the number one cruise/passenger port in the world for well over a decade accommodating the largest cruise ships and the major cruise lines. In 2007, the port served 3,787,410 passengers.[141] Additionally, the port is one of the nation's busiest cargo ports, importing 7.8 million tons of cargo in 2007.[141] Among North American ports, it ranks second to the Port
Port
of South Louisiana in New Orleans in terms of cargo tonnage imported/exported from Latin America. The port is on 518 acres (2 km2) and has 7 passenger terminals. China is the port's number one import country, and Honduras
Honduras
is the number one export country. Miami
Miami
has the world's largest amount of cruise line headquarters, home to: Carnival Cruise Lines, Celebrity Cruises, Norwegian Cruise Line, Oceania Cruises, and Royal Caribbean International. In 2014, the Port of Miami
Port of Miami
Tunnel was completed and will serve the PortMiami.[142] Public transportation

The Miami Metrorail
Miami Metrorail
is the city's rapid transit system and connects the city's central core with its outlying suburbs

Tri-Rail
Tri-Rail
is Miami's commuter rail that runs north-south from Miami's suburbs in West Palm Beach
West Palm Beach
to Miami
Miami
International Airport.

Main article: Miami-Dade Transit Public transportation in Miami
Miami
is operated by Miami-Dade Transit
Miami-Dade Transit
and SFRTA, and includes commuter rail (Tri-Rail), heavy-rail rapid transit (Metrorail), an elevated people mover (Metromover), and buses (Metrobus). Miami
Miami
has Florida's highest transit ridership as about 17% of Miamians use transit on a daily basis.[143] Miami's heavy-rail rapid transit system, Metrorail, is an elevated system comprising two lines and 23 stations on a 24.4-mile (39.3 km)-long line. Metrorail connects the urban western suburbs of Hialeah, Medley, and inner-city Miami
Miami
with suburban The Roads, Coconut Grove, Coral Gables, South Miami
South Miami
and urban Kendall via the central business districts of Miami
Miami
International Airport, the Civic Center, and Downtown. A free, elevated people mover, Metromover, operates 21 stations on three different lines in greater Downtown Miami, with a station at roughly every two blocks of Downtown and Brickell. Several expansion projects are being funded by a transit development sales tax surcharge throughout Miami-Dade County. Tri-Rail, a commuter rail system operated by the South Florida Regional Transportation Authority (SFRTA), runs from Miami International Airport northward to West Palm Beach, making eighteen stops throughout Miami-Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach counties. Construction is currently underway on the Miami Intermodal Center
Miami Intermodal Center
and Miami
Miami
Central Station, a massive transportation hub servicing Metrorail, Amtrak, Tri-Rail, Metrobus, Greyhound Lines, taxis, rental cars, MIA Mover, private automobiles, bicycles and pedestrians adjacent to Miami
Miami
International Airport. Completion of the Miami Intermodal Center is expected to be completed by winter 2011, and will serve over 150,000 commuters and travelers in the Miami
Miami
area. Phase I of Miami Central Station
Miami Central Station
is scheduled to begin service in the spring of 2012, and Phase II in 2013. Two new light rail systems, Baylink and the Miami
Miami
Streetcar, have been proposed and are currently in the planning stage. BayLink would connect Downtown with South Beach, and the Miami
Miami
Streetcar would connect Downtown with Midtown. Miami
Miami
Public Transportation statistics The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Miami, FL, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 90 min. 39% of public transit riders, ride for more than 2 hours every day. The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 18 min, while 37% of riders wait for over 20 minutes on average every day. The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 13 km, while 38% travel for over 12 km in a single direction.[144] Rail Miami
Miami
is the southern terminus of Amtrak's Atlantic Coast services, running two lines, the Silver Meteor
Silver Meteor
and the Silver Star, both terminating in New York City. The Miami
Miami
Amtrak
Amtrak
Station is located in the suburb of Hialeah
Hialeah
near the Tri-Rail/Metrorail Station on NW 79 St and NW 38 Ave. Current construction of the Miami Central Station
Miami Central Station
will move all Amtrak
Amtrak
operations from its current out-of-the-way location to a centralized location with Metrorail, MIA Mover, Tri-Rail, Miami International Airport, and the Miami Intermodal Center
Miami Intermodal Center
all within the same station closer to Downtown. The station was expected to be completed by 2012,[145] but experienced several delays and was later expected to be completed in late 2014,[146] again pushed back to early 2015.[147] Florida
Florida
High Speed Rail was a proposed government backed high-speed rail system that would have connected Miami, Orlando, and Tampa. The first phase was planned to connect Orlando
Orlando
and Tampa
Tampa
and was offered federal funding, but it was turned down by Governor Rick Scott in 2011. The second phase of the line was envisioned to connect Miami. By 2014, a private project known as All Aboard Florida
Florida
by a company of the historic Florida
Florida
East Coast Railway began construction of a higher-speed rail line in South Florida
Florida
that is planned to eventually terminate at Orlando
Orlando
International Airport.[148] Road

The Venetian Causeway
Venetian Causeway
(left) and MacArthur Causeway
MacArthur Causeway
(right) connect Downtown and South Beach, Miami
Miami
Beach.

State Road 886 ( Port
Port
Boulevard) connects downtown and PortMiami
PortMiami
by bridge over Biscayne Bay.

Miami's road system is based along the numerical " Miami
Miami
Grid" where Flagler Street
Flagler Street
forms the east-west baseline and Miami Avenue
Miami Avenue
forms the north-south meridian. The corner of Flagler Street
Flagler Street
and Miami Avenue
Miami Avenue
is in the middle of Downtown in front of the Downtown Macy's
Macy's
(formerly the Burdine's
Burdine's
headquarters). The Miami
Miami
grid is primarily numerical so that, for example, all street addresses north of Flagler Street
Flagler Street
and west of Miami Avenue
Miami Avenue
have "NW" in their address. Because its point of origin is in Downtown, which is close to the coast, therefore, the "NW" and "SW" quadrants are much larger than the "SE" and "NE" quadrants. Many roads, especially major ones, are also named (e.g., Tamiami Trail/SW 8th St), although, with exceptions, the number is in more common usage among locals. With few exceptions, within this grid north/south roads are designated as Courts, Roads, Avenues or Places (often remembered by their acronym), while east/west roads are Streets, Terraces, Drives or occasionally Ways. Major roads in each direction are located at one mile intervals. There are 16 blocks to each mile on north/south avenues, and 10 blocks to each mile on east/west streets. Major north/south avenues generally end in "7" – e.g., 17th, 27th, 37th/Douglas Aves., 57th/Red Rd., 67th/Ludlam, 87th/Galloway, etc., all the way west beyond 177th/Krome Avenue. (One prominent exception is 42nd Avenue, LeJeune Road, located at the half-mile point instead.) Major east/west streets to the south of downtown are multiples of 16, though the beginning point of this system is at SW 8th St, one half mile south of Flagler ("zeroth") Street. Thus, major streets are at 8th St. + 16 = 24th St./Coral Way, + 16 = 40th St./Bird, +16 = 56th/Miller, + 16 = 72nd/ Sunset, + 16 = 88th/N. Kendall, + 16 = 104th (originally S. Kendall), + 16 = 120th/Montgomery, + 16 = 136th/Howard, + 16 = 152nd/Coral Reef, + 16 = 168th/Richmond, + 16 = 184th/Eureka, + 16 = 200th/Quail Roost, + 16 = 216th/Hainlin Mill, + 16 = 232nd/Silver Palm, + 16 = 248th/Coconut Palm, etc., well into the 300's. Within the Grid, odd-numbered addresses are generally on the north or east side, and even-numbered addresses are on the south or west side. This makes even unfamiliar addresses and distances easy – If one must travel from, say 1709 SW 8th St. to 24832 SW 157th Avenue, one knows it will be 140 blocks (157 − 17) / 20 miles to the west and 240 blocks (248 − 8) / 15 miles to the south, and that the destination will be on the south side of 248th St. Remarkably, even Miami
Miami
natives are often unaware of this pattern. All streets and avenues in Miami-Dade County
Miami-Dade County
follow the Miami
Miami
Grid, with a few exceptions, most notably Coral Gables, Hialeah, Coconut Grove and Miami
Miami
Beach. One neighborhood, The Roads, is thusly named because its streets run off the Miami
Miami
Grid at a 45-degree angle, and therefore are all named roads. Miami-Dade County
Miami-Dade County
is served by four Interstate Highways (I-75, I-95, I-195, I-395) and several U.S. Highways including U.S. Route 1, U.S. Route 27, U.S. Route 41, and U.S. Route 441. Some of the major Florida
Florida
State Roads (and their common names) serving Miami
Miami
are:

SR 112 (Airport Expressway): Interstate 95 to MIA Homestead Extension of Florida's Turnpike
Homestead Extension of Florida's Turnpike
(SR 821): Florida's Turnpike mainline (SR 91)/ Miami Gardens
Miami Gardens
to U.S. Route 1/ Florida
Florida
City SR 826 (Palmetto Expressway): Golden Glades Interchange
Golden Glades Interchange
to U.S. Route 1/Pinecrest SR 836 (Dolphin Expressway): Downtown to SW 137th Ave via MIA SR 874 (Don Shula Expressway): 826/ Bird Road
Bird Road
to Homestead Extension of Florida's Turnpike/Kendall SR 878 (Snapper Creek Expressway): SR 874/Kendall to U.S. Route 1/Pinecrest & South Miami SR 924 (Gratigny Parkway) Miami
Miami
Lakes to Opa-locka

Miami
Miami
Causeways

Name Termini Year built

Rickenbacker Causeway Brickell
Brickell
and Key Biscayne 1947

Venetian Causeway Downtown and South Beach 1912–1925

MacArthur Causeway Downtown and South Beach 1920

Julia Tuttle
Julia Tuttle
Causeway Wynwood/Edgewater and Miami
Miami
Beach 1959

79th Street Causeway Upper East Side and North Beach 1929

Broad Causeway North Miami
Miami
and Bal Harbour 1951

Miami
Miami
has six major causeways that span over Biscayne Bay
Biscayne Bay
connecting the western mainland, with the eastern barrier islands along the Atlantic Ocean. The Rickenbacker Causeway
Rickenbacker Causeway
is the southernmost causeway and connects Brickell
Brickell
to Virginia Key
Virginia Key
and Key Biscayne. The Venetian Causeway
Causeway
and MacArthur Causeway
MacArthur Causeway
connect Downtown with South Beach. The Julia Tuttle
Julia Tuttle
Causeway
Causeway
connects Midtown and Miami
Miami
Beach. The 79th Street Causeway
Causeway
connects the Upper East Side with North Beach. The northernmost causeway, the Broad Causeway, is the smallest of Miami's six causeways, and connects North Miami
Miami
with Bal Harbour. In 2007, Miami
Miami
was identified as having the rudest drivers in the United States, the second year in a row to have been cited, in a poll commissioned by automobile club AutoVantage.[149] Miami
Miami
is also consistently ranked as one of the most dangerous cities in the United States for pedestrians.[150] Bicycling In recent years the city government, under Mayor Manny Diaz, has taken an ambitious stance in support of bicycling in Miami
Miami
for both recreation and commuting. Every month, the city hosts "Bike Miami", where major streets in Downtown and Brickell
Brickell
are closed to automobiles, but left open for pedestrians and bicyclists. The event began in November 2008, and has doubled in popularity from 1,500 participants to about 3,000 in the October 2009 Bike Miami. This is the longest-running such event in the US. In October 2009, the city also approved an extensive 20-year plan for bike routes and paths around the city. The city has begun construction of bike routes as of late 2009, and ordinances requiring bike parking in all future construction in the city became mandatory as of October 2009.[151] In 2010, Miami
Miami
was ranked as the 44th-most bike-friendly city in the US according to Bicycling
Bicycling
Magazine.[152] Walkability A 2011 study by Walk Score
Walk Score
ranked Miami
Miami
the eighth-most walkable of the fifty largest cities in the United States,[153] but a 2013 survey by Travel + Leisure ranked Miami
Miami
34th for "public transportation and pedestrian friendliness."[154] Notable people Main article: List of people from Miami

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (June 2017)

International relations See also: List of sister cities in Florida

This article contains a list of miscellaneous information. Please relocate any relevant information into other sections or articles. (July 2017)

Twin and sister cities

Bogotá, Colombia
Colombia
(since 1971)[155] Buenos Aires, Argentina
Argentina
(since 1979)[155] Kagoshima, Japan
Japan
(since 1990)[155][156] Lima, Peru
Peru
(since 1977)[155] Madrid, Spain
Spain
(since 2014)[155][157] Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Haiti
(since 1991)[155] Qingdao, China
China
(since 2005)[155] Salvador da Bahia, Brazil
Brazil
(since 2006)[155] Santiago, Chile
Chile
(since 1986)[155] Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic
(since 1987)[155] Palermo, Italy
Italy
(since 2015)[158]

Cooperation agreements

Lisbon, Portugal[159][160] Yeruham, Israel[161]

See also

Book: Miami Book: Miami-Dade County, Florida

Miami
Miami
Fire-Rescue Department Miami
Miami
Police Department National Register of Historic Places listings in Miami Port
Port
Miami
Miami
Tunnel

Geography portal North America portal United States portal Florida
Florida
portal Miami
Miami
portal New Spain
Spain
portal

Notes

^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. ^ Official records for Miami
Miami
were kept at the Lemon City
Lemon City
from September 1895 to November 1900, the Miami
Miami
COOP from December 1900 to May 1911, the Weather Bureau Office from June 1911 to February 1937, at various locations in and around the city from March 1937 to July 1942, and at Miami
Miami
Int'l since August 1942. For more information, see ThreadEx.

References

^ a b "Miami: the Capital of Latin America". Time. December 2, 1993.  ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 7, 2017.  ^ "American Factfinder, Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on March 5, 2014. Retrieved October 21, 2011.  ^ " Miami
Miami
Urbanized Area (2008 estimate)". American Community Survey. Archived from the original on October 28, 2011.  ^ "Population Estimates". Archived from the original on June 29, 2015. Retrieved August 10, 2015.  ^ "2009 City Estimates". US Census Bureau. 2009. Archived from the original on March 9, 2016.  ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ "Population Estimates for Florida
Florida
Municipalities". Retrieved April 20, 2016.  ^ "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". 2012 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2013. Archived from the original (CSV) on April 1, 2013. Retrieved March 17, 2013.  ^ Demographia: World Urban Areas. ^ "The World According to GaWC 2008". Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network, Loughborough University. Retrieved March 3, 2009.  ^ "Inventory of World Cities". Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) Study Group and Network. Archived from the original on October 14, 2013. Retrieved December 1, 2007.  ^ "GaWC – The World According to GaWC 2012". Retrieved August 10, 2015.  ^ "The Global Cities Index 2010". Archived from the original on December 2, 2014. Retrieved September 5, 2015.  ^ Larson, Christina (August 25, 2010). "Global Cities Index Methodology: How we compiled the 2010 Index". Archived from the original on February 7, 2017. Retrieved August 2, 2017.  ^ a b Van Riper, Tom (March 17, 2008). "America's cleanest cities". Forbes. Archived from the original on May 29, 2010. Retrieved February 23, 2008.  ^ "City Mayors: World's richest cities by purchasing power". City Mayors. Retrieved September 19, 2009.  ^ a b U.S. Census, 2010 (Ethnicity) and Census American Community Survey 2008 (language). ^ Nest Seekers International. Nestseekers.com. Retrieved on September 5, 2015. ^ " Brickell
Brickell
Downtown Miami, Florida". Madduxco.com. Archived from the original on January 13, 2016. Retrieved October 8, 2012.  ^ " Port
Port
of Miami". Miamidade.gov. Archived from the original on September 18, 2012. Retrieved October 8, 2012.  ^ "Cruise lines departing from the Port
Port
of Miami". Gomiami.about.com. April 10, 2012. Archived from the original on June 28, 2015. Retrieved October 8, 2012.  ^ " Miami
Miami
Is The Second Most Popular Destination For International Visitors (And Growing Fast)". TheNextMiami.com. Retrieved November 5, 2016.  ^ Smith, Matt (February 4, 2014). "Questions of preservation after ancient village found in downtown Miami". CNN. Retrieved February 4, 2014.  ^ Henry, Brian (Summer 1995). " Miami
Miami
Centennial Trivia". South Florida History. 23 (3): 33.  ^ "The Day in St. Augustine — The Hack Line to Biscayne Bay". The Florida
Florida
Times-Union. January 10, 1893.  ^ "A Trip to Biscayne Bay". The Tropical Sun. March 9, 1893.  ^ Muir, Helen (1953), Miami, USA, Henry Holt and Company, p. 55  ^ Weiner, Jacqueline (April 1, 2010), "Statue of Miami's First Lady, Julia Tuttle, may be birthday present", Miami
Miami
Today  ^ Williams, Linda K. & George, Paul S. "South Florida: A Brief History". Historical Museum of South Florida. Archived from the original on April 29, 2010. Retrieved August 24, 2009.  ^ "Name Origins of Florida
Florida
– City Name Origins I-P". FLHeritage.com. Florida
Florida
Department of State. Retrieved December 17, 2013.  ^ a b c Connolly, Nathan (2014). A World More Concrete: Real Estate and the Remaking of Jim Crow South Florida. University of Chicago Press.  ^ a b "Miami-Dade County – Information Center". Miami-Dade County. Archived from the original on February 25, 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ " Miami
Miami
Environment". Advameg. Retrieved July 19, 2007.  ^ "Miami, Florida
Florida
metropolitan area as seen from STS-62". National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Archived from the original on December 1, 2007. Retrieved August 19, 2007.  ^ Dean Whitman (September 1997). "Notes on the geology and Water Resources of South Florida". Notes on Florida
Florida
Geology. Florida International University. Retrieved January 11, 2011.  ^ "USGS Ground Water Atlas of the United States". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved February 19, 2006.  ^ "Weather: Miami, Florida". Weatherbase. Retrieved March 30, 2015.  ^ "World Map of Köppen−Geiger Climate Classification" (PDF).  ^ a b "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2016-04-13.  ^ "Climate Data". National Weather Service.  ^ "Maine shivers at −29: Snow falls in Florida". Associated Press. The Baltimore Sun. January 20, 1977. p. A1. "Temperatures dipped into the 30's in southern Florida, with snow flurries reported even in Miami
Miami
Beach." ^ Lardner Jr., George; Meyers, Robert. " Miami
Miami
Is Hit by First Recorded Snow: State of Emergency Is Eyed for Virginia Thousands Idled as Cold Closes Factories, Businesses". The Washington Post. January 20, 1977. p. A1. The meandering jet stream in the upper atmosphere sent flurries of genuine snow onto Miami's palm trees. ... It was the farthest south that snow has been reported in the United States since the record books were started in the 19th century. ... The snow flurries in Miami will be only an asterisk in the record books since they didn't fall on any of the National Weather Service's recording stations in the area, but they were genuine." ^ Khiss, Peter. "New York High is 26 as the South Shivers: Florida Snow Causes Emergency Gas Shortage Widespread". The New York Times. January 20, 1977. p. 1. " Florida
Florida
officially recorded snow for the first time yesterday in Palm Beach County, 65 miles north of Miami, and even that city had flurries, although not at the official stations at its airport or nearby Coral Gables." ^ Kleinberg, Howard (December 30, 1989). "The Great Miami
Miami
Snow Job". The Dispatch. Retrieved September 23, 2010.  ^ "Vulnerable cities: Miami, Florida". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on April 27, 2006. Retrieved February 19, 2006.  ^ "Irma spared America, but still had a big effect on it". The Economist. Retrieved 2017-09-26.  ^ " USDA
USDA
Plant Hardiness Zone Map". United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on February 27, 2014. Retrieved February 24, 2014.  ^ "Station Name: FL MIAMI INTL AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2018-01-19.  ^ "WMO Climate Normals for Miami, FL 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 31, 2013.  ^ "Monthly Averages for Miami
Miami
International Airport". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2013-10-12.  ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009" (XLS). 2009 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 19, 2010. Retrieved September 5, 2015.  ^ "Table A.12. Population of urban agglomerations with 750,000 inhabitants or more in 2005, by country, 1950–2015" (PDF). World Urbanization Prospects: The 2005 Revision. United Nations
United Nations
Department of Economic and Social Affairs/Population Division. Retrieved January 1, 2008.  ^ a b "Race and Hispanic or Latino Origin: 2010 – 2010 Census Summary File
File
1". American FactFinder. US Census Bureau. Retrieved August 18, 2014.  ^ "Miami, Florida
Florida
FIRST ANCESTRY REPORTED Universe: Total population – 2006–2010 American Community Survey
American Community Survey
5-Year Estimates". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved October 29, 2015.  ^ a b c d e f g h "Miami, Florida
Florida
Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 – 2010 Demographic Profile Data". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved October 25, 2015.  ^ a b c d "Miami, Florida: SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006–2010 American Community Survey
American Community Survey
5-Year Estimates". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved October 25, 2015.  ^ a b "Miami, Florida: Age Groups and Sex: 2010 – 2010 Census Summary File
File
1". factfinder.census.gov. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved October 25, 2015.  ^ "Demographic Profile, Miami-Dade County, Florida
Miami-Dade County, Florida
1960–2000 " (PDF). Miamidade.gov. ^ " Florida
Florida
– Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 6, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2012.  ^ " Miami
Miami
city, Florida
Florida
– Census 2010:". USA Today. Retrieved January 12, 2012.  ^ Shaping Florida: The Effects of Immigration, 1970–2020Center for Immigration Studies. Cis.org. Retrieved on October 8, 2012. ^ " Florida
Florida
– Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Large Cities and Other Places" (PDF). Retrieved April 20, 2016.  ^ "Miami, Florida: SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006–2010 American Community Survey
American Community Survey
5-Year Estimates". factfinder.census.gov. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved October 26, 2015.  ^ a b "Data Center Results – Miami, Florida". Modern Language Association. Retrieved August 25, 2007.  ^ "In Miami, Spanish becoming primary language." Associated Press
Associated Press
at MSNBC. May 29, 2008. Retrieved March 27, 2010. ^ Major U.S. metropolitan areas differ in their religious profiles, Pew Research Center ^ "America's Changing Religious Landscape". Pew Research Center: Religion & Public Life. May 12, 2015.  ^ Crown Princess Opens Seamen's Church in Miami. Norwaypost.no (November 21, 2011). Retrieved on August 3, 2013. ^ "The World According to GaWC 2012". Lboro.ac.uk (September 14, 2011). Retrieved on October 8, 2012. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 31, 2013. Retrieved November 20, 2009.  ^ "Gross Metropolitan Product". Greyhill Advisors. Retrieved September 29, 2011.  ^ "Walmart Latinoamérica Opens New Regional Office in South Florida, Introduces New Regional President and CEO Eduardo Solórzano". Walmartstores.com. February 23, 2010. Archived from the original on March 4, 2010. Retrieved September 5, 2015.  ^ Telemundo
Telemundo
plans to tape 1,100 hours of telenovelas in Miami. Miamitodaynews.com (June 23, 2011). Retrieved on October 8, 2012. ^ Miami: High rise buildings–All. Emporis. Retrieved August 25, 2007. ^ Gramsbergen, Egbert & Paul Kazmierczak. "The World's Best Skylines". Archived from the original on February 4, 2008. Retrieved May 10, 2008.  ^ "Miami:High rise buildings–Completed". Emporis. Retrieved August 19, 2007.  ^ Bell, Maya (August 27, 2007). "Boom of condo crash loudest in Miami". Orlando
Orlando
Sentinel. Archived from the original on September 1, 2007. Retrieved August 30, 2007.  ^ Badenhausen, Kurt. "America's Most Miserable Cities (2012)". Forbes. Retrieved March 31, 2013.  ^ "Moving to Miami, FL: Relocating Tips & Advice". Jumpshell.  ^ Kaufmanmkaufman, Michelle (2016-06-28). " Miami
Miami
was rated Worst American City to Live In by website 24/7 Wall St". Miami
Miami
Herald. Retrieved 2017-09-23.  ^ "New figures show PortMiami
PortMiami
retained No. 1 cruise port ranking". Business Journal. Retrieved March 31, 2013.  ^ Murray, Valaer. "List: America's Most-Visited Cities". Forbes.  ^ "Record number of local visitors, record spending achieved in 2007". Miamitodaynews.com. March 27, 2008. Retrieved June 27, 2009.  ^ Cohen, Adam (June 24, 2001), "Gloom over Miami", Time, retrieved September 2, 2007  ^ " Miami
Miami
Fashion Week". Miami
Miami
Fashion Week. Archived from the original on May 11, 2008. Retrieved April 20, 2008.  ^ "Institute of Contemporary Art, Miami
Miami
(ICA Miami) - Opening Dec 1, 2017". Institute of Contemporary Art Miami.  ^ "Latin Music USA PBS". www.pbs.org. Retrieved June 17, 2016.  ^ "Facts About The History of Miami
History of Miami
City – Visit Miami, FL". Miami All Around. Retrieved June 17, 2016.  ^ "Founder of the ' Miami
Miami
Sound,' TK Records' Henry Stone dies at 93". miamiherald. Retrieved June 17, 2016.  ^ LTD., BubbleUp,. "About KC". KC and the Sunshine Band :: Official Website. Retrieved June 17, 2016.  ^ Bogdanov, Vladimir (2003). All Music Guide to Soul: The Definitive Guide to R&B and Soul. Google Books: Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 254. ISBN 0879307447.  ^ Castillo, Arielle. "Seven Essential Tracks From Miami's Disco Heyday". wlrn.org. Retrieved June 17, 2016.  ^ DjPaulT (January 25, 2013). " Teri DeSario – The Stuff Dreams Are Made Of / Ain't Nothing Gonna Keep Me From You (US 12" Promo)". Burning The Ground: DjPaulT's 80's and 90's Remixes. Retrieved June 17, 2016.  ^ Olson, James (1999). Historical Dictionary of the 1970s. Google Books: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 48. ISBN 0313305439.  ^ "Rewinding the Charts: In 1985, Miami Sound Machine Did the 'Conga' in Its Debut". Billboard. Retrieved June 17, 2016.  ^ "Roots of Miami's vibrant arts scene were planted in the 1980s". miamiherald. Retrieved June 17, 2016.  ^ "The Best Cities in America for Dance Music Right Now". Complex. Retrieved June 17, 2016.  ^ "History of Freestyle Music". music.hyperreal.org. Retrieved June 17, 2016.  ^ "Red Bull Music Academy". daily.redbullmusicacademy.com. Retrieved June 17, 2016.  ^ Gonzalez, Victor (May 7, 2012). "Stevie B: The King of Freestyle is Still Hungry and Still Humble". Miami
Miami
New Times. Retrieved June 17, 2016.  ^ Bronson, Fred (2003). The Billboard Book
Book
of #1 Hits. Google Books: Billboard Publications. p. 691.  ^ "Interview: Cat Power". Pitchfork Media. November 13, 2006. Archived from the original on August 19, 2007. Retrieved August 25, 2007.  ^ Kissell, Ted B. "Manson: The Florida
Florida
Years". Cleveland
Cleveland
Scene. Retrieved June 17, 2016.  ^ Iwasaki, Scott (August 6, 2010). "Metal band Nonpoint
Nonpoint
still going strong with 6th CD release". DeseretNews.com. Retrieved June 17, 2016.  ^ Cristina, Ana. "Latin Pop Star Ana Cristina
Ana Cristina
to Kick-Off Her 23rd Birthday Events at Mynt Lounge and Vita Restaurant 'Sex and the City Style'". www.prnewswire.com. Retrieved June 17, 2016.  ^ a b Bein, Kat (October 23, 2015). "The Ten Greatest Miami Bass Songs of All Time". Miami
Miami
New Times. Retrieved June 17, 2016.  ^ "Bio". 95 South Music. Retrieved June 17, 2016.  ^ Shepherd, John (2012). Continuum Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume 8: Genres: North America. Google Books: A&C Black. p. 325. ISBN 1441160787.  ^ Gonzalez, Victor (October 29, 2012). "69 Boyz, Booty, and Miami
Miami
Bass Super Fest at BankUnited Center". Miami
Miami
New Times. Retrieved June 17, 2016.  ^ Duthel, C. Pitbull – Mr. Worldwide. Google Books: Lulu.com. p. 245. ISBN 1471090353.  ^ "The glamour and the glitz: Inside the evolution of Miami's club scene". inthemix. March 12, 2014. Retrieved June 17, 2016.  ^ "River ReMix".  ^ Cuban Sandwich, History of Cuban Sandwich, History of Cubano Sandwich. Whatscookingamerica.net. Retrieved on October 8, 2012. ^ Local Cuisine in Miami
Miami
at Frommer's. Frommers.com. Retrieved on October 8, 2012. ^ " Miami
Miami
Cuisine: Seafood Restaurants Guide – Miami
Miami
Dining Guide". Miami
Miami
New Times. Archived from the original on July 20, 2012. Retrieved October 8, 2012.  ^ " Miami
Miami
Accents: Why Locals Embrace That Heavy "L" Or Not". WLRN ( WLRN-TV
WLRN-TV
and WLRN-FM). Retrieved September 1, 2013.  ^ "' Miami
Miami
Accent' Takes Speakers By Surprise". Articles – Sun-Sentinel.com. June 13, 2004. Retrieved October 8, 2012.  ^ " Miami
Miami
Accents: How 'Miamah' Turned Into A Different Sort Of Twang". WLRN ( WLRN-TV
WLRN-TV
& WLRN-FM). Retrieved September 1, 2013.  ^ Patience Haggin. " Miami
Miami
Accents: Why Locals Embrace That Heavy "L" Or Not". Retrieved August 10, 2015.  ^ Gabriella Watts. " Miami
Miami
Accents: How 'Miamah' Turned Into A Different Sort Of Twang". Retrieved August 10, 2015.  ^ Haggin, Patience (September 16, 2013). "English in the 305 has its own distinct Miami
Miami
sound". Miami
Miami
Herald. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013.  ^ " Scarface 2". Blueprint: Review. Retrieved June 8, 2013.  ^ " Miami
Miami
parks". Miamigov.com. Archived from the original on August 20, 2008. Retrieved June 27, 2009.  ^ " Miami-Dade County
Miami-Dade County
Public Schools" (PDF). The Broad Foundation. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 13, 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ "Gold Medal Schools". US News and World Report. November 12, 2007. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ "Jobs, education and Miami-Dades future". The Miami
Miami
Herald. Archived from the original on September 8, 2012. Retrieved April 3, 2012.  ^ U.S. Census Bureau American FactFinder. Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on October 8, 2012. ^ Amazon Media Room: Press Releases. Phx.corporate-ir.net. Retrieved on October 8, 2012. ^ Olson, Elizabeth. "Helping Veterans Find Civilian Jobs". The New York Times.  ^ "Training Workers for Good Jobs" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-08-20.  ^ "Building a Career Path Where There Was Just a Dead End" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-07-20.  ^ "Local Television Market Universe Estimates" (PDF). nielsen.  ^ "It's Moving Day for Miami Herald
Miami Herald
Staff, Reporters". CBSMiami. May 16, 2013. Retrieved July 28, 2013.  ^ " Univision
Univision
Announces Launch of Univision
Univision
Studios". Business Wire. December 7, 2009. Retrieved October 30, 2010.  ^ "Top 50 Radio Markets Ranked By Metro 12+ Population, Spring 2005". Northwestern University Media Management Center. Archived from the original on April 19, 2008. Retrieved April 20, 2008.  ^ "Top 50 TV markets ranked by households". Northwestern University Media Management Center. Archived from the original on April 19, 2008. Retrieved April 20, 2008.  ^ " Southwest Airlines
Southwest Airlines
Cities." Southwest Airlines. Retrieved October 30, 2008. ^ " Port
Port
of Miami". Miami-Dade County. Retrieved October 28, 2008.  ^ a b " Port
Port
Statistics". Miami-Dade County. Retrieved October 28, 2008.  ^ Cordle, Ina Paiva (May 28, 2014). "The new PortMiami
PortMiami
tunnel's opening is delayed until mid-June". The Miami
Miami
Herald. Retrieved June 6, 2014.  ^ "American Community Survey". Census.gov. Retrieved June 27, 2009.  ^ "Miami, FL Public Transportation Statistics". Global Public Transit Index by Moovit. Retrieved June 19, 2017.  Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. ^ " Miami
Miami
Intermodal Center". Micdot.com. Retrieved October 30, 2010.  ^ " Miami
Miami
airport transit hub on the way to bringing planes, trains, automobiles under one roof". Miami
Miami
Herald. Retrieved August 28, 2014.  ^ Turnbell, Michael (October 15, 2014). " Tri-Rail
Tri-Rail
station at Miami airport delayed until January". Sun Sentinel. Retrieved October 30, 2014.  ^ Turnbell, Michael (October 29, 2014). "Demolition begins for All Aboard Florida's new station". Sun Sentinel. Retrieved October 30, 2014.  ^ Reaney, Patricia (May 15, 2007). " Miami
Miami
drivers named the rudest". Reuters. Retrieved September 2, 2007.  ^ "Dangerous Pedestrian Cities". CBS
CBS
News. Associated Press. December 2, 2004. Retrieved September 2, 2007.  ^ http://www.miamiherald.com/1460/story/1263994.html. Retrieved October 7, 2009.  Missing or empty title= (help)[dead link] ^ South Florida
Florida
Business Journal (April 6, 2010). " Miami
Miami
becoming more bike friendly South Florida
Florida
Business Journal". Southflorida.bizjournals.com. Retrieved October 30, 2010.  ^ "2011 City and Neighborhood Rankings". Walk Score. 2011. Retrieved August 28, 2011.  ^ "Public Transportation and Pedestrian Friendliness". Travel + Leisure. 2013. Archived from the original on June 28, 2013. Retrieved January 7, 2013.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Mayor's International Council Sister Cities Program". City of Miami. Archived from the original on May 26, 2007. Retrieved July 13, 2007.  ^ 姉妹・友好・兄弟都市 [Twin cities] (in Japanese). Kagoshima
Kagoshima
International Affairs Division. Archived from the original on June 2, 2013. Retrieved August 8, 2013.  ^ " Madrid
Madrid
and Miami
Miami
sign up as twin towns". latino foxnews. June 23, 2014. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved July 13, 2014.  ^ "Sister Cities: Miami
Miami
Florida, Palermo
Palermo
Italy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 28 February 2015.  ^ "Lisboa – Geminações de Cidades e Vilas" [ Lisbon
Lisbon
– Twinning of Cities and Towns] (in Portuguese). Associação Nacional de Municípios Portugueses [National Association of Portuguese Municipalities]. Retrieved August 23, 2013.  ^ "Acordos de Geminação, de Cooperação e/ou Amizade da Cidade de Lisboa" [ Lisbon
Lisbon
– Twinning Agreements, Cooperation and Friendship] (in Portuguese). Camara Municipal de Lisboa. Archived from the original on October 31, 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2013.  ^ "Miami-Yerucham Partnership". Greater Miami
Miami
Jewish Federation. Retrieved January 7, 2018. 

Further reading

Elizabeth M. Aranda, Sallie Hughes, and Elena Sabogal, Making a Life in Multiethnic Miami: Immigration and the Rise of a Global City. Boulder, Colorado: Renner, 2014.

External links

Find more aboutMiamiat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity

City of Miami – Official Site City of Miami
Miami
Government Greater Miami
Miami
Convention and Visitors Bureau U.S. Census Bureau – Census 2000 Demographic Profile Highlights for City of Miami Miami-Dade Municipalities U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Miami

Articles relating to Miami
Miami
and Miami-Dade County

v t e

City of Miami

Accent Arts Climate Companies Downtown Education Fire Government

Mayors

Historic Landmarks History

Timeline

Library Media Music Neighborhoods People Police Skyscrapers Sports Television Transportation

Miami
Miami
metropolitan area Florida

v t e

Neighborhoods in Miami

Allapattah Bay Point Bayside Belle Meade Biscayne Island Brickell Brickell
Brickell
Key Bryan Park Buena Vista Coconut Grove Coral Gate Coral Way Design District Dodge Island Downtown Edgewater Flagami Golden Pines Grapeland Heights Health District (Civic Center) Ironside Jewelery District Liberty City Little Haiti Little Havana Little River Lummus Park Midtown MiMo District Morningside Omni Overtown Park West Riverside San Marco Island Shenandoah Shorecrest Silver Bluff Spring Garden The Roads Upper Eastside Venetian Islands Virginia Key Watson Island West Flagler Wynwood

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States

County seat: Miami

Cities

Aventura Coral Gables Doral Florida
Florida
City Hialeah Hialeah
Hialeah
Gardens Homestead Miami Miami
Miami
Beach Miami
Miami
Gardens Miami
Miami
Springs North Bay Village North Miami North Miami
Miami
Beach Opa-locka South Miami Sunny Isles Beach Sweetwater West Miami

Towns

Bay Harbor Islands Cutler Bay Golden Beach Medley Miami
Miami
Lakes Surfside

Villages

Bal Harbour Biscayne Park El Portal Indian Creek Key Biscayne Miami
Miami
Shores Palmetto Bay Pinecrest Virginia Gardens

CDPs

Brownsville Coral Terrace Country Club Country Walk Fisher Island Fontainebleau Gladeview Glenvar Heights Golden Glades Goulds Homestead Base Ives Estates Kendale Lakes Kendall Kendall West Leisure City Naranja Ojus Olympia Heights Palm Springs North Palmetto Estates Pinewood Princeton Richmond Heights Richmond West South Miami
South Miami
Heights Sunset Tamiami The Crossings The Hammocks Three Lakes University Park West Little River West Perrine Westchester Westview Westwood Lakes

Unincorporated communities

Coopertown Little Gables Ludlam Redland High Pines Palm Springs Estates Ponce-Davis

v t e

Miami
Miami
metropolitan area

Population - 6,012,331

Counties

Miami-Dade Broward Palm Beach

Major city 441k

Miami

Cities and towns 100k–250k

Coral Springs Fort Lauderdale Hialeah Hollywood Miami
Miami
Gardens Miramar Pembroke Pines Pompano Beach West Palm Beach

Cities and towns 25k–99k

Aventura Boca Raton Boynton Beach Coconut Creek Cooper City Coral Gables Cutler Bay Dania Beach Davie Deerfield Beach Delray Beach Doral Greenacres Hallandale Beach Homestead Jupiter Lake Worth Lauderdale Lakes Lauderhill Margate Miami
Miami
Beach North Lauderdale North Miami North Miami
Miami
Beach Oakland Park Palm Beach Gardens Plantation Riviera Beach Sunrise Tamarac West Park Weston Wilton Manors

Cities and towns 10k–25k

Belle Glade Hialeah
Hialeah
Gardens Lighthouse Point Miami
Miami
Lakes Miami
Miami
Springs Opa-locka Palm Beach Parkland South Miami Sunny Isles Beach Sweetwater Palm Springs

A list of cities under 10,000 is available here.

v t e

Greater Miami
Miami
Area

Miami Fort Lauderdale West Palm Beach Miami
Miami
metropolitan area

Central business district

Downtown Miami

Brickell Central Business District Historic District Government Center Park West Omni

Downtown Fort Lauderdale

Major urban areas

Aventura Coconut Grove Coral Gables Dadeland Health District Hialeah Hollywood Midtown

Edgewater Wynwood

Pembroke Pines South Beach

Colleges and universities

Barry University Broward College Carlos Albizu University Florida
Florida
Atlantic University Florida
Florida
International University Florida
Florida
Memorial University Johnson & Wales University Miami
Miami
Dade College Miami
Miami
International University of Art & Design Nova Southeastern University St. Thomas University University of Miami

Parks and recreation

Alice Wainwright Park Amelia Earhart Park Arch Creek The Barnacle Historic State Park Bayfront Park Big Cypress National Preserve Bill Baggs Cape Florida
Florida
State Park Biscayne National Park Brian Piccolo Sports Park & Velodrome Chapman Field Park Crandon Park Dinner Key Everglades
Everglades
National Park Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden Fort Dallas Fruit and Spice Park Greynolds Park Haulover Park Jungle Island The Kampong Margaret Pace Park Matheson Hammock Park Miami
Miami
Seaquarium Monkey Jungle Museum Park Oleta River State Park Peacock Park Shark Valley Simpson Park Hammock South Pointe Park Tamiami Park Tropical Park Virginia Key Zoo Miami

Attractions

Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts American Airlines
American Airlines
Arena Bass Museum Bergeron Rodeo Grounds BB&T Center Biltmore Hotel Bonita Chita Key Butterfly World Coral Castle Downtown Miami FIU Arena FIU Stadium Florida
Florida
Grand Opera Fontainebleau Miami
Miami
Beach Fort Lauderdale
Fort Lauderdale
Swap Shop Frost Art Museum Frost School of Music Gulfstream Park Hard Rock Stadium HistoryMiami Holocaust Memorial Homestead Jewish Museum of Florida Las Olas Boulevard Lowe Art Museum Lincoln Road Lummus Park MacFarlane Homestead Marlins Park Miami Beach
Miami Beach
Architectural District Miami Beach
Miami Beach
Convention Center Miami
Miami
Children's Museum Miami
Miami
City Ballet Miami
Miami
Conservatory Museum of Contemporary Art New World Symphony Orchestra Normandy Isles North Shore Ocean Drive Phillip and Patricia Frost Museum of Science Pérez Art Museum Miami Riverwalk Seminole
Seminole
Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Hollywood South Beach The Miami
Miami
Line Vizcaya Museum and Gardens Watsco Center Wolfsonian-FIU Wynwood
Wynwood
Art District

Major shopping centers

Aventura Mall Bal Harbour Shops Bayside Marketplace Brickell
Brickell
City Centre CocoWalk Collins Avenue Coral Square Dadeland
Dadeland
Mall Dolphin Mall The Falls Flagler Street The Galleria at Fort Lauderdale Lincoln Road The Mall at 163rd Street Mall of the Americas Mary Brickell
Brickell
Village Miami
Miami
International Mall Midtown Miami Miracle Marketplace Pembroke Lakes Mall The Shops at Sunset Place Sawgrass Mills Southland Mall Shops at Merrick Park Westfield Broward Westland Mall

Transportation

Amtrak Brightline Broward County
Broward County
Transit Government Center Fort Lauderdale
Fort Lauderdale
Executive Airport Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport Miami
Miami
Airport Station Miami-Dade Transit

Metrorail Metrobus Metromover MIA Mover

Miami
Miami
International Airport North Perry Airport Palm Tran Pompano Beach Airpark Port
Port
Everglades Port
Port
of Miami Tri-Rail

Major thoroughfares

East 6th Avenue North 36th Street North 54th Street North 79th Street North 103rd Street North 125th Street North 135th Street West 7th Avenue West 12th Avenue West 27th Avenue West 107th Avenue Allapattah
Allapattah
Road Alton Road Bird Road Biscayne Boulevard Brickell
Brickell
Avenue Broad Causeway Collins Avenue Coral Reef Drive Coral Way County Line Road Douglas Road Flagler Street Galloway Road Gratigny Ives Dairy Road Julia Tuttle
Julia Tuttle
Causeway Kendall Drive John F. Kennedy Causeway Killian Krome Avenue William Lehman Causeway Le Jeune Road Ludlam Road MacArthur Causeway Miami
Miami
Avenue Miami Gardens
Miami Gardens
Drive Milam Dairy Road Miracle Mile Okeechobee Road Old Cutler Road Port
Port
Boulevard Quail Roost Drive Red Road Rickenbacker Causeway South Dixie Highway Sunset Drive Tamiami Trail Venetian Causeway West Dixie Highway

Portal WikiProject

v t e

 State of Florida

Tallahassee (capital)

Topics

Climate Congressional districts Delegations Environment Geology Government Law Media

Newspapers Radio TV

Symbols

Flag Seal

Tourist attractions Transportation

Seal of Florida

History

Timeline Spanish Florida British Rule

East Florida West Florida

Florida
Florida
Territory Seminole
Seminole
Wars Slavery Civil War

Geography

Everglades Lake Okeechobee State forests State parks

Society

Floridians Culture Crime Demographics Economy Education Indigenous peoples Politics Sports

Regions

Big Bend Central Florida Emerald Coast First Coast Florida
Florida
Heartland Florida
Florida
Keys Florida
Florida
Panhandle Forgotten Coast Glades Gold Coast Halifax area Nature Coast North Central Florida North Florida South Florida Southwest Florida Space Coast Suncoast Tampa
Tampa
Bay Area Treasure Coast

Metro areas

Cape Coral–Fort Myers Deltona–Daytona Beach–Ormond Beach Fort Walton Beach–Crestview–Destin Gainesville Jacksonville Lakeland–Winter Haven Miami–Fort Lauderdale–Pompano Beach Naples–Marco Island North Port–Bradenton–Sarasota Ocala Orlando–Kissimmee–Sanford Palm Bay–Melbourne–Titusville West Palm Beach-Boca Raton Panama City–Lynn Haven–Panama City Beach Pensacola–Ferry Pass–Brent Port
Port
St. Lucie Punta Gorda Sebastian–Vero Beach Tallahassee Tampa-St. Petersburg–Clearwater

Largest cities

Jacksonville Miami Tampa Orlando St. Petersburg Hialeah Tallahassee Port
Port
St. Lucie Fort Lauderdale West Palm Beach Cape Coral Pembroke Pines Hollywood

Counties

Alachua Baker Bay Bradford Brevard Broward Calhoun Charlotte Citrus Clay Collier Columbia DeSoto Dixie Duval Escambia Flagler Franklin Gadsden Gilchrist Glades Gulf Hamilton Hardee Hendry Hernando Highlands Hillsborough Holmes Indian River Jackson Jefferson Lafayette Lake Lee Leon Levy Liberty Madison Manatee Marion Martin Miami‑Dade Monroe Nassau Okaloosa Okeechobee Orange Osceola Palm Beach Pasco Pinellas Polk Putnam Santa Rosa Sarasota Seminole St. Johns St. Lucie Sumter Suwannee Taylor Union Volusia Wakulla Walton Washington

v t e

Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in Florida

Lenny Curry
Lenny Curry
(R) (Jacksonville) Tomás Regalado (R) (Miami) Bob Buckhorn
Bob Buckhorn
(D) (Tampa) Buddy Dyer
Buddy Dyer
(D) (Orlando) Rick Kriseman (D) (St. Petersburg) Carlos Hernández (R) (Hialeah) Andrew Gillum (D) (Tallahassee) Jack Seiler
Jack Seiler
(D) (Fort Lauderdale) Gregory J. Oravec (D) ( Port
Port
St. Lucie) Marni Sawicki (D) (Cape Coral) Frank C. Ortis (D) (Pembroke Pines) Peter Bober (D) (Hollywood) Wayne M. Messam (D) (Miramar) Lauren Poe (D) (Gainesville) Vincent Boccard (R) (Coral Springs) Oliver Gilbert III (D) ( Miami
Miami
Gardens) George Cretekos (R) (Clearwater) Guillermo "William" Capote (D) (Palm Bay) Lamar Fisher (D) (Pompano Beach) Jeri Muoio (D) (West Palm Beach) Howard Wiggs (R) (Lakeland)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 153063179 GND: 4039108-5 BNF:

.