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There are 10 metropolitan areas in Romania that have been constituted as of 2013.

Legislative status

The current legislation in Romania regulates the status of the 265 cities according to their population and regional importance:

  • Rank 0 – Bucharest, the capital of Romania - municipality of European importance
  • Rank I – municipality of national importance, with regional role and potential influence at European level
  • Rank II – municipality of national, regional or county-level importance, or with equilibrium role in the network of cities
  • Rank III – cities

Legislation also restricts the possibility to engage into a metropolitan area project to only those cities that are of rank 0 or I.[1] Here is a list of the municipalities that as of 2007 can for metropolitan areas around them with approximate populations.[2] Only three zones have been officially constituted by the end of 2007: Oradea, Iasi and Constanta.[3] At least 9 others are at the level of project.

Constituted metropolitan zones

Map of the metropolitan areas of Romania (including the proposed ones)
  Main city
  Adjacent localities
Name Population (2011) Area Density
Constanța Metropolitan Area 425,916 1,013.5 km² 420/km²
Cluj-Napoca Metropolitan Area 411,379 1,537.54 km² 268/km²
Iași Metropolitan Area 382,484 808 km² 473/km²
Brașov Metropolitan Area 369,896 1,368.58 km² 270/km²
Craiova Metropolitan Area 356,544 1498.62 km² 238/km²
Oradea Metropolitan Area 235,462 773 km² 305/km²
Satu Mare Metropolitan Area 233,306 2,251.09 km² 104/km²
Baia Mare Metropolitan Area 215,932 1,395.38 km² 154/km²
Târgu Mureș metropolitan area 209,532 656.29 km² 315/km²
Piatra Neamț Metropolitan Area[15] 133,249 - -

Planned metropolitan zones

Name Population (2011) Area Density
Bucharest Metropolitan Area 2,272,163 1,811 km² 1,254/km²
Galați-Brăila Metropolitan Area 496,844 1,702.17 km² 292/km²
Timișoara Metropolitan Area* 466,734 2,439.19 km² 192/km²
Ploiești Metropolitan Area 276,279 478 km² 577/km²
Bacău Metropolitan Area 216,649 848.32 km² 255/km²
Pitești Metropolitan Area[15] 215,700 - -
Arad Metropolitan Area[15]* 206,536 - -
Botoșani Metropolitan Area[15]** 145,961 - -
Suceava Metropolitan Area[15]** 143,713 - -
Râmnicu Vâlcea Metropolitan Area[15] 136,787 - -
Deva-Hunedoara (Corvina) Conurbation n/a - -

*Timișoara and Arad intend to form the Arad–Timișoara Conurbation.[26] **Suceava and Botoșani might form a conurbation

Functional Urban Areas

In the EU, as defined by Eurostat, a functional urban area (FUA) - formerly known as larger urban zone (LUZ) - consists of a city and its commuting zone.

Largest Functional Urban Areas of Romania[15]
Rank Name County Development region FUA Population (2015)
1 Bucharest - Bucharest-Ilfov 2,412,530
2 Iași Iași Nord-Est 474,035
3 Constanța Constanța Sud-Est 420,241
4 Brașov Brașov Centru 398,953
5 Cluj-Napoca Cluj Nord-Vest 379,733
6 Timișoara Timiș Vest 359,433
7 Craiova Dolj Sud-Vest 325,499
8 Galați Galați Sud-Est 322,501
9 Ploiești Prahova Sud 294,468
10 Oradea Bihor Nord-Vest 239,390

Image gallery

References

  1. ^ (in Romanian)[1][dead link]
  2. ^ (in Romanian) "Map of Romanian cities that can have metropolitan areas - in maroon"
  3. ^ Zona Metropolitană, viitorul dezvoltării urbane: Informaţia de Mureş
  4. ^ Zona Metropolitana Iasi
  5. ^ a b c d INS INS 1.01.2009(in Romanian) Archived July 26, 2009, at WebCite
  6. ^ Zona Metropolitana Oradea
  7. ^ Târgu Mureș metropolitan area official site
  8. ^ Zona Metropolitana Constanta
  9. ^ "Constanța Metropolitan Area, officially in December", Telegraf Online Constanța
  10. ^ Microsoft Word - Strategie_zona_metropolitana.doc Archived April 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ Zona Metropolitana Urbana si Strategii de Dezvoltare a Zonei Metropolitane Cluj-Napoca
  12. ^ "Zona Metropolitana Urbana" (in Romanian). CJ Cluj. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  13. ^ Eroare > EVZ.ro[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ [2]
  15. ^ a b c d e f g "Population at 1 January 2015". Eurostat. Retrieved 3 November 2017. 
  16. ^ Proiect - Zona metropolitana Bucuresti
  17. ^ (in Romanian) Zona Metropolitana Bucuresti ar urma sa se intinda pana la Dunare
  18. ^ NewsReport - Zona Metropolitana Bucuresti, un proiect fara strategii si planuri concrete, uitat la sertar Archived 2008-01-02 at the Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ Zona Metropolitană Timişoara Primaria Timisoara Secţiuni Proiecte importante ale municipalitatii
  20. ^ Util: Primaria Municipiului Timisoara lanseaza o dezbatere privind Zona Metropolitana
  21. ^ Zona metropolitana Galati-Braila va avea un statut de functionare peste trei saptamani - Stiri din Real-Estate pe Wall-Street
  22. ^ ADL BACAU - Totul despre Zona metropolitana Bacau Archived 2008-04-12 at the Wayback Machine.
  23. ^ Conducere pentru ZONA METROPOLITANĂ BACĂU « Ziarul Observator de Bacau
  24. ^ Administratia locala - Zona metropolitana Ploiesti prinde contur Archived 2008-01-19 at the Wayback Machine.
  25. ^ Victor Cozmei (20 September 2013). "Suceava și Botoșaniul vor să se unească într-un pol de dezvoltare care să rivalizeze cu Iașiul: tren de mare viteză, stadion în comun, drum expres și dezvoltarea aeroportului". HotNews.ro. 
  26. ^ "Studiu de potențial privind dezvoltarea la nivelul municipiilor Timișoara și Arad" (PDF). ADR Vest (in Romanian). 

See also