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The Metropolitan Police District
Metropolitan Police District
(MPD) is the police area which is policed by the Metropolitan Police Service
Metropolitan Police Service
in London. It currently consists of the Greater London
Greater London
region, excluding the City of London. The Metropolitan Police District
Metropolitan Police District
was created by the Metropolitan Police Act 1829 as an ad hoc area of administration because the built-up area of London
London
spread at the time into many parishes and counties without an established boundary. The district expanded as the built up area grew and stretched some distance into rural land. When county police were set up in England the forces of Essex, Hertfordshire, Kent
Kent
and Surrey
Surrey
did not include those parts of the counties within the MPD and Middlesex
Middlesex
did not have a county force. Similarly, boroughs in the MPD that elsewhere would have been entitled to their own police force did not have them. The MPD was originally defined in reference to civil parishes and in 1946 was altered to correspond to local government districts. The MPD has been used for other purposes during its existence, such as the boundary for coal tax and as a 'Greater London' statistical unit. When the ceremonial county of Greater London
Greater London
was officially created in 1965, the MPD was expanded and some areas that did not become part of Greater London
Greater London
continued to be within it. In 2000 the outer boundary of the MPD was retracted to coincide with the County of Greater London and the neighbouring county forces then became responsible for those areas outside Greater London. The MPD now consists of the 32 boroughs of the County of Greater London
Greater London
(including the City of Westminster), while the Greater London
Greater London
region's 33rd district – the City of London – is served by the City of London
City of London
Police.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Creation 1.2 1840 revision 1.3 1946 revision 1.4 1965 revision 1.5 1990s revision 1.6 2000 revision 1.7 Use for other purposes

2 Exceptions 3 References

History[edit] Creation[edit] The Metropolitan Police District
Metropolitan Police District
was defined in the schedule of the Metropolitan Police Act 1829
Metropolitan Police Act 1829
as an approximately circular area within a seven-mile (11-kilometre) radius of Charing Cross, which was divided into four districts and 17 police divisions. It consisted of parts of:

Middlesex The Liberty of Westminster, The Holborn division, the inner parishes of the Finsbury division, the Tower division, the Kensington division, the township of New Brentford, the Inns of Court
Inns of Court
and the liberty of Ely Place

Kent The parishes of St Paul and St Nicholas, Deptford, and the parish of Greenwich

Surrey The parishes of Bermondsey, Camberwell, Clapham, Lambeth, Newington, Putney, Rotherhithe, Streatham, Tooting, Wandsworth, and Christchurch, Southwark, The Liberty of the Clink, The hamlet of Hatcham, and the Borough of Southwark

1840 revision[edit] There have been numerous changes to the boundaries of the MPD, and of the divisions therein. The Metropolitan Police Act 1839 recognised that the "boundary is... very irregular" and made it lawful to add any place in the Central Criminal Court District and also "any part of any parish, township, precinct or place" not more than 15 miles (24 km) from Charing Cross. The enlarged district encompassed the metropolitan area and some parts of Essex, Kent, Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
and Surrey. The 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica
1911 Encyclopædia Britannica
notes that it included "those civil parishes [...] of which any part is within twelve miles (19 km) of, or of which no part is more than fifteen miles (24 km) from, Charing Cross".

Metropolitan Police District
Metropolitan Police District
1840 - 1946

The map shows the MPD boundary in red. At the centre is the area of the Metropolitan Board of Works
Metropolitan Board of Works
1855–1889, which became the County of London
London
in 1889. The other dashed lines show the boundaries of Essex (containing Loughton), Kent, Surrey, Middlesex, and Hertfordshire (going clockwise).

The enlargement under the 1839 Act was carried out by Order in Council issued on 3 January 1840, which listed the following "parishes, townships, precincts, and places" ... "should be added to, and form part of, the metropolitan police district":[1]

County of Middlesex Ashford, Bedfont (East), Cowley, Cranford, Drayton (West), Edgware (sic) including Whitchurch, Edmonton, Enfield, Feltham, Finchley, Fryern Barnet, Greenford, Hadley (Monken), Hampton (Town and Court), Hamptonwick liberty (sic), Hanwell, Hanworth, Harefield, Harlington, Harmondsworth, Harrow, Hayes, Hendon, Heston, Hillingdon, Hornsey, Ickenham, Isleworth, Kingsbury, Laleham, Littleton, Northolt, Norwood precinct, Perivale, Pinner, Ruislip, Shepperton, South Mimms, Staines, Stanmore
Stanmore
(Great and Little), Stanwell, Sunbury, Teddington, Tottenham, Twickenham, Twyford Abbey, Uxbridge
Uxbridge
township and chapelry, Wilsden (sic)

County of Surrey Addington, Banstead, Beddington and Wallington
Beddington and Wallington
hamlet, Carshalton, Cheam, Chessington, Croydon, Cuddington, Epsom, Ewell
Ewell
exclusive of part near Walton, Farley, Kew, Kingston upon Thames, Ham-with-Hatch hamlet, Hook hamlet, Long Ditton, Maldon (sic), Merton, Mitcham, Morden, Mortlake, Molesey (East), Molesey (West), Petersham, Richmond, Roehampton, Sanderstead, Sutton, Thames Ditton
Thames Ditton
including hamlet of Ember, hamlet of Weston, and hamlet of Claygate, Warlingham, Wimbledon, Woodmansterne, Worcester Park
Worcester Park
(extra-parochial)

County of Kent Beckenham, Bexley, Bromley, Charlton, Chislehurst, Crayford, Down (sic), Eltham including Mottingham, Erith, Farnborough, Foots Cray, Hayes, Keston, Kidbrooke, Lee, Lewisham, North Cray, Orpington, Plumstead, St Mary's Cray, Wickham (East), Wickham (West), Woolwich

County of Essex Barking
Barking
(Town Ward, Chadwell Ward, Great Ilford
Ilford
Ward, Ripple Ward), Chigwell, Chingford, Dagenham, East Ham, Little Ilford, Loughton, Low Leyton, Waltham Holy Cross
Waltham Holy Cross
(Holyfield hamlet, Sewardstone hamlet, Upshire hamlet, Waltham Town hamlet), Walthamstow, Wanstead, West Ham (Church-street Ward, Plaistow Ward, Stratford Ward), Woodford

County of Hertford Aldenham, Bushey, Cheshunt, Chipping Barnet, East Barnet, Elstree, Northaw, Ridge, Shenley, Theobald-street, Totteridge

1946 revision[edit] In 1946 the Metropolitan Police District
Metropolitan Police District
was somewhat redrawn by the Police Act 1946, to match the then local government boundaries. The boroughs of Dartford
Dartford
and Watford, the urban district of Caterham and Warlingham
Warlingham
and the parish of St. Peter Rural were wholly excluded from the District; whilst the borough of Epsom
Epsom
and Ewell, the urban districts of Banstead, Cheshunt, Coulsdon and Purley, Crayford, Esher and Orpington
Orpington
were brought wholly within the district.[2] The definition, in the Fourth Schedule is as follows:[3]

County of London
London
except the City of London

Middlesex

County Borough of Croydon, County Borough of East Ham, County Borough of West Ham

Essex Municipal Borough of Barking, Municipal Borough of Chingford, Municipal Borough of Dagenham, Municipal Borough of Ilford, Municipal Borough of Walthamstow, Municipal Borough of Wanstead
Wanstead
and Woodford, Chigwell
Chigwell
Urban District, Waltham Holy Cross
Waltham Holy Cross
Urban District

Hertfordshire Barnet Urban District, Bushey
Bushey
Urban District, Cheshunt
Cheshunt
Urban District, East Barnet
East Barnet
Urban District, Elstree
Elstree
Rural District the parish of Northaw from Hatfield Rural District Aldenham
Aldenham
from Watford
Watford
Rural District

Kent Municipal Borough of Beckenham, Municipal Borough of Bexley, Municipal Borough of Bromley, Municipal Borough of Erith, Chislehurst
Chislehurst
and Sidcup Urban District, Crayford
Crayford
Urban District, Orpington
Orpington
Urban District, Penge Urban District

Surrey Municipal Borough of Barnes, Municipal Borough of Beddington and Wallington, Municipal Borough of Epsom
Epsom
and Ewell, Municipal Borough of Kingston-upon-Thames, Municipal Borough of Malden and Coombe, Municipal Borough of Mitcham, Municipal Borough of Richmond, Municipal Borough of Surbiton, Municipal Borough of Sutton and Cheam, Municipal Borough of Wimbledon, Banstead
Banstead
Urban District, Carshalton
Carshalton
Urban District, Coulsdon and Purley Urban District, Esher
Esher
Urban District, Merton and Morden
Morden
Urban District

1965 revision[edit] In 1965 the administrative boundaries of London
London
were extended. After 1965 the newly created Greater London
Greater London
more closely matched the MPD, and the MPD was defined again by section 76 of the London
London
Government Act 1963. The former area of the Municipal Borough of Romford
Municipal Borough of Romford
and Hornchurch Urban District, which had not previously been covered by the MPD but were now in Greater London, were added. The revised MPD included some areas that did not become part of Greater London. In 1974 it was again restated as:[4]

Greater London, excluding the City of London
City of London
and the Temples Essex: Epping Forest : former Chigwell
Chigwell
Urban District and parish of Waltham Holy Cross Hertfordshire: Broxbourne : former Cheshunt
Cheshunt
urban district Hertfordshire: Hertsmere Hertfordshire: Welwyn Hatfield: parish of Northaw (renamed Northaw and Cuffley in 1982) Surrey: Elmbridge: former Esher
Esher
urban district Surrey: Epsom
Epsom
and Ewell Surrey: Spelthorne Surrey: Reigate and Banstead: former Banstead
Banstead
urban district

1990s revision[edit] Following the first periodic review of Greater London
Greater London
and the London boroughs by the Local Government Boundary Commission for England, changes were made to the City of London
City of London
Police and MPD boundary on 1 April 1994, with several exchanges of territory.[5] 2000 revision[edit] In 1998 the Government 'Green Paper' on the Greater London Authority[6] proposed to create a police authority for the Metropolitan Police, who had previously been under the control of the Home Secretary. Initially, the government proposed to retain the areas outside the local government boundary, with a representative appointed to the Metropolitan Police Authority from the councils outside the Greater London
Greater London
Authority boundary. However the government changed its mind and in the Greater London Authority Act 1999 the boundaries of the Metropolitan Police District were redefined to match Greater London. The excised county areas were reassigned to Essex
Essex
Police, Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Constabulary and Surrey Police.[7] Use for other purposes[edit]

Coal-tax post
Coal-tax post
on a footpath in Wormley Wood, Hertfordshire

The London
London
Coal and Wine Duties Continuance Act 1861 aligned the coal tax boundary to the MPD and a series of coal-tax posts can be found along the boundary as it existed at that time. During the 20th century the population of the County of London
London
was in decline and the London
London
population was growing in the outer suburbs within the MPD. During this period the MPD was used as a definition of 'Greater London'. 1901 Census is an example of this.[8] Exceptions[edit] Not all parts of Greater London, although within the boundaries of the MPD, are policed by the Metropolitan Police. The Greater London Authority Act 1999 defines the Metropolitan Police District
Metropolitan Police District
as consisting of "Greater London, excluding the City of London, the Inner Temple and the Middle Temple." The City of London
City of London
has its own police force, the City of London
City of London
Police, which also covers the Inner and Middle Temples. As constables of both forces are empowered throughout England and Wales, mutual assistance is a routine matter. The City of London
London
has some policing jurisdiction with parks constabularies within their lands at Hampstead Heath and Epping Forest
Epping Forest
(constables are attested under the Greater London
Greater London
Parks & Open Spaces Act 1967 and the Epping Forest
Epping Forest
Act 1878 respectively not under the Police Acts as members of the City of London
City of London
Police); this is a particular exception of one authority having resident jurisdiction within the general territory of another. The London
London
Underground and the lines and stations of the national railway network within the MPD are primarily policed by the British Transport Police but are not excluded from the jurisdiction of the Metropolitan Police. The Royal Parks of London
London
used to be policed by the Royal Parks Constabulary (RPC) whose powers derived from the Parks Regulation Act 1872. The Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005
Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005
abolished the RPC in England and Wales
England and Wales
and provided for the transfer of personnel within Greater London
Greater London
into the Metropolitan Police, leaving the Royal Parks within the general jurisdiction of the Metropolitan Police. Other specialist police forces empowered by legislation other than the Police Acts applicable to territorial police forces in England and Wales have responsibility for policing specific places within Greater London. These include police employed by local authorities (responsible for their buildings and parks), the Royal Military Police and Ministry of Defence Police. As with the BTP, their jurisdiction is not in general to the exclusion of the Metropolitan Police but can in some cases involve powers specific to the places which they patrol which cease to have effect when they leave those places (but not in all cases preventing them from assisting the Metropolitan Police as persons with police powers). References[edit]

^ Order in Council enlarging the Metropolitan Police District
Metropolitan Police District
(SI 1840 5001) ^ Home Office Circular 100/1946 ^ Police Act 1946 ^ UK Parliament. The Local Authorities etc. (Miscellaneous Provision) Order 1974 as made, from legislation.gov.uk. ^ UK Parliament. The City and London
London
Borough Boundaries Order 1993 as made, from legislation.gov.uk. ^ "A Mayor and Assembly for London", HMSO, 1998, pages 62-67. ^ Greater London
Greater London
Authority Act 1999 ^ http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/text/chap_page.jsp?t_id=SRC_P&c_id=2&cpub_id=EW1901PRE&show=DB

v t e

Metropolitan Police Service

Cressida Dick
Cressida Dick
(Commissioner) Craig Mackey
Craig Mackey
(Deputy Commissioner)

Specialist Crime & Operations

Dog Support Unit Marine Policing Unit Mounted Branch Emergency Preparedness OCU Public Order OCU Specialist Firearms Command Traffic OCU Traffic Criminal Justice Unit Territorial Support Group Covert policing Economic and Specialist Crime Forensic Services Homicide and Serious Crime Command Human Exploitation and Organised Crime Command Operations Trident and Trafalgar Serious and Organised Crime Command (Flying Squad)

Specialist Operations

Counter Terrorism Command Protection & Security Command

Parliamentary and Diplomatic Protection Royalty and Specialist Protection Aviation Policing

Territorial Policing Directorate

Central Communications Command Royal Parks Operational Command Unit Safer Transport Command Borough Command Unit Safer Neighbourhood Team

History Commissioner Deputy Commissioner Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime Mayor of London Metropolitan Police District Metropolitan Police F.C. Metropolitan Special
Special
Constabulary New Scotland Yard Organisation and

.