The Info List - Metropolitan Green Belt

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The Metropolitan Green Belt
Metropolitan Green Belt
is a statutory green belt around London, England. It includes designated parts of Greater London
Greater London
and the surrounding counties of Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Essex, Hertfordshire, Kent
and Surrey
in the South East and East of England regions.[1]


1 History 2 Release for housing 3 Designated area 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] The term emerged from continental Europe where buffer zones and broad boulevards were increasingly used to separate new development from the centre of historic towns; most notably the Ringstraße
in Vienna. Various proposals were put forward from 1890 onwards but the first to garner widespread support was put forward by the London Society
London Society
in its "Development Plan of Greater London" 1919. Alongside the CPRE they lobbied for a continuous belt (of up to two miles wide) to prevent urban sprawl, beyond which new development could occur. Implementation of the notion dated from Herbert Morrison's 1934 leadership of the London County Council. It was first formally proposed by the Greater London
Greater London
Regional Planning Committee in 1935, "to provide a reserve supply of public open spaces and of recreational areas and to establish a green belt or girdle of open space". It was again included in an advisory Greater London
Greater London
Plan prepared by Patrick Abercrombie in 1944 (which sought a belt of up to six miles wide). However, it was some 14 years before the elected local authorities responsible for the area around London had all defined the area on scaled maps with some precision (encouraged by Duncan Sandys
Duncan Sandys
to designate a belt of some 7–10 miles wide). New provisions for compensation in the Town and Country Planning Act 1947 allowed local authorities around the country to incorporate green belt proposals in their first development plans. The codification of Green Belt policy and its extension to areas other than London came with the historic Circular 42/55 inviting local planning authorities to consider the establishment of Green Belts. This decision was made in tandem with the 1946 New Towns Act, which sought to depopulate urban centres in the South East of England
East of England
and accommodate people in new settlements elsewhere. Green belt could therefore be designated by local authorities without worry that it would come into conflict with pressure from population growth. As the outward growth of London was seen to be firmly repressed, residents owning properties further from the built-up area also campaigned for this policy of urban restraint, partly to safeguard their own investments but often invoking an idealised scenic/rustic argument which laid the blame for most social ills upon urban influences. In mid-1971, for example, the government decided to extend the Metropolitan Green Belt
Metropolitan Green Belt
northwards to include almost all of Hertfordshire. The Metropolitan Green Belt
Metropolitan Green Belt
now covers parts of 68 different Districts or Boroughs. Release for housing[edit] Since 1955 London's green belt has extended significantly, stretching some 35 miles out in places. London's green belt now covers an area of 516,000 hectares, an area broadly three times larger than that of London itself. With London's population set to increase by 2,000,000 over the period 2015–2030 it is therefore under increasing pressure for limited land release. The London Society
London Society
began debate about the city's green belt in 2014 with publication of a report entitled "Green Sprawl".[2][3][4][5][6] Other organisations, including the Planning Officers Society,[7] have since responded with specific calls for a review and proposals to balance land release with environmental protection.[8][9][10] In January 2016, the Adam Smith Institute released a paper showing that there was enough space in the green belt around London to build a million homes within ten minutes walk of existing train stations. The report estimated that in the Metropolitan Green Belt, there was around 20,000 hectares of land which was within 800m of a railway station, and a further 10,000 hectares of golf course land.[11][12] Designated area[edit] The table lists the areas designated as the Metropolitan Green Belt
Metropolitan Green Belt
in 2014. Between 2009 and 2014 there was a reduction of 435 hectares. In 2009, 19 of the 32 London boroughs had green belt land, however by 2014 Greenwich was recorded with zero green belt land.[13] At least some part of every district in Surrey
and Hertfordshire
is included.

District (planning authority) Region of England Ceremonial county Area (hectares)

Aylesbury Vale South East Buckinghamshire 4,800

Barking and Dagenham London Greater London 530

Barnet London Greater London 2,380

Basildon East Essex 6,950

Bexley London Greater London 1,120

Bracknell Forest South East Berkshire 3,840

Brentwood East Essex 13,700

Bromley London Greater London 7,730

Broxbourne East Hertfordshire 3,310

Castle Point East Essex 2,750

Central Bedfordshire East Bedfordshire 28,220

Chelmsford East Essex 12,850

Chiltern South East Buckinghamshire 17,380

Croydon London Greater London 2,310

Dacorum East Hertfordshire 10,690

Dartford South East Kent 4,110

Ealing London Greater London 310

East Hertfordshire East Hertfordshire 17,530

Elmbridge South East Surrey 5,620

Enfield London Greater London 3,060

Epping Forest East Essex 31,680

Epsom and Ewell South East Surrey 1,560

Gravesham South East Kent 7,670

Guildford South East Surrey 24,040

Haringey London Greater London 60

Harlow East Essex 640

Harrow London Greater London 1,090

Havering London Greater London 6,010

Hertsmere East Hertfordshire 8,040

Hillingdon London Greater London 4,970

Hounslow London Greater London 1,230

Kingston upon Thames London Greater London 640

Luton East Bedfordshire 140

Maidstone South East Kent 530

Medway South East Kent 1,340

Mid Sussex South East West Sussex 20

Mole Valley South East Surrey 19,640

Newham London Greater London 80

North Hertfordshire East Hertfordshire 14,250

Redbridge London Greater London 2,070

Reigate and Banstead South East Surrey 8,890

Richmond upon Thames London Greater London 140

Rochford East Essex 12,570

Runnymede South East Surrey 6,140

Sevenoaks South East Kent 34,400

Slough South East Berkshire 860

South Bucks South East Buckinghamshire 12,350

Southend-on-Sea East Essex 610

Spelthorne South East Surrey 3,320

St Albans East Hertfordshire 13,140

Stevenage East Hertfordshire 260

Heath South East Surrey 4,190

Sutton London Greater London 620

Tandridge South East Surrey 23,300

Three Rivers East Hertfordshire 6,840

Thurrock East Essex 11,920

Tonbridge and Malling South East Kent 17,060

Tunbridge Wells South East Kent 7,130

Uttlesford East Essex 3,810

Waltham Forest London Greater London 840

Watford East Hertfordshire 410

Waverley South East Surrey 21,080

Welwyn Hatfield East Hertfordshire 10,250

Windsor and Maidenhead South East Berkshire 16,480

Woking South East Surrey 4,030

Wokingham South East Berkshire 2,900

Wycombe South East Buckinghamshire 15,630




Outskirts, by John Grindrod

^ "London Datastore". Data.london.gov.uk. Retrieved 2 December 2017.  ^ Manns, J., "Green Sprawl: Our Current Affection for a Preservation Myth?", London Society, London, 2014 ^ "'London's green belt isn't sacrosanct … we need to build homes on". Standard.co.uk. Retrieved 2 December 2017.  ^ "Peter Murray: Is London's Green Belt overprotected? - onoffice magazine". Onofficemagazine.com. Retrieved 2 December 2017.  ^ "Are they Green *Belts* by Accident?". Spatial-economics.blogspot.co.uk. Retrieved 2 December 2017.  ^ "Why we need reform of the green belt in London and the South East - Homes For Britain". Homesforbritain.org.uk. 4 February 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2017.  ^ "Planning for a Better Future : Our planning manifesto for the next government" (PDF). Planningofficers.org.uk. 15 March 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2017.  ^ "The Green Belt: A Place for Londoners?", London First, London, 2015 ^ "Delivering Change: Building Homes Where we Need Them", Centre for Cities, London, 2015 ^ "AECOM" (PDF). Aecom.com. Retrieved 2 December 2017.  ^ "Press Release: New paper reveals where London's Green Belt must be built on to curtail housing crisis". Adamsmith.org. Retrieved 2 December 2017.  ^ Tom Papworth. "a garden of one's own : Suggestions for development in the metropolitan Green Belt" (PDF). Static1.squarespace.com. Retrieved 2 December 2017.  ^ "Area of designated Green Belt land 1 by local planning authority as at 31 March 2014" (XLSX). Gov.uk. Retrieved 2 December 2017. 

External links[edit]

London Green Belt Council