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The administrative area of the METROPOLITAN CITY OF ROME (Italian : Città metropolitana di Roma Capitale) is one of the constitutional Metropolitan cities of Italy in the Lazio
Lazio
region, Italy
Italy
. Its capital is the city of Rome
Rome
. It replaced the Province of Rome
Rome
and comprises the city of Rome
Rome
and other 121 municipalities (comuni). It was firstly created by the reform of local authorities (Law 142/1990) and then established by the Law 56/2014. It has been officially operative since 1 January 2015.

The Metropolitan City of Rome
Rome
Capital is headed by the Metropolitan Mayor (Sindaco metropolitano) and by the Metropolitan Council (Consiglio metropolitano). Since 20 June 2016 Virginia Raggi
Virginia Raggi
, as mayor of the capital city.

CONTENTS

* 1 Territory

* 1.1 Geography * 1.2 Transport * 1.3 Largest municipalities

* 2 Metropolitan Council * 3 References

TERRITORY

GEOGRAPHY

The Metropolitan City of Rome
Rome
Capital covers almost one-third of the territory of Lazio
Lazio
. It occupies the flat area of the Roman and the Tiber
Tiber
Valley to the mountains and dell'Aniene Lucretili Sabini and, in addition to the mountainous regions of the Tolfa and Monti Sabatini
Monti Sabatini
to the north-west, the area of the mountains Tiburtini Prenestini Simbruini and east, the area of the Colli Albani and the northern foothills of the mountains, and high Lepine Sacco valley to the south-east. The western boundary of the province is represented by the Tyrrhenian Sea
Tyrrhenian Sea
on which spread to about 130 kilometres (81 mi) from the coast near Rome
Rome
from Civitavecchia
Civitavecchia
to Torre Astura. In the territory there are several lakes, almost all of volcanic origin, which are concentrated in the north-west of the mountains and Sabatini in the south-east of the Colli Albani.

TRANSPORT

Main article: Transport in Rome
Rome

The Metropolitan City of Rome
Rome
Capital is at the centre of the radial network of roads that roughly follow the lines of the ancient Roman roads which began at the Capitoline Hill
Capitoline Hill
and connected Rome
Rome
with its empire. Today Rome
Rome
is circled, at a distance of about 10 km (6 mi) from the Capitol, by the ring-road (the Grande Raccordo Anulare or GRA).

Due to its location in the centre of the Italian peninsula, Rome
Rome
is the principal railway node for central Italy. Rome's main railway station, Termini , is one of the largest railway stations in Europe and the most heavily used in Italy, with around 400 thousand travellers passing through every day. The second-largest station in the city, Roma Tiburtina , has been redeveloped as a high-speed rail terminus.

Rome
Rome
is served by three airports. The intercontinental Leonardo da Vinci International Airport is Italy's chief airport, is located within the nearby Fiumicino
Fiumicino
, south-west of Rome. The older Rome Ciampino Airport is a joint civilian and military airport. It is commonly referred to as " Ciampino Airport", as it is located beside Ciampino , south-east of Rome. A third airport, the Roma-Urbe Airport, is a small, low-traffic airport located about 6 km (4 mi) north of the city centre, which handles most helicopter and private flights.

Although the city has its own quarter on the Mediterranean Sea (Lido di Ostia ), this has only a marina and a small channel-harbour for fisher boats. The main harbour which serves Rome
Rome
is Port of Civitavecchia
Civitavecchia
, located about 62 km northwest of the city.

A 3-line metro system called the Metropolitana operates in the Metropolitan City of Rome. Construction on the first branch started in the 1930s. The line had been planned to quickly connect the main railway station with the newly planned E42 area in the southern suburbs, where the 1942 World Fair was supposed to be held. The event never took place because of war, but the area was later partly redesigned and renamed EUR (Esposizione Universale di Roma: Rome Universal Exhibition) in the 1950s to serve as a modern business district. The line was finally opened in 1955, and it is now the south part of the B Line.

The A line opened in 1980 from Ottaviano to Anagnina stations, later extended in stages (1999–2000) to Battistini. In the 1990s, an extension of the B line was opened from Termini to Rebibbia. This underground network is generally reliable (although it may become very congested at peak times and during events, especially the A line) as it is relatively short.

The A and B lines intersect at Roma Termini station. A new branch of the B line (B1) opened on 13 June 2012 after an estimated building cost of €500 million. B1 connects to line B at Piazza Bologna and has four stations over a distance of 3.9 km (2 mi).

A third line, the C line, is under construction with an estimated cost of €3 billion and will have 30 stations over a distance of 25.5 km (16 mi). It will partly replace the existing Termini -Pantano rail line. It will feature full automated, driverless trains. The first section with 15 stations connecting Pantano with the quarter of Centocelle in the eastern part of the city, opened on 9 November 2014. The end of the work was scheduled in 2015, but archaeological findings often delay underground construction work.

A fourth line, D line, is also planned. It will have 22 stations over a distance of 20 km (12 mi). The first section was projected to open in 2015 and the final sections before 2035, but due to the city's financial crisis the project has been put on hold.

LARGEST MUNICIPALITIES

Satellite picture of Rome metropolitan area .

COMUNE POPULATION

Rome
Rome
2,866,733

Guidonia Montecelio 88,238

Fiumicino
Fiumicino
75,378

Pomezia
Pomezia
61,207

Tivoli 56,568

Anzio
Anzio
53,760

Velletri
Velletri
52,998

Civitavecchia
Civitavecchia
52,942

Ardea 48,495

Nettuno 48,346

METROPOLITAN COUNCIL

The new Metro municipalities, giving large urban areas the administrative powers of a province, are conceived for improving the performance of local administrations and to slash local spending by better coordinating the municipalities in providing basic services (including transport, school and social programs) and environment protection. In this policy framework, the Mayor of Rome
Rome
is designated to exercise the functions of Metropolitan mayor, presieding over a Metropolitan Council formed by 24 mayors of municipalities within the Metro municipality.

The first Metropolitan Council of the City was elected on 5 October 2014:

GROUP SEATS

PD 14 / 24

FI 4 / 24

M5S 2 / 24

NCD 2 / 24

Others 2 / 24

REFERENCES

* ^ – Entry on Roma Tiburtina station on the official website of the Italian high-speed rail service (in Italian) * ^ "Porti di Roma". Retrieved 6 March 2015. * ^ Kington, Tom (14 May 2007). "Roman remains threaten metro". Guardian . London. Retrieved 10 August 2008. * ^ "Metro C, apre la Pantano-Centocelle: folla di romani all\'inaugurazione". Il Messaggero (in Italian). 9 November 2014. Retrieved 11 November 2014. * ^ Vittorio Ferri (2009). "Metropolitan cities in Italy. An institution of federalism" (PDF). University of Milan-Bicocca. Retrieved 23 May 2011.

* v * t * e

Metropolitan cities and areas of Italy
Italy

METROPOLITAN CITIES

* Bari * Bologna * Cagliari * Catania * Florence * Genoa * Messina * Milan * Naples * Palermo * Reggio Calabria * Rome * Turin * Venice

METROPOLITAN AREAS

* Bari * Bologna * Cagliari * Catania * Florence * Genoa * Messina-Reggio Calabria * Milan * Naples * Padua * Palermo * Rome
Rome
* Turin * Venice

* v * t * e

Comuni of the Metropolitan City of Rome
Rome
Capital

* Affile * Agosta * Albano Laziale
Albano Laziale
* Allumiere * Anguillara Sabazia * Anticoli Corrado * Anzio
Anzio
* Arcinazzo Romano * Ardea * Ariccia
Ariccia
* Arsoli * Artena * Bellegra * Bracciano
Bracciano
* Camerata Nuova * Campagnano di Roma * Canale Monterano
Canale Monterano
* Canterano * Capena
Capena
* Capranica Prenestina * Carpineto Romano
Carpineto Romano
* Casape * Castel Gandolfo
Castel Gandolfo
* Castel Madama * Castel San Pietro Romano * Castelnuovo di Porto * Cave * Cerreto Laziale * Cervara di Roma
Cervara di Roma
* Cerveteri * Ciampino * Ciciliano * Cineto Romano * Civitavecchia
Civitavecchia
* Civitella San Paolo * Colleferro * Colonna * Fiano Romano * Filacciano * Fiumicino
Fiumicino
* Fonte Nuova * Formello * Frascati
Frascati
* Gallicano nel Lazio
Lazio
* Gavignano * Genazzano * Genzano di Roma * Gerano * Gorga * Grottaferrata
Grottaferrata
* Guidonia Montecelio * Jenne * Labico
Labico
* Ladispoli * Lanuvio * Lariano * Licenza * Magliano Romano * Mandela * Manziana * Marano Equo * Marcellina * Marino * Mazzano Romano * Mentana * Monte Compatri
Monte Compatri
* Monte Porzio Catone * Monteflavio * Montelanico * Montelibretti * Monterotondo * Montorio Romano * Moricone * Morlupo * Nazzano * Nemi * Nerola * Nettuno * Olevano Romano
Olevano Romano
* Palestrina * Palombara Sabina * Percile * Pisoniano * Poli * Pomezia
Pomezia
* Ponzano Romano * Riano * Rignano Flaminio * Riofreddo * Rocca Canterano * Rocca Priora * Rocca Santo Stefano * Rocca di Cave
Rocca di Cave
* Rocca di Papa
Rocca di Papa
* Roccagiovine * Roiate * Rome
Rome
* Roviano * Sacrofano * Sambuci * San Cesareo * San Gregorio da Sassola * San Polo dei Cavalieri * San Vito Romano * Sant\'Angelo Romano * Sant\'Oreste * Santa Marinella * Saracinesco * Segni * Subiaco * Tivoli * Tolfa * Torrita Tiberina
Torrita Tiberina
* Trevignano Romano
Trevignano Romano
* Vallepietra * Vallinfreda * Valmontone * Velletri
Velletri
* Vicovaro * Vivaro Romano * Zagarolo

* v * t * e

Lazio
Lazio

PROVINCES

* Frosinone * Latina * Rieti * Rome
Rome
* Viterbo

HISTORY

* Latins * Latium
Latium
* Ancient Rome
Rome
* Papal States
Papal States
* Roman Republic (18th century) * Roman Republic (19th century)

LAKES

* Lake Albano * Lake Bolsena
Lake Bolsena
* Lake Bracciano
Bracciano
* Lago di Canterno * Lago di Caprolace * Lago di Fondi * Lago di Giulianello * Lake Martignano * Lake Mezzano * Lago dei Monaci * Lake Nemi * Lago di Posta Fibreno
Lago di Posta Fibreno
* Lago di Rascino * Lago di Sabaudia * Lago del Salto
Lago del Salto
* Lago del Turano * Lake Vico

MOUNTAINS

* Seven hills of Rome
Rome
* Alban Hills * Aurunci Mountains
Aurunci Mountains
* Monti Ausoni
Monti Ausoni
* Monte Cavo
Monte Cavo
* Cimini Hills * Monti Ernici *