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The METROPOLITAN CITY (_città metropolitana_ in Italian) is an administrative division of Italy , operative since 2015. The metropolitan city, as defined by law, includes a large core city and the smaller surrounding towns that are closely related to it with regard to economic activities and essential public services, as well as to cultural relations and to territorial features.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Organisation * 3 Metropolitan cities * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links

HISTORY

The original 1990 law individuated as metropolitan cities the comuni of Turin , Milan , Venice , Genoa , Bologna , Florence , Rome , Bari , Naples and their respective hinterlands, reserving the autonomous regions the right to individuate metropolitan areas in their territory. In 2009, amendments added Reggio Calabria to the list. The metropolitan areas individuated by the autonomous regions were: Trieste in Friuli-Venezia Giulia ; Cagliari in Sardinia ; Catania , Messina and Palermo in Sicily .

On 3 April 2014 the Italian Parliament approved a law that establishes 10 metropolitan cities in Italy , excluding the autonomous regions. The new metropolitan cities have been operative since 1 January 2015.

ORGANISATION

The metropolitan city is composed by the municipalities (_comuni_) that before had been members of the same province. Each metropolitan city is headed by a metropolitan mayor (_sindaco metropolitano_) assisted by a legislative body, the Metropolitan council (_consiglio metropolitano_), and by a non-legislative assembly, the metropolitan conference (_conferenza metropolitana_). Members of the Metropolitan council are elected and chosen by mayors and city councilors of each municipality in the metropolitan city, the metropolitan mayor is the mayor of the provincial capital. The metropolitan conference is composed by the mayors of the municipalities closest to the capital.

The main functions devolved to the new metropolitan cities are:

* local planning and zoning; * provision of local police services; * transport and city services regulation.

METROPOLITAN CITIES

METROPOLITAN CITY AREA (KM²) POPULATION POPULATION DENSITY (/KM²) DATE MAYOR

ROME _Roma_ 5,352 4,336,915 810 3 April 2014 Virginia Raggi (M5S )

MILAN _Milano_ 1,575 3,190,340 2,026 3 April 2014 Giuseppe Sala (PD )

NAPLES _Napoli_ 1,171 3,128,702 2,672 3 April 2014 Luigi De Magistris (MA )

TURIN _Torino_ 6,829 2,293,340 336 3 April 2014 Chiara Appendino (M5S )

PALERMO _Palermo_ 5,009 1,276,525 255 4 August 2015 Leoluca Orlando (I )

BARI _Bari_ 3,821 1,251,004 327 3 April 2014 Antonio Decaro (PD )

CATANIA _Catania_ 3,574 1,116,168 312 4 August 2015 Enzo Bianco (PD )

FLORENCE _Firenze_ 3,514 1,007,435 287 3 April 2014 Dario Nardella (PD )

BOLOGNA _Bologna_ 3,702 1,005,831 271 3 April 2014 Virginio Merola (PD )

GENOA _Genova_ 1,839 864,008 470 3 April 2014 Marco Doria (SI )

VENICE _Venezia_ 2,462 858,455 349 3 April 2014 Luigi Brugnaro (I )

MESSINA _Messina_ 3,266 647,477 198 4 August 2015 Renato Accorinti (I )

REGGIO CALABRIA _Reggio Calabria_ 3,183 558,959 176 3 April 2014 Giuseppe Falcomatà (PD )

CAGLIARI _Cagliari_ 1,248 431,302 346 4 February 2016 Massimo Zedda (SI )

SEE ALSO

* Regions of Italy * Provinces of Italy * List of cities in Italy

REFERENCES

* ^ http://www.edscuola.it/archivio/norme/leggi/l142_90.html Law 8 June 1990 n. 142 * ^ Law 5 May 2009 n. 42 * ^ http://www.ilsole24ore.com/art/notizie/2014-04-03/addio-vecchie-provice-e-legge-ddl-delrio-144336.shtml?uuid=ABRoQ37 * ^ http://www.ilsole24ore.com/art/notizie/2014-04-03/citta-metropolitanei-nuovi-organi-203019.shtml?uuid=ABwmpA8;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Metropolitan cities and areas of Italy

METROPOLITAN CITIES

* Bari * Bologna * Cagliari * Catania * Florence * Genoa * Messina * Milan * Naples * Palermo * Reggio Calabria * Rome * Turin * Venice

METROPOLITAN AREAS

* Bari * Bologna * Cagliari * Catania * Florence * Genoa * Messina- Reggio Calabria * Milan * Naples * Padua * Palermo * Rome * Turin * Venice

* v * t * e

Italy articles

HISTORY

CHRONOLOGY

* Prehistory

* Italic peoples * Ancient Italian peoples * Pre-Nuragic Sardinia * Nuragic peoples

* Etruscan Civilization * Nuragic Civilization * Phoenician / Carthaginian colonies * Magna Graecia

* Ancient Rome

* Kingdom * Republic * Empire

* Middle Ages

* Italy under Odoacer * Ostrogoths * Lombards * Regnum Italiae * Arabs * Normans * Guelphs and Ghibellines * Italian city-states * Maritime republics

* Renaissance

* Italian Wars

* Early Modern period * Unification

* Monarchy and the World Wars

* Kingdom of Italy * Colonial Empire * World War I * Fascist Italy * World War II * Resistance * Civil War

* Republic

* Economic Boom * Years of Lead * Years of Mud * Mani pulite

BY TOPIC

* Citizenship * Currency * Economy * Fashion * Flags * Genetic * Historic states * Military * Music * Postal * Railways

GEOGRAPHY

* Peninsula

* Northern

* Northwest * Northeast

* Central

* Southern

* South * Insular

* Fauna * Flora

* Volcanology

* Volcanoes

* Mountains

* Prealps * Alps * Apennines

* Beaches * Canals * Caves * Earthquakes * Islands * Lakes * National parks * Rivers * Valleys

POLITICS

* Constitution * Elections * Referendums

* Foreign relations

* Missions

* Judiciary * Law enforcement * Military

* Parliament

* Chamber of Deputies * Senate

* Political parties * President * Prime Minister * Council of Ministers * Regions * Provinces * Metropolitan cities * Municipalities * Cities

ECONOMY

* Economic history

* Milan * Naples * Rome * Turin

* Regions by GDP * Automotive industry

* Banking

* Central Bank

* Companies * Energy * Government debt * Science and technology * Stock exchange * Taxation

* Telecommunications

* Internet

* Tourism * Trade unions * Transportation * Welfare

SOCIETY

* Abortion * Adoption * Billionaires * Capital punishment * Corruption * Crime * Demographics

* Education

* Secondary * Higher * Universities

* Emigration * Fathers\' rights movement * Feminism * Gambling * Health * Healthcare * Immigration * LGBT rights * Nobility * Prostitution * Racism * Religion * Smoking * Social class * Terrorism * Women

CULTURE

* Duecento * Trecento * Quattrocento * Cinquecento * Seicento * Settecento

* Architecture * Art * Castles * Cinema

* Cuisine

* Wine

* Decorations * Design * Fashion * Festivals * Folklore * Italophilia * Italophobia

* Languages and dialects

* Italian

* Literature

* Media

* Newspapers * Radio * TV

* Monuments * Mythology

* Music

* Classical * Folk * Opera * Popular

* National symbols

* Anthem * Emblem

* Flag

* Regions

* Personification

* People * Philosophy * Public holidays * Sculpture * Sport * Traditions * World Heritage Sites

* Italy portal * WikiProject * Commons * Quotes * News * Travel * Category

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