The metre per second squared is the unit of acceleration in the International System of Units (SI). As a derived unit, it is composed from the SI base units of length, the metre, and time, the second. Its symbol is written in several forms as m/s^{2}, m·s^{−2} or m s^{−2}, or less commonly, as m/s/s.^{[1]}
As acceleration, the unit is interpreted physically as change in velocity or speed per time interval, i.e. metre per second per second and is treated as a vector quantity.
An object experiences a constant acceleration of one metre per second squared (1 m/s^{2}) from a state of rest, when it achieves the speed of 5 m/s after 5 seconds and 10 m/s after 10 seconds.
Newton's Second Law states that force equals mass multiplied by acceleration. The unit of force is the newton (N), and mass has the SI unit kilogram (kg). One newton equals one kilogram metre per second squared. Therefore, the unit metre per second squared is equivalent to newton per kilogram, N·kg^{−1}, or N/kg.^{[2]}
Thus, the Earth's gravitational field (near ground level) can be quoted as 9.8 metres per second squared, or the equivalent 9.8 N/kg.
Acceleration can be measured in ratios to gravity, such as g-force, and peak ground acceleration in earthquakes.
Base value | (Gal, or cm/s^{2}) | (ft/s^{2}) | (m/s^{2}) | (Standard gravity, g_{0}) |
---|---|---|---|---|
1 Gal, or cm/s^{2} | 1 | 8084 0.032 | 0.01 | 01972 0.001 |
1 ft/s^{2} | 30.4800 | 1 | 800 0.304 | 0810 0.031 |
1 m/s^{2} | 100 | 84 3.280 | 1 | 972 0.101 |
1 g_{0} | 980.665 | 32.1740 | 65 9.806 | 1 |
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