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Metallica
Metallica
is an American heavy metal band from Los Angeles, California. The band was formed in 1981 by drummer Lars Ulrich
Lars Ulrich
and vocalist/guitarist James Hetfield. The band's fast tempos, instrumentals and aggressive musicianship made them one of the founding "big four" bands of thrash metal, alongside Megadeth, Anthrax and Slayer. Metallica's current lineup comprises founding members Hetfield and Ulrich, longtime lead guitarist Kirk Hammett
Kirk Hammett
and bassist Robert Trujillo. Guitarist Dave Mustaine
Dave Mustaine
(who formed Megadeth) and bassists Ron McGovney, Cliff Burton
Cliff Burton
and Jason Newsted
Jason Newsted
are former members of the band. Metallica
Metallica
earned a growing fan base in the underground music community and won critical acclaim with its first five albums.[1] The band's third album, Master of Puppets
Master of Puppets
(1986), was described as one of the heaviest and most influential thrash metal albums; its eponymous fifth album, Metallica
Metallica
(1991), the band's first to root predominantly in heavy metal, appealed to a more mainstream audience, achieving substantial commercial success and selling over 16 million copies in the United States
United States
to date, making it the best-selling album of the SoundScan era. After experimenting with different genres and directions in subsequent releases, the band returned to its thrash metal roots with the release of its ninth album, Death Magnetic (2008), which drew similar praise to that of the band's earlier albums. In 2000, Metallica
Metallica
led the case against the peer-to-peer file sharing service Napster, in which the band and several other artists filed lawsuits against the service for sharing their copyright-protected material without consent; after reaching a settlement, Napster
Napster
became a pay-to-use service in 2003. Metallica
Metallica
was the subject of the acclaimed 2004 documentary film Some Kind of Monster, which documented the troubled production of the band's eighth album, St. Anger
St. Anger
(2003), and the internal struggles within the band at the time. In 2009, Metallica
Metallica
was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. The band wrote the screenplay for and starred in the 2013 IMAX
IMAX
concert film Metallica: Through the Never, in which the band performed live against a fictional thriller storyline. Metallica
Metallica
has released ten studio albums, four live albums, a cover album, five extended plays, 37 singles and 39 music videos. The band has won nine Grammy Awards from 23 nominations, and its last six studio albums (beginning with Metallica) have consecutively debuted at number one on the Billboard 200. Metallica
Metallica
ranks as one of the most commercially successful bands of all time, having sold over 125 million records worldwide as of 2018.[2] Metallica
Metallica
has been listed as one of the greatest artists of all time by magazines such as Rolling Stone, which ranked them at no. 61 on its 100 Greatest Artists of All Time list.[3] As of 2017, Metallica
Metallica
is the third best-selling music artist since Nielsen SoundScan began tracking sales in 1991,[4] selling a total of 58 million albums in the United States.[5]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Formation and early years (1981–1982) 1.2 Kill 'Em All
Kill 'Em All
and Ride the Lightning
Ride the Lightning
(1983–1985) 1.3 Master of Puppets
Master of Puppets
and Burton's death (1986–1987) 1.4 ...And Justice for All and Metallica
Metallica
(1988–1993) 1.5 Load, Reload, Garage Inc.
Garage Inc.
and S&M (1994–1999) 1.6 Napster
Napster
controversy, Newsted's departure and St. Anger (2000–2005) 1.7 Death Magnetic, Lulu and Beyond Magnetic
Beyond Magnetic
(2006–2011) 1.8 Metallica: Through the Never and Hardwired... to Self-Destruct (2012–present)

2 Style and lyrical themes 3 Legacy and influence 4 Band members

4.1 Timeline

5 Awards and nominations 6 Discography 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 Sources 11 External links

History Formation and early years (1981–1982)

The classic Metallica
Metallica
logo, used on most of their releases. Designed by James Hetfield[6][7]

Metallica
Metallica
was formed in Los Angeles, California, in late 1981 when Danish-born drummer Lars Ulrich
Lars Ulrich
placed an advertisement in a Los Angeles newspaper, The Recycler, which read, "Drummer looking for other metal musicians to jam with Tygers of Pan Tang, Diamond Head and Iron Maiden."[8] Guitarists James Hetfield
James Hetfield
and Hugh Tanner of Leather Charm answered the advertisement. Although he had not formed a band, Ulrich asked Metal Blade Records
Metal Blade Records
founder Brian Slagel if he could record a song for the label's upcoming compilation album, Metal Massacre. Slagel accepted, and Ulrich recruited Hetfield to sing and play rhythm guitar.[8] The band was officially formed on October 28, 1981, five months after Ulrich and Hetfield first met.[9][10] Ulrich talked to his friend Ron Quintana, who was brainstorming names for a fanzine. Quintana had proposed the names MetalMania and Metallica. Ulrich named his band Metallica. A second advertisement was placed in The Recycler for a position as lead guitarist. Dave Mustaine answered; Ulrich and Hetfield recruited him after seeing his expensive guitar equipment. In early 1982, Metallica
Metallica
recorded its first original song, "Hit the Lights", for the Metal Massacre
Metal Massacre
I compilation. Hetfield played bass on the song, and Lloyd Grant was credited with a guitar solo.[8] Metal Massacre
Metal Massacre
I was released on June 14, 1982; early pressings listed the band incorrectly as "Mettallica".[11] Although angered by the error, Metallica
Metallica
created enough "buzz" with the song, and the band played its first live performance on March 14, 1982, at Radio City in Anaheim, California, with newly recruited bassist Ron McGovney.[12] The band's first taste of live success came early; they were chosen to open for British heavy metal band Saxon at one gig of their 1982 US tour. This was Metallica's second gig. Metallica recorded its first demo, Power Metal, whose name was inspired by Quintana's early business cards in early 1982. The term "thrash metal" was coined by Kerrang!'s journalist Malcolm Dome in reference to Anthrax's song "Metal Thrashing Mad" in Kerrang!'s issue 62, published on February 23, 1984.[13] Prior to this, James Hetfield
James Hetfield
referred to Metallica's sound as "power metal". In late 1982, Ulrich and Hetfield attended a show at the West Hollywood
Hollywood
nightclub Whisky a Go Go, which featured bassist Cliff Burton in a band named Trauma. The two were "blown away" by Burton's use of a wah-wah pedal and asked him to join Metallica. Hetfield and Mustaine wanted McGovney to leave because they thought he "didn't contribute anything, he just followed".[14] Although Burton initially declined the offer, by the end of the year, he had accepted on the condition the band move to El Cerrito in the San Francisco Bay Area. Metallica's first live performance with Burton was at the nightclub The Stone in March 1983, and the first recording to feature Burton was the Megaforce demo (1983).[14] Metallica
Metallica
was ready to record their debut album, but when Metal Blade was unable to cover the cost, the band began looking for other options. Concert promoter Johny "Z" Zazula, who had heard the demo No Life 'til Leather (1982), offered to broker a record deal between Metallica
Metallica
and New York City-based record labels. After those record labels showed no interest, Zazula borrowed enough money to cover the recording budget and signed Metallica
Metallica
to his own label, Megaforce Records.[15] Kill 'Em All
Kill 'Em All
and Ride the Lightning
Ride the Lightning
(1983–1985) In May 1983, Metallica
Metallica
traveled to Rochester, New York
Rochester, New York
to record its debut album, Metal Up Your Ass, which was produced by Paul Curcio.[16] The other members decided to eject Mustaine from the band because of his drug and alcohol abuse, and violent behavior just before the recording sessions on April 11, 1983.[17] Exodus guitarist Kirk Hammett replaced Mustaine the same afternoon.[15]

Dave Mustaine
Dave Mustaine
went on to found rival band Megadeth
Megadeth
after being released from the band in 1983.

Mustaine, who went on to found Megadeth, has expressed his dislike for Hammett in interviews, saying Hammett "stole" his job.[18] Mustaine was "pissed off" because he believes Hammett became popular by playing guitar leads that Mustaine himself had written.[19] In a 1985 interview with Metal Forces, Mustaine said, "it's real funny how Kirk Hammett ripped off every lead break I'd played on that No Life 'til Leather tape and got voted No. 1 guitarist in your magazine".[20] On Megadeth's debut album Killing Is My Business... and Business Is Good! (1985), Mustaine included the song "Mechanix", which Metallica had previously reworked and retitled "The Four Horsemen" on Kill 'Em All. Mustaine said he did this to "straighten Metallica
Metallica
up" because Metallica
Metallica
referred to Mustaine as a drunk and said he could not play guitar.[20] Metallica's first live performance with Hammett was on April 16, 1983, at a nightclub in Dover, New Jersey
Dover, New Jersey
called The Showplace;[14] the support act was Anthrax's original line-up, which included Dan Lilker
Dan Lilker
and Neil Turbin.[21] This was the first time the two bands performed live together.[14] Because of conflicts with its record label and the distributors' refusal to release an album titled Metal Up Your Ass, the album was renamed Kill 'Em All. It was released on Megaforce Records
Megaforce Records
in the U.S. and on Music for Nations
Music for Nations
in Europe, and peaked at number 155 on the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
in 1986.[22][1] Although the album was not initially a financial success, it earned Metallica
Metallica
a growing fan base in the underground metal scene.[23] To support the release, Metallica embarked on the Kill 'Em All
Kill 'Em All
for One tour with Raven.[24] In February 1984, Metallica
Metallica
supported Venom on the Seven Dates of Hell tour, during which the bands performed in front of 7,000 people at the Aardschok Festival in Zwolle, Netherlands.[25] Metallica
Metallica
recorded its second studio album, Ride the Lightning, at Sweet Silence Studios in Copenhagen, Denmark. It was released in August 1984 and reached number 100 on the Billboard 200.[26] A French printing press mistakenly printed green covers for the album, which are now considered collectors' items. Mustaine received writing credit for "Ride the Lightning" and "The Call of Ktulu".[25] Elektra Records
Elektra Records
A&R director Michael Alago, and co-founder of Q-Prime Management Cliff Burnstein, attended a Metallica
Metallica
concert in September 1984. They were impressed with the performance, signed Metallica
Metallica
to Elektra, and made the band as a client of Q-Prime Management.[27] Metallica's growing success was such that the band's British label Music for Nations
Music for Nations
released Creeping Death
Creeping Death
as a limited edition single, which sold 40,000 copies as an import in the U.S. Two of the three songs on the record—cover versions of Diamond Head's "Am I Evil?" and Blitzkrieg's "Blitzkrieg"—appeared on the 1988 Elektra reissue of Kill 'Em All.[28] Metallica
Metallica
embarked on its first major European tour with Tank to an average crowd of 1,300. Returning to the U.S., it embarked upon a tour co-headlining with W.A.S.P. and supported by Armored Saint. Metallica
Metallica
played its largest show at the Monsters of Rock
Monsters of Rock
festival at Donington Park, England, on August 17, 1985, with Bon Jovi
Bon Jovi
and Ratt, playing to 70,000 people. At a show in Oakland, California, at the Day on the Green festival, the band played to a crowd of 60,000.[27] Master of Puppets
Master of Puppets
and Burton's death (1986–1987) Metallica's third studio album, Master of Puppets, was recorded at Sweet Silence Studios and was released in March 1986. The album reached number 29 on the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
and spent 72 weeks on the chart.[29] It was the band's first album to be certified gold on November 4, 1986, and was certified six times platinum in 2003.[30] Steve Huey of AllMusic considered the album "the band's greatest achievement".[31] Following the release of the album, Metallica supported Ozzy Osbourne
Ozzy Osbourne
on a U.S. tour.[27] Hetfield broke his wrist while skateboarding; he continued with the tour, performing vocals, with guitar technician John Marshall playing rhythm guitar.[32] On September 27, 1986, during the European leg of Metallica's Damage, Inc. Tour, members drew cards to determine which bunks on the tour bus they would sleep in. Burton won and chose to sleep in Hammett's bunk. At around sunrise near Dörarp, Sweden, the bus driver lost control and skidded, which caused the bus to overturn several times. Ulrich, Hammett, and Hetfield sustained no serious injuries; however, bassist Burton was pinned under the bus and died. Hetfield said:

I saw the bus lying right on him. I saw his legs sticking out. I freaked. The bus driver, I recall, was trying to yank the blanket out from under him to use for other people. I just went, 'Don't fucking do that!' I already wanted to kill the [bus driver]. I don't know if he was drunk or if he hit some ice. All I knew was, he was driving and Cliff wasn't alive anymore.[32]

Jason Newsted
Jason Newsted
joined Metallica
Metallica
soon after Cliff Burton's death in 1986.

Burton's death left Metallica's future in doubt. The three remaining members decided Burton would want them to carry on, and with the Burton family's blessings the band sought a replacement.[33] Roughly 40 people, including Hammett's childhood friend, Les Claypool
Les Claypool
of Primus, Troy Gregory
Troy Gregory
of Prong, and Jason Newsted, formerly of Flotsam and Jetsam, auditioned for the band. Newsted
Newsted
learned Metallica's entire set list; after the audition Metallica
Metallica
invited him to Tommy's Joynt in San Francisco. Hetfield, Ulrich, and Hammett decided on Newsted
Newsted
as Burton's replacement; Newsted's first live performance with Metallica
Metallica
was at the Country Club in Reseda, California. The members initiated Newsted
Newsted
by tricking him into eating a ball of wasabi.[33] After Newsted
Newsted
joined Metallica, the band left its El Cerrito practice space—a suburban house formerly rented by sound engineer Mark Whitaker dubbed "the Metalli-mansion"—and relocated to the adjacent cities of Berkeley and Albany before eventually settling in the Marin County city of San Rafael, north of San Francisco.[34][35] Metallica
Metallica
finished its tour in the early months of 1987. In March 1987, Hetfield again broke his wrist while skateboarding, forcing the band to cancel an appearance on Saturday Night Live. In August 1987, an all-covers extended play (EP) titled The $5.98 E.P.: Garage Days Re-Revisited was released. The EP was recorded in an effort to use the band's newly constructed recording studio, test Newsted's talents, and to relieve grief and stress following the death of Burton. A video titled Cliff 'Em All commemorating Burton's three years in Metallica was released in 1987; the video included bass solos, home videos, and pictures.[36] ...And Justice for All and Metallica
Metallica
(1988–1993) Metallica's first studio album since Burton's death, ...And Justice for All, was released in 1988. The album was a commercial success, reaching number six on the Billboard 200, and was the band's first album to enter the top 10.[26] The album was certified platinum nine weeks after its release.[37] There were complaints about the production; Steve Huey of AllMusic said Ulrich's drums were clicking more than thudding, and the guitars "buzz thinly".[38] To promote the album, Metallica
Metallica
embarked on a tour called Damaged Justice.[39]

Metallica
Metallica
performing during its Damaged Justice
Damaged Justice
tour in 1988

In 1989, Metallica
Metallica
received its first Grammy Award
Grammy Award
nomination for ...And Justice for All in the new Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance Vocal or Instrument category. Metallica
Metallica
was the favorite to win but the award was given to Jethro Tull for the album Crest of a Knave.[40] The award was controversial with fans and the press; Metallica
Metallica
was standing off-stage waiting to receive the award after performing the song "One". Jethro Tull had been advised by its manager not to attend the ceremony because he was expecting Metallica
Metallica
to win.[40] The award was named in Entertainment Weekly's "Grammy's 10 Biggest Upsets".[41] Following the release of ...And Justice for All, Metallica
Metallica
released its debut music video for the song "One", which the band performed in an abandoned warehouse. The footage was remixed with the film Johnny Got His Gun. Rather than organize an ongoing licensing deal, Metallica purchased the rights to the film. The remixed video was submitted to MTV
MTV
with an alternative, performance-only version that was held back in case MTV
MTV
banned the remixed version. MTV
MTV
accepted the remixed version; the video was viewers' first exposure to Metallica. In 1999, it was voted number 38 in MTV's "Top 100 Videos of All Time" countdown;[42] it was featured in the network's 25th Anniversary edition of ADD Video, which showcased the most popular videos on MTV in the last 25 years.[43] In October 1990, Metallica
Metallica
entered One on One Recording's studio in North Hollywood
Hollywood
to record its next album. Bob Rock, who had worked with Aerosmith, The Cult, Bon Jovi, and Mötley Crüe, was hired as the producer. Metallica—also known as The Black Album—was remixed three times, cost US$1 million, and ended three marriages.[44] Although the release was delayed until 1991, Metallica
Metallica
debuted at number one in ten countries, selling 650,000 units in the U.S. during its first week.[45] The album brought Metallica
Metallica
mainstream attention; it has been certified 16 times platinum in the U.S., which makes it the 25th-best-selling album in the country.[46] The making of Metallica
Metallica
and the following tour was documented in A Year and a Half in the Life of Metallica. The tour in support of the album, called the Wherever We May Roam Tour, lasted 14 months and included dates in the U.S., Japan, and the UK.[44] In April 1992, Metallica
Metallica
appeared at The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert and performed a three-song set.[47] Hetfield later performed "Stone Cold Crazy" with the remaining members of Queen and Tony Iommi.[47] On August 8, 1992, during the co-headlining Guns N' Roses/Metallica Stadium Tour, Hetfield suffered second and third degree burns to his arms, face, hands, and legs. There had been some confusion with the new pyrotechnics setup, which resulted in Hetfield walking into a 12-foot (3.7 m) flame during "Fade to Black". Newsted
Newsted
said Hetfield's skin was "bubbling like on The Toxic Avenger".[48] Metallica
Metallica
returned to the stage 17 days later with guitar technician and Metal Church
Metal Church
member John Marshall replacing Hetfield on guitar for the remainder of the tour, although Hetfield was able to sing. Later in 1993, Metallica
Metallica
went on the Nowhere Else to Roam Tour, playing five shows in Mexico City. Live Shit: Binge & Purge, the band's first box set, was released in November 1993. The collection contained three live CDs, three home videos, and a book filled with riders and letters.[48] Load, Reload, Garage Inc.
Garage Inc.
and S&M (1994–1999) After almost three years of touring to promote the album Metallica, including a headlining performance at Woodstock '94, Metallica returned to the studio to write and record its sixth studio album. The band went on a brief hiatus in the summer of 1995 and played three outdoor shows that included headlining at Donington Park, where it was supported by Slayer, Skid Row, Slash's Snakepit, Therapy?, and Corrosion of Conformity. The short tour was titled Escape from the Studio '95. The band spent about a year writing and recording new songs, resulting in the release of Load in 1996. Load debuted at number one on the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
and ARIA Charts; it was the band's second number one album.[26] The cover art of Load, called Blood and Semen III, was created by Andres Serrano, who pressed a mixture of his own semen and blood between sheets of plexiglass.[49] The release marked a change in the band's musical direction and a new image; band members' hair was cut. Metallica
Metallica
headlined the alternative rock festival Lollapalooza
Lollapalooza
festival in mid-1996.[50][51]

James Hetfield
James Hetfield
performing with the band during its Load tour in 1996

During early production of the album, the band had recorded enough material to fill a double album. It was decided that half of the songs were to be released; the band would continue to work on the remaining songs and release them the following year. This resulted in the follow-up album, Reload. The cover art was again created by Serrano, this time using a mixture of blood and urine.[49] Reload debuted at number one on the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
and reached number two on the Top Canadian Album chart.[26] Hetfield said in the 2004 documentary film Some Kind of Monster that the band initially thought some of the songs on these albums were of average quality; these were "polished and reworked" until judged to be releasable.[52] To promote Reload, Metallica
Metallica
performed "Fuel" and "The Memory Remains" with Marianne Faithfull on NBC's Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
in December 1997.[53] In 1998, Metallica
Metallica
compiled a double album of cover songs titled Garage Inc.
Garage Inc.
The first disc contained newly recorded covers of songs by Diamond Head, Killing Joke, the Misfits, Thin Lizzy, Mercyful Fate, Black Sabbath, and others. The second disc featured the original version of The $5.98 E.P.: Garage Days Re-Revisited, which had become a scarce collectors' item. The album entered the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
at number two.[53][54] On April 21 and 22, 1999, Metallica
Metallica
recorded two performances with the San Francisco Symphony
San Francisco Symphony
conducted by Michael Kamen, who had previously worked with producer Rock on "Nothing Else Matters". Kamen approached Metallica
Metallica
in 1991 with the idea of pairing the band's music with a symphony orchestra. Kamen and his staff of over 100 composed additional orchestral material for Metallica
Metallica
songs. Metallica
Metallica
wrote two new Kamen-scored songs for the event, "No Leaf Clover" and "-Human". The audio recording and concert footage were released in 1999 as the album and concert film S&M. It entered the Billboard 200 at number two, and the Australian ARIA charts and Top Internet Albums chart at number one.[26] Napster
Napster
controversy, Newsted's departure and St. Anger
St. Anger
(2000–2005) Main article: Metallica
Metallica
v. Napster, Inc. In 2000, Metallica
Metallica
discovered that a demo of its song "I Disappear", which was supposed to be released in combination with the Mission: Impossible II soundtrack, was receiving radio airplay. Tracing the source of the leak, the band found the file on the Napster peer-to-peer file-sharing network, and also found that the band's entire catalogue was freely available.[55] Legal action was initiated against Napster; Metallica
Metallica
filed a lawsuit at the U.S. District Court, Central District of California, alleging that Napster
Napster
violated three areas of the law: copyright infringement, unlawful use of digital audio interface device, and the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO).[56]

Lars Ulrich
Lars Ulrich
led the case against Napster
Napster
for Metallica.

Ulrich provided a statement to the Senate Judiciary Committee regarding copyright infringement on July 11, 2000.[55] Federal Judge Marilyn Hall Patel ordered the site to place a filter on the program within 72 hours or be shut down.[57] A settlement between Metallica and Napster
Napster
was reached when German media conglomerate Bertelsmann
Bertelsmann
BMG showed interest in purchasing the rights to Napster
Napster
for $94 million. Under the terms of settlement, Napster
Napster
agreed to block users who shared music by artists who do not want their music shared.[58] On June 3, 2002, Napster
Napster
filed for Chapter 11
Chapter 11
protection under U.S. bankruptcy laws. On September 3, 2002, an American bankruptcy judge blocked the sale of Napster
Napster
to Bertelsmann
Bertelsmann
and forced Napster
Napster
to liquidate its assets according to Chapter 7 of the U.S. bankruptcy laws.[59] At the 2000 MTV
MTV
Video Music Awards, Ulrich appeared with host Marlon Wayans in a skit that criticized the idea of using Napster
Napster
to share music. Marlon played a college student listening to Metallica's "I Disappear". Ulrich walked in and asked for an explanation. Ulrich responded to Wayans' excuse that using Napster
Napster
was just "sharing" by saying that Wayans' idea of sharing was "borrowing things that were not yours without asking". He called in the Metallica
Metallica
road crew, who proceeded to confiscate all of Wayans' belongings, leaving him almost naked in an empty room. Napster
Napster
creator Shawn Fanning
Shawn Fanning
responded later in the ceremony by presenting an award wearing a Metallica
Metallica
shirt, saying, "I borrowed this shirt from a friend. Maybe, if I like it, I'll buy one of my own." Ulrich was later booed on stage at the award show when he introduced the final musical act, Blink-182.[60][61] Newsted
Newsted
left Metallica
Metallica
on January 17, 2001, as plans were being made to enter the recording studio. He said he left the band for "private and personal reasons, and the physical damage I have done to myself over the years while playing the music that I love".[62] During a Playboy
Playboy
interview with Metallica, Newsted
Newsted
said he wanted to release an album with his side project, Echobrain. Hetfield was opposed to the idea and said, "When someone does a side project, it takes away from the strength of Metallica", and that a side project is "like cheating on your wife in a way".[50] Newsted
Newsted
said Hetfield had recorded vocals for a song used in the film South Park: Bigger, Longer & Uncut, and appeared on two Corrosion of Conformity
Corrosion of Conformity
albums. Hetfield replied, "My name isn't on those records. And I'm not out trying to sell them", and pondered questions such as, "Where would it end? Does he start touring with it? Does he sell shirts? Is it his band?"[50]

Robert Trujillo
Robert Trujillo
joined Metallica
Metallica
in 2003 during the recording of St. Anger.

In April 2001, filmmakers Joe Berlinger and Bruce Sinofsky began following Metallica
Metallica
to document the recording process of the band's next studio album. Over two years they recorded more than 1,000 hours of footage. On July 19, 2001, before preparations to enter the recording studio, Hetfield entered rehab to treat his "alcoholism and other addictions". All recording plans were put on hold and the band's future was in doubt.[63] Hetfield left rehab on December 4, 2001,[63] and the band returned to the recording studio on April 12, 2002. Hetfield was required to limit his work to four hours a day between noon and 4 pm, and to spend the rest of his time with his family.[52] The footage recorded by Berlinger and Sinofsky was compiled into the documentary Some Kind of Monster, which premiered at the Sundance Film Festival
Sundance Film Festival
in January 2004. In the documentary, Newsted
Newsted
said his former bandmates' decision to hire a therapist to help solve their problems which he felt they could have solved on their own was "really fucking lame and weak".[52] For the duration of the recording period, producer Bob Rock
Bob Rock
played bass on the album and in several live shows at which Metallica performed during that time.[52] Once the record was completed in early 2003, the band started to hold auditions for Newsted's permanent replacement. Bassists Pepper Keenan, Jeordie White, Scott Reeder, Eric Avery, Danny Lohner, and Chris Wyse—among others—auditioned for the role. After three months of auditions, Robert Trujillo, formerly of Suicidal Tendencies
Suicidal Tendencies
and Ozzy Osbourne's band, was chosen as the new bassist.[52] As Metallica
Metallica
moved on, Newsted
Newsted
joined Canadian thrash metal band Voivod in 2002, and was Trujillo's replacement in Osbourne's band during the 2003 Ozzfest
Ozzfest
tour, which included Voivod.[64]

Metallica
Metallica
performing during its Madly in Anger with the World Tour in 2004

In June 2003, Metallica's eighth studio album, St. Anger, debuted at number one on the Billboard 200, and drew mixed reactions from critics. Ulrich's "steely" sounding snare drum and the absence of guitar solos received particular criticism.[65] Kevin Forest Moreau of Shakingthrough.net said, "the guitars stumble in a monotone of mid-level, processed rattle; the drums don't propel as much as struggle to disguise an all-too-turgid pace; and the rage is both unfocused and leavened with too much narcissistic navel-gazing".[66] Brent DiCrescenzo of Pitchfork described it as "an utter mess".[67] However, Blender magazine called it the "grimiest and grimmest of the band's Bob Rock
Bob Rock
productions", and New York Magazine
New York Magazine
called it "utterly raw and rocking".[68] The title track, "St. Anger", won the Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance in 2004; it was used as the official theme song for WWE's SummerSlam 2003.[69] Before the band's set at the 2004 Download Festival, Ulrich was rushed to the hospital after having an anxiety seizure and was unable to perform.[70] Hetfield searched for last-minute volunteers to replace Ulrich. Slayer
Slayer
drummer Dave Lombardo
Dave Lombardo
and Slipknot drummer Joey Jordison volunteered. Lombardo performed "Battery" and "The Four Horsemen", Ulrich's drum technician Flemming Larsen performed "Fade to Black", and Jordison performed the remainder of the set.[71] Having toured for two years in support of St. Anger
St. Anger
on the Summer Sanitarium Tour 2003 and the Madly in Anger with the World Tour, with multi-platinum rock band Godsmack
Godsmack
in support, Metallica
Metallica
took a break from performing and spent most of 2005 with friends and family. The band opened for The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
at AT&T Park in San Francisco on November 13 and 15, 2005.[72] Death Magnetic, Lulu and Beyond Magnetic
Beyond Magnetic
(2006–2011) In December 2006, Metallica
Metallica
released a DVD titled The Videos 1989–2004, which sold 28,000 copies in its first week and entered the Billboard Top Videos chart at number three.[73] Metallica
Metallica
recorded a guitar-based interpretation of Ennio Morricone's "The Ecstasy of Gold" for a tribute album titled We All Love Ennio Morricone, which was released in February 2007. The track received a Grammy nomination at the 50th Grammy Awards
50th Grammy Awards
for the category "Best Rock Instrumental Performance".[74] A recording of "The Ecstasy of Gold" has been played to introduce Metallica's performances since the 1980s.[75] Earlier that year, Metallica
Metallica
announced on its official website that after 15 years, long-time producer Bob Rock
Bob Rock
would not be producing the band's next studio album. Instead, the band chose to work with producer Rick Rubin.[76] Metallica
Metallica
scheduled the release of Death Magnetic
Death Magnetic
as September 12, 2008, and the band filmed a music video for the album's first single, "The Day That Never Comes".

Kirk Hammett
Kirk Hammett
and James Hetfield
James Hetfield
performing with the band in London
London
in 2008

On September 2, 2008, a record store in France began selling copies of Death Magnetic
Death Magnetic
nearly two weeks before its scheduled worldwide release date,[77] which resulted in the album being made available on peer-to-peer clients. This prompted the band's UK distributor Vertigo Records to officially release the album on September 10, 2008. Rumors of Metallica
Metallica
or Warner Bros. taking legal action against the French retailer were unconfirmed, though drummer Lars Ulrich
Lars Ulrich
responded to the leak by saying, "...We're ten days from release. I mean, from here, we're golden. If this thing leaks all over the world today or tomorrow, happy days. Happy days. Trust me",[78] and, "By 2008 standards, that's a victory. If you'd told me six months ago that our record wouldn't leak until 10 days out, I would have signed up for that."[79] Death Magnetic
Death Magnetic
debuted at number one in the U.S. selling 490,000 units; Metallica
Metallica
became the first band to have five consecutive studio albums debut at number one in the history of the Billboard 200.[80] A week after its release, Death Magnetic
Death Magnetic
remained at number one on the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
and the European album chart; it also became the fastest selling album of 2008 in Australia.[81] Death Magnetic
Death Magnetic
remained at number one on the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
album chart for three consecutive weeks. Metallica
Metallica
was one of two artists whose album—the other being Jack Johnson's album Sleep Through the Static—remained on the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
for three consecutive weeks at number one in 2008. Death Magnetic
Death Magnetic
also remained at number one on Billboard's Hard Rock, Modern Rock/Alternative and Rock album charts for five consecutive weeks. The album reached number one in 32 countries outside the U.S., including the UK, Canada, and Australia.[82][83] In November 2008, Metallica's record deal with Warner Bros. ended and the band considered releasing its next album through the internet.[84][85] On January 14, 2009, it was announced that Metallica
Metallica
would be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
on April 4, 2009,[86] and that former bassist Jason Newsted—who left the band in 2001—would perform with the band at the ceremony.[87] Initially, it was announced that the matter had been discussed and that bassist Trujillo had agreed not to play because he "wanted to see the Black Album band".[88] However, during the band's set of "Master of Puppets" and "Enter Sandman", both Trujillo and Newsted
Newsted
were on stage.[89] Ray Burton, father of the late Cliff Burton, accepted the honor on his behalf. Although he was not to be inducted with them, Metallica invited Dave Mustaine
Dave Mustaine
to take part in the induction ceremony. Mustaine declined because of his touring commitments in Europe.[90] Metallica, Slayer, Megadeth, and Anthrax performed on the same bill for the first time on June 16, 2010, at Warsaw
Warsaw
Babice Airport, Warsaw, as a part of the Sonisphere Festival
Sonisphere Festival
series. The show in Sofia, Bulgaria, on June 22, 2010, was broadcast via satellite to cinemas.[91] The bands also played concerts in Bucharest
Bucharest
on June 26, 2010, and Istanbul
Istanbul
on June 27, 2010. On June 28, 2010, Death Magnetic was certified double platinum by the RIAA.[92]

Metallica
Metallica
performing during its World Magnetic Tour
World Magnetic Tour
in 2009

Metallica's World Magnetic Tour
World Magnetic Tour
ended in Melbourne
Melbourne
on November 21, 2010. The band had been touring for over two years in support of Death Magnetic. To accompany the final tour dates in Australia and New Zealand, a live, limited edition EP of past performances in Australia called Six Feet Down Under
Six Feet Down Under
was released.[93] The EP was followed by Six Feet Down Under
Six Feet Down Under
(Part II), which was released on November 12, 2010.[94] Part 2 contains a further eight songs recorded during the first two Oceanic Legs of the World Magnetic Tour. On November 26, 2010, Metallica
Metallica
released a live EP titled Live at Grimey's, which was recorded in June 2008 at Grimey's Record Store, just before the band's appearance at Bonnaroo Music Festival
Bonnaroo Music Festival
that year.[95][96] In a June 2009 interview with Italy's Rock TV, Ulrich said Metallica was planning to continue touring until August 2010, and that there were no plans for a tenth album. He said he was sure the band would collaborate with producer Rick Rubin
Rick Rubin
again.[97] According to Blabbermouth.net, the band was considering recording its next album in the second half of 2011.[98] In November 2010, during an interview with The Pulse of Radio, Ulrich said Metallica
Metallica
would return to writing in 2011. Ulrich said, "There's a bunch of balls in the air for 2011, but I think the main one is we really want to get back to writing again. We haven't really written since, what, '06, '07, and we want to get back to kind of just being creative again. Right now we are going to just chill out and then probably start up again in, I'd say, March or April, and start probably putting the creative cap back on and start writing some songs."[99] In an interview at the April 2011 Big Four concert, Robert Trujillo said Metallica
Metallica
will work with Rick Rubin
Rick Rubin
again as producer for the new album and were "really excited to write some new music. There's no shortage of riffage in Metallica
Metallica
world right now." He added, "The first album with Rick was also the first album for me, so in a lot of ways, you're kind of testing the water. Now that we're comfortable with Rick and his incredible engineer, Greg Fidelman, who worked with Slayer, actually, on this last record—it's my hero—it's a great team. And it's only gonna better; I really believe that. So I'm super-excited."[100] In June 2011, Rubin said Metallica
Metallica
had begun writing its new album.[101] On November 9, 2010, Metallica
Metallica
announced it would be headlining the Rock in Rio
Rock in Rio
festival in Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
on September 25, 2011.[102][103] On December 13, 2010, the band announced it would again play as part of the "big four" during the Sonisphere Festival
Sonisphere Festival
at Knebworth House, Hertfordshire, on July 8, 2011. It was the first time all of the "big four" members played on the same stage in the UK.[104] On December 17, 2010, Another "big four" Sonisphere performance that would take place in France on July 9 was announced.[105] On January 25, 2011, another "big four" performance on April 23, 2011, at the Empire Polo Club in Indio, California, was announced. It was the first time all of the "big four" members played on the same stage in the U.S.[106] On February 17, 2011, a show in Gelsenkirchen, Germany, on July 2, 2011, was announced.[107] On February 22, a "big four" show in Milan
Milan
on July 6, 2011, was announced.[108] On March 2, 2011, another "big four" concert, which took place in Gothenburg
Gothenburg
on July 3, 2011, was announced.[109] The final "big four" concert was in New York City, at Yankee Stadium, on September 14, 2011.[110] On June 15, 2011, Metallica
Metallica
announced that recording sessions with singer-songwriter Lou Reed
Lou Reed
had concluded. The album, which was titled Lulu, was recorded over several months and comprised ten songs[111] based on Frank Wedekind's "Lulu" plays Earth Spirit and Pandora's Box.[112] The album was released on October 31, 2011. The recording of the album was problematic at times; Lars Ulrich
Lars Ulrich
later said Lou Reed challenged him to a "street fight".[113] On October 16, 2011, Robert Trujillo confirmed that the band was back in the studio and writing new material. He said, "The writing process for the new Metallica album has begun. We've been in the studio with Rick Rubin, working on a couple of things, and we're going to be recording during the most of next year."[114]

Metallica
Metallica
performing in Bangalore, India
India
in 2011

Metallica
Metallica
was due to make its first appearance in India
India
at the "India Rocks" concert, supporting the 2011 Indian Grand Prix.[115] However, the concert was canceled when the venue was proven to be unsafe.[116] Fans raided the stage during the event and the organizers were later arrested for fraud.[117] Metallica
Metallica
made its Indian debut in Bangalore on October 30, 2011.[118][119] On November 10, it was announced that Metallica
Metallica
would headline the main stage on Saturday June 9, 2012, at the Download Festival
Download Festival
at Donington Park
Donington Park
and that the band would play The Black Album in its entirety.[120] Metallica
Metallica
celebrated its 30th anniversary by playing four shows at the Fillmore in San Francisco in December 2011. The shows were exclusive to Met Club members and tickets were charged at $6 each or $19.81 for all four nights. The shows consisted of songs from the band's career and featured guest appearances by artists who had either helped or had influenced Metallica. These shows were notable because Lloyd Grant, Dave Mustaine, Jason Newsted, Glenn Danzig, Ozzy Osbourne, Jerry Cantrell, Apocalyptica, members of Diamond Head, and King Diamond
King Diamond
joined Metallica
Metallica
on stage for all appropriate songs.[121][122] In December 2011, Metallica
Metallica
began releasing songs that were written for Death Magnetic but were not included on the album online.[123] On December 13, 2011, the band released Beyond Magnetic, a digital EP release exclusively on iTunes.[124] It was released on CD in January 2012.[125] Metallica: Through the Never and Hardwired... to Self-Destruct (2012–present) On February 7, 2012, Metallica
Metallica
announced that it would start a new music festival called Orion Music + More, which took place on June 23 and 24, 2012, in Atlantic City. Metallica
Metallica
also confirmed that it would headline the festival on both days and would perform two of its most critically acclaimed albums in their entirety: The Black Album on one night, and Ride the Lightning
Ride the Lightning
on the other.[126] In a July 2012 interview with Canadian radio station 99.3 The Fox, Ulrich said Metallica
Metallica
would not release its new album until at least early 2014.[127] In November 2012, Metallica
Metallica
left Warner Bros. Records
Warner Bros. Records
and launched an independent record label, Blackened Recordings, which will produce the band's future releases.[128][129] The band has acquired the rights to all of its studio albums, which will be reissued through the new label. Blackened releases will be licensed through Warner subsidiary Rhino Entertainment
Rhino Entertainment
in North America and internationally through Universal Music.[130][131] On September 20, 2012, Metallica announced via its official website that a new DVD containing footage of shows it performed in Quebec in 2009 would be released that December; fans would get the chance to vote for two setlists that would appear on the DVD.[132] The film, titled Quebec Magnetic, was released in the U.S. on December 10, 2012.[133] In an interview with Classic Rock on January 8, 2013, Ulrich said regarding the band's upcoming album, "What we're doing now certainly sounds like a continuation [of Death Magnetic]". He also said, "I love Rick [Rubin]. We all love Rick. We're in touch with Rick constantly. We'll see where it goes. It would stun me if the record came out in 2013."[134] Also in 2013, the band starred in a 3D concert film titled Metallica: Through the Never, which was directed by Antal Nimród
Antal Nimród
and was released in IMAX
IMAX
theaters on September 27.[135] In an interview dated July 22, 2013, Ulrich told Ultimate Guitar, "2014 will be all about making a new Metallica
Metallica
record"; he said the album will most likely be released during 2015.[136] Kirk Hammett
Kirk Hammett
and Robert Trujillo later confirmed the band's intention to enter the studio.[137] At the second Orion Music + More festival held in Detroit, the band played under the name "Dehaan"—a reference to actor Dane DeHaan, who starred in Metallica: Through the Never.[138] The band performed its debut album Kill 'Em All
Kill 'Em All
in its entirety, celebrating the 30th anniversary of its release.[139] On December 8, 2013, the band played a show called "Freeze 'Em All" in Antarctica, becoming the first band to play on all seven continents.[140] The performance was filmed and released as a live album the same month.[141]

Metallica
Metallica
performing during the Sonisphere Festival
Sonisphere Festival
in 2014

At the 56th Annual Grammy Awards
56th Annual Grammy Awards
in January 2014, Metallica
Metallica
performed "One" with Chinese pianist Lang Lang.[142] In March 2014, Metallica began a tour called " Metallica
Metallica
By Request", in which fans request songs for the band to perform.[143] A new song, titled "Lords of Summer" was written for the concerts and released as a "first take" demo in June 2014.[144] In June 2014, the band headlined the Glastonbury Festival
Glastonbury Festival
in an attempt to attract new fans. Ulrich said, "We have one shot, you never know if you'll be invited back".[145] In November 2014, Metallica
Metallica
performed at the closing ceremony of BlizzCon 2014.[146] In January 2015, Metallica
Metallica
announced a " Metallica
Metallica
Night" with the San Jose Sharks, which featured a Q&A session with the band and a charity auction benefiting the San Francisco Bay Chapter of the Sierra Club, but no performances.[147] They were announced to headline Lollapalooza
Lollapalooza
in March 2015, returning to perform there for the first time in 20 years.[148] On May 2, 2015, Metallica
Metallica
performed their third annual Metallica
Metallica
Day at AT&T Park.[149] Metallica
Metallica
were also announced to play at X Games
X Games
for the first time at X Games
X Games
Austin 2015 in Austin, Texas.[150] On June 14, 2015, Hetfield and Hammett performed The Star-Spangled Banner
The Star-Spangled Banner
live via electric guitars prior to game 5 of the NBA Finals between the Cleveland Cavaliers and Golden State Warriors at Oracle Arena
Oracle Arena
in Oakland, California.[151][152][153] In late October, the band unveiled a new website with an introduction from Ulrich containing footage from the studio of the band working on new material.[154] On November 2, Metallica
Metallica
were announced to play "The Night Before" Super Bowl 50
Super Bowl 50
at AT&T Park.[155] Metallica announced they would be opening the U.S. Bank Stadium
U.S. Bank Stadium
on August 20, 2016, with Avenged Sevenfold
Avenged Sevenfold
and Volbeat
Volbeat
as support.

Metallica
Metallica
in London
London
in October 2017

In April 2016, during the week leading up to Record Store Day, for which the band was its ambassador for 2016, Ulrich told Billboard that the band's expanded role within the music industry had played a part in the amount of time that it had taken to write and record the album. "The way we do things now is very different than the way we did things back in the days of Kill 'Em All
Kill 'Em All
and Ride the Lightning. Nowadays we like to do so many different things." Ulrich was also optimistic that production of the album had almost reached its completion. "Unless something radical happens it would be difficult for me to believe that it won't come out in 2016".[156] On August 18, 2016, the band announced via their website that their tenth studio album, Hardwired... to Self-Destruct, would be released worldwide on November 18, 2016, via their independent label, Blackened Recordings. They also unveiled the track listing, album artwork, and released a music video for the album's first single, "Hardwired".[157] The album was released as scheduled[158] and debuted at number one on the Billboard 200.[159] Metallica
Metallica
announced they would be touring the US in summer of 2017 for the WorldWired Tour. The stadium tour also includes Avenged Sevenfold, Volbeat
Volbeat
and Gojira as supporting acts.[160] On August 7, 2017, Metallica
Metallica
was invited by the San Francisco Giants
San Francisco Giants
again for the fifth annual " Metallica
Metallica
Night" with Hammett and Hetfield performing the national anthem.[161] In January 2018, the band announced that they would be reissuing The $5.98 E.P.: Garage Days Re-Revisited on April 13 for Record Store Day,[162] and the sixth annual " Metallica
Metallica
Night" was also announced a few weeks later, this time in April, with all proceeds going to the All Within My Hands Foundation, which the band created in late 2017.[163] In February 2018, the band announced a second set of North American tour dates, most of which for cities that they had not visited in up to thirty years.[164] Style and lyrical themes

"Damage Inc." (1986)

"Damage Inc." (Master of Puppets), demonstrating Metallica's fast tempo, and aggressive musicianship featured in early releases

"Sad but True" (1991)

"Sad but True" (Metallica); Robert Palmer of Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
believed the band abandoned fast tempos to expand its music and expressive range in 1991

"Purify" (2003)

"Purify" (St. Anger), demonstrating Metallica's new musical approach with no guitar solos, a "raw, unpolished" sound, and Ulrich's snare drum

Problems playing these files? See media help.

Metallica
Metallica
was influenced by early heavy metal and hard rock bands and artists Black Sabbath, Deep Purple, Kiss, Led Zeppelin, Queen, Ted Nugent, AC/DC, Rush, Aerosmith, Judas Priest, and Scorpions.[165] New wave of British heavy metal bands Venom, Motörhead, Saxon, Diamond Head, Blitzkrieg, and Iron Maiden, and early punk rock bands Ramones, Sex Pistols, and the Misfits also influenced Metallica's style as did post-punk band Killing Joke.[166] The band's early releases contained fast tempos, harmonized leads, and nine-minute instrumental tracks. Steve Huey of AllMusic said Ride the Lightning
Ride the Lightning
featured "extended, progressive epics; tight, concise groove-rockers".[167] Huey said Metallica
Metallica
expanded its compositional technique and range of expression to take on a more aggressive approach in following releases, and lyrics dealt with personal and socially conscious issues.[167] Religious and military leaders, rage, insanity, monsters, and drugs—among other themes—were explored on Master of Puppets.[168] In 1991, Huey said Metallica
Metallica
with new producer Bob Rock
Bob Rock
simplified and streamlined its music for a more commercial approach to appeal to mainstream audiences.[169] Robert Palmer of Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
said the band abandoned its aggressive, fast tempos to expand its music and expressive range.[170] The change in direction proved commercially successful; Metallica
Metallica
was the band's first album to peak at number one on the Billboard 200. Metallica
Metallica
noticed changes to the rock scene created by the grunge movement of the early 1990s. In Load—an album that has been described as having "an almost alternative rock" approach—the band changed musical direction and focused on non-metal influences.[171] Metallica's new lyrical approach moved away from drugs and monsters, and focused on anger, loss, and retribution. Some fans and critics were not pleased with this change, which included haircuts, the cover art of Load, and headlining the Lollapalooza festival of 1996.[51] David Fricke of Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
described the move as "goodbye to the moldy stricture and dead-end Puritanism of no-frills thrash", and called Load the heaviest record of 1996.[51] With the release of ReLoad in 1997, the band displayed blues and early hard rock influences, incorporating more rhythm and harmony in song structures.[171] St. Anger
St. Anger
marked another large change in the band's sound. Guitar solos were excluded from the album, leaving a "raw and unpolished sound".[68] The band used drop C tuning; Ulrich's snare drum received particular criticism. New York Magazine's Ethan Brown said it "reverberates with a thwong". The album's lyrics deal with Hetfield's drug rehabilitation and include references to the devil, anti-drug themes, claustrophobia, impending doom, and religious hypocrisy.[172][173] At the advice of producer Rick Rubin, for its ninth studio album Death Magnetic, the band returned to standard tuning and guitar solos.[174] As a return to Metallica's thrash roots, Death Magnetic
Death Magnetic
was a riff-oriented album featuring intense guitar solos and subtle lyrics dealing with suicide and redemption.[175] Legacy and influence Metallica
Metallica
has become one of the most influential heavy metal bands of all time, and is credited as one of the "big four" of thrash metal, along with Slayer, Anthrax, and Megadeth.[176] The band has sold more than 110 million records worldwide,[177] including an RIAA-certified 66 million and Nielsen SoundScan-reported 58,000,000 in the US, making Metallica
Metallica
one of the most commercially successful bands of all time.[178][179] The writers of The Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll said Metallica
Metallica
gave heavy metal "a much-needed charge".[180] Stephen Thomas Erlewine and Greg Prato of Allmusic said Metallica
Metallica
"expanded the limits of thrash, using speed and volume not for their own sake, but to enhance their intricately structured compositions", and called the band "easily the best, most influential heavy metal band of the '80s, responsible for bringing the music back to Earth".[181] Jonathan Davis
Jonathan Davis
of Korn
Korn
said he respects Metallica
Metallica
as his favorite band; he said, "I love that they've done things their own way and they've persevered over the years and they're still relevant to this day. I think they're one of the greatest bands ever."[182] Godsmack drummer Shannon Larkin
Shannon Larkin
said Metallica
Metallica
has been the biggest influence on the band, stating, "they really changed my life when I was 16 years old—I'd never heard anything that heavy".[183] Vocalist and guitarist Robb Flynn
Robb Flynn
of Machine Head said that when creating the band's 2007 album, The Blackening, "What we mean is an album that has the power, influence and epic grandeur of that album Master of Puppets—and the staying power—a timeless record like that".[184] Trivium guitarists Corey Beaulieu
Corey Beaulieu
and Matt Heafy
Matt Heafy
said that when they heard Metallica
Metallica
they wanted to start playing guitar.[185][186] M. Shadows of Avenged Sevenfold
Avenged Sevenfold
said touring with Metallica
Metallica
was the band's career highlight, and said, "Selling tons of records and playing huge shows will never compare to meeting your idols Metallica".[187] God Forbid
God Forbid
guitarists Doc and Dallas Coyle were inspired by Metallica
Metallica
as they grew up, and the band's bassist John Outcalt admires Burton as a "rocker".[188] Ill Niño
Ill Niño
drummer Dave Chavarri said he finds early Metallica
Metallica
releases are "heavy, raw, rebellious. It said, 'fuck you'",[189] and Adema
Adema
drummer Kris Kohls said the band is influenced by Metallica.[190] On April 4, 2009, Metallica
Metallica
were inducted into the Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame. They entered the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
the second year they were eligible and first year they were nominated. Metallica's induction into the Hall included its current lineup, James Hetfield, Kirk Hammett, Robert Trujillo, and Lars Ulrich, and former members Jason Newsted
Jason Newsted
and Cliff Burton.[191] MTV
MTV
ranked Metallica
Metallica
the third "Greatest Heavy Metal Band in History".[182] Metallica
Metallica
was ranked 42st on VH1's "100 Greatest Artists Of All Time",[192] was listed fifth on VH1's "100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock",[193] and the band was number one on VH1's "20 Greatest Metal Bands" list.[194] Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
placed the band 61st on its list of "The 100 Greatest Artists of All Time";[195] its albums Master of Puppets
Master of Puppets
and Metallica
Metallica
were ranked at numbers 167 and 252 respectively on the magazine's list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.[196] Master of Puppets
Master of Puppets
was named in Q Magazine's "50 Heaviest Albums of All Time",[197] and was ranked number one on IGN's "Top 25 Metal Albums",[198] and number one on Metal-rules.com's "Top 100 Heavy Metal Albums" list.[199] "Enter Sandman" was ranked number 399 on Rolling Stone's "500 Greatest Songs of All Time".[200] Kerrang! released a tribute album titled Master of Puppets: Remastered with the April 8, 2006, edition of the magazine to celebrate the 20th anniversary of Master of Puppets. The album featured cover versions of Metallica
Metallica
songs by Machine Head, Bullet for My Valentine, Chimaira, Mastodon, Mendeed, and Trivium—all of which are influenced by Metallica. At least 15 Metallica
Metallica
tribute albums have been released. On September 10, 2006, Metallica
Metallica
guest starred on The Simpsons' eighteenth-season premiere, "The Mook, the Chef, the Wife and Her Homer".[201] Hammett's and Hetfield's voices were used in three episodes of the animated television series Metalocalypse.[202] Finnish cello metal band Apocalyptica
Apocalyptica
released a tribute album titled Plays Metallica
Metallica
by Four Cellos, which features eight Metallica
Metallica
songs played on cellos. A parody band named Beatallica
Beatallica
plays music using a combination of The Beatles
The Beatles
and Metallica
Metallica
songs. Beatallica
Beatallica
faced legal troubles when Sony, which owns The Beatles' catalog, issued a cease and desist order, claiming "substantial and irreparable injury" and ordering the group to pay damages. Ulrich, a fan of Beatallica, asked Metallica's lawyer Peter Paterno to help settle the case.[203] On March 7, 1999, Metallica
Metallica
was inducted into the San Francisco Walk of Fame. The mayor of San Francisco, Willie Brown, proclaimed the day "Official Metallica
Metallica
Day".[204] The band was awarded the MTV
MTV
Icon award in 2003, and a concert paying tribute to the band with artists performing its songs was held. Performances included Sum 41
Sum 41
and a medley of "For Whom the Bell Tolls", "Enter Sandman", and "Master of Puppets". Staind
Staind
covered "Nothing Else Matters", Avril Lavigne
Avril Lavigne
played "Fuel", hip-hop artist Snoop Dogg
Snoop Dogg
performed "Sad but True", Korn played "One", and Limp Bizkit
Limp Bizkit
performed "Welcome Home (Sanitarium)".[205] The Guitar Hero
Guitar Hero
video game series included several of Metallica's songs. "One" was used in Guitar Hero
Guitar Hero
III. The album Death Magnetic
Death Magnetic
was later released as purchasable, downloadable content for the game. "Trapped Under Ice" was featured in the sequel, Guitar Hero
Guitar Hero
World Tour. In 2009, Metallica
Metallica
collaborated with the game's developers to make Guitar Hero: Metallica, which included a number of Metallica's songs. Harmonix' video game series Rock Band
Rock Band
included "Enter Sandman"; "Ride the Lightning", "Blackened", and "...And Justice for All" were released as downloadable tracks. In 2013, due to expiring content licenses, "Ride the Lightning", "Blackened", and "...And Justice for All" are no longer available for download.[206] Band members

Current members

James Hetfield
James Hetfield
– lead vocals, rhythm guitar (1981–present) Kirk Hammett
Kirk Hammett
– lead guitar, backing vocals (1983–present) Robert Trujillo
Robert Trujillo
– bass, backing vocals (2003–present) Lars Ulrich
Lars Ulrich
– drums, percussion (1981–present)

Former members

Dave Mustaine
Dave Mustaine
– lead guitar, backing vocals (1982–1983) Ron McGovney – bass, backing vocals (1982) Cliff Burton
Cliff Burton
– bass, backing vocals (1982–1986; died 1986) Jason Newsted
Jason Newsted
– bass, backing vocals (1986–2001)

Session/touring members

Bob Rock
Bob Rock
– bass, backing vocals (2001–2003)

Timeline

Awards and nominations Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Metallica Grammy Awards[207]

1990: Best Metal Performance – "One" 1991: Best Metal Performance – "Stone Cold Crazy" 1992: Best Metal Performance – Metallica 1999: Best Metal Performance – "Better than You" 2000: Best Hard Rock Performance – "Whiskey in the Jar" 2001: Best Rock Instrumental Performance – "The Call of Ktulu" 2004: Best Metal Performance – "St. Anger" 2009: Best Metal Performance – "My Apocalypse" 2009: Best Recording Package – Death Magnetic[208]

Discography Main article: Metallica
Metallica
discography

Kill 'Em All
Kill 'Em All
(1983) Ride the Lightning
Ride the Lightning
(1984) Master of Puppets
Master of Puppets
(1986) ...And Justice for All (1988) Metallica
Metallica
(1991) Load (1996) Reload (1997) St. Anger
St. Anger
(2003) Death Magnetic
Death Magnetic
(2008) Hardwired... to Self-Destruct
Hardwired... to Self-Destruct
(2016)

See also

Heavy metal portal Biography portal

List of artists who reached number one on the U.S. Mainstream Rock chart List of bands from the San Francisco Bay Area List of best-selling music artists List of heavy metal bands List of Metallica
Metallica
concert tours List of people from California List of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
inductees List of thrash metal bands

Notes ^ The 1988 re-issue of Kill 'Em All
Kill 'Em All
on Elektra Records
Elektra Records
also charted on the Billboard 200, peaking at number 120.[22] References

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Sources

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Chirazi, Steffan; Metallica
Metallica
(2004). So What!: The Good, The Mad, and The Ugly. Broadway Books. ISBN 0-7679-1881-9.  Christe, Ian (2003). Sound of the Beast: The Complete Headbanging History of Heavy Metal. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-380-81127-8.  Pillsbury, Glenn (2006). Damage Incorporated: Metallica
Metallica
and the Production of Musical Identity. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-97374-8. 

External links

Official website Metallica
Metallica
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Metallica
Metallica
discography at Discogs Metallica
Metallica
discography at MusicBrainz

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Metallica

James Hetfield Lars Ulrich Kirk Hammett Robert Trujillo

Jason Newsted Cliff Burton Dave Mustaine Ron McGovney

Studio albums

Kill 'Em All Ride the Lightning Master of Puppets ...And Justice for All Metallica Load Reload St. Anger Death Magnetic Hardwired... to Self-Destruct

Cover albums

Garage Inc.

Collaboration projects

Lulu

Extended plays

The $5.98 E.P.: Garage Days Re-Revisited Beyond Magnetic

Live albums

S&M Orgullo, Pasión, y Gloria: Tres Noches en la Ciudad de México Live at Grimey's The Big Four: Live from Sofia, Bulgaria Through the Never

Box sets

The Good, the Bad & the Live Live Shit: Binge & Purge Limited-Edition Vinyl Box Set The Metallica
Metallica
Collection

Singles

"Whiplash" "Jump in the Fire" "Creeping Death" "Master of Puppets" "Harvester of Sorrow" "Eye of the Beholder" "One" "Enter Sandman" "The Unforgiven" "Nothing Else Matters" "Wherever I May Roam" "Sad but True" "Until It Sleeps" "Hero of the Day" "Mama Said" "King Nothing" "The Memory Remains" "The Unforgiven II" "Fuel" "Turn the Page" "Whiskey in the Jar" "Die, Die My Darling" " Nothing Else Matters
Nothing Else Matters
'99" "No Leaf Clover" "I Disappear" "St. Anger" "Frantic" "The Unnamed Feeling" "Some Kind of Monster" "The Day That Never Comes" "All Nightmare Long" "Broken, Beat & Scarred" "The View" "Lords of Summer" "Hardwired" "Moth into Flame" "Atlas, Rise!" "Now That We're Dead" "Spit Out the Bone"

Promotional singles

"Fade to Black" "For Whom the Bell Tolls" "Don't Tread on Me" "Ain't My Bitch" "Bleeding Me" "Better than You" "My Apocalypse" "Cyanide" "The Judas Kiss"

Other songs

"Seek & Destroy" "Am I Evil?" "Blitzkrieg" "Breadfan" "The God That Failed" "Astronomy" "Tuesday's Gone" "Last Caress/Green Hell" "Stone Cold Crazy" "So What?" "Overkill" "The Unforgiven III"

Video albums

Cliff 'Em All 2 of One A Year and a Half in the Life of Metallica Cunning Stunts S&M The Videos 1989–2004 Français Pour une Nuit Orgullo, Pasión, y Gloria: Tres Noches en la Ciudad de México The Big Four: Live from Sofia, Bulgaria Quebec Magnetic Metallica
Metallica
Through the Never

Tours

Kill 'Em All
Kill 'Em All
Tour Ride the Lightning
Ride the Lightning
Tour Damage, Inc. Tour Monsters of Rock
Monsters of Rock
Tour 1987 Monsters of Rock
Monsters of Rock
Tour 1988 Damaged Justice
Damaged Justice
Tour Wherever We May Roam Tour Guns N' Roses/ Metallica
Metallica
Stadium Tour Nowhere Else to Roam Tour Shit Hits the Sheds Tour Poor Touring Me Poor Re-Touring Me Tour Garage Remains the Same Tour M2K Mini Tour Summer Sanitarium Tour Madly in Anger with the World Tour Escape from the Studio '06 Sick of the Studio '07 2008 European Vacation Tour World Magnetic Tour 2012 European Black Album Tour The Full Arsenal Tour By Request Tour Lords of Summer
Lords of Summer
Tour WorldWired Tour

Related articles

Awards Discography Demos Songs recorded Songs performed live Apocalyptica Beatallica Big Mick Orion Music + More Echobrain Exodus Flotsam and Jetsam Megadeth Newsted Metallica
Metallica
v. Napster, Inc. A Tribute to the Four Horsemen The Blackest Album: An Industrial Tribute to Metallica Johnny Got His Gun The Good, the Bad and the Ugly Damage Incorporated Guitar Hero: Metallica

Songs

So What!
So What!
(magazine) Metallic Assault: A Tribute to Metallica Metallic Attack: The Ultimate Tribute Metal Militia – A Tribute to Metallica Metallica: This Monster Lives Pianotarium Star Odyssey Hesher

Book Category

v t e

Laureates of the Polar Music Prize

1990s

Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
/ the Baltic states
Baltic states
(1992) Dizzy Gillespie
Dizzy Gillespie
/ Witold Lutosławski
Witold Lutosławski
(1993) Quincy Jones
Quincy Jones
/ Nikolaus Harnoncourt
Nikolaus Harnoncourt
(1994) Elton John
Elton John
/ Mstislav Rostropovich
Mstislav Rostropovich
(1995) Joni Mitchell
Joni Mitchell
/ Pierre Boulez
Pierre Boulez
(1996) Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
/ Eric Ericson
Eric Ericson
(1997) Ray Charles
Ray Charles
/ Ravi Shankar
Ravi Shankar
(1998) Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
/ Iannis Xenakis
Iannis Xenakis
(1999)

2000s

Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
/ Isaac Stern
Isaac Stern
(2000) Burt Bacharach
Burt Bacharach
/ Robert Moog
Robert Moog
/ Karlheinz Stockhausen
Karlheinz Stockhausen
(2001) Miriam Makeba
Miriam Makeba
/ Sofia Gubaidulina
Sofia Gubaidulina
(2002) Keith Jarrett
Keith Jarrett
(2003) B.B. King
B.B. King
/ György Ligeti
György Ligeti
(2004) Gilberto Gil
Gilberto Gil
/ Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
(2005) Led Zeppelin
Led Zeppelin
/ Valery Gergiev
Valery Gergiev
(2006) Sonny Rollins
Sonny Rollins
/ Steve Reich
Steve Reich
(2007) Pink Floyd
Pink Floyd
/ Renée Fleming
Renée Fleming
(2008) Peter Gabriel
Peter Gabriel
/ José Antonio Abreu
José Antonio Abreu
/ El Sistema (2009)

2010s

Björk
Björk
/ Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2010) Kronos Quartet
Kronos Quartet
/ Patti Smith
Patti Smith
(2011) Paul Simon
Paul Simon
/ Yo-Yo Ma
Yo-Yo Ma
(2012) Youssou N'Dour
Youssou N'Dour
/ Kaija Saariaho
Kaija Saariaho
(2013) Chuck Berry
Chuck Berry
/ Peter Sellars
Peter Sellars
(2014) Emmylou Harris
Emmylou Harris
/ Evelyn Glennie
Evelyn Glennie
(2015) Max Martin
Max Martin
/ Cecilia Bartoli
Cecilia Bartoli
(2016) Sting / Wayne Shorter
Wayne Shorter
(2017) Metallica
Metallica
/ Afghanistan National Institute of Music (2018)

v t e

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Class of 2009

Performers

Jeff Beck Little Anthony and the Imperials Metallica Run–D.M.C. Bobby Womack

Early influences

Wanda Jackson

Sidemen

Bill Black D. J. Fontana Spooner Oldham

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 146525215 LCCN: n91114928 ISNI: 0000 0001 2293 9631 GND: 2126186-6 SELIBR: 294156 SUDOC: 035728396 BNF: cb13904963g (data) MusicBrainz: 65f4f0c5-ef9e-490c

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