Metaknowledge or meta-knowledge is knowledge about a preselected knowledge. For the reason of different definitions of knowledge in the subject matter literature, meta-information may or may not be included in meta-knowledge. Detailed cognitive, systemic and epistemic study of human knowledge requires a distinguishing of these concepts. Meta-knowledge is a fundamental conceptual instrument in such research and scientific domains as, knowledge engineering, knowledge management, and others dealing with study and operations on knowledge, seen as a unified object/entities, abstracted from local conceptualizations and terminologies. Examples of the first-level individual meta-knowledge are methods of planning, modeling, tagging, learning and every modification of a domain knowledge. Indeed, universal meta-knowledge frameworks have to be valid for the organization of meta-levels of individual meta-knowledge. Metaknowledge may be automatically harvested from electronic publication archives, to reveal patterns in research, relationships between researchers and institutions and to identify contradictory results. See also
Epistemic logic Macropædia Metalearning Metaprogramming (in computer science) Metahistory (concept) Metahistory, a book by Hayden White Meta-philosophy Meta-epistemology Metalogic Metamathematics Metaphysics Meta-ethics Meta-ontology Metatheory Metadata
^ James A. Evans, et al. 2011. Metaknowledge. Science 331, 721.
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