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META-ETHNICITY is a relatively recent term (or neologism ) that arises occasionally in academic literature or public discourse on ethnic studies . It describes a level of commonality that is wider ("meta- ") and more general (i.e., might differ on specifics) than ethnicity , but does not necessarily correspond to (and may actually transcend) nation or nationality .

An early use—possibly the first published in English—was an article in a 1984 USSR Academy of Sciences
USSR Academy of Sciences
publication discussing identity in Asia
Asia
and Africa
Africa
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Examples of use * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links

EXAMPLES OF USE

Some other examples:

* "Against this dominant view of the nature of the Indian state, Singh argues that India
India
should be seen as an 'ethnic democracy ' in which Hinduism
Hinduism
works as a meta-ethnicity and in which hegemonic control is exercised over ethnic minorities , particularly those living in the peripheral regions." * "We also know that demographically by the year 2050 less than one in two Americans will be a white Euro-American . There has even been talk of a kind of meta-ethnicity or post-ethnicity. That is to say that intermarriage , mix, birth-rate , etc. will lead to not one, nor two or even three ethnicities feeding into people's make-up, but many more." * "L. Byzov, however, believes that 'there has taken place within the Russian national consciousness one of the most radical changes ever: from a meta-ethnic sense of identity to a strictly ethnic identity' (Byzov 1996, 45)." * "Geoffrey Fox, on the other hand, argues that ' Hispanic ', with its emphasis on Spanish-language heritage as the foundation of meta-ethnicity, has no implied racial or class agendas and is simply preferred by most immigrants from Latin America
Latin America
." ... "Furthermore, these split-level processes of identity formation —the forging of ethnicity and meta-ethnicity—take place in regional contexts of unequal ethnic control over media and symbol systems ." * Peter Turchin
Peter Turchin
introduces the concept "metaethnic frontier theory" in his 2003 book, Historical Dynamics: Why States Rise and Fall * "At the beginning of the new century, Chinese people
Chinese people
are living the construction of a metaethnicity of multiple identities."

SEE ALSO

* Multiethnic society
Multiethnic society
* Panethnicity

REFERENCES

* ^ Brook, Solomon, and Nikolai Cheboksarov. 1984. "Metaethnic Identities in Asia
Asia
and Africa." In Ethnocultural Development of African Countries. Moscow: USSR Academy of Sciences. Pp. 49-73. * ^ Jodhka, Surinder S. 2001. "New Perspectives on Sikh Studies: A review of Sikh Religion, Culture and Ethnicity edited by Christopher Shackle, Gurharpal Singh, and Arvind-Pal Mandair (Curzon Press; December 15, 2000)" The Tribune Sep. 30, 2001 * ^ Williams, Nicholas. n.d. "Talking Multiculture: An Interview with A. Robert Lee." * ^ Agadjanian, Alexander. 2001. "Religious pluralism and national identity in Russia." MOST Journal on Multicultural Societies, Vol. 2, No. 2 (note 19) * ^ Davis, Mike. 1999. "Magical Urbanism: Latinos Reinvent the US Big City." New Left Review I/234, March-April 1999 * ^ Turchin, Peter. 2003. Historical Dynamics: Why States Rise and Fall. Princeton University Press. * ^ Hussain, Imtiaz. 2004. Tyranny of soft touches: interculturalism, multiculturalism, and 21st century international relations. Universidad

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