META-ETHNICITY is a relatively recent term (or neologism ) that
arises occasionally in academic literature or public discourse on
ethnic studies . It describes a level of commonality that is wider
("meta- ") and more general (i.e., might differ on specifics) than
ethnicity , but does not necessarily correspond to (and may actually
transcend) nation or nationality .
An early use—possibly the first published in English—was an
article in a 1984
USSR Academy of Sciences
USSR Academy of Sciences publication discussing
* 1 Examples of use
* 2 See also
* 3 References
* 4 External links
EXAMPLES OF USE
Some other examples:
* "Against this dominant view of the nature of the Indian state,
Singh argues that
India should be seen as an 'ethnic democracy ' in
Hinduism works as a meta-ethnicity and in which hegemonic
control is exercised over ethnic minorities , particularly those
living in the peripheral regions."
* "We also know that demographically by the year 2050 less than one
in two Americans will be a white Euro-American . There has even been
talk of a kind of meta-ethnicity or post-ethnicity. That is to say
that intermarriage , mix, birth-rate , etc. will lead to not one, nor
two or even three ethnicities feeding into people's make-up, but many
* "L. Byzov, however, believes that 'there has taken place within
the Russian national consciousness one of the most radical changes
ever: from a meta-ethnic sense of identity to a strictly ethnic
identity' (Byzov 1996, 45)."
* "Geoffrey Fox, on the other hand, argues that '
Hispanic ', with
its emphasis on Spanish-language heritage as the foundation of
meta-ethnicity, has no implied racial or class agendas and is simply
preferred by most immigrants from
Latin America ." ... "Furthermore,
these split-level processes of identity formation —the forging of
ethnicity and meta-ethnicity—take place in regional contexts of
unequal ethnic control over media and symbol systems ."
Peter Turchin introduces the concept "metaethnic frontier theory"
in his 2003 book, Historical Dynamics: Why States Rise and Fall
* "At the beginning of the new century,
Chinese people are living
the construction of a metaethnicity of multiple identities."
* ^ Brook, Solomon, and Nikolai Cheboksarov. 1984. "Metaethnic
Asia and Africa." In Ethnocultural Development of
African Countries. Moscow: USSR Academy of Sciences. Pp. 49-73.
* ^ Jodhka, Surinder S. 2001. "New Perspectives on Sikh Studies: A
review of Sikh Religion, Culture and Ethnicity edited by Christopher
Shackle, Gurharpal Singh, and Arvind-Pal Mandair (Curzon Press;
December 15, 2000)" The Tribune Sep. 30, 2001
* ^ Williams, Nicholas. n.d. "Talking Multiculture: An Interview
with A. Robert Lee."
* ^ Agadjanian, Alexander. 2001. "Religious pluralism and national
identity in Russia." MOST Journal on Multicultural Societies, Vol. 2,
No. 2 (note 19)
* ^ Davis, Mike. 1999. "Magical Urbanism: Latinos Reinvent the US
Big City." New Left Review I/234, March-April 1999
* ^ Turchin, Peter. 2003. Historical Dynamics: Why States Rise and
Fall. Princeton University Press.
* ^ Hussain, Imtiaz. 2004. Tyranny of soft touches:
interculturalism, multiculturalism, and 21st century international