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The Info List - Merry Men


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The MERRY MEN are the group of outlaws who follow Robin Hood
Robin Hood
in English literature and folklore. The band appears in the earliest ballads about Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and remain popular in modern adaptations.

HISTORY

The early ballads give specific names to only three companions: Little John
Little John
, Much the Miller\'s Son , and William Scarlock or Scathelock, the Will Scarlet of later traditions. Joining them are between 20 and "seven score " (140) outlawed yeomen . The most prominent of the Merry Men is Robin's second-in-command, Little John. He appears in the earliest ballads, and is mentioned in even earlier sources, such as Andrew of Wyntoun 's _Orygynale Chronicle_ of around 1420 and Walter Bower 's expansion of the _ Scotichronicon _, completed around 1440. Later ballads name additional Merry Men, some of whom appear in only one or two ballads, while others, like the minstrel Alan-a-Dale and the jovial Friar Tuck , became fully attached to the legend. Several of the Robin Hood
Robin Hood
ballads tell the story of how individual Merry Men join the group; this is frequently accomplished by defeating Robin in a duel.

The phrase "merry man" was originally a generic term for any follower or companion of an outlaw, knight, or similar leader. Robin's band are called "mery men" in the oldest known Robin Hood
Robin Hood
ballad, "Robin Hood and the Monk ", which survives in a manuscript completed around 1450.

KNOWN MERRY MEN

* Little John
Little John
– Robin's lieutenant. Later stories depict him as a huge man who joins the band after fighting Robin with quarterstaves over a river. * Much the Miller\'s Son – A grown man and a seasoned fighter in the early ballads, later stories depict him as one of the youngest of the Merry Men. As his name suggests, he is the son of Much the Miller . * Will Scarlet – Another very early companion, appearing in ballads like " A Gest of Robyn Hode ". In " Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Newly Revived " he is a skilled swordsman and Robin's nephew. * Arthur a Bland – He appears in only one ballad, " Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Tanner ". He is an accused poacher who bests Robin in a fight and joins the band. * David of Doncaster – He appears in only " Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Golden Arrow ". He warns Robin against going to the Sheriff of Nottingham
Nottingham
's archery contest, because it is a trap. In his novel _The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_, Howard Pyle identifies David with the anonymous wrestler of "A Gest of Robyn Hode". * Will Stutely – He appears in two ballads, " Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and Little John " and " Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Rescuing Will Stutely ". In the former, he gives Little John
Little John
his outlaw name; in the latter, he must be rescued after he is caught spying by the Sheriff of Nottingham. He is occasionally confused with Will Scarlet. * Friar Tuck – The resident clergyman of the band. Tuck developed separately from the Robin Hood
Robin Hood
tradition; similar characters appear in 15th- and 16th-century plays, and an early 15th-century outlaw used the alias Friar Tuck. A fighting friar appears in the ballad "Robin Hood and the Curtal Friar ", though he is not named. Robin and the friar engage in a battle of wits, which at one point involves the holy man carrying the outlaw across a river, only to toss him in. In the end, the friar joins the Merry Men. Later stories portray Tuck as more ale-loving and jovial than belligerent. * Alan-a-Dale – A roving minstrel . He appears in the later ballad " Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and Allan-a-Dale ", in which Robin helps him rescue his sweetheart, who is being forced into marriage with another man. Despite his relatively late appearance, he became a popular character in later versions. * Maid Marian – Robin Hood's romantic interest. Marian developed separately from the Robin Hood
Robin Hood
tradition; the medieval French play _ Jeu de Robin et Marion _ tells the story of the shepherdess Marian and the knight Robin, and is unrelated to Robin Hood. The medieval archetype of Marian became associated with English and Scottish May Day festivities, and was eventually associated with Robin Hood. She is the protagonist of the ballad " Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and Maid Marian " and is mentioned in " Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and Queen Katherine " and "Robin Hood\'s Golden Prize "; in "Maid Marian" she joins the Merry Men by fighting Robin to a draw while both are in disguise. In some Victorian literature she takes a more passive role as a noblewoman and Robin's desired, but this all but ended in the 20th century, as Marian resumed her role as a cross-dressing tomboy and a capable fighter. She is depicted as such in the 1952 film _The Story of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and His Merrie Men _, the television series _ Robin of Sherwood _, and the 1991 film _Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves _; the children's comedy television series _ Maid Marian and her Merry Men _ takes this a step further by placing Marian in charge of the group. In the 2006 series _ Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_, Marian works as a double agent , feeding Robin critical information about the Sheriff.

Several modern adaptations add a member to the group who is a Moor or Saracen
Saracen
:

* This began with the 1984–1986 television series _Robin of Sherwood _, which included the character Nasir (portrayed by Mark Ryan ), a former hashshashin who joins the Merry Men. The character influenced the writers of the 1989–94 BBC TV children's series _Maid Marian and Her Merry Men _, which featured the black character Barrington (played by Danny John Jules ) and 1991's _Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves_, who included the Moor Azeem (played by Morgan Freeman ). * The 1993 Mel Brooks comedy _Robin Hood: Men in Tights _ featured Dave Chappelle as Achoo, a parody of Freeman's Azeem comically depicted with modern African American
African American
mannerisms and speech. * The 1997–1999 television series _The New Adventures of Robin Hood _ featured Kemal (played by Hakim Alston ), a Saracen
Saracen
who was a professional assassin in Palestine. * The 2006 series _ Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ introduced Djaq ( Anjali Jay ), a Saracan ex-slave. A twist in Djaq's description is that Djaq is actually a girl disguised as a boy.

REFERENCES

* ^ "Merry man, n.". _ Oxford English Dictionary _. 2001. Retrieved May 2, 2013. * ^ " Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Monk", line 35 * ^ Knight, Stephen; and Ohlgren, Thomas H. (1997). Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Monk: Introduction. From TEAMS Middle English Texts. Retrieved January 22, 2007. * ^ Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Curtal Friar: Introduction. Retrieved January 22, 2007. * ^ Jeffrey Richards, (1980). _Swordsmen of the Screen: From Douglas Fairbanks to Michael York_, p. 190. Routledge ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Robin Hood
Robin Hood

CHARACTERS

* Robin Hood
Robin Hood
* Maid Marian * Merry Men * Much the Miller\'s Son * Little John
Little John
* Friar Tuck * Alan-a-Dale * Will Scarlet * Will Stutely * Gilbert Whitehand * Arthur a Bland * David of Doncaster * The Jolly Pinder of Wakefield * Sheriff of Nottingham * Guy of Gisbourne * Prince John * Bishop of Hereford * Richard at the Lee * King Richard

SETTINGS

* Sherwood Forest * Nottingham
Nottingham
* Loxley * Barnsdale * Wentbridge

SCREEN

FILM

* _ Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (1912) * _ Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (1922) * _The Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (1938) * _ Son of the Guardsman
Son of the Guardsman
_ (1946) * _ The Prince of Thieves _ (1948) * _The Story of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and His Merrie Men _ (1952) * _The Men of Sherwood Forest _ (1954) * _Sword of Sherwood Forest _ (1960) * _A Challenge for Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (1967) * _ The Scalawag Bunch _ (1971) * _Wolfshead: The Legend of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (1973) * _The Arrows of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (1975) * _ Robin and Marian _ (1976) * _Aaj Ka Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (1988) * _O Mistério de Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (1990) * _ Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (1991) * _Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves _ (1991) * _ Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (2010)

TV

* _ Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (1953) * _The Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (1955) * _The Legend of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (1975) * _ Robin of Sherwood _ (1984) * _The New Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (1997) * _ Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (2006)

ANIMATED

* _ Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Makes Good _ (1939) * _ Rabbit Hood _ (1949) * _ Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Daffy _ (1958) * _ Robin Hoodwinked _ (1958) * _ Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (1973) * _ Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (1990) * _Young Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (1991) * _Tom and Jerry: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and His Merry Mouse _ (2012)

PARODY

* _ When Things Were Rotten _ (1975) * _The Zany Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (1984) * _ Maid Marian and Her Merry Men _ (1989) * _Robin Hood: Men in Tights _ (1993)

ALTERNATE SETTINGS

* _Mexicali Rose _ (1939 film) * _ Robin and the 7 Hoods _ (1964 film) * _Naan Sigappu Manithan _ (1985 Tamil film) * _ Nyayam Meere Cheppali _ (1985 Telugu film) * _ Catch Me Now _ (2008 Chinese TV series) * _Alyas Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (2016 Philippines TV Series)

POPULAR CULTURE

* Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(_Once Upon a Time_ character) * Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(DC Comics character)

CHILD BALLADS

* 8: Erlinton * 102: Willie and Earl Richard\'s Daughter * 103: Rose the Red and White Lily * 115: Robyn and Gandeleyn * 117: A Gest of Robyn Hode * 118: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and Guy of Gisborne * 119: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Monk * 120: Robin Hood\'s Death * 121: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Potter * 123: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Curtal Friar * 124: The Jolly Pinder of Wakefield * 126: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Tanner * 127: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Tinker * 128: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Newly Revived * 129: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Prince of Aragon * 130: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Scotchman * 131: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Ranger * 132: The Bold Pedlar and Robin Hood
Robin Hood
* 136: Robin Hood\'s Delight * 138: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and Allan-a-Dale * 139: Robin Hood\'s Progress to Nottingham
Nottingham
* 140: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Rescuing Three Squires * 141: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Rescuing Will Stutly * 142: Little John
Little John
a Begging * 143: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Bishop * 144: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Bishop of Hereford * 145: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and Queen Katherine * 146: Robin Hood\'s Chase * 147: Robin Hood\'s Golden Prize * 148: The Noble Fisherman * 149: The Noble Fisherman * 151: The King\'s Disguise, and Friendship with Robin Hood
Robin Hood
* 152: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Golden Arrow * 153: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Valiant Knight * 154: A True Tale of Robin Hood
Robin Hood

STAGE / THEATRE

* _ The Downfall and The Death of Robert Earl of Huntington _ (1598 and 1601 plays) * _The Merrie Men of Sherwood Forest _ (1871 operetta) * _ Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (1890 opera) * _ The Foresters _ (1892 play) * _ Twang!! _ (1965 musical parody) * _ Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (1934 opera) * _ Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1998 ballet)_ * _ Robin des Bois (2013 musical)_

VIDEO GAMES

* _ Robin of the Wood _ (1985) * _ The Curse of Sherwood _ (1987) * _The Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (1991) * _Conquests of the Longbow: The Legend of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (1991) * _Robin Hood: The Legend of Sherwood _ (2002) * _Robin Hood: Defender of the Crown _ (2003) * _Volume _ (2015)

LITERATURE

* _ Ivanhoe
Ivanhoe
_ (1819) * _ Maid Marian _ (1822) * _The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (1883) * _ Bows against the Barons _ (1934) * _ The Outlaws of Sherwood _ (1988) * _ Through a Dark Mist _ (1991) * _ Lady of the Forest _ (1992) * _ In the Shadow of Midnight _ (1994) * _ The Last Arrow _ (1997) * _ Lady of Sherwood _ (1999) * _ Ronin Hood of the 47 Samurai _ (2005) * _ King Raven Trilogy _ (2006)

MUSIC

* _Legend _ (1984 soundtrack) * _ Robin Hood
Robin Hood
_ (2006 soundtrack) * _ Robin Hood
Robin Hood
– czwarta strzała _ (1997) * "Love " (song) * "Not in Nottingham
Nottingham
" (song) * " (Everything I Do) I Do It for You " (song) * _ The Tale of Gamelyn _

ALAN DALE

* _Outlaw _ (2009) * _ Holy Warrior _ (2010) * _King\'s Man _ (2011)

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