MERRIAM-WEBSTER, INCORPORATED, is an American company that publishes reference books, especially known for its dictionaries .
In 1831, George and Charles Merriam founded the company as G it sold poorly, with only 2,500 copies putting him in debt. However, in 1840, he published the second edition in two volumes with much greater success.
Author and poet Nathan W. Austin explores the intersection of
lexicographical and poetic practices in American literature, and
attempts to map out a "lexical poetics" using Webster's dictionaries
as a base. He shows ways that American poetry inherited Webster's
ideas and draws on his lexicography to develop the language. Austin
explicates key definitions from the Compendious (1806) and American
(1828) dictionaries, and expresses various concerns, including the
MERRIAM AS PUBLISHER
Further information: Webster\'s
In 1843, after Webster's death, George Merriam and Charles Merriam secured publishing and revision rights to the 1840 edition of the dictionary. They published a revision in 1847, which did not change any of the main text but merely added new sections, and a second update with illustrations in 1859. In 1864, Merriam published a greatly expanded edition, which was the first version to change Webster's text, largely overhauling his work yet retaining many of his definitions and the title "An American Dictionary". This began a series of revisions that were described as being "unabridged" in content. In 1884 it contained 118,000 words, "3000 more than any other English dictionary".
With the edition of 1890, the dictionary was retitled Webster's International. The vocabulary was vastly expanded in Webster's New International editions of 1909 and 1934, totaling over half a million words, with the 1934 edition retrospectively called Webster's Second International or simply "The Second Edition" of the New International. Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, Eleventh Edition.