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MEROPIS ( Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Μεροπίς) is a fictional island mentioned by ancient Greek writer Theopompus of Chios
Chios
in his work "Philippica", which is only fragmentarily maintained via Aelian .

CONTENTS

* 1 Background * 2 Geography * 3 References * 4 Further reading

BACKGROUND

The story of Meropis is neither a utopia nor a political allegory ; it is a parody of Plato
Plato
's Atlantis
Atlantis
, in a similar vein to the True History which parodied Homer
Homer
's Odyssey
Odyssey
. Theopompos somewhat overstates many of Plato's aspects of the Atlantis
Atlantis
myth. While it is an Egyptian priest who is telling Solon
Solon
the story of Atlantis according to Plato's Timaeus , it is an Ipotane (a mythical half-man half-horse creature) who is telling the Meropis story to king Midas according to Theopompus Philippica. Although Atlantis
Atlantis
was incredibly big by Plato's account, Theopompus describes Meropis as even bigger, to make it completely absurd. Also, while the invading Atlanteans were beaten by Athens due to its perfect society, the Méropes (Μέροπες)—attacking with an army of ten million soldiers—attempt to conquer Hyperborea , but return in disgrace after realizing that the Hyperboreans were the luckiest people on earth and not worth looting.

GEOGRAPHY

Meropis is situated beyond the world-ocean ( Oceanus
Oceanus
). Its inhabitants, the Méropes, are twice as tall as other human beings and live twice as long. Theopompos describes three cities in Meropis: ANOSTOS (Ἄνοστος, "Place of No Return"), EUSEBES (Εὐσεβής, "Pious-Town") and MACHIMOS (Μάχιμος, "Fighting-Town"). While the inhabitants of Eusebes are living in opulence getting neither hungry nor sick, the inhabitants of Machimos are in fact born with weapons and carry on wars steadily. The third city, Anostos, is situated on the outermost border of Meropis. It resembles a yawning abyss, does not have day or night, and is covered by cloudy, red fumes.

REFERENCES

* ^ For a different point of view see: Emil Forrer * ^ Fragments see FGrHist 115 F 75. * ^ HG Nesselrath (1998). "Theopomps Meropis und Platon". GFA 1: 4–7. * ^ Plato, Timaeus 23e. * ^ HG Nesselrath (1998). "Theopomps Meropis und Platon". GFA 1: 6.

FURTHER READING

* G. J. Aalders (1978). "Die Meropes des Theopomp". Historia. 27: 317–327. * Heinz-Günther Nesselrath (1998). "Theopomps Meropis und Platon: Nachahmung und Parodie" (PDF). Göttinger Forum für Altertumswissenschaft. 1: 1–8.

* v * t * e

Continents of the world

Africa
Africa

Antarctica
Antarctica

Asia
Asia

Australia

Europe
Europe

North America
North America

South America
South America

Afro-Eurasia
Afro-Eurasia

Americas
Americas

Eurasia
Eurasia

Oceania
Oceania

* FORMER SUPERCONTINENTS Gondwana
Gondwana
* Laurasia
Laurasia
* Pangaea * Pannotia * Rodinia * Columbia * Kenorland * Nena * Sclavia * Ur * Vaalbara

* HISTORICAL CONTINENTS Amazonia * Arctica * Asiamerica * Atlantica
Atlantica
* Avalonia
Avalonia
* Baltica
Baltica
* Cimmeria * Congo craton * Euramerica * Kalaharia * Kazakhstania * Laurentia * North China * Siberia * South China * East Antarctica
Antarctica
* India

* SUBMERGED CONTINENTS Kerguelen Plateau * Zealandia
Zealandia

* POSSIBLE FUTURE SUPERCONTINENTS Pangaea Ultima * Amasia * Novopangaea

* MYTHICAL AND HYPOTHESISED CONTINENTS Atlantis
Atlantis
* Kumari Kandam * Lemuria * Meropis * Mu * Hyperborea * Terra Australis

* See also Regions of the world * Continental fragment

* BOOK *

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