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Mercaz HaRav
Mercaz HaRav
Kook (Hebrew: מרכז הרב קוק‬, lit. "The Rav Kook Center") is a national-religious yeshiva in Jerusalem, founded in 1924 by Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook.[1][2] Located in the city's Kiryat Moshe neighborhood, it has become the most prominent religious-Zionist yeshiva in the world and synonymous with Kook's teachings.[3] Many Religious Zionist
Religious Zionist
educators and leaders have studied at Mercaz HaRav.[3]

Contents

1 History 2 Mercaz HaRav
Mercaz HaRav
massacre

2.1 Victims

3 Notable alumni 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] Mercaz HaRav
Mercaz HaRav
was founded in 1924 by Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook, chief Ashkenazi
Ashkenazi
rabbi during the British Mandate. It was housed in Beit HaRav which was built by the noted philanthropist Harry Fischel. It was established to serve as a beacon of Torah learning. Rabbi Avraham Aharon Borstein (1867–1925), who headed the yeshiva with him, died two years after taking up his duties. The yeshiva's official name is HaYeshivah HaMercazit HaOlamit - "The Central Universal Yeshiva." It is popularly known as Mercaz HaRav, after Rav Kook. Rav Kook died in 1935 and his student, Rabbi Yaakov Moshe Harlap, succeeded him as Rosh Yeshiva.[4] After his death in 1951, Rabbi Zvi Yehuda Kook, the son of Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook
Abraham Isaac Kook
took up his father's position. In 1982, after Rabbi Zvi Yehuda Kook died, Rabbi Avraham Shapira took the position and led the institution until his death in 2007. His son Rabbi Yaakov Shapira is his successor. Today, the yeshiva has about 500 students, including 200 students in the yeshiva's kollel (post-graduate division).[3] In its first decades, the yeshiva had few students; at times it was not clear whether it would survive. The turning point came in the '50s, when graduates of Bnei Akiva religious schools and high-school yeshivas seeking higher religious education flocked to Mercaz Harav, the only Zionist yeshiva. Bnei Akiva leader Rabbi Moshe Zvi Neria, a disciple of Rabbi Kook's, encouraged students to go to Mercaz Harav, which was headed from 1952 by Rabbi Abraham Kook's son, Rabbi Zvi Yehuda Kook, until his eventual death.[3] Mercaz HaRav
Mercaz HaRav
massacre[edit] Main article: Mercaz HaRav
Mercaz HaRav
massacre On the night of March 6, 2008, an Arab from Jabel Mukaber
Jabel Mukaber
in East Jerusalem, entered the yeshiva with a gun and began firing indiscriminately, killing eight students and wounding 15 others. The terrorists bloody rampage ended with the arrival of Yitzhak Dadon, a part-time student of the yeshiva, and David Shapira, an officer in the Israel
Israel
Defense Forces, who shot him to death. Victims[edit]

Name Age From Studied at

Neria Cohen 15 Jerusalem Yashlatz

Segev Pniel Avihail 15 Neve Daniel Yashlatz

Avraham David Moses 16 Efrat Yashlatz

Yehonatan Yitzhak Eldar 16 Shilo Yashlatz

Ro'i Roth 18 Elkana Mercaz Harav

Yohai Lipshitz 18 Jerusalem Yashlatz

Yonadav Chaim Hirshfeld 18 Kokhav HaShahar Mercaz Harav

Doron Mahareta 26 Ashdod Mercaz Harav

Notable alumni[edit] The list includes a number of Knesset members and community leaders.[5]

Rabbi Yaakov Ariel Rabbi Shlomo Aviner[3] Rabbi David Bar-Hayim[6][7] Michael Ben-Ari, Knesset member Rabbi Yoel Bin-Nun Ezriel Carlebach, founder of the Maariv
Maariv
newspaper Rabbi Zfania Drori Rabbi Haim Druckman[3] Rabbi Shmuel Eliyahu, Chief Rabbi of Safed Rabbi Menachem Froman, founding member of Gush Emunim
Gush Emunim
and former chief rabbi of Tekoa Rabbi Moshe Levinger, founder of post-1967 Hebron Jewish community Rabbi Eliezer Melamed Rabbi Zalman Baruch Melamed Hanan Porat, Knesset member David Raziel, an Irgun
Irgun
commander Rabbi David Samson Michel Warschawski
Michel Warschawski
(aka Mikado), the left-wing activist and author; co-founder of the Alternative Information Center[8]

References[edit]

^ "About Yeshivat Mercaz HaRav
Mercaz HaRav
Kook". Friends of Mercaz Harav.  ^ "About the Yeshiva" (in Hebrew). Mercaz Harav.  ^ a b c d e f Sheleg, Yair (March 7, 2008). " Mercaz Harav
Mercaz Harav
- the flagship of national-religious yeshivas". haaretz.  ^ Katz, Steven T. (2005). The Impact of the Holocaust on Jewish Theology. p. 118.  ^ The national-religious camp's flagship yeshiva Haaretz, 8 March 2008 ^ http://www.forward.com/articles/104483/ ^ http://www.haaretz.com/weekend/anglo-file/efrat-rabbi-tilts-against-passover-food-restrictions-for-ashkenazi-jews-1.356076 ^ On the Border: Memoir of a Militant Jew, 2005.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mercaz HaRav.

Official website (in English) Official website (in Hebrew)

v t e

Orthodox Yeshivas in Israel
Israel
and the West Bank

Yeshivot

Aderet Eliyahu Aish HaTorah Ateret Yerushalayim Yeshivas Bais Yisroel Beit El Bircas HaTorah Birkat Moshe (Hesder) Derech Etz Chaim Dvar Yerushalayim Eretz HaTzvi Etz Chaim HaRaayon HaYehudi Har Etzion HaKotel (Hesder) Hamivtar Har Hamor Harry Fischel Institute for Talmudic Research Itri Kerem B'Yavneh (Hesder) Kisse Rahamim Knesses Chizkiyahu Kol Torah Lakewood East Lev Hatorah Ma'alot Yaakov (Hesder) Maarava Machon Rubin Machon Meir Marbeh Torah Mayanot Meah Shearim Mercaz HaRav Mercaz Hatorah Midrash Shmuel Mir Netiv Aryeh Neveh Zion Ohr Elchonon Ohr Somayach Ohr Yerushalayim Or Vishua (Hesder) Or Etzion (Hesder) Otniel (Hesder) Otzmat Yerushalayim Pachad Yitzchok Petah Tikva (Hesder) Ponevezh Porat Yosef Pressburg Shaar Hashamayim Sfas Emes Slabodka Torah Ore Torat HaChaim Toras Moshe Torat Shraga Sderot (Hesder) Sha'alvim Shilo (Hesder) Yerushalayim L’Tzeirim Yerucham (Hesder) Yesodei HaTorah

Midrashot

Beth Jacob Jerusalem EYAHT Machon Gold Mayanot Midreshet Aviv Midreshet Binat Midreshet HaRova Midreshet Lindenbaum Midreshet Ma'amakim Migdal Oz Neve Yerushalayim Nishmat

Coordinates: 31°47′16″N 35°11′48″E / 31.7879°N 35.1967°E

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