HOME
The Info List - Mercury Records





Mercury Records
Mercury Records
is an American-based record label owned by Universal Music Group. In the United States, it operates through Island Records; in the UK, it is distributed by Virgin EMI
EMI
Records. Since the separation of Island Records, Motown, Mercury Records, and Def Jam Recordings
Def Jam Recordings
combining the Island Def Jam Music Group, Mercury Records has been placed under Island Records, although its back catalogue is still owned by The Island Def Jam Music Group.

Contents

1 Beginnings 2 Mercury's jazz division 3 Later history 4 Mercury Living Presence series 5 Major Mercury Records
Mercury Records
labels and operations worldwide

5.1 Current

5.1.1 Mercury Classics 5.1.2 Mercury Nashville 5.1.3 Mercury Records
Mercury Records
(UK) 5.1.4 Mercury Records
Mercury Records
(Australia) 5.1.5 Mercury Records
Mercury Records
(France) 5.1.6 Mercury Tokyo (formerly Mercury Music Entertainment) (Japan)

6 Artists 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

9.1 Main sites 9.2 Other sites

Beginnings[edit] Mercury Record Corporation was formed in Chicago
Chicago
in 1945 by Irving Green, Berle Adams, Ray Greenberg [1] and Arthur Talmadge.[2] They were a major force in jazz and blues, classical music, rock and roll, and country music recordings. Early in the label's history, Mercury opened two pressing plants, one in Chicago
Chicago
and the other in St. Louis, Missouri.[3] With the use of automatic presses and providing 24-hour turnaround, they went into direct competition with major recording labels such as Columbia, Decca, Capitol and RCA Victor. By hiring two promoters, Tiny Hill
Tiny Hill
and Jimmy Hilliard, they penetrated the pop market with names such as Frankie Laine, Vic Damone, Tony Fontane and Patti Page. Rather than rely on radio airplay, Mercury initially relied on jukeboxes to promote their music.[4] In 1946 Mercury hired Eddie Gaedel, an American with dwarfism, most notable for participating in a Major League Baseball game, to portray the "Mercury Man", complete with a winged hat similar to its logo, to promote Mercury recordings.[5][6] Some early Mercury recordings featured a caricature of him as its logo.[7][8] In 1947 Jack Rael, a musician and publicist/manager, persuaded Mercury to let Patti Page
Patti Page
(whom he managed) record a song that had been planned to be done by Vic Damone, "Confess". The budget was too small for them to hire a second singer to provide the "answer" parts to Page, so at Rael's suggestion she did both voices. Though "overdubbing" had been used occasionally on 78rpm discs in the 1930s, for Enrico Caruso
Enrico Caruso
and Elisabeth Schumann
Elisabeth Schumann
recordings among others, this became the first documented example of "overdubbing" using tape, and Patti Page, along with rival Capitol Records
Capitol Records
artists Les Paul
Les Paul
& Mary Ford, became one of the artists best known for the use of this technique.[citation needed] The company released an enormous number of recordings under the Mercury label as well as its subsidiaries (Blue Rock Records, Cumberland Records, EmArcy Records, Fontana Records, Limelight Records, Philips
Philips
Records, Smash Records
Smash Records
and Wing Records). In addition, they leased and purchased material by independent labels and redistributed them. Under their own label, Mercury released a variety of recording styles from classical music to psychedelic rock. However, its subsidiaries focused on their own specialized categories of music.[9] Mercury's jazz division[edit]

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (August 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Mercury's jazz division had two distinct and important fathers. John Hammond brought his expertise and connections when Mercury bought Keynote Records in the late 1940s. And Mercury was the issuing company and distributor for Norman Granz's pre-Norgran/Verve recordings. Although both Hammond and Granz had departed Mercury by the mid-1950s, they established the company in the jazz world. Mercury, under its EmArcy label, released LPs by many important post-swing and bebop artists including Clifford Brown and Max Roach, Clark Terry, Dinah Washington, Nat and Cannonball Adderley, Ernestine Anderson, Sarah Vaughan, Maynard Ferguson, Jimmy Cleveland, Herb Geller and others. By the early 1960s, Mercury was releasing jazz under the flagship label and was an early leader in the new stereo sound releases. Highlights of the early and mid-1960s included albums by Quincy Jones, Buddy Rich, Cannonball Adderley, Charles (then called Charlie) Mingus, Dinah Washington, Sarah Vaughan, Max Roach
Max Roach
and others. In the early 1950s, Norman Granz started his own record company, Norgran Records, which later became Verve. In the mid to late 1960s, Verve as an imprint of MGM Records. Both Mercury and Verve are now owned by Universal Music Group
Universal Music Group
and Mercury's jazz library falls under the Verve division. Since the early 1990s, Verve has reissued many Mercury jazz titles on CD, often taking care to use original master tapes and including session material not included on the original LPs. In addition, Mosaic Records in Stamford CT has issued several box sets spotlighting the Mercury and Verve recordings of various artists including Max Roach, Roy Eldridge, Dizzy Gillespie
Dizzy Gillespie
and Buddy Rich. Later history[edit]

From its inception until the mid-1990s, the winged head of Mercury was the label's trademark. As of 2018, Mercury UK, Mercury Classics, and Mercury Tokyo (Japan) are using the logo.

In 1961, Philips, a Dutch electronics company and owner of Philips Records, which had lost its distribution deal with Columbia Records outside North America, played a key role in Mercury's future by signing an exchange agreement with the American Record Company.[10] A year later, Mercury was sold to Consolidated Electronics Industries Corp. (a.k.a. Conelco) which is an affiliate of Philips
Philips
under its U.S. Trust division; and in 1963, Mercury switched British distribution from EMI
EMI
to Philips. In 1962, Mercury began marketing a line of phonographs made by Philips bearing the Mercury brand name.[11] In July 1967, Mercury Records
Mercury Records
became the first U.S. record company to release cassette music tapes (Musicassettes).[12] In 1969, Mercury changed its corporate name to Mercury Record Productions Inc. while its parent Conelco became North American Philips
Philips
Corp (N.A.P.C.) after Philips
Philips
brought control of the company. Philips
Philips
and German Electronics giant Siemens
Siemens
reorganized their joint-ventured record operations, Grammophon- Philips
Philips
Group, home of Deutsche Grammophon, Philips Records
Philips Records
and Polydor to become PolyGram
PolyGram
in 1972. That year PolyGram
PolyGram
brought Mercury from N.A.P.C. Mercury's corporate name was changed to Phonogram Inc.
Phonogram Inc.
to match a related company in the UK that operated the Mercury label there. From late 1974 to early 1983, the company's label design featured a painting of three famous Chicago
Chicago
buildings: Marina City, John Hancock Center and One IBM Plaza
IBM Plaza
which was Mercury headquarters during that period, having moved from its long-time address at 35 East Wacker Drive in Chicago. In 1980, Phonogram moved its headquarters from Chicago
Chicago
to New York City. In 1981, Mercury, along with other U.S. PolyGram-owned labels, which included Polydor, RSO Records, and Casablanca, consolidated under the new name PolyGram
PolyGram
Records, Inc. Under PolyGram, Mercury absorbed the artists and catalogue of Casablanca Records
Casablanca Records
(also home to the 20th Century Records
20th Century Records
back catalogue), which consisted of hard rockers Kiss and disco stars Donna Summer and the Village People, and primarily became a rock/pop label with Kiss, Scorpions, Rush, John Cougar Mellencamp, Kurtis Blow, Tears for Fears, Bon Jovi, Cinderella, Treat, Candy, and Def Leppard. Mercury, by having Bon Jovi, Cinderella, Def Leppard, Kiss, and Scorpions on their roster, was a premiere label for glam metal. Most of these bands were on Vertigo Records
Vertigo Records
in Europe (that label specialized in progressive rock and hard rock including subgenres like glam metal). In late 1998, PolyGram
PolyGram
was bought by Seagram, which then absorbed the company into its Universal Music Group
Universal Music Group
unit. Under the reorganization, Mercury Records
Mercury Records
was folded into the newly formed The Island Def Jam Music Group (IDJMG). Mercury's pop roster was predominantly taken over by Island Records, while its hip hop artists found a new home at Def Jam Recordings, and some of Mercury's R&B acts were moved to the newly created Def Soul Records roster. Mercury's former country unit became Mercury Nashville Records. IDJMG revived the Mercury imprint in the US in 2007. Mercury Living Presence series[edit] In 1951, under the direction of recording engineer C. Robert (Bob) Fine and recording director David Hall, Mercury Records
Mercury Records
initiated a recording technique using a single microphone to record symphony orchestras. Fine had for several years used a single microphone for various Mercury small-ensemble classical recordings produced by John Hammond and later Mitch Miller
Mitch Miller
(indeed, Miller, using his full name of Mitchell Miller, made several recordings as a featured oboe player in the late 1940s for Mercury). The first record in this new Mercury Olympian Series was Pictures at an Exhibition
Pictures at an Exhibition
performed by Rafael Kubelík and the Chicago
Chicago
Symphony. The group that became the most famous using this technique was the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra, which, under the leadership of conductor Antal Doráti, made a series of classical albums that were well reviewed and sold briskly, including the first-ever complete recordings of Tchaikovsky's ballets Swan Lake, The Sleeping Beauty, and The Nutcracker. Dorati's 1954 one-mic monaural recording (Mercury MG 50054) and 1958 three-mic stereo rerecording (Mercury MG 50054) of Tchaikovsky's "1812 Overture" [13] included dramatic overdub recordings of 1812-era artillery and the bells of the Yale University Carillon. A stereo release in 1960 featured new recordings of the cannon shots, and the bells of the Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial Carillon at The Riverside Church in Chicago.[14] Besides Mercury's mono and stereo versions of the 1812, only one other classical album rang up Gold Record sales in the 1950s in the U.S.[15] The recording of the 1812 Overture is considered by many to be one of the best performances of that work and was still in reissue in 2011, nearly 60 years after its first release. The New York Times
The New York Times
music critic Howard Taubman described the Mercury sound on Pictures at an Exhibition
Pictures at an Exhibition
as "being in the living presence of the orchestra"[16] and Mercury eventually began releasing their classical recordings under the 'Living Presence' series' name. The recordings were produced by Mercury vice president Wilma Cozart, who later married Bob Fine. Cozart took over recording director duties in 1953 and also produced the CD reissues of more than half of the Mercury Living Presence catalog in the 1990s. By the late 1950s, the Mercury Living Presence crew included session musical supervisors Harold Lawrence and Clair van Ausdall and associate engineer Robert Eberenz. When Cozart retired in 1964, Lawrence took over the Mercury classical division and continued producing Mercury Living Presence records into 1967. Besides the recordings with the Chicago
Chicago
and Minneapolis orchestras, Mercury also recorded Howard Hanson
Howard Hanson
with the Eastman Rochester Orchestra, Frederick Fennell
Frederick Fennell
with the Eastman Wind Ensemble, and Paul Paray with the Detroit Symphony Orchestra. Dorati made some recordings in the United Kingdom with the London Symphony Orchestra
London Symphony Orchestra
for Mercury during the 1960s. In late 1955, Mercury began using 3 omnidirectional microphones to make stereo recordings on 3-track tape. The technique was an expansion on the mono process—center was still paramount. Once the center, single microphone was set, the sides were set to provide the depth and width heard in the stereo recordings. The center mike still fed the mono LP releases, which accompanied stereo LPs into the 1960s. In 1961, Mercury enhanced the three-microphone stereo technique by using 35 mm magnetic film instead of half-inch tape for recording. The greater emulsion thickness, track width and speed (90 feet per min or 18 ips) of 35 mm magnetic film increased prevention of tape layer print-through and pre-echo and gained in addition extended frequency range and transient response. The Mercury 'Living Presence' stereo records were mastered directly from the 3-track tapes or mag film, with a 3-2 mix occurring in the mastering room. The same technique—and restored vintage equipment of the same type—was used during the CD reissues. Specifically, 3-track tapes were recorded on Ampex 300-3 (½" 3-track) machines at 15 IPS. 35 mm magnetic film recordings were made on 3-track Westrex film recorders. The 3-2 mixdown was done on a modified Westrex mixer. For the original LPs, the mixer directly fed the custom cutting chain. At Fine Recording in NY, the Westrex cutter head on a Scully lathe was fed by modified McIntosh 200W tube amplifiers with very little feedback in the system. Older mono records were made with a Miller cutter head. For the CD reissues, the output of the Westrex mixer directly fed a DCS analog-to-digital converter and the CDs were mastered on Sony 1630 tapes. No digital enhancement or noise reduction was used. The original LP releases of the classical recordings continued through 1968. The Mercury classical music catalogue (including the Living Presence catalogue) is currently managed by Decca Label Group through Philips
Philips
Records, which reissued the recordings on LP and then CD. In turn, Mercury now manages the pop/rock catalog of Philips
Philips
Records. In 2003, Speakers Corner Records began issuing 180-gram audiophile-quality LP reissues. The LPs are mastered from 2-track tapes made at the time of the original LP mastering, thus one generation removed from the edited session master used to produce the original LP master and the CD master. In 2012, Decca Classics, the current owner of the Mercury Living Presence label, issued a value-priced 51-CD box that included 50 of the 1990s CD titles (remastered by Wilma Cozart Fine) as well as a bonus CD containing an interview with Wilma Cozart Fine, and a deluxe booklet detailing the history of Mercury Living Presence. The CD was issued worldwide and was sold by Amazon and other major retailers. A limited-edition 6-LP box set was also issued. The CD set brings back into print dozens of titles that had not been available as manufactured CD's since the early 2000s. The CD box set sold out within 8 months and the LP box set sold out within 6 months.[citation needed] In 2013, Decca Classics issued a second, 55-CD box set, along with a second 6-LP box set. The CD box set included two bonus discs: a new reissue of the 1953 monophonic recording of Stravinsky's "Rite of Spring" by Dorati with the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra, and a first-time-on-CD reissue of the premiere recording of John Corigliano's Piano Concerto, played by Hilde Somer with the San Antonio Symphony Orchestra conducted by Victor Alessandro. Also included on the Corigliano CD was an interview with the composer and the pianist. As in the first CD box set, the 53 titles from the 1990s series were remastered by Wilma Cozart Fine. On January 4, 2015, Mercury co-founder Irwin Steinberg died at the age of 94.[17] Major Mercury Records
Mercury Records
labels and operations worldwide[edit] Current[edit] Mercury Records
Mercury Records
was relaunched in 2007 as a label under The Island Def Jam Music Group, appointing record executive David Massey as the President and CEO of the new venture. This division of Mercury handles US distribution of most pre-1998 Polydor Records
Polydor Records
pop/rock releases currently under UMG control. There are some exceptions, however. Some artists based outside the US did not have their releases on Polydor in North America, signing to various other labels instead. Some of these bands, such as The Who, did sign to a label that also is now part of the UMG family (or later absorbed by such a label), hence those labels control US rights to these works (in the case of the Who, they had been on US Decca Records and MCA Records
MCA Records
in the past, their pre-breakup catalogue is now on Geffen Records in North America). Mercury Classics[edit] Mercury Classics was relaunched in 2012 as an international classical label by UMGI, appointing musicologist and record executive Dr. Alexander Buhr as Managing Director. The label aims to identify and work with strong creative individuals that bring a distinctive and fresh perspective to classical music. In its first year, artist signings to the label included Icelandic neo-classical composer Olafur Arnalds, New York-based string quartet Brooklyn Rider, Chinese pianist Yundi
Yundi
and Austrian clarinetist and Berlin Philharmonic soloist Andreas Ottensamer. The label also oversees the recording career of Montenegrin classical guitarist Milos Karadaglic and has an ongoing partnership with Tori Amos, which dates back to her work with Buhr on her classically inspired Night of Hunters album for Deutsche Grammophon
Deutsche Grammophon
in 2011. Following Buhr's longstanding relationship with the Deutsche Grammophon
Deutsche Grammophon
label, some of Mercury Classics' early core classical recordings have been released as co-brands of Mercury Classics and Deutsche Grammophon. In 2013 Mercury Classics released Olafur Arnalds' label debut For Now I Am Winter, which entered the US Classical Chart at No. 1. It was followed by an EP of Arnalds' soundtrack to the much acclaimed ITV crime series Broadchurch
Broadchurch
which received a BAFTA Award for best original soundtrack the following year. Yundi's recording of three Beethoven sonatas went platinum in his native China. The label also released Andreas Ottensamer's debut "Portraits", and the much acclaimed label debut of Brooklyn Rider
Brooklyn Rider
"A Walking Fire". Milos Karadaglic's "Latino Gold" topped the UK classical charts and entered the pop charts. Legendary banjo soloist and 15 time Grammy Award winner Bela Fleck's concerto for banjo and orchestra "The Impostor" was released in the fall. In 2014 Mercury Classics released "Aranjuez", Milos Karadaglic's recording of iconic guitar concertos by Joaquin Rodrigo, featuring Yannick Nezet-Seguin and the London Philharmonic Orchestra. The album topped the iTunes Classical Charts in more than 10 countries and the classical charts in the US, UK, France, New Zealand and Denmark, where it peaked in the pop charts at No. 17. With the release of Yundi's new album "Emperor/Fantasy", including Beethoven's 5th Piano Concerto with Berlin Philharmonic and Daniel Harding, Mercury Classics held the top two spots on the UK classical chart. In May 2014 the label released Tori Amos' 14th studio album Unrepentant Geraldines. The album entered the US Billboard top 200 at No. 7, charted in UK (No. 13), Netherlands (No. 10) and Germany (No. 15) and hit the iTunes Top 10 in more than 20 countries. Influential classical music website Alto Riot named Mercury Classics its 'Label of the Year 2013'. Mercury Nashville[edit] Mercury's Nashville unit dates back to 1957, when Mercury formed a joint venture with Starday Records specifically for releasing artists performing country music. Mercury bought out Starday's half in 1958. In 1997, PolyGram, looking to cut costs in anticipation of a merger with a competitor, consolidated all of its Nashville operations under the Mercury name. Mercury Nashville took over management of all of PolyGram's country back catalog from sister labels such as Polydor (including releases once issued by MGM Records), A&M, and the small country back catalog of Motown
Motown
Records ( Motown
Motown
released these albums under subsidiary labels). All country artists under contract to other PolyGram
PolyGram
labels either moved to Mercury or were dropped altogether. Today Mercury Nashville continues to be an active imprint under Universal Music Group
Universal Music Group
Nashville, where it continues to manage the country back catalog that once belonged to PolyGram
PolyGram
(MCA Nashville manages what Universal had already owned at the time of the PolyGram merger). Mercury Records
Mercury Records
(UK)[edit] In 1958, Mercury switched its distribution in the UK from Pye to EMI, and in 1964 to Philips.[18] Mercury operated as an imprint in the UK under Universal Music UK until March 2013, when its artist roster was moved to Virgin EMI
EMI
in a restructuring of Universal's UK labels. In 2005 Jason Iley was appointed the new Managing Director of Mercury. He joined the company from Island Records
Island Records
where he was General Manager.[19] In July 2005 ILey appointed Paul Adam to senior A&R director of the label – the two had previously worked together at Island Records.[20] In October 2006 U2 decided to leave Island Records
Island Records
and moved to Mercury Records, reportedly to rejoin ILey who they had worked with previously at Island Records.[21] In March 2011, the label announced it was stopping the production of CD and vinyl singles and would only release them physically as "rare exceptions".[22] In 2012, signings on Mercury included Pixie Lott, Arcade Fire, Amy Macdonald, Noah and the Whale, Chase & Status, Jake Bugg
Jake Bugg
and Bo Bruce.[23][24] In July, Mercury announced that Mike Smith was joining as President, Music.[25] In March 2013, Mercury UK was absorbed into Virgin EMI
EMI
by Universal Music.[26] Mercury Records
Mercury Records
(Australia)[edit] Launched in 2007 by Universal Music Australia
Universal Music Australia
exclusively as a full-service local (Australian) A&R operation. Mercury Records
Mercury Records
had been used for some Australian artists in the 1980s and 1990s, but was put into hibernation in 1999 in favour of the Universal label until 2007.[citation needed] Mercury Records
Mercury Records
(France)[edit] In France, Mercury Records
Mercury Records
operates as a part of the Mercury Music Group, a division of Universal Music Group. Mercury Music Group controls the French operations of UMG labels Mercury, Fontana Records, Verve Records, Decca Records, Blue Note Records, among others. Various other national Universal Music Group
Universal Music Group
companies are known to actively use the Mercury Records
Mercury Records
trademark as an imprint for their local artist and repertoire operations, but no other Universal Music Group companies use the label as a key marketing differentiator, nor do they operate frontline divisions based on the Mercury label. Mercury Tokyo (formerly Mercury Music Entertainment) (Japan)[edit] Launched in 1993 as a division of Nippon PolyGram
PolyGram
(now Universal Music Japan), it was later relaunched in 2000 as a joint venture with Kitty Films under the name Kitty MME. It was merged into the Universal J label in 2002. Its artist roster included Seiko Matsuda, Yūji Oda, Delta, ZIGGY, Kinniku Shōjo Tai and Takashi Sorimachi. After 15 years, the label was revitalized under its new name, Mercury Tokyo and is now under the Universal Music & Brands (UM & Brands) division of Universal Music Japan. Korean pop group Monsta X was the first artist signed under the newly relaunched label.[27] Artists[edit]

List of Mercury Records
Mercury Records
artists

See also[edit]

Universal Music Group
Universal Music Group
Nashville List of record labels Chicago
Chicago
Record Labels

References[edit]

^ "Mecury (sic) Records co-founder Berle Adams dies". Variety. 2009-08-27. Retrieved 2016-08-19.  ^ "Mercury shooting at 700,000 disk within the year". Billboard. 1945-10-13. p. 23. Retrieved 2016-08-19 – via Google Books.  ^ "Mercury Records". Discogs
Discogs
(in French). Retrieved 2017-12-14.  ^ " Irving Green Remembered". Spectropop.com. Retrieved 2016-08-19.  ^ Billboard. 1946-06-08. p. 19 https://books.google.com/books?id=9RkEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PT19&dq=%22eddie+gaedel%22+%2B+mercury&hl=en&ei=_y49TOziNtKDnQevnvndDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=%22eddie%20gaedel%22%20%2B%20mercury&f=false. Retrieved 2016-08-19 – via Google Books.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ Billboard. 1972-05-27. p. 27 https://books.google.com/books?id=-ycEAAAAMBAJ&pg=RA1-PA27&dq=%22eddie+gaedel%22+%2B+mercury&hl=en&ei=_y49TOziNtKDnQevnvndDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22eddie%20gaedel%22%20%2B%20mercury&f=false. Retrieved 2016-08-19 – via Google Books.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ " Record label - No Baby No! - The Trenier Twins". Nugrape.net. Retrieved 2013-02-28.  ^ "Billboard". 1946-06-08. p. 31. Retrieved 2016-08-19 – via Google Books.  ^ Publishing, Rames El Desouki, The Traveller. "Label Variations: Mercury Records". www.cvinyl.com. Retrieved 2017-12-14.  ^ "Billboard". Books.google.com. 1961-02-20. p. 3. Retrieved 2016-08-19.  ^ Billboard. Google Books. 1962-03-03. Retrieved 2012-01-07.  ^ Billboard. Google Books. 1968-06-22. Retrieved 2012-01-07.  ^ Soundfountain - Rudolf A. Bruil. "MERCURY RECORDS Living Presence - Wilma Cozart Fine and 50 Years Mercury Recordings". Soundfountain.com. Retrieved 2012-01-07.  ^ Liner notes from Mercury CD #434 360-2 ^ Whitburn, Joel: "The Billboard Book of Top 40 Albums, 3rd Edition," p. 95 ^ Freed, Richard (30 September 1990). "RECORDINGS; Mercury 'Living Presence' Comes to Life Again". The New York Times.  ^ " Mercury Records
Mercury Records
Co-Founder Steinberg Dies at 94". Associated Press. January 4, 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2015.  ^ "Mercury Label Discography - UK". 45cat. Retrieved 2016-08-19.  ^ "Universal exec named as Mercury managing director". Music Week. 2005-05-16. Retrieved 2012-01-07.  ^ Cardew, Ben (2010-07-16). "Promotions at Mercury". Music Week. Retrieved 2012-01-07.  ^ "U2 leave Island to move to Mercury". Monsters and Critics. 2006-10-09. Archived from the original on 2012-10-14. Retrieved 2012-01-07.  ^ "Newsbeat - U2 and Arcade Fire's label ends CD and vinyl singles". BBC. 2011-03-25. Retrieved 2012-01-07.  ^ " Mercury Records
Mercury Records
(UK) Artists". Mtv.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-04-18.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-06-29. Retrieved 2012-06-29.  ^ "Mike Smith Joins Mercury RecOrds Mike Smith News MUSIC WEEK". musicweek.com. 2012-06-12. Retrieved 2012-12-20.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-04-30. Retrieved 2013-04-04.  ^ "日本デビューシングル『HERO』 5月17日 ユニバーサルミュージック 新レーベルMercury Tokyoより発売決定!!". Monsta X
Monsta X
Universal Music Japan Page. Universal Music LLC, Japan. March 27, 2017. Retrieved March 31, 2017. 

External links[edit] Main sites[edit]

Mercury Records
Mercury Records
– US site Mercury Records
Mercury Records
– UK site Mercury Classics - official site Mercury Records
Mercury Records
– Australian site Mercury Records
Mercury Records
discography at Discogs Mercury Nashville – official site

Other sites[edit]

Microgroove.jp – a site devoted to the label's history Mercury US & UK A&R team contact list Wilma Cozart Fine and 50 Years Living Presence - Rudolf Bruil - Soundfountain Jay & The Techniques article in The Standard Report Interview with Wilma Cozart Fine by Bruce Duffie

v t e

Vivendi

History List of owned assets

Directors

Vincent Bolloré Arnaud de Puyfontaine Pierre Rodocanachi

Universal Music Group

Universal Music Publishing Group Decca Gold

Decca Records Deutsche Grammophon

Island Records

Mercury Records

Roc Nation

StarRoc Takeover Roc Nation

Republic Records

Cash Money Records Big Machine Label Group

Universal Music Enterprises

Hip-O Records

Def Jam Recordings Show Dog-Universal Music Vevo

Capitol Christian Music Group

Motown
Motown
Gospel Sparrow Records Tooth & Nail Records

Capitol Music Group

Astralwerks Apple Records Blue Note Records Capitol Records Caroline Distribution Harvest Records mau5trap Motown Priority Records Virgin Records

Interscope Geffen A&M Records

A&M Records A&M Octone Records DGC Records Geffen Records Interscope Records

UM Latin Entertainment

Capitol Latin Disa Records Fonovisa Records Machete Music

UMG Nashville

MCA Nashville Mercury Nashville Records Lost Highway Records Capitol Records
Capitol Records
Nashville EMI
EMI
Records Nashville

UM UK

Capitol UK Decca Records Island UK Polydor Records Virgin EMI
EMI
Records

Verve Records

GRP Records Impulse! Records Verve Forecast Records

Film/TV units

Eagle Rock Entertainment PolyGram
PolyGram
Entertainment Universal Music TV

Canal+
Canal+
Group

Canal+ Canalsat

Afrique Calédonie Caraïbes

D8 StudioCanal

UK

Other assets

Dailymotion
Dailymotion
(90%) Gameloft
Gameloft
(96.9%) Telecom Italia
Telecom Italia
(24.6%) Mediaset
Mediaset
(28.80%) Havas
Havas
Group (40%)

v t e

Philips

Divisions and subsidiaries

Current

Philips
Philips
Consumer Lifestyle

Gaggia Saeco

Philips
Philips
Healthcare

Philips
Philips
AVENT Respironics Shenzhen Goldway Industrial

Philips
Philips
Lighting

Philips
Philips
Lumileds Lighting Company

Corporate Technologies

Former and defunct

Liquavista Magnavox NXP Semiconductors Philips
Philips
Analytical Philips
Philips
Natuurkundig Laboratorium PolyGram

Fontana Records Mercury Records Philips
Philips
Classics Records Philips
Philips
Records PolyGram
PolyGram
Filmed Entertainment Vertigo Records

Joint ventures and shareholdings

Current

NXP Semiconductors
NXP Semiconductors
(19.9%) Philips-Neusoft Medical Systems (51%) TCL Corporation
TCL Corporation
(6.3%)

BlackBerry Mobile Alcatel Mobile TCL Multimedia
TCL Multimedia
(52.10%) Palm, Inc. Tonly Electronics

Former and defunct

ASML Holding Broadcast Television Systems Inc. Grundig LG. Philips
Philips
Displays LG Philips
Philips
LCD Marantz Navteq NEC Philips
Philips
Unified Systems Philips
Philips
Consumer Communications TP Vision TSMC SSMC Lumileds

Brands, products and standards

Current

Ambilight Hue Norelco Philips
Philips
Cinema 21:9 TV Philips
Philips
Entertaible Philips
Philips
GoGear Philips
Philips
Intimate Massagers Senseo ShoqBox Sonicare Streamium Trimension Video Content Protection System

Defunct

Philips
Philips
CD-i Philips
Philips
Nino Philips
Philips
Velo Philips
Philips
Videopac Philips
Philips
VideoWriter Philips
Philips
:YES Philishave SpeechMagic Video 2000

People

Cor Boonstra President and Chief Executive Officer Frans van Houten Co-founders Anton Philips
Philips
and Gerard Philips Frits Philips

Places

Evoluon High Tech Campus Eindhoven Philips
Philips
Arena Philips
Philips
Stadion

Other

Carousel HDMI Licensing Philips
Philips
Sports Manager of the Year Phoebus cartel

.