Mercedes-Benz (German: [mɛʁˈtseːdəsˌbɛnts]) is a global
automobile marque and a division of the German company Daimler AG. The
brand is known for luxury vehicles, buses, coaches, and lorries. The
headquarters is in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg. The name first
appeared in 1926 under Daimler-Benz.
Mercedes-Benz traces its origins to Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft's
1901 Mercedes and Karl Benz's 1886 Benz Patent-Motorwagen, which is
widely regarded as the first gasoline-powered automobile. The slogan
for the brand is "the best or nothing".
2 Subsidiaries and alliances
3.2 Quality rankings
4.1 Current model range
4.2 Significant models produced
4.3.1 2015 and beyond
4.4 Environmental record
4.6 Electric cars
5.1 Formula One
6 Logo history
7 Noted employees
8.1 Robot cars
11 See also
13 External links
Karl Benz. Benz made the 1886 Benz Patent Motorwagen, which is widely
regarded as the first automobile.
Gottlieb Daimler, founder of Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft.
Mercedes-Benz traces its origins to Karl Benz's creation of the first
petrol-powered car, the Benz Patent Motorwagen, financed by Bertha
Benz and patented in January 1886, and
Gottlieb Daimler and
engineer Wilhelm Maybach's conversion of a stagecoach by the addition
of a petrol engine later that year. The Mercedes automobile was first
marketed in 1901 by
Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft (Daimler Motors
Emil Jellinek, an Austrian automobile entrepreneur who worked with
DMG, created the trademark in 1902, naming the 1901 Mercedes
35 hp after his daughter Mercedes Jellinek. Jellinek was a
businessman and marketing strategist who promoted "horseless" Daimler
automobiles among the highest circles of society in his adopted home,
which, at that time, was a meeting place for the "Haute Volée" of
France and Europe, especially in winter. His customers included the
Rothschild family and other well-known personalities. But Jellinek's
plans went further: as early as 1901, he was selling Mercedes cars in
the New World as well, including to US billionaires Rockefeller,
Astor, Morgan and Taylor. At a race in Nice in 1899, Jellinek drove
under the pseudonym "Monsieur Mercédès", a way of concealing the
competitor's real name as was normal in those days. The race ranks as
the hour of birth of the
Mercedes-Benz brand. In 1901, the name
"Mercedes" was registered by
worldwide as a protected trademark. The first
name vehicles were produced in 1926, following the merger of Karl
Benz's and Gottlieb Daimler's companies into the Daimler-Benz
company. On 28 June 1926,
Mercedes-Benz was formed with the
Karl Benz and Gottlieb Daimler's two companies.
Gottlieb Daimler was born on 17 March 1834 in Schorndorf. After
training as a gunsmith and working in France, he attended the
Polytechnic School in
Stuttgart from 1857 to 1859. After completing
various technical activities in France and England, he started work as
a draftsman in Geislingen in 1862. At the end of 1863, he was
appointed workshop inspector in a machine tool factory in Reutlingen,
where he met Wilhelm
Maybach in 1865.
Throughout the 1930s,
Mercedes-Benz produced the 770 model, a car that
was popular during Germany's Nazi period.
Adolf Hitler was known to
have driven these cars during his time in power, with bulletproof
windshields. Most of the surviving models have been sold at
auctions to private buyers. One of them is currently on display at the
War Museum in Ottawa, Ontario. The pontiff's
Popemobile has often been
sourced from Mercedes-Benz. In 1944, 46,000 forced laborers were
used in Daimler-Benz's factories to bolster Nazi war efforts. The
company later paid $12 million in reparations to the laborers'
Mercedes-Benz has introduced many technological and
safety innovations that later became common in other vehicles.
Mercedes-Benz is one of the best-known and established automotive
brands in the world.
For information relating to the famous three-pointed star, see under
Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft including the merger into
Subsidiaries and alliances
As part of the
Daimler AG company, the
Mercedes-Benz Cars division
Mercedes-Benz and Smart car production.
Mercedes-AMG became a majority owned division of
1999. The company was integrated into DaimlerChrysler in 1999,
Mercedes-Benz AMG beginning on 1 January 1999.
Daimler's ultra-luxury brand
Maybach was under
division until 2013, when the production stopped due to poor sales
volumes. It now exists under the Mercedes-
Maybach name, with the
models being ultra-luxury versions of Mercedes cars, such as the 2016
Daimler cooperates with
BYD Auto to make and sell a battery-electric
Denza in China. In 2016, Daimler announced plans to
Mercedes-Benz branded all-electric battery cars in China.
Beside its native Germany,
Mercedes-Benz vehicles are also
manufactured or assembled in:
Manufactures buses and trucks in cooperation with
Zetros, Unimog, and G-Class, Sprinter).
Manufactures buses, trucks, the Vito and the Sprinter van. This is the
Mercedes-Benz factory outside of Germany. Built in 1951.
Various models were assembled at the Australian Motor Industries
Port Melbourne from 1959 to 1965.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Manufactures trucks and buses. Established in 1956. The A-Class (W168)
was produced from 1999 to 2005 and the C-Class was produced until 2010
Fuel cell plant in
Burnaby, British Columbia
Burnaby, British Columbia opened 2012.
Assembly of buses, Established in
Soacha 2012 and
Egyptian German Automotive Company E-Class, C-Class and GLK
Valmet Automotive, New A-series (W176) is manufactured in Uusikaupunki
since late 2013, being the first M-B passenger car ever built in that
Manufacturing plant in Kecskemét, making B-class and CLA.
Bus company factory, Elba House, Amman.
Bangalore (MBRDI), Pune (Passenger cars). Chennai (Daimler India
Commercial Vehicles Pvt. Ltd.) Buses, Trucks & Engine
Asia / Australia
Manufactures E250 Avantgarde and E300AMG E-class vehicles.
Assembly of C, E and S class vehicles by DRB-HICOM.
Mexico fully manufactures some Mercedes and Daimler
vehicles completely from locally built parts (C-Class, E-Class,
M-Class, International trucks, Axor, Atego, and Mercedes Buses),
manufactures other models in complete knock down kits (CL-Class,
CLK-Class, SL-Class, SLK-Class) and manufactures a select number of
models in semi knockdown kits which use both imported components and
locally sourced Mexican components (S-Class, CLS-Class, R-Class,
Assembly of buses, trucks, utility motors and the Sprinter van
Car Trucks Vostok in Naberezhnye Chelny
(jointly Kamaz). Available in trucks Actros, Axor, multi-purpose auto
four wheel drive medium trucks Unimog.
Mercedes-Benz Sprinter Classic
is also produced in Russia.
Mercedes-Benz trucks under license.
Mercedes-Benz Vito, Viano and V-Class have
been built there.
The assembly plant is located in East London, in the Eastern Cape
province, where both right and left hand versions of the C-class are
Mercedes-Benz Musso and MB100;
Ssangyong Rexton models manufactured by
SsangYong Motor Company.
Assembly of C, E and S class vehicles by the Thonburi Group
Mercedes-Benz Türk A.Ş.
The SLR sports car was built at the
McLaren Technology Centre
McLaren Technology Centre in
Woking. Brackley, Northamptonshire, is home to the Mercedes Grand Prix
factory, and Brixworth, Northamptonshire is the location of
Mercedes-Benz GLE-Class Sport Utility, the full-sized GL-Class
Luxury Sport Utility and the
Mercedes-Benz C-Class vehicles are all
built at the
Mercedes-Benz U.S. International
Mercedes-Benz U.S. International production facility near
Tuscaloosa, Alabama. Trucks (6,000 per year in the early eighties)
were once assembled in Hampton, VA.
Assembly of E-Class, C-Class, S-Class, GLK-Class and Sprinter.
Established in 1995.
Assembly of Actros by the Shung Ye Group
Mercedes-Benz dealer in Munich, Germany.
Since its inception,
Mercedes-Benz had maintained a reputation for its
quality and durability. Objective measures looking at passenger
vehicles, such as
J. D. Power surveys, demonstrated a downturn in
reputation in these criteria in the late 1990s and early 2000s. By
mid-2005, Mercedes temporarily returned to the industry average for
initial quality, a measure of problems after the first 90 days of
ownership, according to J. D. Power. In J. D. Power's Initial
Quality Study for the first quarter of 2007, Mercedes showed dramatic
improvement by climbing from 25th to 5th place and earning several
awards for its models. For 2008, Mercedes-Benz's initial quality
rating improved by yet another mark, to fourth place. On top of
this accolade, it also received the Platinum Plant Quality Award for
its Mercedes’ Sindelfingen,
Germany assembly plant. J. D.
Power's 2011 US Initial Quality and Vehicle Dependability Studies both
Mercedes-Benz vehicles above average in build quality and
reliability. In the 2011 UK
J. D. Power Survey, Mercedes cars
were rated above average. A 2014 iSeeCars.com study for Reuters
found Mercedes to have the lowest vehicle recall rate.
See also: List of
Mercedes-Benz A-Class (compact)
Mercedes-Benz B-Class (Tourer)
Mercedes-Benz C-Class (D-segment)
Mercedes-Benz E-Class (Executive car)
Mercedes-Benz S-Class (luxury sedan)
Mercedes-Benz SLC-Class (Roadster)
Mercedes-Benz GLC-Class (SUV)
Mercedes-Benz GLE-Class (luxury SUV)
Mercedes-Benz GLS-Class (full-size SUV)
Current model range
Mercedes-Benz offers a full range of passenger, light commercial and
heavy commercial equipment. Vehicles are manufactured in multiple
countries worldwide. The Smart marque of city cars are also produced
by Daimler AG.
A-Class – Hatchback
Multi Purpose Vehicle
Multi Purpose Vehicle (MPV)
C-Class – Saloon, Estate,
Coupé and Cabriolet
CLA-Class – 4 Door
Coupé and Estate
CLS-Class – 4 Door
Coupé and Estate
E-Class – Saloon, Estate,
Coupé and Cabriolet
Sports Utility Vehicle
Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)
GLA-Class – Compact
Sports Utility Vehicle
Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)/ Crossover
Sports Utility Vehicle
Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)
Sports Utility Vehicle
Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)
GLS-Class – Large
Sports Utility Vehicle
Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)
S-Class – Luxury Saloon,
Coupé & Cabriolet
SL-Class – Grand Tourer
SLC-Class – Roadster
Multi Purpose Vehicle
Multi Purpose Vehicle (MPV)/ Van
AMG GT – Sports car/ Supercar
X-Class - Luxury Pickup Truck
Mercedes-Benz produces a range of vans; Citan (a rebadged version of
the Renault Kangoo), Vito and Sprinter.
See also: List of
Mercedes-Benz Zetros used for snowplowing
Unimog, a famous allround vehicle by Mercedes-Benz
Mercedes-Benz Trucks is now part of the Daimler Trucks division, and
includes companies that were part of the DaimlerChrysler merger.
Gottlieb Daimler sold the world's first truck in 1886. The first
factory to be built outside
Germany after WWII was in Argentina. It
originally built trucks, many of which were modified independently to
buses, popularly named Colectivo. Today, it builds buses, trucks, the
Vito and the Sprinter van.
Mercedes-Benz produces a wide range of buses and coaches, mainly for
Europe and Asia. The first model was produced by
Karl Benz in 1895.
Significant models produced
1928: SSK racing car
1930: 770 "Großer Mercedes" state and ceremonial car
1934: 500 K
1936: 260 D World's first diesel production car
1938: W195 Speed Record-breaker
1939: 320A A military vehicle
1951: 300, known as the "Adenauer Mercedes"
1953: "Ponton" models
1954: 300SL "Gullwing"
1959: "Fintail" models
1960: 220SE Cabriolet
1963: 600 "Grand Mercedes"
1963: 230SL "Pagoda"
1966: 300SEL 6.3
1968: W114 "new generation" compact cars
1969: C111 experimental vehicle
1972: W107 350SL
1974: 450SEL 6.9
1977: W123- Mercedes' first station wagon
1978: 300SD - Mercedes' first turbo diesel
1979: 500SEL and G-Class
1983: 190E 2.3–16
1989: 300SL, 500SL
1995: C43 AMG
1995: SL73 AMG, 7.3 V12
1997: A-Class and M-Class
2004: SLR McLaren and CLS-Class
BlueTec E320, GL320 Bluetec, ML320 Bluetec, R320 Bluetec
2010: SLS AMG
2016: AMG GT
Mercedes-Benz 600 or 600S Pullman Guard limousines offer the
option of armour-plating and have been used by diplomats
Mercedes-Benz utilized an alphanumeric system for
categorizing their vehicles, consisting of a number sequence
approximately equal to the engine's displacement in liters multiplied
by 100, followed by an arrangement of alphabetical suffixes indicating
body style and engine type.
"C" indicates a coupe or cabriolet body style (for example, the CL and
CLK models, though the C-Class is an exception, since it is also
available as a sedan or station wagon).
"D" indicates the vehicle is equipped with a diesel engine.
"E" (for "Einspritzung") indicates the vehicle's engine is equipped
with petrol fuel injection. Also used for electric models and plug-in
"G" was originally used for the Geländewagen off-road vehicle, but is
now applied to Mercedes SUVs in general (G, GLA, GLC, GLE and GLS).
"K" was used in the 1930s, indicating a supercharger ("Kompressor")
equipped engine. Two exceptions : the SSK and CLK, where K
indicates "Kurz" (short-wheelbase) (though the SSK had a
"L" indicates "Leicht" (lightweight) for sporting models, and "Lang"
(long-wheelbase) for sedan models.
"R" indicates "Rennen" (racing), used for racing cars (for example,
"S" Sonderklasse "
Special class" for flagship models, including the
S-Class, and the SL-Class, SLR McLaren and SLS sportscars.
"T" indicates "Touring" and an estate (or station wagon) body style.
Some models in the 1950s also had lower-case letters (b, c, and d) to
indicate specific trim levels. For other models, the numeric part of
the designation does not match the engine displacement. This was done
to show the model's position in the model range independent of
displacement or in the price matrix. For these vehicles, the actual
displacement in liters is suffixed to the model designation. An
exception was the 190-class with the numeric designation of "190" as
to denote its entry level in the model along with the displacement
label on the right side of the boot (190E 2.3 for 2.3-litre 4-cylinder
petrol motor, 190D 2.5 for 2.5-litre 5-cylinder diesel motor, and so
forth). Some older models (such as the SS and SSK) did not have a
number as part of the designation at all.
For the 1994 model year,
Mercedes-Benz revised the naming system.
Models were divided into "classes" denoted by an arrangement of up to
three letters (see "Current model range" above), followed by a
three-digit (or two-digit for AMG models, with the number
approximately equal to the displacement in litres multiplied by 10)
number related to the engine displacement as before. Variants of the
same model such as an estate version or a vehicle with a diesel engine
are no longer given a separate letter. The SLR, SLS and GT supercars
do not carry a numerical designation.
Today, many numerical designations no longer reflect the engine's
actual displacement but more of the relative performance and marketing
position. Despite its engine displacement in two litres, the
powerplant in the A45 AMG produces 355 brake horsepower so the
designation is higher as to indicate the greater performance. Another
example is the E250 CGI having greater performance than the E200 CGI
due to the different engine tuning even though both have 1.8-litre
engines. From the marketing perspective, E200 seems more "upscale"
than E180. Recent AMG models use the "63" designation (in honor of the
1960s 6.3-litre M100 engine) despite being equipped with either a
6.2-litre (M156), a 5.5-litre (M157) or even a 4.0-litre engine.
Some models carry further designations indicating special features:
"4MATIC" indicates the vehicle is equipped with all-wheel-drive.
"BlueTEC" indicates a diesel engine with selective catalytic reduction
"BlueEFFICIENCY" indicates special fuel economy features (direct
injection, start-stop system, aerodynamic modifications, etc.)
"CGI" (Charged Gasoline Injection) indicates direct gasoline
"CDI" (Common-rail Direct Injection) indicates a common-rail diesel
"Hybrid" indicates a petrol- or diesel-electric hybrid.
"NGT" indicates a natural gas-fueled engine.
"Kompressor" indicates a supercharged engine.
"Turbo" indicates a turbocharged engine, only used on A-, B-,E- and
"AMG Line" indicates the interior or engine, depending which car, has
been fitted with the luxuries of their AMG sports cars
Model designation badges can be removed at the request of the
2015 and beyond
Rationalisation of the model nomenclature was announced in November
2014 for future models. The changes consolidate many confusing
nomenclature and their placements in the model range such as CL-Class
is now called the S-Class Coupé. The naming structure is divided into
four categories: core, off-road vehicle/SUV, 4-door coupé, and
roadster. AMG GT, and V-Class are unaffected by the change. In October
2016, Mercedes unveiled the X-Class; a pickup truck built on the
Nissan Navara. At the 2016 Paris Motor Show, the company
announced the EQ, a family of upcoming battery electric vehicles based
on a modular platform, expected to represent up to 25% of its global
sales by 2025.
Note: The CLA is positioned between the A- and B-Class models, while
the CLS sits between the E- and S-Classes.
In addition to the revised nomenclature,
Mercedes-Benz has new
nomenclature for the drive systems.
Natural Gas Drive
c for "compressed natural gas"
B 200 c
d for "diesel"
E 350 d
GLA 200 d
e for "electric"
S 500 e
B 250 e
f for "fuel cell"
B 200 f
h for "hybrid"
S 400 h
E 300 h
E 400 4MATIC
The revised A45 AMG for 2016 model year on has shifted the model
designation to the right side while AMG is on the left side. This
trend commenced with Mercedes-
Maybach with MAYBACH on the left and
S500/S600 on the right.
Mercedes-Benz has developed multi concept cars with alternative
propulsion, such as hybrid-electric, fully electric, and fuel-cell
powertrains. At the 2007 Frankfurt motor show,
seven hybrid models, including the F700 concept car, powered by a
hybrid-electric drivetrain featuring the
DiesOtto engine. In
Mercedes-Benz displayed three BlueZERO concepts at the North
American International Auto Show. Each car features a different
powertrain - battery-electric, fuel-cell electric, and
gasoline-electric hybrid. In the same year, Mercedes also
showed the Vision S500 PHEV concept with a 19 miles (31 km)
all-electric range and CO2 emissions of 74 grams/km in the New
European Driving Cycle.
Mercedes-Benz has developed the F-Cell fuel cell vehicle.
The current version, based on the B-Class, has a 250-mile range and is
available for lease, with volume production scheduled to begin in
2014. Mercedes has also announced the SLS AMG E-Cell, a fully electric
version of the SLS sports car, with deliveries expected in 2013.
Mercedes-Benz S400 BlueHYBRID was launched in 2009, and is the
first production automotive hybrid in the world to use a lithium-ion
battery. In mid-2010, production commenced on the Vito
E-Cell all-electric van. Mercedes expects 100 vehicles to be produced
by the end of 2010 and a further 2000 by the end of 2011.
Mercedes-Benz announced that it would have a demonstration
fleet of small electric cars in two to three years. Mercedes-Benz
and Smart are preparing for the widespread uptake of electric vehicles
(EVs) in the UK by beginning the installation of recharging points
across their dealer networks. So far 20
Elektrobay recharging units,
produced in the UK by Brighton-based Elektromotive, have been
installed at seven locations as part of a pilot project, and further
expansion of the initiative is planned later in 2010.
In the United States,
Mercedes-Benz was assessed a record
US$30.66 million fine for their decision to not meet the federal
corporate average fuel economy standard in 2009. Certain
Mercedes-Benz cars, including the S550 and all AMG models sold in the
United States, also face an additional gas guzzler tax. However,
newer AMG models fitted with the M157 engine will not be subject to
the gas-guzzler tax, due to improved fuel economy, and newer
models powered by the M276 and M278 engines will have better fuel
economy. In 2008, Mercedes also had the worst CO2 average of all major
European manufacturers, ranking 14th out of 14 manufacturers.
Mercedes was also the worst manufacturer in 2007 and 2006 in terms of
average CO2 levels, with 181 g and 188 g of CO2 emitted per
In May 2017, Mercedes partnered with
Vivint Solar to develop a
solar-energy home storage battery.
In February 2018, it was announced that Mercedes cabin air filters
Asthma and Allergy Friendly Certification. 
Mercedes-Benz Accessories GmbH introduced three new bicycles in
2005, and the range has developed to include the patent pending
Foldingbike in 2007. Other models include the
Bike, Trekking Bike, Fitness Bike and the Trailblazer
Mercedes is to open its sixth battery factory in 2018, which makes it
a tough competitor to
Tesla, Inc. The six factories will be
established across 3 continents.
The brand also has planned to launch its electric EQ brand with an SUV
being set for production in the year 2019.
2022 will be the year in which Daimler has said that the company will
have invested $11 billion to ensure that every
Mercedes-Benz has a
fully electric or hybrid version available on the market.
While releasing details of the project, Markus Schäfer said,
"Our electric vehicles will be built in six plants on three
continents. We address every market segment: from the smart fortwo
seater, to the large SUV. The battery is the key component of
e-mobility. As batteries are the heart of our electric vehicles we put
a great emphasis on building them in our own factories. With our
global battery network we are in an excellent position: As we are
close to our vehicle plants we can ensure the optimal supply of
production. In case of a short-term high demand in another part of the
world our battery factories are also well prepared for export. The
electric initiative of
Mercedes-Benz Cars is right on track. Our
global production network is ready for e-mobility. We are electrifying
Mercedes-Benz in motorsport
Mercedes Simplex 1906 in the Deutsches Museum
The two companies which were merged to form the
Mercedes-Benz brand in
1926 had both already enjoyed success in the new sport of motor racing
throughout their separate histories. A single Benz competed in the
world's first motor race, the 1894 Paris–Rouen, where Émile Roger
finished 14th in 10 hours 1 minute. Throughout its long history, the
company has been involved in a range of motorsport activities,
including sports car racing and rallying. On several occasions
Mercedes-Benz has withdrawn completely from motorsport for a
significant period, notably in the late 1930s, and after the 1955 Le
Mans disaster, where a
Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR
Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR rammed another car (An
Austin-Healey), took off into the stands, and killed more than 80
Stirling Moss and co-driver
Denis Jenkinson made history
by winning the 1955
Mille Miglia road race in Italy during a
record-breaking drive with an average speed of almost 98 mph in a
Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR.
Although there was some activity in the intervening years, it was not
until 1987 that
Mercedes-Benz returned to front line competition,
returning to Le Mans,
Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft
Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft (DTM), and
Formula One with Sauber. The 1990s saw
Mercedes-Benz purchase British
Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines), and
campaign IndyCars under the USAC/CART rules, eventually winning the
1994 Indianapolis 500
1994 Indianapolis 500 and 1994 CART Indy
Car World Series Championship
Al Unser, Jr.
Al Unser, Jr. at the wheel. The 1990s also saw the return of
Mercedes-Benz to GT racing, and the
Mercedes-Benz CLK GTR, both of
which took the company to new heights by dominating the FIA's GT1
Mercedes-Benz is currently active in four motorsport categories,
Formula Three, DTM,
Formula One and GT3.
Formula One cars at the 2013 Malaysian Grand Prix.
Mercedes-Benz in Formula One
Mercedes-Benz took part in the world championship in 1954 and 1955,
but despite being successful with two championship titles for
Juan-Manuel Fangio, the company left the sport after just two
seasons. Fangio is considered by many to be the best F1 driver in
Mercedes-Benz returned as an engine supplier in the 1990s and
Team McLaren for some years, to which it has supplied
engines engineered by Ilmor since 1995. This partnership brought
success, including drivers championships for
Mika Häkkinen in 1998
and 1999, and for
Lewis Hamilton in 2008, as well as a constructors
championship in 1998. The collaboration with McLaren had been extended
into the production of roadgoing cars such as the
In 2007, McLaren-Mercedes was fined a record US$100 million for
stealing confidential Ferrari technical data.
In 2009, Ross Brawn's newly conceived
Formula One team,
Brawn GP used
Mercedes engines to help win the constructor's championship, and
Jenson Button to become champion in the F1 drivers' championship. At
the end of the season,
Mercedes-Benz sold its 40% stake in McLaren to
the McLaren Group and bought 70% of the
Brawn GP team jointly with an
Abu Dhabi-based investment consortium.
Brawn GP was renamed Mercedes
GP for the 2010 season and is, from this season on, a works team for
Mercedes-Benz. As of 2017, the company currently provides engines to
Williams Martini Racing and Sahara Force
India F1 Team.
In 2014, Mercedes clinched its first F1 Constructor's title with
Lewis Hamilton and
Nico Rosberg with 3 races to go, after
dominating much of the season. Mercedes repeated its dominance in 2015
in similar fashion, losing only 3 races out of 19 once again. Mercedes
yet again dominated in 2016, losing only 2 races out of 21. In 2017,
Mercedes secured a 4th title. In these four years of dominance, Lewis
Hamilton won the F1 drivers' championship in 2014, 2015, and 2017
Nico Rosberg won in 2016.
In June 1909,
Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft (DMG) registered both a
three-pointed and a four-pointed star as trademarks, but only the
three-pointed star was used. To DMG, the star symbolized Gottlieb
Daimler's aims for universal motorization: on land, water and in the
Paul Bracq – major designer of automobiles in the 20th century
Béla Barényi – car safety pioneer (rigid passenger safety shell),
Daimler-Benz in 1937
Maybach – automotive pioneer, first met
Gottlieb Daimler in
Ferdinand Porsche – founder of Porsche, joined Mercedes in 1923 and
developed the Kompressor 
Bruno Sacco – joined
Daimler-Benz as a designer in 1958. Head of
Design in 1975, retired in 1999
Rudolf Uhlenhaut – joined
Daimler-Benz in 1931, his designs included
the Silver Arrows, the 300 SL and 300SLR
Adolf Eichmann – former Nazi criminal. Worked in Argentina's factory
Rudolf Caracciola – one of the greatest GP drivers in history drove
Silver Arrows in competition.
Josef Ganz - Technical consultant and "Godfather" of the
Mercedes-Benz W136, with the revolutionary Independent suspension,
Swing axle layout.
Juan Manuel Fangio
Juan Manuel Fangio - Five time
Formula 1 World Champion, honorary
Argentina from 1987 until his death in
Michael Schumacher - Seven time
Formula 1 World Champion, drove for
Mercedes in the World
Endurance Championship in the 80s and then in
Formula One Team from 2010 till 2012.
Lewis Hamilton - Four-time
Formula 1 World Champion, current driver
for in their
Formula One Team since2013 who holds the record for most
pole positions in F1 since the 2017 Italian Grand Prix. Despite being
a Mercedes driver since 2013, Hamilton has competed his entire career
using Mercedes engines since 2007 and has been affiliated with
Mercedes since he was 13 years old.
Nico Rosberg - 2016
Formula 1 World Champion, drove for Mercedes in
Formula One Team from 2010 till 2016. Rosberg won all his races
and achieved all his pole positions with Mercedes and is currently a
brand ambassador for Mercedes.
Numerous technological innovations have been introduced on
Mercedes-Benz automobiles throughout the many years of their
The internal combustion engine automobile was developed independently
by Benz and Daimler &
Maybach in 1886
Daimler invented the honeycomb radiator of the type still used on all
water-cooled vehicles today
Daimler invented the float carburetor which was used until replaced by
The "drop chassis" – the car originally designated the "Mercedes" by
Daimler was also the first car with a modern configuration, having the
carriage lowered and set between the front and rear wheels, with a
front engine and powered rear wheels. All earlier cars were "horseless
carriages", which had high centres of gravity and various
The first passenger road car to have brakes on all four wheels
In 1936, the
Mercedes-Benz 260 D
Mercedes-Benz 260 D was the first diesel-powered
Mercedes-Benz were the first to offer direct fuel injection on the
Mercedes-Benz 300SL Gullwing
The "safety cage" or "safety cell" construction with front and rear
crumple zones was first developed by
Mercedes-Benz in 1951. This is
considered by many as the most important innovation in automobile
construction from a safety standpoint[verification needed]
Mercedes-Benz patented a device that prevents drive wheels
from spinning by intervening at the engine, transmission, or brakes.
Mercedes-Benz applied its patent by introducing a traction
control system that worked under both braking and acceleration
Brake system (ABS) was first offered on the W116 450SEL
6.9. They became standard on the W126 S-Class starting production in
1979 and first sold in most markets in 1980.
Airbags were first introduced in the European market, beginning with
model year 1981 S-Class.
Mercedes-Benz was the first to introduce pre-tensioners to seat belts
on the 1981 S-Class. In the event of a crash, a pre-tensioner will
tighten the belt instantaneously, removing any 'slack' in the belt,
which prevents the occupant from jerking forward in a crash
In September 2003,
Mercedes-Benz introduced the world's first
seven-speed automatic transmission called '7G-Tronic'
Electronic Stability Programme (ESP), brake assist, and many other
types of safety equipment were all developed, tested, and implemented
into passenger cars – first – by Mercedes-Benz.
not made a large fuss about its innovations, and has even licensed
them for use by competitors – in the name of improving automobile
and passenger safety. As a result, crumple zones and anti-lock brakes
(ABS) are now standard on all modern vehicles.[verification needed]
Mercedes M156 engine
The (W211) E320 CDI which has a variable geometry turbocharger (VGT)
3.0-litre V6 common rail diesel engine (producing 224 hp or
167 kW), set three world endurance records. It covered 100,000
miles (160,000 km) in a record time, with an average speed of
224.823 km/h (139.70 mph). Three identical cars did the
endurance run (one set above record) and the other two cars set world
records for time taken to cover 100,000 kilometres (62,137 mi)
and 50,000 miles (80,000 km) respectively. After all three cars
had completed the run, their combined distance was 300,000 miles
(480,000 km) (all records were FIA approved).[clarification
Mercedes-Benz pioneered a system called
Pre-Safe to detect an imminent
crash – and prepares the car's safety systems to respond optimally.
It also calculates the optimal braking force required to avoid an
accident in emergency situations, and makes it immediately available
for when the driver depresses the brake pedal. Occupants are also
prepared by tightening the seat belt, closing the sunroof and windows,
and moving the seats into the optimal position.
At 181 horsepower per litre, the M133 engine installed in
Mercedes-Benz A45 AMG is the most powerful series production
four-cylinder turbocharged motor (as of June 2013) and has one of the
highest power density for a passenger vehicle.
Half a century of vehicle safety innovation helped win Mercedes-Benz
the Safety Award at the 2007 What Car? Awards.
Main article: Driverless car
In the 1980s, Mercedes built the world's first robot car, together
with the team of Professor
Ernst Dickmanns at Bundeswehr University
Munich. Encouraged in part by Dickmanns' success, in 1987 the
EUREKA programme initiated the Prometheus Project on
autonomous vehicles, funded to the tune of nearly €800 million.
In 1995 Dickmanns' re-engineered autonomous S-Class Mercedes took a
long trip from
Munich in Bavaria to
Copenhagen in Denmark, and back.
On highways, the robot achieved speeds exceeding 175 km/h
(109 mph) (permissible in some areas of the German Autobahn).
In October 2015, the company introduced the Vision Tokyo, a five-seat
self-driving electric van powered by a hybrid hydrogen fuel-cell
system. The super-sleek van is touted as "a chill-out zone in the
midst of megacity traffic mayhem." 
Several companies have become car tuners (or modifiers) of Mercedes
Benz, in order to increase performance and/or luxury to a given model.
AMG is Mercedes-Benz's in-house performance-tuning division,
specialising in high-performance versions of most
AMG engines are all hand-built, and each completed engine receives
a tag with the signature of the engineer who built it. AMG has been
wholly owned by
Mercedes-Benz since 1999. The 2009 SLS AMG, a
revival of the 300SL Gullwing, is the first car to be entirely
developed by AMG.
There are numerous independent tuners including Brabus, Carlsson,
Kleemann and Renntech.
Mercedes-Benz sponsors the German national football team.
Mercedes-Benz sponsors the
Germany national team.
Mercedes-Benz sponsors Bundesliga club VfB
Stuttgart and provides the
naming rights for their stadium, the
Mercedes-Benz Arena. The company
also holds the naming rights to the
Mercedes-Benz Superdome, an
American football stadium in New Orleans, Louisiana, United
States. On 24 August 2015,
Mercedes-Benz was announced as the
naming rights sponsor for the Atlanta Falcons' new home, Mercedes-Benz
Stadium, (Mercedes-Benz's US headquarters are in Greater Atlanta)
which opened in August 2017.
Diesel emissions scandal
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Links to related articles
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Mercedes-Benz road car timeline, 1926–1944 —
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Automotive industry in Germany
Economy of Germany
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Defunct vehicle producers
Automobile and Engine
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