Mentha arvensis, the corn mint, field mint, or wild mint, is a species
of flowering plant in the mint family Lamiaceae. It has a circumboreal
distribution, being native to the temperate regions of
western and central Asia, east to the
Himalaya and eastern Siberia,
and North America.
Mentha canadensis, the related species, is
also included in
Mentha arvensis by some authors as two varieties, M.
arvensis var. glabrata Fernald (in reference to North American plants
such as American Wild Mint) and M. arvensis var. piperascens Malinv.
ex L. H. Bailey (in reference to eastern Asian plants such as Japanese
6 External links
Wild mint is a herbaceous perennial plant generally growing to
10–60 cm (3.9–23.6 in) and rarely up to 100 cm
(39 in) tall. It has a creeping rootstock from which grow erect
or semi-sprawling squarish stems. The leaves are in opposite pairs,
simple, 2–6.5 cm (0.79–2.56 in) long and 1–2 cm
(0.39–0.79 in) broad, hairy, and with a coarsely serrated
margin. The flowers are pale purple (occasionally white or pink), in
whorls on the stem at the bases of the leaves. Each flower is 3 to
4 mm (0.12 to 0.16 in) long and has a five-lobed hairy
calyx, a four-lobed corolla with the uppermost lobe larger than the
others and four stamens. The fruit is a two-chambered
Some authors claims that Japanese Mint (arvensis var. piperasce)
originated from China.
Mentha arvensis subsp. arvensis.
Mentha arvensis subsp. agrestis (Sole) Briq.
Mentha arvensis subsp. austriaca (Jacq.) Briq.
Mentha arvensis subsp. lapponica (Wahlenb.) Neuman
Mentha arvensis subsp. palustris (Moench) Neumann
Mentha arvensis subsp. parietariifolia (Becker) Briq.
Mentha arvensis subsp. haplocalyx (Linnaeus, eg var.
The related species
Mentha canadensis is also included in M. arvensis
by some authors as two varieties, M. arvensis var. glabrata Fernald
(in reference to North American plants) and M. arvensis var.
piperascens Malinv. ex L. H. Bailey (in reference to eastern Asian
In ayurveda, Pudina is considered as appetizer and useful in gastric
troubles. In Europe, wild mint[which?] was traditionally used to
treat flatulence, digestive problems, gall bladder problems and
coughs. The Aztecs used it for similar purposes and
also to induce sweating and cure insomnia. The oil was extracted and
rubbed into the skin for aches and pains. The Native Americans also
used it in several traditional ways. It is currently used in many
countries for various ailments. Mint extracts and menthol-related
chemicals are used in food, drinks, cough medicines, creams and
Chemical substances that can be extracted from wild mint include
menthol, menthone, isomenthone, neomenthol, limonene, methyl acetate,
piperitone, beta-caryophyllene, alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, tannins and
Menthol is widely used in dental care as a topical antibacterial
agent, effective against streptococci and lactobacilli. Menthol
extracted from Japanese mint is also commonly used in pharmaceutical
and oral preparations like toothpastes, dental creams, beverages and
Two main diseases that can significantly damage Japanese mint (M.
arvensis var. piperascens) and its yield are the rust fungus and the
mildew attacks. Mildew attacks usually only occur on the west coast of
United States where the weather can be foggy and humid, a condition
that attracts mildew. Rust fungus is a disease that is common for most
Mentha plants such as peppermint and spearmint. These diseases
are flagged due to the almost to none probability of controlling once
it starts in a mint farm. They are typically cut immediately when
discovered to help reduce the probability of contaminating the rest of
the plant leaves.
^ a b Euro+Med Plantbase Project:
Mentha arvensis Archived 2011-07-18
at the Wayback Machine.
Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).
Agricultural Research Service
Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 18 December 2017.
^ a b Flora of NW Europe:
Mentha arvensis Archived 2008-03-11 at the
^ a b "
Mentha canadensis". Germplasm Resources Information Network
Agricultural Research Service
Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department
of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 18 December 2017.
^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (1947), CRC World dictionary of plant names:
Common names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synyonyms, and Etymology, III
M-Q, CRC Press, p. 1659
^ Blamey, M. & Grey-Wilson, C. (1989). Flora of Britain and
Northern Europe. ISBN 0-340-40170-2
^ Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan
^ "Corn mint:
Mentha arvensis". NatureGate. Retrieved
^ Lipman, Elinor, ed. Report of a working group on medicinal and
aromatic plants. Bioversity International, 2009.
Mentha sachalinensis in Flora of China". Flora of China (series)
Vol 17. p. 237.
Mentha sachalinensis (Briquet ex Miyabe &
Miyake) Kudô, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo. 43(10): 47. 1921.
东北薄荷 dong bei bo he.
^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (1947). CRC World dictionary of plant names:
Common names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synyonyms, and Etymology. III
M-Q. CRC Press. p. 1659.
^ Khalsa, Karta Purkh Singh; Tierra, Michael (2008). The way of
ayurvedic herbs : the most complete guide to natural healing and
health with traditional ayurvedic herbalism (1st ed.). Twin Lakes,
Wis.: Lotus. p. 313. ISBN 0940985985.
^ a b Maria Kostka-Rokosz, Yelena Yalli, Lana Dvorkin, Julia Whelan.
Mentha Arvensis Piperascens". Boston Healing Landscape Project.
Boston University School of Medicine. Archived from the original on
2015-03-19. Retrieved 2013-12-12. CS1 maint: Uses authors
^ Freires IA, Denny C, Benso B, de Alencar SM, Rosalen PL (22 April
2015). "Antibacterial Activity of Essential Oils and Their Isolated
Constituents against Cariogenic Bacteria: A Systematic Review".
Molecules. 20 (4): 7329–7358. doi:10.3390/molecules20047329.
PMID 25911964. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
^ Farooqi, A. A., Sreeramu, B. S., & Srinivasappa, K. N. (2005).
Cultivation of spice crops. Universities Press.
^ Sievers, A. F., & Lowman, M. S. (1933). Commercial possibilities
of Japanese mint in the United States as a source of natural menthol
(No. 378). US Dept. of Agriculture.
Media related to
Mentha arvensis at Wikimedia Commons
Data related to
Mentha arvensis at Wikispecies
Jepson Manual Treatment
Plant List: kew-124385