MENLO PARK is a city at the eastern edge of San Mateo County , in the
San Francisco Bay Area of California, in the United States. It is
San Francisco Bay on the north and east; East Palo Alto ,
Palo Alto , and Stanford to the south; Atherton , North Fair Oaks ,
and Redwood City to the west. Menlo Park is one of the most educated
cities in the state of
* 1 Geography * 2 History
* 3 Demographics
* 3.1 2010 * 3.2 2000
* 4 Government and politics
* 4.1 County, state, and federal representation
* 5 Education
* 6 Economy
* 6.1 Top employers
* 7 Notable people * 8 See also * 9 Notes * 10 References * 11 External links
According to the
The residential areas of Menlo Park are unofficially divided into several neighborhoods. Belle Haven is the only neighborhood east of the Bayshore Freeway; much of the rest of that area is business or protected land. Between Middlefield road (a road almost parallel to Bayshore) and Bayshore are the neighborhoods of the Willows, Suburban Park, Lorelei Manor, Flood Triangle, Vintage Oaks, and South of Seminary (the seminary being Saint Patrick\'s Seminary ). Between Middlefield and El Camino Real are Felton Gables, Linfield Oaks, and Park Forest. West of El Camino Real until the hills are the neighborhoods of Downtown Menlo Park, Central Menlo Park, and Allied Arts (sometimes also known as Stanford Park, it is named for the Allied Arts Guild in it). In the hills are Sharon Heights and Stanford Hills. Several other neighborhoods are closely associated with Menlo Park but are actually in unincorporated San Mateo county; these include Menlo Oaks and Fair Oaks (latter part of the North Fair Oaks census area) between Bayshore and Middlefield, University Heights (also known as West Menlo Park) between Sharon Heights and most of the rest of the city, and Stanford Weekend Acres which is somewhat near Stanford Hills.
Menlo Park Station, ca. 1918
In 1851 two Irish immigrants, Dennis J. Oliver and his brother-in-law D. C. McGlynn, purchased a 1,700-acre (690 ha) tract of land on the former Rancho de las Pulgas. In the 1854 they erected a gate with a wooden arch bearing the inscription "Menlo Park" and the date "August 1854" at the entrance to their property (now the intersection of Middle Ave and El Camino Real). The word "Menlo" derived from the owners' former home of Menlo in County Galway, Ireland, and is an Anglicized version of the original Irish name of the place, Mionloch, meaning "middle lake".
In 1863, the
San Francisco and San Jose Rail Road had built the
In 1917/1918 a large portion of Menlo Park was the site of Camp Fremont , a training camp for, at its height, 27,000 men being sent to fight in World War 1 . It didn't last long, the camp was dismantled after the war, but army engineers paved the first streets in Menlo Park and laid the first water and gas lines. The army did retain the camp hospital and that is now the site of a Veterans Administration hospital off of Willow road in Menlo Park. In the autumn of 1918 the 1918 flu pandemic hit Camp Fremont and killed 147.
The city originally incorporated in 1874 but dissolved after two years; it was permanently incorporated in 1927.
At the start of World War 2 the US government bought the 260-acre (110 ha) estate of Timothy Hopkins from his widow and created the Palo Alto General Hospital later renamed the Dibble General Hospital (after Colonel John Dibble who was killed in 1943). After the war ended some of the land was sold to the city and is where the main library and city hall exist. More of the land was bought by Stanford University to house the increase in students due to the G.I. bill ; the area was known as the "Stanford Village" which existed as student housing until the mid-1960s. This land also was the site of the Stanford Research Institute (now SRI International ) starting in 1947; between 1955 and 1968 SRI bought the rest of the Stanford Village.
In the 1960s the former 600 acres (240 ha) estate of Frederick W. Sharon (1859–1914) (son of Senator William Sharon ) and his wife, Louise Tevis Breckinridge Sharon (1858–1938) (daughter of Lloyd Tevis and divorced wife of John Witherspoon Breckinridge ), in the hills of south west Menlo Park was developed and called "Sharon Heights".
EST. 2016 33,888
U.S. Decennial Census
The Census reported that 31,181 people (97.4% of the population) lived in households, 599 (1.9%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 246 (0.8%) were institutionalized.
There were 12,347 households, out of which 4,112 (33.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 6,163 (49.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,039 (8.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 371 (3.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 642 (5.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships , and 102 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships . 3,672 households (29.7%) were made up of individuals and 1,371 (11.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53. There were 7,573 families (61.3% of all households); the average family size was 3.20.
In terms of age 7,805 residents (24.4%) were under the age of 18, 1,817 people (5.7%) aged 18 to 24, 9,563 people (29.9%) aged 25 to 44, 8,263 people (25.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 4,578 people (14.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.7 years. For every 100 females there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.
There were 13,085 housing units at an average density of 1,336.6 per square mile (516.1/km²), of which 6,927 (56.1%) were owner-occupied, and 5,420 (43.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.2%. 18,972 people (59.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 12,209 people (38.1%) lived in rental housing units.
DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE 2010
Total Population 32,026 – 100.0%
One Race 30,588 – 95.5%
Not Hispanic or Latino 26,124 – 81.6%
White alone 19,841 – 62.0%
Black or African American alone 1,482 – 4.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone 43 – 0.1%
Asian alone 3,132 – 9.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 446 – 1.4%
Some other race alone 73 – 0.2%
Two or more races alone 1,107 – 3.5%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 5,902 – 18.4%
As of the census of 2009, there were 33,690 people, 12,543 households, and 7,248 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,441.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,328.7/km2). There were 14,026 housing units at an average density of 1,432.7 per square mile (553.2/km²). 64.2% spoke English, 19.5% Spanish, other Indo-European 4.2%, 4.6% Chinese or Mandarin , and other language 0.7%, as their first language from estimate census 2009.
There were 12,543 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.67% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the city, the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.
As of the 2000 estimate census, the median income for a household in the city was $82,609. Males had a median income of $77,766 versus $59,101 for females. The per capita income for the city was $51,341. About 5.9% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.8% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those over age 64. As of 2009 the median income for a family was $123,251.
GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS
City Council members are elected at-large to staggered, 4-year terms, in non-partisan municipal elections held every two years.
COUNTY, STATE, AND FEDERAL REPRESENTATION
On the San Mateo County Board of Supervisors , Menlo Park is split between Supervisorial District 3 (west of El Camino Real) and Supervisorial District 4 (east of El Camino Real). represented by Don Horsley and Warren Slocum, respectively.
For primary schools, the central portions of Menlo Park are served by
Menlo Park City School District , while the Belle Haven
neighborhood and VA hospital are served by the Ravenswood City School
District , and the Sharon Heights and Stanford Hills neighborhoods
served by the
Las Lomitas Elementary School District . For high
school, Menlo Park is part of the
Sequoia Union High School District
Catholic parochial schools are St. Raymond Catholic Elementary School
and Nativity Elementary School. Peninsula School is a private
progressive primary school. Trinity School is an Episcopalian
Alto International School
For higher education, Saint Patrick\'s Seminary and University is a Catholic seminary in Menlo Park. Fuller Theological Seminary , an evangelical Christian school, has a branch campus in Menlo Park. Menlo College and Menlo School , which is a prep school, despite their names are in neighboring Atherton .
There are two libraries within the city, the Main branch and the Belle Haven branch. These libraries are part of the Peninsula Library System and share many resources with other nearby libraries.
# EMPLOYER # OF EMPLOYEES
3 SRI International 1,373
5 Pacific Biosciences 330
6 SHR Hotel, L.L.C. 315
8 Intersect ENT 275
9 Safeway Inc. 245
10 City of Menlo Park 259
Joan Baez , folk singer
Isaac Baron , professional poker player
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