HOME
The Info List - Memory Stick


--- Advertisement ---



Memory Stick
Memory Stick
is a removable flash memory card format, originally launched by Sony
Sony
in late 1998.[1] In addition to the original Memory Stick, this family includes the Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO, a revision that allows greater maximum storage capacity and faster file transfer speeds; Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Duo, a small-form-factor version of the Memory Stick (including the PRO Duo); the even smaller Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Micro (M2), and the Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO-HG, a high speed variant of the PRO to be used in high-definition video and still cameras. As a proprietary format, Sony
Sony
exclusively used Memory Stick
Memory Stick
on their products in the 2000s such as Cyber-shot
Cyber-shot
cameras, VAIO
VAIO
PCs and the PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable,[2] with the format being licensed to a few other companies early in its lifetime. With increasing popularity of SD card, in 2010 Sony
Sony
started to support the SD card
SD card
format, which was seen as a Sony
Sony
loss in the format war.[3] Despite this, Sony
Sony
continued to support Memory Stick
Memory Stick
on certain devices.

Contents

1 History 2 Applications 3 Formats and form factors

3.1 Memory Stick 3.2 Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Select 3.3 Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO 3.4 Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Duo 3.5 Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO Duo 3.6 Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO-HG Duo 3.7 Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Micro (M2) 3.8 Memory Stick
Memory Stick
XC 3.9 Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO-HG Duo HX

4 Mark 2 Certification 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] The original Memory Stick, which was launched in October 1998, was available in sizes up to 128 MB. In October 1999 Sony
Sony
licensed the technology to Fujitsu, Aiwa, Sanyo, Sharp, Pioneer and Kenwood, in a bid to avoid a repetition of the Betamax
Betamax
failure.[4] Other companies were also licensees to the format. Some early examples of Memory Stick
Memory Stick
usage by third-party companies include Sharp's MP3 players, Alpine's in-dash players, and Epson's printers.[5] Initially the format had a lukewarm reception, but it soon increased in popularity, especially after the licensing deal. In spring 2001, Memory Stick
Memory Stick
attained 25% market share (against CompactFlash's 40% and SmartMedia's 32%), up from 7% a year earlier. By May 2001, total shipment of Memory Stick
Memory Stick
units surpassed 10 million.[6] However the SD card, jointly developed by Toshiba, Panasonic
Panasonic
and SanDisk, became widely popular among companies and soon became the most popular flash format - by November 2003 it held 42% market share in the United States, ahead of CompactFlash's 26% and Memory Stick with 16%.[7] Eventually Sony
Sony
themselves became the only company to support the format. Sony
Sony
were often criticized for the Memory Stick
Memory Stick
as they were deemed to be expensive compared to other formats.[8] As of January 2010[update], it appears that Sony
Sony
is beginning to combine support for SD/SDHC and Memory Stick
Memory Stick
formats in their products. All digital cameras and camcorders announced by Sony
Sony
at the 2010 Consumer Electronics Show
Consumer Electronics Show
can use SD and SDHC cards as well as Memory Sticks.[9][10][11][12][13] Furthermore, Sony
Sony
is releasing its own line of SD cards.[14] Many claim this development as the end of the format war between Memory Stick
Memory Stick
and SD card. However, Sony
Sony
did not abandon the format at this time, and has indicated it will continue development of the format for the foreseeable future. A prime example is the development of WiFi transfers through a special Memory Stick Pro-Duo which is still in development as of 2011.[15][16][17][18][19][20][21] Memory Stick
Memory Stick
cards were almost entirely produced by Sony
Sony
themselves. SanDisk
SanDisk
and Lexar
Lexar
were among few third-party Memory Stick
Memory Stick
producers. Applications[edit] Typically, Memory Sticks are used as storage media for a portable device, in a form that can easily be removed for access by a personal computer. For example, Sony
Sony
digital compact cameras use Memory Stick for storing image files. With a Memory Stick-capable Memory card reader a user can copy the pictures taken with the Sony
Sony
digital camera to a computer. Sony
Sony
typically includes Memory Stick
Memory Stick
reader hardware in its first party consumer electronics, such as digital cameras, digital music players, PDAs, cellular phones, the VAIO
VAIO
line of laptop computers, and the Sony's handheld device, the PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable. A special Memory Stick
Memory Stick
can be inserted in the hindquarters[22] of Sony's AIBO
AIBO
robot pet, to enable the use of Aiboware—software intended for use on AIBOs. The Sticks include a copy protection mechanism used by the robot, allowing users to write programs. These are referred to as programmable or programming. Only 8 MB and 16 MB versions are available. Formats and form factors[edit] Memory Sticks include a wide range of actual formats, including three different form factors. Memory Stick[edit]

The original Memory Stick

Sony
Sony
Memory Stick
Memory Stick
with MagicGate

The original Memory Stick
Memory Stick
is approximately the size and thickness of a stick of chewing gum. It was available in sizes from 4 MB to 128 MB. It was available both with and without MagicGate support. The MagicGate supporting memory sticks were white colored, while the standard version was purple. The original Memory Stick
Memory Stick
is no longer manufactured. Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Select[edit]

Lexar
Lexar
256 MB Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Select with memory switch.

In response to the storage limitations of the original Memory Stick, Sony
Sony
introduced the Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Select at CES 2003 on January 9.[23] The Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Select was two separate 128 MB partitions which the user could switch between using a (physical) switch on the card. This solution was fairly unpopular, but it did give users of older Memory Stick
Memory Stick
devices more capacity. Its physical size was still the same as the original Memory Stick. Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO[edit] The Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO, introduced on January 9, 2003 as a joint effort between Sony
Sony
and SanDisk,[24] would be the longer-lasting solution to the space problem. Most devices that use the original Memory Sticks support both the original and PRO sticks since both formats have identical form factors. Some readers that were not compatible could be upgraded to Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO support via a firmware update. Memory Stick PROs have a marginally higher transfer speed and a maximum theoretical capacity of 32 GB, although it appears capacities higher than 4 GB are only available in the PRO Duo form factor. High Speed Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PROs are available, and newer devices support this high speed mode, allowing for faster file transfers. All Memory Stick PROs larger than 1 GB support this High Speed mode, and High Speed Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Pros are backwards-compatible with devices that don't support the High Speed mode. High capacity memory Sticks such as the 4 GB versions are expensive compared to other types of flash memory such as SD cards and CompactFlash. According to Sony, the Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO has a maximum theoretical size of 2 TB.[25] Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Duo[edit] The Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Duo was developed in response to Sony's need for a smaller flash memory card for pocket-sized digital cameras, cell phones and the PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable. It is slightly smaller than the competing Secure Digital
Secure Digital
(SD) format and roughly two thirds the length of the standard Memory Stick
Memory Stick
form factor, but costs more. Memory Stick Duos are available with the same features as the larger standard Memory Stick, available with and without high speed mode, and with and without MagicGate support. The Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO Duo has replaced the Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Duo due to its 128 MB size limitation, but has kept the same form factor as the Duo.

Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Duo Adaptor and Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO Duo.

A simple adapter allows Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Duo to be used in devices designed to accept the original Memory Stick
Memory Stick
form factor. Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO Duo[edit]

A Sony
Sony
Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO Duo. 16GB

The Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO Duo (MSPD) quickly replaced the Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Duo due to the Duo's size limitation of 128 MB and slow transfer speed. Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO Duos are available in all the same variants as the larger Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO, with and without High Speed mode, and with and without MagicGate support. Sony
Sony
has released different versions of Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO Duo. A Memory Stick Pro Duo with Magic Gate was released as a 512MB stick.[26] Additionally, a 16 GB version on March 2008 and another a 32 GB version on August 21, 2009.[27] In 2009 Sony
Sony
and SanDisk also announced the joint development of an expanded Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO format tentatively named " Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO Format for Extended High Capacity" that would extend capacity to a theoretical maximum of 2 terabytes.[28] Sony
Sony
has since finalized the format and released its specification under the new name, Memory Stick
Memory Stick
XC.[29] Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO-HG Duo[edit]

PRO-HG Duo (8GB)

On December 11, 2006, Sony, together with SanDisk, announced the Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO-HG Duo. While only serial and 4-bit parallel interfaces are supported in the Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO format, an 8-bit parallel interface was added to the Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO-HG format. Also, the maximum interface clock frequency was increased from 40 MHz to 60 MHz. With these enhancements, a theoretical transfer rate of 480 Mbit/s (60 Mbyte/s) is achieved, which is three times faster than the Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO format. Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Micro (M2)[edit]

Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Micro.

In a joint venture with SanDisk, Sony
Sony
released a new Memory Stick format on February 6, 2006. The Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Micro (M2) measures 15 × 12.5 × 1.2 mm (roughly one-quarter the size of the Duo) with 64 MB, 128 MB, 256 MB, 512 MB, 1 GB, 2 GB, 4 GB, 8 GB, and 16 GB capacities available. The format has a theoretical limit of 32 GB and maximum transfer speed of 160 Mbit/s. However, as with the PRO Duo format, it has been expanded through the XC series as Memory Stick
Memory Stick
XC Micro and Memory Stick
Memory Stick
XC-HG Micro, both with the theoretical maximum capacity of 2 TB.[29] The M2 comes with an adapter, much like the Duo Sticks, to ensure physical compatibility with Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO devices. However, not all devices with a PRO slot are compatible with the M2/Adapter combination, as the firmware of older devices don't support the higher capacity of some M2 cards. One example is certain Sony
Sony
CLIÉ
CLIÉ
PDAs which don't support cards larger than 2 GB.[30] Sony
Sony
announced on June 1, 2009 that M2 support in Sony
Sony
Ericsson phones would be dropped in favor of microSD.[31] Memory Stick
Memory Stick
XC[edit] On January 7, 2009, SanDisk
SanDisk
and Sony
Sony
announced the Memory Stick
Memory Stick
XC format (tentatively named " Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Format Series for Extended High Capacity" at the time).[32] [33] The Memory Stick
Memory Stick
XC has a maximum 2 TB capacity, 64 times larger than that of the Memory Stick PRO DUO which is limited to 32 GB. XC series has the same form factors as PRO series, and supports MagicGate content protection technology as well as Access Control function as PRO series does. In line with the rest of the industry, the XC series uses the newer exFAT file system due to size and formatting limitations of FAT/FAT16/FAT32 filesystems used in the PRO series.[34][35] A maximum transfer speed of 480 Mbit/s (60 Mbyte/s) is achieved through 8-bit parallel data transfer.[36] Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO-HG Duo HX[edit] Sony
Sony
announced the release of the Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO-HG Duo HX on May 17, 2011, which was considered the fastest card ever made by the manufacturer. It measures 20 × 31 × 1.6 mm, with 8 GB, 16 GB, or 32 GB versions available. Also, the format offers a maximum transfer speed of 50 MB per second.[37] Mark 2 Certification[edit] As of early 2008, Mark 2-certified versions of the Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO Duo became available. The Mark 2 designation indicates the Memory Stick is suitable for use with AVCHD
AVCHD
recording products or other faster Memory Stick
Memory Stick
enabled devices by providing appropriate minimum write performance.[38] See also[edit]

CompactFlash
CompactFlash
Card Comparison of memory cards Format war MultiMediaCard SD Card SmartMedia
SmartMedia
Card SxS xD Picture Card

References[edit]

^ " Sony
Sony
Global – Press Release – Sony
Sony
Announces 'Memory Stick' Recordable IC Memory Card Products New Format Supports Recording and Playback of Audio/Video Content" (Press release). Sony.net. Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ https://www.extremetech.com/gaming/182183-the-worst-storage-mediums-of-all-time/3 ^ http://www.technologizer.com/2010/01/06/the-beginning-of-the-end-of-memory-stick-hope-so/ ^ https://www.dpreview.com/articles/3633126940/sonylic ^ http://www.simmtester.com/page/news/showpubnews.asp?num=64 ^ http://www.simmtester.com/page/news/showpubnews.asp?num=64 ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2004/02/02/business/technology-memory-evolution-survival-of-the-smallest.html ^ http://www.economist.com/node/3738979 ^ "Sony.com". News.sel.sony.com. January 6, 2010. Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ "Sony.com". News.sel.sony.com. January 6, 2010. Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ "Sony.com". News.sel.sony.com. January 6, 2010. Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ "Sony.com". News.sel.sony.com. January 6, 2010. Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ "Sony.com". News.sel.sony.com. January 6, 2010. Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ "Sony.com". News.sel.sony.com. January 6, 2010. Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ Taub, Eric A. (January 7, 2010). "Sony's Memory Stick: Bowing to Reality". The New York Times. Retrieved May 12, 2010.  ^ Velocity. "Forbes.com". Forbes. Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ "FT.com". Blogs.ft.com. January 7, 2010. Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ "Endgadget.com". Engadget.com. January 6, 2010. Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ "IEEE.org". Spectrum.ieee.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ McCracken, Harry (January 7, 2010). "PCworld.com". PCworld.com. Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ "APCMAG.com". APCMAG.com. Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ "CBS News, 48 Hours – AIBO, The Digital Wonder Dog: Sony
Sony
Spends Millions On Robotic Canine". Cbsnews.com. February 11, 2009. Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ https://www.dpreview.com/articles/8431534296/mspro ^ "Sony.net". Sony.net. Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ Nikkei Electronics Asia (January 8, 2009). "Nikkeibp.co.jp". Techon.nikkeibp.co.jp. Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ http://esupport.sony.com/perl/support-info.pl?info_id=12 ^ "Crunchgear.com". Crunchgear.com. August 21, 2009. Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ "SanDisk, Sony
Sony
to Expand Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO, Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Micro Formats". Nikkei Business Publications. January 8, 2009. Retrieved January 5, 2010.  ^ a b MacManus, Christopher (August 5, 2009). " Sony
Sony
Finalizes Backwards Compatible Memory Stick
Memory Stick
XC With 2TB Maximum Capacity". Sony Insider. Retrieved January 5, 2010.  ^ " Sony
Sony
Compatibility Chart – Clie Handhelds". Sony-asia.com. Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ "Trusted Review – Sony
Sony
Ericsson Dropping Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Micro". Trustedreviews.com. Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ "Sandisk and Sony
Sony
to expand "Memory stick pro" and "Memory stick micro" formats". SanDisk. January 7, 2009. Retrieved August 12, 2009.  ^ Christopher MacManus. "Sonyinsider.com". Sonyinsider.com. Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ "Windows FAT32 Formatting". Microsoft. Retrieved June 28, 2012.  ^ " SanDisk
SanDisk
exFAT KB". Retrieved June 28, 2012.  ^ "Oss-formats.org". Oss-formats.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ http://presscentre.sony.co.uk/content/detail.aspx?NewsAreaId=2&ReleaseID=6713 ^ "Sony's new 16GB Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Pro Duo media [...] Mark2 Certification". News.sel.sony.com. January 6, 2008. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Sony's official One Stop Site for Formats, with some specifications of the electrical interface. Memory Stick
Memory Stick
products at Sony
Sony
Singapore. SanDisk
SanDisk
and Sony
Sony
develop “ Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Micro” (M2) format – SanDisk/ Sony
Sony
press release, September 30, 2005. SanDisk
SanDisk
and Sony
Sony
announce " Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Pro-HG" (HG) format – December 1, 2006. Complete Memory Stick® Media Compatibility Information for Sony® Digital Cameras Sony
Sony
eSupport July 2011.

v t e

Memory cards

Main articles

Memory card
Memory card
reader Comparison of memory cards SD Card
SD Card
and MultiMediaCard
MultiMediaCard
family comparison

Types

CompactFlash
CompactFlash
(CF, CFast) CFexpress Express Card JEIDA MultiMediaCard
MultiMediaCard
(MMC) Memory Stick
Memory Stick
(MS, MS-PRO, MS-PRO HG, MS-XC) miCard Microdrive
Microdrive
(MD) MiniCard P2 (MicroP2) PC Card
PC Card
(PCMCIA, CardBus, CardBay) Secure Digital
Secure Digital
(SDSC, SDHC, SDXC) SmartMedia
SmartMedia
(SM) SxS Universal Flash Storage
Universal Flash Storage
(UFS) USB xD-Picture XQD

v t e

Sony

Founders

Masaru Ibuka Akio Morita

Key personnel

Kaz Hirai
Kaz Hirai
(Chairman) Kenichiro Yoshida (President and CEO)

Primary businesses

Sony
Sony
Corporation Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment

PlayStation

Sony
Sony
Mobile Sony
Sony
Entertainment

Sony
Sony
Pictures Entertainment Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Sony/ATV Music Publishing

Sony
Sony
Financial Holdings

Sony
Sony
Life Sony
Sony
Bank

Technologies and brands

α (Alpha) Betacam Bionz Blu-ray BRAVIA CD Cell Cyber-shot Dash Dream Machine DVD Exmor FeliCa Handycam HDCAM/HDCAM-SR LocationFree Memory Stick MiniDisc MiniDV mylo PlayStation Reader S/PDIF SDDS SXRD Sony
Sony
Tablet Tunnel diode TransferJet UMD Vaio Video8/Hi8/Digital8 Walkman Walkman
Walkman
Phones XDCAM Xperia HMZ-T1

Historical products

AIBO CV-2000 DAT Betamax Sony
Sony
CLIÉ Discman Jumbotron Lissa Mavica NEWS Qualia Rolly TR-55 Trinitron 1 inch Type C (BVH series) U-matic Watchman WEGA

Electronics

Sony
Sony
Electronics (US subsidiary) Sony
Sony
Energy Devices Sony
Sony
Creative Software FeliCa
FeliCa
Networks (57%)

v t e

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment

Key personnel

Andrew House Shawn Layden Shuhei Yoshida

v t e

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment Worldwide Studios

Franchises

Ape Escape Arc the Lad ATV Offroad Fury Boku no Natsuyasumi Buzz! Colony Wars Cool Boarders DanceStar Party Dark Cloud Destruction Derby Devil Dice Echochrome EverQuest Everybody's Golf Everybody's Tennis EyePet EyeToy FantaVision Fat Princess G-Police Genji God of War Gran Turismo Gravity Rush Hustle Kings Infamous Invizimals Jak and Daxter Jet Moto Jumping Flash! Killzone Knack Legend of Legaia Lemmings LittleBigPlanet LocoRoco MediEvil MLB: The Show ModNation Racers MotorStorm Motor Toon Grand Prix Ore no Shikabane wo Koete Yuke/Oreshika PaRappa the Rapper Patapon PlanetSide Pursuit Force Rally Cross Ratchet & Clank Resistance Savage Moon Shadow of the Beast SingStar Siren Sly Cooper Socom Soul Sacrifice Sports Champions Start the Party! Super Stardust Syphon Filter The Eye of Judgment The Getaway The Last of Us This Is Football Twisted Metal Uncharted Vib-Ribbon Warhawk What Did I Do to Deserve This, My Lord?/No Heroes Allowed White Knight Chronicles Wild Arms Wipeout Wonderbook World Tour Soccer

Divisions

Bend Studio Foster City Studio Japan Studio London Studio San Diego Studio Santa Monica Studio

Subsidiaries

Guerrilla Games J.S.E.E.D. PlayStation
PlayStation
C.A.M.P. Team Gravity Team Ico Media Molecule Naughty Dog PixelOpus Polyphony Digital Sucker Punch Productions XDev

Former subsidiaries

989 Studios Bigbig Studios Contrail Evolution Studios Guerrilla Cambridge Incognito Entertainment Psygnosis Team Soho Zipper Interactive

v t e

PlayStation

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment SIE Worldwide Studios

Consoles

Home consoles

PlayStation

Models Main hardware

PlayStation
PlayStation
2

Models Main hardware

PlayStation
PlayStation
3

Models Main hardware System software

PlayStation
PlayStation
4

Main hardware System software

Handhelds

PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable

System software

PlayStation
PlayStation
Vita

System software

Miscellaneous

PocketStation PSX PlayStation
PlayStation
TV

Games

PS1 games

A–L M–Z Best-selling PS one Classics

NA PAL JP

PS2 games

Best-selling Online games HD games PS2 Classics for PS3 PS2 games for PS4

PS3 games

Best-selling Physical Digital only Physical and digital 3D games PS Move games PS Now games

PS4 games

Best-selling PSVR

PSP games

Physical and digital System software compatibilities PS Minis

Other

PS Vita games

A–L M–Z

PS Mobile games TurboGrafx-16 Classics NEOGEO Station Classics HD Instant Game Collection

NA PAL Asia Japan China

Reprints

Greatest Hits Essentials The Best BigHit Series

Network

PlayStation
PlayStation
Network 2011 outage Central Station FirstPlay PlayStation
PlayStation
App PlayStation
PlayStation
Blog PlayStation
PlayStation
Home PlayStation
PlayStation
Mobile PlayStation
PlayStation
Music PlayStation
PlayStation
Now PlayStation
PlayStation
Store PlayStation
PlayStation
Video PlayStation
PlayStation
Vue PS2 online Room for PSP VidZone

Accessories

Controllers

PlayStation
PlayStation
Controller PlayStation
PlayStation
Mouse Analog Joystick Dual Analog DualShock Sixaxis PlayStation
PlayStation
Move

Cameras

EyeToy Go!Cam PlayStation
PlayStation
Eye PlayStation
PlayStation
Camera

Miscellaneous

Multitap Link Cable PS2 accessories PS2 Headset PS3 accessories PlayTV Wonderbook PlayStation
PlayStation
VR

Kits

Net Yaroze PS2 Linux GScube OtherOS Zego

Media

Magazines

Official U.S. PlayStation
PlayStation
Magazine PlayStation: The Official Magazine PlayStation
PlayStation
Official Magazine – UK PlayStation
PlayStation
Official Magazine – Australia PlayStation
PlayStation
Underground

Advertisements

Double Life Mountain PlayStation
PlayStation
marketing

Characters

Toro Polygon Man Kevin Butler Marcus Rivers

Arcade boards

Namco System 11 System 12 System 10 System 246 System 357

Related

Super NES CD-ROM Sony
Sony
Ericsson Xperia Play

Category Portal

Other

Gaikai SN Systems Cellius
Cellius
(49%) Dimps

Category Portal

v t e

Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment

Key personnel

Rob Stringer Kevin Kelleher

Flagship

Columbia Records RCA Records Epic Records

Sony
Sony
Music Nashville

Columbia Nashville Arista Nashville RCA Records
RCA Records
Nashville Provident Label Group

Sony
Sony
Masterworks

Sony
Sony
Classical Records Portrait Records RCA Red Seal Records Okeh Records

Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Japan

Epic Records
Epic Records
Japan Ki/oon Music Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Japan Ariola Japan BMG Japan mora Sacra Music Aniplex

Aniplex
Aniplex
of America A-1 Pictures

Music On! TV

Distribution

The Orchard

IODA RED Distribution Red Essential

Other Labels

RCA Inspiration Phonogenic Records Ultra Music Century Media Records Legacy Recordings Black Butter Records Kemosabe Records Robbins Entertainment Syco Music
Syco Music
(50%) Sony
Sony
Music Australia Sony
Sony
Music UK Sony
Sony
Music India Sony
Sony
Music Latin Vevo Volcano Entertainment

v t e

Sony
Sony
Pictures Entertainment

Key personnel

Tony Vinciquerra Thomas Rothman

Sony
Sony
Pictures Motion Picture Group

Columbia Pictures TriStar Pictures TriStar Productions Screen Gems Sony
Sony
Pictures Classics Sony
Sony
Pictures Releasing Sony
Sony
Pictures Imageworks Sony
Sony
Pictures Animation Sony
Sony
Pictures Worldwide Acquisitions

Destination Films Stage 6 Films Affirm Films

Sony
Sony
Pictures Home Entertainment

Sony
Sony
Wonder

Sony
Sony
Pictures Television

U.S. production

Adelaide Productions Sony
Sony
Crackle

The Minisode Network

Culver Entertainment Embassy Row TriStar Television

U.S. distribution

Funimation
Funimation
(95%)

International production

2waytraffic Left Bank Pictures Playmaker Media Stellify Media Teleset

TV channels & VOD

v t e

Sony
Sony
Pictures Television TV channels and VOD platforms

O = online VOD platform

Americas

US networks

Sony
Sony
Movie Channel GSN (58% joint venture with AT&T Entertainment Group) getTV Cine Sony Sony
Sony
CrackleO Defunct 3net
3net
(joint venture with Discovery and IMAX) Fearnet
Fearnet
(joint venture with Comcast
Comcast
and Lions Gate Entertainment)

Canada

Sony
Sony
Movie Channel and AXN
AXN
Movies (rebranded)

Latin America

Canal Sony AXN Defunct Animax Locomotion Sony
Sony
Spin

Asia

Indian sub-continent

v t e

Sony
Sony
Pictures Networks India Pvt. Ltd.

Hindi entertainment

SET

International

Sony
Sony
Sab Sony
Sony
Max Sony
Sony
Max 2 Sony
Sony
Pal Sony
Sony
Wah

English entertainment

AXN Sony
Sony
Le Plex Sony
Sony
Pix

Bengali entertainment

Sony
Sony
Aath

Sports

Sony
Sony
Six Sony
Sony
ESPN (50%; Joint venture with ESPN Inc.) Sony
Sony
Ten

Sony
Sony
Ten 1 Sony
Sony
Ten 2 Sony
Sony
Ten 3 Sony
Sony
Ten Golf

Acquisition pending TEN Sports Pakistan TEN Cricket
TEN Cricket
International

Music

Sony
Sony
Mix Sony
Sony
Rox

Other channels

Sony
Sony
BBC Earth (50%; Joint venture with BBC Studios) Sony
Sony
Yay

Other businesses

Sony
Sony
LIV (Online VOD platform)

Japan

Animax

Animax PlusO

AXN

AXN
AXN
Mystery AXN
AXN
PlusO

Star Channel (25% joint venture with News Corporation, Tohokushinsha Film, and Itochu)

South Korea

Animax (50% joint venture with KT SkyLife)

Animax PlusO

AXN
AXN
(50% joint venture with IHQ)

Taiwan

AXN Animax

Animax HD

south-east Asia

Animax AXN Gem

south-east Asia (50% joint venture with Nippon Television Network Corporation) Vietnam

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
One Defunct AXN
AXN
Beyond BeTV

Europe, Middle East, Africa (EMEA)

Germany

AnimaxO AXN Sony
Sony
Channel Defunct Animax (linear television)

Italy

Cine Sony Pop Defunct AXN AXN
AXN
Sci Fi

The Netherlands

Film1

Film1
Film1
Action Film1
Film1
Drama Film1
Film1
Family Film1
Film1
Premiere

Defunct Film1
Film1
Festival Film1
Film1
Sundance

Portugal

AXN

AXN
AXN
Black AXN
AXN
White

Defunct Animax

Russia

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Turbo Sony
Sony
Sci-Fi

Spain

AXN

AXN
AXN
SyncO AXN
AXN
White

Defunct Animax

Turkey

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Çocuk Planet Mutfak Planet Türk

UK & Ireland

v t e

Television channels in the United Kingdom and Ireland operated by Sony Pictures Television

Including CSC Media Group television channels

Entertainment channels

Movies4Men Sony
Sony
Crime Channel Sony
Sony
Crime Channel 2 Sony
Sony
Movie Channel truTV

CSC True Entertainment True Movies

Music channels

CSC Chart Show TV Chart Show Hits Scuzz Starz TV The Vault

Children's channels

CSC Pop Pop Max Tiny Pop

Former channels

More Than Movies Movies4Men
Movies4Men
2 Sony
Sony
Channel

CSC The Amp AnimeCentral Bliss BuzMuzik Chart Shop TV Flaunt Flava MinX NME TV Pop Girl Pop Plus Showcase TV True Crime True Drama True Movies
True Movies
2

Miscellaneous

Sony
Sony
Pictures Television animaxtv.co.uk (VOD)

Baltics

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Turbo

Central and Eastern Europe (CEE)

AXN

Adria Hungary

AXN
AXN
NowO

AXN
AXN
Black AXN
AXN
Spin AXN
AXN
White

Sony
Sony
Max Sony
Sony
Movie Channel Viasat
Viasat
Hungary

Viasat
Viasat
3 Viasat
Viasat
6

Defunct Animax AXN
AXN
Crime

Middle East

AXN
AXN
Middle East

Arabic English

Defunct AXN
AXN
Israel

Africa

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
MAX True Movies Defunct Animax

Other

Sony
Sony
Pictures Digital

Sony
Sony
Pictures Mobile

Sony
Sony
Pictures Entertainment Japan Sony
Sony
Pictures Family Entertainment Group Sony
Sony
Pictures Studios Madison Gate Records

Defunct

Columbia Pictures
Columbia Pictures
Television Columbia TriStar Television Merv Griffin Enterprises ELP Communications

Online distribution platforms

PlayStation
PlayStation
Network ( PlayStation
PlayStation
Music PlayStation
PlayStation
Now PlayStation
PlayStation
Store PlayStation
PlayStation
Video PlayStation
PlayStation
Plus PlayStation
PlayStation
Vue) The Minisode Network Sony
Sony
Crackle Sony
Sony
Liv

Other businesses

Sony
Sony
DADC Sony
Sony
Network Communications Sony
Sony
Professional Solutions M3 (39.4%) Sony/ATV Music Publishing EMI Music Publishing
EMI Music Publishing
(19%) Vaio
Vaio
(4.9%)

Other assets

Sony
Sony
Corporation of America (umbrella company in the US) Other subsidiaries List of acquisitions

Nonprofit organizations

Sony
Sony
Institute of Higher Education Shohoku College

Other

History of Sony Sony
Sony
Toshiba
Toshiba
IBM Center of Competence for

.