Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA), or a Member of the
Legislature (ML), is a representative elected by the voters of a
constituency to the legislature or legislative assembly of a
4 Falkland Islands
5 Hong Kong
7 Northern Ireland
8 United States of America
Members of the Legislative Assembly use the suffix MP in New South
Wales and Queensland.
In Western Australia, Northern Territory, Australian Capital Territory
and Norfolk Island, members are known as MLAs. However the suffix MP
is also commonly used. South Australia and Tasmania have a House of
Assembly and denote its members MHA.
In Victoria members can use either MP or MLA.
In federal parliament, members of the House of Representatives are
designated MP and not MHR.
In Brazil, Members of all 26 Legislative Assemblies (Portuguese:
Assembléias Legislativas) are called deputados estaduais (English:
state deputies). The Federal District Legislative Assembly is actually
called Legislative Chamber (Portuguese: Câmara Legislativa), and is
composed by deputados distritais (English: districtual deputies).
Unlike the federal legislative body, which is bicameral, Brazilian
states legislatures are unicameral. Members of the Lower House are
also called deputies, but they are deputados federais (English:
In Canada, members of legislative assemblies are members of the
elected provincial legislatures and are called MLAs in all provinces
and territories except:
Ontario, where they have been called Members of Provincial Parliament
(MPPs) since 1938 and before 1938 used both MPP and MLA,
Quebec, where they are called Members of the National Assembly (MNAs)
since 1968, and
Newfoundland and Labrador, where they are called Members of the House
of Assembly (MHAs).
Members of the Legislative Assembly in British Columbia, Alberta,
Saskatchewan, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia (despite being a
House of Assembly), Prince Edward Island and in the three territories
(Yukon, NWT and Nunavut) are known as MLAs.
Members of the
Legislative Assembly of the Falkland Islands
Legislative Assembly of the Falkland Islands use the
suffix MLA. In 2009 the Legislative Council of the Falkland Islands
(which had existed since the 1840s) was replaced with the new
Legislative Assembly. As a result, Members of the Legislative Assembly
are often still referred to as Councillors.
Hong Kong Legislative Council are referred to as Legco
Member of the Legislative Assembly (India)
Out of the 29 states and 7 Union Territories of India, there is a
legislature in all the 29 states and 2 Union Territories (Delhi and
A person, provided he is qualified, is elected as an MLA on the basis
of universal adult suffrage by an electorate consisting of all
citizens above the age of 18 of that state or UT. In some states, the
Governor may appoint 1 member to represent minorities, e.g. the
Anglo-Indian community, if he finds that minority inadequately
represented in the Legislative Assembly. Those elected or nominated
(by the Governors) to
Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) are referred
to as Members of Legislative Assembly or MLAs.
Each legislative constituency of the State or UT is represented by
only one MLA. As outlined in the Constitution of India, the number of
legislative seats in a legislature cannot be more than 500 members and
fewer than 60 members. However, with an Act of Parliament, the seats
can be fewer than 60, as such is the case in the states of Goa,
Mizoram and the UT of Puducherry.
Depending on the population and other factors, each State or UT has
varying numbers of MLAs, the highest being in the state of Uttar
Pradesh (403) and the least in the UT of
Owing to parliamentary democracy, wherein some members of the
legislature also act as the executive, some MLAs may have triple
responsibilities: as an MLA, as a cabinet minister of a department
and/or as a chief minister of that state.
Member of the Legislative Assembly (Northern Ireland)
Members of the
Northern Ireland Assembly, the devolved legislature of
Northern Ireland are known as MLAs (Members of the Legislative
The Assembly was suspended on October 14, 2002 but the persons elected
to it at the 2003 Assembly Election were called together on 15 May
2006 under the
Northern Ireland Act 2006  for the purpose of
electing a First Minister and Deputy First Minister and choosing the
members of an Executive (before 25 November 2006) as a preliminary to
the restoration of devolved government in Northern Ireland. Another
election was held on 7 March 2007 and powers were restored to the
Assembly in May 2007.
United States of America
Main article: State legislature (United States)
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In the United States of America, legislator is the generic term
referring to a member of the legislative body of any of the country's
The formal name varies from state to state. In 24 states, the
legislature is simply called the Legislature, or the State
Legislature, while in 19 states, the legislature is called the General
Assembly. In Massachusetts and New Hampshire, the legislature is
called the General Court, while North Dakota and Oregon designate the
legislature as the Legislative Assembly.
Just as a member of the
United States House of Representatives
United States House of Representatives is
officially a member of Congress (abbreviated MC) despite being
referred to as congressmen or representatives, a legislator in the
lower chamber of state legislatures would be a member of the
Legislature (abbreviated ML), member of the State Legislature
(abbreviated MSL), member of the General Assembly (abbreviated MGA),
member of the General Court (abbreviated MGC) or member of the
Legislative Assembly (abbreviated MLA) even though they are commonly
referred to as representatives or assemblymen.
Further confusion over the proper title of legislators comes when
newspapers, using the Associated Press guidelines for journalists,
refer to legislators as state representatives or state senators to
avoid confusion with federal counterparts.
Main article: Members of the National Assembly for Wales
Members of the National Assembly for Wales, the devolved Assembly of
Wales are usually known as AMs or Aelod y Cynulliad (ACs).
^ "The Role of Members of Parliament". parliament.nsw.gov.au. 2
February 2008. Retrieved 9 April 2011.
^ Resolution of Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (Qld branch),
19 October 2000. Source: Queensland Parliamentary Library, 15 November
^ "Members' titles". parliament.vic.gov.au. 25 October 2010. Retrieved
9 April 2011.
^ "House of Representatives Practice". aph.gov.au. 30 September 2005.
Archived from the original on 6 April 2011. Retrieved 9 April
Northern Ireland Act 2006 (c. 17)". Legislation.gov.uk.
National Assembly for Wales
National Assembly for Wales Archived 2007-03-10 at the Wayback
Machine., Civil rights – In Wales, Advice guide, Citizens Advice