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A MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament . In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title.

Members of parliament tend to form parliamentary groups (also called _parliamentary parties_) with members of the same political party .

CONTENTS

* 1 Westminster system
Westminster system

* 1.1 Australia * 1.2 Bangladesh * 1.3 Canada * 1.4 India * 1.5 Ireland * 1.6 Jamaica * 1.7 Kenya * 1.8 Malaysia * 1.9 Malta * 1.10 Nauru * 1.11 New Zealand * 1.12 Pakistan * 1.13 Singapore * 1.14 Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
* 1.15 United Kingdom * 1.16 Zimbabwe

* 2 Other systems

* 2.1 Afghanistan * 2.2 Austria * 2.3 Azerbaijan * 2.4 Bulgaria * 2.5 Cambodia * 2.6 Czech Republic * 2.7 Germany * 2.8 Iceland * 2.9 Israel * 2.10 Italy * 2.11 Lebanon * 2.12 Republic of Macedonia * 2.13 Netherlands * 2.14 Norway * 2.15 Philippines * 2.16 Poland * 2.17 Portugal * 2.18 Spain * 2.19 Sweden * 2.20 Thailand
Thailand
* 2.21 Turkey * 2.22 Ukraine
Ukraine

* 3 See also * 4 Footnotes

WESTMINSTER SYSTEM

Main article: Westminster system
Westminster system

The Westminster system
Westminster system
is a democratic parliamentary system of government modelled after the politics of the United Kingdom . This term comes from the Palace of Westminster
Palace of Westminster
, the seat of the Parliament of the United Kingdom .

AUSTRALIA

A member of parliament is a member of the House of Representatives
House of Representatives
, the lower house of the Commonwealth (federal) parliament . Members may use "MP" after their names; "MHR" is not used, although it was used as a post-nominal in the past. A member of the upper house of the Commonwealth parliament, the Senate
Senate
, is known as a "Senator".

In the Australian states of New South Wales
New South Wales
, Victoria and South Australia , a Member of the Legislative Assembly
Legislative Assembly
(House of Assembly in South Australia) or "lower house," may also use the post-nominal "MP." Members of the Legislative Council (upper house) use the post-nominal "MLC."

BANGLADESH

Members of the Jatiya Sangsad
Jatiya Sangsad
, or National Assembly, are elected every five years and are referred to in English as members of Parliament. The assembly has directly elected 300 seats, and further 50 reserved selected seats for women.

CANADA

The Parliament
Parliament
of Canada consists of the monarch , the Senate
Senate
(the upper chamber), and the House of Commons (the lower chamber). Only members of the lower house are referred to as _members of Parliament_ (French : _député _), while members of the upper house are called _senators_ (French: _sénateur_). There are currently 105 seats in the Senate
Senate
and 338 in the House of Commons. Members of Parliament
Parliament
are elected, while senators are appointed by the governor general on behalf of the sovereign at the direction of the prime Minister . Retirement is mandatory for senators upon reaching the age of 75 years.

Each province (and territory) has its own legislature, with each member usually known as a _Member of the Legislative Assembly
Legislative Assembly
_ (MLA). In certain provinces, legislators carry other titles: Member of Provincial Parliament
Parliament
(MPP) in Ontario
Ontario
, Member of the National Assembly (MNA) in Quebec
Quebec
(French : _député_), and Member of the House of Assembly (MHA) in Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador
. The provincial upper houses were eliminated through the 20th century.

INDIA

See also: Member of parliament, Lok Sabha
Member of parliament, Lok Sabha
See also: Member of parliament, Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
See also: Parliament
Parliament
of India

A Member of Parliament
Parliament
is any member of the Indian Parliament
Parliament
called Sansad , i.e., ( Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
and Rajya Sabha). The members of the Lok Sabha are elected popularly by constituencies in each of the Indian states and union territories, while members of the Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
are elected indirectly by the state legislatures. Each state is allocated a fixed number of representatives in each chamber, in order of their respective population. The state of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
has the greatest number of representatives in both houses. The President of India appoints representatives of the Anglo-Indian community. The political party which secures more than half the seats in the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
forms the Government
Government
of India . If a specific party is unable to form government with their number of MPs, they may form a coalition government with a number of representatives members of other political parties. The Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
is the lower house and the Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
is the upper house of the Indian Parliament
Parliament
(Bicameral).

The term period of an elected member of the Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
is 6 years, while the member elected for the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
is only for 5 years.

IRELAND

A _member of Parliament_ was a member of the pre-1801 Irish House of Commons of the Parliament
Parliament
of Ireland . Irish members elected to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom
House of Commons of the United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Ireland were also called _members of Parliament_ from 1801 to 1922. Northern Ireland continues to elect MPs to the Parliament
Parliament
of the United Kingdom.

Following the formation of the independent Irish Free State
Irish Free State
in 1922, members of the lower house of the Oireachtas
Oireachtas
(parliament), Dáil Éireann (or "the Dáil") are termed _Teachtaí Dála_ (_Teachta Dála _ singular) or TDs and are called a Deputy. The upper house is called Seanad Éireann
Seanad Éireann
and its members are called Senators.

JAMAICA

Main article: Parliament
Parliament
of Jamaica

The Parliament
Parliament
of Jamaica is the legislative branch of the government of Jamaica. It is a bicameral body, composed of an appointed Senate and an elected House of Representatives. The Senate
Senate
(upper house), the direct successor of a pre-Independence body known as the "Legislative Council" – comprises 21 senators appointed by the governor-general: thirteen on the advice of the Prime Minister and eight on the advice of the Leader of the Opposition.

The House of Representatives, the lower house, is made up of 63 (previously 60) Members of Parliament, elected to five-year terms on a first-past-the-post basis in single-seat constituencies.

KENYA

The National Assembly of Kenya
National Assembly of Kenya
has a total of 349 seats; 205 members are elected from the constituencies , 47 women are elected from the counties and 12 members are nominated representatives.

MALAYSIA

Main article: Parliament
Parliament
of Malaysia

The Parliament
Parliament
of Malaysia consists of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King) and two houses, the _ Dewan Rakyat
Dewan Rakyat
_ (the House of Representatives ) and _ Dewan Negara
Dewan Negara
_ (the Senate
Senate
).

The term "members of Parliament" only refers to members of the _Dewan Rakyat_. In Malay , a member of Parliament
Parliament
is called _Ahli Parlimen_, or less formally _wakil rakyat_ (people's representative).

Members of Parliament
Parliament
are elected from population-based single-seat constituencies using first-past-the-post voting . The Prime Minister must be a member of Parliament.

Members of Parliament
Parliament
are styled _Yang Berhormat_ ("Honourable") with the initials _Y.B._ appended prenominally . A prince who is a member of Parliament
Parliament
is styled _Yang Berhormat Mulia_. The Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister and Tuns who are members of Parliament
Parliament
are styled _Yang Amat Berhormat_ ("Most Honourable"), abbreviated Y.A.B.

MALTA

The Parliament
Parliament
of Malta consists of the President of Malta and the House of Representatives
House of Representatives
of 69 members (article 51 of the Constitution), referred to as "members of Parliament" (article 52(1) of the Constitution). When appointed from outside the House, the Speaker is also considered a member of the Parliament. The Constitution lists the qualifications and disqualifications from serving as a member of Parliament.

Privileges of members of Parliament
Parliament
and their Code of Ethics are laid out in the House of Representatives
House of Representatives
(Privileges and Powers) Ordinance.

NAURU

The Parliament
Parliament
of Nauru consists of 18 seats. Members of Parliament are entitled to use the prefix _The Honourable_.

NEW ZEALAND

Main articles: New Zealand Parliament
Parliament
and New Zealand elections

The Parliament
Parliament
of New Zealand is made up of the monarch and the unicameral House of Representatives
House of Representatives
. A _member of Parliament_ is a member of the House of Representatives, which has a minimum of 120 members, elected at a general election for a three-year term. There are 70 electorate MPs, of which seven are elected only by Māori who have chosen to be registered on a separate Māori electoral register. The remaining members are elected by proportional representation from published party lists .

Before 1951, New Zealand had a bicameral (two-chamber) parliament. Members of the Legislative Council , abbreviated MLC, were appointed. Members of the lower house, the body that still exists, have always been elected. Since 1907, elected members have been referred to as 'Member of Parliament', abbreviated MP. From the 1860s until 1907 they were designated as Member of the House of Representatives, abbreviated MHR. Between the first general election, in 1853 , and the 1860s, the designation was Member of the General Assembly, abbreviated MGA.

PAKISTAN

_Member of Parliament_ refers to a member of Parliament
Parliament
(National Assembly of Pakistan , Qaumi Assembly), based in Islamabad
Islamabad
.

SINGAPORE

See also: Cabinet of Singapore and List of Singapore MPs
List of Singapore MPs

_Member of Parliament_ refers to elected members of the Parliament
Parliament
of Singapore , the appointed Non-Constituency members of Parliament
Parliament
from the opposition, as well as the Nominated members of Parliament
Parliament
, who may be appointed from members of the public who have no connection to any political party in Singapore.

SRI LANKA

In Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
, a _Member of Parliament_ refers to a member of the Parliament
Parliament
of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
(since 1978), the National State Assembly (1972–78) and the House of Representatives
House of Representatives
of Ceylon (1947–72), the lower house of the Parliament
Parliament
of Ceylon . Members are elected in a general elections or appointed from the national lists allocated to parties (and independent groups) in proportion to their share of the national vote at an general election. A candidate to become an MP must be a Sri Lankan citizen and not hold dual-citizenship in any other country, be at least 18 years of age, and not be a public official or officeholder.

UNITED KINGDOM

See also: List of current United Kingdom MPs ; List of United Kingdom MPs ; List of Parliaments of the United Kingdom ; List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 2017 ; Number of Westminster MPs ; Salaries of Members of the UK Parliament
Parliament
; and Records of members of parliament of the United Kingdom

The United Kingdom elects members of three parliaments:

* the Parliament
Parliament
of the United Kingdom , with 650 members elected by the first-past-the-post system to the (lower) House of Commons , referred to as Members of Parliament, abbreviated to _MP_ * the European Parliament
Parliament
, with a maximum of 73 members out of a total of 751 members elected for a five-year term, called Members of the European Parliament
Parliament
(_MEP_) * the Scottish Parliament
Parliament
, with 129 members elected under the additional member system every five years, and called Members of the Scottish Parliament
Parliament
(_MSP_)

and two assemblies:

* the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly , with 90 members known as _Members of the Legislative Assembly_ (_MLA_). (Between 1921 and 1973, Northern Ireland was governed by the Parliament
Parliament
of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
, whose members were known as _members of Parliament_.) * the National Assembly for Wales , with 60 elected members called _Assembly Member_ (_AM_) in English, _Aelod y Cynulliad_ (_AC_) in Welsh

MPs are elected in general elections and by-elections to represent constituencies , and may remain MPs until Parliament
Parliament
is dissolved, which occurs around five years after the last general election, as laid down in the Fixed-term Parliaments Act .

A candidate to become an MP must be a British or Irish or Commonwealth citizen, be at least 18 years of age (reduced from 21 in 2006), and not be a public official or officeholder, as set out in the schedule to the Electoral Administration Act 2006
Electoral Administration Act 2006
.

Technically, MPs have no right to resign their seats (though not to refuse to seek re-election). However a legal fiction allows voluntary resignation between elections; as MPs are forbidden from holding an "office of profit under the Crown", an MP wishing to resign will apply for the Stewardship of the Chiltern Hundreds or the Stewardship of the Manor of Northstead which are, nominally, such paid offices and thus result in the MP vacating their seat. (Accepting a salaried Ministerial office does not amount to a paid office under the Crown for these purposes.)

The House of Lords
House of Lords
is a legislative chamber that is part of the Parliament
Parliament
of the United Kingdom. Although they are part of the parliament, its members are referred to as peers , more formally as _Lords of Parliament_, not MPs. Lords Temporal
Lords Temporal
sit for life, Lords Spiritual while they occupy their ecclesiastical positions. Hereditary peers may no longer pass on a seat in the House of Lords
House of Lords
to their heir automatically. The 92 who remain have been elected from among their own number, following the House of Lords
House of Lords
Act 1999 and are the only elected members of the Lords.

ZIMBABWE

"Members of Parliament" are members of the House of Assembly of Zimbabwe . Members of the upper house of Parliament
Parliament
are referred to as Senators.

OTHER SYSTEMS

_Member of Parliament_ can be the term (often a translation) for representatives in parliamentary democracies that do not follow the Westminster system
Westminster system
and who are usually referred to in a different fashion, such as _Deputé_ in France, _Deputato_ in Italy, _Deputat_ in Bulgaria, _Parlamentario_ o _Diputado_ in Spain and Spanish speaking Latin America, _Deputado_ in Portugal and Brazil, _Mitglied des Bundestages (MdB)_ in Germany. However, better translations are often possible.

AFGHANISTAN

A _member of Parliament_ is a member of either chamber of the bicameral National Assembly of Afghanistan : the 249 members of the lower Wolesi Jirga (House of the People) and the 102 members of the upper Mesherano Jirga (House of Elders) .

AUSTRIA

A _member of Parliament_ is a member of either of the two chambers of the Parliament
Parliament
of Austria (_Österreichisches Parlament_). The members of the Nationalrat are called _Abgeordnete zum Nationalrat_. The members of the Bundesrat , elected by the provincial diets (_Landtage _) of the nine federal States of Austria
States of Austria
, are known as _Mitglieder des Bundesrats_.

AZERBAIJAN

Further information: National Assembly (Azerbaijan)
National Assembly (Azerbaijan)

BULGARIA

See also: National Assembly (Bulgaria)
National Assembly (Bulgaria)

In Bulgaria there are 240 members of Parliament
Parliament
(Bulgarian : Народно събрание / Парламент; transliteration Narodno sabranie / Parlament), which are called 'Deputati' (singular Deputat). Moreover, there are 240 MPs in the normal parliament and 400 in the "Great Parliament". The Great Parliament
Parliament
is elected when a new constitution is needed. There have been seven Great Parliaments in modern Bulgarian history
Bulgarian history
, in 1879, 1881, 1886, 1893, 1911, 1946 and 1990. MPs in Bulgaria are called депутати – _deputies_.

CAMBODIA

See also: National Assembly (Cambodia)
National Assembly (Cambodia)

The _member of Parliament_ (Khmer : សមាជិកសភា) refers to the elected members of the National Assembly . There are 123 members of Parliament
Parliament
in total. They are also alternatively called _member of the National Assembly_. Parliamentary elections are traditionally held every five years with no term limits imposed. The 25 provinces of Cambodia are represented by the members of Parliament in the National Assembly. A constituency may have more than one MP, depending on the population.

CZECH REPUBLIC

A _member of Parliament_ is a member of either of the two chambers of the Parliament
Parliament
of the Czech Republic , although the term _Members of Parliament
Parliament
of the Czech Republic_ is commonly referred to Deputies of the Parliament
Parliament
of the Czech Republic (Czech : _Poslanci Parlamentu České republiky_) who are members of the lower house of the Parliament, Chamber of Deputies . For the upper house, Senate
Senate
, the term Senator
Senator
is used.

GERMANY

_Member of Parliament_ refers to the elected members of the federal Bundestag
Bundestag
Parliament
Parliament
at the Reichstag building
Reichstag building
in Berlin. In German a member is called _Mitglied des Bundestages_ (Member of the Federal Diet ) or officially _Mitglied des Deutschen Bundestages_ (Member of the German Federal Diet), abbreviated MdB
MdB
and attached . Unofficially the term _Abgeordneter_ (literally: "delegate", i.e. of a certain electorate) is also common (abbreviated _Abg._, never follows the name but precedes it).

In accordance with article 38 of the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany , which is the German constitution, "embers of the German Bundestag
Bundestag
shall be elected in general, direct, free, equal, and secret elections. They shall be representatives of the whole people, not bound by orders or instructions, and responsible only to their conscience." An important though not constitutionally required feature of German parliamentarianism is a slightly modified proportional representation.

The 16 federal States of Germany
States of Germany
(_Länder_) are represented by the Bundesrat at the former Prussian House of Lords
House of Lords
, whose members are representatives of the respective _Länder's_ governments and not directly elected by the people.

ICELAND

Further information: Alþingi

ISRAEL

See also: Knesset
Knesset

A _Member of the Knesset_ (Hebrew : חבר הכנסת‎‎) is one of the 120 Members of the Knesset
Knesset
. The title is almost always shortened to the initialism "MK".

ITALY

In the Republican Parliament
Parliament
the current term is _Deputato_ (that is _deputy_ as appointed to act on people's behalf) and so the Lower House takes the name of _Camera dei Deputati_. Similarly to other countries, the Upper House is called _Senato_ and its members are the _Senatori_. In the Republic of Italy there are 315 members of Senate and 630 members of the Camera dei Deputati. Both of them are elected by general elections every 5 years. The President of the Italian Republic can nominate for life 5 members of the Upper House. All former Presidents of the Republic are members of the Upper House for life. The two houses together form a perfect bicameral system, meaning they perform identical functions, but do so separately.

LEBANON

The Parliament
Parliament
of Lebanon is the Lebanese national legislature. It is elected to a four-year term by universal adult suffrage in multi-member constituencies, apportioned among Lebanon's diverse Christian and Muslim denominations. Its major functions are to elect the President of the Republic , to approve the government (although appointed by the President, the Prime Minister, along with the Cabinet, must retain the confidence of a majority in the Parliament), and to approve laws and expenditure. The name of a deputy in Arabic is Naeb (نائب). The plural of Naeb is Nuwab (نواب).

REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

Main article: Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia

In the Republic of Macedonia there are 120 members of parliament (Macedonian : Sobranie) which are called 'Pratenici' (singular Pratenik).

NETHERLANDS

The Parliament
Parliament
of the Netherlands is known as the STATEN-GENERAAL, States General . It is bicameral, divided in two KAMERS (_Chambers_). The Senate
Senate
is known in Dutch as the EERSTE KAMER (_First Chamber_) and its members as "senatoren", senators. The House of Representatives
House of Representatives
, known in Dutch as the TWEEDE KAMER (_Second Chamber_), is the most important one. The important debates take place here. Also, the Second Chamber can edit proposed laws with amendments and it can propose laws itself. The Senate
Senate
does not have these capabilities. Its function is a more technical reviewing of laws. It can only pass a law or reject it. Both chambers are in The Hague
The Hague
which is the seat of parliament but not the official capital of the Netherlands, which is Amsterdam
Amsterdam
.

The 150 members of the House of Representatives
House of Representatives
are elected by general elections every 4 years (or earlier if the government falls). The 75 members of the Senate
Senate
are elected indirectly. The members of the 12 provincial Parliaments and the councils of the three Caribbean _special municipalities _ elect the senators. The value of a vote of a member of a provincial Parliament
Parliament
is weighted by the population of the province. Provincial Parliaments, the States-Provincial , are elected by general elections every four years; a new Senate
Senate
is elected three months after the provincial elections.

NORWAY

A member of Parliament
Parliament
is an elected member of the _Stortinget _. They are called _stortingsrepresentanter_ (literal translation: _Representatives of the Storting_). Since 2009, Norway has had a unicameral Parliament, which previously consisted of _ Odelstinget
Odelstinget
_ and _ Lagtinget
Lagtinget
_, Odelstinget
Odelstinget
with three-quarters, or 127, of the total 169 members, Lagtinget
Lagtinget
with the remainder. The dividing of the Parliament
Parliament
into chambers was only used when dealing with passing regular laws and in cases of prosecution by the national court (_riksrett_). In other matters, such as passing the national budget or changing the constitution (the latter requiring a majority of two-thirds), the chambers were united.

The members of the unicameral Parliament
Parliament
of Norway are chosen by popular vote for a parliamentary period of four years.

PHILIPPINES

Further information: Batasang Pambansa
Batasang Pambansa

From 1978 to 1984, the Philippine Parliament
Parliament
was called the _Batasang Pambansa _ (National Assembly), and its elected members were called _Mambabatas Pambansa_ (National Assemblyman), often shortened to "MP".

POLAND

Further information: Sejm of the Republic of Poland
Sejm of the Republic of Poland

PORTUGAL

A member of Parliament
Parliament
is known as _deputado_, a person who is appointed after democratic election to act on people's behalf. The parliament is called _ Assembleia da República _.

SPAIN

See also: List of members of the Congress
Congress
of Deputies (Spain)

The word _PARLAMENTO_ -of the same origin as Parliament
Parliament
in English- is used as a common name for all legislative assemblies, and hence _PARLAMENTARIO_ for the member of any of them, which can usually refer to members of:

* both chambers of the national legislature ( Cortes Generales
Cortes Generales
), the Congress
Congress
of Deputies and the Senate
Senate
. * the regional devolved legislatures of the Autonomous Communities
Autonomous Communities
. * the European Parliament.

Members of the Congress
Congress
of Deputies are called _diputados_ (deputies), impliying that they are elected to act in the name and on behalf of the people they represent. It is also usual to call members of the European Parliament
Parliament
_eurodiputados_.

SWEDEN

See also: Riksdag
Riksdag
and List of members of the Riksdag, 2014–18

_Members of Parliament_ refers to the elected members of the Riksdag . In Swedish, an MP is usually referred to as a _riksdagsledamot_ (_member of the Riksdag_) or a _riksdagsman_ (_Gentleman of the Riksdag_). The former is in more common use today, especially in official contexts, due its status as a unisex word, while the latter was used more often historically and literally refers to a male MP exclusively.

The parliament is a unicameral assembly with 349 members who are chosen every four years in general elections . To become an MP, a person must be entitled to vote (i.e. be a Swedish citizen , be at least 18 years old and be or have been resident in Sweden) and must be nominated by a political party . The MPs are elected by proportionality in constituencies across the nation. To decide which candidate will be elected the modified Sainte-Laguë method is used. This method usually but not always gives an accurate result in proportion to cast votes. In the 2014 general election the center-right collation government got one less MP than the overall opposition, in despite of more votes in total. To get a more proportional result 39 MPs are elected at compensation mandate (_Utjämningsmandat_) and those MPs therefore doesn't represent their own constituency.

The salaries of the MPs are decided by the Riksdag
Riksdag
Pay Committee (_Riksdagens arvodesnämnd_), a government agency under the Riksdag. Since 1 November 2007, the basic monthly pay of an MP is SEK 52,900 (ca. US$8,300). The pay of the Speaker is SEK126,000 a month (ca. US$20,000), which is the same as that of the Prime Minister . The Deputy Speakers receive an increment of 30% of the pay of a member. The chairs and deputy chairs of the parliamentary committees receive a similar increment of 20% and 15% respectively.

According to a survey investigation by the sociologist Jenny Hansson, Swedish national parliamentarians have an average work week of 66 hours, including side responsibilities. Hansson's investigation further reports that the average Swedish national parliamentarian sleeps 6.5 hours per night.

THAILAND

In the Kingdom of Thailand
Thailand
, _members of Parliament_ (Thai : สมาชิกรัฐสภา; rtgs : Samachik Ratthasapha) refer to the members of the National Assembly of Thailand
Thailand
, that is, the Members of the House of Representatives
House of Representatives
and the Senators . Following the military coup d\'état on 19 September 2006, all members of the Assembly were suspended from duty until the next election. The Assembly was fully reconvened after the general elections under a slightly amended new constitution . Under the 2007 Constitution there are 650 members of Parliament, consisting of 500 members in the House of Representatives, of which 375 elected from constituencies and the other 125 by party-list, and 150 Senators.

TURKEY

See also: Grand National Assembly of Turkey
Grand National Assembly of Turkey

In the Republic of Turkey, a member of Parliament
Parliament
is an elected member of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey
Grand National Assembly of Turkey
(Turkish : _Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi, TBMM_), which has 550 members elected at a general election for a term of office of four years.

UKRAINE

People's Deputy of Ukraine
Ukraine
(_Ukrainian _: народний депутат України, narodnyi deputat Ukrayiny) is a member of Parliament, legislator elected by a popular vote to the Verkhovna Rada (the unicameral parliament of Ukraine). Often People's Deputies of Ukraine
Ukraine
are referred to simply as the "deputies".

The main statutes that define the order of elections, rights and duties of the People's Deputies of Ukraine
Ukraine
are outlined in Articles 76 – 81 of the Constitution of Ukraine
Ukraine
. There are 450 people's deputies of Ukraine
Ukraine
who are elected based on the general, equal and direct electoral right for 5 years. The deputies may be appointed to various parliamentary positions such as the chairperson (speaker) of Parliament, a head of a committee or a parliamentary fraction, etc. Upon its appointment to the office each people's deputy of Ukraine receives a _deputy mandate_.

People's Deputies that ran for the parliament as self-nominated candidates will join fractions if they wish.

SEE ALSO

* Deputy (legislator) * Member of Congress
Congress
* Australia and New Zealand Association of Clerks-at-the-Table , an association with the aim of advancing the professional development of parliamentrains

FOOTNOTES

* ^ "ESL Home". Parl.gc.ca. Archived from the original on 3 February 2012. Retrieved 30 March 2012. * ^ Glossary of Parliamentary Terms for intermediate students Parliament
Parliament
of Canada * ^ Then, Stephen (11 October 2012). "Here comes a real wakil rakyat". _The Star (Malaysia)_. Retrieved 2 March 2013. * ^ "Court Services" (PDF). Docs.justice.gov.mt. Retrieved 30 March 2012. * ^ "Court Services" (PDF). Docs.justice.gov.mt. Retrieved 30 March 2012. * ^ Scholefield, Guy (1950) . _New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949_ (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. p. 91. * ^ "UK Parliament". Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 2009-07-15. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link ) * ^ Electoral Administration Act 2006
Electoral Administration Act 2006
Office of Public Sector Information * ^ House of Lords
House of Lords
Reform UK Parliament * ^ "Mitglieder des Deutschen Bundestages (MdB)" (in German). German Bundestag
Bundestag
. Archived from the original on 9 September 2010. Retrieved 18 October 2010. * ^ Judgment no.390/2007 of the Constitutional Court makes clear that the third paragraph of Article 68 of the Constitution is intended to prevent that – listening to confidential discussions of a senator or a deputy – the Judiciary may become a source of constraints and pressures on the free development of an elected mandate : Buonomo, Giampiero (2007). "Intercettazioni "telefoniche" indirette: illegittima la distruzione immediata e la conseguente immunità dei terzi (non parlamentari) coinvolti". _Diritto&Giustizia edizione online_. – via Questia (subscription required) * ^ "Members and parties". Parliament
Parliament
of Sweden . 3 October 2006. Retrieved 6 January 2008. * ^ "Pay and economic benefits". The Riksdag
Riksdag
. 1 November 2007. Archived from the original on 22 August 2007. Retrieved 6 January 2008. * ^ "Members\' pay". The Riksdag
Riksdag
. 13 July 2007. Retrieved 6 January 2008. * ^ Hansson, Jenny (2008). "Sociologiska institutionen – Välkommen till oss!" (PDF). De Folkvaldas Livsvillkor, Umea University. * ^ Yanukovych signs law on open voting to elect parliamentary chairman, Kyiv Post (19 November 2012)

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* GND : 4000135-0 * NDL : 00961975

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