A Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) is a representative elected by
the voters of an electoral district (constituency) to the Legislature
of a State in the Indian system of government . Each state has between
seven and nine MLAs for every
Member of Parliament (MP) that it has in
Lok Sabha . There are also Members in two unicameral legislatures
Union Territories : the
Delhi Legislative Assembly and Puducherry
Legislative Assembly .
* 1 State legislature
* 2 Qualification
* 3 Term
* 4 Powers
* 5 MLA party memberships on 01 August 2017
* 6 Presiding officers
* 7 See also
* 8 References
In states where there are two houses there is a Legislative Council
and a Legislative Assembly. In such a case, the
Legislative Council is
the Upper House, while Legislative Assembly is the Lower House of the
State Legislature. The Governor shall not be a member of the
Legislature or Parliament; shall not hold any office of profit, shall
be entitled to emoluments and allowances. (Article 158 of Indian
The Legislative Assembly consists of not more than 500 members and
not less than 60. The biggest state like
Uttar Pradesh has 403 members
in its Assembly. States which have small population and are small in
size have a provision for having even lesser number of members in the
Puducherry has 30 members.
only 40 members each.
Sikkim has 32 members. All members of the
Legislative Assembly are elected on the basis of adult franchise , and
one member is elected from one constituency. Just as the President has
the power to nominate 2 Anglo Indians to the
Lok Sabha , similarly,
the Governor also has the power to nominate 1 member from Anglo
Indian's community as he/she deems fit, if he/she is of the opinion
that they are not adequately represented in the Assembly.
The qualifications to member of the state
Legislature are largely
similar to the qualifications to be the members of Parliament. A
person should be i) a citizen of
India ii) not less than 25 years of
age to be member of the Legislative Assembly and not less than 30
years as per Article 173 of Indian Constitution to be a member of the
No person can become a member of the Legislative Assembly or the
Legislative Council of any state, unless the individual is a voter
from any constituency of the state. Those who cannot become members of
Parliament can also not become members of state Legislature. The
member is elected by the people of that particular constituency and
represents those people in the legislative assembly and debates on
issues related to his or her constituency. The MLA's position is like
an MP only but the difference is only that MLA is in the state level
and the MP is in the national level.
The term of the Legislative Assembly is five years. But it may be
dissolved even earlier than five years by the Governor on the request
of Chief Minister. The term of the Legislative Assembly may be
extended during an Emergency, but not more than six months at a
time.In the State of Jammu and Kashmir the tenure of the Legislative
Assembly is 6 years.
Legislative Council is the Upper House in the State. Just like
Rajya Sabha it is a permanent House. The members of state's upper
house are selected based on the strength of each party in the lower
house and by state gubernatorial nomination. The term of each member
is 6 years and 1/3 members of the House retire after every two years.
The upper house of a state assembly, unlike the Upper house of the
Parliament, can be abolished by the lower house, if it passes a
specific law bill, which states to dissolve the upper house, and gets
it attested in both houses of parliament and then signed by the
president into law. Only Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir,
Karnataka, Maharashtra, Telangana,
Uttar Pradesh have their Upper
houses in existence. All other states have abolished the upper house
by the above-mentioned method, as the upper house causes unnecessary
problems and issues.
The most important function of the
Legislature is law making. The
Legislature has the power to make laws on all items on which
Parliament cannot legislate. Some of these items are police, prisons,
irrigation, agriculture, local governments, public health,
pilgrimages, burial grounds etc. Some items on which both Parliament
and states can make laws are education, marriage and divorce, forests,
protection of wild animals and birds etc.
As regards Money Bill, the position is the same. Bills can originate
only in the Legislative Assembly. The
Legislative Council can either
pass the bill within 14 days from the date of the receipt of the Bill
or suggest changes in it within 14 days. But these changes may or may
not be accepted by the Assembly.
Legislature besides making laws has one electoral power in
electing the President of India. Elected members of the Legislative
Assembly along with the elected members of Parliament are involved in
Some parts of the Constitution can be amended by Parliament with the
approval of half of State Legislatures. Thus the State legislatures
take part in the process of amendment of the Constitution.
MLA PARTY MEMBERSHIPS ON 01 AUGUST 2017
YSRCP 66, Navodayam Party 1
AGP 14, BPF 12
JDU 71, LJP 2, RLSP 2, HAM 1
MGP 3, GFP 3
* ^ "KKHSOU".
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