A Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) is a representative elected by
the voters of an electoral district (constituency) to the Legislature
of a State in the Indian system of government . Each state has between
seven and nine MLAs for every
Member of Parliament (MP) that it has in
* 1 State legislature * 2 Qualification * 3 Term * 4 Powers * 5 MLA party memberships on 01 August 2017 * 6 Presiding officers * 7 See also * 8 References
In states where there are two houses there is a Legislative Council
and a Legislative Assembly. In such a case, the
Legislative Council is
the Upper House, while Legislative Assembly is the Lower House of the
State Legislature. The Governor shall not be a member of the
The Legislative Assembly consists of not more than 500 members and
not less than 60. The biggest state like
The qualifications to member of the state
No person can become a member of the Legislative Assembly or the Legislative Council of any state, unless the individual is a voter from any constituency of the state. Those who cannot become members of Parliament can also not become members of state Legislature. The member is elected by the people of that particular constituency and represents those people in the legislative assembly and debates on issues related to his or her constituency. The MLA's position is like an MP only but the difference is only that MLA is in the state level and the MP is in the national level.
The term of the Legislative Assembly is five years. But it may be dissolved even earlier than five years by the Governor on the request of Chief Minister. The term of the Legislative Assembly may be extended during an Emergency, but not more than six months at a time.In the State of Jammu and Kashmir the tenure of the Legislative Assembly is 6 years.
Legislative Council is the Upper House in the State. Just like
Rajya Sabha it is a permanent House. The members of state's upper
house are selected based on the strength of each party in the lower
house and by state gubernatorial nomination. The term of each member
is 6 years and 1/3 members of the House retire after every two years.
The upper house of a state assembly, unlike the Upper house of the
Parliament, can be abolished by the lower house, if it passes a
specific law bill, which states to dissolve the upper house, and gets
it attested in both houses of parliament and then signed by the
president into law. Only Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir,
Karnataka, Maharashtra, Telangana,
The most important function of the
As regards Money Bill, the position is the same. Bills can originate only in the Legislative Assembly. The Legislative Council can either pass the bill within 14 days from the date of the receipt of the Bill or suggest changes in it within 14 days. But these changes may or may not be accepted by the Assembly.
Some parts of the Constitution can be amended by Parliament with the approval of half of State Legislatures. Thus the State legislatures take part in the process of amendment of the Constitution.
MLA PARTY MEMBERSHIPS ON 01 AUGUST 2017
STATE NAME TOTAL INC BJP LEFTISTS SOCIALIST NDA OTHERS IND. VACANT
Andhra Pradesh 175
TDP 102 YSRCP 66, Navodayam Party 1 1 1
Arunachal Pradesh 60 1 47
Assam 126 25 61
AGP 14, BPF 12 AIUDF 13 1
Bihar 243 27 53 CPI-ML 3 RJD 80 JDU 71, LJP 2, RLSP 2, HAM 1
Chhattisgarh 90 39 49
BSP 1 1
MGP 3, GFP 3 NCP 1 3 2
Gujarat 182 51 121
JDU 1 NCP 2 1 6
Haryana 90 17 47
INLD 19 SAD 1 BSP 1 5
Himachal Pradesh 68 36 27
* ^ "KKHSOU"