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Coordinates: 37°49′22″S 144°58′48″E / 37.82267°S 144.98005°E / -37.82267; 144.98005

The Melbourne Sports and Entertainment Precinct
Melbourne Sports and Entertainment Precinct
with Melbourne
Melbourne
Park being situated between Yarra Park
Yarra Park
and the MCG to the left and AAMI Park and Olympic Park to the right

Melbourne
Melbourne
Park is a sports venue in the Melbourne
Melbourne
Sports and Entertainment Precinct in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Since 1988, Australian's bicentenary, Melbourne
Melbourne
Park has been home of the Australian Open
Australian Open
Grand Slam tennis tournament, which is played annually in January. The park has facilities capable of hosting basketball, netball, music concerts and other events. In the past Melbourne
Melbourne
Park has hosted ice skating, cycling, international swimming and motorsport events. Melbourne
Melbourne
Park is owned by Melbourne
Melbourne
& Olympic Parks, which also runs the adjacent Melbourne
Melbourne
Rectangular Stadium. The Yarra Park section of the Sports and Entertainment Precinct is run separately.

Contents

1 History 2 Events 3 Arenas

3.1 Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena 3.2 Hisense Arena 3.3 Margaret Court
Margaret Court
Arena 3.4 Show Courts

4 Redevelopments 5 Transport and access 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History[edit] Melbourne
Melbourne
Park was built in 1988 beside the Jolimont Yard
Jolimont Yard
as a new precinct to host the Australian
Australian
Open. The previous venue, Kooyong Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Club, had become too small for the burgeoning tournament. Melbourne
Melbourne
Park's construction was completed in 1988 at a cost of at least $94 million.[1] The unveiling of the new precinct was met with incredibly positive reviews by players and spectators, with some labelling the facilities and amenities the best of the four Grand Slams.[2] Expansion of the precinct next occurred in 1996, when a further $23 million was invested to create two fully seated and larger show courts and eight new ‘Ace’ courts, as well as a large grassy space, now known as ‘Garden Square’.[3] The park was originally known as Flinders Park until 1996, when then-Premier, Jeff Kennett
Jeff Kennett
decided to rename it Melbourne
Melbourne
Park, mainly to advertise the name "Melbourne" to a wide international audience. The decision was met with strong opposition, and was compared by some to renaming Stade Roland Garros
Stade Roland Garros
(home to the French Open
French Open
in Paris) "Paris Park". However, over the years, the name has become accepted by Melburnians.[3] The organisation responsible for managing the precinct is the Melbourne
Melbourne
& Olympic Parks Trust,[4] which was established in October 1995 in accordance with the provisions of the amended Melbourne
Melbourne
& Olympic Parks Act 1985. Events[edit] While it is best known for being a tennis venue, Melbourne
Melbourne
Park also plays host to a number of other sports and musical events throughout the year. The venue tends to be used by more popular international performers, as it is the largest the city has to offer, excluding the Docklands Stadium
Docklands Stadium
in the Docklands and the nearby Melbourne
Melbourne
Cricket Ground. Aside from the Australian
Australian
Open, which typically attracts crowds in excess of 700,000, other sports to be played regularly at Melbourne Park's arenas include netball (Super Netball
Netball
teams Melbourne
Melbourne
Vixens and Collingwood Magpies play home matches at Hisense Arena
Hisense Arena
and Margaret Court
Margaret Court
Arena) and basketball (National Basketball
Basketball
League team Melbourne
Melbourne
United play home matches at Hisense Arena). More infrequently events like the UCI Track Cycling
Cycling
World Championships and ice hockey exhibition matches have been held at Melbourne
Melbourne
Park. Rod Laver Arena
Rod Laver Arena
and Margaret Court Arena
Margaret Court Arena
are the two venues most commonly used for music concerts. Arenas[edit] Melbourne
Melbourne
Park is the only Grand Slam tennis venue to have three courts installed with a retractable roof, allowing play to continue in the event of rain or extreme heat. All three stadium courts/arenas are multi-purpose, being used for a variety of other sporting and musical events during the year, outside of their Australian Open
Australian Open
commitments in January. In total there are 35 outdoor Plexicushion
Plexicushion
tennis courts at Melbourne
Melbourne
Park.[4] Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena[edit] Main article: Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena

Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena

Formerly known as Centre Court, Rod Laver Arena
Rod Laver Arena
has a capacity of nearly 15,000 and has a retractable roof. The arena was opened in 1988 prior to that year's championships and was originally known as the National Tennis
Tennis
Centre at Flinders Park.[2][5] It was not until January 2000 that the arena was named after one of the greatest Australian
Australian
tennis players, Rod Laver.[6] Rod Laver Arena
Rod Laver Arena
has played host to some of the most memorable tennis matches, such as:

Rafael Nadal
Rafael Nadal
vs. Roger Federer
Roger Federer
(2009 & 2017 finals) – The Federer-Nadal
Federer-Nadal
rivalry includes two finals at the Australian
Australian
Open, each eight years apart and shared equally between the pair. Both went to five sets and are considered classics. The 2009 final was particularly noteworthy for Federer's tears during the post-match presentation.[7] Novak Djokovic
Novak Djokovic
vs. Rafael Nadal
Rafael Nadal
(2012 final) – Considered one of the greatest matches ever, Djokovic clinched his third Australian
Australian
Open title in a near-six hour epic, defeating Nadal 7-5 in the fifth set. It was the longest final in Grand Slam history, lasting 5 hours 53 minutes and eclipsing the previous record set by Mats Wilander
Mats Wilander
and Ivan Lendl
Ivan Lendl
at the 1988 US Open final.[8] Lleyton Hewitt
Lleyton Hewitt
vs. Roger Federer
Roger Federer
( 2003 Davis Cup semi-final) – Labelled "one of the greatest comebacks in Australia's long Davis Cup history," Hewitt defeated a still rising Federer, 5-7 2-6 7-6 (7-4) 7-5 6-1 before a raucous Melbourne
Melbourne
crowd and booked Australia's place in the final.[9]

Hisense Arena[edit] Main article: Hisense Arena

Hisense Arena

The second largest court is Hisense Arena
Hisense Arena
(known for non-commercial purposes as the Multi-Purpose Venue, as it was referred to during the 2006 Commonwealth Games), which was opened in 2000. It has a capacity of 10,500, and also has a retractable roof. Completed in 2000 for a cost of $65 million, the arena has hosted a wide variety of sporting and other events since its inception including boxing bouts such as Anthony Mundine
Anthony Mundine
vs. Lester Ellis, as well as Grand Finals in netball and basketball and concerts performed by Scissor Sisters, BB King, Nicki Minaj
Nicki Minaj
and One Direction.[10] During the Australian
Australian
Open, Hisense Arena
Hisense Arena
hosts numerous day and night matches up to the end of the fourth round. Most notably it is the venue of the longest women's singles match in a Grand Slam. Francesca Schiavone defeated Svetlana Kuznetsova
Svetlana Kuznetsova
6-4 1-6 16-14 in four hours and forty-four minutes at the fourth round of the 2011 Australian Open.[11] Hisense Arena
Hisense Arena
has been accessible for Australian
Australian
Open patrons with a ground pass (i.e.: cheapest form of ticketing available) since 2015 and subsequently the arena has developed a reputation for being, like most outdoor courts, an incredibly passionate venue with terrific atmosphere, particularly when Australians are playing on the court.[12][13] Margaret Court
Margaret Court
Arena[edit] Main article: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
Arena

Margaret Court
Margaret Court
Arena

Formerly known as Show Court 1, Margaret Court Arena
Margaret Court Arena
was opened in 1988 along with the Melbourne
Melbourne
Park precinct. Originally seating 6,000 spectators, the arena underwent a renovation which increased the capacity to 7,500 and added a retractable roof – the fastest of its kind in the world, opening or closing in just five minutes.[14] The redevelopment was completed prior to the 2015 Australian
Australian
Open.[15] The arena is also used for regular music concerts and is one of the two home courts of Super Netball
Netball
team the Melbourne
Melbourne
Vixens. Conjecture over the name of the arena has caused significant debate in Australian
Australian
society. Named in honour of Margaret Court, statistically Australia's greatest Grand Slam singles player, Court has sparked controversy over her public views on LGBT
LGBT
issues. As recently as 2017 there were calls from several public figures for the arena's name to be changed.[16][17] Show Courts[edit] Aside from a further 35 match day and practice courts,[4] some of which have temporary standing attached to them for the Australian Open, there are two Show Courts at Melbourne
Melbourne
Park (named Show Court 2 and Show Court 3), each with a permanent seating capacity of approximately 3,000.[18] Like all the other tennis courts at Melbourne Park, these show courts remain as tennis courts throughout the year and are available for use by the general public. Redevelopments[edit] The Melbourne
Melbourne
Park Master Plan has been the process by which the precinct has undergone three significant stages of redevelopment since 2010. The Stage 1 redevelopment included the construction of a new Eastern Plaza to host an elite tennis training facility and a new bridge linking Melbourne
Melbourne
Park to the nearby AAMI Park stadium and Olympic Park Oval, as well as an upgrade to Margaret Court
Margaret Court
Arena. The Eastern Plaza Tennis
Tennis
Training Facility, which was later named the National Tennis
Tennis
Centre and features eight indoor and 13 outdoor courts (including eight European-style clay courts) was unveiled in January 2013.[19][20] Margaret Court Arena
Margaret Court Arena
(which had its seating capacity expanded to 7,500 and a retractable roof installed) was opened ahead of the 2015 Australian
Australian
Open.[21] The cost of the Stage 1 redevelopment was $366 million.[22] Stage 2 of the redevelopment began in earnest June 2015, when it was announced that Rod Laver Arena
Rod Laver Arena
would undergo a redevopment of its exterior facade and interior features, such as bars and other player facilities.[23][24] The broader second stage upgrade included a new footbridge linking Melbourne
Melbourne
Park and Birrarung Marr
Birrarung Marr
and an Administration and Media Building, to house Tennis
Tennis
Australia
Australia
and Melbourne
Melbourne
& Olympic Parks Trust headquarters. The new footbridge, named Tanderrum Bridge, was unveiled in December 2016 and the Administration and Media Building was completed two months earlier.[25][26] The Rod Laver Arena
Rod Laver Arena
refurbishment is expected to be completed by mid-2019.[24] The Stage 2 redevelopment costs $338 million.[22] The final phase of redevelopment - Stage 3 - was announced in April 2017 by the Victorian Government. A further $271.3 million will be invested to complete upgrades for Melbourne
Melbourne
Park. The third stage will feature:[27][22]

A new multi-purpose 5,000-seat sunken show court and arena Central terrace with a new elevated outdoor public space New function centre A media centre and broadcast studios Central kitchen, loading dock and logistics hub Two additional match courts to the north of the park

Construction of this stage will begin at the conclusion of the Rod Laver Arena redevelopment (see above), likely in 2019.[27][22] Overall, more than $950 million is being spent on the multi-year redevelopment of the Melbourne
Melbourne
Park precinct and completion of all works at the precinct is not expected to finish until around 2020-22. Transport and access[edit] Melbourne
Melbourne
Park is adjacent to the Melbourne Cricket Ground
Melbourne Cricket Ground
in Yarra Park, and there are several pedestrian bridges linking the two across the separating railway lines. The park is five minutes walk from Richmond and Jolimont railway stations, and five minutes from the city centre by tram (route 70) or ten minutes on foot. See also[edit]

Australian
Australian
Open Melbourne
Melbourne
Sports and Entertainment Precinct List of tennis stadiums by capacity

References[edit]

^ " Melbourne
Melbourne
Park". Austadiums. 12 January 2014.  ^ a b Colebatch, Tim (12 January 1988). "Melbourne's state-of-the-art tennis centre is a knockout". The Age. Melbourne, Australia. Retrieved 21 October 2013.  ^ a b "10Best: The History of Melbourne
Melbourne
Park, Home of the Australian Open". USA Today. 1 December 2012.  ^ a b c "Overview". Melbourne
Melbourne
& Olympic Parks Trust. 1 January 2016.  ^ "Looking back at the Australian Open
Australian Open
from Kooyong to Melbourne Park". Herald Sun. 18 January 2013.  ^ "Centre court named after Laver". New Straits Times. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 22 December 1999. p. 43. Retrieved 21 October 2013.  ^ "Nadal Defeats a Tearful Federer in Australia". The New York Times. 1 February 2009.  ^ Eckstein, Jeremy (17 February 2012). " Novak Djokovic
Novak Djokovic
vs. Rafael Nadal: Why Aussie Open Final Is Greatest Match Ever". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 2 February 2015.  ^ "Hewitt beats Federer". The Age. 21 September 2003.  ^ "History". Hisense Arena. 1 January 2017.  ^ "Schiavone wins a record-breaking, three set marathon". The Sydney Morning Herald. 23 January 2011.  ^ "The people's court or the tennis court?". The Sydney Morning Herald. 1 February 2015.  ^ "Andy Murray enjoyed 'great atmosphere' on Hisense". Eurosport. 20 January 2017.  ^ "History". Margaret Court
Margaret Court
Arena. 1 January 2017.  ^ " Margaret Court Arena
Margaret Court Arena
to weatherproof Australian
Australian
Open". Tennis Australia. 21 July 2014.  ^ "Martina, PM weigh in on Court". The Australian. 26 May 2017.  ^ " Margaret Court
Margaret Court
Arena: former premier John Cain says name should stay". The Age. 27 May 2017.  ^ "Event Guide". 2014 Australian Open
Australian Open
(IBM). 4 November 2013. Archived from the original on 4 November 2013.  ^ "National Tennis
Tennis
Centre delivered a year ahead of schedule". Major Projects Victoria. 14 January 2013.  ^ "National Tennis
Tennis
Centre". Only Melbourne. 1 January 2015.  ^ " Australian Open
Australian Open
could be played entirely indoors, as Margaret Court Arena gets retractable roof". ABC News. 4 January 2015.  ^ a b c d " Melbourne
Melbourne
Park Masterplan Redevelopment Overview (2012-20)". Major Projects Victoria. 1 June 2017.  ^ " Rod Laver Arena
Rod Laver Arena
plans unveiled". SBS. 2 June 2015.  ^ a b "Upgrading Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena". Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena. 1 July 2016.  ^ "History Made As Tanderrum Bridge Opens". premier.vic.gov.au. 22 December 2016. Archived from the original on 3 May 2017.  ^ " Melbourne
Melbourne
Park Administration and Media Building". Built Projects. 1 November 2016.  ^ a b " Melbourne
Melbourne
Park To Remain Ultimate Sporting And Entertainment Precinct". Tennis
Tennis
Tour Talk. 23 April 2017. Archived from the original on 3 May 2017. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Melbourne
Melbourne
Park.

Melbourne
Melbourne
& Olympic Parks official website Melbourne
Melbourne
Park Map – 2016 Australian Open
Australian Open
Tournament Mode Australian Open
Australian Open
official website Melbourne
Melbourne
Park at Austadiums

v t e

Landmarks in the Melbourne
Melbourne
City Centre

Note: this includes landmarks in the Melbourne
Melbourne
City Centre and its immediate surrounds, not the Greater Melbourne
Melbourne
metropolitan area

Precincts

Arts Chinatown Docklands East End Government Greek Little Italy Paris End RMIT Quarter Southbank/Wharf Sports and Entertainment University of Melbourne

Entertainment

Aquarium Arts Centre Convention and Exhibition Centre Crown Entertainment Complex Luna Park Theatre District Tramcar Restaurant Visitor Shuttle Zoo

Shopping centres

Block Arcade Collins Place DFO Emporium GPO Melbourne
Melbourne
Central Myer
Myer
Flagship Store Queen Victoria Market QV Royal Arcade St. Collins Lane The District Docklands

Public museums

ACCA ACMI Chinese Hellenic Ian Potter Immigration Melbourne Observatory NGV Australia NGV International Old Melbourne
Melbourne
Gaol Old Treasury Building RMIT Gallery

Institutions

Government House Town Hall Parliament House State Library Supreme Court Victoria Barracks

Notable structures

Arts Centre Eureka Tower Federation Square Melbourne
Melbourne
Star Royal Exhibition Building Shrine of Remembrance St Patrick's Cathedral St Paul's Cathedral

Sports venues

Docklands (Etihad) Stadium Grand Prix Circuit Icehouse Lakeside Stadium MCG Melbourne
Melbourne
Park ( Margaret Court Arena
Margaret Court Arena
- Multi-Purpose Venue (Hisense Arena) - Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena) Rectangular Stadium (AAMI Park) Sports and Aquatic Centre Sports and Entertainment (Holden) Centre Royal Park Golf Club State Netball
Netball
and Hockey Centre

Parks and gardens

Albert Park Alexandra Gardens Birrarung Marr Carlton Gardens Fitzroy Gardens Flagstaff Gardens Kings Domain Queen Victoria Gardens Royal Botanic Gardens Royal Park Treasury Gardens Yarra Park

Transport

Bolte Bridge Capital City Trail City Circle Tram CityLink City Loop Flinders Street station Melbourne
Melbourne
Central station Southern Cross station Trams West Gate Bridge Yarra River

See also: Lanes and arcades of Melbourne, List of museums in Melbourne, List of theatres in Melbourne, and Parks and gardens of Melbourne

v t e

Grand Slam tournament venues

Australian
Australian
Open

Melbourne
Melbourne
Park

Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena Hisense Arena Margaret Court
Margaret Court
Arena

French Open

Stade Roland Garros

Court Philippe Chatrier Court Suzanne Lenglen Court 1

Wimbledon

All England Lawn Tennis
Tennis
and Croquet Club

Centre Court No. 1 Court No. 2 Court No. 3 Court

US Open

USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis
Tennis
Center

Arthur Ashe Stadium Louis Armstrong

.