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The Meghna River
Meghna River
(Bengali: মেঘনা নদী) is one of the most important rivers in Bangladesh,[1] one of the three that forms the Ganges
Ganges
Delta, the largest delta on earth, which fans out to the Bay of Bengal. A part of the Surma- Meghna River
Meghna River
System, Meghna is formed inside Bangladesh
Bangladesh
in Kishoreganj District
Kishoreganj District
above the town of Bhairab Bazar
Bhairab Bazar
by the joining of the Surma and the Kushiyara, both of which originate in the hilly regions of eastern India
India
as the Barak River. The Meghna meets its major tributary, the Padma, in Chandpur District. Other major tributaries of the Meghna include the Dhaleshwari, the Gumti, and the Feni. The Meghna empties into the Bay of Bengal in Bhola District
Bhola District
via four principal mouths, named Tetulia (Ilsha), Shahbazpur, Hatia, and Bamni.

Boat in Meghna River

The Meghna is the widest river among those that flow completely inside the boundaries of Bangladesh. At a point near Bhola, Meghna is 12 km wide. In its lower reaches this river's path is almost perfectly straight. Course[edit] The Meghna is formed inside Bangladesh
Bangladesh
by the joining of the Surma and Kushiyara rivers originating from the hilly regions of eastern India. Down to Chandpur, Meghna is hydrographically referred to as the Upper Meghna. After the Padma
Padma
joins, it is referred to as the Lower Meghna. Near Muladhuli in Barisal
Barisal
district, the Safipur River is an offshoot of the Surma that creates one of the main rivers in South Bengal. 1.5 km wide, this river is one of the widest in the country as well.[citation needed] At Chatalpar of Brahmanbaria District, the river Titas emerges from Meghna and after circling two large bends by a distance of about 150 miles[citation needed], falls into the Meghna again near Nabinagar Upazila. The Titas forms as a single stream but braids into two distinct streams which remain separate before re-joining the Meghna.

A view of the Meghna from a bridge

In Daudkandi, (Comilla District), the Meghna is joined by the Gumti River, which increases the Meghna's waterflow considerably. The pair of bridges over the Meghna and Gumti are two of the country's largest bridges. Meghna is again reinforced by the Dhaleshwari before Chandpur. Further down, the Padma
Padma
River- the largest distributary of the Ganges
Ganges
in Bangladesh, along with the Jamuna River- the largest distributary of the Brahmaputra, join with the Meghna in Chandpur District, resulting in the Lower Meghna. When the brown and hazy water of the Padma
Padma
mix with the clear water of the Upper Meghna, the two streams do not mix but flow in parallel down to the sea - making half of the river clear and the other half brown. This peculiarity of the river is always a great attraction for people. After Chandpur, the combined flow of the Padma, Jamuna and Meghna moves down to the Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
in an almost straight line, braiding occasionally into a number of riverines including the Pagli, Katalia, Dhonagoda, Matlab and Udhamodi. All of these rivers rejoin the Meghna at different points downstream. Near Bhola, just before flowing into the Bay of Bengal, the river again divides into two main streams in the Ganges
Ganges
delta and separates an island from both sides of the mainland. The western stream is called Ilsha while the eastern one is called Bamni. See also[edit]

List of rivers in Bangladesh

References[edit]

^ Masud Hasan Chowdhury (2012). "Meghna River". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Meghna River.

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