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A megalopolis (sometimes called a megapolis; also megaregion, or supercity)[1] is typically defined as a chain of roughly adjacent metropolitan areas, which may be somewhat separated or may merge into a continuous urban region. Emerging megalopolises in the developing world include the Pearl River Delta, which when formed will constitute the core part of a Southern China Coast megaregion; the Unified Jakarta- Bandung
Bandung
metro area forming the core of the Northern Java
Java
megaregion; and the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta core, a part of a Central Chinese Coast megaregion.

Contents

1 History of term megalopolis 2 Definitions 3 Africa 4 Americas

4.1 Transnational 4.2 Argentina 4.3 Brazil 4.4 Canada 4.5 Colombia 4.6 Mexico 4.7 Peru 4.8 United States 4.9 Venezuela

5 Asia

5.1 East Asia

5.1.1 China 5.1.2 Japan 5.1.3 South Korea 5.1.4 Taiwan

5.2 South Asia

5.2.1 Sri Lanka 5.2.2 India 5.2.3 Bangladesh 5.2.4 Pakistan 5.2.5 Nepal

5.3 Southeast Asia

5.3.1 Philippines 5.3.2 Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, and Vietnam

5.4 Southwest Asia

5.4.1 Iran 5.4.2 Turkey

6 Europe

6.1 Transnational (Europe) 6.2 Scandinavia 6.3 France 6.4 Germany 6.5 Italy 6.6 Benelux 6.7 Poland
Poland
and Czechia 6.8 Spain 6.9 United Kingdom

7 Oceania

7.1 Australia

8 See also 9 References 10 External links

History of term megalopolis[edit] The term was used by Patrick Geddes
Patrick Geddes
in his 1915 book Cities in Evolution,[2][verification needed] by Oswald Spengler
Oswald Spengler
in his 1918 book The Decline of the West, and Lewis Mumford
Lewis Mumford
in his 1938 book The Culture of Cities, which described it as the first stage in urban overdevelopment and social decline. Later, it was used by Jean Gottmann in his landmark 1961 study, Megalopolis: The Urbanized Northeastern Seaboard of the United States, to describe the chain of metropolitan areas along the northeastern seaboard of the U.S. extending from Boston, Massachusetts, through New York City, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and ending in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
and Northern Virginia.[3][4][5] The latter is sometimes called the "BosWash megalopolis". Definitions[edit]

Northeast megalopolis
Northeast megalopolis
(United States) and Taiheiyō Belt
Taiheiyō Belt
(Japan).

Megalopolis
Megalopolis
is a Western deformation of the Greek word that derived from Greek: μέγας (mégas) meaning 'great' and Greek: πόλις (pólis) meaning 'city', therefore literally a 'great city'. This term is closer in meaning to megacity. Because in Greek, πόλις is feminine, the correct term is megalopolis. A megalopolis, also known as a megaregion, is a clustered network of cities. Gottmann defined its population as 25 million.[6] Doxiadis defined a small megalopolis a similar cluster with a population of about 10 million.[7][8][9] America 2050,[10] a program of the Regional Plan Association, lists 11 megaregions in the United States
United States
and Canada.[7] Literally, megalopolis in Greek means a city of exaggerated size where the prefix megalo- represents a quantity of exaggerated size.[11] Megapolitan areas were explored in a July 2005 report by Robert E. Lang and Dawn Dhavale of the Metropolitan Institute at Virginia Tech.[12] A later 2007 article by Lang and Nelson uses 20 megapolitan areas grouped into 10 megaregions.[13] The concept is based on the original Megalopolis
Megalopolis
model.[9] Modern interlinked ground transportation corridors, such as rail and highway, often aid in the development of megalopolises. Using these commuter passageways to travel throughout the megalopolis is informally called megaloping. This term was coined by Davide Gadren and Stefan Berteau.[14] Note: In Brazil, the similar sounding terms to megaregion (megarregião when translated to English, are actually legally distinct and take on quite different meaning: Mesoregions of Brazil (mesorregião) and Microregions of Brazil (microrregião). Africa[edit]

Cairo–Giza–Qalyubia–Helwan–6th of October City
City
(Greater Cairo), Egypt (16 million) The area around the Nile
Nile
is also very densely populated. Nile
Nile
River Delta Governorates (Alexandria, Beheira, Kafr el-Sheikh, Gharbia, Monufia, Qalyubia, Dakahlia, Damietta, Al Sharqia, and Port Said) have a combined population of 41,045,135. The total area of these Governorates is 18,199 square miles making the population density 2,255.4 per square mile. The Gauteng
Gauteng
City
City
Region (PWV) in South Africa, which includes the urbanised portion of Gauteng
Gauteng
Province (Pretoria, Centurion, Midrand, Johannesburg
Johannesburg
and the Vaal Triangle, with a population of over 10 million)[15][16][17] The region in Morocco including El Jadida-Casablanca-Rabat-Salé-Kenitra, concentrating in the long coastal belt, on around 250 km with a depth of 40 to 50 km, more than 11 million inhabitants.[citation needed] The Nairobi
Nairobi
Metropolitan Region consisting of the counties of (Kajiado-Kiambu-Nairobi-Machakos-Murang'a) in Kenya, which have a combined population of 8 million people.[18]

Americas[edit] Transnational[edit]

Megalopolis
Megalopolis
name Population in millions 2011 Population in millions 2025 (projected) Population percent growth 2011 - 2025 (projected) Major cities

Cascadia 8.4 8.8 5.0%

 Canada: Abbotsford, Vancouver
Vancouver
(BC), Victoria  United States: Boise, Eugene, Portland (OR), Salem, Seattle, Tacoma, Spokane, Tri-Cities, Vancouver
Vancouver
(WA)

Great Lakes 55.5 60.7 9.4%

 Canada: Hamilton, London, Montreal, Niagara Falls, Oshawa, Ottawa, Quebec City, Toronto, Vaughan, Windsor  United States: Akron, Ann Arbor, Buffalo, Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, Dayton, Des Moines, Detroit, Duluth, Erie, Flint, Fort Wayne, Green Bay, Grand Rapids, Indianapolis, Kalamazoo, Kansas City, Lansing, Louisville, Madison, Milwaukee, Minneapolis, Omaha, Pittsburgh, Quad Cities, Rochester (NY), Rochester (MN), Rockford, Traverse City, Saginaw, St. Louis, Saint Paul, South Bend, Toledo

Southern California 24.4 29 18.9%

 Mexico: Tijuana  United States: Anaheim, Bakersfield, Las Vegas, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego

Argentina[edit]

Satellite image of Greater Buenos Aires
Greater Buenos Aires
at night. Urban sprawl created a vast conurbation of 12,801,365 inhabitants including the City
City
of Buenos Aires, a third of the total population of Argentina.

Megalopolis
Megalopolis
Name Population in 2013 Major cities Other cities

Greater Buenos Aires 13,641,973 Buenos Aires; Merlo, Buenos Aires; Quilmes; Banfield, Buenos Aires Lanús; Hurlingham, Buenos Aires; and Avellaneda

Brazil[edit]

Expanded Metropolitan Complex of São Paulo, Brazil

Megalopolis
Megalopolis
Name Population in 2015[19] Major cities Other cities

São Paulo
São Paulo
Macrometropolis +32,200,000 São Paulo
São Paulo
and Campinas Sorocaba, Jundiaí, São José dos Campos, Piracicaba
Piracicaba
and Santos

Greater Rio de Janeiro +12,000,000 Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
and São Gonçalo Nova Iguaçu, Duque de Caxias, Niterói, Belford Roxo
Belford Roxo
and São João de Meriti

Greater Belo Horizonte +5,800,000 Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
and Contagem Betim, Nova Lima
Nova Lima
and Sete Lagoas

Greater Porto
Porto
Alegre +4,200,000 Porto Alegre
Porto Alegre
and Canoas São Leopoldo, Novo Hamburgo
Novo Hamburgo
and Gravataí

Recife
Recife
metropolitan area +3,900,000 Recife
Recife
and Jaboatão dos Guararapes Olinda, Paulista, Cabo de Santo Agostinho, Camaragibe, Igarassu, São Lourenço da Mata, Abreu e Lima, Ipojuca, Moreno, Itapissuma, Ilha de Itamaracá and Araçoiaba

Greater Curitiba + 3,500,000 Curitiba
Curitiba
and São José dos Pinhais Araucária, Colombo, Fazenda Rio Grande, Lapa and Pinhais

Canada[edit]

Quebec City
City
in Quebec City–Windsor Corridor

Calgary
Calgary
in Calgary– Edmonton
Edmonton
Corridor

Megalopolis
Megalopolis
name Population in millions 2011 Population in millions 2025 (projected) Population percent growth 2011 - 2025 (projected) Major cities Related articles

Quebec City–Windsor Corridor 18.4 21 14.1% Hamilton, Kingston, Kitchener, London, Mississauga, Montreal, Oshawa, Ottawa, Peterborough, Quebec City, Toronto, Trois-Rivières, Vaughan, Windsor Southern Ontario

Calgary– Edmonton
Edmonton
Corridor 2.7 4 48.1% Calgary, Edmonton, Red Deer, St. Albert, Airdrie Calgary
Calgary
Region, Edmonton
Edmonton
Capital Region, Central Alberta

Colombia[edit] The following megaregions in Colombia are expected to have nearly 93% (55 Million people) of its population by 2030, up from the current 72%. There are currently 4 major megaregions in Colombia.

Megalopolis
Megalopolis
name Population in 2015 Population in 2030 (projected) Major cities

Bogota National Capital Metropolis 17,000,000 26,500,000 Bogotá, Soacha, Facatativá, Chía, Tunja, Fusagasugá, Zipaquirá, Madrid, Funza, Cajicá, Ubaté, Sibaté, Guaduas, Villa de Leyva
Villa de Leyva
and Tocancipá

Pacific Belt 9,000,000 14,000,000 Medellín, Cali, Bello, Pereira, Manizales, Armenia, Itagüí, Yumbo, and Palmira

Northeast Atlantic Region 6,000,000 10,500,000 Barranquilla, Cartagena, Santa Marta, Ciénaga, Malambo, Baranoa
Baranoa
and Turbaco

Santander Belt 3,000,000 5,200,000 Bucaramanga, Cúcuta, Ocaña, and Pamplona

Other sources[20] show that another megaregion may be considered:

Megalopolis
Megalopolis
name Population in 2015 Population in 2030 (projected) Major cities

Golden Triangle 29,500,000 41,000,000 Bogotá, Soacha, Medellín, Cali, Bello, Manizales, Armenia

Mexico[edit]

Mexico
Mexico
City
City
megalopolis

Megalopolis
Megalopolis
name Population in millions 2015 Population in millions 2025 (projected) Population percent growth 2000 - 2025 (projected) Major cities Related articles

Bajío 11 ? ?% León, Querétaro, Aguascalientes, Celaya, Irapuato, San Juan del Río, Salamanca Bajío

Mexico
Mexico
City
City
megalopolis 28 ? ?% Mexico
Mexico
City, Puebla, Cuernavaca, Toluca, Pachuca, Tula, Tlaxcala, Cuautla, Tulancingo

Peru[edit]

Megalopolis
Megalopolis
name Population in 2013 Major cities Other cities

Lima- Callao
Callao
Megalopolis 10,523,796 Lima
Lima
and Callao Cono Norte, Cono Sur, and Cono Este

United States[edit] Further information: Megaregions of the United States

Phoenix in the Arizona Sun Corridor

Tampa in Florida

San Bernardino in Southern California

Atlanta, Georgia
Atlanta, Georgia
in Piedmont
Piedmont
Atlantic

Austin in the Texas Triangle

Constituent urban areas of each megalopolis are based on reckoning by a single American organization, the Regional Plan Association
Regional Plan Association
(RPA). The RPA definition of the Great Lakes Megalopolis
Great Lakes Megalopolis
includes some Canadian metropolitan areas with the United States, including some but not all major urban centres in the Windsor-Quebec City
City
Corridor. Note that one city, Houston, is listed in two different Megalopolis
Megalopolis
regions as defined by the RPA, (the Gulf Coast and Texas Triangle).[7][21]

Megalopolis
Megalopolis
name Population in millions 2010 Percent of U.S. Population (2010) Population in millions 2025 (projected) Population percent growth 2010 - 2025 (projected) Major cities

Arizona Sun Corridor[22][23] 5.6 2% 7.8 39.3% Mesa, Phoenix, Tucson, Prescott, Scottsdale

Florida 17.3 6% 21.5 24.3% Fort Lauderdale, Jacksonville, Miami, Orlando, St. Petersburg, Tampa, Sarasota, Fort Myers, Gainesville, Palm Bay, Pensacola

Front Range 5.5 2% 6.9 26% Albuquerque, Cheyenne, Colorado Springs, Denver, Pueblo, Rio Rancho, Santa Fe, Taos

Gulf Coast 13.4 4% 16.3 21.6% Baton Rouge, Corpus Christi, Houston, Mobile, Gulfport, Biloxi, New Orleans, Pensacola

Northeast 52.3 17% 58.4 11.7% Allentown-Bethlehem, Atlantic City, Baltimore, Boston, Harrisburg, Hazleton, Nashua, Newark, New York, Norfolk, Ocean City, Philadelphia, Portland (ME), Pottsville, Providence, Richmond, Scranton/Wilkes-Barre, Knowledge Corridor (Springfield and Hartford), Trenton, Virginia Beach, Washington, Wilmington, Worcester

Northern California 14 5% 16.4 17.1% Fresno, Modesto, Oakland, San Francisco, San Jose, Stockton, Berkeley, Cupertino, Fremont, Reno, Sacramento

Southern California 24.4 8% 29 18.9% Los Angeles, San Diego, Santa Barbara, San Bernardino, Riverside, Bakersfield, Las Vegas, Long Beach, Tijuana

Piedmont
Piedmont
Atlantic 17.6 6% 21.7 23.3% Atlanta, Birmingham, Charlotte, Durham, Chapel Hill, Greensboro, Greenville, Huntsville, Chattanooga, Knoxville, Memphis, Montgomery, Nashville, Raleigh, Winston-Salem

Texas Triangle 19.7 6% 24.8 25.9% Austin, Dallas, Fort Worth, Houston, San Antonio

Great Lakes 59.1 18% 65.7 10% Buffalo, Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, Detroit, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Louisville, Milwaukee, Minneapolis, Montreal, Ottawa, Pittsburgh, St. Louis, Toronto

Venezuela[edit]

Megalopolis
Megalopolis
name Population in 2013 Major cities Other cities

Caracas- Valencia
Valencia
Megalopolis +9,000,000 Caracas, Valencia, and Maracay Cagua, Maiquetía, and Guatire

Asia[edit] East Asia[edit] China[edit] Further information: Metropolitan regions of China

Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
Megalopolis
Megalopolis
(珠江三角洲): (Hong Kong, Shenzhen, Dongguan, Guangzhou, Foshan, Jiangmen, Zhongshan, Zhuhai, Macau, Huizhou) (55,000,000),[24][25] if Shantou/ Quanzhou
Quanzhou
added (Guangdong Megalopolis) 70,000,000. If other areas added, 120,000,000.[26] Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta Megalopolis
Megalopolis
(長江三角洲): (Shanghai, Nanjing, Hangzhou, Ningbo, Suzhou, Jingjiang, Wuxi, Changzhou, Zhenjiang, Yangzhou, Taizhou, Nantong, Huzhou, Jiaxing, Shaoxing, Jiangyin, Haimen, Zhangjiagang, Zhoushan, Ma'anshan) (88,000,000)[26] Bohai Economic Rim
Bohai Economic Rim
(环渤海经济圈): Beijing, Shenyang, Tianjin, Dalian, Anshan, Fushun, Dandong, Sinuiju, Tangshan, Yantai, Jinan, Qinhuangdao, Qingdao, Weihai
Weihai
(66,400,000)[27] South China Coast : Xiamen, Fuzhou, Wenzhou, Shantou, Jieyang, Chaozhou
Chaozhou
(25,000,000) Central Plain (中原): Kaifeng, Xinxiang, Zhengzhou, Luoyang (14,170,000) The central Liaoning
Liaoning
city cluster in China. Within 150 km from its center Shenyang
Shenyang
(7.2 million), it has Fushun
Fushun
(3 million), Anshan City
City
(3.6 million), Benxi
Benxi
(1.5 million), Liaoyang
Liaoyang
(1.8 million), Yingkou
Yingkou
(2.2 million), Panjin
Panjin
(1.2 million), and Tieling
Tieling
(3.4 million), with a total population of 23 million. And it can be further extended to Dalian
Dalian
(6.2 million), Fuxin
Fuxin
(2 million) and Dandong
Dandong
(2.4 million). This area used to be the most industrialized region in China. It declined during 1980s-1990s, but in recent years, it has rapidly revived. Northeastern Cities or the Harbin– Changchun
Changchun
Area (哈尔滨长春地区): Harbin, Qiqihar, Daqing, Changchun, Jilin City, Siping including Rason
Rason
in North Korea
North Korea
and Vladivostok
Vladivostok
in Russia (21,832,000) Sichuan basin
Sichuan basin
(四川盆地) or the Chengyu Megalopolis (成渝都市圈): Chengdu, Chongqing, Zigong, Luzhou
Luzhou
(20,878,000) Greater Wuhan
Wuhan
Megalopolis
Megalopolis
(大武汉都市圈): Wuhan, Huangshi, Xinyang, Jiujiang, Yueyang
Yueyang
(20,000,000) Guanzhong
Guanzhong
(关中): Xi'an, Xianyang, Baoji, Weinan
Weinan
(16,722,000) Chang-Zhu-Tan
Chang-Zhu-Tan
(长株潭) a.k.a. Greater Changsha
Changsha
Metropolitan Region (长株潭城市群): Changsha, Zhuzhou, Xiangtan
Xiangtan
(12,994,400 in 2000)

In July 2012, the Economist Intelligence Unit
Economist Intelligence Unit
brought out a report entitled; Supersized cities: China’s 13 megalopolises, which pinpoints the 13 emerging megalopolises in China, and highlights the demographic and income trends that are shaping their development. Japan[edit]

Taiheiyō Belt
Taiheiyō Belt
– Ibaraki, Saitama, Chiba, Tokyo, Kanagawa, Shizuoka, Aichi, Gifu, Mie, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyōgo, Wakayama, Okayama, Hiroshima, Yamaguchi, Fukuoka, and Ōita in Japan. (81,859,345)[28][29][citation needed]

South Korea[edit]

Seoul National Capital Area
Seoul National Capital Area
- Seoul, Incheon, Suwon, Goyang, Yongin, Seongnam, and the rest of Gyeonggi-do: (25,000,000)[30]

Satellite image of Seoul
Seoul
and greater area

Taiwan[edit]

West Coast of Taiwan - Taipei, New Taipei, Keelung, Taoyuan, Hsinchu, Taichung, Chiayi, Tainan, and Kaohsiung: (18,000,000)

South Asia[edit]

Dhaka, Bangladesh; part of the emerging chain of cities in the Bengal region

Sri Lanka[edit] Western Region Supercity of Colombo (Megapolis) with 3,687 km2 land area and currently over 7 million population comprising several municipal, urban, and town councils politically. This is planned to be spacious and modern megacity with dedicated core zones for financial, trade, industrial, educational, logistic, transport, health, sports, recreational activities and services in par with the international level. Once completed it would be one of the most livable and favored cities in the world. India[edit]

Maharashtra
Maharashtra
- 1. Mumbai
Mumbai
(also includes Thane, Navi Mumbai
Mumbai
(including Panvel), Kalyan-Dombivali, Ulhasnagar, Vasai-Virar, Ambernath
Ambernath
and Badlapur, 2. Pune
Pune
(also includes Pimpri-Chinchwad), Aurangabad, Solapur, Nashik
Nashik
, (also includes Nashik
Nashik
Road) Ahmednagar, Alibag (39,500,000)

Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
- Chennai
Chennai
, Kanchipuram, Thiruvallur, Coimbatore,Tiruppur, Puducherry, Erode, Salem, Tiruchirapalli, Madurai
Madurai
and Hosur

Chennai
Chennai
, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Kochi, Mysuru, Coimbatore, Visakhapatnam, Tiruchirapalli, Madurai
Madurai
and Thiruvananthapuram (38,000,000) (Although widely separated geographically)

A view of the NH 47 Expressway between Coimbatore
Coimbatore
and Salem
Salem
in Tamil Nadu

Chennai
Chennai
International Airport, one of India's major international airports

Delhi
Delhi
National Capital Region and Jaipur
Jaipur
(35,000,000) Kolkata
Kolkata
Belt

The Maidan is the largest urban park in this megalopolis (Kolkata)

- Kolkata
Kolkata
(Also includes the suburban areas of Kolkata
Kolkata
Barrackpore, Dum Dum, Bidhannagar, Naihati, Kanchrapara, Kankinara, kalyani, Rajarhat, Ichapore, Halisahar
Halisahar
and Howrah), Dankuni Gujarat
Gujarat
- Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar, Surat, Vadodara, Rajkot, Anand, Nadiad, Bharuch, Ankleshwar (19,200,000)

Bangladesh[edit]

Dhaka
Dhaka
(Greater Dhaka
Dhaka
Megalopolis
Megalopolis
consists four city Corporations: Dhaka
Dhaka
South, Dhaka
Dhaka
North, Gazipur, and Narayanganj
Narayanganj
and five municipals: Savar Upazila
Savar Upazila
(A class), Dohar Upazila
Dohar Upazila
(A class), Dhamrai Upazila (A class), Tongi
Tongi
( Special
Special
Class), Sonargaon
Sonargaon
(B class) (17,000,000) Chittagong
Chittagong
(4,009,423)

Pakistan[edit] Karachi
Karachi
comprises six district municipal corporations. The total population is 24 million according to the 2011 census. Nepal[edit] Kathmandu
Kathmandu
valley, which consists of 5 municipalities namely Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Kirtipur
Kirtipur
and Madhyapur Thimi, along with the peripheral cities of Banepa, Panauti
Panauti
and Dhulikhel. Southeast Asia[edit]

Rank Megalopolis
Megalopolis
Name Country Population in millions Major cities

1 Java  Indonesia 145[31] Jakarta, Bandung, Surabaya, Yogyakarta, Bekasi, Bogor, Depok, Malang, Semarang, Tasikmalaya, Tangerang, Cirebon

2 Mega Manila  Philippines 40+ Manila, Calamba, Angeles, Baguio, Batangas, Dagupan, Olongapo, Bacoor

3 Central Thailand  Thailand 25+ Bangkok, Ayuthaya, Pattaya

4 Southeast Economic Zone  Vietnam 16+ Đồng Nai, Bình Dương, Ho Chi Minh City, Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Province, Long An, Tiền Giang

Philippines[edit]

Mega Manila

Mega Manila
Mega Manila
is made up of 4 Regions:

Central Luzon
Central Luzon
(11,218,117) Metro Manila
Manila
(12,877,253) Calabarzon
Calabarzon
(14,414,774) Mimaropa
Mimaropa
excluding Palawan (2,113,891)

(Regional Centers) San Fernando-Manila-Calamba-Calapan Total Population of Mega Manila
Mega Manila
as of 2015: (40,624,035)[32] Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, and Vietnam[edit]

Bay of Bangkok
Bangkok
Economic Rim: Bangkok–Ayutthaya–Pattaya (16,000,000) KUL-Bagan Multinational Area: Kuala Lumpur–Selangor (8,000,000) Sijori: Kulai-Johor Bahru–Singapore–Batam–Bintan (9,000,000) Red River Delta in Vietnam
Vietnam
(Hanoi, Hai Phong, Nam Định, & Hải Dương) (10,000,000)[33][34]

Southwest Asia[edit] Iran[edit]

Greater Tehran: A region located in Iranian Tehran and Alborz Province in central Northern Iran with its influence expanding in Qom Province, Qazvin Province
Qazvin Province
and Mazandaran Province, home for at least 15 million people, it is one of the most populous urban areas in the Greater Middle East and the surrounding regions. Tehran was a small village 200 years ago when it was first chosen as the Capital city and it has been growing at a very fast rate.

Turkey[edit] (all figures extrapolated from end of 2014 and end of 2015 figures of,[35] to middle of year 2016)

Greater Istanbul: Includes Istanbul
Istanbul
city proper, with continuous urbanization spilling over to neighboring provinces, as well as nearby dense population and highly industrialized areas. Istanbul, eastern counties of Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
province, entire coast of Izmit
Izmit
bay, and Adapazarı
Adapazarı
add up to 17.5 million population. Other major cities: Ankara
Ankara
(5 million), Izmir
Izmir
(includes satellites Torbalı-Aliağa-Urla- Manisa
Manisa
to add up to 4 million), Adana-Tarsus- Mersin
Mersin
(3 million), Bursa
Bursa
(2.1 million)

Europe[edit]

The Blue Banana

The Golden Banana

The Green Banana

Transnational (Europe)[edit]

Rank Megalopolis
Megalopolis
Name Population in millions Countries & Respective Cities

1 Blue Banana 110–130[36]  United Kingdom: Liverpool, Manchester, Leeds, Sheffield, Birmingham, London  Belgium: Brussels, Antwerp, Ghent, Bruges, Liege  Netherlands: Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht  Luxembourg: Luxembourg  Germany: Rhine-Ruhr, Frankfurt
Frankfurt
am Main, Munich, Stuttgart, Nuremberg  France: Strasbourg, Lille   Switzerland: Zürich, Basel  Italy: Turin, Milan, Genoa

2 Golden Banana 40–45[37]  Italy: Turin, Genoa  France: Lyon, Nice, Toulon, Marseille, Nîmes, Montpellier, Narbonne, Perpignan, Toulouse  Monaco: Monaco  Andorra: Andorra  Spain: Manresa, Girona, Vic, Barcelona, Tarragona, Castellón de la Plana, Sagunt, Valencia, Alicante, Murcia, Cartagena

3 Green Banana 40[citation needed]  Poland: Gdańsk, Warsaw, Kraków, Katowice  Czech Republic: Ostrava, Prague, Olomouc, Brno  Austria: Vienna  Slovakia: Bratislava, Žilina  Hungary: Budapest, Győr  Slovenia: Ljubljana, Koper  Croatia: Zagreb  Italy: Trieste

4 STRING 11.5[38]  Germany: Hamburg  Denmark: Copenhagen  Sweden: Malmö, Gothenburg  Norway: Oslo

5 Gulf of Finland 9[citation needed]  Russia: Gatchina, Saint Petersburg, Vyborg  Finland: Lappeenranta, Kotka, Kouvola, Lahti, Vantaa, Helsinki, Espoo, Hämeenlinna, Tampere, Turku  Estonia: Tallinn

6 Atlantic Axis 4[39][better source needed]  Portugal: Setúbal, Lisbon, Santarém, Leiria, Coimbra, Viseu, Aveiro, Porto, Braga, Viana do Castelo  Spain: Vigo, Ourense, Pontevedra, Santiago de Compostela, A Coruña

Scandinavia[edit]

Rank Megalopolis
Megalopolis
Name Population in millions Major cities

1 Greater Copenhagen 4[40][41] Copenhagen, Malmö, Helsingborg, Lund, and Roskilde

France[edit]

Rank Megalopolis
Megalopolis
Name Population in millions Major cities

1 Paris
Paris
metropolitan area 12.3[42] Paris
Paris
& Île-de-France

2 Lyon
Lyon
economic region 5.5[37] Lyon
Lyon
& Rhône-Alpes
Rhône-Alpes
river area

3 Marseille
Marseille
metropolitan region 1.8[37] Marseille, Aix-en-Provence

4 Toulouse
Toulouse
economic region 1.5[37] Toulouse, Andorra
Andorra
(independent state, not a part of France)

5 Nice
Nice
economic region 1.1[37] Nice, Monaco
Monaco
(independent city-state, not a part of France)

Germany[edit] [37][43]

Rank Megalopolis
Megalopolis
name Population in millions Major cities

1 Rhine-Ruhr 13.5 Cologne, Düsseldorf, Dortmund, Essen

2 Berlin-Brandenburg 5.95 Berlin, Potsdam

3 Frankfurt
Frankfurt
Rhine-Main 5.52 Frankfurt, Wiesbaden, Mainz

4 Stuttgart
Stuttgart
Metropolitan Region 5.29[37] Stuttgart

5 Munich
Munich
Metropolitan Region 5.2[37] Munich

6 Hamburg
Hamburg
Metropolitan Region 5.0 Hamburg

7 Central German Metropolitan Region
Central German Metropolitan Region
(Saxon triangle) 4.36[37] Leipzig, Halle, Dresden

8 Hannover–Braunschweig–Göttingen– Wolfsburg
Wolfsburg
Metropolitan Region 3.91[37] Hanover, Braunschweig, Göttingen, Wolfsburg

9 Nuremberg
Nuremberg
Metropolitan Region 3.5[37] Nuremberg

10 Bremen/ Oldenburg
Oldenburg
Metropolitan Region 2.37[37] Bremen, Oldenburg

Italy[edit] [37][44]

Rank Megalopolis
Megalopolis
name Population in millions Major cities

1 Grande Milano 8.2 Milan

2 Naples
Naples
metropolitan area 4.46 Naples

3 Rome
Rome
metropolitan area 4.3 Rome

4 Turin
Turin
economic region 4.1 Turin
Turin
& Piedmont
Piedmont
centre and south area

5 Padua-Treviso- Venice
Venice
Metropolitan Area 2.6 Venice
Venice
& Padua
Padua
& Treviso
Treviso
central-eastern Veneto
Veneto
region

6 Genoa
Genoa
metropolitan region 1.5 Genoa

7 Conca d'Oro 1.1 Palermo
Palermo
and neighboring cities

Benelux[edit] Netherlands, Belgium
Belgium
& Luxembourg:[37]

Rank Megalopolis
Megalopolis
Name Population in millions Major cities

1 Randstad 7.5 Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht

2 Flemish Diamond 5.5 Brussels, Antwerp, Ghent, Leuven

3 Brabantse Stedenrij 2.0 Eindhoven, Tilburg, Breda, 's-Hertogenbosch, Helmond

Poland
Poland
and Czechia[edit]

Rank Megalopolis
Megalopolis
Name Population in millions Major cities

1 Silesian Metropolis 5.3 Katowice, Ostrava

Spain[edit] [37]

Rank Megalopolis
Megalopolis
Name Population in millions Major cities

1 Madrid
Madrid
region 6.3 Madrid, Alcalá de Henares, Fuenlabrada, Getafe, Alcobendas, Alcorcón, Leganés, Móstoles

2 Barcelona 5 Barcelona, Hospitalet de Llobregat, Badalona, Terrassa, Sabadell, Mataró, Santa Coloma

3 Valencia 3 Valencia, Alicante, Elche, Benidorm, Sagunto, Gandia, Castellón, Vinaròs, Burriana, Alcoy, Dénia

4 Sevilla 1.3 Sevilla, Dos Hermanas, Utrera

5 Bilbao 0.9 Greater Bilbao, Getxo, Portugalete

United Kingdom[edit]

Rank Megalopolis
Megalopolis
Name Population in millions Major cities

1 London
London
commuter belt 14.0[45] London, Medway, Southend-on-Sea, Chelmsford, Basildon, Luton, Reading

2 Northern England 9.4[37][46] Manchester, Leeds, Liverpool, Sheffield, Warrington, Bradford, Birkenhead, Preston, Blackburn, Blackpool

3 English midlands 6.3[37][46] Birmingham, Nottingham, Coventry, Leicester, Wolverhampton, Derby, Stoke-on-Trent

4 Central Belt 3.6[46] Glasgow, Edinburgh

5 South Hampshire-Brighton 2.8[37][46] Southampton, Portsmouth, Brighton, Worthing, Littlehampton, Bournemouth

6 Tyne & Wear Region 2.2[37][46] Newcastle, Sunderland, Middlesbrough

7 Cardiff-Bristol-Swansea 2.2[37][46] Cardiff, Bristol, Swansea, Newport

Oceania[edit] Australia[edit]

Megalopolis
Megalopolis
Name Population in millions Major cities

Sydney
Sydney
Region[citation needed] 5.77[47] Greater Sydney
Sydney
(including Central Coast and Blue Mountains) (4.97 million), Newcastle and Lake Macquarie (501,000), Illawarra
Illawarra
(300,000)

Port Phillip Bay Area[citation needed] 4.98[47] Greater Melbourne
Greater Melbourne
(including Mornington Peninsula
Mornington Peninsula
(4.7 million), Greater Geelong
Greater Geelong
(233,429), Melton, Victoria
Melton, Victoria
(54,455)

South East Queensland 3.45[47] Greater Brisbane
Greater Brisbane
(2.3 million), Gold Coast-Tweed Heads (662,000), Sunshine Coast (341,000), Toowoomba (152,000)

See also[edit]

Arcology Conurbation Ecumenopolis Ekistics Settlement types:

Hamlet Village Town City Metropolis Types of inhabited localities in Russia

Global city Merger (politics) Metroplex Transborder agglomeration Urban area Developed environments:

Exurban Rural Suburban Urban

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Look up megalopolis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

"World Urbanization Prospects: The 2005 revision" (PDF). 

v t e

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Related articles

Global city Megacity Megalopolis Conurbation Suburbs

† Aggregate urban areas are entire continuous built-up areas, grouping together contiguous cities (known as conurbations), whereas urban agglomerations are the built-up areas of

.