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Coordinates: 54°42′23.52″N 167°43′2.23″E / 54.7065333°N 167.7172861°E / 54.7065333; 167.7172861

Map showing position of Commander Islands
Commander Islands
to the east of Kamchatka. The smaller island in the east is Medny and the larger island is Bering Island

Medny Island

Medny Island
Island
(Russian: о́стров Ме́дный), also spelled Mednyy or Mednyi, sometimes called Copper Island
Island
in English, is the smaller (after Bering Island) of the two main islands in the Commander Islands in the North Pacific Ocean, east of Kamchatka, Russia. (The other fifteen are better described as islets and rocks.) These islands belong to the Kamchatka
Kamchatka
Krai of the Russian Federation. The island was uninhabited until the late 19th century, when Aleuts came from Attu Island
Island
in the Aleutian Islands
Aleutian Islands
to Medny Island. The island is 56 km long and between 5 and 7 km wide and its area is 186 km². Its maximum elevation is 640 m and the average annual temperature is +2.8 °C. About 100 meters off the northwestern end of the islands are the Beaver Stones (Бобровые камни in Russian), two islets connected by an isthmus, with a combined length of 1 km.

1966 Soviet postage stamp depicting Medny Island.

Contents

1 History 2 Ecology 3 References 4 External links

History[edit] The island was sighted by on 5 November 1741 by Bering and his crew while returning from the expedition during which he found America from the west, but he did not land on this island.[1] The Russian naval officer and historian Vasily Berch believed that Yemelyan Basov reached this island in 1745, during his second of four expeditions to the Commander Islands
Commander Islands
between 1743 and 1749, and that most of the furs he brought back to Kamchatka
Kamchatka
in 1745 were hunted on this island.[2] Towards the end of the 19th century, the settlement of Preobrazhenskoye was established by Aleuts who moved there from Attu Island. In 1970, all citizens of the island were moved to neighboring Bering Island. Until 2001, the island was occupied as a frontier post. Since then, the island has been completely uninhabited. Scientific studies of the fauna and flora are conducted annually. Ecology[edit] Medny Island
Island
is home to many Steller sea lions. 340 pups were born on the island in 1999, and 153 in 2016.[3] References[edit]

^ Georg Wilhelm Steller’s journal, in Frank A. Golder: Bering’s voyages, Vol. 2. p. 129–133. American Geographical Society. Research series, New York, 1925. ^ Vasiliĭ Nikolayevich Berch: A Chronological History of the Discovery of the Aleutian Islands
Aleutian Islands
or The Exploits of Russian Merchants With a Supplement of Historical Data on the Fur Trade, Materials for the Study of Alaska History, No. 5, The Limestone Press, Kingston, Ontario. ^ Watson, Traci (August 16, 2017). "Cannibal Sea Lion Kills and Eats Pup—Never Before Seen". National Geographic. On Medny Island, for example, only 153 pups were born in 2016, down from 340 births in 1999. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Medny Island.

Medny Island
Island
at Northern Pacific Fund (in Russian)

v t e

Islands in the Bering Sea

Adak Adugak Agattu Aiktak Akun Akutan Amak Amaknak Amatignak Amchitka Amlia Amukta Anangula Ananiuliak Arakamchechen Atka Attu Avatanak Aziak Bering Besboro Bobrof Bogoslof Buldir Carlisle Chagulak Chuginadak Chugul Derbin Egg Gareloi Great Sitkin Hagemeister Hall Hawadax Herbert Igitkin Ilak Kagalaska Kagamil Kanaga Karaginsky Kasatochi Khvostof King Kiska Koniuji Kritskoi Little Sitkin Little Tanaga Medny Nelson Nunivak Oglodak Otter Pancake Rock Poa Rootok Sagchudak Samalga Sanak Sea Lion Rock Sea Otter Rocks Sedanka Seguam Segula Semisopochnoi Shemya Sledge St. Lawrence St. Matthew St. Michael St. Paul Stuart Tagalak Tanaga Tigalda Ugamak Ulak Uliaga Umak Umnak Unalaska Unalga Unimak Walrus Walrus (Pribilof) Wislow Yttygran Yunaska

Island
Island
groups Aleutian Andreanof Baby Commander Delarof Diomede Fox Four Mountains Krenitzin Kudobin Near Pribilof Punuk Rat Sanak Seal Walrus Walrus

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