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The Medici
Medici
villas are a series of rural building complexes in Tuscany which were owned by members of the Medici
Medici
family between the 15th century and the 17th century. The villas served several functions: they were the country palaces of the Medici, scattered over the territory that they ruled, demonstrating their power and wealth. They were also recreational resorts for the leisure and pleasure of their owners; and, more prosaically, they were the centre of agricultural activities on the surrounding estates. In 2013, the Medici
Medici
villas were added to UNESCO's World Heritage list.

Contents

1 History 2 List

2.1 Villas and gardens on the UNESCO
UNESCO
list 2.2 Major villas 2.3 Minor villas

3 Gallery 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

History[edit]

Painting of the Villa
Villa
Medici
Medici
di Poggio a Caiano by Giusto Utens

The first Medici
Medici
villas were the Villa
Villa
del Trebbio and that at Cafaggiolo, both strong fortified houses built in the 14th century in the Mugello region, the original home of the Medici
Medici
family. In the 15th century, Cosimo de' Medici
Medici
built villas designed by Michelozzo
Michelozzo
at Careggi
Careggi
and Fiesole, still quite severe buildings, but with additional recreational spaces: courtyards, balconies, and gardens. Lorenzo de' Medici
Medici
spent long periods at the Villa
Villa
di Careggi. Gradually, Florence became surrounded by a collection of Medici
Medici
villas, with others in more distant parts of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. By the end of the 16th century, there were at least 16 major estates, with at least another 11 of secondary interest (mainly agricultural or owned by the Medici
Medici
family for a short time), together with a constellation of farms and hunting lodges throughout Tuscany. Giusto Utens
Giusto Utens
painted a series of lunettes depicting the main Medici
Medici
villas in the 17th century, which are now held by the Museo di Firenze com'era. The last Medici
Medici
villas were the Villa
Villa
di Montevettolini and the Villa di Artimino, bought in 1595/6 by Ferdinando I while he was expanding the Villa
Villa
di Castello, Villa
Villa
La Petraia and Villa
Villa
dell'Ambrogiana. The later villas are outstanding examples of Renaissance and Baroque architecture, and were often accompanied by gardens. The garden at the Villa
Villa
di Castello, created for Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, was the first in Italy by Niccolò Tribolo, who later designed the Boboli Gardens
Boboli Gardens
for Cosimo's Florentine new residence, the Palazzo Pitti. Each significant member of the Medici
Medici
family owned an estate. The Duke moved from one house to house. When in residence, the villa became a microcosm of the Medici
Medici
court. For hunting, he could visit the Villa del Trebbio, Villa
Villa
di Cafaggiolo
Cafaggiolo
or Villa
Villa
di Pratolino; reside at the Villa
Villa
dell'Ambrogiana in the spring; and move to the Villa
Villa
di Artimino, to while away the summer in its cooler elevated position. After the death of Gian Gastone de' Medici
Medici
in 1738, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Tuscany
and the Medici's assets, including their villas, were acquired by Francis, Duke of Lorraine
Duke of Lorraine
(later Holy Roman Emperor). Today, some of the Medici
Medici
villas are museums; others are occupied by institutions, and a few are owned privately, and often hired privately or used to stage public events. In 2006, the Italian government submitted the Medici
Medici
villas for designation by UNESCO
UNESCO
as a World Heritage Site.[1] At the 37th UNESCO World Heritage Committee
World Heritage Committee
in 2013 at Phnom Penh, " Medici
Medici
Villas and Gardens in Tuscany" was added to the World Heritage list. List[edit] Villas and gardens on the UNESCO
UNESCO
list[edit] Twelve villas and two gardens comprise the UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site:[2]

Boboli Gardens Gardens of Pratolino Palazzo di Seravezza Villa
Villa
di Artimino Villa
Villa
di Cafaggiolo Villa
Villa
di Careggi Villa
Villa
di Castello Villa
Villa
di Cerreto Guidi Villa
Villa
La Magia Villa
Villa
La Petraia Villa
Villa
Medici
Medici
in Fiesole Villa
Villa
di Poggio a Caiano Villa
Villa
del Poggio Imperiale Villa
Villa
del Trebbio

Major villas[edit]

Frontal view of the Villa
Villa
La Petraia

Garden of the Villa
Villa
di Castello

Villa
Villa
del Trebbio (mid-14th century - 1738) Villa
Villa
di Cafaggiolo
Cafaggiolo
(mid-14th century - 1738) Villa
Villa
di Careggi
Careggi
(1417 - 1738) Villa
Villa
Medici
Medici
in Fiesole
Fiesole
(1450–1671) Villa
Villa
di Poggio a Caiano (1470–1738) Villa
Villa
di Castello (1480–1738) Villa
Villa
di Mezzomonte (1480–1482, 1629–1644) Villa
Villa
La Petraia (first half of the 16th century - 1738) Villa
Villa
di Camugliano (c.1530 - 1615)[3] Villa
Villa
di Cerreto Guidi (1555–1738) Villa
Villa
del Poggio Imperiale (1565–1738) Villa
Villa
di Pratolino (1568–1738) Villa
Villa
di Lappeggi (1569–1738) Villa
Villa
dell'Ambrogiana (1574–1738) Villa
Villa
La Magia (1583–1738) Villa
Villa
di Artimino (1596–1738)

Minor villas[edit]

Villa
Villa
di Collesalvetti (1464–1738) Villa
Villa
di Agnano (1486–1498) Villa
Villa
di Arena Metato (c.1563 - 1738) Villa
Villa
di Spedaletto (1486–1492) Villa
Villa
di Stabbia (1548–1738) Villa
Villa
della Topaia (c.1550 - 1738) Villa
Villa
di Seravezza (1560–1738) Villa
Villa
di Marignolle (1560–1621) Villa
Villa
di Lilliano (1584–1738) Villa
Villa
di Coltano (1586–1738) Villa
Villa
di Montevettolini (c.1595 - 1738)

Gallery[edit]

Villa
Villa
di Careggi

Villa
Villa
a Fiesole

Villa
Villa
di Poggio a Caiano

Villa
Villa
di Artimino

L'Appennino, Parco di Pratolino

Palazzo di Seravezza

In addition to their country villas, the Medici
Medici
also occupied the following buildings in Florence:

Palazzo Medici
Medici
Riccardi (1444–1540, then used by less important members of the family until 1659) Palazzo Vecchio
Palazzo Vecchio
(1540 - c.1560) Palazzo Pitti
Palazzo Pitti
(1550–1738) Casino di San Marco

and the Villa
Villa
Medici
Medici
in Rome. References[edit]

^ UNESCO: " Medici
Medici
Villas" ^ Ville e Giardini Medicei ^ "Al Palazzo del Marchese di Camugliano". 

Further reading[edit]

Ballerini, Isabella. (2003). The Medici
Medici
Villas: The Complete Guide. Florence: Giunti. ISBN 978-88-09-02995-8.  Giardini di Toscana, foreword by Mariella Zoppi, Edifir, 2001 Alidori Laura, Le dimore dei Medici
Medici
in Toscana, Edizioni Polistampa Firenze,1995 Mignani, Daniela (1995) [1991]. The Medicean Villas by Giusto Utens (2nd ed.). Florence: Arnaud. ISBN 88-8015-000-6. 

External links[edit] Media related to Medici
Medici
villas at Wikimedia Commons

(in Italian) Gardens and Villas of Tuscany
Tuscany
official website Museums in Florence
Florence
- The Medici
Medici
Villa
Villa
of Poggio A Caiano Museums in Florence
Florence
- The Medici
Medici
Villa
Villa
della Petraia

v t e

Tourism in Florence

Religious sites

Basilicas

Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore S Lorenzo

Medici
Medici
Chapel

S Croce

Baroncelli and Pazzi Chapels

S Maria Novella

Tornabuoni Chapel

SS Annunziata S Marco S Miniato al Monte S Maria del Carmine

Brancacci Chapel

S Trinita

Bartolini Salimbeni Chapel Sassetti Chapel

S Spirito

Churches

Badia Fiorentina Battistero di San Giovanni S Mary of the Angels Certosa Orsanmichele Ognissanti Oratorio dei Vanchetoni Oratory of Gesù Pellegrino Oratory of S Thomas Aquinas San Frediano in Cestello S Gaetano S Giovannino degli Scolopi S Giovannino dei Cavalieri S Jacopo sopr'Arno S Salvatore al Vescovo S Ambrogio S Felicita Santa Maria Maddalena dei Pazzi S Maria Maggiore S Martino del Vescovo Ss Apostoli S Pancrazio S Salvi Ss Simone e Giuda S Stefano al Ponte

Other

Great Synagogue

Museums, galleries and palaces

Bargello Casa Buonarroti Casa Guidi Galleria dell'Accademia

David

Garden of Archimedes Loggia del Bigallo Loggia del Mercato Nuovo Loggia del Pesce Loggia Rucellai Museo dell'Opera del Duomo Museo Galileo Museo Nazionale Alinari della Fotografia Museo Nazionale di San Marco Museo di Storia Naturale di Firenze

La Specola

National Archaeological Museum Orsanmichele Ospedale degli Innocenti Palazzo dell'Arte dei Beccai Palazzo Davanzati Palazzo Gondi Palazzo Medici
Medici
Riccardi

Magi Chapel

Palazzo Pitti

Museo delle Porcellane

Palazzo Vecchio

Studiolo of Francesco I

Palazzo Spini Feroni Stibbert Museum Uffizi

Loggia dei Lanzi Vasari Corridor

Towers (Torri)

degli Amidei degli Alberti dei Della Bella dei Gianfigliazzi dei Mannelli dei Pulci Giotto's Campanile

Library

Biblioteca Riccardiana
Biblioteca Riccardiana
at Palazzo Medici
Medici
Riccardi British Institute of Florence Gabinetto Vieusseux
Gabinetto Vieusseux
(Palazzo Strozzi) Kunsthistorisches Institut Laurentian Library National Central Library

Landmarks

Fountain
Fountain
of Neptune Giotto's Campanile Ponte Vecchio Monument to Dante

Theatres

Teatro Comunale Florence Teatro della Pergola Teatro Verdi

Squares

Squares of Florence Piazza del Duomo Piazza della Repubblica Piazza della Signoria Piazza Santa Croce Piazzale Michelangelo

Streets

Via Cavour Via de' Tornabuoni

Fort

Belvedere Fortezza da Basso

Gardens and parks

Boboli Gardens Giardino Bardini Giardino dell'Iris Giardino delle rose Orto Botanico di Firenze Parco delle Cascine

Villas

Medici
Medici
villas

di Castello La Petraia di Careggi Medicea L'Ambrogiana del Poggio Imperiale

Gamberaia I Tatti Il Gioiello La Pietra Rusciano

Events and traditions

Calcio Fiorentino Maggio Musicale Fiorentino Scoppio del carro

Districts of Florence
Florence
• Trams in Florence

v t e

House of Medici

People

Lords of Florence

Cosimo il Vecchio Piero "The Gouty" Lorenzo il Magnifico Giuliano Piero il Fatuo Giovanni (Leo X) Giuliano Lorenzo II Giulio (Clement VII) Ippolito Alessandro "The Moor"

Dukes of Florence

Alessandro "The Moor" Cosimo I

Grand Dukes of Tuscany

Cosimo I Francesco I Ferdinando I Cosimo II Ferdinando II Cosimo III Gian Gastone

Queens

Caterina Maria

Popes

Leo X Clement VII Leo XI

Cardinals

male line: Giovanni (Leo X) Giulio (Clement VII) Ippolito Alessandro (Leo XI) Giovanni Ferdinando I Carlo Giovan Carlo Leopoldo Francesco Maria Francesco female line: Luigi de' Rossi Giovanni Salviati Innocenzo Cybo Bernardo Salviati Niccolò Ridolfi Lorenzo Strozzi Ferrante Gonzaga Vincenzo II Gonzaga

Bishops and archbishops

Filippo Bernardo Antonio Giuliano Zanobi

Condottieri

Giovanni dalle Bande Nere Don Giovanni Mattias

Genealogy

Genealogical tables of the House of Medici

Festina Lente

Buildings

Villas

Cafaggiolo Trebbio Careggi Fiesole La Quiete Collesalvetti Poggio a Caiano Castello Mezzomonte Agnano Spedaletto La Petraia Camugliano Stabbia La Topaia Cerreto Guidi Marignolle Arena Metato Poggio Imperiale Lapeggi L'Ambrogiana La Màgia Liliano Coltano Montevettolini Artimino Buti Seravezza Madama

Palaces

Casino Mediceo di San Marco Palazzo Medici
Medici
Riccardi Palazzo Madama Palazzo Pitti Villa
Villa
Medici Palazzo Medici
Medici
Tornaquinci Livorno Palazzo delle Vedove Pisa Materdei Palazzo Medici
Medici
di Ottaviano

Fountains and gardens

Medici
Medici
fountain Villa
Villa
di Pratolino

Fortresses

Arezzo Grosseto Piombino Pistoia San Piero a Sieve Siena Volterra

Chapels

Cappelle medicee The Chapel of Medici
Medici
di Gragnano

Patronage

Painters, sculptors and architects

Bartolomeo Ammannati Sandro Botticelli Filippo Brunelleschi Michelangelo Bernardo Buontalenti Leonardo da Vinci Donatello Michelozzo Antonio del Pollaiolo Jacopo della Quercia Giorgio Vasari

Poets and other literary figures

Agnolo Poliziano Niccolò Machiavelli

Humanists and philosophers

Pico della Mirandola Marsilio Ficino

Scientists

Galileo Galilei

Musicians

Emilio de' Cavalieri Jacopo Peri

Heraldry

Medici
Medici
coat of arms Crown of the Grand Duke of Tuscany Order of Saint Stephen

Institutions

Medici
Medici
Bank

Art

Medici
Medici
lions Medici
Medici
porcelain Medici
Medici
Vase Venus de' Medici Arazzeria Medicea

Related

Medici
Medici
giraffe Galilean moons Stories set to music: "opera" Albizzi Pazzi conspiracy Savonarola

v t e

World Heritage Sites in Italy

Northwest

Crespi d'Adda Genoa Mantua
Mantua
and Sabbioneta Monte San Giorgio1 Porto Venere, Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto, Cinque Terre

Corniglia Manarola Monterosso al Mare Riomaggiore Vernazza

Residences of the Royal House of Savoy

Castle of Moncalieri Castle of Racconigi Castle of Rivoli Castello del Valentino Royal Palace of Turin Palazzo Carignano Palazzo Madama, Turin Palace of Venaria Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi Villa
Villa
della Regina

Rhaetian Railway
Rhaetian Railway
in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes1 Rock Drawings in Valcamonica Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe- Roero
Roero
and Monferrato

Northeast

Aquileia The Dolomites Ferrara Modena Cathedral, Torre della Ghirlandina
Torre della Ghirlandina
and Piazza Grande, Modena Orto botanico di Padova Ravenna Venice Verona City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto

Central

Assisi Basilica of Saint Francis of Assisi Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri
Cerveteri
and Tarquinia Florence Hadrian's Villa Medici
Medici
villas Piazza del Duomo, Pisa Pienza Rome2 San Gimignano Siena Urbino Val d'Orcia Villa
Villa
d'Este

South

Alberobello Amalfi Coast Castel del Monte, Apulia Cilento
Cilento
and Vallo di Diano
Vallo di Diano
National Park, Paestum
Paestum
and Velia, Certosa di Padula Herculaneum Oplontis
Oplontis
and Villa
Villa
Poppaea Naples Palace of Caserta, Aqueduct of Vanvitelli
Aqueduct of Vanvitelli
and San Leucio
San Leucio
Complex Pompeii Sassi di Matera

Islands

Aeolian Islands Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and Monreale Archaeological Area of Agrigento Barumini nuraghes Mount Etna Syracuse and Necropolis of Pantalica Val di Noto

Caltagirone Catania Militello in Val di Catania Modica Noto Palazzolo Acreide Ragusa Scicli

Villa
Villa
Romana del Casale

Countrywide

Longobards in Italy, Places of Power (568–774 A.D.)

Brescia Cividale del Friuli Castelseprio Spoleto Temple of Clitumnus
Temple of Clitumnus
located at Campello sul Clitunno Santa Sofia located at Benevento Sanctuary of Monte Sant'Angelo
Sanctuary of Monte Sant'Angelo
located at Monte Sant'Angelo

Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps3 Primeval Beech Forests of Europe4 Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries5

Bergamo Palmanova Peschiera del Garda

1 Shared with Switzerland 2 Shared with the Holy See 3 Shared with Austria, France, Germany, Slovenia, and Switzerland 4 Shared with Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain
Spain
and Ukraine 5 Shared with Croatia
Croatia
and Montenegro

v t e

Medici
Medici
villas and gardens in Tuscany

Agnano L'Ambrogiana Arena Metato Artimino Boboli Gardens Buti Cafaggiolo Camugliano Careggi Castello Cerreto Guidi Collesalvetti Coltano Fiesole Lappeggi Lilliano La Magia Marignolle Mezzomonte Montevettolini La Petraia Poggio a Caiano Poggio Imperiale Pratolino Gardens of Pratolino La Quiete Seravezza Spedaletto Stabbia

.