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There are several different types of media in the United Kingdom: television, radio, newspapers, magazines and websites. The country also has a strong music industry. The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
has a diverse range of providers, the most prominent being the publicly-owned public service broadcaster, the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). The BBC's largest competitors are ITV plc, which operates 13 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network, and 21st Century Fox, which holds a large stake in the satellite broadcaster Sky plc. Regional media is covered by local radio, television and print newspapers. Trinity Mirror
Trinity Mirror
operates 240 local and regional newspapers, as well as national newspapers such as the Daily Mirror and the Sunday Mirror.

Contents

1 Audiences 2 National media centres and organisations

2.1 London 2.2 Greater Manchester 2.3 Other Key centres

3 Print

3.1 Newspapers 3.2 Magazines 3.3 Books

4 Broadcasting

4.1 Radio 4.2 Television

5 Internet 6 See also 7 Notes 8 Further reading 9 External links

Audiences[edit]

Mediacity in Greater Manchester, privately funded and publicly backed by the BBC
BBC
is the largest media-production facility in the United Kingdom.

In 2009 it was estimated that individuals viewed a mean of 3.75 hours of television per day and listened to 2.81 hours of radio. The main BBC
BBC
public service broadcasting channels accounted for and estimated 28.4% of all television viewing; the three main independent channels accounted for 29.5% and the increasingly important other satellite and digital channels for the remaining 42.1%.[1] Sales of newspapers have fallen since the 1970s and in 2009 42% of people reported reading a daily national newspaper.[2] In 2010, 82.5% of the United Kingdom population were Internet users, the highest proportion amongst the 20 countries with the largest total number of users in that year.[3] National media centres and organisations[edit] London[edit] Main article: Media in London London
London
dominates the media sector in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
as national newspapers, television and radio networks are largely based there. Notable centres include Fleet Street
Fleet Street
and BBC
BBC
Broadcasting House. Specialist local paper City A.M.
City A.M.
is a free, business-focused newspaper published in print Monday to Friday. It is typically available from around 6 am at London
London
commuter stations and is handed out at key points in the City, Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
and other central London
London
locations. Greater Manchester[edit] Main article: Media in Manchester Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
is also a significant national media hub. Notable centres include MediaCityUK
MediaCityUK
a 200-acre (80ha) media production facility in Salford and Trafford. The Guardian
The Guardian
national newspaper was founded in Manchester in 1821, and was known as the Manchester Guardian until 1959. In the 1950s, coinciding with the growth in television, the Granada Television franchise was set up by Sidney Bernstein. Consequently, the Granada Studios were the first purpose-built television studios in the United Kingdom. The franchise produced television programmes such as Coronation Street
Coronation Street
and the Up Series. The BBC
BBC
currently has two of its six major business divisions based here BBC
BBC
North Group that comprises a number of important departments including BBC
BBC
Breakfast, BBC Children's, BBC
BBC
Sport, BBC
BBC
Radio 5 and BBC
BBC
North West. The other division is BBC
BBC
Future Media. In addition ITV has two major divisions of its business based here ITV Studios
ITV Studios
responsible for UK and international network production and ITV Granada
ITV Granada
its regional service provider. The University of Salford
University of Salford
also has a media campus and research center based at media city.[4] The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is known for its large music industry, along with its new and upcoming artists. In the UK, media is spread through the forms of TV, newspapers, magazines, websites, and radio. The Daily Mirror
Daily Mirror
was founded in 1903.[5] The Sunday Mirror, the sister paper to the Daily Mirror, was started in 1915.[6] Other Key centres[edit] Edinburgh and Glasgow, and Cardiff, are important centres of newspaper and broadcasting production in Scotland
Scotland
and Wales
Wales
respectively.[7] The BBC, founded in 1922, is the United Kingdom's publicly funded radio, television and Internet broadcasting corporation, and is the oldest and largest broadcaster in the world. It operates numerous television and radio stations in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and abroad and its domestic services are funded by the television licence.[8][9] Other major players in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
media include ITV plc, which operates 11 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network,[10] and News Corporation, which owns a number of national newspapers through News International
News International
such as the tabloid The Sun and "broadsheet" The Times,[11] as well as holding a large stake in satellite broadcaster British Sky Broadcasting.[12] Print[edit] The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
print publishing sector, including books, server, directories and databases, journals, magazines and business media, newspapers and news agencies, has a combined turnover of around £20 billion and employs around 167,000 people. The print media sector is entirely regulating itself and there are no specific statutory rules regulating the print media.[13] Newspapers[edit] Main articles: List of newspapers in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and History of British newspapers Traditionally British newspapers have been divided into "quality", serious-minded newspapers (usually referred to as "broadsheets" because of their large size) and the more populist, "tabloid" varieties. For convenience of reading many traditional broadsheets have switched to a more compact-sized format, traditionally used by tabloids. In 2008 The Sun had the highest circulation of any daily newspaper in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
at 3.1 million, approximately a quarter of the market.[14] Its sister paper, the News of the World, had the highest circulation in the Sunday newspaper market,[14] and traditionally focused on celebrity-led stories until its closure in 2011.[15] The Daily Telegraph, a centre-right broadsheet paper, is the highest-selling of the "quality" newspapers.[14] While The Guardian
The Guardian
is a centre-left "quality" broadsheet and the Financial Times
Financial Times
is the main business newspaper, printed on distinctive salmon-pink broadsheet paper.[16] Trinity Mirror
Trinity Mirror
operates 240 local and regional newspapers in the United Kingdom, as well as national newspapers such as the Daily Mirror
Daily Mirror
and the Sunday Mirror.[17] Scotland
Scotland
has a distinct tradition of newspaper readership (see list of newspapers in Scotland). The tabloid Daily Record has the highest circulation of any daily newspaper, outselling The Scottish Sun
The Scottish Sun
by four to one, while its sister paper the Sunday Mail similarly leads the Sunday newspaper market. The leading "quality" daily newspaper in Scotland
Scotland
is The Herald, though it is the sister paper of The Scotsman, and the Scotland on Sunday
Scotland on Sunday
that leads in the Sunday newspaper market.[18] In November 2014 a new newspaper was launched in Scotland called The National.[19] Magazines[edit] A large range of magazines are sold in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
covering most interests and potential topics. British magazines and journals that have achieved worldwide circulation include The Economist, Nature, and New Scientist, Private Eye, Hello!, The Spectator, the Radio Times, and NME. Books[edit] Main article: Books in the United Kingdom Broadcasting[edit] Radio[edit]

Picture of a Truetone brand radio

Main articles: Radio in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and Digital radio in the United Kingdom Radio in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is dominated by the BBC, which operates radio stations both in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and abroad. The BBC
BBC
World Service radio network is broadcast in 33 languages globally. Domestically the BBC
BBC
also operates ten national networks and over 40 local radio stations including services in Welsh on BBC
BBC
Radio Cymru, Gaelic on BBC
BBC
Radio nan Gàidheal in Scotland
Scotland
and Irish in Northern Ireland.[20] The domestic services of the BBC
BBC
are funded by the television licence.[21] The internationally targeted BBC
BBC
World Service Radio is funded by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, though from 2014 it will be funded by the television licence.[22] The most popular radio station by number of listeners is BBC
BBC
Radio 2, closely followed by BBC
BBC
Radio 4. Advances in digital radio technology have enabled the launch of several new stations by the Corporation.[23] Rather than operating as independent entities, many commercial local radio stations are owned by large radio groups which broadcast a similar format to many areas. The largest operator of radio stations is Global Radio, owner of the major Heart and Galaxy radio brands. It also owns Classic FM and London's most popular commercial radio station, 95.8 CapitalFM. Other owners are UTV Radio, with stations broadcasting in large city areas and Bauer Radio, holding radio in the North of England. There are also regional stations, like Real Radio and the Century Network, broadcasting in some main parts of England, Wales
Wales
and Scotland,[citation needed] and a number of licensed community radio stations[24] which broadcast to local audiences.[citation needed] Television[edit] Main article: Television
Television
in the United Kingdom

The Channel 4
Channel 4
building in London

The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
has no analogue television. A free to air digital service is made up of two chartered public broadcasting companies, the BBC
BBC
and Channel 4
Channel 4
and two franchised commercial television companies, (ITV and Channel 5). In addition to this, the United Kingdom's free-to-air Freeview service runs a large number of Entertainment, Music, Sport and Shopping channels from the likes of CBS, UKTV
UKTV
and British Sky Broadcasting. There are five major nationwide television channels: BBC
BBC
One, BBC
BBC
Two, ITV, Channel 4
Channel 4
and Channel 5—currently transmitted by digital terrestrial, free-to-air signals with the latter three channels funded by commercial advertising. The vast majority of digital cable television services are provided by Virgin Media with satellite television available from Freesat
Freesat
or British Sky Broadcasting and free-to-air digital terrestrial television by Freeview. The entire country switched to digital (from a previously analogue signal) in 2012.[25] The BBC
BBC
operates several television channels in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and abroad. The BBC's international television news service, BBC
BBC
World News, is broadcast throughout the world. The domestic services of the BBC
BBC
are funded by the television licence.[21] The international television broadcast services are operated by BBC
BBC
Worldwide on a commercial subscription basis over cable and satellite services. This commercial arm of the BBC
BBC
also forms half of UKTV
UKTV
along with Virgin Media.[26] Channel 4
Channel 4
is similarly chartered to the BBC, with a remit to provide public service broadcasting and schools programs, however it runs commercial advertisements to provide a revenue stream. It produces a number of digital channels, branded as Channel 4, as well as E4, More 4 and Film4. The commercial operators rely on advertising for their revenue, and are run as commercial ventures, in contrast to the public service operators. The ITV franchise transmits the 3 different networks in different parts of the country. These are known as ITV (in England, Wales, Scottish Borders, Isle of Man and Channel Islands), STV (In Central and Northern Scotland), and UTV in Northern Ireland. Internet[edit] Main article: Internet in the United Kingdom The UK's country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is .uk. The most visited ".uk" website is the British version of Google, followed by Amazon, eBay, BBC
BBC
Online and MailOnline.[27] See also[edit]

Criticism of the BBC List of television stations in the United Kingdom Media in Cardiff

Notes[edit]

^ Ofcom
Ofcom
"Communication Market Report 2010", 19 August 2010, pp. 97, 164 and 191, retrieved 17 June 2011. ^ "Social Trends: Lifestyles and social participation", Office for National Statistics, 16 February 2010, archived from the original on 17 June 2011 . ^ "Top 20 countries with the highest number of Internet users", Internet World Stats, archived from the original on 17 June 2011 . ^ UK Campus, Media City. "Courses and Training". Research Center. University of Salford. Retrieved 25 July 2013.  ^ Daily Mirror ^ Sunday Mirror ^ D. William, UK Cities: A Look at Life and Major Cities in England, Scotland, Wales
Wales
and Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
(Godfrey Mwakikagile, 2010), ISBN 9987-16-021-2, pp. 22, 46, 109 and 145. ^ Newswire7 (13 August 2009), "BBC: World's largest broadcaster & Most trusted media brand", Media Newsline, archived from the original on 17 June 2011 . ^ "TV Licence Fee: facts & figures", BBC
BBC
Press Office, April 2010, archived from the original on 17 June 2011 . ^ "Publications & Policies: The History of ITV", ITV.com, archived from the original on 11 April 2011 . ^ "Publishing", News Corporation, archived from the original on 17 June 2011 . ^ "Direct Broadcast Satellite Television", News Corporation, archived from the original on 17 June 2011 . ^ "Publishing", Department of Culture, Media and Sport, archived from the original on 17 June 2011 . ^ a b c "ABCs: National daily newspaper circulation September 2008". The Guardian. UK. 10 October 2008. Retrieved 17 October 2008.  ^ Phone-hacking probe: 'Thank you & goodbye', says NoW, BBC
BBC
News, 10 July 2011, retrieved 11 July 2011. ^ Lyall, Sarah (24 February 2010). "British Panel Condemns Media Group in Phone Hacking Case". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 December 2010.  ^ " Trinity Mirror
Trinity Mirror
plc: Annual Report and Accounts 2010" (PDF), Trinity Mirror, 2010, archived from the original (PDF) on 24 June 2011 . ^ Tryhorn, Chris (9 May 2008), "Scottish Sun pulls further ahead of Record", guardian.co.uk, archived from the original on 24 June 2011 . ^ Pro-independence daily paper the National to launch in Scotland. The Guardian. Author - Mark Sweney. Published 21 November 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2017. ^ "News and Analysis in your language". BBC. Retrieved 30 December 2010.  ^ a b "TV Licence Fee: facts & figures". BBC
BBC
Press Office. Archived from the original on 7 September 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2010.  ^ " BBC
BBC
Funding Settlements: the details". OFCOMWATCH. October 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2010.  ^ "BBC7 radio launches with comedy", BBC
BBC
News, 16 December 2002, retrieved 10 July 2011. ^ Map of Community radio stations broadcasting in the UK ^ "What is digital switchover". Directgov. December 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2010.  ^ "CHANNELS". BBC
BBC
Worldwide. Retrieved 30 December 2010.  ^ "Top Sites in United Kingdom". Alexa. Retrieved 5 April 2016. 

Further reading[edit]

Euromedia Research Group; Mary Kelly; et al., eds. (2004). "United Kingdom". Media in Europe (3rd ed.). Sage Publications. ISBN 978-0-7619-4132-3. CS1 maint: Explicit use of et al. (link) Harcourt, Alison (2006). European Union Institutions and the Regulation of Media Markets. London, New York City: Manchester University Press. ISBN 0-7190-6644-1. 

External links[edit]

United Kingdom's All Newspapers & Media. United Kingdom's Newspapers and other types of media from the UK. UK media plurality threatened by dominant group of large firms – report. The Guardian. Published 21 October 2015. Retrieved 7 December 2017.

v t e

Media in the United Kingdom

UK national newspapers, magazines, and other periodicals

Newspapers (History)

Berliner

The Guardian The Observer

Broadsheet

Financial Times The Daily Telegraph The Sunday Telegraph The Sunday Times

Compact

i The Times

Middle-market

Daily Express Daily Mail The Mail on Sunday

Tabloid

Daily Mirror Sunday Mirror Morning Star The Sunday People Daily Star Daily Star Sunday The Sun Sunday Sport

Magazines & other periodicals

List of magazines by circulation

Radio in the UK

National stations

BBC

Analogue / digital Radio 1 Radio 2 Radio 3 Radio 4 5 Live Digital only Radio 1Xtra Radio 4 Extra 5 Live Sports Extra 6 Music Asian Network World Service BBC
BBC
National DAB (multiplex)

Independent / commercial

Analogue / digital Absolute Radio Classic FM Heart Kiss Talksport Digital only Absolute 80s Absolute 90s BFBS Radio Capital Xtra Digital One (multiplex) Heart 80s Heart Extra heat The Hits Jazz FM Kerrang! Kiss Fresh Kisstory LBC Magic Planet Rock Premier Christian Radio Radio X RNIB Connect Radio Sound Digital (multiplex) Smooth Extra Talkradio UCB UK Virgin Radio UK

Regional & local stations

BBC

List of BBC
BBC
Local Radio stations List of BBC
BBC
Regional Radio stations

Independent / commercial

List of community radio stations List of local commercial radio stations List of semi-national / regional analogue and digital radio stations

Other stations

List of hospital radio stations Pirate radio Restricted Service Licence (RSL)

List of RSL stations

List of satellite radio stations List of student and schools radio

Other

Broadcasting House FM broadcasting The Studios, MediaCityUK Radio Academy

Radio Academy Awards

Radio Independents Group RAJAR Most listened to programmes

Television
Television
in the UK

Principal channels (List)

BBC

BBC
BBC
One BBC
BBC
Two BBC
BBC
Four BBC
BBC
News BBC
BBC
Parliament CBBC CBeebies

ITV

ITV ITV2 ITV3 ITV4 CITV ITV Encore ITVBe ITV Box Office

Ch 4

Channel 4 E4 Film4 More4 4seven

Ch 5

Channel 5 5Prime 5Spike 5Star 5USA

Sky

Challenge Pick Real Lives Sky One Sky Two Sky Arts Sky Atlantic Sky Cinema Sky Living Sky News Sky Sports Sky Sports
Sky Sports
F1 Sky Sports
Sky Sports
News

UKTV

Alibi Dave Drama Eden Gold Good Food Home Really W Yesterday

Sony Pictures Television

Chart Show TV Chart Show Hits Movies4Men Pop Pop Max Starz TV Sony Channel Sony Movie Channel Scuzz Tiny Pop True Crime True Entertainment True Movies truTV The Vault

Services & platforms

All 4

Film4oD

analogue

analogue terrestrial (defunct)

BBC
BBC
iPlayer

BBC
BBC
Three

BBC
BBC
Store TalkTalk TV
TalkTalk TV
Store BT TV cable digital

digital terrestrial List of channels

Freesat

Freesat+

Freeview high-definition

List of channels

ITV

ITV Hub, STV Player

local television My5 Now TV (Sky plc) Real Digital Restricted Service Licence satellite

List of channels

Sky

Freesat
Freesat
from Sky On Demand Sky+ Sky+
Sky+
HD

Talk Talk
Talk
TV Top Up TV TVPlayer Virgin Media

FilmFlex TiVo V+

YouView Zattoo

Studios

Current

BBC
BBC
Elstree Centre BBC
BBC
Pacific Quay The Bottle Yard Studios Broadcasting House Broadcasting House, Belfast Broadcasting House, Bristol Broadcasting House, Cardiff Elstree Studios (Shenley Road) Gas Street Studios The Leeds Studios The London
London
Studios The Maidstone Studios Mailbox Birmingham MediaCityUK Osterley Television
Television
Centre Roath Lock Television
Television
Centre, London

Defunct

British and Dominions Imperial Studios Fountain Studios Gate Studios Granada Studios MGM-British Studios Pebble Mill Studios Teddington Studios Television
Television
Centre, Newcastle upon Tyne Television
Television
Centre, Southampton Upper Boat Studios

Other

Defunct channels Edinburgh International Television
Television
Festival History

List of years

List of channels Student television Viewing statistics

Most-watched broadcasts

Companies and organisations

Companies

Major companies

Archant Ascential Bauer Radio BBC Bloomsbury Publishing BT Group Channel Four Television
Television
Corporation Daily Mail
Daily Mail
and General Trust Dentsu Aegis Network Economist Group EMI Music Publishing Endemol Shine UK Global Group Guardian Media Group Haymarket Media Group Informa ITN ITV plc Johnston Press Mecom Group News UK Newsquest Northern & Shell Now TV (Sky plc) Pearson plc Press Holdings RELX Group Reuters Sky UK
Sky UK
Limited Sky plc STV Group Syco Talk Talk
Talk
Group Time Inc. UK Trinity Mirror UBM plc Virgin Media Wireless Group

Other resources

Arqiva List of largest UK book publishers

Government & regulatory bodies

Advertising Standards Authority BBC
BBC
Trust British Board of Film Classification British Film Institute Culture, Media, and Sport Select Committee Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Independent Press Standards Organisation Ofcom Press Recognition Panel S4C Authority

Industry & trades bodies

British Academy of Film and Television
Television
Arts British Phonographic Industry Broadcasting, Entertainment, Cinematograph and Theatre Union Clearcast Digital TV Group Digital UK Equity Federation Against Copyright Theft National Union of Journalists The Publishers Association Royal Television
Television
Society United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Independent Broadcasting

Other

BBC
BBC
Academy National Film and Television
Television
School National Science and Media Museum

Regional and student media

Regional media

Media in England

Birmingham London Manchester

Media in Scotland

Aberdeen Dundee Glasgow

Media in Wales

Cardiff

Student media

Student television

Category

Links to related articles

v t e

Media of Europe

Sovereign states

Albania Andorra Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland

Italy Kazakhstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom

States with limited recognition

Abkhazia Artsakh Kosovo Northern Cyprus South Ossetia Transnistria

Dependencies and other entities

Åland Faroe Islands Gibraltar Guernsey Isle of Man Jersey Svalbard

v t e

United Kingdom articles

History

Chronology

Formation Georgian era Victorian era Edwardian era First World War Interwar Second World War UK since 1945 (social history)

By topic

Economic Empire Maritime Military

Geography

Administrative

Countries of the United Kingdom Crown dependencies Overseas territories City status Towns Former colonies

Physical

British Isles

terminology Great Britain

Coastline Geology Lakes and lochs Mountains Rivers Volcanoes

Resources

Energy/Renewable energy

Biodiesel Coal Geothermal Hydraulic frac. Hydroelectricity Marine North Sea oil Solar Wind

Food

Agriculture Fishing

English Scottish

Hunting

Materials

Flora Forestry Mining

Politics

Constitution Courts Elections Foreign relations Human rights Judiciary Law Law enforcement Legislation Monarchy

monarchs

Nationality Parliament

House of Commons House of Lords

Political parties

Government

Cabinet

list

Civil service Departments Prime Minister

list

Military

Royal Navy Army Royal Air Force Weapons of mass destruction

Economy

Banks

Bank of England

Budget Economic geography Manufacturing Pound (currency) Stock Exchanges ( London
London
Exchange) Taxation Telecommunications Tourism Transport British Rail

Society

Affordability of housing Crime Demography Drug policy Education Ethnic groups Health Immigration Innovation Languages Poverty Prostitution Public holidays Social care Social structure

Culture

Art Cinema Cuisine Identity Literature Media Music Religion Sport Symbols Theatre

Countries of the United Kingdom

England

History

social timeline

Geography Politics Law Economy

tourism

Education Health care Culture Religion Symbols

Northern Ireland

History Geography Politics

Assembly Executive First Minister and deputy

Law Economy

tourism

Education Health care Culture Religion Symbols

Scotland

History

timeline

Geography Politics

Parliament Government First Minister

Law Economy

tourism

Education Health care Culture Religion Symbols

Wales

History Geography Welsh Government Politics

Assembly First Minister

Law Economy

tourism

Education Health care Culture Religion Symbols

Outline Index

Book Category Portal

v t e

Economy of the United Kingdom

Companies

Co-operatives Employee-owned companies FTSE 100 Index FTSE 250 Index FTSE Fledgling Index FTSE SmallCap Index Government-owned companies

Currency, governance, regulation

Bank of England

Governor of the Bank of England

Budget Company law Competition and Markets Authority Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Financial Conduct Authority Gilts HM Revenue and Customs HM Treasury

Chancellor of the Exchequer Debt Management Office

Monetary Policy Committee Office for Budget Responsibility Pound sterling

Banknotes Coinage

Taxation UK Statistics Authority UK Trade & Investment

History

Chronological

1659–1849 Navigation Acts Agricultural Revolution Industrial Revolution Financial Revolution Panic of 1796–97 1815–46 Corn Laws New Imperialism
New Imperialism
1830s–1945 Second Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
1860s–1914 1873–79 Long Depression 1926 general strike 1929–39 Great Depression 1948–52 Marshall Plan 1974 Three-Day Week 1979 Winter of Discontent 1986 Big Bang 1992 Black Wednesday Late-2000s recession 2008 bank rescue package 2009 bank rescue package

Recurrent

Economic geography Free trade Gold standard Recessions and recoveries National champions
National champions
policy Economic liberalism Privatisation Nationalisation

Nations, regions, cities

England

Atlantic Gateway Birmingham

Big City Plan

Bristol Cornwall Croydon

Croydon Vision 2020

Devon Expansion plans for Milton Keynes Fishing Leeds List of counties by GVA Liverpool London

East London
London
Tech City London
London
Plan

M4 corridor M11 Corridor Manchester Reading Sheffield Silicon Fen Thames Gateway Tourism Transport

N. Ireland

Belfast Transport

Scotland

Aberdeen Agriculture Edinburgh Industrialisation Fishing Oil and gas Renewable energy Silicon Glen Tourism Transport Whisky

Wales

Cardiff (Cardiff Bay) Swansea Tourism Transport

People and labour

Billionaires Businesspeople Demography Income

Poverty

Labour law

Equal opportunities Minimum wage Working Time Directive

Pensions Trades unions

Trades Union Congress

Unemployment

Sectors

Resource and production

Energy/Renewable energy

Biodiesel Coal Geothermal Fracking Hydroelectricity Marine North Sea oil Solar Wind

Food

Agriculture

Cider Wine Beer

Fishing

English Scottish

Materials

Forestry Mining

Financial services

Baltic Exchange Banking

List of banks List of UK building societies

Canary Wharf The City Royal Albert Dock (future) Euronext.liffe Glasgow International Financial Services District Insurance

Lloyd's of London

LCH London
London
Interbank Offered Rate London
London
Metal Exchange London
London
Platinum and Palladium Market London
London
Stock Exchange

Alternative Investment Market

Other

Education Entertainment & Media

Cinema Gambling Newspapers Radio Television Theatre

Healthcare Legal services Manufacturing

Aerospace Automotive Pharmaceuticals Exports

Property

Architecture Construction Housing Real estate

Science and technology

Internet Telecommunications

Supermarkets Tourism Transport

Aviation Rail

Inter-city High-speed

Trade and business organisations

Business organisations British Bankers' Association British Chambers of Commerce Confederation of British Industry Co-operatives UK EEF Federation of Small Businesses Industry trade groups Institute of Directors UK Payments Administration

Category Commons

v t e

Media of Europe

Sovereign states

Albania Andorra Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland

Italy Kazakhstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom

States with limited recognition

Abkhazia Artsakh Kosovo Northern Cyprus South Ossetia Transnistria

Dependencies and other entities

Åland Faroe Islands Gibraltar Guernsey Isle of Man Jer

.