Mechatronics is a multidisciplinary field of science that includes a
combination of mechanical engineering, electronics, computer
engineering, telecommunications engineering, systems engineering and
control engineering. As technology advances, the subfields of
engineering multiply and adapt. Mechatronics' aim is a design process
that unifies these subfields. Originally, mechatronics just included
the combination of mechanics and electronics, therefore the word is a
combination of mechanics and electronics; however, as technical
systems have become more and more complex the definition has been
broadened to include more technical areas.
The word "mechatronics" originated in Japanese-English and was created
by Tetsuro Mori, an engineer of
Yaskawa Electric Corporation. The word
"mechatronics" was registered as trademark by the company in Japan
with the registration number of "46-32714" in 1971. However, afterward
the company released the right of using the word to public, and the
word "mechatronics" spread to the rest of the world. Nowadays, the
word is translated in each language and the word is considered as an
essential term for industry.
French standard NF E 01-010 gives the following definition:
“approach aiming at the synergistic integration of mechanics,
electronics, control theory, and computer science within product
design and manufacturing, in order to improve and/or optimize its
Many people treat "mechatronics" as a modern buzzword synonymous with
robotics and "electromechanical engineering".
2 Course structure
4 Physical implementations
5 Variant of the field
6 Internet of things
7 See also
10 Further reading
11 External links
Euler diagram from RPI's website describes the fields that make
A mechatronics engineer unites the principles of mechanics,
electronics, and computing to generate a simpler, more economical and
reliable system. The term "mechatronics" was coined by Tetsuro Mori,
the senior engineer of the Japanese company
Yaskawa in 1969. An
industrial robot is a prime example of a mechatronics system; it
includes aspects of electronics, mechanics, and computing to do its
Engineering cybernetics deals with the question of control engineering
of mechatronic systems. It is used to control or regulate such a
system (see control theory). Through collaboration, the mechatronic
modules perform the production goals and inherit flexible and agile
manufacturing properties in the production scheme. Modern production
equipment consists of mechatronic modules that are integrated
according to a control architecture. The most known architectures
involve hierarchy, polyarchy, heterarchy, and hybrid. The methods for
achieving a technical effect are described by control algorithms,
which might or might not utilize formal methods in their design.
Hybrid systems important to mechatronics include production systems,
synergy drives, planetary exploration rovers, automotive subsystems
such as anti-lock braking systems and spin-assist, and everyday
equipment such as autofocus cameras, video, hard disks, and CD
Mechatronics students take courses in various fields:
Mechanical engineering and materials science
Computer engineering (software & hardware engineering)
Automation and robotics
Sensing and control systems
Automotive engineering, automotive equipment in the design of
subsystems such as anti-lock braking systems
Computer-machine controls, such as computer driven machines like CNC
milling machines, CNC waterjets, and CNC plasma cutters
Medical mechatronics, medical imaging systems
Structural dynamic systems
Transportation and vehicular systems
Mechatronics as the new language of the automobile
Computer aided and integrated manufacturing systems
Engineering and manufacturing systems
Microcontrollers / PLCs
Mechanical modeling calls for modeling and simulating physical complex
phenomena in the scope of a multi-scale and multi-physical approach.
This implies to implement and to manage modeling and optimization
methods and tools, which are integrated in a systemic approach. The
specialty is aimed at students in mechanics who want to open their
mind to systems engineering, and able to integrate different physics
or technologies, as well as students in mechatronics who want to
increase their knowledge in optimization and multidisciplinary
simulation techniques. The speciality educates students in robust
and/or optimized conception methods for structures or many
technological systems, and to the main modeling and simulation tools
used in R&D.
Special courses are also proposed for original
applications (multi-materials composites, innovating transducers and
actuators, integrated systems, …) to prepare the students to the
coming breakthrough in the domains covering the materials and the
systems. For some mechatronic systems, the main issue is no longer how
to implement a control system, but how to implement actuators. Within
the mechatronic field, mainly two technologies are used to produce
Variant of the field
An emerging variant of this field is biomechatronics, whose purpose is
to integrate mechanical parts with a human being, usually in the form
of removable gadgets such as an exoskeleton. This is the "real-life"
version of cyberware.
Another variant that we can consider is Motion control for Advanced
Mechatronics, which presently is recognized as a key technology in
mechatronics. The robustness of motion control will be represented as
a function of stiffness and a basis for practical realization. Target
of motion is parameterized by control stiffness which could be
variable according to the task reference. However, the system
robustness of motion always requires very high stiffness in the
Avionics is also considered a variant of mechatronics as it combines
several fields such as electronics and telecom with Aerospace
Internet of things
Internet of things
Internet of things (IoT) is the inter-networking of physical
devices, embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and
network connectivity which enable these objects to collect and
IoT and mechatronics are complementary. Many of the smart components
associated with the Internet of Things will be essentially
mechatronic. The development of the IoT is forcing mechatronics
engineers, designers, practitioners and educators to research the ways
in which mechatronic systems and components are perceived, designed
and manufactured. This allows them to face up to new issues such as
data security, machine ethics and the human-machine interface.
Mechanical engineering technology
^ Mechanical and
Engineering Department. "What is
Mechatronics Engineering?". Prospective Student Information.
University of Waterloo. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
^ Faculty of Mechatronics, Informatics and Interdisciplinary Studies
Mechatronics (Bc., Ing., PhD.)". Retrieved 15 April 2011.
Mechatronics Technology" Archived 2014-05-16 at
the Wayback Machine.. lcti.org
^ Lawrence J. Kamm (1996). Understanding Electro-Mechanical
Engineering: An Introduction to Mechatronics. John Wiley & Sons.
^ ″Motion Control and Advanced Mechatronics″.
^ Bradley, David; Russell, David; Ferguson, Ian (March 2015). "The
Internet of Things-The future or the end of mechatronics".
Bradley, Dawson et al., Mechatronics,
Electronics in products and
processes, Chapman and Hall Verlag, London, 1991.
Karnopp, Dean C., Donald L. Margolis, Ronald C. Rosenberg, System
Dynamics: Modeling and Simulation of Mechatronic Systems, 4th Edition,
Wiley, 2006. ISBN 0-471-70965-4 Bestselling system dynamics book
using bond graph approach.
Cetinkunt, Sabri, Mechatronics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2007
James J. Nutaro (2010). Building software for simulation: theory and
algorithms, with applications in C++. Wiley.
Robert Munnig Schmidt, Georg Schitter, Adrian Rankers and Jan van
Eijk, The Design of High Performance
Mechatronics – 2nd revised
edition. IOS Press, 2014.
Bishop, Robert H., Mechatronics: an introduction. CRC Press, 2006.
De Silva, Clarence W., Mechatronics: an integrated approach. CRC
Onwubolu, Godfrey C., Mechatronics: principles and applications.
Rankers, Adrian M., Machine Dynamics in Mechatronic Systems.
University Twente, 1997
IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics.
Mechatronics Journal – Elsevier
mechatronic applications and realisation List of publications
Institution of Mechanical Engineers - Mechatronics, Informatics and
Control Group (MICG)
NF E 01-010 2008 – AFNOR (French standard NF E 01-010)
XP E 01-013 2009 – AFNOR (French standard NF E 01-013)
Electrical and electronics engineering
List of engineering branches
BNF: cb119850628 (data)