The MEšTROVIć PAVILION (Croatian : Meštrovićev paviljon), also
known as the Home of Croatian Artists and colloquially as džamija,
Croatian for "mosque ", is a cultural venue and the official seat of
the Croatian Association of Artists (HDLU) located on the Square of
the Victims of Fascism (Trg žrtava fašizma) in central
* 1 History
* 1.1 Conception
* 1.2 Original construction and layout
* 2 The
In the early 1930s, the Croatian
Recognizing an opportunity to combine these two needs, Meštrović suggested that instead of a single sculpture, an entire building be erected on the square. After some negotiation, Meštrović’s proposal was accepted and an endowment for the construction of the House of Fine Arts of King Petar the Great Emancipator was established in 1933.
ORIGINAL CONSTRUCTION AND LAYOUT
Aerial view from the south-east
Meštrović designed the preliminary concept for the building in 1933. Architects Ladislav Horvat and Harold Bilinić, who frequently collaborated with Meštrović, drew up detailed plans based on Meštrović’s conceptual design. The resulting building was one of the first round exhibition halls in the region.
The interior was designed to accommodate three categories of art : sculpture, painting, and photography/works on paper. The main entrance of the pavilion opens into a vestibule flanked on either side by staircases. Directly ahead is the central exhibition hall, a cylindrical space designed for exhibiting sculpture. Above the entrance to this space is a relief of King Petar I by Ivan Meštrović. The staircases lead to a circular exhibition hall. A smaller, concentric exhibition hall opens into the cylindrical space and offers views of the gallery below.
The dome of the pavilion, planned by architect Zvonimir Kavurić, is composed of round glass tiles 57 mm (2.24 in) thick and 125 mm (4.92 in) in diameter, set into a concrete shell with a thickness of 57 mm (2.24 in), allowing natural light to fill the exhibition halls.
The Arts Hall opened on December 1, 1938 with A Half Century of Croatian Art, a major retrospective exhibition .
The pavilion functioned as an art gallery for only three years before it was turned into a mosque in 1941, at the beginning of World War II . Architect Zvonimir Požgaj headed the project for adapting the interior of the pavilion to better suit the functions of a mosque, and Stjepan Planić designed the exterior of the mosque. Požgaj significantly altered the interior of the pavilion, introducing a new ceiling of iron and concrete underneath the original ceiling to solve the problem of temperature and acoustics. According to Planić's plans, three minarets measuring 45 m (147.6 ft) in height were placed around the pavilion, but the exterior of the building was not altered.. Planić also added a fountain flanked by benches in front of the building’s main entrance. The interior of the mosque was decorated with stucco patterns based on early Croatian ribbon motifs created by the sculptors Botuhinski, Brill, Ivanković, Jean, Loboda, Lozica, Matijević, Papić, Penić, Perić, Radauš, Štigler, and Turkalj.
The mosque functioned until 1945. In 1949, the minarets were demolished and the interior decor was removed to make way for the new Museum of the Revolution.
THE MUSEUM OF THE REVOLUTION
RESTORATION AND RENOVATION
By the mid-1980s, discussions about the function of the pavilion had
resumed, and in 1988, the curators of the Museum of the Revolution
invited architects Ivan Crnković and Dubravnka Kisić to draw up a
study on the feasibility of restoring the pavilion to its original
form. In May 1990, the Croatian Association of Artists (HDLU), headed
by Ante Rašić, organized the exhibition Dokumenti-Argumenti to
present the history of the building. In 1993, the City Council of
Renovation of the pavilion began in 2001 according to the plans of architect Andrija Mutnjaković. The first phase of construction included the removal of all non-original layers and structures and was completed in 2003. In 2006, parts of the cellar and ground floor were renovated following the plans of architect Branko Silađin.
THE MEšTROVIć PAVILION TODAY
The pavilion presently serves as the official seat of the Croatian Association of Artists (HDLU), a union of professional artists established in 1868. The aims of the association are to support and encourage contemporary visual expression, to improve and protect the freedom of visual expression, and to influence legislation regulating visual arts production and the social rights of artists.
Additionally, HDLU organizes over 40 exhibitions and events annually, held in the pavilion’s three exhibition spaces: the Ring Gallery, the Barrel Gallery, and the Extended Media (PM) Gallery. A fourth exhibition space, Karas Gallery, is located on Praška Street near Ban Jelačić Square .
* ^ Mutnjaković 2011 , pp. 73-74. * ^ Mutnjaković 2011 , p. 74. * ^ Mutnjaković 2011 , p. 78. * ^ A B C Pavičić, Snježana. "Dom Hdlu". hdlu.hr (in Croatian). Croatian Association of Artists. Retrieved 21 January 2017. * ^ Creative Circle. Croatian Association of Artists. 2012. p. 43. * ^ Mutnjaković 2011 , p. 86. * ^ Creative Circle 2012, p. 47. * ^ Mutnjaković 2011 , p. 87. * ^ Mutnjaković 2011 , p. 88. * ^ Mutnjaković 2011 , p. 98. * ^ Mutnjaković 2011 , p. 97. * ^ "Povijest zgrade" (in Croatian). Croatian Association of Artists. Retrieved 11 March 2014. * ^ "About Us". Croatian Association of Artists. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
* Mutnjaković, Andrija (December 2011). "Arts Hall by Ivan
Meštrović: Construction, Destruction, and Renewal".
* Ivančević, Radovan. "Kružna forma u opusu Ivana Meštrovića" (PDF). Život umjetnosti (in Croatian) (43/44): 46–75. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
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