The Info List - Mbabane

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(/ˌʌmbɑːˈbɑːneɪ/;[1] Swazi: ÉMbábáne) is the capital and largest city in Swaziland. With an estimated population of 94,874 (2010), it is located on the Mbabane River and its tributary the Polinjane River in the Mdzimba Mountains. It is located in the Hhohho Region, of which it is also the capital. The average elevation of the city is 1243 meters. It lies on the MR3 road.


1 History 2 Economy 3 Education and culture 4 Geography and climate 5 International relations

5.1 Twin towns – Sister cities

6 References 7 Bibliography 8 External links

History[edit] The town grew after the nation's administrative centre moved from Bremersdorp
(now called Manzini) in 1902. It derives its name from a Chief, Mbabane
Kunene, who lived in the area when British settlers arrived. Economy[edit] Mbabane's closest border crossing to South Africa
South Africa
is Ngwenya-Oshoek, and though Swazi is the primary language, English is widespread. Mbabane, and Swaziland
itself, depend on tourism and sugar exports. It is also a commercial hub for the surrounding region, while tin and iron were mined nearby. The city has two sites for light industries. Education and culture[edit] Mbabane
is the home of the Waterford-Kamhlaba United World College
United World College
of Southern Africa, as well as one of the three campuses of the University of Swaziland. Limkokwing University of Creative Technology is a private international university that lies by the South African- Swaziland
border with several university candidates from Swaziland. Indingilizi Gallery is an art gallery in Mbabane, established in 1982 and showcases a range of Swazi art, including sculptures, paintings, batiks, mohair, ethnic jewellery and pottery.[2] Geography and climate[edit] Mbabane
is located in the district of Hhohho, of which it is also the capital, and lies on the Mbabane River and its tributary the Polinjane River in the Mdimba Mountains. The average elevation of the city is 1243 metres. Neighbourhoods and suburbs include Mbangweni, Sidwashini, Kent Rock, Sandla, Westridge Park, Malunge, New Checkers, Msunduza and Vukutentele. Due to its altitude, Mbabane
features a moderate subtropical highland climate (Cwb). The city has a mild climate and snow is a rare event, which has occurred only three times since 1900[3]. The city averages only four days of frost a year. The average temperature is 11 °C (52 °F) in July and 22 °C (72 °F) in January.[4]

Climate data for Mbabane

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 24.9 (76.8) 24.5 (76.1) 24.1 (75.4) 22.6 (72.7) 21.4 (70.5) 19.3 (66.7) 19.8 (67.6) 21.3 (70.3) 23.2 (73.8) 22.8 (73) 22.5 (72.5) 23.7 (74.7) 22.5 (72.5)

Average low °C (°F) 14.9 (58.8) 14.5 (58.1) 13.4 (56.1) 11.0 (51.8) 7.9 (46.2) 4.7 (40.5) 4.6 (40.3) 6.6 (43.9) 9.5 (49.1) 11.3 (52.3) 12.9 (55.2) 14.2 (57.6) 10.5 (50.9)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 253.2 (9.969) 224.6 (8.843) 151.6 (5.969) 87.9 (3.461) 33.8 (1.331) 19.4 (0.764) 20.1 (0.791) 35.1 (1.382) 69.4 (2.732) 141.9 (5.587) 197.8 (7.787) 206.9 (8.146) 1,441.7 (56.76)

Average rainy days 16.9 14.3 13.8 9.8 5.1 2.8 3.1 6.5 9.2 14.9 17.0 16.5 129.9

Source: World Meteorological Organization[5]

View of Mbabane

Portable market hut in Mbabane, 1979

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Swaziland Twin towns – Sister cities[edit] Mbabane
is twinned with:

Fort Worth, Texas, USA[6] Taipei, Taiwan[7] Mersing, Malaysia Melilla, Spain Haifa, Israel Maputo, Mozambique[8]


^ "Mbabane". Merriam-Webster
Dictionary.  ^ "Indingilizi Gallery". Swaziplace.com. Archived from the original on 7 July 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2012.  ^ "Mbabane". The Kingdom of Swaziland: A Royal Experience. Swaziland Tourist Board. Retrieved 7 March 2018.  ^ The Cambridge Factfinder; 4th ed. ^ "World Weather Information Service – Mbabane". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 21 December 2015.  ^ "Mbabane". Sister Cities International. Retrieved 11 April 2014.  ^ " Taipei
- International Sister Cities". Taipei
City Council. Archived from the original on 2012-11-02. Retrieved 2013-08-23.  ^ "Maputo". Tourism in Swaziland. Retrieved 2015-03-17. 


Paul Tiyambe Zeleza; Dickson Eyoh, eds. (2003). "Mbabane, Swaziland". Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century African History. Routledge. ISBN 0415234794. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Mbabane
at Wikimedia Commons

v t e

Capitals of Africa

Dependent territories and states with limited recognition are in italics

Abuja, Nigeria Accra, Ghana Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Algiers, Algeria Antananarivo, Madagascar Asmara, Eritrea Bamako, Mali Bangui, Central African Republic Banjul, Gambia Bissau, Guinea-Bissau Brazzaville, Rep. of the Congo Bujumbura, Burundi Cairo, Egypt Conakry, Guinea Dakar, Senegal Djibouti, Djibouti Dodoma, Tanzania El Aaiún(claimed)/Tifariti(factual), Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic1 Freetown, Sierra Leone Funchal, Madeira4 Gaborone, Botswana Harare, Zimbabwe Hargeisa, Somaliland1 Jamestown, St Helena, Ascension & Tristan da Cunha2 Juba, South Sudan Kampala, Uganda Khartoum, Sudan Kigali, Rwanda Kinshasa, D.R. Congo Libreville, Gabon Lilongwe, Malawi Lomé, Togo Luanda, Angola Lusaka, Zambia Malabo, Equatorial Guinea Mamoudzou, Mayotte3 Maputo, Mozambique Maseru, Lesotho

(executive)   Lobamba
(legislative), Swaziland

Mogadishu, Somalia Monrovia, Liberia Moroni, Comoros Nairobi, Kenya N'Djamena, Chad Niamey, Niger Nouakchott, Mauritania Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso Port Louis, Mauritius Porto-Novo, Benin Praia, Cape Verde

(executive)   Cape Town
Cape Town
(legislative)   Bloemfontein
(judicial), South Africa

Rabat, Morocco Saint-Denis, Réunion3 Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
and Las Palmas, Canary Islands5 São Tomé, São Tomé
São Tomé
and Príncipe Tripoli, Libya Tunis, Tunisia Victoria, Seychelles Windhoek, Namibia

(political)   Abidjan
(economic), Ivory Coast

Yaoundé, Cameroon

1 An unrecognised or partially-recognised nation 2 British Overseas Territory 3 Overseas region
Overseas region
of France 4 Autonomous region of Portugal 5 Autonomous community of Spain

Coordinates: 26°19′S 31°08′E / 26.317°S 31.133°E / -26.317; 31.133

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 158301