Mbabane (/ˌʌmbɑːˈbɑːneɪ/; Swazi: ÉMbábáne) is the
capital and largest city in Swaziland. With an estimated population of
94,874 (2010), it is located on the
Mbabane River and its tributary
Polinjane River in the Mdzimba Mountains. It is located in the
Hhohho Region, of which it is also the capital. The average elevation
of the city is 1243 meters. It lies on the MR3 road.
3 Education and culture
4 Geography and climate
5 International relations
5.1 Twin towns – Sister cities
8 External links
The town grew after the nation's administrative centre moved from
Bremersdorp (now called Manzini) in 1902. It derives its name from a
Mbabane Kunene, who lived in the area when British settlers
Mbabane's closest border crossing to
South Africa is Ngwenya-Oshoek,
and though Swazi is the primary language, English is widespread.
Swaziland itself, depend on tourism and sugar exports. It
is also a commercial hub for the surrounding region, while tin and
iron were mined nearby. The city has two sites for light industries.
Education and culture
Mbabane is the home of the Waterford-Kamhlaba
United World College
United World College of
Southern Africa, as well as one of the three campuses of the
University of Swaziland. Limkokwing University of Creative Technology
is a private international university that lies by the South
Swaziland border with several university candidates from
Indingilizi Gallery is an art gallery in Mbabane,
established in 1982 and showcases a range of Swazi art, including
sculptures, paintings, batiks, mohair, ethnic jewellery and
Geography and climate
Mbabane is located in the district of Hhohho, of which it is also the
capital, and lies on the
Mbabane River and its tributary the Polinjane
River in the
Mdimba Mountains. The average elevation of the city is
1243 metres. Neighbourhoods and suburbs include Mbangweni, Sidwashini,
Kent Rock, Sandla, Westridge Park, Malunge, New Checkers, Msunduza and
Due to its altitude,
Mbabane features a moderate subtropical highland
climate (Cwb). The city has a mild climate and snow is a rare event,
which has occurred only three times since 1900. The city averages
only four days of frost a year. The average temperature is 11 °C
(52 °F) in July and 22 °C (72 °F) in January.
Climate data for Mbabane
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average rainfall mm (inches)
Average rainy days
Source: World Meteorological Organization
View of Mbabane
Portable market hut in Mbabane, 1979
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Swaziland
Twin towns – Sister cities
Mbabane is twinned with:
Fort Worth, Texas, USA
^ "Indingilizi Gallery". Swaziplace.com. Archived from the original on
7 July 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2012.
^ "Mbabane". The Kingdom of Swaziland: A Royal Experience. Swaziland
Tourist Board. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
^ The Cambridge Factfinder; 4th ed.
^ "World Weather Information Service – Mbabane". World
Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
^ "Mbabane". Sister Cities International. Retrieved 11 April
Taipei - International Sister Cities".
Taipei City Council.
Archived from the original on 2012-11-02. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
^ "Maputo". Tourism in Swaziland. Retrieved 2015-03-17.
Paul Tiyambe Zeleza; Dickson Eyoh, eds. (2003). "Mbabane, Swaziland".
Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century African History. Routledge.
Media related to
Mbabane at Wikimedia Commons
Capitals of Africa
Dependent territories and states with limited recognition are in
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Bangui, Central African Republic
Brazzaville, Rep. of the Congo
El Aaiún(claimed)/Tifariti(factual), Sahrawi Arab Democratic
Freetown, Sierra Leone
Jamestown, St Helena, Ascension & Tristan da Cunha2
Juba, South Sudan
Kinshasa, D.R. Congo
Malabo, Equatorial Guinea
Lobamba (legislative), Swaziland
Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Port Louis, Mauritius
Praia, Cape Verde
Cape Town (legislative)
Bloemfontein (judicial), South Africa
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Las Palmas, Canary Islands5
São Tomé and Príncipe
Abidjan (economic), Ivory Coast
1 An unrecognised or partially-recognised nation
2 British Overseas Territory
Overseas region of France
4 Autonomous region of Portugal
5 Autonomous community of Spain
Coordinates: 26°19′S 31°08′E / 26.317°S 31.133°E /