HOME
The Info List - Max Von Gallwitz


--- Advertisement ---



Max Karl Wilhelm von Gallwitz (2 May 1852 – 18 April 1937) was a German general from Breslau (Wrocław), Silesia, who served with distinction during World War I
World War I
on both the Eastern and Western Fronts.[1][2] Biography[edit] Gallwitz grew up in a Catholic family in Breslau. In 1891, he married Friedrike (*1871). They had a daughter and son Werner, who became a Lieutenant general in the Second World War. Later, he began the First World War as a corps commander (Guards Reserve Corps) on the Western Front, but was almost immediately transferred east to join the Eighth Army
Army
under Hindenburg.[1] In 1915 he took command of Armee-Gruppe Gallwitz[3] (later redesignated Twelfth Army) and participated in the Galicia offensive alongside Mackensen, who commanded the Eleventh Army.[4] Towards the end of 1915, he succeeded Mackensen as commander of the Eleventh Army, as the latter campaigned against Serbia. In 1916, Gallwitz moved back to the Western Front and defended against the British attack in the Battle of the Somme. He took over command of 2nd Army
Army
and of Heeresgruppe Gallwitz - Somme[5] controlling 1st and 2nd Armies. From 1916–18 he commanded the Fifth Army
Army
in the west, most notably engaging the Americans during the Battle of Saint-Mihiel. Following his retirement from the army, Gallwitz served as a deputy in the Reichstag (1920–24) for the German National People's Party.[4] Awards and decorations[edit]

Pour le Mérite
Pour le Mérite
(24 July 1915), Oak Leaves added on 28 September 1915 Grand Cross of the Order of the Red Eagle Order of the Black Eagle
Order of the Black Eagle
(23 December 1917)

References[edit]

Notes

^ a b Duffy, Michael (2009-08-22), Who's Who - Max von Gallwitz, firstworldwar.com  ^ Duffy, Michael (2009-08-22), Primary Documents - Max von Gallwitz
Max von Gallwitz
on the Battle of St Mihiel, 12 September 1918, firstworldwar.com  ^ Armee-Gruppe or Army
Army
Group in the sense of a group within an Army and under its command, generally formed as a temporary measure for a specific task. ^ a b Rickard, J. (2007-10-03), Max von Gallwitz, German General, 1852-1937  ^ Heeresgruppe or Army
Army
Group in the sense of a number of armies under a single commander.

Bibliography (biography)

Jung, Jakob (1995). Max von Gallwitz
Max von Gallwitz
(1852-1937) (in German). Biblio. p. 292. ISBN 978-3-7648-2435-8. 

Military offices

Preceded by New Formation Commander, Guards Reserve Corps 2 August 1914 – 9 February 1915 Succeeded by Upgraded to Armee-Gruppe Gallwitz

Preceded by Upgraded from Guards Reserve Corps Commander, Armee-Gruppe Gallwitz 9 February – 7 August, 1915 Succeeded by Upgraded to 12th Army

Preceded by Upgraded from Armee-Gruppe Gallwitz Commander, 12th Army 7 August – 22 September, 1915 Succeeded by General
General
der Infanterie Max von Fabeck

Preceded by Generalfeldmarschall
Generalfeldmarschall
August von Mackensen Commander, 11th Army 23 September 1915 – 16 April 1916 Succeeded by General
General
der Infanterie Arnold von Winckler

Preceded by General
General
der Infanterie Fritz von Below Commander, 2nd Army 19 July – 17 December, 1916 Succeeded by General
General
der Kavallerie Georg von der Marwitz

Preceded by General
General
der Infanterie Ewald von Lochow Commander, 5th Army 17 December 1916 – 27 September 1918 Succeeded by General
General
der Kavallerie Georg von der Marwitz

Preceded by New creation Commander, Army
Army
Group Gallwitz 1 February – 11 November, 1918 Succeeded by Dissolved

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 74659760 LCCN: n98013277 ISNI: 0000 0001 0988 4314 GND: 119286327

This biographical article related to the German Army
Army
is a stub. You can help by expandi

.