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Maurice Goldhaber
Maurice Goldhaber
(April 18, 1911 – May 11, 2011)[1] was an Austrian-born American physicist, who in 1957 (with Lee Grodzins
Lee Grodzins
and Andrew Sunyar) established that neutrinos have negative helicity.

Contents

1 Early Life and Childhood 2 Education 3 Career 4 Death 5 Legacy 6 References 7 External links

Early Life and Childhood[edit] He was born on April 18, 1911 in Lemberg, Austria
Austria
now called Lviv, Ukraine. Education[edit] After beginning his physics studies at the University of Berlin, he earned his doctorate at Cambridge University
Cambridge University
in 1936, belonging to Magdalene College. Career[edit] In 1934, working at the Cavendish Laboratory
Cavendish Laboratory
in Cambridge, England
Cambridge, England
he and James Chadwick, through what they called the nuclear photo-electric effect, established that the neutron has a great enough mass over the proton to decay. He moved to the University of Illinois
University of Illinois
in 1938. In the 1940s with his wife Gertrude Scharff-Goldhaber
Gertrude Scharff-Goldhaber
he established that beta particles are identical to electrons. He joined Brookhaven National Laboratory
Brookhaven National Laboratory
in 1950. With Edward Teller he proposed that the so-called "giant-dipole nuclear resonance" was due to the neutrons in a nucleus vibrating as a group against the protons as a group (Goldhaber-Teller model). He made a well-known bet with Hartland Snyder in about 1955 that anti-protons could not exist; when he lost the bet, he speculated that the reason anti-matter does not appear to be abundant in the universe is that before the Big Bang, a single particle, the "universon" existed that then decayed into "cosmon" and "anti-cosmon," and that the cosmon subsequently decayed to produce the known cosmos. In the 1950s also he speculated that all fermions[2] such as electrons, protons and neutrons are "doubled," that is that each is associated with a similar heavier particle. He also speculated that in what became known as the Goldhaber-Christie model, the so-called strange particles were composites of just 3 basic particles. He was Director of Brookhaven National Laboratory
Brookhaven National Laboratory
from 1961 to 1973. Among his many other awards, he won the National Medal of Science
National Medal of Science
in 1983,[3] the Wolf Prize in 1991, the J. Robert Oppenheimer
J. Robert Oppenheimer
Memorial Prize in 1982 (shared with Robert Marshak),[4] and the Fermi Award in 1998. Maurice Goldhaber's brother Gerson Goldhaber
Gerson Goldhaber
was a professor of physics at the University of California Berkeley; his son Alfred Scharff Goldhaber is a professor of physics at SUNY Stony Brook; his grandson (son of Alfred) David Goldhaber-Gordon is a professor of physics at Stanford. Death[edit] Goldhaber died May 11, 2011 at his home in East Setauket, New York
East Setauket, New York
at 100. Legacy[edit] In 2001, Brookhaven National Laboratory
Brookhaven National Laboratory
created the Gertrude and Maurice Goldhaber
Maurice Goldhaber
Distinguished Fellowships in his honor. These prestigious Fellowships are awarded to early-career scientists with exceptional talent and credentials who have a strong desire for independent research at the frontiers of their fields.[5] References[edit]

G. Feinberg, A.W. Sunyar, J. Weneser, A Festschrift for Maurice Goldhaber, New York Academy of Sciences (1993), ISBN 0-89766-086-2

^ Kenneth Chang (2011-05-17). "Maurice Goldhaber, Atomic Physicist, Is Dead at 100". New York Times. Retrieved 2011-05-18. Dr. Goldhaber was director of the Brookhaven lab from 1961 to 1973, overseeing experiments there that led to three Nobel Prizes. His most famous contribution to science’s basic understanding of how the universe works involved the ghostly, perplexing subatomic particles known as neutrinos.  ^ Goldhaber, Maurice (2002), "A closer look at the elementary fermions.", Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (published Jan 8, 2002), 99 (1), pp. 33–6, arXiv:hep-ph/0201208 , Bibcode:2002PNAS...99...33G, doi:10.1073/pnas.221582298, PMC 117509 , PMID 11773637  ^ Maurice Goldhaber
Maurice Goldhaber
at the President's National Medal of Science ^ "Oppenheimer Prize awarded to Goldhaber and Marshak". Physics Today. American Institute of Physics: 89. September 1982. Bibcode:1982PhT....35i..89.. doi:10.1063/1.2915276. Retrieved 1 March 2015.  ^ Goldhaber Distinguished Fellowships

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Maurice Goldhaber

In Memoriam: Maurice Goldhaber BNL celebrates Goldhaber's 90th year Description of Goldhaber's spinning neutrino experiment Biography of Maurice Goldhaber
Maurice Goldhaber
at Fermi Award website Oral History interview transcript with Maurice Goldhaber
Maurice Goldhaber
10 January 1967, American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library and Archives

v t e

Laureates of the Wolf Prize in Physics

1970s

Chien-Shiung Wu
Chien-Shiung Wu
(1978) George Uhlenbeck / Giuseppe Occhialini
Giuseppe Occhialini
(1979)

1980s

Michael Fisher / Leo Kadanoff
Leo Kadanoff
/ Kenneth G. Wilson (1980) Freeman Dyson
Freeman Dyson
/ Gerardus 't Hooft / Victor Weisskopf (1981) Leon M. Lederman
Leon M. Lederman
/ Martin Lewis Perl (1982) Erwin Hahn / Peter Hirsch / Theodore Maiman
Theodore Maiman
(1983–84) Conyers Herring / Philippe Nozières (1984–85) Mitchell Feigenbaum
Mitchell Feigenbaum
/ Albert J. Libchaber (1986) Herbert Friedman / Bruno Rossi
Bruno Rossi
/ Riccardo Giacconi
Riccardo Giacconi
(1987) Roger Penrose
Roger Penrose
/ Stephen Hawking
Stephen Hawking
(1988)

1990s

Pierre-Gilles de Gennes / David J. Thouless
David J. Thouless
(1990) Maurice Goldhaber
Maurice Goldhaber
/ Valentine Telegdi (1991) Joseph H. Taylor Jr. (1992) Benoît Mandelbrot (1993) Vitaly Ginzburg
Vitaly Ginzburg
/ Yoichiro Nambu
Yoichiro Nambu
(1994–95) John Wheeler (1996–97) Yakir Aharonov
Yakir Aharonov
/ Michael Berry (1998) Dan Shechtman
Dan Shechtman
(1999)

2000s

Raymond Davis Jr.
Raymond Davis Jr.
/ Masatoshi Koshiba
Masatoshi Koshiba
(2000) Bertrand Halperin
Bertrand Halperin
/ Anthony Leggett (2002–03) Robert Brout
Robert Brout
/ François Englert
François Englert
/ Peter Higgs
Peter Higgs
(2004) Daniel Kleppner (2005) Albert Fert
Albert Fert
/ Peter Grünberg
Peter Grünberg
(2006–07)

2010s

John F. Clauser / Alain Aspect
Alain Aspect
/ Anton Zeilinger
Anton Zeilinger
(2010) Maximilian Haider / Harald Rose
Harald Rose
/ Knut Urban (2011) Jacob Bekenstein
Jacob Bekenstein
(2012) Peter Zoller
Peter Zoller
/ Juan Ignacio Cirac (2013) James D. Bjorken / Robert P. Kirshner (2015) Yoseph Imry
Yoseph Imry
(2016) Michel Mayor
Michel Mayor
/ Didier Queloz
Didier Queloz
(2017) Charles H. Bennett / Gilles Brassard (2018)

Agriculture Arts Chemistry Mathematics Medicine Physics

v t e

Presidents of the American Physical Society

1899–1925

Henry Augustus Rowland
Henry Augustus Rowland
(1899) Albert A. Michelson
Albert A. Michelson
(1901) Arthur Gordon Webster
Arthur Gordon Webster
(1903) Carl Barus
Carl Barus
(1905) Edward Leamington Nichols
Edward Leamington Nichols
(1907) Henry Crew
Henry Crew
(1909) William Francis Magie
William Francis Magie
(1911) Benjamin Osgood Peirce
Benjamin Osgood Peirce
(1913) Ernest Merritt
Ernest Merritt
(1914) Robert Andrews Millikan
Robert Andrews Millikan
(1916) Henry Andrews Bumstead (1918) Joseph Sweetman Ames
Joseph Sweetman Ames
(1919) Theodore Lyman (1921) Thomas Corwin Mendenhall
Thomas Corwin Mendenhall
(1923) Dayton Miller
Dayton Miller
(1925)

1926–1950

Karl Taylor Compton (1927) Henry Gale (1929) William Francis Gray Swann (1931) Paul D. Foote (1933) Arthur Compton
Arthur Compton
(1934) Robert W. Wood
Robert W. Wood
(1935) Floyd K. Richtmyer (1936) Harrison M. Randall (1937) Lyman James Briggs
Lyman James Briggs
(1938) John Torrence Tate, Sr. (1939) John Zeleny (1940) George Braxton Pegram (1941) G. Stewart (1941) Percy Williams Bridgman
Percy Williams Bridgman
(1942) Albert Hull
Albert Hull
(1943) Arthur Jeffrey Dempster
Arthur Jeffrey Dempster
(1944) Harvey Fletcher
Harvey Fletcher
(1945) Edward Condon
Edward Condon
(1946) Lee Alvin DuBridge
Lee Alvin DuBridge
(1947) J. Robert Oppenheimer
J. Robert Oppenheimer
(1948) Francis Wheeler Loomis (1949) Isidor Isaac Rabi
Isidor Isaac Rabi
(1950)

1951–1975

Charles Christian Lauritsen (1951) John Hasbrouck Van Vleck
John Hasbrouck Van Vleck
(1952) Enrico Fermi
Enrico Fermi
(1953) H. Bethe (1954) Raymond Thayer Birge (1955) E. Wigner (1956) Henry DeWolf Smyth
Henry DeWolf Smyth
(1957) Jesse Beams
Jesse Beams
(1958) George Eugene Uhlenbeck
George Eugene Uhlenbeck
(1959) Victor Frederick Weisskopf
Victor Frederick Weisskopf
(1960) Frederick Seitz
Frederick Seitz
(1961) William V. Houston
William V. Houston
(1962) John Harry Williams (1963) Robert Bacher
Robert Bacher
(1964) Felix Bloch
Felix Bloch
(1965) John Archibald Wheeler
John Archibald Wheeler
(1966) Charles H. Townes
Charles H. Townes
(1967) John Bardeen
John Bardeen
(1968) Luis Walter Alvarez
Luis Walter Alvarez
(1969) Edward Mills Purcell
Edward Mills Purcell
(1970) Robert Serber
Robert Serber
(1971) Philip M. Morse (1972) Joseph Edward Mayer (1973) Wolfgang K. H. Panofsky (1974) Chien-Shiung Wu
Chien-Shiung Wu
(1975)

1976–2000

William A. Fowler (1976) George Pake (1977) Norman Foster Ramsey, Jr.
Norman Foster Ramsey, Jr.
(1978) Lewis M. Branscomb
Lewis M. Branscomb
(1979) Herman Feshbach (1980) Arthur Leonard Schawlow (1981) Maurice Goldhaber
Maurice Goldhaber
(1982) Robert Marshak (1983) Mildred Dresselhaus
Mildred Dresselhaus
(1984) Robert R. Wilson
Robert R. Wilson
(1985) Sidney Drell (1986) Val Logsdon Fitch
Val Logsdon Fitch
(1987) James A. Krumhansl (1989) Eugen Merzbacher (1990) Nicolaas Bloembergen
Nicolaas Bloembergen
(1991) Ernest M. Henley (1992) Donald N. Langenberg (1993) Burton Richter
Burton Richter
(1994) C. Kumar Patel (1995) J.R. Schrieffer (1996) D. Allan Bromley
D. Allan Bromley
(1997) Andrew Sessler
Andrew Sessler
(1998) Jerome I. Friedman
Jerome I. Friedman
(1999) James S. Langer (2000)

2001–future

George Trilling (2001) William Brinkman (2002) Myriam Sarachik (2003) Helen Quinn
Helen Quinn
(2004) Marvin Cohen (2005) John Hopfield (2006) Leo Kadanoff
Leo Kadanoff
(2007) Arthur Bienenstock (2008) Cherry A. Murray
Cherry A. Murray
(2009) Curtis Callan
Curtis Callan
(2010) Barry Barish
Barry Barish
(2011) Robert L. Byer
Robert L. Byer
(2012) Michael Turner (2013) Malcolm R. Beasley (2014) Sam Aronson (2015) Homer Neal (2016) Laura Greene (2017) Roger Falcone (2018) David Gross
David Gross
(2019) Philip H. Bucksbaum
Philip H. Bucksbaum
(2020)

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 80866577 LCCN: n80099101 GND: 136539

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