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MAURICE DUVERGER (5 June 1917 – 16 December 2014) was a French jurist , sociologist and politician. He was born in Angoulême
Angoulême
, Charente .

Starting his career as a jurist at the University of Bordeaux , Duverger became more and more involved in political science and in 1948 founded one of the first faculties for political science in Bordeaux, France . An emeritus professor of the Sorbonne and member of the FNSP , he has published many books and articles in newspapers, such as Corriere della Sera
Corriere della Sera
, la Repubblica , El País
El País
, and especially Le Monde .

Duverger has studied the evolution of political systems and the institutions that operate in diverse countries, showing a preference for empirical methods of investigation rather than philosophical reasoning.

He devised a theory which became known as Duverger\'s law , which identifies a correlation between a first-past-the-post election system and the formation of a two-party system . While analysing the political system of France, he coined the term semi-presidential system .

From 1989 until 1994 he was a member of the Group of the Party of European Socialists in the European Parliament.

In 1981 he was elected a member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts . He died at the age of 97 on 16 December 2014.

CONTENTS

* 1 Career

* 1.1 Political parties

* 2 Duverger\'s Law * 3 Works * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links

CAREER

A member of Doriot\'s fascist Parti Populaire Français from age 20, Maurice Duverger completed his studies in from the Bordeaux
Bordeaux
Department of Law in 1942, before lecturing in law at Poitiers
Poitiers
in 1942, and Bordeaux
Bordeaux
in 1943 (where he would, in 1948, found the Institut d\'Études Politiques as its first director). He also taught at Vichy France 's Institut d'Études Corporatives et Sociales.

In his first publication, "The Constitutions of France" (1944), he explained that the French constitution of 1940 created a "de facto government". However, towards the end of the war, Duverger grew close to the Resistance, and in Libération analyzed the legitimacy of the new government of France and devoted himself to social-scientific theory.

After the War, he t