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The Info List - Maurice Chevalier

Maurice Auguste Chevalier (September 12, 1888 – January 1, 1972) was a French actor, cabaret singer and entertainer. He is perhaps best known for his signature songs, including "Valentine", "Louise", "Mimi", and "Thank Heaven for Little Girls" and for his films, including The Love Parade, The Big Pond
The Big Pond
and Love Me Tonight. His trademark attire was a boater hat, which he always wore on stage with a tuxedo. Chevalier was born in Paris. He made his name as a star of musical comedy, appearing in public as a singer and dancer at an early age before working in menial jobs as a teenager. In 1909, he became the partner of the biggest female star in France at the time, Fréhel. Although their relationship was brief, she secured him his first major engagement, as a mimic and a singer in l'Alcazar in Marseille, for which he received critical acclaim by French theatre critics. In 1917, he discovered jazz and ragtime and went to London, where he found new success at the Palace Theatre. After this, he toured the United States, where he met the American composers George Gershwin
George Gershwin
and Irving Berlin
Irving Berlin
and brought the operetta Dédé to Broadway in 1922. He developed an interest in acting and had success in Dédé. When talkies arrived, he went to Hollywood
Hollywood
in 1928, where he played his first American role in Innocents of Paris. In 1930, he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor
Academy Award for Best Actor
for his roles in The Love Parade
The Love Parade
(1929) and The Big Pond
The Big Pond
(1930), which secured his first big American hit, "Livin' in the Sunlight, Lovin' in the Moonlight". In 1957, he appeared in Love in the Afternoon, which was his first Hollywood
Hollywood
film in more than 20 years. In 1958, he starred with Leslie Caron and Louis Jourdan
Louis Jourdan
in Gigi. In the early 1960s, he made eight films, including Can-Can in 1960 and Fanny the following year. In 1970, he made his final contribution to the film industry where he sang the title song of the Disney film The Aristocats. He died in Paris, on January 1, 1972, aged 83.

Contents

1 Early life 2 World War I 3 Paris
Paris
and Hollywood 4 World War II 5 After World War II 6 Final years 7 Famous songs 8 Selected filmography 9 See also 10 References

10.1 Bibliography

11 External links

Early life[edit] Chevalier was born in Paris. His father was a French house painter. His mother, Joséphine van den Bosch, was French of Belgian descent.[1] He worked a number of jobs: a carpenter's apprentice, electrician, printer, and even as a doll painter. He started in show business in 1901. He was singing, unpaid, at a café when a member of the theatre saw him and suggested he try for a local musical. He got the part. Chevalier made a name as a mimic and a singer. His act in l'Alcazar in Marseille
Marseille
was so successful, he made a triumphant rearrival in Paris. In 1909, he became the partner of the biggest female star in France, Fréhel. However, due to her alcoholism and drug addiction, their liaison ended in 1911. Chevalier then started a relationship with 36-year-old Mistinguett
Mistinguett
at the Folies Bergère, where he was her 23-year-old dance partner; they eventually played out a public romance. World War I[edit] When World War I
World War I
broke out, Chevalier was in the middle of his national service, already in the front line, where he was wounded by shrapnel in the back in the first weeks of combat and was taken as a prisoner of war in Germany
Germany
for two years. In 1916, he was released through the secret intervention of Mistinguett's admirer, King Alfonso XIII of Spain, the only king of a neutral country who was related to both the British and German royal families. In 1917, Chevalier became a star in le Casino de Paris
Paris
and played before British soldiers and Americans. He discovered jazz and ragtime and started thinking about touring the United States. In the prison camp, he had studied English and had an advantage over other French artists. He went to London, where he found new success at the Palace Theatre, even though he still sang in French. Paris
Paris
and Hollywood[edit]

Chevalier in 1920

After the war, Chevalier went back to Paris
Paris
and created several songs still known today, such as "Valentine" (1924). He played in a few pictures, including Chaplin's A Woman of Paris
Paris
(a rare drama for Chaplin, in which his character of The Tramp
The Tramp
does not appear) and made a huge impression in the operetta Dédé. He met the American composers George Gershwin
George Gershwin
and Irving Berlin
Irving Berlin
and brought Dédé to Broadway in 1922. The same year he met Yvonne Vallée, a young dancer, who became his wife in 1927. When Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
was on honeymoon in Paris
Paris
in 1920, he offered him star billing with his new wife Mary Pickford, but Chevalier doubted his own talent for silent movies (his previous ones had largely failed).[2] When sound arrived, he made his Hollywood
Hollywood
debut in 1928. He signed a contract with Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
and played his first American role in Innocents of Paris. In 1930, he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor
Academy Award for Best Actor
for his roles in The Love Parade (1929) and The Big Pond
The Big Pond
(1930). The Big Pond
The Big Pond
gave Chevalier his first big American hit songs: "Livin' in the Sunlight, Lovin' in the Moonlight" with words and music by Al Lewis and Al Sherman, plus "A New Kind of Love" (or "The Nightingales").[3] He collaborated with film director Ernst Lubitsch. He appeared in Paramount's all-star revue film Paramount on Parade
Paramount on Parade
(1930). While Chevalier was under contract with Paramount, his name was so recognized that his passport was featured in the Marx Brothers
Marx Brothers
film Monkey Business (1931). In this sequence, each brother uses Chevalier's passport, and tries to sneak off the ocean liner where they were stowaways by claiming to be the singer—with unique renditions of "You Brought a New Kind of Love to Me" with its line "If the nightingales could sing like you". In 1931, Chevalier starred in a musical called The Smiling Lieutenant
The Smiling Lieutenant
with Claudette Colbert
Claudette Colbert
and Miriam Hopkins. Despite the disdain audiences held for musicals in 1931,[4] it proved a successful film.[5] In 1932, he starred with Jeanette MacDonald
Jeanette MacDonald
in Paramount's film musical, One Hour With You
One Hour With You
which became a success and one of the films instrumental in making musicals popular again. Due to its popularity, Paramount starred Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
in another musical called Love Me Tonight (also 1932), and again co-starring Jeanette MacDonald. It is about a tailor who falls in love with a princess when he goes to a castle to collect a debt and is mistaken for a baron. Featuring songs by Richard Rodgers
Richard Rodgers
and Lorenz Hart, it was directed by Rouben Mamoulian, who, with the help of the songwriters, was able to put into the score his ideas of the integrated musical (a musical which blends songs and dialogue so the songs advance the plot). It is considered one of the greatest film musicals of all time.[4]

In The Merry Widow (1934)

In 1934, he starred in the first sound film of the Franz Lehár operetta The Merry Widow, one of his best-known films. In 1935, he signed with MGM
MGM
and returned to France later that year. Even when he was the highest-paid star in Hollywood, Chevalier had a reputation as a penny-pincher. When filming at Paramount, he balked at parking his car in the Paramount lot at ten cents a day. After bargaining, he managed to get five cents per day. Another story is told of Chevalier (a smoker) having a conversation with someone who offered him a cigarette. He took it, said "Thank you", put it in his pocket, and continued with the conversation. But in Hollywood
Hollywood
he seemed to be a divided character. When not playing around with young chorus-girls, he actually felt quite lonely, and sought the company of Adolphe Menjou
Adolphe Menjou
and Charles Boyer, also French, but both much better educated than Chevalier. Boyer in particular introduced him to art galleries and good literature, and Chevalier would try to copy him as the man of taste. But at other times, he would 'revert to type' as the bitter and impoverished street-kid he basically was. When performing in English, he always put on a heavy French accent, although his normal spoken English was quite fluent and sounded more American. In 1937, Chevalier married the dancer Nita Raya. He had several successes, such as his revue Paris
Paris
en Joie in the Casino de Paris. A year later, he performed in Amours de Paris. His songs remained big hits, such as Prosper (1935), Ma Pomme (1936) and Ça fait d'excellents français (1939). In 1957, Chevalier was awarded The George Eastman Award, given by George Eastman House
George Eastman House
for distinguished contribution to the art of film. Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(as well as French actor Charles Boyer, nicknamed "The French Lover") is also depicted in a Tex Avery cartoon. World War II[edit] During World War II, Chevalier kept performing on the stage in France. In 1941, he appeared in a successful revue in the Casino de Paris, Bonjour Paris, which was Nazi
Nazi
propaganda, reassuring the public that nothing had basically changed under the occupation. Songs like "Ça sent si bon la France" and "La Chanson du maçon" became hits. The Nazis knew that he was harbouring a Jewish family in the South of France, and put pressure on him to perform in Berlin and sing for the collaborating radio station Radio Paris. He refused, but did perform for prisoners of war in Germany
Germany
at the same camp where he had been held captive in World War I, and succeeded in getting ten French soldiers freed in exchange.[6] In 1942 Chevalier was named on a list of French collaborators with Germany
Germany
to be killed during the war, or tried after it.[7] That year he returned to La Bocca, near Cannes, but returned to the capital city in September. In 1944 when Allied forces freed France, Chevalier was accused of collaboration. The August 28, 1944 issue of the Stars and Stripes, the daily newspaper of U.S. Armed Forces in the European Theater of Operations, reported (in error) that "Maurice Chevalier Slain By Maquis, Patriots Say". Even though he was acquitted by a French convened court, the English-speaking press remained hostile and he was refused a visa for several years.[8] After World War II[edit]

Drinks after golf in 1948 in Montreal

Desi Arnaz, Richard Keith, and Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
in "Lucy Goes To Mexico", an episode of The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour
The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour
(1958)

Chevalier in 1959.

In his own country, however, he was still popular. In 1946, he split from Nita Ray and started writing his memoirs, which took many years to complete.

Playing golf (in plaid) in 1948 in Montreal

He started to paint and collect and acted in Le silence est d'or (Man About Town) (1946) by René Clair. He still toured throughout the United States
United States
and other parts of the world and returned to France in 1948. In 1944, he had already participated in a Communist
Communist
demonstration in Paris. He was therefore even less popular in the U.S. during the McCarthyism
McCarthyism
period; in 1951, he was refused re-entry into the U.S. because he had signed the Stockholm
Stockholm
Appeal. In 1949, he performed in Stockholm
Stockholm
in a Communist
Communist
benefit against nuclear arms. Also in 1949, Chevalier was the subject of the first official roast at the New York Friars' Club, although celebrities had been informally "roasted" at banquets since 1910.[9] In 1952, he bought a large property in Marnes-la-Coquette, near Paris, and named it "La Louque",[10] as a homage to his mother's nickname. He started a relationship in 1952 with Janie Michels, a young divorcee with three children. In 1954, after the McCarthy era abated Chevalier was welcomed back in the United States. His first full American tour was in 1955, with Vic Schoen
Vic Schoen
as arranger and musical director. The Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
film Love in the Afternoon (1957) with Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
and Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
was his first Hollywood
Hollywood
film in more than 20 years.[11] Chevalier appeared in the movie musical Gigi (1958) with Leslie Caron and Hermione Gingold, with whom he shared the song "I Remember It Well", and several Walt Disney
Walt Disney
films. The success of Gigi prompted Hollywood
Hollywood
to give him an Academy Honorary Award that year for achievements in entertainment. In 1957, he appeared as himself in an episode of The Jack Benny Program
The Jack Benny Program
titled "Jack In Paris". He also appeared as himself in the 1958 Lucy Goes to Mexico television episode of The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour. Final years[edit]

Maurice Chevalier, 1968

In the early 1960s, he toured the United States
United States
and between 1960 and 1963 made eight films, including Can-Can (1960) with Frank Sinatra. In 1961, he starred in the drama Fanny with Leslie Caron
Leslie Caron
and Charles Boyer, an updated version of Marcel Pagnol's "Marseilles Trilogy." In 1962, he filmed Panic Button (not released until 1964), playing opposite blonde bombshell/sex symbol, Jayne Mansfield. In 1965, at 77, he made another world tour. In 1967 he toured in Latin America, again, the US, Europe and Canada. The following year, on October 1, 1968, he announced his farewell tour. Historical newsreel footage of Chevalier appeared in the Marcel Ophüls documentary The Sorrow and the Pity. In a wartime short film near the end of the film's second part, he explained his disappearance during World War II
World War II
(see the "World War II" section in this entry), as rumors of his death lingered at that time, and emphatically denied any collaboration with the Nazis. His theme song, "Sweepin' the Clouds Away," from the film Paramount on Parade
Paramount on Parade
(1930), was one of its theme songs and was played in the end credits of the film's second part. In 1970, several years after his retirement, songwriters Richard M. and Robert B. Sherman got him to sing the title song of the Disney film The Aristocats, which ended up being his final contribution to the film industry. He died in Paris
Paris
of kidney failure, on New Year's Day 1972, aged 83, and was interred in the cemetery of Marnes-la-Coquette
Marnes-la-Coquette
in Hauts-de-Seine, outside Paris, France.[12] Chevalier was a member of the Grand Order of Water Rats
Grand Order of Water Rats
and has a star on the Hollywood
Hollywood
Walk of Fame at 1651 Vine Street. Famous songs[edit]

"Madelon de la Victoire" (1918) "Dans la vie faut pas s'en faire" (1921) "Valentine" (1924) "Louise" (1929) "My Ideal" (1930) "(Up On Top Of A Rainbow) Sweepin' The Clouds Away" (1930) "You Brought a New Kind of Love to Me" (1930) "Living In the Sunlight, Loving In the Moonlight" (1930) "Isn't it Romantic" (1932) "Mimi" (1932) "Prosper (Yop La Boum)" (1935) "Quand un Vicomte" (1935) "Ma Pomme" (1936) "Le Chapeau de Zozo" (1936) "Mimile (un gars du Ménilmontant)" (1936) "Ça Fait d' Excellents Français" (1939) " Paris
Paris
sera toujours Paris" (1939) "Ça sent si bon la France" (1941) "La Chanson du Maçon" (1941) "Notre Espoir" (1941) "Thank Heaven For Little Girls" (1957) "I Remember It Well" (1957) "Enjoy It!" (1967) "The Aristocats" (1970)

Selected filmography[edit]

Innocents of Paris
Paris
(1929) The Love Parade
The Love Parade
(1929) Paramount on Parade
Paramount on Parade
(1930) The Big Pond
The Big Pond
(1930) Playboy of Paris
Paris
(1930) The Little Cafe (1931) The Smiling Lieutenant
The Smiling Lieutenant
(1931) One Hour with You
One Hour with You
(1932) Love Me Tonight
Love Me Tonight
(1932) A Bedtime Story (1933) The Way to Love (1933) The Merry Widow (1934) Folies Bergère
Folies Bergère
de Paris
Paris
(1935) With a Smile (1936) The Beloved Vagabond (1936) The Man of the Hour
The Man of the Hour
(1937) Break the News (1938) Man About Town (1939) Personal Column (1939) A Royal Affair (1950) Just Me (1950) Hit Parade (1953) 100 Years of Love
100 Years of Love
(1954) My Seven Little Sins
My Seven Little Sins
(1954) Love in the Afternoon (1957) Gigi (1958) Count Your Blessings (1959) Can-Can (1960) Black Tights (1961) Pepe (1962) Fanny (1961) Jessica (1962) In Search of the Castaways (1962) A New Kind of Love
A New Kind of Love
(1963) Panic Button (1964) I'd Rather Be Rich
I'd Rather Be Rich
(1964) Monkeys, Go Home!
Monkeys, Go Home!
(1967)

See also[edit]

Biography portal

List of actors with Academy Award nominations

References[edit]

^ "Artiste".  ^ The Romantic Life of Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1937), William Boyer, Chapter 9. ^ Sherman, Robert B.
Sherman, Robert B.
(1998). Walt's Time: from before to beyond. Santa Clarita: Camphor Tree Publishers.  ^ a b History of Musical Film 1930s: Part I "Hip, Hooray and Ballyhoo" by John Kenrick ^ Pace, Eric (July 31, 1996). "Claudette Colbert, Unflappable Heroine of Screwball Comedies, is Dead at 92". The New York Times.  ^ With Love, the Autobiography of Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(Cassell, 1960), Chapter 22. ^ deRochemont, Richard (24 August 1942). "The French Underground". LIFE.  ^ "Maurice Chevalier" Music and the Holocaust, accessed July 30, 2013. http://holocaustmusic.ort.org/resistance-and-exile/french-resistance/maurice-chevalier/ ^ "The History of the Friar's Club," Friar's Club website, accessed online June 18, 2011. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 25, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-09.  ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps.  ^ Introduction by Robert Osborne, Turner Classic Movies, 11 August 2009 ^ Times, Special
Special
To the New York (February 14, 1972). "Maurice Chevalier Dead; Singer and Actor Was 83" – via NYTimes.com. 

Bibliography[edit]

Chevalier, Maurice (1949). The Man in the Straw Hat, My Story. New York: Crowell.  Maurice Chevalier: Up On Top Of A Rainbow'. David Bret, Robson Books 1992. Authorised by René and Lucette Chevalier

* Chevalier, Maurice; Eileen and Robert Pollock (1960). With Love. Boston: Little, Brown. 

Chevalier, Maurice (1970). Schoffie met wit haar. Utrecht/Antwerpen: A.W. Bruna & Zoon. ISBN 90-229-7116-3.  Chevalier, Maurice (1970). I Remember It Well. New York: Macmillan.  Gene Ringgold and DeWitt Bodeen (1973). Chevalier. The Films and Career of Maurice Chevalier. Secaucus, New Jersey: The Citadel Press. ISBN 0-8065-0354-8. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Maurice Chevalier.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Maurice Chevalier

Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
on IMDb Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
at the TCM Movie Database Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Photographs of Maurice Chevalier Maurice Chevalier's famous song "Valentine"

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Maurice Chevalier

Songs

"Valentine" "Louise" "You Brought a New Kind of Love to Me" "Livin' in the Sunlight, Lovin' in the Moonlight" "Isn't It Romantic?" "Mimi" "Thank Heaven for Little Girls"

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Academy Honorary Award

1928–1950

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1928) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1932) Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
(1934) D. W. Griffith
D. W. Griffith
(1935) The March of Time
The March of Time
/ W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
/ W. Howard Greene / Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
Film Library / Mack Sennett
Mack Sennett
(1937) J. Arthur Ball / Walt Disney
Walt Disney
/ Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
and Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
/ Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills, Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst / Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey / Harry Warner
Harry Warner
(1938) Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
/ Judy Garland
Judy Garland
/ William Cameron Menzies / Motion Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad Nagel)/ Technicolor Company (1939) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Nathan Levinson (1940) Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company / Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
and his associates / Rey Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
/ Noël Coward
Noël Coward
/ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(1942) George Pal
George Pal
(1943) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Margaret O'Brien
Margaret O'Brien
(1944) Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound Department / Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner (1945) Harold Russell
Harold Russell
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ Ernst Lubitsch
Ernst Lubitsch
/ Claude Jarman Jr. (1946) James Baskett
James Baskett
/ Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, and George Kirke Spoor
George Kirke Spoor
/ Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947) Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
/ Sid Grauman
Sid Grauman
/ Adolph Zukor
Adolph Zukor
(1948) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
/ Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
/ Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
/ The Bicycle Thief (1949) Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
/ George Murphy
George Murphy
/ The Walls of Malapaga (1950)

1951–1975

Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
/ Rashomon
Rashomon
(1951) Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
/ Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Harold Lloyd
Harold Lloyd
/ George Mitchell / Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
(1952) 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953) Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
/ Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley
Jon Whiteley
/ Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954) Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955) Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
(1956) Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
/ Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1958) Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
/ Lee de Forest
Lee de Forest
(1959) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
/ Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
/ Hayley Mills
Hayley Mills
(1960) William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler / Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1961) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1964) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1965) Yakima Canutt
Yakima Canutt
/ Y. Frank Freeman
Y. Frank Freeman
(1966) Arthur Freed (1967) John Chambers / Onna White (1968) Cary Grant
Cary Grant
(1969) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
/ Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1970) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1971) Charles S. Boren / Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(1972) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
/ Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
(1973) Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
/ Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir
(1974) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
(1975)

1976–2000

Margaret Booth (1977) Walter Lantz
Walter Lantz
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ King Vidor
King Vidor
/ Museum of Modern Art Department of Film (1978) Hal Elias / Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
(1982) Hal Roach
Hal Roach
(1983) James Stewart
James Stewart
/ National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts
(1984) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
/ Alex North (1985) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1986) Eastman Kodak
Kodak
Company / National Film Board of Canada
National Film Board of Canada
(1988) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1989) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
/ Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
(1990) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1991) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1992) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1993) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1994) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
/ Chuck Jones
Chuck Jones
(1995) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1996) Stanley Donen
Stanley Donen
(1997) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1998) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1999) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
/ Ernest Lehman (2000)

2001–present

Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
/ Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2001) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(2002) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(2003) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(2004) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2005) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2006) Robert F. Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Roger Corman
Roger Corman
/ Gordon Willis
Gordon Willis
(2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
/ Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(2010) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
/ Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker
D. A. Pennebaker
/ Hal Needham
Hal Needham
/ George Stevens Jr.
George Stevens Jr.
(2012) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
/ Steve Martin
Steve Martin
/ Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
/ Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
/ Maureen O'Hara
Maureen O'Hara
(2014) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
/ Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(2015) Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
/ Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland
Donald Sutherland
/ Agnès Varda (2017)

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Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Award

Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1952) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1953) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1954) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
(1955) Jack L. Warner
Jack L. Warner
(1956) Mervyn LeRoy
Mervyn LeRoy
(1957) Buddy Adler (1958) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1959) Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
(1960) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1961) Judy Garland
Judy Garland
(1962) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1963) Joseph E. Levine
Joseph E. Levine
(1964) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1965) John Wayne
John Wayne
(1966) Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
(1967) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1968) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1969) Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
(1970) Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1971) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1972) Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
(1973) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1974) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1975) Walter Mirisch (1977) Red Skelton
Red Skelton
(1978) Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
(1981) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1982) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1983) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1984) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1985) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1986) Anthony Quinn
Anthony Quinn
(1987) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1988) Doris Day
Doris Day
(1989) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1990) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1991) Robert Mitchum
Robert Mitchum
(1992) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1993) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1994) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1995) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1996) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1997) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1998) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1999) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2000) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2001) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2002) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(2003) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2004) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(2005) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2006) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2007) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2009) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2010) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2011) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2012) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(2013) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2014) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2015) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2016) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2017) Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
(2018)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 7359217 LCCN: n81053595 ISNI: 0000 0001 0866 4133 GND: 118675761 SELIBR: 182812 SUDOC: 066896886 BNF: cb12762520c (data) BIBSYS: 90240334 MusicBrainz: e0371cd0-a5f8-420e-be17-bd980adc7393 Léonore: 19800035/1137/30240 BNE: XX1108571 RKD: 258041 SN