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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Maubeuge
Maubeuge
(historical Dutch: Mabuse or Dutch: Malbode) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. It is situated on both banks of the Sambre
Sambre
(here canalized), 36 km (22 mi) east of Valenciennes
Valenciennes
and about 9 km (5.6 mi) from the Belgian border.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Heraldry

2 Economy 3 Tour de France 4 Personalities 5 See also 6 Sources 7 Footnotes 8 External links

History[edit] Maubeuge
Maubeuge
(ancient Malbodium, from Latin, derived from the Old Frankish name Malboden, meaning "assizes of Boden") owes its origin to Maubeuge Abbey, a double monastery, for men and women, founded in the 7th century by Saint Aldego, the relics of whom are preserved in the church. It subsequently belonged to the territory of Hainaut. It was burnt by Louis XI of France, by Francis I of France, and by Henry II of France, and was finally assigned to France
France
by the Treaty of Nijmegen. It was fortified by Vauban
Vauban
by the command of Louis XIV of France, who under Turenne first saw military service there. Besieged in 1793 by Prince Josias of Coburg, it was relieved by the victory of Wattignies, which is commemorated by a monument in the town. It was unsuccessfully besieged in 1814, but was compelled to capitulate, after a vigorous resistance, in the Hundred Days. As a fortress, Maubeuge
Maubeuge
has an old enceinte of bastion trace which serves as the center of an important entrenched camp of 18 miles perimeter. The fortress was constructed after the War of 1870 but has since been modernized and augmented. The forts were besieged in World War I
World War I
by the German Empire. Maubeuge suffered heavily in World War II: 90% of the town centre was destroyed by bombardments in May 1940. Fighting again occurred in early September 1944, in and around the outskirts of Maubeuge, involving units of the U.S. 1st Infantry Division
U.S. 1st Infantry Division
during the American push toward Belgium.[1][2] Heraldry[edit]

The arms of Maubeuge
Maubeuge
are blazoned : Or, 4 lions, 2 in bend sable armed and langued gules, 2 in bend sinister gules armed and langued azure, in chief an eagle sable beaked langued membered and armed gules, overall a crozier Or bendwise.

Economy[edit] There are important foundries, forges and blast furnaces, together with manufactures of machine tools and porcelain. The town has a board of trade arbitration, a communal college, a commercial and industrial school. Tour de France[edit] Maurice Garin, the winner of the inaugural 1903 Tour de France, began his cycling career in 1892 with the local Maubeuge
Maubeuge
cycling club, when he finished 5th in the Maubeuge-Hirson-Maubeuge, 200 kilometres (124 mi)race.[3] In 2003, on the 100th anniversary of his win, he was commemorated with a street named after him. Personalities[edit]

Leandre Griffit, football player Jan Gossaert, painter

See also[edit]

Siege
Siege
of Maubeuge
Maubeuge
(24 August - 7 September 1914) Fortified Sector of Maubeuge Battle of Maubeuge
Maubeuge
(2–7 September 1944) Communes of the Nord department Un clair de lune à Maubeuge

Sources[edit]

INSEE (in English) [2]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Maubeuge". Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 903. 

Footnotes[edit]

^ [1] ^ Official site of the town of Maubeuge
Maubeuge
(in French) ^ Journal L'Alsace-Le Pays, 20 February 2001, Profile of Maurice Garin Archived 1 November 2005 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Maubeuge.

Official website (in French) Webpage about the fortifications

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Communes of the Nord department

Abancourt Abscon Aibes Aix Allennes-les-Marais Amfroipret Anhiers Aniche Anneux Annœullin Anor Anstaing Anzin Arleux Armbouts-Cappel Armentières Arnèke Artres Assevent Attiches Aubencheul-au-Bac Auberchicourt Aubers Aubigny-au-Bac Aubry-du-Hainaut Auby Auchy-lez-Orchies Audignies Aulnoye-Aymeries Aulnoy-lez-Valenciennes Avelin Avesnelles Avesnes-les-Aubert Avesnes-le-Sec Avesnes-sur-Helpe Awoingt Bachant Bachy Bailleul Baisieux Baives Bambecque Banteux Bantigny Bantouzelle Bas-Lieu La Bassée Bauvin Bavay Bavinchove Bazuel Beaucamps-Ligny Beaudignies Beaufort Beaumont-en-Cambrésis Beaurain Beaurepaire-sur-Sambre Beaurieux Beauvois-en-Cambrésis Bellaing Bellignies Bérelles Bergues Berlaimont Bermerain Bermeries Bersée Bersillies Berthen Bertry Béthencourt Bettignies Bettrechies Beugnies Beuvrages Beuvry-la-Forêt Bévillers Bierne Bissezeele Blaringhem Blécourt Boeschepe Boëseghem Bois-Grenier Bollezeele Bondues Borre Bouchain Boulogne-sur-Helpe Bourbourg Bourghelles Boursies Bousbecque Bousies Bousignies Bousignies-sur-Roc Boussières-en-Cambrésis Boussières-sur-Sambre Boussois Bouvignies Bouvines Bray-Dunes Briastre Brillon Brouckerque Broxeele Bruay-sur-l'Escaut Bruille-lez-Marchiennes Bruille-Saint-Amand Brunémont Bry Bugnicourt Busigny Buysscheure Caëstre Cagnoncles Cambrai Camphin-en-Carembault Camphin-en-Pévèle Cantaing-sur-Escaut Cantin Capelle Capinghem Cappelle-Brouck Cappelle-en-Pévèle Cappelle-la-Grande Carnières Carnin Cartignies Cassel Le Cateau-Cambrésis Catillon-sur-Sambre Cattenières Caudry Caullery Cauroir Cerfontaine La Chapelle-d'Armentières Château-l'Abbaye Chemy Chéreng Choisies Clairfayts Clary Cobrieux Colleret Comines Condé-sur-l'Escaut Coudekerque-Branche Courchelettes Cousolre Coutiches Craywick Crespin Crèvecœur-sur-l'Escaut Crochte Croix Croix-Caluyau Cuincy Curgies Cuvillers Cysoing Damousies Dechy Dehéries Denain Deûlémont Dimechaux Dimont Doignies Dompierre-sur-Helpe Don Douai Douchy-les-Mines Le Doulieu Dourlers Drincham Dunkirk Ebblinghem Écaillon Eccles Éclaibes Écuélin Eecke Élesmes Élincourt Émerchicourt Emmerin Englefontaine Englos Ennetières-en-Weppes Ennevelin Eppe-Sauvage Erchin Eringhem Erquinghem-le-Sec Erquinghem-Lys Erre Escarmain Escaudain Escaudœuvres Escautpont Escobecques Esnes Esquelbecq Esquerchin Estaires Estourmel Estrées Estreux Estrun Eswars Eth Étrœungt Faches-Thumesnil Famars Faumont Le Favril Féchain Feignies Felleries Fenain Férin Féron Ferrière-la-Grande Ferrière-la-Petite La Flamengrie Flaumont-Waudrechies Flers-en-Escrebieux Flesquières Flêtre Flines-lès-Mortagne Flines-lez-Raches Floursies Floyon Fontaine-au-Bois Fontaine-au-Pire Fontaine-Notre-Dame Forest-en-Cambrésis Forest-sur-Marque Fourmies Fournes-en-Weppes Frasnoy Frelinghien Fresnes-sur-Escaut Fressain Fressies Fretin Fromelles Genech Ghissignies Ghyvelde Glageon Godewaersvelde Gœulzin Gognies-Chaussée Gommegnies Gondecourt Gonnelieu La Gorgue Gouzeaucourt Grande-Synthe Grand-Fayt Grand-Fort-Philippe Gravelines La Groise Gruson Guesnain Gussignies Hallennes-lez-Haubourdin Halluin Hamel Hantay Hardifort Hargnies Hasnon Haspres Haubourdin Haucourt-en-Cambrésis Haulchin Haussy Haut-Lieu Hautmont Haveluy Haverskerque Haynecourt Hazebrouck Hecq Hélesmes Hem Hem-Lenglet Hergnies Hérin Herlies Herrin Herzeele Hestrud Holque Hon-Hergies Hondeghem Hondschoote Honnechy Honnecourt-sur-Escaut Hordain Hornaing Houdain-lez-Bavay Houplin-Ancoisne Houplines Houtkerque Hoymille Illies Inchy Iwuy Jenlain Jeumont Jolimetz Killem Lallaing Lambersart Lambres-lez-Douai Landas Landrecies Lannoy Larouillies Lauwin-Planque Lecelles Lécluse Lederzeele Ledringhem Leers Leffrinckoucke Lesdain Lesquin Leval Lewarde Lez-Fontaine Lezennes Liessies Lieu-Saint-Amand Ligny-en-Cambrésis Lille Limont-Fontaine Linselles Locquignol Loffre Lompret La Longueville Looberghe Loon-Plage Loos Lourches Louvignies-Quesnoy Louvil Louvroil Lynde Lys-lez-Lannoy La Madeleine Maing Mairieux Le Maisnil Malincourt Marbaix Marchiennes Marcoing Marcq-en-Barœul Marcq-en-Ostrevent Maresches Maretz Marly Maroilles Marpent Marquette-en-Ostrevant Marquette-lez-Lille Marquillies Masnières Masny Mastaing Maubeuge Maulde Maurois Mazinghien Mecquignies Merckeghem Mérignies Merris Merville Méteren Millam Millonfosse Mœuvres Monceau-Saint-Waast Monchaux-sur-Écaillon Moncheaux Monchecourt Mons-en-Barœul Mons-en-Pévèle Montay Montigny-en-Cambrésis Montigny-en-Ostrevent Montrécourt Morbecque Mortagne-du-Nord Mouchin Moustier-en-Fagne Mouvaux Naves Neuf-Berquin Neuf-Mesnil La Neuville Neuville-en-Avesnois Neuville-en-Ferrain Neuville-Saint-Rémy Neuville-sur-Escaut Neuvilly Nieppe Niergnies Nieurlet Nivelle Nomain Noordpeene Noyelles-lès-Seclin Noyelles-sur-Escaut Noyelles-sur-Sambre Noyelles-sur-Selle Obies Obrechies Ochtezeele Odomez Ohain Oisy Onnaing Oost-Cappel Orchies Ors Orsinval Ostricourt Oudezeele Oxelaëre Paillencourt Pecquencourt Pérenchies Péronne-en-Mélantois Petit-Fayt Petite-Forêt Phalempin Pitgam Poix-du-Nord Pommereuil Pont-à-Marcq Pont-sur-Sambre Potelle Pradelles Prémesques Préseau Preux-au-Bois Preux-au-Sart Prisches Prouvy Proville Provin Quaëdypre Quarouble Quérénaing Le Quesnoy Quesnoy-sur-Deûle Quiévelon Quiévrechain Quiévy Râches Radinghem-en-Weppes Raillencourt-Sainte-Olle Raimbeaucourt Rainsars Raismes Ramillies Ramousies Raucourt-au-Bois Recquignies Rejet-de-Beaulieu Renescure Reumont Rexpoëde Ribécourt-la-Tour Rieulay Rieux-en-Cambrésis Robersart Rœulx Rombies-et-Marchipont Romeries Ronchin Roncq Roost-Warendin Rosult Roubaix Roucourt Rousies Rouvignies Rubrouck Les Rues-des-Vignes Ruesnes Rumegies Rumilly-en-Cambrésis Sailly-lez-Cambrai Sailly-lez-Lannoy Sainghin-en-Mélantois Sainghin-en-Weppes Sains-du-Nord Saint-Amand-les-Eaux Saint-André-lez-Lille Saint-Aubert Saint-Aubin Saint-Aybert Saint-Benin Sainte-Marie-Cappel Saint-Georges-sur-l'Aa Saint-Hilaire-lez-Cambrai Saint-Hilaire-sur-Helpe Saint-Jans-Cappel Saint-Martin-sur-Écaillon Saint-Momelin Saint-Pierre-Brouck Saint-Python Saint-Remy-Chaussée Saint-Remy-du-Nord Saint-Saulve Saint-Souplet Saint-Sylvestre-Cappel Saint-Vaast-en-Cambrésis Saint-Waast Salesches Salomé Saméon Sancourt Santes Sars-et-Rosières Sars-Poteries Sassegnies Saultain Saulzoir Sebourg Seclin Sémeries Semousies La Sentinelle Sepmeries Sequedin Séranvillers-Forenville Sercus Sin-le-Noble Socx Solesmes Solre-le-Château Solrinnes Somain Sommaing Spycker Staple Steenbecque Steene Steenvoorde Steenwerck Strazeele Taisnières-en-Thiérache Taisnières-sur-Hon Templemars Templeuve-en-Pévèle Terdeghem Téteghem-Coudekerque-Village Thiant Thiennes Thivencelle Thumeries Thun-l'Évêque Thun-Saint-Amand Thun-Saint-Martin Tilloy-lez-Cambrai Tilloy-lez-Marchiennes Toufflers Tourcoing Tourmignies Trélon Tressin Trith-Saint-Léger Troisvilles Uxem Valenciennes Vendegies-au-Bois Vendegies-sur-Écaillon Vendeville Verchain-Maugré Verlinghem Vertain Vicq Viesly Vieux-Berquin Vieux-Condé Vieux-Mesnil Vieux-Reng Villeneuve-d'Ascq Villereau Villers-au-Tertre Villers-en-Cauchies Villers-Guislain Villers-Outréaux Villers-Plouich Villers-Pol Villers-Sire-Nicole Volckerinckhove Vred Wahagnies Walincourt-Selvigny Wallers Wallers-en-Fagne Wallon-Cappel Wambaix Wambrechies Wandignies-Hamage Wannehain Wargnies-le-Grand Wargnies-le-Petit Warhem Warlaing Warneton Wasnes-au-Bac Wasquehal Watten Wattignies Wattignies-la-Victoire Wattrelos Wavrechain-sous-Denain Wavrechain-sous-Faulx Wavrin Waziers Wemaers-Cappel Wervicq-Sud West-Cappel Wicres Wignehies Willems Willies Winnezeele Wormhout Wulverdinghe Wylder Zegerscappel Zermezeele Zuydcoote Zuytpeene

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 236886115 GND: 4232858-5 BNF:

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