Matrouh Governorate (Egyptian Arabic: محافظة مطروح
Muḥāfẓet Maṭrūḥ) is one of the governorates of Egypt.
Located in the north-western part of the country, it borders Libya.
Its capital is Marsa Matrouh.
3 Industrial zone
5 External links
The interior of the
Matrouh Governorate is part of Egypt's Western
Desert, including the Siwa Oasis, in antiquity known for its shrine to
Amun. In the center of the Governorate is the Qattara Depression,
descending to 133 metres below sea level.
Marsa Matrouh is the ancient Paraetonium. It was the westernmost city
of Aegyptus as defined in the Hellenistic period. The city of Apis,
some 18 km to the west of Paraetonium, marked the boundary to
Libycus Nomus, and the
Halfaya Pass (at Sallum) marked the boundary to
Matrouh Governorate contains many historical sites related to World
War II. The latter include El Alamein, which comprises cemeteries of
fallen soldiers from Axis and Allied forces. An estimated 16 million
mines, planted by the Europeans during the world wars, still hinder
development of most of the governorate, and are constantly being
The province has been described as "religiously conservative".
According to population estimates from 2015 the majority of residents
in the governorate live in urban areas, with an urbanization rate of
70.6%. Out of an estimated 447,846 people residing in the governorate,
316,005 people live in urban areas as opposed to only 131,841 in rural
According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free
Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI),
the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:
The industrial zone in K 26
^ "Egypt's Government Governorates Directory". Retrieved 17 October
^ خارج القاهرة: ربع مليون فدان آلغام
بمطروح - ONTV - 13 Jan 2012 (in Arabic)
Egypt’s referendum: Deepening rifts
^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF).
CAPMAS. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
^ "Investment Regimes, Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of
Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 30 October 2016.
Retrieved 30 October 2016.
Matruh Governorate Official website
Governorates of Egypt
Kafr El Sheikh