HOME
The Info List - MasterCard


--- Advertisement ---



Mastercard Incorporated (stylized as MasterCard
MasterCard
from 1979-2016 and mastercard since 2016) is an American multinational financial services corporation headquartered in the MasterCard
MasterCard
International Global Headquarters in Purchase, New York, United States.[2] The Global Operations Headquarters is located in O'Fallon, Missouri, United States, a suburb of St. Louis, Missouri. Throughout the world, its principal business is to process payments between the banks of merchants and the card issuing banks or credit unions of the purchasers who use the "Mastercard" brand debit and credit cards to make purchases. Mastercard Worldwide has been a publicly traded company since 2006. Prior to its initial public offering, MasterCard Worldwide was a cooperative owned by the more than 25,000 financial institutions that issue its branded cards. Mastercard, originally known as Interbank/Master Charge,[3] was created by several California banks as a competitor to the BankAmericard issued by Bank of America, which later became the Visa credit card issued by Visa Inc.
Visa Inc.
From 1966 to 1979, Mastercard was called "Interbank" and "Master Charge".

Contents

1 History

1.1 IPO 1.2 Litigation

1.2.1 Anti-trust lawsuit by ATM operators 1.2.2 Debit card
Debit card
swipe fee price fixing 1.2.3 Antitrust settlement with U.S. Justice Department 1.2.4 Payment Card Interchange Fee and Merchant Discount Antitrust Litigation

2 Criticism

2.1 Anti-trust issues in the United States 2.2 Anti-trust investigations in Europe 2.3 Sanctions of Russia 2.4 Regulatory action in Australia and New Zealand 2.5 Blocking payments to WikiLeaks 2.6 Corporate branding of all Nigerian ID Cards

3 Prepaid debit cards 4 Advertising

4.1 Litigation of "Priceless" ad campaign

5 MasterCard
MasterCard
MarketPlace 6 Sports sponsorships 7 Corporate affairs

7.1 Headquarters 7.2 Management and Board of Directors 7.3 Company Culture

8 MasterCard
MasterCard
Contactless 9 QkR 10 Banknet 11 Publications 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

History[edit]

Master Charge logo used from 1969 to 1979, featuring the original Interbank logo of 1966

First MasterCard
MasterCard
logo, used from 1979 to 1990

MasterCard
MasterCard
logo used from 1990 to 1997

MasterCard
MasterCard
logo used corporately and on the cards from 1997 to 2006, and on the cards only until July 14, 2016.

MasterCard
MasterCard
corporate logo used from 2006 to July 14, 2016.

Mastercard logo used since July 14, 2016.

Logo of Maestro, the debit card subsidiary.

Logo of Cirrus, the interbank network subsidiary.

The original banks behind MasterCard
MasterCard
were United California Bank (later First Interstate Bank and subsequently merged into Wells Fargo Bank), Wells Fargo, Crocker National Bank
Crocker National Bank
(also subsequently merged into Wells Fargo), and the Bank of California
Bank of California
(subsequently merged into the Union Bank of California). In 1966, this group of California banks formed the Interbank Card Association (ICA). With the help of New York's Marine Midland Bank (now HSBC Bank USA), these banks joined with the ICA to create "Master Charge: The Interbank Card". The card was given a significant boost in 1969, when First National City Bank joined, merging its proprietary Everything Card with Master Charge. In 1968, the ICA and Eurocard started a strategic alliance, which effectively allowed the ICA access to the European market, and for Eurocard to be accepted on the ICA network. The Access card system from the United Kingdom joined the ICA/Eurocard alliance in 1972. In 1979, "Master Charge: The Interbank Card" was renamed "MasterCard". In 1997, Mastercard took over the Access card; the Access brand was then retired. In 2002, MasterCard
MasterCard
International merged with Europay International, another large credit-card issuer association, of which Eurocard had become a part in 1992. In mid-2006, MasterCard
MasterCard
International changed its name to MasterCard Worldwide. This was done in order to suggest a more global scale of operations. In addition, the company introduced a new corporate logo adding a third circle to the two that had been used in the past (the familiar card logo, resembling a Venn diagram, remained unchanged). A new corporate tagline was introduced at the same time: "The Heart of Commerce".[4] In August 2010, MasterCard
MasterCard
expanded its e-commerce offering with the acquisition of DataCash, a UK-based payment processing and fraud/risk management provider.[5][6] In March 2012, MasterCard
MasterCard
announced the expansion of its mobile contactless payments program, including markets across the Middle East.[7] In spring 2014, MasterCard
MasterCard
acquired Australia's leading rewards program manager company Pinpoint for an undisclosed amount.[8] MasterCard
MasterCard
teamed with Apple in September 2014, to incorporate a new mobile wallet feature into Apple's new iPhone models, enabling users to more readily use their MasterCard, and other credit cards.[9] In August 2017, MasterCard
MasterCard
acquired Brighterion, a Delaware Corporation headquartered in San Francisco, California that provides a portfolio of artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies.[10] Brighterion holds several patents.[11] IPO[edit] The company, which had been organized as a cooperative of banks, had an initial public offering on May 25, 2006, selling 61.5 million shares at $39 each.[12] The stock is traded on the NYSE under the symbol MA, with a market capitalization of $105.15 billion as of August 2016.[13] Litigation[edit] Anti-trust lawsuit by ATM operators[edit] MasterCard, along with Visa, has been sued in a class action by ATM operators that claims the credit card networks' rules effectively fix ATM access fees. The suit claims that this is a restraint on trade in violation of federal law. The lawsuit was filed by the National ATM Council and independent operators of automated teller machines. More specifically, it is alleged that MasterCard's and Visa's network rules prohibit ATM operators from offering lower prices for transactions over PIN-debit networks that are not affiliated with Visa or MasterCard. The suit says that this price fixing artificially raises the price that consumers pay using ATMs, limits the revenue that ATM-operators earn, and violates the Sherman Act's prohibition against unreasonable restraints of trade. Johnathan Rubin, an attorney for the plaintiffs said, "Visa and MasterCard
MasterCard
are the ringleaders, organizers, and enforcers of a conspiracy among U.S. banks to fix the price of ATM access fees in order to keep the competition at bay."[14] Debit card
Debit card
swipe fee price fixing[edit] Both MasterCard
MasterCard
and Visa have paid approximately $3 billion in damages resulting from a class-action lawsuit filed by Hagens Berman in January 1996.[15] The litigation cites several retail giants as plaintiffs, including Wal-Mart, Sears, Roebuck & Co., and Safeway.[16] Antitrust settlement with U.S. Justice Department[edit] In October 2010, MasterCard
MasterCard
and Visa reached a settlement with the U.S. Justice Department
U.S. Justice Department
in another antitrust case. The companies agreed to allow merchants displaying their logos to decline certain types of cards (because interchange fees differ), or to offer consumers discounts for using cheaper cards.[17] Payment Card Interchange Fee and Merchant Discount Antitrust Litigation[edit] Main article: Payment Card Interchange Fee and Merchant Discount Antitrust Litigation On November 27, 2012, a federal judge entered an order granting preliminary approval to a proposed settlement to a class-action lawsuit filed in 2005 by merchants and trade associations against MasterCard, Visa, and many credit card issuers. The suit was filed due to price fixing and other anti-competitive trade practices employed by MasterCard
MasterCard
and Visa. A majority of named class plaintiffs have objected and vowed to opt out of the settlement. Opponents object to provisions that would bar future lawsuits and even prevent merchants from opting out of significant portions of the proposed settlement. Stephen Neuwirth, a lawyer representing Home Depot, said, "It's so obvious Visa and MasterCard
MasterCard
were prepared to make a large payment because of the scope of the releases being given. It's all one quid pro quo and merchants like the Home Depot are being denied the chance to opt out of that quid pro quo and say this is a bad deal."[18] Plaintiffs allege that Visa, MasterCard, and major credit card issuers engaged in a conspiracy to fix interchange fees, also known as swipe fees, that are charged to merchants for the privilege of accepting payment cards at artificially high levels. In their complaint, the plaintiffs also alleged that the defendants unfairly interfere with merchants from encouraging customers to use less expensive forms of payment such as lower-cost cards, cash, and checks.[18] The settlement provides for the cash equivalent of a 10 basis-point reduction (0.1 percent) of swipe fees charged to merchants for a period of eight months. This eight-month period would probably begin in the middle of 2013. The total value of the settlement will be about $7.25 billion.[18] Criticism[edit] Anti-trust issues in the United States[edit] Few companies have faced more antitrust lawsuits both in the US and abroad.[19] MasterCard, along with Visa, engaged in systematic parallel exclusion against American Express
American Express
during the 1980s and 1990s. MasterCard
MasterCard
used exclusivity clauses in its contracts and blacklists to prevent banks from doing business with American Express. Such exclusionary clauses and other written evidence were used by the United States
United States
Department of Justice in regulatory actions against MasterCard
MasterCard
and Visa.[20] Discover has sued MasterCard
MasterCard
for similar issues.[19] In 1996 about 4 million merchants sued MasterCard
MasterCard
in federal court for making them accept debit cards if they wanted to accept credit cards and dramatically increasing credit card swipe fees. This case was settled with a multibillion-dollar payment in 2003. This was the largest anti-trust award in history.[19] In 1998, the Department of Justice sued MasterCard
MasterCard
over rules prohibiting their issuing banks from doing business with American Express or Discover. The Department of Justice won in 2001 and the verdict withstood appeal. American Express
American Express
also filed suit[19] On August 23, 2001, MasterCard
MasterCard
International Inc. was sued for violating the Florida Deceptive and Unfair Trade Practices Act.[21] On November 15, 2004, MasterCard
MasterCard
Inc. paid damages to American Express, due to anticompetitive practices that prevented American Express from issuing cards through U.S. banks,[22] and paid 1.8 billion dollars for settlement.[23] Anti-trust investigations in Europe[edit] The European Union
European Union
has repeatedly criticised MasterCard
MasterCard
for monopolistic trade practices. In April 2009, MasterCard
MasterCard
reached a settlement with the European Union
European Union
in an antitrust case, promising to reduce debit card swipe fees to 0.2 percent of purchases.[24] In December 2010, a senior official from the European Central Bank called for a break-up of the Visa/ MasterCard
MasterCard
duopoly by creation of a new European debit card for use in the Single Euro
Euro
Payments Area (SEPA).[25] WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
published documents showing that American authorities lobbied Russia
Russia
to defend the interests of Visa and MasterCard.[26] In response MasterCard
MasterCard
blocked payments to WikiLeaks. Members of the European Parliament
European Parliament
expressed concern that payments from European citizens to a European corporation could apparently be blocked by the United States, and called for a further reduction in the dominance of Visa and MasterCard
MasterCard
in the European payment system.[27] As of 2013, MasterCard
MasterCard
is under investigation by the European Union for the high fees it charges tourists who use their cards in Europe, and other anti-competitive practices[clarification needed] that could hinder electronic commerce and international trade, and high fees associated with premium credit cards. The EU's competition regulator said that these fees were of special concern because of the growing role of non-cash payments. MasterCard
MasterCard
charges non-European tourists much more than customers using cards issued in Europe. MasterCard could be fined up to 10 percent of its 2012 revenue or around $740 million. MasterCard
MasterCard
was banned from charging fees on cross-border transactions conducted wholly within the EU via a ruling by the European Commission
European Commission
in 2007.[28] The European Commission
European Commission
said that their investigation also includes large differences in fees across national borders. For instance, a 50-euro payment might cost 10 euro cents in the Netherlands but eight times that amount in Poland. The Commission argues that MasterCard
MasterCard
rules that prohibit merchants from enjoying better terms offered in other EU countries may be against anti-trust law. The European Consumer Organisation (BEUC) praised the action against MasterCard. BEUC said interbank fees push up prices and hurt consumers. BEUC Director General Monique Goyens said, "So in the end, all consumers are hit by a scheme which ultimately rewards the card company and issuing bank."[28] Sanctions of Russia[edit] On December 27, 2014, Visa Inc.
Visa Inc.
and MasterCard
MasterCard
suspended servicing some Russian banks in Crimea:[29] Rossiya Bank, Sobinbank, SMP Bank and Investcapitalbank,[30] after the USA issued sanctions against the Russian government due to the 2014 Russian military intervention in Ukraine. Regulatory action in Australia and New Zealand[edit] In 2003, the Reserve Bank of Australia
Reserve Bank of Australia
required that interchange fees be dramatically reduced, from about 0.95% of the transaction to approximately 0.5%.[citation needed] One notable result has been the reduced use of reward cards and increased use of debit cards. Australia also prohibited the "no surcharge" rule, a policy established by credit card networks like Visa and MasterCard
MasterCard
to prevent merchants from charging a credit card usage fee to the cardholder. A surcharge would mitigate or even exceed the merchant discount paid by a merchant, but would also make the cardholder more reluctant to use the card as the method of payment. Australia has also made changes to the interchange rates on debit cards and has considered abolishing interchange fees altogether. As of November 2006, New Zealand
New Zealand
was considering similar actions, following a Commerce Commission lawsuit alleging price-fixing by Visa and MasterCard. In New Zealand, merchants pay a 1.8% fee on every credit card transaction. Blocking payments to WikiLeaks[edit] In December 2010, MasterCard
MasterCard
blocked all payments to WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
due to claims that they engage in illegal activity.[31] In a response, a group of online activists calling themselves "Anonymous" organised a denial-of-service attack; as a result, the MasterCard
MasterCard
website experienced downtime on December 8–9, 2010.[32] On December 9, 2010 the servers of MasterCard
MasterCard
underwent a massive attack[33] as part of an Operation Avenge Assange
Operation Avenge Assange
for closing down payments of whistleblowing platform WikiLeaks. According to several news sites, security of thousands of credit cards was compromised during that attack due to a phishing-site set up by the attackers.[34] However, MasterCard
MasterCard
denied this, stating that "cardholder account data has not been placed at risk".[35] WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
spokesman said: "We neither condemn nor applaud these attacks."[36] U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay said that closing down credit lines for donations to WikiLeaks "could be interpreted as an attempt to censor the publication of information, thus potentially violating WikiLeaks' right to freedom of expression".[37] The company that enables WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
to accept credit and debit card donations[who?] said it would take legal action against Visa Europe and MasterCard.[38] Iceland-based IT firm DataCell said it would move immediately to try to force the two companies to resume allowing payments to the website.[citation needed] DataCell had earlier[when?] said that suspension of payments towards WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
is a violation of the agreements with their customers. On July 14, 2011 DataCell announced they had filed a complaint with the European Commission claiming the closure by Visa and MasterCard
MasterCard
of Datcell's access to the payment card networks violated the competition rules of the European Community.[39] On July 12, 2012 a Reykjavík
Reykjavík
court ruled that Valitor, Visa and MasterCard's partner in Iceland, had to start processing donations within fourteen days[40] or pay daily fines to the amount of ISK 800,000 (some $6000) for each day after that time, to open the payment gateway. Valitor also had to pay DataCell's litigation costs of ISK 1,500,000.[41][42] Corporate branding of all Nigerian ID Cards[edit] In 2014, pursuant to an agreement between MasterCard
MasterCard
and the Nigerian Government, acting through the National Identity Management Commission, the new Nigerian ID cards
ID cards
will bear the MasterCard
MasterCard
logo, contain personal database data and double as payment cards, irrevocably linking such payments to the individuals,[43] sparking criticism by the Civil Rights Congress alleging that it "represents a stamped ownership of a Nigerian by an American company ... reminiscent of the logo pasted on the bodies of African slaves transported across the Atlantic."[44] Prepaid debit cards[edit] MasterCard, Comerica Bank, and the U.S. Treasury Department teamed up in 2008 to create the Direct Express Debit MasterCard
Debit MasterCard
prepaid debit card. The federal government uses the Express Debit product to issue electronic payments to people who do not have bank accounts, who are often referred to collectively as the "unbanked". Comerica Bank
Comerica Bank
is the issuing bank for the debit card. The Direct Express cards give recipients a number of consumer protections. In June 2013, MasterCard
MasterCard
announced a partnership with British Airways to offer members the Executive Club Multi-currency Cash Passport, which will allow members to earn extra points and make multi-currency payments. The Passport card allows users to load up to ten currencies (euro, pound, U.S. dollar, Turkish Lira, Swiss franc, Australian dollar, Canadian dollar, New Zealand
New Zealand
dollar, U.A.E. dirham and South African rand) at a locked-in rate. When used, the card selects the local currency to ensure the best exchange rate, and if the local currency is not already loaded onto the card, funds are used from other currencies.[citation needed] Advertising[edit] MasterCard's current advertising campaign tagline is "Priceless". The slogan associated with the campaign is "There are some things money can't buy. For everything else, there's MasterCard." The Priceless campaign in more recent iterations has been applicable to both MasterCard's credit card and debit card products. They also use the Priceless description to promote products such as their "priceless travel" site which features deals and offers for MasterCard holders,[45] and "priceless cities", offers for people in specified locations.[46] The first of these Priceless ads was run during the 1997 World Series and there are numerous different TV, radio and print ads.[47] MasterCard
MasterCard
registered Priceless as a trademark.[48] Actor Billy Crudup has been the voice in the US market; in the UK, actor Jack Davenport is the voice. The original idea and concept of the campaign stems from the advertising agency of McCann Erickson (as it was named in 1997).[49] The purpose of the campaign is to position MasterCard
MasterCard
as a friendly credit card company with a sense of humor, as well as responding to the public's worry that everything is being commodified and that people are becoming too materialistic.[50] Many parodies have been made using this same pattern, especially on Comedy Central, though MasterCard
MasterCard
has threatened legal action,[51] contending that MasterCard
MasterCard
views such parodies as a violation of its rights under the federal and state trademark and unfair competition laws, under the federal and state anti-dilution laws, and under the Copyright Act. Despite these claims, however, noted US consumer advocate and presidential candidate Ralph Nader
Ralph Nader
emerged victorious (after a four-year battle) in the suit MasterCard
MasterCard
brought against him after he produced his own "Priceless" political commercials.[52] In the election ads Nader had criticized the corporate financing of both the Bush and Gore campaigns. Using the theme and some of the language behind the MasterCard
MasterCard
"Priceless" campaign the election specified the dollar amounts contributed by corporate interests to both candidates and then summed it up with "finding out the truth ... priceless". MasterCard
MasterCard
sued Nader's campaign committee and filed a temporary restraining order to stop the ads. The TRO was not granted and Nader defended the ads by claiming they were protected under the fair use doctrine.[53] Litigation of "Priceless" ad campaign[edit] In 1994 Argentinian born Edgardo Apestguia created in Paraguay an ad campaign for Bancard's credit card. Its slogan was "There are things money can't buy, but, for everything else, there is Bancard".[54] Plagiarism lawsuits were filed in Paraguay and Chile against MasterCard
MasterCard
and their publicist McCann, who registered the "priceless" slogan ads in the US in 1999 and was represented in Paraguay by Nafta and Biedermann publicists at the time. MasterCard
MasterCard
MarketPlace[edit] Through a partnership with an Internet company that specializes in personalized shopping, MasterCard
MasterCard
introduced a Web shopping mall on April 16, 2010 that it said can pinpoint with considerable accuracy what its cardholders are likely to purchase.[55] Sports sponsorships[edit] MasterCard
MasterCard
sponsors major sporting events and teams throughout the world. These include rugby's New Zealand, the MLB, the UEFA Champions League and the PGA Tour's Arnold Palmer Invitational. Previously, it also sponsored the FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
but withdrew its contract after a court settlement and its rival, Visa, took up the contract in 2007.[56] In 1997, MasterCard
MasterCard
was the main sponsor of the MasterCard Lola Formula One
Formula One
team, which withdrew from the 1997 Formula One
Formula One
season after its first race due to financial problems. Corporate affairs[edit] Headquarters[edit] Main article: MasterCard
MasterCard
International Global Headquarters MasterCard
MasterCard
has its headquarters in the MasterCard
MasterCard
International Global Headquarters in Purchase, New York.[57] The Global Operations Center is located in O'Fallon, Missouri, a suburb of St. Louis. Management and Board of Directors[edit] Key executives include:[58][59]

Ajay Banga: President and Chief Executive Officer Walt Macnee: Vice Chairman Robert Reeg: President – Global Technology & Operations Raja Rajamannar: Chief Marketing Officer – Global Marketing Gary Flood: President – Products & Services Noah Hanft: General Counsel, Chief Franchise Officer and Corporate President Michael Fraccaro: Chief Human Resources Officer

Chris McWilton: President – North American Markets Ann Cairns: President - International Markets Javier Perez: President – Europe Vicky Bindra: President – Asia/Pacific Betty Devita: President - Canada Gilberto Caldart: President - LA/C Michael Miebach: President - Middle East & Africa

Prior to its IPO in 2006, MasterCard
MasterCard
was an association that had a board of directors composed of banks. The current Board of Directors includes the following individuals:

Richard Haythornthwaite, Chairman of the Board MasterCard Incorporated, President, PSI UK Ltd Ajay Banga, President and Chief Executive Officer, MasterCard Worldwide Silvio Barzi, Former Senior Advisor and Executive Officer, UniCredit Group David R. Carlucci, Former Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, IMS Health Incorporated Steven J. Freiberg, Senior Advisor, The Boston Consulting Group Nancy J. Karch, Director Emeritus, McKinsey & Company Marc Olivie, President and Chief Executive Officer, W.C. Bradley Co. Rima Qureshi, Senior Vice President Strategic Projects, Ericsson Jose Octavio Reyes Lagunes, Vice Chairman, Coca-Cola Export Corporation, The Coca-Cola Company Mark Schwartz, Vice Chairman, The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc., Chairman, Goldman Sachs Asia Pacific Edward Suning Tian, Chairman, China Broadband Capital Partners, L.P. Jackson P. Tai, Former Vice Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, DBS Group and DBS Bank Ltd.

In June 2013, MasterCard
MasterCard
has announced the promotion of Gilberto Caldart to head of Latin America
Latin America
and Caribbean
Caribbean
division. Caldart joined MasterCard
MasterCard
from Citi Brazil in 2008, where he served as country business manager and oversaw the retail bank, consumer finance and cards business. He holds a bachelor's degree in business administration and accounting, as well as a master's degree from Duke University.[citation needed] In 2017, Ajay Kanwal, Former Regional Chief Executive for ASEAN and South Asia at Standard Chartered Bank has been appointed as Senior Advisor at MasterCard[60] Company Culture[edit] MasterCard
MasterCard
was listed as one of the best companies to work for in 2013 by Forbes.[61] In 2016, MasterCard
MasterCard
UK became one of 144 companies who signed the HM Treasury's Women in Finance Charter, a pledge for balanced gender representation in the company.[62] MasterCard
MasterCard
Contactless[edit]

PayPass RFID
RFID
chip from a Mastercard

Mastercard issued by the Commonwealth Bank
Commonwealth Bank
of Australia. Semi-transparency shows PayPass antenna, connecting to RFID
RFID
chip.

Mastercard Contactless (formerly branded Paypass[63]) is an EMV-compatible, "contactless" payment feature similar to American Express' ExpressPay, and Visa payWave. All three use the same symbol as shown on the right. It is based on the ISO/IEC 14443 standard that provides cardholders with a simpler way to pay by tapping a payment card or other payment device, such as a phone or key fob, on a point-of-sale terminal reader rather than swiping or inserting a card. Contactless can currently be used on transactions up to and including 30 GBP, 25 EUR, 50 USD, 100 CAD, 200 NOK, 200 DKK, 80 NZD, 100 AUD, 1000 RUB or 2000 INR. In 2003, Mastercard concluded a nine-month PayPass market trial in Orlando, Florida
Orlando, Florida
with JPMorgan Chase, Citibank, and MBNA. More than 16,000 cardholders and more than 60 retailer locations participated in the market trial.[needs update] In addition, Mastercard worked with Nokia, AT&T Wireless, and JPMorgan Chase
JPMorgan Chase
to incorporate Mastercard PayPass into mobile phones using near-field communication technology, in Dallas, Texas. In 2011, Google
Google
and Mastercard launched Google Wallet, an Android application which allows a mobile device to send credit/debit card information directly to a Paypass-enabled payment terminal, bypassing the need for a physical card, up until the creation of Android Pay. During late 2015, Citicards in the USA stopped issuing Paypass-enabled plastic, but the keyfob was still available upon request. Effective July 16, 2016, Citicards will stop supporting Paypass completely. While existing plastic and keyfobs will continue to work until their expiration date, no new Paypass-enabled hardware will be issued to US customers after that date. QkR[edit] QkR is a mobile payment app developed by MasterCard, for the purpose of ordering products and services through a smartphone with payments charged to the associated credit card. It is being deployed for use in large-scale events, such as sport events, concerts, or movie theaters. Unlike other MasterCard
MasterCard
mobile payment apps such as Pay Pass, QkR does not use NFC from the phone, but rather an Internet connection. Users can open the app, scan a QR code
QR code
located on the back of the seat in front of them, and place orders for refreshments of their choice.[64][65] The order is dispatched to a nearby concession stand, from where a runner delivers the items to the patrons' seats. It is already deployed in Australian movie theaters and is being tested in Yankee Stadium. QkR is being marketed to vendors as a replacement for other mobile payment apps and a mobile ordering app, either distributed by the vendor (such as Starbucks's app, McDonald's' app, or Chipotle's mobile ordering app) or by a third party, such as Square, headed by Twitter cofounder Jack Dorsey. Banknet[edit] MasterCard
MasterCard
operates Banknet, a global telecommunications network linking all MasterCard
MasterCard
card issuers, acquirers, and data processing centers into a single financial network. The operations hub is located in St. Louis, Missouri. Banknet uses the ISO 8583 protocol. MasterCard's network differs significantly from Visa's. Visa's is a star-based system where all endpoints terminate at one of several main data centers, where all transactions are processed centrally. MasterCard's network is an edge-based, peer-to-peer network where transactions travel a meshed network directly to other endpoints, without the need to travel to a single point. This allows MasterCard's network to be much more resilient, in that a single failure cannot isolate a large number of endpoints.[66] Publications[edit]

Worldwide Centres of Commerce Index Emerging Markets Index

See also[edit]

Companies portal Electronics portal Hudson Valley portal

Access credit card Cirrus Damage waiver Entrust Bankcard Maestro MasterCard
MasterCard
SecureCode Mondex Octopus card Payoneer Redecard

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f "Mastercard Incorporated 2017 Annual Report (Form 10-K)". sec.gov. U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. February 2018.  ^ " MasterCard
MasterCard
Incorporated Reports Fourth-Quarter and Full-Year 2016 Financial Results". MasterCard.  ^ "Master card Milestones". Milestones/Mastercard. Mastercard. Retrieved September 20, 2011.  ^ Loomis, Jay (June 28, 2006). " MasterCard
MasterCard
changing name". The Journal News. White Plains, NY. Retrieved July 5, 2006.  ^ Spillane, Chris (August 19, 2010). " MasterCard
MasterCard
to Acquire DataCash for 333 Million Pounds". Bloomberg. Retrieved March 7, 2012.  ^ Farrell, Sean (August 19, 2010). " MasterCard
MasterCard
pays £333m for British online payments firm DataCash". The Independent. London. Retrieved March 7, 2012.  ^ Rima Ali Al Mashni (March 7, 2012). "QNB Group, Qtel, Oberthur and MasterCard
MasterCard
introduce first mobile Near Field Communication payments program in Qatar". AMEinfo.com. Archived from the original on March 9, 2012. Retrieved March 7, 2012.  ^ "Mastercard to acquire Business Reward Services Provider Pinpoint". Biharprabha.com. April 17, 2014. Retrieved April 17, 2014.  ^ "Apple teams with payment networks to turn iPhone into wallet". SanDiegoNews.net. September 1, 2014. Retrieved September 1, 2014.  ^ "Mastercard Enhances Artificial Intelligence Capability with the Acquisition of Brighterion, Inc. - Global Hub". newsroom.mastercard.com. Retrieved 23 September 2017.  ^ "Patents by Assignee Brighterion, Inc". Justia Patents Search. August 7, 2017. Retrieved September 23, 2017.  ^ " MasterCard
MasterCard
IPO rises 18% from discounted price". MarketWatch. May 25, 2006. Retrieved June 3, 2017.  ^ "$MA Mastercard Inc Insider Trading". InsiderMole.com. Retrieved August 23, 2016.  ^ "ATM Operators File
File
Antitrust Lawsuit Against Visa and MasterCard" (Press release). PR Newswire. October 12, 2011.  ^ Visa/ MasterCard
MasterCard
Litigation Archived April 26, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., January 1, 1996 ^ www.inrevisacheckmastermoneyantitrustlitigation.com Archived August 9, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved July 13, 2011. ^ Vanek, Stacey. (October 4, 2010) Visa, Mastercard settlement means more flexibility for merchants Marketplace From American Public Media Archived July 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. marketplace.publicradio.org. Retrieved July 13, 2011. ^ a b c Visa, MasterCard
MasterCard
$7.25 Billion Fee Deal Wins Approval. Businessweek. Retrieved on October 30, 2013. ^ a b c d Duncan, Mallory (July 10, 2012). "Credit Card Market Is Unfair, Noncompetitive". Roll Call.  ^ T-Mobile, Wireless Carriers, and the Way to Fight Oligopolies. The New Yorker. Retrieved on October 30, 2013. ^ "Joshua Rubin and Joseph Phillips et al. v. MasterCard International, LLC". [permanent dead link] ^ " American Express
American Express
sues Visa, MasterCard".  ^ Dash, Eric. " MasterCard
MasterCard
Will Pay $1.8 Billion to American Express". The New York Times. Retrieved February 10, 2015.  ^ http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-09-515_en.htm ^ Forexhound.com[dead link] ^ (in French) http://www.lepoint.fr/monde/russie-wikileaks-visa-et-mastercard-au-coeur-de-troublantes-revelations-08-12-2010-1272689_24.php ^ Zorgen over dominantie Visa en Mastercard in Europa – Nieuws – TROUW. www.trouw.nl (February 28, 2011). Retrieved July 13, 2011. ^ a b MasterCard
MasterCard
under EU fire over payment card fees Archived May 20, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Fox Business (April 9, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-10-30. ^ "Sanctioned: Visa, MasterCard
MasterCard
suspend servicing Russian banks in Crimea".  ^ "Visa, Mastercard block US-sanctioned Russian banks". Retrieved March 22, 2014.  ^ McCullagh, Declan. (December 9, 2010) MasterCard
MasterCard
pulls plug on WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
payments Privacy Inc. – CNET News. news.cnet.com. Retrieved July 13, 2011. ^ Addley, Esther (December 8, 2010). " MasterCard
MasterCard
site partially frozen by hackers in WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
'revenge'". The Guardian. London.  ^ The Register. ^ MasterCard
MasterCard
Deemed Unsafe? 'Anonymous' WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
Supporters Claim Privacy Breach. Huffington Post. December 18, 2010. Retrieved July 13, 2011. ^ "Wikileaks 'data war' gathers pace". BBC News. December 7, 2010.  ^ [1] Archived December 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. ^ UN rights chief concerned about pressure on WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
Expatica Switzerland. expatica.com. Retrieved July 13, 2011. ^ News – DataCell – Coolest Datacenter on the Planet. DataCell (March 24, 2011). Retrieved July 13, 2011. ^ "DataCell files a complaint with the European Commission", datacell.com, July 14, 2011. Retrieved 5 Augusti 2012. ^ "Tvingas öppna för Wikileaksdonationer Archived July 15, 2012, at the Wayback Machine." (in Swedish) Sveriges Television, July 12, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2012. ^ "Judgement Reykjavík
Reykjavík
District Court, 12 July 2012 in case number E-561/2012: Datacell ehf.", English translation of judgment. Retrieved November 9, 2012. ^ WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
Wins Icelandic Court Battle Against Visa for Blocking Donations Threat Level. Wired.com. ^ "SCANDALOUS: Outrage in Nigeria as government brands National ID Card with MasterCard's logo". Premium Times. August 29, 2014. President Jonathan, who flagged off the rollout, praised the outcome of a partnership between NIMC, MasterCard
MasterCard
and Access Bank. "The card is not only a means of certifying your identity, but also a personal database repository and payment card, all in your pocket," Mr. Jonathan said.  ^ "SCANDALOUS: Outrage in Nigeria as government brands National ID Card with MasterCard's logo". Premium Times. August 29, 2014. The new ID card with a MasterCard
MasterCard
logo does not represent an identity of a Nigerian. It simply represents a stamped ownership of a Nigerian by an American company," said Shehu Sani of the Civil Rights Congress of Nigeria. "It is reminiscent of the logo pasted on the bodies of African salves [sic] transported across the Atlantic.  ^ Priceless Travel[permanent dead link]. MasterCard. Retrieved July 13, 2011. ^ MasterCard
MasterCard
Priceless Cities Archived 2013-04-21 at Archive.is. Mastercard.co.uk (August 30, 2012). ^ Priceless Film Festival Archived July 2, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.. www.priceless.com. Retrieved July 13, 2011. ^ Priceless, Trademark Electronic Search System. Retrieved July 5, 2006. ^ Source: http://www.allbusiness.com/marketing-advertising/4183437-1.html#ixzz1cC0qvBBD. ^ Priceless Archived June 26, 2006, at the Wayback Machine., Jim Farrell, New American Dream. Retrieved July 5, 2006. ^ Threats of legal action: MasterCard
MasterCard
International (April 9, 2001). "Re: MasterCard/Infringement by Netfunny.com web site". Retrieved July 30, 2006.  ^ George B. Daniels, District Judge (March 9, 2004). "Decision of the US District Court in the case of MasterCard
MasterCard
International Incorporated v. Ralph Nader" (PDF). US District Court, Southern District of New York. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 1, 2004. Retrieved July 30, 2006.  ^ Lawgeek story Archived October 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Lawgeek.typepad.com (March 9, 2004). ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 10, 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-30.  addmz.com. ^ Martin, Andrew (April 8, 2010). " MasterCard
MasterCard
Set to Open an Online Shopping Mall". The New York Times.  ^ Visa signs $170m deal with Fifa. BBC News (June 28, 2007). Retrieved July 13, 2011. ^ "Contact Us." MasterCard. Retrieved February 2, 2011. "MasterCard Advisors 2000 Purchase Street Purchase, NY 10577." ^ MasterCard
MasterCard
Investor Relations. Retrieved March 6, 2009. ^ MasterCard
MasterCard
Corporate Investors Board of Directors. Investorrelations.mastercardintl.com. Retrieved on October 30, 2013. ^ Ajay Kanwal joins as Senior Advisor "Seasoned Banker Ajay Kanwal Charts a New Career Path". Retrieved 2017-07-08.  ^ Smith, Jacquelyn (12 December 2012). "The Best Companies To Work For In 2013". Forbes. Retrieved 10 November 2017.  ^ Mayer, Brittney (8 September 2017). "Pledged to Parity: Mastercard Earns Our Editor's Choice Award for Its Commitment to Gender Equality". CardRates.com. Retrieved 10 November 2017.  ^ "ALERT: Due to licensing changes and rebranding efforts, the Mastercard Contactless (formerly known as PayPass) documentation has been moved". Mastercard. March 8, 2015. Archived from the original on March 9, 2015.  ^ "MasterCard's QkR mobile payment system enters trial in Australia". January 27, 2012. Retrieved January 26, 2014.  ^ " MasterCard
MasterCard
starts piloting QkR mobile payment app". January 26, 2012. Retrieved January 26, 2014.  ^ "Peer-to-Peer Network Architecture of Banknet" (PDF).  Fact Sheet from MasterCard
MasterCard
website. Retrieved April 4, 2013.

External links[edit]

Official website Corporate website Merchant website Business website How Mastercard works (interactive site) Mastercard Priceless Travel site

Wikimedia Commons has media related to MasterCard.

Business data for Mastercard: Google
Google
Finance Yahoo! Finance Reuters SEC filings

v t e

Credit, charge and debit cards

Major cards

American Express Diners Club MasterCard

Debit MasterCard Maestro

Visa

Visa Debit Visa Electron

Regional and specialty cards

Bancomat BC Card BCA Card Carte Bleue China UnionPay Dankort Discover EFTPOS Electronic Payment Services
Electronic Payment Services
(EPS) Girocard Interac Isracard JCB Mir MEPS NETS RuPay UATP V Pay Verve

Defunct cards

Access Bankcard Carte Blanche Choice enRoute Eurocard Everything Laser Rail Travel Card Revolution Card Solo Switch

Accounts

Payment card number Card association Card enclosure Credit card
Credit card
balance transfer Credit limit Installment credit Revolving account Deposit account

Current/checking account Savings account

ATM card

Debt

Cash advance Charge-off Maxed out

Interest

Grace period Introductory rate Universal default

Payment

Card not present transaction Chargeback Controlled payment number Dispute

Interchange fee

Interchange fee Surcharge

Security

Card security code Chargeback fraud Credit card
Credit card
fraud Credit card
Credit card
hijacking Enculturation

Technology

Cash machine Chip and PIN Contactless payment Credit card
Credit card
terminal Interbank network Magnetic stripe card Smart card

v t e

Thomson Reuters

Legal

Carswell FindLaw
FindLaw
(Writ) La Ley Practical Law Company Sweet & Maxwell (IDS) West Westlaw West LegalEdCenter Pangea3

Financial

Company data

I/B/E/S League Tables

Eikon

Messenger

Lipper Thomson Reuters
Thomson Reuters
Indices

Thomson Reuters
Thomson Reuters
Business Classification Thomson Reuters/CoreCommodity CRB Index Thomson Reuters
Thomson Reuters
Realized Volatility Index

Media

Reuters

Breakingviews

ITN
ITN
(20%)

Risk Management

World-Check

Predecessors

Reuters
Reuters
Group The Thomson Corporation

Other

3 Times Square Tom Glocer David Thomson The Woodbridge Compa

.