HOME
The Info List - Massacre



--- Advertisement ---


A MASSACRE is a specific incident which involves the killing of people, although it is not necessarily a crime against humanity .

The numbers killed range from just a few people to many millions. The common factor of a massacre (as with mass murder ) is that multiple people are being violently killed by other people.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology and history of the term * 2 Definitions * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading

ETYMOLOGY AND HISTORY OF THE TERM

The modern definition of _massacre_ as "wholesale slaughter, carnage", and the subsequent verb of this form, derive from late 16th century Middle French, evolved from Middle French _"macacre, macecle"_ meaning "slaughterhouse, butchery." Further origins are dubious, though may be related to Latin _macellum_ "provisions store, butcher shop."

The term is also used allegorically for events that do not involve deaths, such as the Saturday Night Massacre —the dismissals and resignations of political appointees during Richard Nixon 's Watergate scandal .

DEFINITIONS

Robert Melson 's "basic working definition," reads, "by massacre we shall mean the intentional killing by political actors of a significant number of relatively defenseless people... the motives for massacre need not be rational in order for the killings to be intentional... Mass killings can be carried out for various reasons, including a response to false rumors... political massacre... should be distinguished from criminal or pathological mass killings... as political bodies we of course include the state and its agencies, but also nonstate actors..."

Mark Levene defines a massacre as historically involving the murder of more than one individual, within an outrageous moral deficiency: "Although it is not possible to set unalterable rules about when multiple murders become massacres. Equally important is the fact that massacres are not carried out by individuals, instead they are carried out by groups... the use of superior, even overwhelming force..." Levene excludes "legal, or even some quasi-legal, mass executions." He also points out that it is "...most often ... when the act is outside the normal moral bounds of the society witnessing it... In any war ... this killing is often acceptable."

SEE ALSO

_ Look up MASSACRE _ in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

* List of events named massacres * Disaster * Democide * Ethnic cleansing * Genocide * Killing spree * Mass murder * Pogrom * Tragedy (event) * Tragedy * War crime

REFERENCES

* ^ Dadrian, Vahakn N. (1999). _Warrant for Genocide: Key Elements of Turko-Armenian Conflict_. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers. p. 153. ISBN 1-56000-389-8 . * ^ Gallant, Thomas W. (2001). "review of Levene, Roberts The Massacre in History". _Crime, History & Societies_. 5 (1). access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ "(Archived) Merriam-Webster: Massacre". _Merriam-Webster.com_. Archived from the original on 8 January 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2017. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link ) * ^ "(Archived) Etymonline: Massacre". _Etymonline.com_. Archived from the original on 8 January 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2017. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link ) * ^ "(Archived) Oxford: Massacre". _Oxford Online Dictionary_. Archived from the original on 8 January 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2017. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link ) * ^ Melson, Robert (July 1982). "Theoretical Inquiry into the Armenian Massacres of 1894-1896". _Comparative Studies in Society and History_. 24 (3): 482–3. doi :10.1017/s0010417500010100 . * ^ Levene, Mark; Roberts, Penny (1999-01-01). _The Massacre in History_. Berghahn Books. p. 90. ISBN 9781571819345 .

FURTHER READING

* Kenz, David El. "GLOSSARY TERM: Massacre". _Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence_. Retrieved 22 November 2013. * Levene, Mark; Roberts, Penny, eds. (1999). _The massacre in history_ (1. publ. ed.). Providence: Berghahn Book. ISBN 9781571819345 .

* v * t * e

Lists of massacres

* List of events named massacres * List of massacres at sea

By country or territory

* Afghanistan * Albania * Algeria * Argentina * Australia * Azerbaijan * Bangladesh * Belarus * Belgium * Bolivia * Bosnia and Herzegovina * Brazil * Bulgaria * Burundi * Canada * Chile * China * Colombia * Croatia * Cyprus * Czech Republic * Dominican Republic * East Timor * Egypt * El Salvador * Finland * France * Germany * Greece * Great Britain * Guatemala * Guinea * Guyana * Haiti * Hungary * Iceland * India * Indonesia * Iraq * Ireland * Israel * Italy * Jamaica * Japan * Kenya * Latvia * Lebanon * Libya * Lithuania * Macedonia * Malaysia * Mexico * Myanmar * Nepal * New Zealand * Nigeria * North Korea * Ottoman Syria * Pakistan * Mandatory Palestine * Palestinian territories * Peru * Philippines * Poland * Romania * Russia * Rwanda * São Tomé and Príncipe * Serbia * Singapore * Slovakia * Slovenia * Solomon Islands * South Africa * South Korea * South Sudan * Soviet Union * Spain * Sri Lanka * Sudan * Syria * Taiwan * Thailand * Turkey * Ukraine * United States * Venezuela * Vietnam * Yugoslavia

BY WAR

* World War I

* World War II

* Yugoslavia

* 1948 Palestine War * Eritrean War * Nagorno-Karabakh War * Croatian War * Bosnian War * Algerian Civil War * Kosovo War * Syrian Civil War

* Massacres

* Massacres by country * Massacres by year

* v * t * e

Attacks , conflicts and mass murder by year

ATTACKS BY YEAR 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989

YEARS 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989

CONFLICTS BY YEAR 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989

YEARS 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989

MASS MURDER BY YEAR 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989

YEARS 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989

ATTACKS BY YEAR 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996

YEARS 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996

CONFLICTS BY YEAR 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996

YEARS 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996

MASS MURDER BY YEAR 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996

YEARS 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996

ATTACKS BY YEAR 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

YEARS 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

CONFLICTS BY YEAR 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

YEARS 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

MASS MURDER BY YEAR 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

YEARS 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

ATTACKS BY YEAR 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

YEARS 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

CONFLICTS BY YEAR 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

YEARS 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

MASS MURDER BY YEAR 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

YEARS 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

ATTACKS BY YEAR 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

YEARS 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

CONFLICTS BY YEAR 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

YEARS 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

MASS MURDER BY YEAR 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

YEARS 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

* Armed conflicts by time * Armed attacks by year * Massacres by year * Mass murder by year * Terrorism by year

* Ongoing armed conflicts

* in world maps

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* GND : 4300999-2

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title= Massacre additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization.

* Privacy policy * About Wikipedia * Disclaimers * Contact Wikipedia * Developers * Cookie st