1 House of Representatives 2 Senate 3 Legislative procedure 4 State House News Service 5 References 6 Further reading 7 See also 8 External links
House of Representatives
After a bill takes its second reading, it is open to debate on
amendments and motions. Following debate, a vote is taken and if the
bill receives a favorable vote by the membership, it is ordered to a
third reading and referred to the Committee on Bills in the Third
Reading. This amounts to preliminary approval of the bill in that
branch. That committee examines technical points, as well as the
legality and constitutionality of the measure, and ensures that it
does not duplicate or contradict existing law. The committee then
issues a report and returns the bill to the House or Senate for its
third reading. At that time, legislators can further debate and amend
the bill. Following the third reading, the body votes on "passing the
bill to be engrossed."
The bill must then pass through three readings and engrossment in the
second legislative branch. Should that occur, it is sent to the
Legislative Engrossing Division where it is typed on special parchment
in accordance with the General Laws. However, if the second branch
passes an amended version of the bill, the legislation returns to the
original branch for a vote of concurrence in the amendment. If
concurrence is rejected, a conference committee consisting of the
three members from each legislative branch representing both political
parties may be formed to effect a compromise piece of legislation.
When a compromise is reached, the bill is sent to both legislative
branches for their approval.
A vote "to enact" the bill, first in the House and later in the
Senate, is the final step in the passage of a bill by the legislature.
Following enactment, the bill goes to the governor, who may sign the
bill into law, allow it to become law without signing it (if the
governor holds the bill for ten days without taking any action while
the legislature is in session, it becomes law without his or her
signature), veto it, or return it to the legislature with recommended
changes. If the legislature has concluded its yearly session, and the
governor does not sign the bill within ten days, it dies. This is
referred to as a "pocket veto." This ten-day period includes Sundays
and holidays, even if they fall on the tenth day, and it begins the
day after the legislation is laid on the governor's desk.
A bill signed by the governor, or passed by two-thirds of both
branches over his veto, becomes a law. It is usually effective in
ninety days. The day after the governor signs the bill is considered
to be the first day, and each succeeding day, including Sundays and
holidays is counted until the ninetieth. Laws considered "emergency"
in nature take effect immediately upon signing if the legislature has
voted to attach an "emergency preamble" to the bill. Adoption of the
preamble requires a two-thirds standing vote of the membership. The
governor may also declare an act to be an emergency law and make it
effective at once. A special act takes effect thirty days from the day
it is signed, unless it contains a provision to make it effective
State House News Service
The State House News Service is an independent privately-owned, wire
service based in the
Massachusetts State House
^ "Senate Members".
^ "House Members".
^ Constitution of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. See Chapter I,
Section I, Art.I
^ John A. Hird, Power, Knowledge, and Politics: Policy Analysis in the
States (Georgetown University Press, 2005), p. 93.
^ a b Robert B. Hackey, Rethinking Health Care Policy: The New
Politics of State Regulation (Georgetown University Press, 1998), p.
^ John Hudak, Presidential Pork: White House Influence over the
Distribution of Federal Grants (Brookings Institution Press, 2014), p.
202 ("Democrats frequently control a supermajority of both houses of
the state legislature in Massachusetts").
^ Jonathan Cohn, Democratic supermajority not so super: Lawmakers from
same party but not on same platform, Commonweal (May 27, 2017).
^ Constitution of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Article LXXXII.
^ Jennie Drage Bowser & Gary Moncrief, "Term Limits in State
Legislatures" in Institutional Change in American Politics: The Case
of Term Limits (eds. Karl T. Kurtz, Bruce E. Cain & Richard G.
Niemi) (University of Michigan Press, 2007), p. 11.
^ Sara Rimer, Top
Noah Bierman. "Legislators’ vital work veiled from public’s eye".
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Berkshire, Hampshire, Franklin, and Hampden Bristol and Norfolk Bristol and Plymouth: 1st, 2nd Cape and Islands Essex: 1st, 2nd, 3rd Essex and Middlesex: 1st, 2nd Hampden Hampden and Hampshire: 1st, 2nd Hampshire, Franklin and Worcester Middlesex: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th Middlesex and Norfolk: 1st, 2nd Middlesex and Suffolk Middlesex and Worcester Norfolk, Bristol and Middlesex Norfolk, Bristol and Plymouth Norfolk and Plymouth Norfolk and Suffolk Plymouth and Barnstable Plymouth and Bristol: 1st, 2nd Plymouth and Norfolk Suffolk: 1st, 2nd Suffolk and Middlesex: 1st, 2nd Worcester: 1st, 2nd Worcester, Hampden, Hampshire and Middlesex Worcester and Middlesex Worcester and Norfolk Obsolete: Berkshire, Hampshire and Franklin, 3rd, Hampshire and Franklin, Middlesex and Essex, Middlesex, Suffolk and Essex, Suffolk and Norfolk, Worcester, Hampden, Hampshire and Franklin
Barnstable: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th Barnstable, Dukes and Nantucket Berkshire: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th Bristol: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th Essex: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th Franklin: 1st, 2nd Hampden: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th Hampshire: 1st, 2nd, 3rd Middlesex: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th, 26th, 27th, 28th, 29th, 10th, 31st, 32nd, 33rd, 34th, 35th, 36th, 37th Norfolk: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th Plymouth: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th Suffolk: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th Worcester: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th
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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 141880567 LCCN: n79055635 ISNI: 0000 0001 0806