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The Masoretes (Hebrew: בעלי המסורה‬ Ba'alei ha-Masora) were groups of Jewish
Jewish
scribe-scholars who worked between the 6th and 10th centuries CE,[1] based primarily in early medieval Palestine in the cities of Tiberias
Tiberias
and Jerusalem, as well as in Iraq (Babylonia). Each group compiled a system of pronunciation and grammatical guides in the form of diacritical notes on the external form of the biblical text in an attempt to standardize the pronunciation, paragraph and verse divisions and cantillation of the Jewish
Jewish
Bible, the Tanakh, for the worldwide Jewish
Jewish
community. The ben Asher family of Masoretes was largely responsible for the preservation and production of the Masoretic Text, although an alternate Masoretic text of the ben Naphtali Masoretes, which has around 875 differences from the ben Asher text,[2] existed. The halakhic authority Maimonides
Maimonides
endorsed the ben Asher as superior, although the Egyptian Jewish
Jewish
scholar, Saadya Gaon
Saadya Gaon
al-Fayyumi, had preferred the ben Naphtali system. It has been suggested that the ben Asher family and the majority of the Masoretes were Karaites.[3] However, Geoffrey Khan believes that the ben Asher family was probably not Karaite,[4] and Aron Dotan avers that there are "decisive proofs that M. Ben-Asher was not a Karaite."[5] The Masoretes devised the vowel notation system for Hebrew that is still widely used, as well as the trope symbols used for cantillation.

Contents

1 See also 2 References 3 Further reading 4 External links

See also[edit]

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References[edit]

^ Wegner, Paul (1999). The Journey From Texts to Translations. Baker Academic. p. 172. ISBN 978-0801027994.  ^ Louis Ginzberg, Caspar Levias, Ben Naphtali, Jewish Encyclopedia  ^ Jewish
Jewish
Virtual Library: Aaron ben Moses ben Asher ^ Khan, Geoffrey (2000). Early Karaite grammatical texts. Society of Biblical Literature. p. 52 ISBN 978-1589830004. cf. Khan, Geoffrey (1990). Karaite Bible Manuscripts from the Cairo Genizah. CUP Archive. p. 20 ISBN 978-0521392273. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica. Ed. Michael Berenbaum and Fred Skolnik. Vol. 3. 2nd ed. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007. p. 321.

Further reading[edit]

In the Beginning: A Short History of the Hebrew Language, Chapter 5. ISBN 0-8147-3654-8 The Text of the Old Testament. ISBN 0-8028-0788-7 Introduction to the Tiberian Masorah. ISBN 0-89130-374-X  Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, §2, §3

External links[edit]

Jewish
Jewish
Encyclopedia: Masorah The role of the Masoretes (PDF) Masorah, Encyclopedia Judaica

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