The Info List - Marwan Al-Shehhi

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Marwan Yousef Mohamed Rashid Lekrab al-Shehhi (Arabic: مروان يوسف محمد رشيد لكراب الشحي‎, Marwān Yūsuf Muḥammad Rashīd Lekrāb ash-Sheḥḥī, also transliterated as Alshehhi;[1] 9 May 1978[2] – 11 September 2001) was the hijacker-pilot of United Airlines Flight 175, crashing the plane into the South Tower of the World Trade Center as part of the September 11 attacks. Al-Shehhi was a student from the United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
who moved to Germany
in 1996 and soon became close friends with Mohamed Atta, Ziad Jarrah and Ramzi bin al-Shibh, forming the Hamburg
cell. Together, after pledging their lives to martyrdom, they became the leaders of the September 11 attacks. In late 1999, al-Shehhi, Atta, Jarrah, and bin al-Shibh traveled to terrorist training camps in Afghanistan
and met with Osama bin Laden
Osama bin Laden
who recruited the four Hamburg cell
Hamburg cell
members for the attacks in the United States. He arrived in the United States in May 2000, one month before Atta. They both trained in Florida
at Huffman Aviation, receiving their commercial pilot licenses in December 2000 from the FAA. Al-Shehhi spent his time making preparations for the attack itself, such as meeting with crucial planners abroad, assisting with the arrival of hijackers aboard the other flights, and travelling on surveillance flights determining details on how the hijacking would take place. On September 9, 2001, he traveled from Florida
to Boston, where he stayed at the Milner Hotel until September 11. After boarding United Airlines Flight 175
United Airlines Flight 175
at Logan International Airport, al-Shehhi and 4 other hijackers waited 30 minutes into the flight to make their attack, which then allowed al-Shehhi to take over control as pilot, and at 9:03 a.m., 17 minutes after Mohamed Atta
Mohamed Atta
crashed American Airlines Flight 11 into the North Tower, 23-year-old al-Shehhi crashed the Boeing 767 into the South Tower of the World Trade Center.[3] He was the youngest hijacker-pilot to participate in the attacks. The impact of the Boeing 767 operating as United 175 into the South Tower was seen live on television as it happened. 56 minutes later at 9:59 a.m., the 110-story skyscraper collapsed, killing hundreds of people, including around 900 office workers and first responders.


1 Early life 2 Radicalization 3 In the United States

3.1 Flight education and preparation 3.2 Travels in early 2001 3.3 August 2001

4 Attacks 5 See also 6 Notes 7 Sources 8 External links

Early life[edit]

This section relies largely or entirely on a single source. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources. (February 2015)

Al-Shehhi was born in Ras al-Khaimah, on 9 May 1978, in the United Arab Emirates, to a Muslim cleric who died in 1997. He was described as a quiet and devout Muslim. After graduating from high school in 1995, al-Shehhi enlisted in the Emirati military
Emirati military
and received a half a year of basic training before he was admitted into a military scholarship program that allowed him to continue his education in Germany. Upon arriving in Germany
in April 1996, al-Shehhi moved into an apartment, which he shared with three other scholarship students for two months before boarding with a local German family. Several months later, he moved into his own apartment. Those who knew him described al-Shehhi as a very religious and friendly individual who wore western clothes and sometimes rented cars for trips to Berlin, France, and the Netherlands.[citation needed] While in Germany, al-Shehhi enrolled in the University of Bonn
University of Bonn
after completing a German course. He left Germany
in June 1997 to attend to problems at home although the university forbade him. In early 1998, al-Shehhi transferred to the Technical University of Hamburg. A poor student, Marwan was directed by the Scholarship program administrators to repeat a semester of his studies back in Bonn beginning in August 1998. Al-Shehhi did not enroll back at Bonn until January 1999 and continued to struggle with his studies. By July 1999, Marwan returned to Hamburg
to study shipbuilding.[4] Radicalization[edit]

This section relies largely or entirely on a single source. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources. (February 2015)

After moving to Hamburg
in 1998, al-Shehhi helped form the Hamburg cell with Mohamed Atta
Mohamed Atta
and Ramzi bin al-Shibh. There, his views became more and more radical. They met three or four times a week to discuss anti-American feelings and plot possible attacks. When someone asked why he and Atta never laughed, al-Shehhi retorted, "How can you laugh when people are dying in Palestine?"[5] In October 1999 Marwan al-Shehhi
Marwan al-Shehhi
was filmed at Said Bahaji's wedding in Germany
with other 9/11 hijackers including Ziad Jarrah.[6] In late 1999, al-Shehhi, Atta, Ziad Jarrah, Said Bahaji, and Ramzi bin al-Shibh decided to travel to Chechnya
to fight against the Russians, but were convinced by Khalid al-Masri and Mohamedou Ould Slahi
Mohamedou Ould Slahi
at the last minute to change their plans. They instead traveled to Afghanistan
to meet with Osama bin Laden
Osama bin Laden
and trained for terrorist attacks. Immediately afterwards, Atta, al-Shehhi, and Jarrah reported their passports stolen, possibly to erase travel visas to Afghanistan. After their training, the hijackers began to attempt to hide their radicalism. al-Shehhi shaved his beard and seemed to his old friends like he had become less religious. After the attacks, a librarian in Hamburg
reported that al-Shehhi boasted to her "There will be thousands of dead. You will think of me ... You will see, in America something is going to happen. There will be many people killed."[7][8][9] Al-Shehhi returned to Germany
in March 2000, and began to learn to fly airplanes. Ammar al-Baluchi, one of the most important 9/11 financial organizers, bought a Boeing 747
Boeing 747
flight simulator program using al-Shehhi's credit card. Eventually they decided that German flight schools would not work for them, and they decided to train in the United States.[citation needed] In the United States[edit] Flight education and preparation[edit]

Shehhi's flight record from Huffman

Al-Shehhi was the first of the Hamburg
group to leave for the United States. He arrived in Newark, New Jersey
Newark, New Jersey
on 29 May 2000. Atta joined him the next month, and the two began to search for flight schools. Al-Shehhi posed as a body guard of Atta, who was also posing as a "Saudi Arabian royal family member" while the two of them took flying lessons in Venice, Florida. They logged hundreds of hours on a Boeing 727 flight simulator. They received their licenses by December 2000. Their expenses were paid for by Ali Abdul Aziz Ali. On either 26 or 27 December, Atta and Marwan abandoned a Piper Cherokee
Piper Cherokee
that had stalled on the runway of Miami International Airport. On 29 December, Atta and Marwan went to the Opa-Locka Airport and practiced on a Boeing 727 simulator. Al-Shehhi began to take "surveillance flights" in the summer of 2001, watching the operations of flight crews and making final preparations.[citation needed] Travels in early 2001[edit]

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Ziad Jarrah, Atta, and al-Shehhi, having progressed in their training, all took foreign trips during the holiday period of 2000-2001. When Atta returned to Florida, al-Shehhi left for Morocco, traveling to Casablanca
in mid-January 2001. al-Shehhi's family, concerned about not having heard from him, reported him missing to the UAE government. The UAE embassy in turn contacted the Hamburg
police and a UAE representative tried to find him in Germany, visiting mosques and al-Shehhi's last address in Hamburg. After learning that his family was looking for him, al-Shehhi telephoned them on 20 January and said he was living and studying in Hamburg. The UAE government then told the Hamburg
police they could call off the search. Atta and al-Shehhi both encountered some difficulty reentering the United States, on 10 January and 19 January, respectively. As neither had presented a student visa, both of them had to persuade INS inspectors that they should be admitted so that they could continue their flight training. Neither operative had any problem clearing customs. After returning to Florida
from their trips, Atta and al-Shehhi visited Georgia, staying briefly in Norcross and Decatur, and renting a single-engine plane to fly with an instructor in Lawrenceville. By 19 February, Atta and al-Shehhi were in Virginia. They had rented a mailbox in Virginia Beach, cashed a check, and then promptly returned to Georgia, staying in Stone Mountain. In mid-March, Ziad Jarrah
Ziad Jarrah
was in Georgia as well, staying in Decatur. At the end of the month, Jarrah left the United States
United States
again and visited Sengün in Germany
for two weeks. In early April, Atta and al-Shehhi returned to Virginia Beach and closed the mailbox they had opened in February. Atta and al-Shehhi returned to Virginia Beach from their travels in Georgia, making their way to a large Dar Al-Hijrah
Dar Al-Hijrah
mosque, sometime in early April. They were joined there by 9/11 hijackers Nawaf al-Hazmi and Hani Hanjour who had moved out of San Diego and Arizona after living in or visiting Abdussattar Shaikh's house, where Khalid al-Mihdhar also stayed. In January, the mosque had recently hired the same imam Anwar al-Awlaki
Anwar al-Awlaki
with whom Hazmi had spent time at the Rabat mosque in San Diego. He remembered Hazmi from San Diego but denied having contact with Hazmi or Hanjour in Virginia. Atta and al-Shehhi returned to Florida
and moved into an apartment in Coral Springs. Atta stayed in Florida, awaiting the arrival of the first muscle hijackers. Al-Shehhi, on the other hand, bought a ticket to Cairo and flew there from Miami on 18 April. Al-Shehhi met with Atta's father, who stated in a post-9/11 interview that al-Shehhi wanted to pick up Atta's international driver's license and some money. Al-Shehhi returned to Miami on 2 May. That day, Atta and Jarrah were together, about 30 miles to the north, visiting a Department of Motor Vehicles office in Lauderdale Lakes, Florida, to get Florida
driver's licenses. In mid-July 2001, some of the hijackers and members of the Hamburg cell
Hamburg cell
gathered near Salou, Spain, for a period of a few days up to a couple of weeks. Since hotel records are sparse during some of that time, it is thought that they may have spent considerable time in and around safe houses related to the al-Qaeda leader in Spain, Imad Yarkas. After 9/11, Spanish investigators followed the trails backwards, and the events they uncovered were chronicled in the Spanish nationwide newspaper El País. Witnesses told Spanish investigators they saw a man who resembled al-Shehhi on 17 July 2001 at the Universal Studios
Universal Studios
theme park next to Salou, Spain. The visitor, who was accompanied by two men, inquired about rides at the customer service counter. Witnesses indicated these companions resembled Ziad Jarrah, the later pilot on United Airlines Flight 93, and Said Bahaji, a then 26-year-old German-Moroccan member of the al-Qaeda cell in Hamburg. Back in Germany, it had been Bahaji's 1999 wedding during which al-Shehhi was filmed. Other witnesses elsewhere had pointed out Bahaji from photos, as one of the men they saw in Spain. But Bahaji bore a resemblance in appearance to Atta, who was traced to the same areas in Spain via hotel and travel records. August 2001[edit] On 23 August, the Israeli Mossad
reportedly gave al-Shehhi's name to the CIA
as part of a list of 19 names they said were planning an attack in the near future. Only four of the names are known for certain, including al-Shehhi; Nawaf al-Hazmi, Mohamed Atta, and Khalid al-Mihdhar.[10][11]

Shehhi's motel registration

On 26 August, Marwan signed into the Panther Motel
in Deerfield Beach, Florida, paying US$500, saying he wanted to stay until 2 September, and listing a Mailboxes Etc.
Mailboxes Etc.
as his permanent address. His register entry indicated that he was driving a blue Chevrolet Malibu, assumed to be the one rented by Atta two weeks prior, and manager Richard Surma said that he bent rules to allow Marwan to have another man as an overnight guest. On 28 August, Marwan went to the Miami International Airport, accompanied by an unknown man, where he purchased his ticket for Flight 175.[12] On 9 September, the motel manager, cleaning the room that al-Shehhi had vacated, found a bag containing a German/English dictionary, a protractor, flight manuals and local airport listings. Another employee later reported finding a box cutter.[citation needed] According to librarian Kathleen Hensmen, Wail al-Shehri
Wail al-Shehri
and Waleed al-Shehri used Internet access at Delray Beach Public Library in August 2001, where they may have been looking at information on crop dusting. They reportedly left the library with a third middle-eastern man, thought to be Marwan al-Shehhi, whom Hensmen claimed asked her for the name of a local restaurant. Staff at Shuckum's Oyster Pub and Seafood Grill in Hollywood, Florida
claimed they recognized both Atta and Marwan as two of the people who had been at the restaurant on either 7 or 8 September. While there are varying stories about Atta's activities, all sources indicate that al-Shehhi drank rum and coke while talking to the others. On 9 September, they flew to Boston. The next day, al-Shehhi and three of the other hijackers, Fayez Banihammad, Mohand al-Shehri, and Satam al-Suqami, shared a room at the Milner Hotel in Boston.[citation needed] Attacks[edit] Main article: United Airlines Flight 175

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Flight 175 crashes into the South Tower, 9:03 a.m.

According to the 9/11 Commission Report, al-Shehhi made a 3-minute call to Mohamed Atta
Mohamed Atta
(6:52-6:55 a.m.) on 11 September from within Logan International Airport
Logan International Airport
as both American 11 and United 175 were to fly from Boston
Logan to LAX. al-Shehhi boarded United 175 at 7:27 a.m. Around 30 minutes into the flight, between 8:42 and 8:46 a.m., the plane was hijacked. During the flight, the plane narrowly avoided a mid-air collision with another aircraft, Delta Airlines Flight 2315. Several calls were made from the plane to relatives, the passengers learning of the fate of American 11. The plane was flown into the South Tower of the World Trade Center at 9:03:02 a.m. The plane crashed with a speed of approximately 590 mph (950 km/h). The plane was carrying about 10,000 gallons (37,850 litres) of jet fuel. It was seen live on television around the world as it crashed into the South Tower, being filmed from multiple vantage points. al-Shehhi flew the plane faster and lower into the tower than Atta did, into the eastern half of the South Tower's southern facade close to the southeast corner, leading to the South Tower collapsing before the North Tower, which was the first to be hit. See also[edit]

PENTTBOM Hijackers in the September 11 attacks


^ Alternate forms of his name include Marwan Yusif Muhammad Rashid Al-Shehi, Marwan Yusif Muhammad Rashid Lakrab Al-Shihhi, and others. He was known to have used the alias Abu Abdullah. ^ "The 9/11 Commission Report" (PDF). p. 162. Retrieved 2016-09-13.  ^ "Flight Path Study - United Airlines Flight 175" (PDF). National Transportation Safety Board. Retrieved 11 September 2014.  ^ The 9/11 Commission Report
9/11 Commission Report
p. 179 ^ The 9/11 Commission Report, page 162. ^ "Wedding video shows Sept. 11 hijackers, plotters", usatoday.com, 5 May 2003. ^ "The Complete 9/11 Timeline: Cooperative Research". Cooperative Research. April-May 2000: Hijacker Tells Librarian About Major Attack in US. Archived from the original on October 1, 2006. Retrieved February 14, 2015.  ^ Butler, Desmond. "Germans Issue First Indictment in the 9/11 Plot", nytimes.com, 29 August 2002. ^ Bernstein, Richard. "On Path to the U.S. Skies, Plot Leader Met bin Laden", nytimes.com, 10 September 2002. ^ "Context of 'August 23, 2001: Mossad
Reportedly Gives CIA
List of Terrorist Living in US; at Least Four 9/11 Hijackers Named'". History Commons. August 23, 2001: Mossad
Reportedly Gives CIA
List of Terrorist Living in US; at Least Four 9/11 Hijackers Named. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007.  ^ "Report details US 'intelligence failures'", bbc.co.uk, 2 October 2002. ^ "Statement for the Record, FBI Director Robert S. Mueller III, Joint Intelligence Committee Inquiry", FAS.org, 26 September 2002.


Thompson, Paul. The Terror Timeline. ReganBooks, 2004. ISBN 0-06-078338-9. The 9/11 Commission Report. W.W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-32671-3.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Marwan al-Shehhi.

The Final 9/11 Commission Report

v t e

Hijackers in the September 11 attacks

American Airlines Flight 11

Mohamed Atta Satam al-Suqami Waleed al-Shehri Wail al-Shehri Abdulaziz al-Omari

United Airlines Flight 175

Marwan al-Shehhi Fayez Banihammad Mohand al-Shehri Hamza al-Ghamdi Ahmed al-Ghamdi

American Airlines Flight 77

Hani Hanjour Khalid al-Mihdhar Majed Moqed Nawaf al-Hazmi Salem al-Hazmi

United Airlines Flight 93

Ziad Jarrah Ahmed al-Nami Saeed al-Ghamdi Ahmed al-Haznawi

20th hijacker suspects

Ramzi bin al-Shibh Mohammed al-Qahtani Zacarias Moussaoui Mushabib al-Hamlan Zakariya Essabar Ammar al-Baluchi Walid bin Attash Khalid al-Zahrani Fawaz al-Nashimi Richard Reid Ali Abd al-Rahman al-Faqasi al-Ghamdi Abderraouf Jdey

Alleged militants in the War on Terror
War on Terror
who have lived in Germany

People listed in italics have died.

Alleged al-Qaeda / al-Jihad members

Mohammed Haydar Zammar Christian Ganczarski

Hamburg cell
Hamburg cell
(September 11 attacks)

Mohamed Atta Marwan al-Shehhi Ziad Jarrah Ramzi bin al-Shibh Said Bahaji Zakariya Essabar Mounir el-Motassadeq

Held in Guantanamo Bay

Murat Kurnaz Ramzi bin al-Shibh

Wrongly accused

Murat Kurnaz Khalid El-Masri Gholam Ghaus Z. Abdelghani Mzoudi

2006 train-bombing plot

Youssef Mohamad El Hajdib Jihad Hamad

2007 bomb plot

Fritz Gelowicz Daniel Schneider Adem Yilmaz

1 Currently imprisoned.   2 Released after serving sentence.

v t e

Alleged militants in the War on Terror
War on Terror
who have lived in United States

People listed in italics have died.

September 11 attacks

Khalid Sheikh Mohammed1 Mohamed Atta Satam al-Suqami Waleed al-Shehri Wail al-Shehri Abdulaziz al-Omari Marwan al-Shehhi Fayez Banihammad Mohand al-Shehri Hamza al-Ghamdi Ahmed al-Ghamdi Hani Hanjour Khalid al-Mihdhar Majed Moqed Nawaf al-Hazmi Salem al-Hazmi Ziad Jarrah Ahmed al-Nami Saeed al-Ghamdi Ahmed al-Haznawi

Buffalo Six

Sahim Alwan2 Mukhtar al-Bakri2 Kamal Derwish Jaber A. Elbaneh Faysal Galab2 Yahya Goba2 Shafal Mosed2 Yaseinn Taher2


Sami Al-Arian2 Anwar al-Awlaki Adam Yahiye Gadahn Wadih el-Hage1 Ziyad Khaleel Khaled Abu el-Dahab Ali Mohamed1 Zacarias Moussaoui1 Aafia Siddiqui1 Bryant Neal Vinas1 Najibullah Zazi1

cab drivers

Mohamad Elzahabi2 Nabil al-Marabh2 Raed Hijazi1 Bassam Kanj

Portland Seven

Jeffrey Battle1 Ahmed Bilal2 Muhammad Ibrahim Bilal2 Patrice Lumumba Ford1 Mike Hawash2 October Lewis2 Habis Abdulla al Saoub

Arrested in 2005 and convicted

Abdulrahman Farhane1 Mahmud al-Mutazzim1 Rafiq Abdus Sabir1 Tarik Shah1

Liberty City Seven

Patrick Abraham1 Burson Augustin1 Rotschild Augustine1 Narseal Batiste1 Stanley Phanor1

2007 Fort Dix plot

Agron Abdullahu2 Dritan Duka1 Eljvir Duka1 Shain Duka1 Mohamad Ibrahim Shnewer1 Serdar Tatar1

D.C. Five

Umer Farooq1 Waqar Khan1 Ahmed Abdullah Minni1 Aman Hassan Yasir1 Ramy Zamzam1

Held at Guantanamo Bay

Majid Khan Khalid Sheikh Mohammed


Shirwa Ahmed Mohamed Mahmood Alessa / Carlos Eduardo Almonte1 Daniel Patrick Boyd1 / Raleigh jihad group1 Sayed Malike1 Adnan Gulshair el Shukrijumah

Currently imprisoned

Nuradin Abdi Ahmed Omar Abu Ali Farooque Ahmed Iyman Faris Rezwan Ferdaus Michael Finton Joshua Ryne Goldberg Nidal Hasan David Headley John Walker Lindh Daniel Maldonado José Padilla Tahawwur Hussain Rana Michael Curtis Reynolds Faisal Shahzad Hosam Maher Husein Smadi Ali al-Tamimi

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1 Currently imprisoned.   2 Released after