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James Martin Pacelli McGuinness (Irish: Séamus Máirtín Pacelli Mag Aonghusa;[1] 23 May 1950 – 21 March 2017) was an Irish republican and Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
politician who was the deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
from May 2007 to January 2017.[2] A former Provisional Irish Republican Army
Provisional Irish Republican Army
(IRA) leader, McGuinness was the MP for Mid Ulster from 1997 until his resignation in 2013.[3][4] Like all Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
MPs, McGuinness practised abstentionism in relation to the Westminster Parliament. Following the St Andrews Agreement
St Andrews Agreement
and the Assembly election in 2007, as Sinn Féin's political leader in the North, he became deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
on 8 May 2007, with the Democratic Unionist Party
Democratic Unionist Party
(DUP) leader Ian Paisley becoming First Minister. On 5 June 2008 he was re-appointed as deputy First Minister to serve alongside Peter Robinson, who succeeded Paisley as First Minister.[5] McGuinness previously served as Minister of Education in the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Executive between 1999 and 2002. He was Sinn Féin's candidate for President of Ireland
President of Ireland
in the 2011 election.[6][7][8] Working alongside US Special
Special
Envoy George Mitchell, McGuinness was also one of the main architects of the Good Friday Agreement
Good Friday Agreement
which formally cemented the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
peace process.[9] On 9 January 2017, McGuinness resigned as deputy First Minister in a protest over the Renewable Heat Incentive scandal.[10] He announced on 19 January that he would not be standing for re-election to the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly in the 2 March 2017 election due to ill health. He reportedly suffered from amyloidosis, a condition that attacks the vital organs, and retired shortly before his death on 21 March 2017, aged 66.[11][12]

Contents

1 Provisional IRA
Provisional IRA
activity 2 Chief negotiator and Minister of Education 3 St Andrews Agreement
St Andrews Agreement
and deputy First Minister 4 2011 Irish presidential campaign 5 Resignation from the House of Commons 6 Resignation as deputy First Minister 7 Personal life 8 Health concerns and death 9 See also 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links

Provisional IRA
Provisional IRA
activity[edit] McGuinness acknowledged that he was a former IRA member, but stated that he left the IRA in 1974.[13] He originally joined the Official IRA, unaware of the split at the December 1969 Army Convention, switching to the Provisional IRA
Provisional IRA
soon after. By the start of 1972, at the age of 21, he was second-in-command of the IRA in Derry, a position he held at the time of Bloody Sunday, when 14 civil rights protesters were killed in the city by soldiers of the 1st Battalion, Parachute Regiment.[14][15] During the Saville Inquiry
Saville Inquiry
into the events of that day, Paddy Ward stated he had been the leader of the Fianna, the youth wing of the IRA at the time of Bloody Sunday. He said that McGuinness and an anonymous IRA member gave him bomb parts that morning. He said that his organisation intended to attack city centre premises in Derry
Derry
on the same day. In response, McGuinness said the statements were "fantasy", while Gearóid Ó hEára (formerly Gerry O'Hara), a Derry
Derry
Sinn Féin councillor, stated that he and not Ward was the Fianna leader at the time.[16] The inquiry concluded that, although McGuinness was "engaged in paramilitary activity" at the time of Bloody Sunday and had probably been armed with a Thompson submachine gun, there was insufficient evidence to make any finding other than they were "sure that he did not engage in any activity that provided any of the soldiers with any justification for opening fire".[17] McGuinness negotiated alongside Gerry Adams
Gerry Adams
with the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Willie Whitelaw, in 1972. In 1973, he was convicted by the Republic of Ireland's Special
Special
Criminal Court, after being arrested near a car containing 250 pounds (110 kg) of explosives and nearly 5,000 rounds of ammunition. He refused to recognise the court, and was sentenced to six months' imprisonment. In court, he declared his membership of the Provisional IRA
Provisional IRA
without equivocation: "We have fought against the killing of our people... I am a member of Óglaigh na hÉireann and very, very proud of it".[18] After his release, and another conviction in the Republic of Ireland for IRA membership, he became increasingly prominent in Sinn Féin, the political wing of the republican movement. He was in indirect contact with British intelligence during the 1981 hunger strikes, and again in the early 1990s.[19] He was elected to the Northern Ireland Assembly at Stormont in 1982, representing Londonderry. He was the second candidate elected after John Hume. As with all elected members of Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
and the SDLP, he did not take up his seat.[20] On 9 December 1982, McGuinness, Gerry Adams
Gerry Adams
and Danny Morrison were banned from entering Great Britain under the Prevention of Terrorism Act by the Home Secretary, William Whitelaw.[21] In August 1993, he was the subject of a two-part special by The Cook Report, a Central TV investigative documentary series presented by Roger Cook. It accused him of continuing involvement in IRA activity, of attending an interrogation and of encouraging Frank Hegarty, an informer, to return to Derry
Derry
from a safe house in England. Hegarty's mother Rose appeared on the programme to tell of telephone calls to McGuinness and of Hegarty's subsequent execution. McGuinness denied her account and denounced the programme saying "I have never been in the IRA. I don't have any sway over the IRA".[22] In 2005, Michael McDowell, the Irish Tánaiste, stated McGuinness, along with Gerry Adams
Gerry Adams
and Martin Ferris, were members of the seven-man IRA Army Council.[23] McGuinness denied this, saying he was no longer an IRA member. Experienced Troubles journalist Peter Taylor presented further apparent evidence of McGuinness's role in the IRA in his documentary Age of Terror, shown in April 2008.[24] In his documentary, Taylor alleges that McGuinness was the head of the IRA's Northern Command and had advance knowledge of the IRA's 1987 Enniskillen bombing, which left 11 civilians dead.[25] Chief negotiator and Minister of Education[edit] He became Sinn Féin's chief negotiator in the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
peace process negotiations which led to the Good Friday Agreement. At the time of his death, former US President Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
noted that McGuinness was the one who personally oversaw the Agreement's arms decommissioning phase.[26] Former British Prime Minister Tony Blair also acknowledged the leading role which McGuinness had in ensuring the Agreement would be enforced.[27] He was elected to the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Forum in 1996 representing Foyle. Having contested Foyle unsuccessfully at the 1983, 1987 and 1992 Westminster elections,[28][29][30] he became MP for Mid Ulster in 1997 and after the Agreement was concluded, was returned as a member of the Assembly for the same constituency, and nominated by his party for a ministerial position in the power-sharing executive, where he became Minister of Education. One of his controversial acts as Minister of Education was his decision to scrap the 11-plus exam, which he had failed as a child.[31] He was re-elected to the Westminster Parliament in 2001, 2005 and 2010. In May 2003, transcripts of telephone calls between McGuinness and British officials including Mo Mowlam, the then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, and Jonathan Powell, Tony Blair's Chief of Staff, were published in a biography of McGuinness entitled From Guns to Government by Kathryn Johnston and Liam Clarke. The tapes had been made by MI5
MI5
and the authors of the book were arrested under the Official Secrets Act. The conversations showed an easy and friendly relationship between McGuinness and Powell. He joked with Powell about unionist MPs while Mowlam referred to him as "babe" and discussed her difficulties with Blair. In another transcript, he praised Bill Clinton to Gerry Adams.[32] St Andrews Agreement
St Andrews Agreement
and deputy First Minister[edit]

McGuinness, Ian Paisley, and Scottish First Minister Alex Salmond
Alex Salmond
in 2008

United States President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
with Peter Robinson and McGuinness in March 2009

In the weeks following the St Andrews Agreement, the four biggest parties—the DUP, Sinn Féin, the UUP and the SDLP—indicated their choice of ministries in the Executive and nominated members to fill them. The Assembly convened on 8 May 2007 and Paisley and McGuinness were nominated as First Minister and deputy First Minister respectively. On 12 May Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
agreed to take up three places on the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Policing Board, and nominated three MLAs to take them.[33][34] On 8 December 2007, while visiting President of the United States George W. Bush
George W. Bush
in the White House
White House
with the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
First Minister Ian Paisley, McGuinness said to the press, "Up until the 26 March this year, Ian Paisley
Ian Paisley
and I never had a conversation about anything—not even about the weather—and now we have worked very closely together over the last seven months and there's been no angry words between us.... This shows we are set for a new course."[35][36] 2011 Irish presidential campaign[edit] Main article: Irish presidential election, 2011 On 16 September 2011 McGuinness was announced as the Sinn Féin candidate in the 2011 Irish presidential election.[37][38] In the election held on 27 October, McGuinness placed third in the first preference vote, behind Michael D. Higgins
Michael D. Higgins
and Seán Gallagher.[39] McGuinness was the only candidate ineligible to vote in the election as, although an Irish citizen, he was not ordinarily resident in the Republic of Ireland.[40] Following his defeat, McGuinness formally returned to the role of deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
on 31 October.[41] Resignation from the House of Commons[edit] On 30 December 2012 McGuinness announced that he had formally resigned as the MP for Mid-Ulster stating "I have served formal notice of my resignation from the position of MP for Mid-Ulster with immediate effect. This is in line with my party's commitment to end double jobbing."[42] To do this, he was made Steward of the Manor of Northstead on 2 January 2013 by Chancellor George Osborne, making him an employee of the Crown and thus ineligible for membership of the House of Commons.[43][44] Resignation as deputy First Minister[edit] Main article: Renewable Heat Incentive scandal

Michelle O'Neill
Michelle O'Neill
replaced McGuinness as Sinn Féin's leader in the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly in January 2017

In November 2016, a scandal came to light surrounding the Renewable Heat Incentive (or "Cash for Ash"), an energy incentive championed by Arlene Foster
Arlene Foster
when she was Minister for Enterprise, Trade, and Incentives in 2012. The incentive would cost the Northern Ireland Executive £480m over 20 years, and was marred by allegations of fraud, which were not acknowledged or acted upon by Foster or the DUP.[45] McGuinness and others in Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
called for Foster (now First Minister) to step aside to allow for independent inquiries, but Foster refused.[46][47] Foster made a statement before the Assembly on 19 December without McGuinness' approval (as required under the power-sharing agreement), resulting in Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
and the opposition parties all walking out of the Assembly.[48] Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
President Gerry Adams
Gerry Adams
indicated on 8 January 2017 that McGuinness could resign, thus vacating both his and Foster's offices, if Foster did not agree to temporarily step aside to allow an independent inquiry.[49] McGuinness resigned the following day; in his statements to the press, he said "Today is the right time to call a halt to the DUP's arrogance", and said that Foster had a "clear conflict of interest" in the affair.[10] Another reason cited for his resignation was the decision by DUP Minister for Communities Paul Givan to remove £50,000 in funding from the Liofa Gaeltacht Bursary scheme, a yearly programme that allowed 100 school-age children to travel to the Donegal Gaeltacht to learn the Irish language.[50] Sinn Féin refused to nominate a successor to McGuinness before 16 January, resulting in the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, James Brokenshire, calling for new elections scheduled for 2 March.[51] McGuinness subsequently announced that he would not run for re-election, due to ill health.[52] Personal life[edit] One of McGuinness's middle names, Pacelli, is after Pope Pius XII (Eugenio Pacelli).[53] McGuinness attended first St. Eugene's Primary School and later the Christian Brothers technical college, leaving school at the age of 15.[54] McGuinness married Bernadette Canning in 1974; they had four children, two girls and two boys.[55] He was a fan of the Derry
Derry
Gaelic football and hurling teams[56] and played both sports when he was younger.[56] He grew up just 50 metres from Celtic Park, the home of Derry's Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA).[56] His older brother Tom[56] played Gaelic football
Gaelic football
for Derry
Derry
and is regarded as one of the county's best ever players.[57] He had three Ulster Senior Football Championship medals, as well as Ulster Under 21 and All-Ireland Under 21 Championship medals.[58] He supported Derry
Derry
City F.C. where his younger brother Paul played for the Candystripes.[59] McGuinness supported Manchester United from the age of eight.[60] McGuinness also had an interest in cricket – sometimes extending his support to the England cricket team, as well as that of Ireland.[61] Health concerns and death[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Funeral of Martin McGuinness.

The funeral procession of McGuinness. Coffin bearers include Gerry Adams, Michelle O'Neill
Michelle O'Neill
and Mary Lou McDonald

McGuinness was a member of the Pioneer Total Abstinence Association, which meant that he did not drink alcohol.[62] In December 2016, McGuinness was advised against making a planned visit to China on medical grounds,[52] initially announcing that this was due to "unforeseen personal circumstances".[63] After subsequent tests, he was told that he was suffering from "a very serious illness".[52] McGuinness and Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
declined to give details of his illness to the media.[64] In January 2017, The Irish Times disclosed that McGuinness was suffering from amyloidosis, a rare incurable disease that affects organs. McGuinness complained that the Times had breached his privacy.[65] On 6 March 2017 McGuinness was hospitalised at Derry's Altnagelvin Area Hospital due to ill health.[66] He died on 21 March, at the age of 66.[67][68][69] See also[edit]

Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
peace process Operation Taurus

References[edit]

^ "Ag cur Gaeilge ar ais i mbéal an phobail – Fórógra Shinn Féin do na Toghcháin Westminster" (Press release) (in Irish). Sinn Féin press release. 22 April 2005. Retrieved 21 March 2017.  ^ About the Department Archived 22 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Office of the First Minister and deputy First Minister. ^ "Profile: Martin McGuinness". News.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-05-04.  ^ " Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
resigns as MP for Mid-Ulster". Rte.ie. 2012-12-30. Retrieved 2017-05-04.  ^ "Robinson is new NI first minister", BBC News, 5 June 2008. Retrieved 5 June 2008 ^ " Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
set to be SF Áras candidate". Raidió Teilifís Éireann. 16 September 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2011.  ^ GrabOne daily deals (18 September 2011). "McGuinness: My pay will be €35k, I'll be people's president". The Irish Independent. Retrieved 28 September 2011.  ^ Simpson, Mark (17 September 2011). "Martin McGuinness: Paramilitary to politician to president?". BBC. Retrieved 28 September 2011.  ^ "Former US President Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
pays tribute to 'courageous' Martin McGuinness". The Irish Post. Retrieved 2017-05-04.  ^ a b " Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
resigns as NI deputy first minister". BBC News. 9 January 2017. Retrieved 9 January 2017.  ^ Henry McDonald. " Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
quits politics to recover from serious illness Politics". The Guardian. Retrieved 2017-03-06.  ^ "Sinn Féin's Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
dies aged 66". BBC.  ^ Henry McDonald IRA victim's brother says Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
has blood on his hands The Guardian
The Guardian
12 October 2011 ^ " BBC News
BBC News
– NORTHERN IRELAND – McGuinness confirms IRA role". New.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-05-04.  ^ "CAIN: [Widgery Report] Report of the Tribunal appointed to inquire into events on Sunday, 30 January 1972". ulst.ac.uk.  ^ John Innes, "McGuinness is named as bomb runner", The Scotsman, 21 October 2003. ^ "Report of The Bloody Sunday Inquiry – Volume I – Chapter 3". Bloody Sunday Inquiry. 15 June 2010. Archived from the original on 24 August 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2010. 3.119 in the course of investigating the activities of the Provisional and Official IRA
Official IRA
on the day, we considered at some length allegations that Martin McGuinness, at that time the Adjutant of the Derry
Derry
Brigade or Command of the Provisional IRA, had engaged in paramilitary activity during the day. In the end we were left in some doubt as to his movements on the day. Before the soldiers of Support Company went into the Bogside he was probably armed with a Thompson sub-machine gun, and though it is possible that he fired this weapon, there is insufficient evidence to make any finding on this, save that we are sure that he did not engage in any activity that provided any of the soldiers with any justification for opening fire.  ^ Taylor, Peter (1997). Provos The IRA & Sinn Féin. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 152–53. ISBN 0-7475-3818-2.  ^ "Setting the Record Straight Sinn Féin". Sinnfein.ie. Retrieved 2017-05-04.  ^ Martin McGuinness: From Guns to Government by Liam Clarke and Kathryn Johnston (ISBN 1-84018-725-5), pages 152–153 ^ Martin McGuinness: From Guns to Government by Liam Clarke and Kathryn Johnston (ISBN 1-84018-725-5), page 155 ^ Martin McGuinness: From Guns to Government by Liam Clarke and Kathryn Johnston (ISBN 1-84018-725-5), page 222 ^ Harding, Thomas (21 February 2005). "Adams and McGuinness named as IRA leaders". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 9 May 2012.  ^ Age of Terror, BBC News, 21 April 2008 ^ "BBC NEWS – UK – Who knew about Enniskillen plans?". News.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-05-04.  ^ "Statement from President Clinton on the Passing of Martin McGuinness". Clintonfoundation.org. Retrieved 2017-05-04.  ^ " Tony Blair
Tony Blair
on Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
- Good Friday Agreement
Good Friday Agreement
could never have been achieved 'without Martin's leadership and courage'". Derrynow.com. Retrieved 2017-05-04.  ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.  ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.  ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.  ^ McGuinness: Let's work together BBC News, 4 December 1999 ^ " Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
Wiretap Transcripts". Cryptome.org. Retrieved 28 September 2011.  ^ Wilford, Rick; Wilson, Robin. "Devolution Monitoring Programme 2006–08" (PDF). Queens University Belfast. Retrieved 21 March 2017.  ^ Lansford, Tom (2012). Political Handbook of the World 2012. SAGE. pp. 1138–1139. ISBN 978-1-6087-1995-2.  ^ Paisley and McGuinness in US trip BBC News, 3 December 2007 ^ Martina Purdy 'Charming' ministers woo president BBC News, 8 December 2007 ^ McDonald, Henry (16 September 2011). " Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
to run for Irish presidency". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 16 September 2011.  ^ " Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
to run for president of Ireland". The Daily Telegraph. London. 17 September 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2011.  ^ [1][dead link] ^ "McGuinness unable to vote for himself". Irish Independent. 28 October 2011.  ^ " Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
returns as deputy first minister". BBC News. 31 October 2011.  ^ "Sinn Fein's Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
resigns as Mid-Ulster MP", BBC News ^ "McGuinness awarded British title". The Irish Times.  ^ "Manor of Northstead". HM Treasury. 2 January 2013. Retrieved 31 March 2013.  ^ Macauley, Conor (9 November 2016). "Renewable Heat Incentive scheme: Whistleblower 'ignored' after reporting abuse claims". BBC News.  ^ " Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
to table motion calling on Northern Irish First Minister to stand aside". newstalk.com.  ^ "RHI scandal: Foster rejects Sinn Fein proposal to step aside during probe". Newsletter.co.uk.  ^ Gordon, Gareth (20 December 2016). "Robin Newton: 'Concerns recognised' over RHI statement". BBC News.  ^ "RHI scandal: Gerry Adams
Gerry Adams
says Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
will act over fiasco". BBC News. 8 January 2017.  ^ " Irish language
Irish language
bursary funding 'found' says Paul Givan". BBC News. 12 January 2017.  ^ "Elections to be held in NI on 2 March". BBC News. 16 January 2017.  ^ a b c Dominiczak, Peter (19 January 2017). "Sinn Fein's Martin McGuinness says 'very serious illness' has forced him to quit frontline politics". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 19 January 2017.  ^ "Obituary: Martin McGuinness". BBC News. 21 March 2017. Retrieved 21 March 2017.  ^ Woodward, Will (13 February 2001). "McGuinness strives for top marks". Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 5 December 2016.  ^ Hardliners vent their fury at Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
The Guardian, 14 March 2009 ^ a b c d McGuinness, Martin (26 August 2001). "Fanzone – Martin McGuinness". Irish Independent. Retrieved 6 August 2009.  ^ "Ulster's 125 – Derry
Derry
shortlist". The Irish News. 10 February 2009. Retrieved 7 April 2009.  ^ " Derry
Derry
Greats – Tom McGuinness". Red Hand View – Tyrone vs Derry (National League Division 1 Round 6 programme). A-Star Design. 28 March 2009.  ^ "My team". The Guardian. London, UK. Archived from the original on 9 December 2007.  ^ "Martin McGuinness: I brought Ulster luck in the '99 Euro final". The Belfast Telegraph.  ^ Kingsley, Patrick (25 January 2012). "Martin McGuinness: How I fell in love with cricket". The Guardian. London.  ^ Martin McGuinness: From Guns to Government by Liam Clarke and Kathryn Johnston (ISBN 1-84018-725-5) ^ " Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
pulls out of China trip". 3 December 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2017.  ^ "SF silent on McGuinness' illness". Newsletter. 21 December 2016. Retrieved 19 January 2017.  ^ " Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
slams Irish Times for revealing medical diagnosis". IrishCentral. 13 January 2017. Retrieved 16 January 2017.  ^ "Martin McGuinness: Former Northern Irish First Minister seriously ill in hospital". The Independent. 6 March 2017. Retrieved 20 March 2017.  ^ "Sinn Féin's Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
dies aged 66". BBC. Retrieved 21 March 2017.  ^ "Death announced of Martin McGuinness". Raidió Teilifís Éireann. 21 March 2017. Retrieved 21 March 2017.  ^ "'McGuinness's refusal to live in past is a great lesson for us all' - Clinton leads the tributes". Irish Independent. 22 March 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

Clarke, Johnston; Clarke, Liam. (2003). Martin McGuinness: From Guns to Government. Mainstream. ISBN 978-1-84018-725-0

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Martin McGuinness.

Official website Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
profile

Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom Contributions in Parliament at Hansard
Hansard
2010–present Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou Profile at Westminster Parliamentary Record Articles authored at Journalisted " Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
collected news and commentary". The Guardian. 

30 May 1972: Official IRA
Official IRA
declares ceasefire. A young Martin McGuinness gives the Provisional IRA's reaction – VIDEO Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
interviewed by James Macintyre on NewStatesman McGuinness’ Record As IRA Chief Of Staff

Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly (1982)

New assembly Member of the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
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Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Forum

New forum Member of the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Forum for Foyle 1996–1998 Forum abolished

Parliament of the United Kingdom

Preceded by William McCrea Member of Parliament for Mid Ulster 1997–2013 Succeeded by Francie Molloy

Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly

New assembly Member of the Legislative Assembly for Mid Ulster 1999–2016 Succeeded by Linda Dillon

Preceded by Maeve McLaughlin Member of the Legislative Assembly for Foyle 2016–2017 Succeeded by Elisha McCallion

Political offices

New office Minister of Education 1999–2002 Vacant Office suspended Title next held by Caitríona Ruane

Vacant Office suspended Title last held by Mark Durkan deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland 2007–2017 Vacant Office suspended

Party political offices

Preceded by Gerry Adams Leader of Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
in Northern Ireland 2007–2017 Succeeded by Michelle O'Neill

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/ Seamus Mallon David Trimble
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Peter Hain
(acting) Ian Paisley
Ian Paisley
/ Martin McGuinness Peter Robinson / Martin McGuinness Arlene Foster
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/ Martin McGuinness

v t e

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History of Sinn Féin

Abstentionism

Armalite and ballot box strategy Clann na hÉireann Cumann na nGaedheal (1900) Comhairle na dTeachtaí Éire Nua Election results Fianna Fáil Fine Gael Gaelic American German Plot Provisional IRA Sinn Féin
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Printing & Publishing Company Republican News Republican Sinn Féin United Irishman Willie O'Dea affidavit incident Workers' Party of Ireland 32 County Sovereignty Movement

Leadership

Presidents

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Arthur Griffith
(1911–17) Éamon de Valera
Éamon de Valera
(1917–26) John J. O'Kelly (Sceilg) (1926–31) Brian O'Higgins
Brian O'Higgins
(1931–33) Michael O'Flanagan (1933–35) Cathal Ó Murchadha (1935–37) Margaret Buckley (1937–50) Paddy McLogan (1950–52) Tomás Ó Dubhghaill (1952–54) Paddy McLogan (1954–62) Tomás Mac Giolla
Tomás Mac Giolla
(1962–70) Ruairí Ó Brádaigh
Ruairí Ó Brádaigh
(1970–83) Gerry Adams
Gerry Adams
(1983–2018) Mary Lou McDonald (2018–present)

Vice presidents

John Sweetman (1905–07) Arthur Griffith
Arthur Griffith
(1905–08; 1917–22) Bulmer Hobson
Bulmer Hobson
(1907–10) Jennie Wyse Power (1911–) Thomas Kelly (1911–) Fr. Michael O'Flanagan (1917–23) P. J. Ruttledge (1923–26) Mary MacSwiney John Madden John J. O'Kelly (1931-33) Margaret Buckley (1933–35; 1952–60) Liam Raul (1933-37) Tom Maguire
Tom Maguire
(1935-37) Seamus Mitchell Padraig de Paor Criostóir O'Neill Michael Traynor (1950–54; 1962) Tomás Ó Dubhghaill (1950–52; 1954–62) Tony Magan (1960–62) Rory O'Driscoll (1962–63) Larry Grogan (1962–69; 1970–71) Seán Caughey (1963–65) Joe Clarke (1966–72) Cathal Goulding (1969–70) Dáithí Ó Conaill
Dáithí Ó Conaill
(1971–78; 1978–83) Máire Drumm
Máire Drumm
(1972–76) Joe Cahill (1976–78) Gerry Adams
Gerry Adams
(1978–83) Phil Flynn (1983–85) John Joe McGirl (1985–88) Pat Doherty (1988–2009) Mary Lou McDonald (2009–2018) Michelle O'Neill
Michelle O'Neill
(2018–present)

Seanad leaders

Pearse Doherty (2007–10) David Cullinane
David Cullinane
(2011–16) Rose Conway-Walsh
Rose Conway-Walsh
(2016–)

Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
leaders

Gerry Adams
Gerry Adams
(1998–2007) Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
(2007–17) Michelle O'Neill
Michelle O'Neill
(2017–)

Chairpersons

Seán MacManus (1984–90) Tom Hartley (1990–96) Mitchel McLaughlin
Mitchel McLaughlin
(1996–2005) Mary Lou McDonald (2005–09) Declan Kearney
Declan Kearney
(2009–)

General secretaries

Joe Cahill Cathleen Knowles Tom Hartley (1984–86) Joe Reilly (1986–88) Lucilita Bhreatnach (1988–2003) Mitchel McLaughlin
Mitchel McLaughlin
(2003–07) Rita O'Hare
Rita O'Hare
(2007–09) Dawn Doyle
Dawn Doyle
(2009–)

Directors of publicity

Seán Ó Brádaigh (1960–79) Danny Morrison (1979–90) Rita O'Hare
Rita O'Hare
(1990–98) Dawn Doyle
Dawn Doyle
(1998–2008) Rosaleen Doherty (2008–)

Party structures

Leader of Sinn Féin Ardfheis Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
Front Bench Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
Republican Youth An Phoblacht Friends of Sinn Féin

Presidential candidates

Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
(2011)

Elected representatives

Dáil Éireann

Gerry Adams John Brady Pat Buckley Seán Crowe David Cullinane Pearse Doherty Dessie Ellis Martin Ferris Kathleen Funchion Martin Kenny Mary Lou McDonald Denise Mitchell Imelda Munster Carol Nolan Jonathan O'Brien Eoin Ó Broin Caoimhghín Ó Caoláin Donnchadh Ó Laoghaire Louise O'Reilly Aengus Ó Snodaigh Maurice Quinlivan Brian Stanley Peadar Tóibín

Seanad Éireann

Rose Conway-Walsh Máire Devine Paul Gavan Pádraig Mac Lochlainn Niall Ó Donnghaile Fintan Warfield

European Parliament

Martina Anderson Lynn Boylan Matt Carthy Liadh Ní Riada

Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly

Caoimhe Archibald Cathal Boylan Michaela Boyle Linda Dillon Jemma Dolan Sinéad Ennis Megan Fearon Órlaithí Flynn Colm Gildernew Declan Kearney Catherine Kelly Gerry Kelly Seán Lynch Alex Maskey Declan McAleer Raymond McCartney Fra McCann Philip McGuigan Ian Milne Karen Mullan Conor Murphy Carál Ní Chuilín John O'Dowd Máirtín Ó Muilleoir Michelle O'Neill Emma Rogan Pat Sheehan

House of Commons (Abstentionist)

Mickey Brady Michelle Gildernew Chris Hazzard Paul Maskey Elisha McCallion Barry McElduff Francie Molloy

Lists

List of current Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
elected representatives

Alliances

European United Left–Nordic Green Left

v t e

Provisional Irish Republican Army

General

Anti-Treaty IRA Sinn Féin Republican News An Phoblacht The Green Book The Troubles
The Troubles
(Timeline) Haughey arms crisis Officials-Provisionals split Provisional IRA
Provisional IRA
campaign Arms importation Disappeared Mountjoy Prison helicopter escape Blanket protest Dirty protest HM Prison Maze Anti H-Block 1981 Irish hunger strike Maze Prison escape Armalite and ballot box strategy Smithwick Tribunal Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
peace process North American arrests Barrack buster Good Friday Agreement

Organisation

IRA Army Council Internal Security Unit Active Service Unit (ASU) Provisional IRA
Provisional IRA
Belfast Brigade Provisional IRA
Provisional IRA
Derry
Derry
Brigade Provisional IRA
Provisional IRA
South Armagh Brigade Provisional IRA
Provisional IRA
East Tyrone Brigade Provisional IRA
Provisional IRA
Balcombe Street Gang ASU

Attacks

Insurgency, 1969–1977

Battle of St Matthew's 1970 RUC booby-trap bombing Scottish soldiers' killings Balmoral showroom bombing Abercorn bombing Donegall St bombing Battle at Springmartin Bloody Friday Claudy bombing Coleraine bombings M62 coach bombing Guildford pub bombings Brook's Club bomb attack British Airways bombing attempt Birmingham pub bombings Bayardo Bar attack Caterham Arms pub bombing London Hilton bombing Green Park tube station bombing Scott's Oyster Bar bombing Walton's Restaurant bombing Drummuckavall ambush Balcombe Street siege Kingsmill massacre

Long War, 1977–1988

1978 Lisnamuck shoot-out Jonesboro Gazelle downing La Mon restaurant bombing 1978 Crossmaglen Ambush Warrenpoint ambush Dunmurry train explosion Lough Foyle attacks Chelsea Barracks bombing Hyde Park and Regent's Park bombings Harrods bombing Woolwich barracks Brighton hotel bombing Ballygawley land mine attack Newry mortar attack Ballygawley attack The Birches attack JHQ Rheindahlen bombing (Germany)

Peace Process, 1988–1998

Corporals killings Lisburn van bombing 1988 Netherlands Attacks Inglis Barracks Ballygawley bus bombing Jonesborough ambush Deal barracks bombing Derryard attack Derrygorry Gazelle downing RFA Fort Victoria bombing Proxy bombings Downing St mortar attack Mullacreevie ambush Glenanne barracks bombing Teebane bombing Cloghoge attack 1992 Manchester bombing South Armagh sniper campaign Warrington bomb attacks Cullaville occupation Bishopsgate bombing Battle of Newry Road Shankill Road bombing Crossmaglen Lynx downing Drumcree conflict Docklands bombing 1996 Manchester bombing Osnabrück mortar attack Thiepval barracks bombing Coalisland attack July 1997 riots

Chiefs of Staff

Seán Mac Stíofáin (1969–72) Joe Cahill (1972–73) Seamus Twomey (1973) Éamonn O'Doherty (1973–74) Seamus Twomey (1974–77) Gerry Adams
Gerry Adams
(1977–78) Martin McGuinness
Martin McGuinness
(1978–82) Ivor Bell (1982–83) Kevin McKenna (1983–97) Thomas "Slab" Murphy (1997–2005)

Personalities (Volunteers)

Billy McKee Gerry Kelly Dolours Price Marian Price Roy Walsh John Joe McGirl Ruairí Ó Brádaigh Dáithí Ó Conaill George Harrison Billy Reid Michael Gaughan Pat Doherty Hugh Doherty Séanna Breathnach Proinsias MacAirt John Kelly Rose Dugdale John Francis Green Peter Cleary Kevin Coen Frank Stagg Kieran Nugent Francis Hughes Brendan Hughes Tommy McKearney Raymond McCartney Gerry McGeough Gerard Casey Thomas McMahon Eamon Collins Gerard Tuite Patrick Magee Bobby Sands Raymond McCreesh Joe McDonnell Martin Hurson Kieran Doherty Thomas McElwee Michael McKevitt Alex Maskey Fra McCann Owen Carron Paul Butler Dessie Ellis Angelo Fusco Breandán Mac Cionnaith Rita O'Hare Martin Meehan Arthur Morgan Danny Morrison Antoine Mac Giolla Bhrighde Kieran Fleming William Fleming Bernard Fox Paddy Quinn Laurence McKeown Pat McGeown Matt Devlin Pat Sheehan Siobhán O'Hanlon Jackie McMullan Patrick Joseph Kelly Larry Marley Jim Lynagh Pádraig McKearney Brendan McFarlane Charles Breslin Sean O'Callaghan Séamus McElwaine Gabriel Cleary Daniel McCann Seán Savage Mairéad Farrell Martin McCaughey Dessie Grew Fergal Caraher Patricia Black Malachy Carey Martin McGartland Joseph MacManus Paul Magee Pearse Jordan Thomas Begley Martin Doherty Ed O'Brien Diarmuid O'Neill Carál Ní Chuilín Ian Milne Conor Murphy Martina Anderson Jennifer McCann Liam Campbell Colin Duffy

Espionage & Supergrasses

Denis Donaldson Freddie Scappaticci (allegedly "Stakeknife") Martin McGartland Raymond Gilmour Kevin Fulton Joseph Fenton Eamon Collins

Associates

Cumann na mBan Fianna Éireann South Armagh Republican Action Force Direct Action Against Drugs NORAID Provisional Clan na Gael Friends of Sinn Féin Cairde na hÉireann Troops Out Movement

Derivatives

Continuity Irish Republican Army Real Irish Republican Army

Prominent killings

Michael Willetts Jean McConville Columba McVeigh Billy Fox Martin McBirney Steven Tibble Ross McWhirter Sammy Smyth Christopher Ewart-Biggs Jeffery Stanford Agate Robert Nairac Richard Sykes Gerard Evans Lord Mountbatten Baroness Brabourne Norman Stronge James Stronge Robert Bradford Lenny Murphy Kenneth Salvesen Anthony Berry Maurice Gibson Robert Seymour Heidi Hazell Joseph Fenton Nick Spanos Stephen Melrose Ian Gow Donald Kaberry Thomas Oliver Sammy Ward Tim Parry Jonathan Ball Ray Smallwoods Joe Bratty Raymond Elder Martin Cahill Jerry McCabe Andrew Kearney Eamon Collins Matthew Burns Robert McCartney (allegedly) James Curran Joseph Rafferty (allegedly) Paul Quinn

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 23957091 LCCN: n2002032196 ISNI: 0000 0001 1488 8

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