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The Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
National Historical Park consists of several buildings in Atlanta, Georgia, including Martin Luther King Jr.'s boyhood home and the original Ebenezer Baptist Church, the church where King
King
was baptized and both his father Martin Luther King Sr. and he were pastors. These places, critical to the interpretation of the life of Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
and his legacy as a leader of the American Civil Rights Movement, were included in the park when it was established on October 10, 1980. Formerly a National Historic Site, the unit was redesignated as a National Historical Park on January 8, 2018.[3] In total, the buildings included in the site make up 35 acres (0.14 km²). The visitor center contains a museum that chronicles the American Civil Rights Movement
American Civil Rights Movement
and the path of Martin Luther King Jr. An 1894 firehouse (Fire Station No. 6) served the Sweet Auburn community until 1991, and now contains a gift shop and an exhibit on desegregation in the Atlanta
Atlanta
Fire Department. The "I Have a Dream" International World Peace Rose Garden, and a memorial tribute to Mohandas K. Gandhi are part of the site, as is the "International Civil Rights Walk of Fame" which commemorates some of the courageous pioneers who worked for social justice. Annual events celebrating Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Day in January typically draw large crowds. Speakers have included Presidents of the United States, national and local politicians, and civil rights leaders. Remembrances are also held during Black History Month (February), and on the anniversary of King's April 4, 1968, assassination in Memphis, Tennessee.

Contents

1 Preservation 2 Martin Luther King's Birth Home 3 King
King
Center 4 Visitor center 5 Gandhi Promenade 6 International Civil Rights Walk of Fame 7 Prince Hall 8 Photo gallery 9 See also 10 Notes 11 References 12 External links

Preservation[edit]

Grave site

The Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Historic District, an area bounded roughly by Irwin, Randolph, Edgewood, Jackson, and Auburn avenues, was listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
on May 2, 1974.[1][4] The district included Ebenezer Baptist Church, King's grave site and memorial, Dr. King's birthplace, shotgun row houses, Victorian houses, the Alexander Hamilton
Alexander Hamilton
House, the Atlanta
Atlanta
Baptist Preparatory Institute site, Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic Colored Mission, Fire Station No. 6, and the Triangle Building at the intersection of Old Wheat Street and Auburn Avenue.[4] Much of the area was designated as a national historic landmark district on May 5, 1977.[2] By U.S. Congressional legislation, the site with associated buildings and gardens was authorized as a national historic site on October 10, 1980; it is administered by the National Park Service
National Park Service
(NPS).[5] A 22.4-acre (91,000 m2) area including 35 contributing properties was covered, including 22 previously included in the NRHP historic district.[5] The area covered in the NRHP designation was enlarged on June 12, 2001.[1] Martin Luther King's Birth Home[edit]

King's boyhood home

The King
King
Birth Home is located at 501 Auburn Avenue in the Sweet Auburn historic district. Built in 1895, it sits about a block east of Ebenezer Baptist Church.[6] King's maternal grandparents, Reverend Adam Daniel (A.D.) Williams, who was pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church, and his wife, Jennie Williams, bought the house for $3,500 in 1909. In 1926, when King's father married Alberta Williams, the couple moved into the house, where King
King
Jr. was born in 1929. The King
King
family lived in the house until 1941.[7] It was then converted into a two-family dwelling. The Rev. A. D. Williams King, Dr. King's brother, lived on the second floor in the 1950s and early 1960s. The first level includes the front porch, parlor, study, dining room, kitchen, laundry, bedroom and a bathroom. The second level includes four bedrooms and a bathroom. The visitor center offers free tours of the house led by National Park Service
National Park Service
rangers, but with limited availability.[8] King
King
Center[edit] Main article: King
King
Center for Nonviolent Social Change In 1968, after King's death, Coretta Scott King
Coretta Scott King
founded the Martin Luther King
King
Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change. Since 1981 the Center has been housed in a building that is part of the King
King
complex located on Auburn Avenue adjacent to Ebenezer Baptist Church.[9]

Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
and Coretta Scott King
Coretta Scott King
tomb in the Sweet Auburn district, preserved within the Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
National Historic Site

In 1977, a memorial tomb was dedicated to King. His remains were moved to the tomb, on a plaza between the center and the church. King's gravesite and a reflecting pool are located next to Freedom Hall. After her death, Mrs. King
King
was interred with her husband on February 7, 2006. An eternal flame is located nearby. Freedom Hall at 449 Auburn Avenue features exhibits about Dr. and Mrs. King, Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi
and American activist Rosa Parks. It hosts special events and programs associated with civil rights and social justice. It contains a Grand Foyer, large theater/conference auditorium, bookstore and resource center, and various works of art from across the globe. The Grand Foyer features art from Africa
Africa
and Georgia. The paneling lining the staircase is from the sapeli tree, which grows in Nigeria. As of 2006, the King
King
Center is a privately owned inholding within the authorized boundaries of the park. The King
King
family has debated among themselves as to whether they should sell it to the National Park Service to ensure preservation.[citation needed] Visitor center[edit]

Courage to Lead exhibit at the visitor center

The visitor center at 449 Auburn Avenue[10] was built in 1996 and features the multimedia exhibit Courage To Lead, which follows the parallel paths of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
and the Civil Rights Movement. Visitors can also walk down a stylized "Freedom Road". The Children of Courage exhibit, geared towards children, tells the story of the children of the Civil Rights Movement with a challenge to our youth today. Video programs are presented on a continuing basis and there is a staffed information desk.[11] Gandhi Promenade[edit] The statue of Mohandas Gandhi
Mohandas Gandhi
was donated by the Indian Council for Cultural Relations, India, in collaboration with The National Federation of Indian American Associations and The Embassy of India, USA. The inscribed bronze plaque reads:[12]

"Nonviolence, to be a potent force, must begin with the mind. Nonviolence
Nonviolence
of the mere body without the cooperation of the mind is nonviolence of the weak of the cowardly, and has, therefore, no potency. It is a degrading performance. If we bear malice and hatred in our bosoms and pretend not to retaliate, it must recoil upon us and lead to our destruction." — Gandhi

"Tribute to the Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi
was inevitable. If humanity is to progress, Gandhi is inescapable. He lived, thought and acted, inspired by the vision of humanity evolving toward a world of peace and harmony. We may ignore him at our own risk" — Martin Luther King
King
Jr.

International Civil Rights Walk of Fame[edit] Main article: International Civil Rights Walk of Fame The "International Civil Rights Walk of Fame" was created in 2004 and honors some of the participants in the Civil Rights Movement. The walk along the Promenade, includes footsteps, marked in granite and bronze. According to the National Park Service, the Walk of Fame was created to "pay homage to the "brave warriors" of justice who sacrificed and struggled to make equality a reality for all." The new addition to the area is expected to enhance the historic value of the area, enrich cultural heritage, and augment tourist attractions. The "Walk of Fame" is the brainchild of Xernona Clayton, founder and executive producer of the renowned Trumpet Awards and a civil rights activist in her own right. Ms. Clayton said, "This is a lasting memorial to those whose contributions were testaments to the fact that human progress is neither automatic nor inevitable. This historic site will serve as a symbol of pride and a beacon of hope for all future generations. We are looking forward to building a monument to the civil struggle that depicts every step taken toward the goal of justice and the tireless exertions and passionate concern of these dedicated individuals."[13] Prince Hall[edit] Located at 332 Auburn Avenue, the Prince Hall Masonic Temple is where the Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
(SCLC) established its initial headquarters in 1957.[14] This historic and distinguished civil rights organization was co-founded by Dr. King, who also served as its first president. Owned by the Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Georgia, the building was included within the authorized boundary of the park in 2018. Photo gallery[edit]

The Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
National Historic Site honors the life of Dr. King

Shotgun houses on Auburn Ave. directly across from Dr. King's boyhood home

Shotgun houses in historic district

Late 19th/Early 20th century homes on Auburn Ave. in the Martin Luther King
King
Jr. Historic District

See also[edit]

List of National Historic Landmarks in Georgia (U.S. state) National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
listings in Fulton County, Georgia List of areas in the United States National Park System#National historical parks

Notes[edit]

^ a b c National Park Service
National Park Service
(2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.  ^ a b " Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Historic District". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2009-01-31. Retrieved 2008-06-21.  ^ Hallerman, Tamar (January 9, 2018). "Trump signs bill upgrading Atlanta's MLK site". The Atlanta
Atlanta
Journal-Constitution. Retrieved 2018-02-06.  ^ a b Mendinghall, Joseph Scott (1974). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Historic District (Landmark)" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-06-28.  and Accompanying 11 photos, from 1965 and 1972–1974 (4.99 MB) ^ a b Robert W. Blythe; Maureen A. Carroll & Steven H. Moffson (October 15, 1993). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
National Historic Site" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-06-28.  and Accompanying 75 photos (16.9 MB) ^ Virtual Tour of Birth Home ^ "The Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
National Historic Site and Places that Commemorate His Legacy". Retrieved 30 July 2016.  ^ "NPS: Fees and Reservations". National Park Service. July 22, 2008. Retrieved 2009-08-31.  ^ "Future of King
King
Center Up in the Air". Jacksonville Free Press. February 9–15, 2006. Retrieved January 9, 2018. CS1 maint: Date format (link) ^ "The Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Center for Nonviolent Social Change". Retrieved 30 July 2016.  ^ "Visitor Center - Martin Luther King
King
Jr National Historic Site (U.S. National Park Service)". Retrieved 30 July 2016.  ^ "The Gandhi Promenade
Gandhi Promenade
at the MLK National Historic Site". Retrieved 30 July 2016.  ^ " International Civil Rights Walk of Fame
International Civil Rights Walk of Fame
Announces 2014 Inductees". The Birmingham Times. December 19, 2013. Retrieved February 9, 2018.  ^ " Martin Luther King, Jr.
Martin Luther King, Jr.
National Historical Park Act of 2017, Senate Committee Report" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-01-09. 

References[edit]

Coleman, Wim. Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
National Historic Site, Enslow Pub. Inc, (2005) - ISBN 0-7660-5225-7

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historical Park.

Official NPS website: Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
National Historical Park Ebenezer Baptist Church official site The King
King
Center International Civil Rights Walk Of Fame Announces 2008 Inductees International Civil Rights Walk of Fame Atlanta, Georgia, a National Park Service
National Park Service
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary

v t e

Martin Luther King
King
Jr.

Speeches, movements, and protests

Speeches

"Give Us the Ballot" (1957) "I Have a Dream" (1963) "How Long, Not Long" (1965) "Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence" (1967) "I've Been to the Mountaintop" (1968)

Writings

Stride Toward Freedom: The Montgomery Story (1958) The Measure of a Man (1959)

"What Is Man?"

"Second Emancipation Proclamation" Strength to Love (1963) Letter from Birmingham Jail (1963) Why We Can't Wait (1964) Conscience for Change (1967) Where Do We Go from Here: Chaos or Community? (1967)

Movements and protests

Montgomery bus boycott (1955–1956) Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom (1957) Albany Movement (1961–1962) Birmingham campaign (1963) March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom (1963) St. Augustine movement (1963–1964) Selma to Montgomery marches (1965) Chicago Freedom Movement (1966) Mississippi March Against Fear (1966) Anti-Vietnam War movement (1967) Memphis sanitation strike (1968) Poor People's Campaign (1968)

People

Family

Coretta Scott King (wife) Yolanda King (daughter) Martin Luther King
King
III (son) Dexter Scott King (son) Bernice King (daughter) Martin Luther King
King
Sr. (father) Alberta Williams King (mother) Christine King
King
Farris (sister) A. D. King (brother) Alveda King (niece)

Other leaders

Ralph Abernathy (mentor and friend) Ella Baker (colleague) James Bevel (strategist / colleague) Dorothy Cotton (colleague) Jesse Jackson (protégé) Bernard Lafayette (colleague) James Lawson (colleague) John Lewis (colleague) Joseph Lowery (colleague) Benjamin Mays (mentor) Diane Nash (colleague) James Orange (colleague) Bayard Rustin (advisor) Fred Shuttlesworth (colleague) C. T. Vivian (colleague) Wyatt Walker (colleague) Hosea Williams (colleague) Andrew Young (colleague)

Assassination

James Earl Ray Lorraine Motel (now National Civil Rights Museum) Funeral MLK Records Act Riots Loyd Jowers
Loyd Jowers
trial United States House Select Committee on Assassinations

Media

Film

King: A Filmed Record... Montgomery to Memphis (1970 documentary) Our Friend, Martin (1999 animated) Boycott (2001 film) The Witness: From the Balcony of Room 306 (2008 documentary) Alpha Man: The Brotherhood of MLK (2011 documentary) Selma (2014 film) All the Way (2016 film)

Television

King (1978 miniseries) "The First Store" ( The Jeffersons
The Jeffersons
episode, 1980) "Great X-Pectations" ( A Different World
A Different World
episode, 1993) "The Promised Land" ( New York Undercover
New York Undercover
episode, 1997) "Return of the King" (The Boondocks episode, 2006)

Plays

The Meeting (1987) The Mountaintop (2009) I Dream (2010) All the Way (2012)

Illustrated

Martin Luther King
King
and the Montgomery Story (1957 comic book)

Music

"Abraham, Martin and John" (Dion) "March! For Martin Luther King" (John Fahey) "Martin Luther King's Dream" (Strawbs) "Happy Birthday" (Stevie Wonder) "Pride (In the Name of Love)" (U2) "MLK" (U2) " King
King
Holiday" ( King
King
Dream Chorus and Holiday Crew) "By The Time I Get To Arizona" (Public Enemy) "Shed a Little Light" (James Taylor) "Up to the Mountain" (Patti Griffin) "Never Alone Martin" (Jason Upton) "Symphony Of Brotherhood" (Miri Ben-Ari) Joseph Schwantner: New Morning for the World; Nicolas Flagello: The Passion of Martin Luther King (1995 album) "A Dream" (Common featuring Will.i.am) "Glory" (Common and John Legend)

Related topics

Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Day Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Memorial National Historical Park King
King
Center for Nonviolent Social Change Dexter Avenue Baptist Church National Civil Rights Museum Authorship issues Alpha Phi Alpha
Alpha Phi Alpha
fraternity Season for Nonviolence U.S. Capitol Rotunda sculpture Oval Office bust Homage to King
King
sculpture, Atlanta Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
sculpture, Houston Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Memorial, San Francisco Landmark for Peace Memorial, Indianapolis Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
statue, Milwaukee The Dream sculpture, Portland, Oregon Dr. Martin Luther King
King
Jr. Library Memorials to Martin Luther King
King
Jr. Eponymous streets America in the King
King
Years Civil rights movement
Civil rights movement
in popular culture Lee–Jackson– King
King
Day Martin Luther King
King
High School (other) Lycée Martin Luther King
King
(other)

v t e

Civil rights movement

Notable events (timeline)

Prior to 1954

Murder of Harry and Harriette Moore

1954–1959

Brown v. Board of Education

Bolling v. Sharpe Briggs v. Elliott Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County Gebhart v. Belton

White America, Inc. Sarah Keys v. Carolina Coach Company Emmett Till Montgomery bus boycott

Browder v. Gayle

Tallahassee bus boycott Mansfield school desegregation 1957 Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom

"Give Us the Ballot"

Royal Ice Cream sit-in Little Rock Nine

National Guard blockade

Civil Rights Act of 1957 Kissing Case Biloxi wade-ins

1960–1963

Greensboro sit-ins Nashville sit-ins Sit-in movement Civil Rights Act of 1960 Gomillion v. Lightfoot Boynton v. Virginia Rock Hill sit-ins Robert F. Kennedy's Law Day Address Freedom Rides

attacks

Garner v. Louisiana Albany Movement University of Chicago sit-ins "Second Emancipation Proclamation" Meredith enrollment, Ole Miss riot "Segregation now, segregation forever"

Stand in the Schoolhouse Door

1963 Birmingham campaign

Letter from Birmingham Jail Children's Crusade Birmingham riot 16th Street Baptist Church bombing

John F. Kennedy's Report to the American People on Civil Rights March on Washington

"I Have a Dream"

St. Augustine movement

1964–1968

Twenty-fourth Amendment Bloody Tuesday Freedom Summer

workers' murders

Civil Rights Act of 1964 1965 Selma to Montgomery marches

"How Long, Not Long"

Voting Rights Act of 1965 Harper v. Virginia Board of Elections March Against Fear White House Conference on Civil Rights Chicago Freedom Movement/Chicago open housing movement Memphis sanitation strike King
King
assassination

funeral riots

Poor People's Campaign Civil Rights Act of 1968 Green v. County School Board of New Kent County

Activist groups

Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights Atlanta
Atlanta
Student Movement Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters Congress of Racial Equality
Congress of Racial Equality
(CORE) Committee on Appeal for Human Rights Council for United Civil Rights Leadership Dallas County Voters League Deacons for Defense and Justice Georgia Council on Human Relations Highlander Folk School Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights Montgomery Improvement Association Nashville Student Movement NAACP

Youth Council

Northern Student Movement National Council of Negro Women National Urban League Operation Breadbasket Regional Council of Negro Leadership Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
(SCLC) Southern Regional Council Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
(SNCC) The Freedom Singers Wednesdays in Mississippi Women's Political Council

Activists

Ralph Abernathy Victoria Gray Adams Zev Aelony Mathew Ahmann William G. Anderson Gwendolyn Armstrong Arnold Aronson Ella Baker Marion Barry Daisy Bates Harry Belafonte James Bevel Claude Black Gloria Blackwell Randolph Blackwell Unita Blackwell Ezell Blair Jr. Joanne Bland Julian Bond Joseph E. Boone William Holmes Borders Amelia Boynton Raylawni Branch Ruby Bridges Aurelia Browder H. Rap Brown Guy Carawan Stokely Carmichael Johnnie Carr James Chaney J. L. Chestnut Colia Lafayette Clark Ramsey Clark Septima Clark Xernona Clayton Eldridge Cleaver Kathleen Cleaver Charles E. Cobb Jr. Annie Lee Cooper Dorothy Cotton Claudette Colvin Vernon Dahmer Jonathan Daniels Joseph DeLaine Dave Dennis Annie Devine Patricia Stephens Due Joseph Ellwanger Charles Evers Medgar Evers Myrlie Evers-Williams Chuck Fager James Farmer Walter E. Fauntroy James Forman Marie Foster Golden Frinks Andrew Goodman Fred Gray Jack Greenberg Dick Gregory Lawrence Guyot Prathia Hall Fannie Lou Hamer William E. Harbour Vincent Harding Dorothy Height Lola Hendricks Aaron Henry Oliver Hill Donald L. Hollowell James Hood Myles Horton Zilphia Horton T. R. M. Howard Ruby Hurley Jesse Jackson Jimmie Lee Jackson Richie Jean Jackson T. J. Jemison Esau Jenkins Barbara Rose Johns Vernon Johns Frank Minis Johnson Clarence Jones J. Charles Jones Matthew Jones Vernon Jordan Tom Kahn Clyde Kennard A. D. King C.B. King Coretta Scott King Martin Luther King
King
Jr. Martin Luther King
King
Sr. Bernard Lafayette James Lawson Bernard Lee Sanford R. Leigh Jim Letherer Stanley Levison John Lewis Viola Liuzzo Z. Alexander Looby Joseph Lowery Clara Luper Malcolm X Mae Mallory Vivian Malone Thurgood Marshall Benjamin Mays Franklin McCain Charles McDew Ralph McGill Floyd McKissick Joseph McNeil James Meredith William Ming Jack Minnis Amzie Moore Douglas E. Moore Harriette Moore Harry T. Moore William Lewis Moore Irene Morgan Bob Moses William Moyer Elijah Muhammad Diane Nash Charles Neblett Edgar Nixon Jack O'Dell James Orange Rosa Parks James Peck Charles Person Homer Plessy Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Fay Bellamy Powell Al Raby Lincoln Ragsdale A. Philip Randolph George Raymond Jr. Bernice Johnson Reagon Cordell Reagon James Reeb Frederick D. Reese Gloria Richardson David Richmond Bernice Robinson Jo Ann Robinson Bayard Rustin Bernie Sanders Michael Schwerner Cleveland Sellers Charles Sherrod Alexander D. Shimkin Fred Shuttlesworth Modjeska Monteith Simkins Glenn E. Smiley A. Maceo Smith Kelly Miller Smith Mary Louise Smith Maxine Smith Ruby Doris Smith-Robinson Charles Kenzie Steele Hank Thomas Dorothy Tillman A. P. Tureaud Hartman Turnbow Albert Turner C. T. Vivian Wyatt Tee Walker Hollis Watkins Walter Francis White Roy Wilkins Hosea Williams Kale Williams Robert F. Williams Andrew Young Whitney Young Sammy Younge Jr. James Zwerg

Influences

Nonviolence

Padayatra

Sermon on the Mount Mahatma Gandhi

Ahimsa Satyagraha

The Kingdom of God Is Within You Frederick Douglass W. E. B. Du Bois Mary McLeod Bethune

Related

Jim Crow laws Plessy v. Ferguson

Separate but equal

Buchanan v. Warley Hocutt v. Wilson Sweatt v. Painter Heart of Atlanta
Atlanta
Motel, Inc. v. United States Katzenbach v. McClung Loving v. Virginia Fifth Circuit Four Brown Chapel Holt Street Baptist Church Edmund Pettus Bridge March on Washington Movement African-American churches attacked Journey of Reconciliation Freedom Songs

"Kumbaya" "Keep Your Eyes on the Prize" "Oh, Freedom" "This Little Light of Mine" "We Shall Not Be Moved" "We Shall Overcome"

Spring Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam

"Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence"

Watts riots Voter Education Project 1960s counterculture In popular culture

King
King
Memorial Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument Freedom Riders
Freedom Riders
National Monument Civil Rights Memorial

Noted historians

Taylor Branch Clayborne Carson John Dittmer Michael Eric Dyson Chuck Fager Adam Fairclough David Garrow David Halberstam Vincent Harding Steven F. Lawson Doug McAdam Diane McWhorter Charles M. Payne Timothy Tyson Akinyele Umoja Movement photographers

Links to related articles

v t e

Protected areas of Georgia

Federal

National historic sites and military parks

Andersonville NHS Jimmy Carter NHS Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
NHS Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

National monuments

Fort Frederica Fort Pulaski Ocmulgee

National forests

Chattahoochee Oconee

National wildlife refuges

Banks Lake Blackbeard Island Bond Swamp Eufaula Harris Neck Okefenokee Piedmont Savannah Wassaw Wolf Island

Wilderness areas

Big Frog Wilderness Blood Mountain Wilderness Brasstown Wilderness Cohutta Wilderness Cumberland Island National Seashore Ellicott Rock Wilderness Mark Trail Wilderness Okefenokee Wilderness Raven Cliffs Wilderness Rich Mountain Wilderness Southern Nantahala Wilderness Tray Mountain Wilderness

Wild and scenic rivers

Chattooga River

National trails

Appalachian Trail Pinhoti National Recreation Trail

Other protected areas

Chattahoochee River
Chattahoochee River
National Recreation Area Cumberland Island National Seashore Gray's Reef National Marine Sanctuary Sapelo Island
Sapelo Island
National Estuarine Research Reserve

State

Parks

Amicalola Falls Black Rock Mountain Bobby Brown Buck Shoals Chattahoochee Bend Cloudland Canyon Crooked River Don Carter Elijah Clark F.D. Roosevelt Florence Marina Fort Mountain Fort Yargo General Coffee George L. Smith George T. Bagby Georgia Veterans Gordonia-Alatamaha Hamburg Hard Labor Creek Hart High Falls Indian Springs James H. "Sloppy" Floyd John Tanner Laura S. Walker Little Ocmulgee Magnolia Springs Mistletoe Moccasin Creek Panola Mountain Providence Canyon Red Top Mountain Reed Bingham Richard B. Russell Sapelo Island Seminole Skidaway Island Smithgall Woods Sprewell Bluff Standing Boy Creek Stephen C. Foster Sweetwater Creek Tallulah Gorge Tugaloo Unicoi Victoria Bryant Vogel Watson Mill Bridge

Historic parks and sites

A.H. Stephens Chief Vann House Dahlonega Gold Museum Etowah Indian Mounds Fort McAllister Fort King
King
George Fort Morris Hofwyl-Broadfield Plantation Jarrell Plantation Jefferson Davis Memorial Kolomoki Mounds Lapham-Patterson House Little White House New Echota Pickett's Mill Battlefield Robert Toombs House Travelers Rest Wormsloe

Forests

Baldwin Bartram Brender-Hitchiti Dixon Memorial Dawson Hightower Paulding Spirit Creek

Other

Centennial Olympic Park Charlie Elliott Wildlife Center Jekyll Island Len Foote Hike Inn Radium Springs Sapelo Island Stone Mountain
Stone Mountain
Park

County, municipal and other

Parks

Chehaw Park Cobb County Parks McIntosh Reserve Murphey Candler Park Okefenokee Swamp Park Robert G. Hunter Memorial Park Roswell Recreation and Parks Seaborn Jones Memorial Park Shaking Rock Park

Forests and nature preserves

Autrey Mill Nature Preserve & Heritage Center Fernbank Forest Marshall Forest Morningside Nature Preserve Phinizy Swamp Nature Park Reynolds Nature Preserve

Nature and environmental education centers

Birdsong Nature Center Charlie Elliott Wildlife Center Chattahoochee Nature Center Cochran Mill Nature Center Dauset Trails Nature Center Dunwoody Nature Center Elachee Nature Science Center Georgia Nature Center Grand Bay Wetland Education Center Melvin L. Newman Wetlands Center Oatland Island Wildlife Center Oxbow Meadows Environmental Learning Center Panola Mountain
Panola Mountain
State Park Nature Center Sandy Creek Nature Center Savannah-Ogeechee Canal Museum
Museum
& Nature Center Tidelands Nature Center Tybee Island Marine Science Center West Atlanta
Atlanta
Watershed Alliance Outdoor Activity Center

Georgia Department of Natural Resources Georgia Forestry Commission (web)

v t e

Atlanta
Atlanta
landmarks

Current

Commercial

Atlantic Station AmericasMart Clermont Lounge Five Points Coca-Cola sign Lenox Square Mary Mac's Tea Room Phipps Plaza Ponce City Market Underground Atlanta The Varsity

Governmental

Atlanta
Atlanta
City Hall Elbert P. Tuttle United States Court of Appeals Building Federal Penitentiary Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Georgia Governor's Mansion Georgia Railroad Freight Depot Georgia State Capitol

Miss Freedom

Monuments

Atlanta
Atlanta
from the Ashes (The Phoenix) Carnegie Education Pavilion Millennium Gate Oakland Cemetery Stone Mountain
Stone Mountain
Confederate Memorial World Athletes Monument

Museums

APEX Museum Atlanta
Atlanta
Contemporary Art Center Atlanta
Atlanta
Cyclorama & Civil War Museum Atlanta
Atlanta
History Center Callanwolde Fine Arts Center Children's Museum
Museum
of Atlanta College Football Hall of Fame Delta Flight Museum Fernbank Museum
Museum
of Natural History Fernbank Science Center Hammonds House Museum High Museum
Museum
of Art Jimmy Carter Library and Museum Joel Chandler Harris House
Joel Chandler Harris House
(Wren's Nest) King
King
Plow Arts Center Margaret Mitchell
Margaret Mitchell
House and Museum Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
National Historic Site Michael C. Carlos Museum Museum
Museum
of Contemporary Art of Georgia Museum
Museum
of Design Atlanta National Center for Civil and Human Rights Rhodes Memorial Hall House Museum Robert C. Williams Paper Museum William Breman Jewish Heritage & Holocaust Museum World of Coca-Cola

Parks and wildlife

Atlanta
Atlanta
Botanical Garden BeltLine Stone Mountain Centennial Olympic Park Chastain Park Chattahoochee River Fernbank Forest Georgia Aquarium Grant Park Historic Fourth Ward Park Zoo Atlanta Piedmont Park Woodruff Park

Performing arts

Alliance Theatre Atlanta
Atlanta
Symphony Hall Atlanta
Atlanta
Civic Center Buckhead
Buckhead
Theatre Center for Puppetry Arts Fox Theatre Goat Farm Arts Center King
King
Plow Arts Center Plaza Theatre Shakespeare Tavern The Masquerade The Tabernacle Tara Theatre Variety Playhouse Woodruff Arts Center

Residential (former)

Asa G. Candler Jr. (Callanwolde)

Water T. Candler (Lullwater)* Joel Chandler Harris (Wren's Nest) Alonzo F. Herndon Edward H. Inman (Swan House) Martin Luther King, Jr. Ferdinand McMillan (The Castle) Margaret Mitchell Edward C. Peters (Ivy Hall) Amos Giles Rhodes (Rhodes Hall) Rufus M. Rose Craigie House

Skyscrapers

Historic (pre-WWII)

Candler (1906) Flatiron (1897) Healey (1914) Hurt (1926) J. Mack Robinson (Empire) (1901) The Metropolitan (1911) Rhodes-Haverty (1929) Southern Bell (1929) William-Oliver (1930) Winecoff Hotel
Winecoff Hotel
(1913)

Downtown

25 Park Place
25 Park Place
(Trust Company of Georgia) 55 Marietta Street
55 Marietta Street
(Fulton National Bank) 191 Peachtree Tower Centennial Tower Equitable Five Points Plaza Fourth National Bank building Georgia Power Georgia-Pacific Tower Hyatt Regency Atlanta Marriott Marquis One Park Tower Peachtree Center Peachtree Summit State of Georgia Building SunTrust Plaza TWELVE Centennial Park Westin Peachtree Plaza Hotel

Midtown

12th & Midtown (1010 Midtown 10 Sixty Five Midtown 1075 Peachtree) 1100 Peachtree 1180 Peachtree 1280 West AT&T Midtown Center Atlantic Center Plaza Atlantic Station
Atlantic Station
(171 17th Street The Atlantic) Bank of America Plaza The Campanile Coca-Cola Colony Square CNN Center Four Seasons Hotel Atlanta/GLG Grand Georgian Terrace Hotel Mayfair Condominiums One Atlantic Center
One Atlantic Center
(IBM Tower) Promenade II Spire ViewPoint

Buckhead

2828 Peachtree 3344 Peachtree 3630 Peachtree Atlanta
Atlanta
Financial Center Atlanta
Atlanta
Plaza Buckhead
Buckhead
Grand Mandarin Oriental Paramount at Buckhead Park Avenue Condominiums Park Place The Pinnacle Realm Resurgens Plaza Terminus Tower Place

Perimeter Center

Concourse Corporate Center V & VI ( King
King
& Queen towers) Park Towers I & II Three Ravinia Drive

Sports venues

Bobby Dodd Stadium Georgia State Stadium GSU Sports Arena McCamish Pavilion Mercedes-Benz Stadium Philips Arena SunTrust Park

Former

688 Club Atlanta
Atlanta
Cabana Motel Atlanta
Atlanta
Hotel Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium Atlanta
Atlanta
(Confederate) Rolling Mill Atlantic Steel
Atlantic Steel
Mill Centennial Olympic Stadium† Coca-Cola Olympic City DeGive's Opera House Equitable Building (1892) Fourth National Bank Georgia Dome 3rd Georgia Governor's Mansion
Georgia Governor's Mansion
(John H. James mansion) Henry Grady Hotel Hotel Aragon Kimball House Loew's Grand Theatre Masonic Temple National Museum
Museum
of Patriotism Omni Coliseum Paramount Theater Piedmont Hotel Ponce de Leon amusement park Ponce de Leon Park
Ponce de Leon Park
(ballpark) Ponce de Leon Springs Republic Block Rich's Riverbend Apartments Roxy Theatre SciTrek State Square Terminal Station Trout House Turner Broadcasting tower Turner Field† Union Stations: 1853 1871 1930 Post Office and Customs House/City Hall (1911-1930) Washington Hall

† – Centennial Olympic Stadium
Centennial Olympic Stadium
was rebuilt in 1997 as Turner Field. In turn, Turner Field
Turner Field
was rebuilt as Georgia State Stadium
Georgia State Stadium
in 2017.

Planned

Atlanta
Atlanta
Multi-Modal Passenger Terminal Atlanta
Atlanta
Symphony Center

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U.S. National Register of Historic Places

Topics

Architectural style categories Contributing property Historic district History of the National Register of Historic Places Keeper of the Register National Park Service Property types

Lists by states

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

Lists by insular areas

American Samoa Guam Minor Outlying Islands Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico Virgin Islands

Lists by associated states

Federated States of Micronesia Marshall Islands Palau

Other areas

District of Columbia Morocco

Portal

v t e

Historic Districts in Metro Atlanta

Clayton County

Jonesboro

Cobb County

Acworth Acworth Collins Ave. Clarkdale Clarkdale Kennesaw Cherokee St. North Main St. Summers St. Marietta Church St.–Cherokee St. North Marietta Washington Ave. Whitlock Ave.

Coweta County

Newnan Cole Town Greenville St.–LaGrange St. Newnan Commercial Newnan Cotton Mill and Mill Village Northwest Newnan Residential Platinum Point Other Grantville Roscoe–Dunaway Gardens Sargent Senoia

DeKalb County

Atlanta Candler Park Druid Hills (Atlanta) Inman Park–Moreland Kirkwood Avondale Estates Brookhaven Oglethorpe University Decatur Clairemont MAK (McDonough, Adams, King) Ponce de Leon Court South Candler Street–Agnes Scott College Winnona Park Druid Hills Emory Grove Emory University
Emory University
District University Park–Emory Highlands–Emory Estate Stone Mountain

Douglas County

Douglasville

Fulton County

Atlanta Adair Park Ansley Park Atkins Park Atlanta
Atlanta
University Center Berkeley Park Brookhaven Brookwood Hills Cabbagetown Castleberry Hill Collier Heights Fairlie–Poplar Fox Theatre Historic District Garden Hills Georgia Tech Grant Park Hotel Row Howell Interlocking Knight Park–Howell Station Inman Park Inman Park–Moreland King
King
Plow/Railroad Historic District (proposed) Knox Apts., Cauthorn House and Peachtree Rd. Apts. Lakewood Heights Martin Luther King, Jr.
Martin Luther King, Jr.
National Historic Site Means St. Midtown Mozley Park Oakland City Peachtree Highlands–Peachtree Park Pittsburgh Reynoldstown Southern Ry. North Ave. Yards Sunset Ave. (proposed) Sweet Auburn Techwood Homes Underground Atlanta Virginia-Highland Washington Park West End · Whittier Mills Other College Park East Point Industrial District Fairburn Hapeville Roswell

Gwinnett County

Norcross

Hall County

Gainesville Brenau University Chicopee Mill and Village Gainesville Commercial Green Street Green St.–Brenau Other Clermont Flowery Branch Gillsville Lula

Newton County

Covington Covington Covington Mills and Mill Village Floyd Street Other Newborn North Covington Oxford Porterdale Starrsville

Rockdale County

Conyers Commercial Residential

v t e

Old Fourth Ward
Old Fourth Ward
and Sweet Auburn, Atlanta

Martin Luther King
King
Jr. National Historic Site and Preservation District

APEX Museum Atlanta
Atlanta
Daily World building Atlanta
Atlanta
Life Insurance Company building Auburn Ave. Research Library Big Bethel AME Church Herndon Building
Herndon Building
(demolished) Gandhi Promenade International Civil Rights Walk of Fame King
King
Birth Home King
King
Center Ebenezer Baptist Church MLK National Historic Site Odd Fellows Bldg. Sweet Auburn
Sweet Auburn
Curb Market Wheat Street Baptist Church

Other buildings

Atlanta
Atlanta
Civic Center Atlanta
Atlanta
Medical Center Edward C. Peters House Egleston Children's Hospital (1928-1959) Homage to King Morris Brown College
Morris Brown College
(1885-1932) National NuGrape Company
National NuGrape Company
Lofts Ponce City Market Rio Shopping Center (demolished) Sister Louisa's Church WSB-TV tower

Neighborhoods

Buttermilk Bottom Sweet Auburn U-Rescue Villa

Parks

Central Park Freedom Park Historic Fourth Ward Park Ponce de Leon amusement park Ponce de Leon Springs Renaissance Park

People

Dr. Martin Luther King
King
Jr. Edward C. Peters

Roads

Boulevard Edgewood Avenue Freedom Parkway Freeway revolt (1970s-1980s) Highland Avenue I-485 Ponce de Leon Avenue

Transportation

Atlanta
Atlanta
Streetcar King
King
Memorial (MARTA station) Nine-Mile Circle
Nine-Mile Circle
Streetcar Line

Druid Hills Inman Park Midtown Morningside-Lenox Park Poncey–Highland Virginia–Highland All neighborhoods of Atlanta

v t e

Mahatma Gandhi

Life events and movements

Indian Ambulance Corps Bardoli Satyagraha Champaran Satyagraha Kheda Satyagraha Indian independence movement Non-cooperation Movement Chauri Chaura incident Purna Swaraj

flag

Salt March Dharasana Satyagraha Vaikom Satyagraha Aundh Experiment Gandhi–Irwin Pact

Second Round Table Conference

Padayatra Poona Pact Natal Indian Congress Quit India

speech

Gujarat Vidyapith
Gujarat Vidyapith
University Harijan
Harijan
Sevak Sangh Ashrams (Kochrab Tolstoy Farm Sabarmati Sevagram) List of fasts Assassination

Philosophy

Gandhism Economics

trusteeship

Education Sarvodaya Satyagraha Swadeshi Swaraj Gandhi cap

Publications

Harijan Hind Swaraj
Swaraj
(Indian Home Rule) Indian Opinion The Story of My Experiments with Truth Young India Seven Social Sins (Gandhi Heritage Portal)

Influences

A Letter to a Hindu Ahimsa

nonviolence

Bhagavad Gita Henry David Thoreau Civil Disobedience (essay) Civil disobedience Fasting Harishchandra Hinduism Khadi John Ruskin Parsee Rustomjee Leo Tolstoy The Kingdom of God Is Within You The Masque of Anarchy Muhammad Narmad Pacifism Sermon on the Mount Shravan Shrimad Rajchandra Henry Stephens Salt Tirukkuṛaḷ Unto This Last

Gandhi's translation

"Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram" "Ekla Chalo Re" "Hari Tuma Haro" "Vaishnava Jana To" Vegetarianism

Associates

Swami Anand C. F. Andrews Jamnalal Bajaj Shankarlal Banker Sarla Behn Vinoba Bhave Brij Krishna Chandiwala Sudhakar Chaturvedi Jugatram Dave Mahadev Desai Dada Dharmadhikari Kanu Gandhi Shiv Prasad Gupta Umar Hajee Ahmed Jhaveri J. C. Kumarappa Hermann Kallenbach Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan Acharya Kripalani Mirabehn Mohanlal Pandya Vallabhbhai Patel Narhari Parikh Mithuben Petit Chakravarti Rajagopalachari Bibi Amtus Salam Sonja Schlesin Anugrah Narayan Sinha Shri Krishna Singh Rettamalai Srinivasan V. A. Sundaram Abbas Tyabji Ravishankar Vyas

Legacy

Artistic depictions Gandhigiri Gandhi Peace Award Gandhi Peace Prize Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi
Kashi Vidyapith Indian currency

Family

Karamchand Gandhi (father) Kasturba (wife) Harilal (son) Manilal (son) Ramdas (son) Devdas (son) Maganlal (cousin) Samaldas (nephew) Arun (grandson) Ela (granddaughter) Rajmohan (grandson) Gopalkrishna (grandson) Ramchandra (grandson) Kanu (grandson) Kanu (grandnephew) Tushar (great-grandson) Leela (great-granddaughter)

Influenced

James Bevel Steve Biko 14th Dalai Lama Gopaldas Ambaidas Desai Morarji Desai Eknath Easwaran Maria Lacerda de Moura James Lawson Martin Luther King
King
Jr. Nelson Mandela Brajkishore Prasad Rajendra Prasad Ramjee Singh Aung San Suu Kyi Lanza del Vasto Abhay Bang Sane Guruji

Memorials

Statues

Houston Johannesburg London (Parliament Square) New York Patna Pietermaritzburg Washington

Observances

Gandhi Jayanti International Day of Non-Violence Martyrs' Day Season for Nonviolence

Other

Aga Khan Palace Gandhi Bhawan Gandhi Mandapam Gandhi Market Bookstores Gandhi Promenade Gandhi Smriti Gandhi Memorial Gandhi Memorial Museum, Madurai Kaba Gandhi No Delo Kirti Mandir Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi
College Mohandas Gandhi
Mohandas Gandhi
High School National Gandhi Museum Raj Ghat Sabarmati Ashram Satyagraha
Satyagraha
House Gandhi Teerth Roads named after Gandhi Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi
Memor

.