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The Info List - Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site



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The MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. NATIONAL HISTORIC SITE consists of several buildings including Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
's boyhood home and the original EBENEZER BAPTIST CHURCH, the church where King
King
was baptized and both his father Martin Luther King Sr. and he were pastors . These places, critical to the interpretation of the life of Martin Luther King
King
Jr. and his legacy as a leader of the American Civil Rights Movement , were included in the National Historic Site when it was established on October 10, 1980.

In total, the buildings included in the site make up 35 acres (0.14 km²). The visitor center contains a museum that chronicles the American Civil Rights Movement
American Civil Rights Movement
and the path of Martin Luther King
King
Jr. An 1894 firehouse (Fire Station No. 6) served the Sweet Auburn community until 1991, and now contains a gift shop and an exhibit on desegregation in the Atlanta
Atlanta
Fire Department . The " I Have a Dream " International World Peace Rose Garden, and a memorial tribute to Mohandas K. Gandhi
Mohandas K. Gandhi
are part of the site, as is the "International Civil Rights Walk of Fame " which commemorates some of the courageous pioneers who worked for social justice.

Annual events celebrating Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Day in January typically draw large crowds. Speakers have included Presidents of the United States , national and local politicians, and civil rights leaders. Remembrances are also held during Black History Month (February), and on the anniversary of King's April 4, 1968, assassination in Memphis, Tennessee
Memphis, Tennessee
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Preservation * 2 Martin Luther King\'s Birth Home * 3 King
King
Center * 4 Visitor center * 5 Gandhi Promenade * 6 International Civil Rights Walk of Fame * 7 Photo gallery * 8 See also * 9 Notes * 10 References * 11 External links

PRESERVATION

Grave site

The MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. HISTORIC DISTRICT, an area bounded roughly by Irwin, Randolph, Edgewood , Jackson, and Auburn avenues, was listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places on May 2, 1974. The district included Ebenezer Baptist Church, King's grave site and memorial, Dr. King's birthplace , shotgun row houses , Victorian houses , the Alexander Hamilton
Alexander Hamilton
House, the Atlanta
Atlanta
Baptist Preparatory Institute site, Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic Colored Mission, Fire Station No. 6, and the Triangle Building at the intersection of Old Wheat Street and Auburn Avenue.

Much of the area was designated as a national historic landmark district on May 5, 1977.

By U.S. Congressional legislation, the site with associated buildings and gardens was authorized as a national historic site on October 10, 1980; it is administered by the National Park Service (NPS). A 22.4-acre (91,000 m2) area including 35 contributing properties was covered, including 22 previously included in the NRHP historic district. The area covered in the NRHP designation was enlarged on June 12, 2001.

MARTIN LUTHER KING\'S BIRTH HOME

King's boyhood home

The King
King
Birth Home is located at 501 Auburn Avenue in the Sweet Auburn historic district . Built in 1895, it sits about a block east of Ebenezer Baptist Church. King's maternal grandparents, Reverend Adam Daniel (A.D.) Williams, who was pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church, and his wife, Jennie Williams, bought the house for $3,500 in 1909. In 1926, when King's father married Alberta Williams, the couple moved into the house, where King
King
Jr. was born in 1929.

The King
King
family lived in the house until 1941. It was then converted into a two-family dwelling. The Rev. A. D. Williams King
King
, Dr. King's brother, lived on the second floor in the 1950s and early 1960s.

The first level includes the front porch, parlor, study, dining room, kitchen, laundry, bedroom and a bathroom. The second level includes four bedrooms and a bathroom. The visitor center offers free tours of the house led by National Park Service rangers, but with limited availability.

KING CENTER

Main article: King Center for Nonviolent Social Change Martin Luther King
King
Jr. and Coretta Scott King tomb in the Sweet Auburn district, preserved within the Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
National Historic Site

Coretta Scott King started the Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Center for Nonviolent Social Change in the basement of the couple's home in the year following King's 1968 assassination. In 1981, the center was moved into a multimillion-dollar facility on Auburn Avenue, near King's birth home and next to Ebenezer Baptist Church, where he preached from 1960 until his death.

In 1977, a memorial tomb was dedicated to King. His remains were moved to the tomb, on a plaza between the center and the church. King's gravesite and a reflecting pool are located next to Freedom Hall. After her death, Mrs. King
King
was interred with her husband on February 7, 2006. An eternal flame is located nearby.

Freedom Hall at 449 Auburn Avenue features exhibits about Dr. and Mrs. King, Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi
and American activist Rosa Parks . It hosts special events and programs associated with civil rights and social justice. It contains a Grand Foyer, large theater/conference auditorium, bookstore and resource center, and various works of art from across the globe. The Grand Foyer features art from Africa
Africa
and Georgia. The paneling lining the staircase is from the sapeli tree, which grows in Nigeria
Nigeria
.

As of 2006, the King
King
Center is a privately owned inholding within the authorized boundaries of the national historic site. The King
King
family has debated among themselves as to whether they should sell it to the National Park Service to ensure preservation.

VISITOR CENTER

Courage to Lead exhibit at the visitor center

The visitor center at 449 Auburn Avenue was built in 1996 and features the multimedia exhibit Courage To Lead, which follows the parallel paths of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
and the Civil Rights Movement. Visitors can also walk down a stylized "Freedom Road". The Children of Courage exhibit, geared towards children, tells the story of the children of the Civil Rights Movement with a challenge to our youth today. Video programs are presented on a continuing basis and there is a staffed information desk.

GANDHI PROMENADE

The statue of Mohandas Gandhi
Mohandas Gandhi
was donated by the Indian Council for Cultural Relations , India, in collaboration with The National Federation of Indian American Associations and The Embassy of India, USA. The inscribed bronze plaque reads:

"Nonviolence, to be a potent force, must begin with the mind. Nonviolence of the mere body without the cooperation of the mind is nonviolence of the weak of the cowardly, and has, therefore, no potency. It is a degrading performance. If we bear malice and hatred in our bosoms and pretend not to retaliate, it must recoil upon us and lead to our destruction." — Gandhi

"Tribute to the Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi
was inevitable. If humanity is to progress, Gandhi is inescapable. He lived, thought and acted, inspired by the vision of humanity evolving toward a world of peace and harmony. We may ignore him at our own risk" — Martin Luther King Jr.

INTERNATIONAL CIVIL RIGHTS WALK OF FAME

Main article: International Civil Rights Walk of Fame

The "International Civil Rights Walk of Fame" was created in 2004 and honors some of the participants in the Civil Rights Movement. The walk along the Promenade, includes footsteps, marked in granite and bronze. According to the National Park Service, the Walk of Fame was created to "pay homage to the "brave warriors" of justice who sacrificed and struggled to make equality a reality for all." The new addition to the area is expected to enhance the historic value of the area, enrich cultural heritage, and augment tourist attractions.

The "Walk of Fame" is the brainchild of Xernona Clayton , founder and executive producer of the renowned Trumpet Awards and a civil rights activist in her own right. Ms. Clayton said, "This is a lasting memorial to those whose contributions were testaments to the fact that human progress is neither automatic nor inevitable. This historic site will serve as a symbol of pride and a beacon of hope for all future generations. We are looking forward to building a monument to the civil struggle that depicts every step taken toward the goal of justice and the tireless exertions and passionate concern of these dedicated individuals."

PHOTO GALLERY

*

The Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
National Historic Site honors the life of Dr. King
King
*

Shotgun houses on Auburn Ave. directly across from Dr. King's boyhood home *

Shotgun houses in historic district *

Late 19th/Early 20th century homes on Auburn Ave. in the Martin Luther King
King
Jr. Historic District

SEE ALSO

* List of National Historic Landmarks in Georgia (U.S. state)
Georgia (U.S. state)
* National Register of Historic Places listings in Fulton County, Georgia * List of areas in the United States National Park System#National historic sites

NOTES

* ^ A B C National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. * ^ A B " Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Historic District". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-21. * ^ A B Mendinghall, Joseph Scott (1974). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Historic District (Landmark)" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-06-28. and Accompanying 11 photos, from 1965 and 1972–1974 (4.99 MB) * ^ A B Robert W. Blythe; Maureen A. Carroll ">(PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-06-28. and Accompanying 75 photos (16.9 MB) * ^ Virtual Tour of Birth Home * ^ "The Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
National Historic Site and Places that Commemorate His Legacy". Retrieved 30 July 2016. * ^ "NPS: Fees and Reservations". National Park Service. July 22, 2008. Retrieved 2009-08-31. * ^ Future of King
King
Center up in the air (February 1, 2006) * ^ "The Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Center for Nonviolent Social Change". Retrieved 30 July 2016. * ^ "Visitor Center - Martin Luther King
King
Jr National Historic Site (U.S. National Park Service)". Retrieved 30 July 2016. * ^ "The Gandhi Promenade at the MLK National His