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Martín Alberto Vizcarra Cornejo OSP (American Spanish: [marˈtin alˈβerto βisˈkařa korˈnexo][a]; born 22 March 1963) is a Peruvian engineer and politician who is the 67th and current President of Peru. Vizcarra previously served as Governor of the Moquegua department (2011–2014), Minister of Transport and Communications of Peru
Peru
(2016–2017), and Ambassador of Peru to Canada (2017-2018). In the 2016 general election, Vizcarra ran with the Peruanos Por el Kambio party as candidate for first vice president and as running mate of Pedro Pablo Kuczynski. Vizcarra was sworn into office as president on 23 March 2018 following the resignation of President Kuczynski.[1][2]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Education 3 Political career

3.1 Governor of Moquegua 3.2 Vice presidency

3.2.1 Minister of Transportation and Communications 3.2.2 Ambassador to Canada

3.3 President of Peru

4 Political ideology 5 Notes 6 References

Early life[edit] Vizcarra was born in Lima, the son of César Vizcarra Vargas, who was an APRA member, and Doris Cornejo, a teacher of primary education. His father was mayor of Moquegua
Moquegua
and member of the Constituent Assembly of 1978. His family was based in Moquegua, but moved to Lima
Lima
due to a pulmonary complication that put him on the verge of death at his birth. Regarding his father, Vizcarra stated he left a lasting impact on his life.[3] Education[edit] Vizcarra studied at the IEP Juan XXIII and the GUE Simón Bolívar, in Moquegua. For university education, Vizcarra graduated from the National University of Engineering
National University of Engineering
in Lima
Lima
in 1984[4] while also earning a degree in Management Administration from the School of Business Administration (ESAN).[5] Political career[edit] Governor of Moquegua[edit] His political ambitions began in his home region of Moquegua, where he ran under the APRA party for the governorship in 2006, narrowly missing election.[3] In 2008, Vizcarra led protests, known as "Moqueguazo", surrounding unequal mining payments to the community.[3] He travelled to Lima
Lima
to mediate the crisis, explaining the payment issue to the Peruvian Council of Ministers
Peruvian Council of Ministers
who agreed to make necessary changes to laws surrounding the issue. This event inspired Vizcarra's further political ambitions.[3] In 2011, Vizcarra was elected to be Governor of Moquegua. During his tenure, social indexes improved and he avoided corruption issues, an achievement The Washington Post
The Washington Post
described as "one of the rare examples" in Peru. He also conciliated another mining conflict between mining company Anglo American and residents concerned about potential drinking water contamination by a proposed copper mine, playing a major role in settling the dispute. Vizcarra served as governor until the end of 2014.[3] Vice presidency[edit] Vizcarra was elected into the office of First Vice President of Peru in 2016 general election, running beside Pedro Pablo Kuczynski
Pedro Pablo Kuczynski
of the Peruanos Por el Kambio
Peruanos Por el Kambio
party. Shortly after being elected, he was tasked with serving in other ministries. Minister of Transportation and Communications[edit] As Minister of Transportation and Communications, Vizcarra served for about one year. During a series of floods in late 2017 and early 2018 which devastated much of Peru, he was tasked with managing the crisis. With allegations of bribery and bureaucracy plaguing the construction of the Chinchero International Airport in Cusco, Vizcarra cancelled many contracts and until an investigation by the Comptroller's Office was completed. After facing complaints by political opponents and being summoned to provide hours of testimony surrounding the project, all while being tasked with providing reconstruction following the flooding that affected Peru, Vizcarra resigned his position as minister. Shortly after his resignation, the Comptroller General Edgar Alarcón recommended legal action against ten officials involved with the airport's construction.[6] Analysts stated that overall, Vizcarra's performance as minister was positive, though it was plagued by complications from the Fujimori family's political forces.[7] Ambassador to Canada[edit] After resigning from the previous ministry, he was appointed to be the Peruvian Ambassador to Canada, avoiding public attention.[3] He only returned to Peru
Peru
during the first impeachment proceedings against President Kuczynski,[8] leaving to Canada
Canada
shortly after the incident. President of Peru[edit] Following the resignation of President Kuczynski, Vizcarra returned to Peru
Peru
to assume the presidency on 23 March 2018.[9] Upon being sworn in, Vizcarra stated in regards to corruption, "we've had enough", promising to lead against such practices in the Andean nation.[10] During this ceremony, some Peruvians took to the streets to protest against the government, calling for the removal of all politicians.[10] Political ideology[edit] Vizcarra has attributed his political beliefs as stemming from his father, with Vizcarra saying that his guidance made him concerned about social issues.[3] He is pro-business and values his ability to "know how to listen" and to "go step by step", with his supporters often describing him as a bridge builder who is able to mediate complicated situations.[3] Notes[edit]

^ In Peninsular Spanish, Vizcarra is pronounced [βiθˈkařa].

References[edit]

^ Quigley, John (March 21, 2018). "Vizcarra Set to Become Peru's New President Facing Daunting Challenges". Bloomberg. Retrieved March 22, 2018.  ^ Collyns, Dan (March 22, 2018). " Peru
Peru
president Pedro Pablo Kuczynski resigns amid corruption scandal". The Guardian. Retrieved March 22, 2018.  ^ a b c d e f g h Briceno, Franklin; Armario, Christine (2018-03-23). "Incoming Peru
Peru
president a political novice facing tough odds". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-03-23.  ^ "Voto Informado". Voto Informado. Retrieved 23 March 2018.  ^ " Martín Vizcarra
Martín Vizcarra
Cornejo - Peruanos Por el Kambio
Peruanos Por el Kambio
- PPK". Peruanos Por el Kambio - PPK (in Spanish). 16 December 2015. Retrieved 23 March 2018.  ^ Vásquez, Rocío la Rosa (2017-05-22). " Martín Vizcarra
Martín Vizcarra
renuncia al MTC tras dejar sin efecto contrato de Chinchero". El Comercio (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-03-23.  ^ Chávez, Paulo Rosas (2017-05-23). "Martín Vizcarra: entre la reconstrucción y su renuncia por Chinchero [ANÁLISIS]". El Comercio (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-03-23.  ^ " Martín Vizcarra
Martín Vizcarra
llegó a Perú en medio de gran expectativa [FOTOS]". La República
La República
(in Spanish). 2017-12-20. Retrieved 2018-03-23.  ^ EC, Redacción (2018-03-22). "Martín Vizcarra: "Estoy indignado por la situación actual"". El Comercio (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-03-23.  ^ a b "Martin Vizcarra Sworn In As Peru's New President". NPR. 23 March 2018. Retrieved 24 March 2018. 

Political offices

Preceded by Jaime Rodríguez Villanueva Governor of the Moquegua
Moquegua
Region 2011–2014 Succeeded by Jaime Rodríguez Villanueva

Preceded by José Gallardo Ku Peruvian Minister of Transport and Communications 2016–2017 Succeeded by Bruno Giuffra

Preceded by Marisol Espinoza First Vice President of Peru 2016–2018 Vacant

Preceded by Pedro Pablo Kuczynski President of Peru 2018–present Incumbent

Diplomatic posts

Preceded by Marcela López Bravo Peruvian Ambassador to Canada 2017–2018 Succeeded by Carlos Gil de Montes Molinari

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Presidents of Peru

San Martín Luna Pizarro La Mar Bernardo de Tagle Riva Agüero Sucre Bernardo de Tagle Bolívar Santa Cruz Salazar y Baquíjano La Mar Gutiérrez de la Fuente Gamarra Luna Pizarro Orbegoso Bermúdez Salaverry Santa Cruz Gamarra Menéndez Torrico Vidal Figuerola Vivanco Nieto Castilla Elías Menéndez Figuerola Menéndez Castilla Echenique Castilla San Román Castilla P. Diez Canseco Pezet Prado Pezet P. Diez Canseco Prado P. Diez Canseco Balta Gutiérrez F. Diez Canseco Zevallos Pardo Prado Piérola García Calderón Montero Cáceres Iglesias Arenas Cáceres Morales Bermúdez Borgoño Cáceres Candamo Piérola Romaña Candamo S. Calderón Pardo y Barreda Leguía Billinghurst Benavides Pardo y Barreda Leguía Ponce Sánchez Cerro Elías Arias Jiménez Samanez Ocampo Sánchez Cerro Benavides Prado Ugarteche Bustamante y Rivero Odría Noriega Odría Prado Ugarteche Pérez Godoy Lindley Belaúnde Velasco Morales Bermúdez Belaúnde García Fujimori Paniagua Toledo García Humala Kuczynski Vizcarra

v t e

Current leaders of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

Turnbull Bolkiah Trudeau Piñera Xi Lam Jokowi Abe Moon Najib Peña Nieto

Ardern O'Neill Vizcarra Duterte Putin Lee Tsai Prayut Trump Quang

v t e

Current leaders of the Union of South American Nations

Macri Morales Temer Piñera Santos Moreno Granger Cartes Vizcarra Bouterse Vázquez Maduro

v t e

Current heads of state of the South American countries

Mauricio Macri
Mauricio Macri
(Argentina) Evo Morales
Evo Morales
(Bolivia) Michel Temer
Michel Temer
(Brazil) Sebastián Piñera
Sebastián Piñera
(Chile) Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos
(Colombia) Lenín Moreno
Lenín Moreno
(Ecuador) David Granger (Guyana) Horacio Cartes
Horacio Cartes
(Paraguay) Martín Vizcarra
Martín Vizcarra
(Peru) Dési Bouterse
Dési Bouterse
(Suriname) Anthony Carmona
Anthony Carmona
(Trinidad and Tobago) Tabaré Vázquez
Tabaré Vázquez
(Uruguay) Nicolás Maduro
Nicolás Maduro
(Venezuela)

Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
(Falkland Islands/South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands) Emmanuel Macr

.