Mars Orbiter Mission 2 (MOM 2), also called Mangalyaan 2 ("Mars-craft", from Sanskrit: मंगल mangala, "Mars" and यान yāna, "craft, vehicle"), is India's second interplanetary mission planned for launch to Mars by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in the 2021-2022 time frame.[1] It will consist of an orbiter, and may include a lander and a rover.


After ISRO's successful launch and orbit of Mars by its first probe, the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), ISRO announced the second mission (MOM 2) on 28 October 2014 at the Engineers Conclave 2014 conference held in Bangalore. The agency hopes to have its heavy lift launcher GSLV III fully operational by 2016 or 2017. It plans to use the GSLV III for the Chandrayaan 2 mission to the Moon in 2018,[4][5] and later use it to launch Mangalyaan 2.[2][6]

In January 2016, India and France signed a letter of intent for ISRO and CNES to jointly build MOM 2 by 2020.[7] The Indian government funded MOM 2 in its 2017 budget proposal, and ISRO is considering whether the best path is to conduct an orbiter/lander/rover mission or to opt for only an orbiter with more sophisticated instruments than those flown on Mangalyaan 1. Regardless, the ISRO promises "a major science upgrade" for the mission.[1]

An Announcement of Opportunity was released requesting submissions for scientific instruments for an orbiter only, with a deadline set for 20 September 2016.[8][9]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Bagla, Pallava (17 February 2017). "India eyes a return to Mars and a first run at Venus". Science. doi:10.1126/science.aal0781. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Fattah, Md Saim (29 October 2014). "India plans second Mars mission in 2018". News18.com. 
  3. ^ a b D. S., Madhumathi (10 August 2016). "ISRO sets the ball rolling for Mars Mission-2". The Hindu. Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  4. ^ Prasad, S. (23 January 2016). "Chandrayaan-2 launch likely by 2018". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  5. ^ "India to launch Chandrayaan-II by 2017". The Hindu. Press Trust of India. 10 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "Mars-2 Mission to Launch in 2018, Says Isro". NDTV. Indo-Asian News Service. 30 October 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2015. 
  7. ^ Singh, Kanishk (28 January 2016). "India's French Connection: CNES and ISRO jointly will develop Mangalyaan 2". The TeCake. Retrieved 29 March 2016. 
  8. ^ "Announcement of Opportunity (AO) for future Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM-2)". Indian Space Research Organisation. Retrieved 14 January 2018. 
  9. ^ "ISRO seeking proposals for Mars Orbiter Mission-2". The Indian Express. 26 November 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2018.