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The Marquess of Shen (Chinese: 申侯, p Shēnhóu; d. 771 BCE) was a Qiang ruler of Shen during China’s Zhou dynasty. A vassal state of the Zhou, Shen state covered the area of modern-day Nanyang in Henan. One of the Marquess of Shen’s daughters married the Zhou King You. As Queen Shen, she gave birth to Crown Prince Yijiu, but another consort named Bao Si
Bao Si
persuaded the king to banish the queen and favor her son Bofu over Yijiu. Furious, the Marquess of Shen allied with the Zeng and Quanrong barbarians to attack the Zhou capital Haojing. King You lit beacons to summon his nobles, but none came and he was killed at the foot of Mount Li
Mount Li
near modern-day Xi'an. Thereafter, the Marquesses of Shen, Zeng, and Xu enthroned Yijiu as King Ping of Zhou in Shen.[1][2] This marked the end of the Western Zhou
Western Zhou
and the beginning of the Eastern.[3] The Marquess died in 771 BCE. References[edit]

^ Sima Qian. Records of the Grand Historian, " Zhou Dynasty
Zhou Dynasty
Annals". ^ Bamboo Annals ^ Chinese Text Project, Rulers of the Zhou states – with links to their occurrences in pre-Qin and Han texts.

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