Marquess of Shen (Chinese: 申侯, p Shēnhóu;
d. 771 BCE) was a Qiang ruler of Shen during China’s Zhou
dynasty. A vassal state of the Zhou, Shen state covered the area of
modern-day Nanyang in Henan.
One of the Marquess of Shen’s daughters married the Zhou King You.
As Queen Shen, she gave birth to Crown Prince Yijiu, but another
Bao Si persuaded the king to banish the queen and favor
Bofu over Yijiu. Furious, the
Marquess of Shen allied with the
Quanrong barbarians to attack the Zhou capital Haojing. King
You lit beacons to summon his nobles, but none came and he was killed
at the foot of
Mount Li near modern-day Xi'an. Thereafter, the
Marquesses of Shen, Zeng, and Xu enthroned
Yijiu as King Ping of Zhou
in Shen. This marked the end of the
Western Zhou and the
beginning of the Eastern.
The Marquess died in 771 BCE.
^ Sima Qian. Records of the Grand Historian, "
Zhou Dynasty Annals".
^ Bamboo Annals
^ Chinese Text Project, Rulers of the Zhou states – with links to
their occurrences in pre-Qin and Han texts.
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