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Maroua is the capital of the Far North Region of Cameroon, stretching along the banks of the Ferngo and Kaliao Rivers, in the foothills of the Mandara Mountains. The city had 201,371 inhabitants at the 2005 Census mainly Fulbe/Fulani ethnic group.


History


The city was occupied by the Guiziga in the 17th century and the Mofu in the 18th century. The Maroua Declaration, a maritime boundary agreement between Nigeria and Cameroon, was signed in Maroua on 1 June 1975.


Economy


Embroidery, leather goods, jewelry, pottery are important economic activities in the city.


Transports


The city also has the Maroua Salak Airport. File:Moto transportant des sacs à Maroua.jpg|Motocycle transport. File:Femmes à moto à Maroua.jpg|Transport in town. File:Transport des élèves à Maroua.jpg|Students go to school. File:Maroua en vitesse.jpg|Road in Maroua File:Loaded bus in Maroua.jpg File:Transporteur de carburant sur bicyclette à Maroua.jpg File:Embouteillages dans la ville de Maroua.jpg File:Transport de marchandises à Maroua3.jpg File:Transport des élèves à Maroua2.jpg|Students on a bicycle from school File:Vendeur de médicaments ambulant à Maroua.jpg|A mobile drug seller on a bicycle File:Transport de marchandises à Maroua.jpg|A car transporting Goods in Maroua File:Paysans à vélo.jpg|Firewood transportation on Bicycles in Maroua File:Paysan dans la ville de Maroua.jpg|Sorghum stalk transportation on bicycle in Maroua File:Pousseur au marché de Maroua.jpg|A truck pusher at the Maroua Central Market


Education


The University of Maroua is based in the city.


Places of worship


Among the places of worship, they are predominantly Muslim mosques. There are also Christian churches and temples : Roman Catholic Diocese of Maroua–Mokolo (Catholic Church), Evangelical Church of Cameroon (World Communion of Reformed Churches), Presbyterian Church in Cameroon (World Communion of Reformed Churches), Cameroon Baptist Convention (Baptist World Alliance), Full Gospel Mission Cameroon (Assemblies of God). J. Gordon Melton, Martin Baumann, ‘‘Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices’’, ABC-CLIO, USA, 2010, p. 484-486


Climate


The climate is Sahelian, being hot and dry for most of the year. Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot semi-arid (''BSh'').



Sport


Sports activities are recognized on football, traditional wrestling. File:Lutte traditionnelle de jeunes 03.jpg|by young boys File:Lutte traditionnelle de jeunes 02.jpg|by young girls File:Lutte traditionnelle de jeunes 05.jpg|by warriors

References

{{Capitals of Regions of Cameroon Category:Populated places in Cameroon Category:Far North Region (Cameroon) Category:Provincial capitals in Cameroon